Military Review

"Ruslan" can again go to the series ...

50



The appearance of the An-1965 wide-body transport aircraft in the USSR in 22 further intensified Soviet-American rivalry in creating giant aircraft. In the United States, the development of a new generation Lockheed S-5A Galaxy aircraft was in full swing, which was superior to the Soviet Antei in basic parameters. The Soviet government believed that a lag in this area could lead to a disruption of the strategic balance towards American superiority. The Soviet aviation industry was tasked with increasing the carrying capacity of transport aircraft aviation up to 120 tons. As a result of the decisions made at the Kiev Mechanical Plant (OKB Antonov Design Bureau), work was begun on designing a new aircraft with the given characteristics. The project "122", presented two years later by the developers, was rejected because it could not compete with the S-5A and did not have the load capacity stated in the task. Chief Designer O.K. Antonov decided to start all over again. To implement such a grandiose project, it was necessary to develop new technologies, manufacture production equipment capable of processing large-sized parts, create the latest flight and navigation systems and solve a lot of complex and necessary problems.

In 1972, the "124" project was adopted by the state commission. Its implementation allowed for the mobile transportation of practically any military equipment that existed at that time. An-124 has absorbed a huge amount of know-how. This provided him with a well-deserved leadership among super-heavy transport aviation fellows, surprising with their ability to make long-distance flights. The new aircraft received the name "Ruslan". It was there that the automated on-board system was installed for the first time, capable of checking the parameters of the engine, power supply and air conditioning systems, controlling the pressure control and the operation of the anti-icing system, tracking the operation of the hydraulic complex, chassis and other devices. The new automatic system performed a number of unique functions. For example, the alignment of the aircraft during the flight, the determination of the take-off weight in accordance with the conditions of a specific aerodrome, the accumulation of information about emergency situations, etc. "Ruslan" had a system of protection against entering into supercritical regimes.

Thanks to its technical and flight parameters, the An-124 surpassed the American Lockheed C-25A Galaxy in terms of its transport potential by 5%. The specialists working on the Ruslan project considered their offspring to be the heyday of creative thought, and each of them worked with great enthusiasm and inspiration.

For the construction of the An-124 at the Kiev Aviation Plant special production buildings were built with hundred-meter spans. Special equipment was made, new equipment and modern technologies were mastered. For the first time in the USSR, laser technology was used in the construction of the An-124, which significantly improved the quality of production of the new aircraft. In the production of the aircraft involved hundreds of enterprises. For example, the chassis was manufactured in Kuibyshev, engines were assembled in Zaporozhye, control systems in the Moscow Region of Stupino, hydraulics in Kharkov and Moscow, flight-navigation complex in Leningrad, large-sized parts of the fuselage in Tashkent. For assembly, parts from Tashkent to Kiev were transported to An-22.

The first flight of the Ruslan set off in December 1982 from the factory airfield, located in Svyatoshyn. And although the first aircraft of the An-124 series were built in Kiev, in 1980, the production was transferred to the new Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant in accordance with a government decree. A total of 56 aircraft "Ruslan" was released. Currently, X-NUMX An-36 aircraft are operated on Russian airlines, 124 aircraft are registered in Ukraine. Two aircraft "Ruslan" work in Libya, and one in the United Arab Emirates.

Decades have passed. At a meeting of Russian and Ukrainian Prime Ministers 12 July, it was decided to jointly resume the production of An-124-100 aircraft. It is still considered the largest production aircraft in the world. To establish a full-scale production of giant aircraft, it is necessary that the project be profitable for all parties. This means that already at the stage of initial agreements, potential customers and buyers of air transport giants must be identified. It is possible that they will be the Russian Air Force, Russian commercial firms and foreign buyers.

The Prime Minister of Ukraine believes that cooperation in restoring production of the unique An-124 transport aircraft will certainly give an impetus to the development of Russian-Ukrainian relations in the aviation industry. It was decided that a Ukrainian-Russian joint venture will be created to resume production. In September, it is planned to sign the constituent documents at a meeting of the Russian-Ukrainian committee on economic issues. It is not yet known at which production site the aircraft will be assembled. It is only known that the Ukrainian side is ready to transfer to the joint venture an innovative component and its existing technological base. Russian aircraft manufacturers are ready to finance the project and provide a market for finished products. The protection of the intellectual property of the joint venture will definitely be documented. According to Ernst & Young experts, the production of 40 An-124 aircraft will require investments of 4 billion rubles.

