Military Review

The attack of the century. How Alexander Marinesko buried Hitler's last hope

The attack of the century. How Alexander Marinesko buried Hitler's last hopeThe Fuhrer fatally hated the Soviet military, it was no accident that no one in captivity treated him so harshly as they were. But only one officer of the Soviet Navy was honored to be declared the enemy of the Reich and his personal enemy ... And it was for that.

Hitler hoped to prolong the war with the countries of the anti-Nazi coalition for an indefinitely long period, during which, according to the Fuhrer's aspirations, this not too organic bloc was bound to happen, which allowed Germany to make peace with the Anglo-Saxons and the French in the West and continue the war in the East against the USSR .

In January, 1945, the Soviet troops, developing a powerful offensive deep into the Nazi Reich, laid siege to Danzig - the ancient Polish city of Gdansk. In this ancient citadel, turned by the Nazis into a stronghold of their dominance in the Privislinsky region and the Baltic, in addition to a powerful military grouping, the color of Hitler's official elite was cut off - all kinds of Fuhrers, leytery, commissioners, who led the plundering and Germanization of the Slavic lands.

And here was based 2-I training division of submarines Reichsmarine. In January, 1945, within its walls, were preparing to lay life on the altar of devotion to the Fuhrer and the Faterland 3700 "blond beasts". They dreamed of perpetuating their name with exploits, like those that their predecessors had committed, immigrants from the same alma mater Gunter Prien (in 1940, he sent the most powerful English battleship Royal Oak to the bottom, and destroyed the 28 of enemy ships) and Otto Kretschmer (broke the absolute record of performance, sinking the 44 merchant ship and the 1 destroyer). The already formed crews transported to Kiel and Flensburg were to take places in the 123 compartments of the newest XXI series submarines launched, equipped with snorkel - a device for recharging batteries in a submerged position, which sharply increased the autonomy and secrecy of navigation.

Underwater Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz were Hitler's last hope. They had to implement a plan of total submarine warfare.

Suddenly firing on the sea communications between the Old and New Worlds (instead of destroyed by the Anglo-American anti-submarine defense during the Battle of the Atlantic) more than three dozen fresh wolf packs of submarines, each of which had an ammunition torpedoes 20 and navigation autonomy to 16 000 miles , the Fuhrer hoped to block England, disrupt the supply of troops landed in Europe and gain the time needed for the collapse of the anti-Hitler coalition. Considering the brilliant technical data of the XXI series boats and the seriousness of the combat training of German corsairs of the sea depths, this plan posed a serious threat to the lives of thousands of allies.

The question of evacuating the Danzig school of the submarine, whose graduates were primarily entrusted to this fateful mission by Hitler, was specifically discussed at one of the January meetings in his bunker.

From 1942, the school was located on the huge Wilhelm Gustlov passenger liner that was built in the port of Danzig, originally built for cruise trips of the Nazi elite from the Reich to the Canaries, and with the start of World War II, it was converted into a floating barracks for Hitler’s favorites .

The whole of Germany was proud of the ship. It was not by chance that he was given the name of a prominent leader of the Nazi Party, who enjoyed the special trust of the leader and created assault troops like the SA from local Germans in Switzerland.

In 1936, Gustlov shot dead the anti-fascist Yugoslav. The Fuhrer specially came to Hamburg on 1938 for celebrations of the descent of a ship named for an ally. He himself chose the name of the tourist liner, which was supposed to personify the power and perfection of the “thousand-year-old Reich”, and in an hourly “fiery” speech expressed the overwhelming genuine admiration for him with the masterpiece of “Aryan” shipbuilding, created according to its designs.

Admitted, admittedly, was what. The 9-deck giant is almost two hundred meters long, with a 15-storey house divided by bulkheads into countless compartments, except for hundreds of comfortable cabins with restaurants, a winter garden, a swimming pool, a gymnasium. Displacement 25 thousand tons! Few giants, equal to "Gustlov", plow the ocean expanses today.

And this superliner, having on board about 100 crews of submariners, over 4 000 additionally taken on board by high-ranking officials, generals and officers of the SS and the Wehrmacht (more than 8 000 passengers), with all the precautions at noon 30 January 1945 year off the berth wall and went to sea ...

On the same day, in the 20 hours of 10 minutes, the Soviet submarine C-13 commanded by the captain of the 3 rank Alexander Marinesko cruising in the gulf of Danzig waiting for targets for a torpedo attack surfaced to recharge the batteries.

She belonged to the family of submarines of the C IX-bis series, built on the eve of World War II, and in its characteristics was much inferior to the Hitler submarines of the XXI series, specially created for operations in the World Ocean. "Esca" had a displacement of 870 tons, cruising range 10 000 miles, autonomy 30 days, depth to 100 meters. Its armament consisted of 6 torpedo tubes (4 nasal and 2 fodder), 100-mm cannon and 45-mm semi-automatic. But Soviet designers did not invent the snorkel, and this created a lot of difficulties in the “autonomous system”.

