Military Review

The first checker of Russia

31
The first checker of Russia“It always seemed to me disgusting and worthy of contempt, when people are ready to change their beliefs for personal benefit, profit or personal security, and such people are the vast majority ... If there is no repentance of the Russian people, the end of the world is near. God will take away from him all pious things and will send a scourge in the face of unholy, cruel, self-appointed rulers who will flood the whole earth with blood and tears. ” These words were the last in a person’s life, not fully understood historynor by society. But a hundred years ago, 31 in March 1913, the name of this man, the first of the cavalry generals who received the high rank of lieutenant-general after the Russian-Japanese war, was well-known to all of Russian society, because it was Fedor Avgustovich Keller.


Famous for his insane personal courage, interrupting his studies at the cavalry school and becoming free to defend himself alone in the 1877-1878 Russian-Turkish war, being awarded two soldiers by the soldiers of the Balkans in the Balkans, he became the most distinguished cavalry commander in chief of ... army, but also in the armies of all opposing coalitions. It is no coincidence that in April 1913, when the newspapers reported “the highest order” about awarding new general's ranks, after mentioning the name of Lieutenant General Keller, there was a mass of articles with a single name - “The First Checker of Russia”.

A Russian soldier with a German surname, a patriot of the Russian land, like the epic hero of two-meter height with a warrior's face - defender of the Fatherland, Fyodor Avgustovich Keller was considered the best cavalry commander of the Russian army and deservedly, both among the soldiers and in Russian society, received the honorary name “First Checkers” »Russia.

With 1908, fate has bound him forever to the Ukrainian lands and to the mother of the Russian cities, Kiev. And all ten years of service in the Little Russian and Ukrainian lands (Fedor Avgustovich, like many of his contemporaries used the terminology of Little Russia and Ukraine, based on historical and geographical definitions), he remained faithful to the unity of the Motherland and its many peoples.

Being a count, nevertheless with the beginning of the Great European or Second World War (and, as we know World War I, it became only in 1943) remained “the servant of the King, the father of the soldiers”. According to numerous recollections, he was extremely caring for his subordinates, paid constant attention to the soldiers to always be well fed, to watch the careful and caring care of the wounded, which, despite the difficult conditions of war, was set exemplary. While meeting the wounded men being taken out of the battle, everyone asked, soothed and knew how to caress. With simple warriors (lower ranks) was even in circulation, polite and delicate, with senior commanders was dry and not frivolous. They recalled colleagues and another important feature of the general - the preservation of the memory of those who fell in the Battle of Galicia. He demanded not only the performance of all the rituals of honoring at burial, but also created a special system of certification of mass graves and single graves so that, after centuries, the motto “Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten.” Here, only in relation to his memory, everything happened the other way around.

From the first days of the “world war massacre” (and this was the official definition of hostilities in the European theater), he, the commander of the cavalry division, and eventually - the corps, which made transitions-attacks a hundred versts a day, getting off the saddle only to change the exhausted horse - he was an example for all. In the difficult moments of the battles in the Galician fields and in Bukovina, he personally wounded the divisions and regiments to attack, confirming the name of the First Checker, was wounded twice. When Fyodor Avgustovich, "... flaunting a dashing landing," appeared before the regiments in his wolf hat and in the chekmen of the Orenburg Cossack army, according to the recollections of his fellow servicemen: "... it felt like the hearts of the people who adored him ready for the first word of his the wave of the hand rush anywhere and perform miracles of courage and sacrifice. "

Those who fought for the liberation of Bulgaria in the Russian-Turkish war compared Keller with General Skobelev. And the comparison is not accidental - Mikhail Dmitrievich was known for his courage and contempt for death; he always went into battle in the front ranks, standing out because he flew on a white horse and in a white uniform, for which he received the nickname “White General” in the camp of the enemy. The name of General Skobelev tried to erase from history, demolishing monuments and deleting the "white general" from textbooks. It did not work, especially since in Bulgaria all these years the name of Skobelev was holy, holy and remained, but Keller’s name ...

In the very first battles, starting from August 1914, the soldiers of his division as part of Brusilov’s army captured cities and villages of the Galician fields with swift cavalry attacks, covered the Austro-Hungarian units and were the most formidable opponents for the regiments of the praised Hungarian hussars. The fame of the exploits of Keller’s Cossacks was so well known and honored that his divisions were transferred from the flank to the flank of the South-Western (another name is Galician) front. Then his soldiers took a cavalry cast into Austro-Hungarian ticks from Galich, then stormed the Yavorov, and then were transferred to the Dniester and captured one by one the cities of Bukovina - Khotyn, Chernivtsi, Zastavna.