Negotiations on the resumption of production of An-124 were held between Russia and Ukraine for a long time. After all, in Soviet times both countries had successfully operating aircraft industry enterprises. All specialists are well aware that only by joint efforts will the aviation industry of both countries be able to compete with foreign manufacturers. While the business plan of the new project is not. Considered many options for the production of "Ruslan". There is a proposal that for foreign customers the final assembly will be carried out at the facilities of Boeing plants. Project parties understand that the technical characteristics of the aircraft to be operated by the Air Force differ from the more economical parameters required by commercial firms. It’s possible that foreign-made engines will be installed on the updated Ruslan.

To create a real business plan for a new project to recreate the construction of the An-124-100 aircraft, it is necessary to define a portfolio of orders. Negotiations are held with each potential buyer to discuss the main characteristics of the aircraft, delivery dates and the price of the final product. Many firms have shown interest in An-124-100. For example, the company Volga-Dnepr, which successfully exploits the Soviet Ruslans, is interested in replenishing its fleet with these transport aircraft. This desire is so great that the company was ready to independently start production of this aircraft on the basis of the German repair company.

Experts from Russia and Ukraine are unanimous in their opinion that the An-124-100 production project is very promising. Aircraft production will require the creation of more than 2,5 thousands of additional jobs. In addition, quite large allocations will be made to the budgets of all levels of both countries. But the most important achievement of this project, of course, can be considered the revitalization of the Russian aircraft industry and Russia's occupation of a leading position in the global market for unique air transportation.

Materials used:
http://www.gazeta.ru/business/2013/07/17/5434185.shtml
http://area7.ru/referat.php?1685
http://www.antonov.com/aircraft/30-years-since-the-an-124-ruslan/references-to-history
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  1. Grif
    Grif 26 July 2013 07: 08 New
    +4
    Good news. Great plane.
    1. avt
      avt 26 July 2013 09: 47 New
      +8
      Quote: Grif
      Good news. Great plane.

      What's the news? The fact that a good plane has been known since its first flight. The article is a shamanic spell of the type, if you talk for a long time, suddenly they really start to do it. There are no real prerequisites for resuming the production of NEW planes. And there is nothing to flatter on the artistic whistle of two premieres. The maximum that they will do is to modernize the airplanes of the Russian Air Force, and commerce will stand and watch, when it will be possible to snatch them cheaper from the Air Force as in the 90s.
      1. smprofi
        smprofi 26 July 2013 19: 40 New
        +2
        Quote: avt
        when it will be possible to snatch them cheaper from the Air Force as in the 90s

        Why is it so pessimistic? in 2009, thanks to the current "reforms" of the current government, the 224 air squadron of the Ministry of Defense was turned into an OJSC "224 air squadron" with all the equipment, and thus the An-124 Ruslan - 5 units and An-124- 100 Ruslan - 1 piece (there is also an IL-76MD steam locomotive - 25 pieces).
        well, "merchants" in officer's shoulder straps are already carrying equipment and troops of sworn friends, in particular, French partners, in Mali

    2. experienced
      experienced 26 July 2013 12: 26 New
      +1
      Quote: Grif
      Good news. Great plane.

      Bugaga, this news for me is already similar to the South American TV series. For several years now we have been hearing bravura assurances about the resumption of production of "Ruslan" and about what profits and preferences this will bring to Russia and Ukraine, that even reading this "news" is not interesting ...
      An excellent (for its time) aircraft with great opportunities for modernization, which is necessary for transport aviation, has become a "sacrificial bull" in the politics of 2 countries recourse Something tells me that this project will be the fate of the Ukrainian "gas pipe", but it's a pity. However, the principle of the Ukrainian modern government is very clearly visible: "and what I don't eat, I bite"
      1. smprofi
        smprofi 26 July 2013 19: 46 New
        0
        Quote: seasoned
        the principle of the Ukrainian modern government is very clearly visible: "and what I don't eat, then I bite"

        lol
        the Kremlin can be traced distinctly another principle: to grab for inexpensive what "lies badly". what a pipe, what else ...
        Did the “partner” “co-ownership” of the pipe bring the Belarusians much happiness?
    3. Apologet.Ru
      Apologet.Ru 26 July 2013 16: 55 New
      +2
      hi

