Military Review

Almost half a century ago, the Strategic Missile Forces adopted a two-stage rocket R-9A

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Almost half a century ago, the Strategic Missile Forces adopted a two-stage rocket R-9A

July 21 1965, according to the results of the third stage of the flight tests of the Strategic Missile Forces, adopted a two-stage rocket R-9А with a range of up to 12 500 km. The rocket was developed by Sergey Pavlovich Korolev Design Bureau and equipped with a 5 megaton single-block nuclear warhead.


The rocket weight at the start was 80,4 tons. The high-precision radio system for controlling the flight range and lateral movement of the center of mass provided for prediction of the point of incidence of the head section and its deviation from the target. The missile could be launched from both ground and mine (“Dvina” - the first sample of a secure silo) launch positions with grouped launchers.

For the first time in domestic systems, the missile test equipment could produce automatic control of most of the parameters of the control system. For the first time, it was decided to use supercooled liquid oxygen as an oxidizer in the rocket, which made it possible to reduce the total preparation time of the rocket for launch and to increase its combat readiness.

Also in its design was first used developed by the scientific school of Professor B.I. Nazarov (Dzerzhinsky Military Academy) the principle of forced acceleration of gyroscopes, which made it possible to significantly reduce the preparation time of the missile control system for launch.

To ensure the sustainability of the rocket flight, angular velocity sensors were first used in the angular stabilization system.

The chairman of the State Testing Committee of the complex was Lieutenant-General A.I. Semenov. By adopting the P-9A rocket, the first generation of strategic missile systems was completed. A characteristic feature of this generation was the ability to solve strategic tasks in continental (European, Middle Eastern and other) and intercontinental (overseas) theaters of military operations.

According to open sources, the maximum number of missiles that were in service with the RVSN was 29. The last P-9A complex was decommissioned in 1976 year.
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  1. patline
    patline 21 July 2013 17: 21 New
    +4
    Happy anniversary!!!
  2. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 21 July 2013 17: 23 New
    +5
    Only the country was restored and such things were built, but there was already time .. a breakthrough in technology .. (20 years have passed since the victory)
  3. const72
    const72 21 July 2013 18: 21 New
    +1
    Well, yes, to Serdyukovs, they were born, there was no one to steal
  4. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 21 July 2013 18: 40 New
    +4
    I did not begin to puzzle my colleagues on the site with questions, I searched for it myself and spread it:
    A combined control system was installed on the rocket, which had an inertial system and a radio correction channel. Her instruments were located in the inter-tank compartment. The circular probable deviation of the point of incidence of warheads when firing at a range of more than 12000 km when using the radio channel was 1,6 km. Over time, the radio engineering subsystem was abandoned, while the CVO somewhat worsened. For the R-9A, two versions of monoblock thermonuclear warheads were developed: the standard "light" and "heavy" ones. The regular "light" had a power of 1,65 Mt, with it a range of 14000 km was achieved. The “heavy” warhead had a capacity of 2,5 Mt and could be delivered to a distance of 12500 km.

    http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/r-9a/r-9a.shtml

    Khrushchev didn’t have such missiles.
    "... Slowly rockets fly away into the distance
    Meet with them you do not wait
    And although America is a little sorry
    The best is of course yet to come! "
  5. common man
    common man 21 July 2013 18: 51 New
    +1
    To ensure the sustainability of the rocket flight, angular velocity sensors were first used in the angular stabilization system.
    And in honor of the anniversary, someone decided to drop the Proton using these sensors. request
  6. Rus2012
    Rus2012 21 July 2013 19: 25 New
    +2
    Who cares -
    Here - http://engine.aviaport.ru/issues/23/page38.html
    and here - http://engine.aviaport.ru/issues/24/page14.html
    first-hand information about the "nine" ...

    Here - http://russianarms.mybb.ru/viewtopic.php?id=924
    statement on the database ... and the fate of the BLB 8775, 8875 with ICBM 8k75
  7. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 21 July 2013 19: 47 New
    +1
    There is a tragic episode in the history of this rocket. On October 24, 1963, a rocket broke out on the launch pad, and 8 people died.
  8. Panikovsky
    Panikovsky 21 July 2013 20: 59 New
    0
    That would have been voiced by Oleg Kaptsov. something for a long time he was gone. missed his articles.
  9. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 22 July 2013 00: 21 New
    0
    One of the first nails in the shield of nuclear deterrence (p and nd about s are still pressed). Happy anniversary!!!
  10. Flash_96
    Flash_96 22 July 2013 00: 34 New
    0
    Do not tell, the country was restored, the last state property is being sold, for people neither medicine, nor food, nor housing is available, nonsense that was restored, do not mock people !!!
  11. Alexanderlaskov
    Alexanderlaskov 22 July 2013 05: 38 New
    +4
    Glorious were the achievements!
  12. individual
    individual 22 July 2013 07: 05 New
    +3
    That was the country!
    These were the people led by the genius of Stalin!
    Modern power dummies are resting.
  13. sub307
    sub307 22 July 2013 09: 28 New
    0
    A good, progressive rocket was for its time.
  14. Suhov
    Suhov 22 July 2013 11: 06 New
    +1
    Mine complex missile R-9A
  15. ded10041948
    ded10041948 22 July 2013 13: 12 New
    0
    A wonderful "toy"! At one time, the Yankes, having received only "stubs" (Penkovsky, TVAR!) Of intelligence information about her, howled. The only huge disadvantage is the cost of the starting position and the complexity of the complex operation. With the current slovenliness, the system would be "banged out" in no time! That generation was significantly more responsible.