... Already 17 days lasted campaign. The area set aside for cruising was huge: from Bornholm to the lighthouse Brewsterort 150 miles - the width of the area, and to the throat of Danzig Bay to the depth of 40 miles. Try, examine it quickly, and most importantly, carefully ... As luck would have it, the whole trip did not abate the storm.

With great difficulty, the boatswain managed to keep the boat in balance for a minute or two, while the commander hastily pressed down to the periscope. And at night there was an extremely dangerous recharge of batteries on the boom station.

So - day after day. Monotone, tedious. On-board magazine "eski" sparingly testified: "January 17. From the bulletin of the Soviet Information Bureau we learned about the offensive of the troops of the 1 of the Belarusian Front south of Warsaw. The crew was delighted ... Storm about 9 points. At night, several sailors fell out of their beds. In the morning we plunged, then lay down on the ground. Although the depth of 50 meters, the boat pumps great ...

18 January. Surfaced in 00. 40. The storm continues. A huge wave nearly washed over the midshipman Toropov. The senior sailor Yurov restrained him ... From a radio message we learned about the liberation of Warsaw by our troops ...

20 January. Due to bad weather we rarely emerge under the periscope. No transports were found ... Deep-earth bomb explosions are heard ... ”

An experienced submariner, these explosions said a lot. The commander of the ship knew that the command of other submarines did not send to the area assigned to him to search. This means that the distant ruptures of the “hinterlands” are not at all a sign that the fascists are “chasing” some of his battle friends across the Baltic, are pursuing the discovered submarine. No, preventive bombing is underway. If so, the big game will soon go - ships of large displacement, accompanied by destroyers and torpedo boats, maybe a cruiser ...

- Get ready, friends! - the commander encouraged sailors. “My heart feels, a convoy is about to go.” It will be a hot deal!

But days are replaced by days, but there is no serious purpose ...

"January 26-27. Strongly shakes, sometimes puts the boat on board under 45 degrees. Storm over 8 points. Frost. Antenna, racks, deck covered with solid ice. The shaft of air supply to diesel engines during immersion passes water until the ice on its cover does not thaw. From the operational report, we learned about the withdrawal of our troops on the coast of Danzig Bay, ”the radio operator wrote in the logbook.

The sea is quiet. And in the souls of submariners - not calm, no, a storm rages. More than a crescent into the sea, and the enemy also did not see on the horizon, they did not release any of the 12 torpedoes! People are waiting for business!

And the encryption from the headquarters fleet warms the excitement: “To the commanders of submarines at sea. In connection with the beginning of the offensive of our troops, the Nazis are expected to flee from Koenigsberg and Danzig. First of all, to attack large warships and transports of the enemy ... ”But where is this enemy?

Navigator Nikolay Redkoborod bezdolazno "conjures" in his enclosure over the map, continually clicking the stopwatch and the engine of the counting line. His job is to count such courses that would allow in a short time to fully explore the entire area. This is not an easy thing - you need to take into account all the shoals, banks, sunken ships that come across. It is necessary to remember all the errors arising from inaccurate holding by the helmsman of a given course, from the loss of speed during ascent.

"C-13" was lucky to navigator. Lieutenant Redkoborod - the best specialist in the brigade "esok", in 1943-m masterfully conducted the submarine Yuriy Russina "M-90" on the Gulf of Finland, stuffed with minefields and anti-submarine networks. But whatever experience was behind them, is it not enough in a turbulent sea of ​​interference, holding in constant tension?

The engineer-mechanic of the boat, Yakov Kovalenko, also had a hard time. For him, it was the first campaign as an independent commander of a combat unit (the previous BC commander, Georgy Dubrovsky, was sent to study at the academy). From the previous voyages with Dubrovsky, the young officer understood the main thing: it is necessary to strictly control the watch keeping by electricians, the movement of the boat under water with the help of electric motors depends on them. But not to forget the holds, they would not have made mistakes, especially during the dive and ascent stages. In the hands of sailors - the life of the ship ...

But the hardest for the boat commander. He is responsible for the success of the campaign, for the combat result. They are disturbed by its Baltic depths, which are stuffed with mines at different levels - bottom and anchor. How to maneuver, if you have to evade the depth bombs of the enemy guard, do not hurt the minenders in passing?

And here they are also overcome by sad thoughts about their own life. After all, during the campaign, Alexander Ivanovich was sent to wash away the sin that had been committed. On the night under the New, 1945 year "cap three" spree "little" in the Finnish city of Turku. I went to a restaurant with a friend, drank a glass ... In general, I returned to the base two days later.

The disappearance of a Soviet officer in a foreign port, and even a love affair with a citizen of another state at that time was a matter of jurisdiction, they were exiled to the penal battalion and not for that. Threatened the tribunal and Marinesko. He was saved only by the reputation of the class professional of the underwater war (in October 1944 of the year in the bay of Danzig his “esque” was sunk by enemy vehicles with a displacement of 5000 tons, and having shot all the torpedoes, he dared to ascend and destroy the enemy with the fire of the nose gun) teeming in the commander and chest standing up to his defense. The command decided not to wash dirty linen in public, and while the proceedings were going on, they quietly sent the boat with the defeated officer on a campaign. But soon this silence responded with a resonant resonance ...