As a small photo exhibition to confirm the above, I will cite a few more photographs from the above-mentioned photo album, for they are indisputable witnesses of the courage and fatherly care of the hero-general.

The 1917 has arrived. He came pleasantly and inspired - Russian troops hold Transnistria, they have the strength to fight and fight. Joyful news passed through the corps - on January 15, their beloved “popular Cossack general” was promoted to cavalry generals, which was equal to the modern military rank of colonel general. And this joyful news was pleasant both to his cavalrymen, and to the soldiers of the 1's Don and Terek Cossack divisions. It is also nice because in the fall of 1916, the general returned to his home corps from Kharkov, where he was treated after a serious injury.

And in this regard, allow a little historical and patriotic lyrics. Remember, dear reader, the film “Officers”, especially the moment at the end of the film, when a tank who is returning from Moscow with his family is blocking the road ... There is a column tanks, the battalion commander jumps out of the host machine with an unintelligible question and with sincere regret asks the general whether he leaves the division and is transferred to Moscow. Recalled. And as General Alexei Trofimov (actor Georgy Yumatov) angrily pronounces, so that he doesn’t stop the movement and follow the training ground, or not, there will be a guardhouse. And only the answer of Lyubasha Trofimova (actress Alina Pokrovskaya) reassures the battalion commander, climbing onto the tank with the words: “Remains! ... Plant for at least ten days, the main thing is that you are with us. ” And as a general, hiding his feelings, he salutes the passing armored column.

So, they really loved the troops of Fyodor Avgustovich, a general from God, and he loved his soldiers, his Fatherland, his faith in the Victory. But ... February-1917 has come, and with it the agony of Russia.

16 March 1917, the celebrated general gave the last order to the regiments of the 3 Cavalry Corps: “By today's order I am dismissed from the command of the glorious 3 Cavalry Corps. Forgive all dear comrades, gentlemen generals, officers, Cossacks, dragoons, lancers, hussars, gunners, self-propelled gunners, arrows and all those serving in the ranks of this valiant fighting corps! We experienced together and grief and joy, buried our dear dead, who laid down their lives for the Faith, the Tsar and the Fatherland, rejoiced at the success achieved with GOD through repeated successes over the enemies. Not once were themselves injured and suffered from wounds. We are close to you. Warm thanks to all of you for your trust in me, for your love, for your constant courage and blind obedience in difficult moments of battle. May God grant you the strength to continue to serve also honestly and faithfully to your Homeland, constant good luck and happiness. Do not forget your old and firmly loving corps commander. Remember what he taught you. God help you. ”

It is the hardest time for a combat general who hid a sword in the sheath, in the literal and figurative sense, and departed to his family in Kharkov. But again, the fighting experience of a brave cavalryman was in demand when Petliurists attacked the capital of the “Ukrainian State”, and on November 5, the 1918, the general accepts the offer of a bewildered Hetman Skoropadsky, his former front-line comrade, to become commander-in-chief with all civil authorities under his command at the same time. In fact, it was Fyodor Avgustovich who became head of state, and his powers were higher than those of the hetman. Keller's authority was so great, both in the military and in “Kiev society” that Skoropadsky was frightened and, under a false pretext, on November 13 removed the legendary cavalryman from the post of commander-in-chief. For a military general, such actions of the hetman became a complete surprise - he was not a politician and did not understand how to sacrifice the interests of the state and the power for personal ambitions.

The military cavalryman was hidden under "house arrest", preventing him from leaving Kiev, fearing that he would move south or north, to the place where parts of the White Guard were formed. Moreover, with the arrival of the "blue-guard" of Petliura, he and two faithful adjutants were imprisoned in the St. Michael's Golden-domed Cathedral. The black day of 21 came on December 1918, when Keller and his adjutants, Colonels Panteleev and Ivanov, were taken to Lukyanovskaya prison as arrested "enemies of Petliura" ... Konovalets, who feared Keller, even captives. From the monastery, they, not resisting, going voluntarily, were led not to Bolshaya Zhytomyr to go to Lukyanovka, but to Sofia Square. When they reached the monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky, a convoy going behind the back started shooting Russian military officers with shots in the back. Despite numerous shots and hits (only one Keller counted 11 gunshot wounds), they were not killed immediately, but brutally hacked with swords. Around the monument of the “Unifier of Ukraine and Russia” the snow was covered in blood ...