      It can be seen that the Russian military-industrial complex does not really hope for Ukraine to join the Customs and Eurasian Unions, therefore, it is quickly buying up the intellectual property rights of Ukrainian high-tech developments.
      All this is certainly correct, but it is a pity for Ukraine - from a technically developed country, in which case it simply degrades into a raw materials appendage of Europe ... crying
      1. 311ove
        311ove 27 July 2013 01: 27 New
        +1
        SORRY WHAT UKRAINIAN DEVELOPMENT? I THINK THAT in the USSR, even small nations of the north sat in the research institute, if there were min. appropriate education. One thing that comforts is that already in UKRAINE, not only in RUSSIA they are beginning to understand the consequences of the 91st ...
        1. studentmati
          studentmati 27 July 2013 01: 36 New
          0
          Quote: 311ove
          SORRY WHAT UKRAINIAN DEVELOPMENT? I THINK THAT in the USSR, even small nations of the north sat in the research institute, if there were min. appropriate education. One thing that comforts is that already in UKRAINE, not only in RUSSIA they are beginning to understand the consequences of the 91st ...


          The divorce took place, the property was divided. There is a period of appeals and cassations ...
  2. Revolver
    Revolver 26 July 2013 07: 35 New
    11
    After all, both countries, in Soviet times, had a successfully operating aviation industry.

    Not at all, in Soviet times, only one country had a successfully operating aviation industry - the USSR. And then they cut it alive.
    1. experienced
      experienced 26 July 2013 13: 41 New
      +3
      Quote: Nagan
      in Soviet times, only one country had a successfully operating aviation industry - the USSR

      Well, yes, but Boeing and many others only brought losses to the owners ... wassat
      I understand your nostalgia, but try to stay within the framework of logic and reason. hi
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 26 July 2013 16: 46 New
        +2
        I meant only one country from "both countries" from the article - Russia and Ukraine. The West was not even considered.
  3. volkodav
    volkodav 26 July 2013 08: 22 New
    +1
    All the same, we must produce ourselves and not depend on Ukraine, with its unpredictable politicians
    1. svp67
      svp67 26 July 2013 08: 53 New
      +1
      Quote: volkodav
      All the same, we must produce ourselves and not depend on Ukraine, with its unpredictable politicians
      In principle, I agree, but without international cooperation in the world now it’s not like that. But of course, the production of such equipment should be carried out as much as possible on its territory
    2. Sirozha
      Sirozha 26 July 2013 08: 59 New
      0
      But nothing that An is, at the moment (and I hope so will remain) Ukrainian production? And do the technologies belong to Ukraine?
      We must cooperate, and not row everything for ourselves!
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 26 July 2013 09: 06 New
        +1
        Quote: Sirozha
        But nothing that An is, at the moment (and I hope so will remain) Ukrainian production?

        And how much did they produce?


        Quote: Sirozha
        And do the technologies belong to Ukraine?

        The problem is being solved by Ukrainian methods. Small modernization, renaming from "Ruslan" to "Ivan", and this is an exclusively Russian development.

        Dear, it’s not for you to talk about intellectual property.
        1. Professor
          Professor 26 July 2013 15: 57 New
          +1
          Quote: Spade
          Dear, it’s not for you to talk about intellectual property.

          The "intellectual property" has ended, the limitation period has expired. It is known for 20-25 years, and then all this intellectual property is the property of the people (the entire population of the planet). hi
          1. Revolver
            Revolver 26 July 2013 19: 54 New
            0
            Quote: Professor
            The "intellectual property" has ended, the limitation period has expired. It is known for 20-25 years, and then all this intellectual property is the property of the people (the entire population of the planet).

            That's for sure. Today in America, only the laziest weapons companies don't make the Colt 1911M clones. So, offhand, except for Colt, it is made by Para Ordnance, Smith & Wesson, Remington. Maybe someone else. They do it in their own .45 caliber and in a bunch of different others, up to .22LR. Why is the AN-124 better?
          2. studentmati
            studentmati 26 July 2013 23: 34 New
            +1
            Quote: Professor
            The "intellectual property" has ended, the limitation period has expired.