In the evening of January 30, having received the next radiogram of the fleet headquarters, where they spoke about the beginning evacuation of the Nazis, Alexander Ivanovich made a desperately bold decision: to go straight to Danzig harbor and watch the enemy exit.

After an 40 minute rush to the target, surfaced to recharge the power supply. The stormy winter Baltic met with huge ramparts, heavily waddling through the narrow hull of the boat and pouring myriads of prickly splashes, snow charges that flew suddenly and tightly — you can't see it. And when this cold-burning whirlwind broke for an instant, the watchman, Anatoly Vinogradov, shouted with excitement:

- Lights! Straight on the nose!

The fireflies, blinking in the distance, could not belong to the coastal lighthouses - far away, moreover, they were not lit during wartime. So, the goal! And then sounded:

- Battle alarm!

The howlers howled horribly. "C-13" went into the "attack of the century."

Standing on the bridge under the gusts of a mad wind, Marinesko frantically thought out a plan of action. It is clear that the lights detected by the signalman are no less than one ship. Just what is it - a large warship, transport, or some small fry, on which it is a pity to waste torpedoes? Until you get close - you will not determine. But if you follow the rules, first plunging, in a submerged position, the boat will lose speed by half. And if it is not a dry cargo ship, a slug, but a swift liner? Do not catch up ... Besides, from the periscope depth in such a storm you will not see anything, and the boatswain will not keep the boat at a torpedo salvo - it throws like a wave! So, one thing remains: to catch up and attack on the surface ...

He rose from the bottom of society (his father was a Romanian sailor, and his mother was a Ukrainian peasant), who grew up on the outskirts of Odessa in a family with very modest incomes and made his way to the navigators of the merchant fleet with remarkable will and great diligence. Marinesko was not afraid of responsible decisions.

Only a constant attitude to the maximum allowed him to become unsurpassed among the Baltic sailors as an ace of underwater warfare, after he became commander of the “baby” submarine in the 1939 year, and after the command of the 4, he received an “esque”.

- Navigator, night sight! - Marinesko ordered. - We shoot from the surface, nasal! We go under the diesel engines! Develop full speed!

Soon hydroacoustics reported that, judging by the noise of the propellers, the still invisible target with a displacement pulls on the cruiser.

“And what if you attack from the coast? - a crazy thought arose from the boat commander. - They do not expect attacks from there, from their own! Surely not waiting! There is a coastal aviation, batteries of forts ... They believe that the rear is covered! From there and beat! "

Alexander Ivanovich was aware of the risk he was taking when he decided to cross the course of the enemy convoy and choose a position to attack from the coastline. If you find - neither turn away nor dive (the depth will not allow). True death ...

A cup of doubt finally outweighed the report of Alexander Volkov, the experienced pilot-signalman of the 1 article, who had been summoned to the bridge, who had the rare ability to see at night as night. Looking into binoculars at the lights flashing in the snow-haze, he confidently reported:

- The destroyer is ahead! Behind him - the liner!

For a moment, the snow suddenly stopped falling, and Marinesko, with a sinking heart, convinced that they had overtaken the huge motor ship, exclaimed, referring to the tonnage of the target:

- Thousand to twenty, no less!

Now - away from doubt! Their patience is rewarded. A little more, and a torpedo salvo ...

Suddenly, the liner bearing began to change. A red rocket asterisk flashed over the destroyer that was going before the ship. “Really found? Does the destroyer signal that it is attacking? ”- shot out in the brain.

- Urgent immersion! Boatswain, dive on 20 meters! - ordered the commander of the "C-13".

The boat slid down under heavy breathing masses of waves. The last sharp swinging from side to side, and now only the small, quivering pitching reminds of a storm raging above ... Outboard noise intensified, even through steel of a strong hull the rumble of huge ship-propellers can be heard.

The liner seems to pass right overhead. So I want to duck. But since the provinces did not fly, it means that the enemy did not find them ...
Ascent! The boat, picking up the course, again rose above the waves. At the afterburner, having developed 18 units, which were impossible for eski, and risking disrupting diesel engines, Marinesko overtook the outgoing target. It was a desperate, almost doomed effort — the probability of a happy outcome was not even a hundredth of a percent. If the Germans find them, and even lose their turn, they will be smashed into chips instantly. But he believed in his star ...

Hour, the second unparalleled chase. And now you can call out into the negotiation tube:

- A senior mate, calculate the number of torpedoes in the salvo!

As soon as this command sounded, suddenly a signal spotlight from the liner danced along the cabin of the boat, writing out dots and dashes. Opponent asked him for call signs! And you need to win a few more minutes to get ready!

- Knock him something! Anything! - Marinesko ordered.