Historians and literary scholars are still arguing whether the Bulgakov images of Colonel Felix Nai-Turs from the White Guard and Alexei Turbin from the Days of Turbins are a restoration of the good name of General Keller, or is it just fiction.

Historians also argue about the exact burial place of the famous general associates. According to documents and studies of the military way and the tragic demise of the “First Checkers of Russia”, General Keller and his two adjutants were buried at the cemetery of the Pokrovsky nunnery. And the only confirmation of this fact is the memories of the Countess Elizabeth Kantakuzin (nee - Speranskaya). But, alas, they do not give an exact answer, because they literally said: “Today’s main news - Ataman Petlyura, once arrested by Kerensky, and then freed by German troops, proclaimed the Ukrainian Socialist Republic and headed the Galician division. Now he goes to Kiev, picking up all kinds of bandits and deserters along the way. The Germans are neutral, so the fighting began between the Red Petliurists and several hundred officers of the former imperial army, which, of course, did not have enough time to form full-fledged units. They are poorly armed, they have only a weak hope that the Allies will come to their aid ... The French consul Enno claimed that the Entente would not allow the penetration of Petliura gangs into Ukraine. An empty concussion ... In the cathedral of St. Vladimir every day they served for the murdered ... Long funeral processions stretched around the city ... People talk about a new weapons - the rays of death. As if they could incapacitate entire regiments ... Kiev lasted a month, thanks to its heroic defenders, there were only a thousand of them, all of them were poorly dressed, equipped, and armed. I had to fight in the 15-20-degree frost, not even having felt boots. They resisted for a month - the 15th army. December 14, Kiev fell ... The hunt for people began, blood flowed again ... On the streets there was a real hunt for officers, they were ruthlessly shot, leaving them lying on the pavements ... General Count Theodor Keller and his two adjutants, Colonels Panteleev and Ivanov, were brutally killed in the time of transfer from one prison to another ... One evening, an unknown woman came and informed us that the Petlyurovsky commandant of Kiev presented an ultimatum, according to which all White Army volunteers had to surrender their weapons within 48 hours and cross cont and on foot go to the Don, where the main forces of the whites. All this was tantamount to a death sentence, since walking more than 100 miles in the snow in the middle of winter was sheer madness. At noon, Kiev was commissioned. Many of our officers in the German zone ... Petlyurov snipers began to shoot soldiers who made their way to the Dnieper ... "

Why Pokrovsky Monastery? The fact is that of the five cemeteries in Kiev of that period - the cemetery of the Pokrovsky Monastery was the closest to the place of the death of the general with his loyal fighting friends. In addition, the Kievans of that time knew perfectly well that Fedor Avgustovich died with the name of the emperor on his lips, and the Pokrovsky monastery was created by Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna Romanova, the wife of the son of Nicholas I, who was expelled from the family, but not from the House of Romanov. Becoming the nun of Anastasia, she founded the Kiev-Pokrovsky Monastery. And those who knew Keller, recalled that he often came there already in 1918, stayed for a long time at the grave of the Grand Duchess, as if apologizing that he had not saved Russia and the royal family.

I will not talk for a long time about my search and research, but, unfortunately, accurate information about the burial place of the general and his companions is still unknown.

According to the assurances of nuns and novices, as well as venerable historians, Fyodor Avgustovich and his comrades could not bury near the Grand Duchess or at the cemetery near the cemetery, was not supposed to be.

The only possible burial site could be a cemetery at the monastery, but the terrible hard times completely destroyed it - there were only two graves topped with tubular crosses.

It was necessary for me, as for an axiom, to adopt the version of the burial of the general from cavalry, the First Checkers of Russia by Fyodor Avgustovich Keller here, immediately behind the fence of the former cemetery - now the apple orchard.

The general saw the collapse and destruction of Russia, but he did not see the “Final Exodus” and did not recognize the suffering in a foreign land, did not recognize Gallipoli, Bizerte’s thirst, Prague’s contempt and Belgrade pity.

Keller's name is returning stories today, not immediately, not in full, but returns. And one of the echoes is the poem of the poet of the times of the Russian emigration of the “second wave” Peter Nikolaevich Shabelsky-Bork. It is worth giving a beautiful artistic description of the tragedy that took place ten years after the murder:

When Kiev gold-domed
Suddenly, a wild rampage poured in again,
Count Keller, knight of Russian glory,
He did not seek escape.

He rejected all offers
He did not take off his hats or shoulder straps:
"I went to battle hundreds of times
And he saw death, ”he replied.