            The property may have ended, and the price of the survey remains at the forefront. Patriotism and professionalism are over - they rule the grandmother .... sad
      2. Mr. Gambu4aS
        Mr. Gambu4aS 26 July 2013 09: 09 New
        +2
        So we have all the data on "Ruslan", well, and if suddenly not, then you can copy it as the Chinese do, or, at worst, steal it! yes In general, if there will be joint production with Ukraine, I will be upset, because we do not need cooperation with you in the field of the defense complex, it is too storming you from side to side
      3. strange and pretty meaningless
        strange and pretty meaningless 26 July 2013 10: 03 New
        +2
        Quote: Sirozha
        We must cooperate, and not row everything for ourselves!

        GOLD WORDS!
      4. Papakiko
        Papakiko 26 July 2013 10: 51 New
        0
        Quote: Sirozha
        We must cooperate, and not row everything for ourselves!

        You uzoe our solo ate, and that you didn’t ate it, they bit it: said Crest y.There where the crest rummaged a Jew has nothing to do. Etc. wink
        And as for rowing for themselves, so everyone knows rowing for themselves, therefore they are called ami. bully
        Quote: Sirozha
        and I hope this will remain) Ukrainian production

        Further on the topic, you can not discuss it, everything is obvious in the chicken movements of the Slav brothers. hi drinks
        Such pearls are "In Ukraine". you can clearly see how the (Black Sea) Ukrainian fleet from Sevastopol bulged laughing
        1. ratuld
          ratuld 26 July 2013 14: 53 New
          0
          Leave the sick on your head alone !!!
          There is the Mother of God from Zhmerynka and the Savior from Konotop !!!!
          Let them learn mov and sculpt.
          People are not needed right now, an excess.
          So lumberjacks and tilers are needed.
          Preferably from Kyevskhgo University.
          1. igor67
            igor67 26 July 2013 22: 02 New
            +1
            Quote: ratuld
            Leave the sick on your head alone !!!
            There is the Mother of God from Zhmerynka and the Savior from Konotop !!!!
            Let them learn mov and sculpt.
            People are not needed right now, an excess.
            So lumberjacks and tilers are needed.
            Preferably from Kyevskhgo University.

            Konotop do not touch
      5. svp67
        svp67 26 July 2013 19: 20 New
        +5
        Quote: Sirozha
        And do the technologies belong to Ukraine?
        Don't confuse "God's gift with scrambled eggs". Ruslan is not a Russian or Ukrainian project, it is UNION, so there are enough points of contact here ...
  4. Luger
    Luger 26 July 2013 08: 51 New
    +1
    It will be interesting to be competitive with the French new truck based on the A380 recourse all the same, the time has passed from the creation and the engine is now different, but a lot of what has changed, probably on the go you have to redo a lot, modify
    1. AVV
      AVV 26 July 2013 09: 56 New
      0
      The characteristics will be no worse than those of competitors, and excel in many respects, otherwise there would be no reason to start production! Here are engines that are more economical and powerful are needed !!! And they are needed, and not Western! But this is already a problem for engine builders and their design bureaus !!!
      1. AVV
        AVV 26 July 2013 13: 38 New
        +1
        A joint venture is being created for this! The Russian Ministry of Defense and the Volga-Dnepr company will buy it, and part will be leased to foreign carriers!
  5. Sirozha
    Sirozha 26 July 2013 08: 58 New
    +1
    It is high time! Good luck in this endeavor!
  6. slavik_gross
    slavik_gross 26 July 2013 09: 44 New
    +1
    Just do not say that we are tying Ruslan in Ukraine ... what is the Bison worth ... the rest will not be listed ...
  7. Ivan_Ivanov
    Ivan_Ivanov 26 July 2013 10: 26 New
    +4
    Quote: volkodav
    All the same, we must produce ourselves and not depend on Ukraine, with its unpredictable politicians


    So make Ukrainian politicians predictable. Or even Russian politicians.
  8. gych
    gych 26 July 2013 10: 28 New
    +2
    Quote: Spade
    Quote: Sirozha
    But nothing that An is, at the moment (and I hope so will remain) Ukrainian production?

    And how much did they produce?


    Quote: Sirozha
    And do the technologies belong to Ukraine?