The signalman Ivan Antipov calmly signaled the enemy a short salty mot, and ... Oh, a miracle! The German calmed down! It turned out that the nazis took the soviet board aboard the soviet boat for their torpedoles assigned to the convoy. Psychologically explainable. If someone answers, does not try to hide, it means his own! Insolence, but how prudent ...

In 23. 08 Marinesko finally ordered:

- Devices, fire!

Three swift strips from the Eskie bow ran to the tall side of the liner. Before his dive into the abyss, no more 15 minutes remained ...

All this time, Alexander Ivanovich and his comrades, without even fearing approaching enemy escort ships and not hiding in the depths of the sea, eagerly watched the Gustlov agony from the bridge. The naked eye could see a dark mass turning around on the tilting deck in the flames of a fire - the crew and passengers in a panic hurried to the sides to throw themselves into the icy Baltic ... Retribution is cruel but fair: the sea abyss swallowed up its corsairs, failed pries and creamers ...

The convoy ships saved only 988 of the Nazis, among them there were fewer submariners than one crew. The assistant to the captain of the liner Heinz Shen, who survived bathing in the Baltic water, wrote many years later in his book The Death of Wilhelm Gustlov: “This was undoubtedly the biggest disaster in stories the seafaring, compared to which even the death of the Titanic, which had collided with an iceberg in 1912, is nothing. ”

After the sinking of the giant ship Marinesko 4, the hours went away from the pursuit of enemy destroyers, then climbing right to the place of his death, where drowning was still floundering and it was dangerous to jam the water mass with depth charges and then perform clever maneuvers. In the end, he sailed close to the German coast and put the boat on the ground.

After 10 days, acting just as boldly and deliberately, Alexander Ivanovich sank the German auxiliary cruiser “General von Steuben” with a 15 000 ton displacement, carrying the Wehrmacht officers from the Kurland 3600 boiler.

Marinesko did not yet know that Hitler had a rare honor by declaring him - the boat commander, who had sunk the "Wilhelm Gustlov" - an enemy of the Reich and his personal enemy. Of course, there would have been a sea plan buried on the Baltic bottom, which would give a chance for the postponement of the collapse of the “thousand-year-old” Aryan empire.

In Germany, three-day mourning was declared, all members of the Nazi Party and other functionaries put on mourning bands. In the history of the Reich, something similar happened only once - after the death of Paulus 6-th army in Stalingrad.

5 May 1990 The President of the USSR, Mikhail S. Gorbachev, signed a decree awarding the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously to Captain 3 of the rank of Marinesko. How did it happen that his merits were appreciated after almost half a century?

Upon returning to the base, the commander of the "C-13" really presented to the title of Hero. But vigilant personnel officers clutched at his head: “Excuse me, is this the same Marinesco? ..” Envious and ill-wishers, whom the people of such a warehouse as Aleksandr Ivanovich — independent, courageous, going against the circumstances — always in abundance, began to spread gossip about him, that he conceited, drank heavily, etc.

In September of the same victorious year, the Führer’s personal enemy, ordered by the People’s Commissar of the Navy “for omissions in personal behavior,” was demoted to a senior lieutenant, deactivated and sent down to the Tallinn defensive area, commander of a small minesweeper. A few months later he was dismissed from the Armed Forces.

After becoming civil, Marinesko soon shook the term in Kolyma on the absurd accusation of the alleged embezzlement of socialist property that he allegedly committed. Having undermined his health in exhausting sea campaigns and at the Kolyma penal servitude, after his release, Alexander Ivanovich was in dire poverty.

The Soviet state paid a meager pension to the submarine hero, and he lived out his life in a St. Petersburg communal apartment. In 1963, Marinesco passed away. He was a little older than 50 ...

Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union N.G. Kuznetsov prophetically wrote: “History knows many cases when heroic deeds committed on the battlefield remain in the shadows for a long time, and only descendants evaluate them according to merit. It also happens that during the war years major events are not given due importance, reports of them are doubted and evaluated by people much later. Such a fate befell the Baltic submariner A.I. Marinesco.
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  1. anip
    anip 25 July 2013 07: 11
    But only one officer of the Soviet Navy was honored to be declared an enemy of the Reich and his personal enemy ...

    Not true. This is a myth, for some reason invented back in the USSR, which is tirelessly replicated. Marinesco did everything right then, but Hitler did not declare him a personal enemy.
    1. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 25 July 2013 08: 20
      Quote: anip
      But only one officer of the Soviet Navy was honored to be declared an enemy of the Reich and his personal enemy ...

      Not true. This is a myth, for some reason invented back in the USSR, which is tirelessly replicated. Marinesco did everything right then, but Hitler did not declare him a personal enemy.