Well, could he remove the victorious cross,
What should always be on it
To part with the cap of the reserve,
He presented to him by the King? ..

Murderous gang killers
They broke into a peaceful monastery.
He went out to meet them boldly,
Epic Russian hero.

Accompanied by villains
Count left the last shelter.
With him - the noble Panteleev
And the faithful captain Ivanov.

Around night reigned mute.
Covered in white veil,
A horse over the precipice heaving,
Stood Khmelnitsky, as alive.

Visually to the beloved motherland,
At the time of the rampant dark forces
He is about the One - Indivisible
In contrast, he spoke.

Morning shimmered. Trail bloody
Alela on snow silver ...
So died knight Russian glory
With the last thought of the king.


Alas, after the Second World War, both the poetic work itself and the very name of the poet were erased from history. And the reason was quite compelling - active cooperation with the Nazis and the flight to Argentina in the spring of 1945. Well, even patriotic Russian emigration did not forgive traitors. And the verse was written in 1928, and I believe that the return of the work itself in the restoration of Keller’s memory is possible.
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  1. omsbon
    omsbon 25 July 2013 07: 35 New
    14
    A Russian soldier with a German surname, a patriot of the Russian land, like the epic hero of two-meter height with a warrior's face - defender of the Fatherland, Fyodor Avgustovich Keller was considered the best cavalry commander of the Russian army and deservedly, both among the soldiers and in Russian society, received the honorary name “First Checkers” »Russia.

    Another, almost forgotten, name of one of the glorious sons of Russia.
    1. Apologet.Ru
      Apologet.Ru 26 July 2013 10: 47 New
      0
      hi
      Instead of shooting all kinds of meaningless series, you need to make films about such people - the faithful sons of their Fatherland and role models, and not cultivate the ravings of pop music, shopping, cooks and other garbage for the brain. Almost only one biography of such a person is already a ready-made script for an exciting film ...
      1. valerii41
        valerii41 30 July 2013 19: 51 New
        -1
        Go to the Wikipedia, the Armenians of Russia The Armenians of Moscow and similar topics it clearly spells out which film companies to whom belong
  2. creak
    creak 25 July 2013 08: 50 New
    12
    Thanks to the author for a balanced and competent article about another real Russian soldier. Incidentally, he was one of the few Russian generals who refused to swear allegiance to the Provisional Government. The first place for him was always loyalty to military duty.
  3. kapitan281271
    kapitan281271 25 July 2013 08: 57 New
    -13
    hate red freaks
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 25 July 2013 19: 43 New
      0
      kapitan281271 "hate red freaks"
      What, resentment for the uncle of the duke gnaws?
    2. fedot.uncle
      fedot.uncle 4 August 2013 15: 35 New
      0
      And then the red ones? The general was killed by the o-Natsiks who rule today in Ukraine. And the Soviet saboteur Sudoplatov took revenge on General Keller. He blew up the same Konovalets who stole Keller’s St. George’s saber and gave it to Petliura.
  4. Yashka Gorobets
    Yashka Gorobets 25 July 2013 09: 11 New
    +4
    Galitsai are only in the back and can shoot.
  5. Boris55
    Boris55 25 July 2013 10: 10 New
    -3
    Civil War Generals:
    The video is dedicated to the heroes of the martyrs of the Civil War - the White Generals.
    They fought for the Motherland, for faith, for the king, for the Fatherland!
    Music and song - group "White Guard", Zoya Yashchenko.
    Images from films: "Admiral", "Death of the Empire", "Quiet Flows the Don", "Romanovs".

    1. soldat1945
      soldat1945 25 July 2013 14: 41 New
      +7
      The White Guard did not fight for the tsar, the goal was to convene a constituent assembly, after which the Russian state system was to be decided and the moron didn’t even try to save the idiot, and the military failures in World War I were mainly on his conscience! And the military, the front commanders, were the first to ask the fool to recant. Yes, and Kolchak proclaimed himself the supreme ruler! No need to romanticize highly controversial personalities.
      1. lexe
        lexe 25 July 2013 15: 13 New
        -4
        and they didn’t even try to save the moron Nikolas, and the military failures in World War I were mainly on his conscience! And the military, the front commanders, were the first to ask the fool to recant.