    The problem is being solved by Ukrainian methods. Small modernization, renaming from "Ruslan" to "Ivan", and this is an exclusively Russian development.

    Dear, it’s not for you to talk about intellectual property.

    Well, after such statements in Ukraine and the anti-Russian sentiment that appears! Tie up with you! We will remember the strength of the USSR together
  9. Gato
    Gato 26 July 2013 10: 35 New
    +1
    The car, of course, is impressive. I saw her flying over Kiev - a sight! It seems that the plane just hangs in the air, it is not clear on what physical principles.
  10. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 26 July 2013 10: 44 New
    0
    Quote: Grif
    Good news. Great plane.

    I would not like to hear maybe or perhaps I would like to hear that a decree has been issued to return to mass production, etc., etc.!
  11. Vlad_Mir
    Vlad_Mir 26 July 2013 11: 47 New
    +1
    Ukrainian-Russian relations cause skepticism even regarding the most interesting projects. Until November, some serious decisions are unlikely to be taken.
  12. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 26 July 2013 13: 41 New
    0
    Great news, there are still no competitors for this aircraft model ...
  13. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 26 July 2013 14: 46 New
    +2
    I had a chance to serve at the 26 UHF, which was built by the Ulyanovsk Aviaprom. It was a grand construction, and when Ruslany went, it was something. They took off from the factory airfield and turned exactly right over our town. And what workshops were built, we drove the fighters to excursions in order to personally see the mosh of our Motherland. The zapolitans rested. And if Ruslan production is resumed this hour, this will revive the whole Zavolzhsky district, and the whole New City (who has been to Ulyanovsk-Simbirsk will understand me). Give Ruslan!
  14. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 26 July 2013 15: 03 New
    +1
    A good "barrel of honey" turns out, but as always, it cannot do without tar
    There is a suggestion that for foreign customers the final assembly will be carried out at the facilities of Boeing factories.

    And raising their enterprises is not an option, why feed someone else’s uncle?
    It is not excluded that engines of foreign production will be installed on the updated Ruslan.

    It is possible here to repeat the previous question "about someone else's uncle."
    Or maybe like in those days - is abroad better?
    It is necessary to create your own, and not order overseas, not XVII-XVIII, but the XXI century in the yard.
    1. sir.jonn
      sir.jonn 17 August 2013 14: 04 New
      0
      Quote: Starover_Z
      It’s necessary to create your own, and not order overseas,

      Yes, it is not clear what customers will require when entering new markets, everyone has their own mentality and their own views on the product they need. As the saying goes, the buyer is always right. And besides, for the needs of Moscow Region, the demand will be 100% of domestic components most likely, so that no one will remain idle.
  15. B_KypTke
    B_KypTke 26 July 2013 16: 02 New
    +3
    Brothers ukrAintsev .. like that Latvian's .. yes soul.
    The entire material component of the project must be taken by Russia.
    It would be fine, but Ukraine has given me a lot of advisers against joint ventures with Russia and objectively useful to both countries.
    But the plane is so successful and still relevant that just blood from the nose needs to resume production.
  16. Forest
    Forest 26 July 2013 16: 12 New
    0
    I saw: in 1989 the An-22 with the An-124 wing on the fuselage, took off from the Tuzel airfield, made a box over the city, only then flew to Moscow. Impression for life.
  17. AlNick
    AlNick 26 July 2013 16: 33 New
    +2
    At one time, when the problem of the shortage of the An-12 fleet became very acute, and the production of a promising aircraft for its replacement was stalled, the question was solved - whether to resume its production on the basis of the Tashkent APO or to develop a resource. It turned out that the assembly stocks are stupidly cut. There was only an extension.
    The latest An-12s were launched in 1972. It is allowed to extend the designated service life (subject to all modifications) to 55 years.
    Ruslans were mass-produced in Kiev and Ulyanovsk. Of the 52 Ruslons built in Kiev, only 17 were built. The resumption of production is certainly good, there would be a desire and opportunity ...
  18. shpuntik
    shpuntik 26 July 2013 20: 21 New
    0
    If production is nevertheless adjusted (which I hope), then Medvedev, even if it does not go down in history, will increase his karma - that's for sure! smile
  19. urich
    urich 26 July 2013 21: 55 New
    0
    That's interesting
    According to experts from Ernst & Young, the production of 40 An-124 aircraft will require investments in the amount of 4 billion rubles.
    And we read in another article: The Tupolev Company and the Kazan Aircraft Plant (KAPO named after S.P. Gorbunov) signed a contract for the overhaul of three Tu-160 aircraft for the RF Ministry of Defense, the cost of the agreement exceeds 3,4 billion rubles.
    Forty new An-124 is almost as much as REPAIR of three Tu-160. Someone wrote something wrong?
    1. 311ove
      311ove 27 July 2013 01: 45 New
      0
      Maybe not, But firstly, What are we comparing with, Shovel can be stamped incredibly! Secondly, overhaul has always been expensive, the product must first be disassembled at least (and not sawed). In Soviet times, it was at the factories carrying out major repairs, it killed that they had their own production of many components .....
      1. studentmati
        studentmati 27 July 2013 01: 51 New
        0
        Quote: 311ove
        . In Soviet times, it was at the factories carrying out major repairs, it killed that they had their own production of many components .....