      That's for sure, the myth is beautiful, but the myth. Since the article is, let's say, not accurate, but beautifully written, patriotic.
    2. bwo
      bwo 25 July 2013 16: 36
      You are absolutely right. Hitler was not particularly worried. The convoy commander was not even demoted. A 123 submarine 21series. Where such information is interesting.
      3700 "white beasts" sailed, went down to the conning tower (30 sailors per boat) and
      go to the Atlantic to sink the allies. It seems that the author lives in the 70s
      years of the last century. For agitprop article just right.
  2. survivor
    survivor 25 July 2013 07: 49
    Be that as it may, he did his work. He drowned the Germans. He returned to the base. Honor him and praise from descendants!
  3. omsbon
    omsbon 25 July 2013 07: 53
    The name of Alexander Marinesco and his "attack of the century" are forever inscribed in the combat chronicle of the fleet!
    1. igordok
      igordok 25 July 2013 09: 01
      Absolutely agree. Audacity second happiness. From the shore, in the water position !!!!
      1. Ulysses
        Ulysses 25 July 2013 12: 21
        Rather, the calculation.
        All the attention of the convoy watch on the sea, where the depths, the path of free departure of submarines.
        Again, against the background of the coast, the boat is less noticeable.
        True, the commander’s nerves should be iron.
        And faith in the crew is limitless.
        1. igordok
          igordok 25 July 2013 12: 41
          One another is not a hindrance. Insolence can be afforded by a professional who has weighed everything.
      2. воронов
        воронов 25 July 2013 22: 43
        Quote: igordok
        Audacity second happiness.

        You can’t win much insolence
  4. velikoros-xnumx
    velikoros-xnumx 25 July 2013 08: 02
    Well done man, OUR. good
    He, like Gagarin, will never be forgotten.
    1. Gari
      Gari 25 July 2013 11: 12
      Quote: velikoros-xnumx
      He, like Gagarin, will never be forgotten.

      Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union N.G. Kuznetsov prophetically wrote: “History knows many cases when heroic deeds committed on the battlefield remain in the shadows for a long time, and only descendants evaluate them according to merit. It also happens that during the war years major events are not given due importance, reports of them are doubted and evaluated by people much later. Such a fate befell the Baltic submariner A.I. Marinesco.
      As everything is right, but when did you remember that?
      And he is a Hero, glory to the Hero!
      1. avt
        avt 25 July 2013 12: 47
        Quote: Gari
        And he is a Hero, glory to the Hero!

        Quote: Ulysses
        Monument to Alexander Marinesco.

        For all his difficult life path, the Hero was still posthumously awarded the rightfully deserved title of Hero of the USSR! But the same Baltic Grishchenko was less fortunate, although his merits may not be so spectacular, but this is no less effective. But he was not given the title of Hero of the USSR ... alas, it is already impossible to fix it!
      2. rodevaan
        rodevaan 26 July 2013 02: 22
        [quote = Gari] [quote = velikoros-88]
        How is everything true, but when did you remember that? [/ Quote]

        - Better late than never! And it’s good that this undeservedly forgotten Hero, even if it’s late, was nevertheless recognized and inscribed in the military glory of our fleet and our people!

        If there were more such people in Russia, there would be much less problems in the country and in life, and for a clear sky above your head without any West-like dermocracy, you can be calm.
    2. Ulysses
      Ulysses 25 July 2013 12: 26
      Monument to Alexander Marinesco.
  5. Aryan
    Aryan 25 July 2013 09: 19
    Quote: anip
    But only one officer of the Soviet Navy was honored to be declared an enemy of the Reich and his personal enemy ...

    Not true. This is a myth, for some reason invented back in the USSR, which is tirelessly replicated. Marinesco did everything right then, but Hitler did not declare him a personal enemy.

    I fully support ...
    Goebel propaganda could not then trumpet the whole Reich about such a terrible event, morality would fall
  6. IRBIS
    IRBIS 25 July 2013 09: 26
    Drowned - a fact. He accomplished a feat - a fact. But it was not declared a "personal enemy", the "attack of the century" was also already invented by our people. The history of the submarine fleet also knows more significant victories of submariners.
    And the whole truth is much more prosaic. "Absurd accusations", "omissions in personal behavior" in reality mean that Marinesco loved to drink. I drank a lot and without waking up. During the war, the commanders still felt sorry for him. Imagine what you had to unlearn in order to be dropped by two steps at once. And think about who could sign the order to demote a senior officer to a senior lieutenant. Exactly so - Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Admiral of the Fleet Kuznetsov. He was a tough guy, but fair.
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 25 July 2013 10: 11
      Explain what there are even more significant victories of submariners, or to drown about 10 thousand enemies, this cat spit.
      1. 77bor1973
        77bor1973 26 July 2013 00: 49
        Nobody took away his victory from Marinesco — that is, that is. Only the expression — the attack of the century — is a feature of the USSR agitprop, because in the Union then not everyone knew about the captain-lieutenant Shubart (A.N.Koreyges), K.L. Gunther Prien (L.K. Royal Oak), Commander Joe Inright (A.N.Sinano).
  7. radio operator
    radio operator 25 July 2013 10: 58
    While still in Soviet school, I wrote an essay about Marinesco.
    Even then, the attitude of the official authorities to him was not clear.
    And this year he was in St. Petersburg at the Theological Cemetery, where the hero was buried.
  8. AK-47
    AK-47 25 July 2013 11: 20
    “This was undoubtedly the biggest disaster in the history of navigation, in comparison with which even the death of the Titanic, which collided with an iceberg in 1912, is nothing.”