        What are such failures?
        Let it be known to you that all the failures are precisely on the conscience of those generals who understood that if there was a victory right away, it would not be possible to remove the king.
        The encirclement of the Russian army in 1914. And if we immediately went on a break from 1914? Would there be a massacre of the French and Germans the following years? -No. But the Germans and the French drank their blood to the fullest. The Germans knew, and in the east are dumb bears .. . Then they are heated laughing
        And "" gave Russia 50 million Russian rubles before the war. At the same time, it was actively developing industry. And this war did not deplete us but the West!
        The Russian generals waged a worthy war in which we would have won anyway. (The Entente still had an advantage). And the generals wanted both victory and a new system. They were not politicians and, as a result, set Russia up. And they lost the civil because they did not hang out the slogan peasant tsar. What I personally really regret. Instead of the middle class under the Russian banner, we got the middle class under the Soviet with much worse conditions.
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 25 July 2013 19: 42 New
          +4
          Lexey "Instead of the middle class under the Russian banner, we got the middle class under the Soviet with much worse conditions."
          Well, you probably would have become a graph. Or a prince? Would the middle class get? And what would be in chocolate? Hehe ... I doubt it. If personally your ancestors are not nobles and not rich, then the communists pulled your ancestors by the ears from shit, educated, provided medical support, etc. It amazes me that when people talk about those times, people think from the perspective of today. And they think that they would be attributed to the elite of society. WHY DO YOU THINK SO? And what would one creator know under the tsar’s priest ... What would ... be Yes yes ...
          1. lexe
            lexe 26 July 2013 07: 50 New
            -1
            You have people raving with a red idea complex-class.
            Frustrated, all of the peasants.
            THAT THEY WOULD BE ACCORDED TO THE ELITE OF THE SOCIETY. WHY DO YOU THINK SO? And what would one creator know under the tsar’s priest ... What would ... be Yes yes ...

            To keep it to myself, I meant the middle class and not the elite. And the middle class is the engineers of an industrial society and it doesn’t matter capitalist (Roosevelt) or communist (Stalin).
            And part of the nomenclature and under the USSR lived no worse than princes.
            I'm not interested in the elite at all - she will always fatten in any system.
            Well, how did Sikorsky, an engineer-inventor, help the Motherland during the Second World War? -No. All of them kick in the ass.
            And about education and medicine, you drop these tales, and with the kings, the result would be no worse. The bias in education is not an indicator at all. Example USA.
            Progress is not made by millions of trained good men, but by single geniuses. Communism or capitalism does not affect the number of geniuses. Capitalism is quite capable of giving primary and secondary education and identifying the genius who is the creator of progress. That's only would with kings the number of high schools would more! Will you argue with that too?
            Yes, there engineers ... skilled workers under the tsar received more.
            So China has learned not only and not so much the USSR, but the Russian Empire. China will not do all the good. But it will strive to feed, put on, put on clothes.
            1. Nagaibak
              Nagaibak 26 July 2013 20: 10 New
              +2
              Lexi "Capitalism is quite capable of giving primary and secondary education and identifying the genius-creator of progress. If only there would be more secondary schools with kings! Will you argue with that too?"
              I see no reason to argue with you about nonexistent. Maybe you have a plan of the tsarist government to eliminate illiteracy and improve the education level of the Russian and not only the people? It would be about identity! You yourself are not funny?
              tokens. "An example of the USA." Regarding education, this is not a good example hehe ... do you want to read comics? Legends about their stupidity are numerous and need no comment. Elite educational institutions are another matter.
              Lexi "You have people raving with the red idea complex-class.
              I’ll disappoint all of the peasants "You rave about me so much. No matter how wonderful education would have been under the tsars ... heh heh .. Nobody would have guaranteed anything to your workers and peasants. Their level is 3 classes of a parish school and then if you were lucky hehe ... This is the reality of that time hehe .. although you can and dream .... Those who received a decent education as peasants, achieved this through hard and hard work.
              1. lexe
                lexe 26 July 2013 22: 01 New
                0
                Those who received a worthy education as peasants, achieved this through hard and hard work.

                So are you a freebie supporter? laughing
                My distant ancestor served under the king for 25 years. After he received lifting horses, several horses.
                And the green light! For children and grandchildren, learning and doing whatever. The social elevator is there.
                So the ancestors of the peasants in 99,9%. The only question is in what century and when the plow was discarded.
                And the kings constantly expanded the social elevator. The generals in 1917 only wanted to speed up this process, the creation of a freight social elevator.
                But in a war ... it is fraught.
                And then look at how the British die at the birth of the heir to the throne ...- I envy them for the good. The main mission of the monarch is to unite the people in the fateful hours, and other people can solve current economic issues.
                Do you want to read comics? Legends about their stupidity are numerous and need no comment. Elite educational institutions are another matter.

