Military Review

In Russia, they recall the heroes who reflected the first Luftwaffe air raid on Moscow


On Monday, July 22, is a day to commemorate the Soviet soldiers, who repulsed the first Luftwaffe air raid on Moscow in the 1941 year. The air defenders did not allow most German bombers to drop bombs on the capital.

Air defense veterans, who repelled an air strike, believe that the battle for Moscow began just then, and not September 30, as is commonly believed in official historiography.

“It’s their battle for Moscow that began on September 30 of the year 1941. And our battle began on July 1, when our post noticed the first German aircraft at Vyazma, ”said Nikolai Martynov, who had fought with a Luftwaffe 19 summer sergeant, in an interview with Vecherny Moskva

According to him, the first Junkers-88 appeared over Vyazma on the first day of July, but in Moscow they did not believe the air defense report and did not do anything. The next day a German raid aviation the line of people at the store was destroyed.

“From this day the enemy appeared in the air every day. They even flew to Moscow. Before 21 July, the Germans made 89 raids. And when we looked at which routes they were going, they were convinced that the railways and highways are their priorities, ”continues Martynov.

On the first day, Soviet anti-aircraft gunners and pilots shot down an 22 220 aircraft, and from six to nine Luftwaffe aces were able to get to Moscow. The Germans dropped near 50 land mines to Moscow and to the 5 thousands of lighters. There were fires in the capital, but not a single industrial enterprise of the city suffered, and Moscow was better preserved than other European capitals. And all this is the merit of the air defense and the pilots who met the enemy on the distant approaches.

“We, PVOshnikov, have big complaints about historiography. Everywhere it is written that the defense of Moscow began on September 30. For us, it began on July 1. Four and a half months, we fought almost alone. And this period is thrown away. Why - it is not clear. Many of our fighters were not even awarded with the medals "For the Defense of Moscow". They considered that the status was not allowed, ”complains Nikolai Martynov.
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  1. Constantine
    Constantine 23 July 2013 10: 07
    Everlasting memory! Eternal glory!
  2. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 23 July 2013 10: 09
    For the aerial bombardments of Moscow, the Nazi command created a special aviation group. Its basis was the 2nd Air Fleet. The group included selected units of the 2nd and 8th aviation corps: the 3rd and 54th bombing squadrons, the 4th bombing squadron "Vever", the 53rd bombing squadron "Legion Condor", the 100th bombing group, as well as the 28th Bomber Squadron and 55th Special Purpose Bomber Squadron attached to the Navy. In total, more than 1600 aircraft, including more than 300 of the latest types of bombers - Heinkel-111, Junkers-88, Dornier-215. The crews of the squadrons were manned by experienced pilots and navigators with rich combat experience. Many crew commanders had the military rank of colonel and for the successful bombing of the capitals and large industrial centers of some European countries were awarded the highest reich awards.
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 23 July 2013 10: 25
      About the heroic deed of a pilot - Hero of the Soviet Union V. Talalikhin
  3. il grand casino
    il grand casino 23 July 2013 10: 20
    “We, PVOshnikov, have big claims to historiography. Everywhere it is written that the defense of Moscow began on September 30. For us, it began on July 1. For four and a half months we fought practically alone. our fighters were not even awarded medals “For the Defense of Moscow.” They considered that the status was not supposed to be, "Nikolai Martynov complains."

    And when didn’t we have a mess? ... a rhetorical question
  4. Vitaly Anisimov
    Vitaly Anisimov 23 July 2013 10: 31
    Competently organized the air defense system of Moscow. The city was virtually uninjured. And even a parade was held when the enemy was almost at the gates of Moscow. Eternal memory to the defenders of our country!
    1. chaban13
      chaban13 23 July 2013 14: 58
      Few people know, but the latest Soviet radars played a significant role in repelling the raids, during the first raids the backlash was in full view!
      1. StraNeek
        StraNeek 23 July 2013 17: 19
        if possible in more detail!
  5. pinecone
    pinecone 23 July 2013 11: 49
    General Information Bureau July 22, 1941
    Morning message (excerpt)

    “During the battles near the town of N, our units found German soldiers chained to anti-tank guns and other types of weapons in the territory cleared of the enemy. So, near Varnyay, a German soldier was found chained to an anti-tank gun. units knocked out 10 Nazi tanks. In one of the enemy vehicles, the driver rushed about in fire, but could not get out of the tank, as he was chained to the seat. "

    Evening message (excerpt)
    "According to additional data, when German aircraft attempted to carry out a massive raid on Moscow on the night of July 21-22, 22 German bombers were destroyed. In a night raid, these losses on the part of the enemy must be recognized as very large."
  6. erased
    erased 23 July 2013 12: 00
    Pilots, anti-aircraft gunners, observers - all were heroes! And they will remain so for centuries in memory and in our hearts.