        I don’t see anything murderous; any aircraft production in the USSR is art first and foremost. And as a rule, they make kapitalku at manufacturing enterprises.
    2. German
      German 27 July 2013 02: 19 New
      0
      TU-160? Sorry, but this is a bit from another opera! Do not compare horseradish with a finger, dear!
  20. studentmati
    studentmati 26 July 2013 22: 35 New
    0
    Russian and Ukrainian experts are unanimous that the An-124-100 production project is very promising

    I would like to think that aviation specialists, and not "sawmill specialists" think about the prospects of production ...
  21. 311ove
    311ove 27 July 2013 01: 57 New
    0
    Duck is not a manufacturer, and it was a question of price ....
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 27 July 2013 02: 04 New
      0
      The product itself has no price. I believe that from this we should proceed in the negotiations of the states on the price of the issue!
  22. German
    German 27 July 2013 02: 16 New
    0
    all is well, only our "samostiiniks" again, as always, will shit! They pulled up already with licking the anus of the gayropeans!
  23. 311ove
    311ove 27 July 2013 03: 32 New
    0
    Quote: studentmati
    The product itself has no price. I believe that from this we should proceed in the negotiations of the states on the price of the issue!

    I ask you to clarify your postulate about the price, Something I can’t understand, really * they * compare * your state. And in general, he wrote with subtext about incomparable things and that sometimes new things are easier and cheaper to do than old repair-examples in modern life have no numbers ...
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 27 July 2013 03: 41 New
      0
      And I also mean that this is a political issue. And you can organize production in Ukraine and Russia ...
  24. EGORKA
    EGORKA 27 July 2013 05: 31 New
    0
    Quote: studentmati
    And I also mean that this is a political issue. And you can organize production in Ukraine and Russia ...

    Do you think in Russia there is a lot of excess dough, so that in Ukraine, too, it is possible to ward off the workshop with everything you need?) Tipo there will be a gift in honor of Ukraine's entry into the EU ?!)
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 27 July 2013 22: 58 New
      0
      Quote: EGORKA
      Tipo will be a gift in honor of Ukraine’s entry into the EU ?!)


      There shouldn't be any gifts, the "attraction of unprecedented generosity" should end. negative From a technical point of view, production can be organized anywhere. From an economic point of view, another thing.
  25. fokino1980
    fokino1980 27 July 2013 10: 13 New
    -2
    The news is too optimistic and looks more like a utopia. In Ukraine and abroad there are forces that will not allow the joint construction of "Ruslan" !!! An unfortunate fact but it will be so! The political elite of Ukraine does not need Russia, the country has long lost its independence, they have another export product
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 27 July 2013 23: 02 New
      +1
      Quote: fokino1980
      ... they have other export goods


      The period of primary capital accumulation ends sooner or later, then the time comes to invest the accumulated funds in real production. So also taught Marx and Engels.
  26. studentmati
    studentmati 28 July 2013 02: 20 New
    0
    "Ruslan" and "Mriya" not only can, but simply have to go into the series. good "ordinary" designers, technologists and riveters understand this. soldier Well, does Dmitry Olegovich Rogozin really not understand that the niche of heavy-duty transporters in the next five to seven years will not be able to be occupied by competitors? belay Seize the moment! USSR Aviation sings a swan song ......... sad Another two or three years and the museum ...... negative