                Well, and who now owns the world? Of course, comics are too much. But imagine if the citizens of the USSR had a truncated geography laughing Would emigration be so massive? laughing
                So education is the same mass opium for the people, and only those who have a penchant for planting opium on it are needed.
                And everyone else, a happy life with large families.
                In terms of economic growth, Russia under Tsar Nicholas 2 was the leader of the world! And you think that in a strong economic country you couldn’t even think about the general and average? About electrification? About industrial plans in the east of the country? -You my friend raving hehe. There would be problems with the higher one, because there, too, hard and hard work is needed.
                But we got hoisted again ... but already on the tower.
                1. Nagaibak
                  Nagaibak 27 July 2013 20: 24 New
                  -1
                  leksey "In terms of economic growth, Russia under Tsar Nicholas 2 was the leader of the world! And you think that in a strong economic country you couldn’t even think about universal and average? About electrification? About industrial plans in the east of the country? -you my friend raving about heh. "
                  I say dreaming is not harmful. An example in the studio hehe ... Where are these plans? If not, there’s nothing to talk about. Ah, surely some..hehe..experienced users had thoughts. That's all.
                  1. Yoshkin Kot
                    Yoshkin Kot 3 August 2013 18: 02 New
                    0
                    old myth, what do you think from what "zashashniks" did the Bolsheviks pull out a goerlo plan?
                2. Marek Rozny
                  Marek Rozny 30 July 2013 23: 21 New
                  0
                  Quote: Lexi
                  In terms of economic growth, Russia under Tsar Nicholas 2 was the leader of the world!

                  It is often said that before Nicholas, Russia occupied the 5th (or 6th) place in the world in terms of GDP before the First World War. Only sorry, then by and large, there were so many large countries)))) The British Empire, the German Empire, France with its colonies, the United States and China. Well, plus Portugal with its colonies, Italy and other "second class" empires. The whole ball was divided between them. This is now to be the 5th in the list of world powers - cool, considering that there are more than 200 countries in the world. And at the beginning of the 20th century, being 5-6th in the world is a completely different matter.

                  In addition, tsarism was not going to educate the Russian peasant. There was something discussed in the Duma on this subject, but in reality they did not lift a finger. In 1917, the entire "elite" was kicked out of the country (whom they did not bang) for the fact that for centuries the Romanov companions treated the simple Vanka as cattle, a slave and cattle.
                  Oh, how cold I feel about communist ideas, but if you compare what kind of power was closer to the people, then definitely - the Bolsheviks, not the Romanovs.
                  1. Yoshkin Kot
                    Yoshkin Kot 3 August 2013 18: 05 New
                    -1
                    Bolsheviks closer to the people ???? forms? Dzerzhinsky, Peters? Rosenfelds? other brackets ??? Let me know which people ???? really to Russian ??? are you not mistaken ???? why then did the Bolshevik dictatorship put on Latvian bayonets? on foreign cheons? Chinese then-guest workers ??? yes prisoners of war Germans and Austrians ??? Or do you think the Ulyanov family friend Kerensky was Russian?
          2. Yoshkin Kot
            Yoshkin Kot 3 August 2013 18: 00 New
            0
            no, he’s probably a relative of the 5 Russian peasants who died of starvation in the Volga region only because the foreign chons had scooped up all the grain stocks that had been accumulated since the tsar’s times in case of crop failure in “risky farming zones”
        2. soldat1945
          soldat1945 26 July 2013 10: 03 New
          -1
          You forgot that Nikolas was the commander in chief, and he himself appointed these generals!
          1. lexe
            lexe 26 July 2013 12: 23 New
            -1
            But Suvorov cheated on the monarchy? -No. on the contrary, even ... suppressed riots in a new-color revolution.
            1937 we already had the results known.
            So almost all of the generals ... and from whom to appoint? And what with the saber is bald? So they went with the staff saber in 1941.
            barely.
      2. Yoshkin Kot
        Yoshkin Kot 3 August 2013 17: 57 New
        -1
        nonsense, there were monarchists, and to whom nicholas, to the Sovereign, to whom to defend the Motherland, to whom the silver pieces from the Germans beg
  6. Yarbay
    Yarbay 25 July 2013 11: 24 New
    +8
    Lieutenant-General A. I. Denikin noted in his Essays on Russian Troubles:
    “For many, it seems surprising and incomprehensible that the collapse of the age-old monarchical system did not cause among the army brought up in its traditions, not only struggle, but even individual outbreaks. That the army did not create its Vendée ... I know only three episodes of sharp protest: the movement of General Ivanov’s detachment to Tsarskoye Selo, organized by the Headquarters in the first days of unrest in Petrograd, was made very ineptly and was soon canceled, and two telegrams sent to the emperor by the commanders of the 3rd cavalry and the guards horse corps, Count Keller and Khan of Nakhichevan. Both of them offered themselves and their troops at the disposal of the sovereign to suppress the "rebellion"
  7. Marat
    Marat 25 July 2013 11: 34 New
    +8
    it was, in my opinion, the only Russian general who spoke out against the abdication of Nicholas2 and offered him his help in crushing the uprising. Keller remained faithful to his military duty, unlike all the Commander-in-Chief's fronts. If he was in place of General Alekseev, the Russian people I would not have to experience the turmoil into which the Provisional Government and the Bolsheviks plunged him.
    1. xan
      xan 25 July 2013 12: 31 New
      +2
      Quote: Marat
      it was, in my opinion, the only Russian general who spoke out against the abdication of Nicholas2 and offered him his help in crushing the uprising. Keller remained faithful to his military duty to the end, unlike all the Commanders-in-Chief of the fronts.