    For an hour, "William Gustlov" went to the bottom. Trying to slow down the dive, the captains ordered the lower compartments to be blocked. A stampede began on the ship, which made it difficult to move the crew trying to lower the boats. The sinking liner gave a strong roll, the boat hoists froze to the mechanisms (the temperature dropped to -18 degrees that night), and even one of the few lowered boats fell off the anti-aircraft gun that fell off the sinking ship ... Those who did not get into the boats survive in the icy water of the winter Baltic was impossible.
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 25 July 2013 11: 37
      There is a German feature film, the height of cynicism, the emphasis is on the tragedy of the civilian population, the wounded and the nurse in love, the scoundrel of the SS-ts. In general, snot and tears and the barbarism of Russian "savages"
      1. AK-47
        AK-47 25 July 2013 19: 53
        Quote: Djozz
        There is a German art film, the top of cynicism ...

        If we recall the atrocities of the fascist "wolf packs" that flooded thousands of merchant and passenger ships along with crews and passengers, then the death of "Wilhelm Gustlov" is quite a natural retribution to these subhumans.

      2. rodevaan
        rodevaan 26 July 2013 02: 30
        Quote: Djozz
        In general, snot and tears and barbarism of Russian "savages"

        "Barbarism" of Russian savages ???

        This is still who the barbarians and savages! All this fascist-west-flock of real savage barbarians drowned in the blood and fire of thousands of villages and villages of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia, together with the inhabitants, starved a million Leningraders, launched a huge number of ships and ships, unleashed a terrible war!
        And do these bastards still smear snot?
        Let these subhumans generally say thank you that the good grandfather Stalin did not cut out half of Germany for the fact that fascist hordes worked on our land - although it was worth doing just that in order to treat West-like dullness and cave Russophobia!
  9. Djozz
    Djozz 25 July 2013 11: 27
    All the submarine commanders who fought in the Baltic have to be given the Hero of the USSR, even posthumously to pass through minefields and barriers in the Gulf of Finland under the shelling of batteries and to carry out combat missions, this is a feat. The Germans at this, were weak at the knees.
    1. washi
      washi 25 July 2013 13: 25
      I agree, but it is necessary to punish the entire command of the Baltic and especially the Black Sea Fleet
  10. Gato
    Gato 25 July 2013 11: 45
    Nice article, if not for some "inaccuracies"

    the most powerful English battleship “Royal Oak”
    laughing laughing laughing

    Displacement of 25 thousand tons! Few giants, equal to "Gustlov", plow the ocean open spaces today

    Gee-gee. There were so many then. For example "Queen Mary" (1934, 80 thousand tons, length 310 m)
  11. ymNIK1970
    ymNIK1970 25 July 2013 12: 15
    23 th
    The article should be called how Marinescu drowned Stalin's last hope for a united Germany. This Romanian is the real ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE. And he was made a Hero of the Union. Another ideological diversion of the West and our Zionists. We have a monument to him for a long time. Grandfather Goebbels laughs in hell.
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 25 July 2013 12: 38
      Shaw for nonsense! Get smoked?
    2. RoTTor
      RoTTor 25 July 2013 18: 36
      Do you have health, head bo-bo? Or did they eat a scorched gorilka?
  12. Ulysses
    Ulysses 25 July 2013 12: 41
    Of the ten Baltic submarines of the "S" series, only one survived the war, under the unlucky number "13" and under the command of A. Marinesco.
  13. High speed
    High speed 25 July 2013 12: 55
    I recall that Admiral Isakov, immediately after the war, was given the task (or himself) to determine the most significant attack during the period of hostilities. He was the first to voice the S-13 attack. So, nobody forgot anything. Then there was an agitation of political workers, then added oil to Kron (in old age), an article and an overlay from these materials. In the 80s, on the second page of the Red Star (full page) there was an article with a full analysis of both attacks and Marinesco, links to documents. It would be better if it was reprinted, but not this garbage printed: o (
  14. washi
    washi 25 July 2013 13: 35
    The Führer mortally hated the Soviet military; it was no coincidence that no one was treated as captive with anyone in captivity as they were.
    Adolf respected Stalin, unlike Churchill and Roosevelt, he hated Jews (perhaps teenage complexes (let us all be Jewish), and despised the Soviet military personnel, then some made him treat himself with caution. They were treated cruelly in captivity with all those who retained the Russian ideology of collectivism. Under the tsar — ​​communities, under Stalin — collective farms and labor collectives.
    And now, with the advent of Gorbachev, OUR united people are being decomposed on a national, religious basis
  15. sub307
    sub307 25 July 2013 13: 54
    Yes, the Kriegsmarine was then hit by the "still one" from which he never recovered.
    1. Gato
      Gato 25 July 2013 14: 03
      Quote: sub307
      Yes, the Kriegsmarine was then hit by the "still one" from which he never recovered.