      it was necessary to seriously fight, and not to chew snot, with tightening the screws in the rear, and with the ships at the front. Then there would be much more supporters of the monarchy. How was it to behave that even guards officers brought up on monarchical traditions began to call the Tsarskoye Selo gopher?
      1. Marat
        Marat 26 July 2013 23: 52 New
        0
        Russia was one step away from victory in that terrible war, and the outcome itself could have been decided without the Western “allies” in April 17. The generals could not understand this, but nevertheless they did not support the tsar with all subsequent events
      2. Yoshkin Kot
        Yoshkin Kot 3 August 2013 18: 09 New
        -1
        "monarchist guardsmen" by that time already lay in the damp earth, having fallen defending the Homeland, and these, these new call, for falling asleep to go to the front, propagandized by burry agitators
    2. Yarbay
      Yarbay 25 July 2013 12: 44 New
      +8
      Quote: Marat
      it was, in my opinion, the only Russian general who spoke out against the abdication of Nicholas2 and offered him his help in crushing the uprising

      He and General Huseyn Khan of Nakhichevan!
      From a telegram to the Sovereign
      Information about major events has come down to us. I ask you not to refuse to cast at the footsteps of His Majesty the boundless devotion to the guards cavalry and the willingness to die for your adored Monarch. Adjutant General Khan-Nakhichevan. No. 277, March 03, 1917

      However, Adjutant General Alekseev did not transmit the telegram to the emperor.
  8. washi
    washi 25 July 2013 14: 03 New
    +1
    What nonsense.
    On March 16, 1917, the illustrious general gave the last order to the regiments of the 3rd cavalry corps: “By today's order I have been expelled from command of the glorious 3rd cavalry corps. Farewell to all dear comrades, gentlemen generals, officers, Cossacks, dragoons, lancers, hussars, artillerymen, scooters, gunners and all those serving in the ranks of this valiant fighting corps!
    Who gave the order? Wanted to sit out, or just faded? Russian warrior with a German surname,
    In difficult moments of the battles in the Galician fields and in Bukovina, he, confirming the name of the First Drafts, personally led divisions and regiments into attacks, was wounded twice.
    Yeah, on the cones against the machine guns. Poor horsemen, as well as their riders. How the attack of the Cavalry (tanks) on prepared positions ends is well shown both in films and in memoirs. Both Russian and German troops.
    On November 5, 1918, the general accepts the offer of the bewildered hetman Skoropadsky, to become commander-in-chief of the troops with the simultaneous submission to him of all civil authorities. In fact, it was Fedor Augustovich who became the head of state, and his powers were higher than that of the hetman. Keller’s authority was so enormous both in the army and in “Kiev society” that Skoropadsky was frightened and, on a far-fetched pretext, on November 13 removed the legendary cavalryman from the post of commander in chief. For the military general, such actions of the hetman were a complete surprise - he was not a politician and did not understand how to sacrifice the interests of the state and the state for personal ambitions.
    Again, as young people say, yeah, of course. He did not take the oath, was not obliged to take all measures to preserve a united Russia. Moreover, all power is with him.
    The Germans are neutral, so that the fighting between red Petliurists and several hundred officers of the former imperial army, which, of course, did not have enough time to form full-fledged units.
    Red Petliurists? This is not even mentioned in modern history. Petliura is an end independence activist. But red?
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 25 July 2013 15: 51 New
      +2
      Quote: Vasya
      . In fact, it was Fedor Augustovich who became the head of state, and his powers were higher than that of the hetman.

      Honestly, I didn’t get it either!
      How could he have been removed from office if he had more authority than the hetman!
      Having become the head of state, he surely took the oath !!
      1. RoTTor
        RoTTor 25 July 2013 18: 13 New
        +3
        Bulgakov in the White Guard very accurately described this .... Skoropadsky. The heredity of this operetnoy hetman was worthless - a traitor to a traitor
    2. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 25 July 2013 19: 33 New
      +2
      Vasya "Yeah, on the cones against machine guns. Poor horsemen, as well as their riders. How the attack of the Cavalry (tanks) on the prepared positions ends well in films and memoirs. Both Russian and German troops."
      I do not agree with this thesis. There were not always huge losses. On the contrary, mainly horse attacks ended in success. Kersnovsky shows statistics of horse attacks and their results. And talking about horse-drawn riding is not serious. By the way, I first heard from you about German horse attacks on our infantry. Maybe enlighten?
      1. Marat
        Marat 26 July 2013 23: 55 New
        0
        That's right. For example, read Quiet Flows the Don.
  9. stroporez
    stroporez 25 July 2013 14: 36 New
    +3
    which of the current biographies is such as to even become near ?????????? and not to become, and so --- be designated ????????
  10. RoTTor
    RoTTor 25 July 2013 18: 11 New
    0
    The difference between the personnel policy of the Russian army and the Soviet is obvious: in the Khrushchev-Brezhnev-Gorbachev era, even the best officer with a German, Jewish, Estonian, etc. "non-title" name and company would not.
    Therefore, about ... whether the Union in 1991, without moving his fingers and not remembering the oath.

    My grandmother was illiterate and survived three dozens of all kinds of authorities in Ukraine in the Civil; from Germans to Poles. So, since then the most terrible curse she had was "loop !!!"

    No commtnt! - The voice of the people - The voice of God!
    1. kanevsvv
      kanevsvv 10 August 2013 14: 44 New
      0
      I also heard such an option from some grandmother in the market when I didn’t quite approve of her apples: “Ooh, loop, no bottom for you, no tire!”
  11. AK-47
    AK-47 25 July 2013 19: 00 New
    +1
    A Russian soldier with a German surname, a patriot of the Russian land, like the epic hero of two-meter height with a warrior's face - defender of the Fatherland, Fyodor Avgustovich Keller was considered the best cavalry commander of the Russian army and deservedly, both among the soldiers and in Russian society, received the honorary name “First Checkers” »Russia.

    General Keller was the only military leader who did not support the February coup and offered the king entrusted troops to suppress the rebellion. “I am a Christian, and I think it’s a sin to change the oath!”, With these words he remained loyal to the Sovereign, the style of the message sent to Stavka is unusual for official documents of that time: “The Third Horse Corps does not believe that You, Sovereign, have voluntarily renounced throne. Command, King, we will come and protect you! "
  12. Black
    Black 25 July 2013 21: 55 New
    +2
    “It always seemed disgusting and worthy of contempt when people are ready to change their beliefs for personal good, profit or personal security, and such people are the vast majority ... If there is no repentance from the Russian people, the end of the world is near. “God will take away everything pious from him and send a scourge in the person of wicked, cruel, self-appointed rulers who will flood the whole earth with blood and tears.”
    The count seemed to be looking ahead for decades!
  13. GUSAR
    GUSAR 25 July 2013 22: 05 New
    +3
    The Russia we lost ...
  14. Tver
    Tver 25 July 2013 22: 45 New
    +2
    He was a glorious general. There were many good commanders in Russia and he is among the best! And what is especially valuable - he was a Christian. From here he has the gift of prophecy: "he will send a scourge in the face of wicked, cruel, self-appointed rulers who will flood the whole earth with blood and tears." This definition applies to all "Russian" rulers in the twentieth century
  15. Marat
    Marat 30 July 2013 11: 51 New
    +1
    Quote: kapitan281271
    hate red freaks

    In this war, everyone was scarlet.
  16. kanevsvv
    kanevsvv 10 August 2013 14: 34 New
    0
    Quote: Marek Rozny

    Oh, how cold I feel about communist ideas, but if you compare what kind of power was closer to the people, then definitely - the Bolsheviks, not the Romanovs.

    Definitely. And the overwhelming majority understood and accepted this power. If this were not so, it would be impossible to raise and maintain sovereignty from ruin.