      Don't be ridiculous, as of January 30, 1945, there was practically no one to "recover". Finishing off of the running rats took place.
      1. Djozz
        Djozz 25 July 2013 15: 12
        But the rustle of the submarine of the 21st series, they could have done, mom do not cry.
        1. Gato
          Gato 25 July 2013 17: 05
          Quote: Djozz
          But the rustle of the submarine of the 21st series, could have done

          Could, yes. Although, even if the Germans had managed to put into the sea not 2 boats, but all three hundred - this would not have changed anything.
  16. Djozz
    Djozz 25 July 2013 15: 14
    By the way, snorkel was invented before the 21 series submarines were built.
    1. Alex
      Alex 10 February 2014 19: 59
      Quote: Djozz
      By the way, snorkel was invented before the 21 series submarines were built.
      The first snorkel to use (invented?) Cornelius van Drebbel on his submarine in 1620. True, he did not use it for the operation of diesel engines ( wink ), but for breathing. So the idea, as they say, has been known for a long time, but its specific embodiment is a child of the era.
  17. ed65b
    ed65b 25 July 2013 15: 26
    Germans claim that there were wounded in civilian war and civilian crews of submarines were but untrained cadets. And marinescu is called the greatest war criminal. They demand to review this event as a crime against humanity. So they have a different opinion on this. But no matter how he worked perfectly, and in the conditions of war he did his work for five plus. It’s a pity that the hero’s fate was not enviable.
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 25 July 2013 15: 44
      Fuck them. On the liner there was no designation of the "red cross" sanitary ship, it went in an anti-submarine zigzag with an escort and without lighting trained-untrained, what a difference they are military sailors. The Germans sunk our "Armenia", spitting on the "Red Cross"
      1. ed65b
        ed65b 25 July 2013 18: 49
        Quote: Djozz
        Fuck them. On the liner there was no designation of the "red cross" sanitary ship, it went in an anti-submarine zigzag with an escort and without lighting trained-untrained, what a difference they are military sailors. The Germans sunk our "Armenia", spitting on the "Red Cross"

        Yes, they not only laid down on the red cross, they generally laid down everything and shot, burned, strangled.
    2. rodevaan
      rodevaan 27 July 2013 11: 08
      Quote: ed65b
      Germans claim that there were wounded in civilian war and civilian crews of submarines were but untrained cadets. And marinescu is called the greatest war criminal. They demand to review this event as a crime against humanity. So they have a different opinion on this. But no matter how he worked perfectly, and in the conditions of war he did his work for five plus. It’s a pity that the hero’s fate was not enviable.

      - And can we also recall how this underdeveloped West-fascist beast bombed our ambulance trains? Which were also injured?
  18. RoTTor
    RoTTor 25 July 2013 18: 51
    The Marinesco monument has the same fate as Marinesco himself.
    The highest naval honor was given to Marinesko by his fellow citizens of Odessa: on the wall of the nautical school in which he studied there was (I hope it survived - it has not been in Odessa for a long time) a memorial plaque in honor of Marinesko, where he was named the highest maritime professional title "CAPTAIN OF LONG VOYING" This is from the inhabitants of Odessa, from the bottom of my heart: if I am not mistaken, he managed to receive a "small voyage navigator" before the call to the RKKF.
    As for the awards, two examples: the legendary commander of the Northern Fleet in World War II Arseny Golovko never received the Golden Star of the Hero. Not all Severomorets believe this, for them he is the MOST REAL HERO.
    A familiar ensign in Afghanistan spent the entire term in the award department, returned with three orders. Another warrant officer - a paramedic of the DShB participated in all combat exits, was wounded, sent a presentation to the order, received only "BZ" - "the paramedic could no longer deserve" - ​​was hacked to death by personnel officers and political workers.
    1. воронов
      воронов 25 July 2013 22: 53
      Quote: RoTTor
      The familiar ensign in Afghanistan spent the entire term in the award department and returned with three orders.

      Do not tell tales, there were no warrant officers in the award departments, submissions to state awards were sent to the USSR Ministry of Defense, to Moscow laughing
  19. bya965
    bya965 26 July 2013 06: 41
    Taken from here
    ... in 1949 he was sentenced in a trumped-up case to three years of imprisonment under the article "For squandering socialist property." Until 1951, he had to serve his sentence in the distant Pacific port of Vanino. The Soviet government did not bother to painstakingly understand the circumstances of the case. And the reason for the unfair punishment was a false denunciation that Marinesco allegedly stole six briquettes of pressed peat. As it turned out later, the denunciation was written by a man whom Marinesco prevented from stealing building materials for a summer residence.
    ... Even the appeal to the Central Committee of the CPSU of two hundred officers on the appointment of Marinesco's personal pension did not help. The appeal said: “It cannot be considered fair that such a well-deserved submarine commander found himself in retirement benefits in an immeasurably worse position than officers who did not participate in the war.” But the request was refused. And this at a time when Alexander Ivanovich fatally fell ill with cancer. Even for a good hospital, he "did not have enough experience."
  20. pinecone
    pinecone 26 July 2013 22: 12
    In 1936, Gustlova was shot dead by an anti-fascist Yugoslav.

    Gustlova was shot by a native of Austria-Hungary, a Swiss student, David Franfurter. See
  21. Tempest
    Tempest 26 July 2013 22: 41
    I will also write something. Of all our divers, Marinesco has achieved the greatest success, because The main task of the submariner is to damage the enemy's combat and merchant fleet (merchant is a priority). The destroyed liner did not bear the identification marks of a hospital ship, which means it could be a military transport (more than 100 submarine crews are not military vehicles?) Regarding doubts about " attack of the century. " Someone above wrote about the sinking of the Royal Oak, Koreyjes (he was drowned not by Schubart, but by Schuhart), and Sinano. And let's think about how the sinking of these ships affected the fleets and the combat situation in general? No way! "Koreyges" was sunk in September 1939 - there was practically no war at sea and its loss had no effect on the combat capability of the British Navy. Maybe Royal Oak? Only moral effect! Prien penetrated the heart of the Royal Navy - Scapa Flow and sank the battleship. So what? The British had more than a dozen of them. "Shinano" was remembered - this is generally laughter for those who are in the subject (those who are not in the subject can hang even the thickest noodles). This non-aircraft carrier (floating shed, no more) did not even have a PTZ as such! And an emergency party! He was generally transferred to Sasebo for completion! Let's remember the battleship "Congo" (the only battleship sunk by amerovskim submarines) Grandfather born in 1916 offended amerskie gopnik. And there are no more examples. And Marinesco drowned more than 100 crews of a completely new type of electric boat, which was a breakthrough in submarine construction. So who did the most damage? Shewhart, Prien, Inright?
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 26 July 2013 23: 35
      Quote: Tempest
      it could have been military transport

      Could not, namely, appeared. And not even because there were these submarine crews on board, but because the Germans put on it I don’t remember how many anti-aircraft guns. Armed means a warship and a legitimate target.
      In general, if anyone is interested in facts, and not fiction, jingoistic patriotic literature, read at least an article on Wikipedia. And this "article" is in its pure form an agitation of political education.
    2. kanevsvv
      kanevsvv 10 August 2013 15: 30
      Bravo! Simple, clear and unambiguous.
  22. Stasi
    Stasi 6 October 2013 12: 06
    Marinesco's attack on the Gustlov is really worthy of being called the “attack of the century”, because none of the submariners drowned the transport ship in which there were so many selected crews for the latest submarines. For such a feat, he should have forgiven all sins and appropriated the Hero of the Union. And the fact that the Germans are whining about the barbarity of such an attack - so we should remind them as actively as possible how they bombed our transports with the wounded, women and children on land and at sea, burned our cities and villages along with the population, carried out mass executions of the population and hijacked to forced labor in Germany. We should remind of our prisoners, who died in thousands of diseases, overwork in concentration camps. The Germans should be constantly reminded of all this in response to their lamentations, and not keep silent and repent, as modern liberals do.
  23. Alex
    Alex 10 February 2014 20: 06
    The article, of course, is much, gently speaking, "overly enthusiastic", but that's okay, let the current generation be brought up on their heroes, and not on Terminators and Supermen. As for the assessments of Akaki, EMNIP, the British called it "the attack of the century". And it seems, again, EMNIP, even at one time they studied at the academy. But I don't know for certain, maybe another legend. But all the same, Marinesco is a Hero and master of torpedo attack. It's a pity that fate did not work out.
  24. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 10 July 2014 07: 30
    - comrade commander, this cannot be. Further swamps and swamps. Mariinsky Depression, the ocean !!!!
    - The "tiger" could not go there with its tonnage.

    Being a lover of the Lost Aid Sound game, I was interested in, not the casino in Singapore,

    not a beautiful reenactment of the canals of Venice at the top of a skyscraper on concrete legs, not that the crusaders of Venice wanted to burn Constantinople, and not even that the Wehrmacht's reed that looks like the handballs of Venice.

    Here I thought to myself, and who are you Poseidon? And why are you tagging eggs. And isn't on land a fish sushi?

    The victory of Alexander Ivanovich Marinescu and his luck should serve as an example to any submariner, and, besides, it seems to me that the Captain’s Spirit of the third rank invisibly saves me from tricks of evil souls so that they don’t put me into the gas chamber with my descendants and family.

    What is interesting, so who said that Apollo, the patron of musicians and singers, pue? Douai Trace?

    So is red green or 00,0?

    Here, the main thing about the Simpsons family is not to forget, otherwise Major Quinby will win, you look at the demolition of the house will begin under the new bridge Ivenets - Sydney!