Military Review

July 17 - Foundation Day of Naval Aviation of the Russian Navy


17 July 1916, the Russian naval pilots won their first victory. Four M-9 seaplanes flew up into the air over the Baltic Sea from the aircraft carrier Orlitsa.*. Aircraft engaged in battle with 4-mi German aircraft. Victory in that first air battle gave the countdown. stories domestic marine aviation, whose modern tasks include the detection and destruction of enemy submarines, surface ships (mainly aircraft carriers), as well as enemy naval aviation.

We heartily congratulate the naval aviation personnel of the Russian Navy on their professional holiday and wish them and all of us a peaceful sky, fair wind and seven feet under the keel!

* The progenitor of Russian naval aviation M-9 seaplane

July 17 - Foundation Day of Naval Aviation of the Russian Navy

The seaplane was created on the basis of the M-6, M-7 and M-8 prototypes in December 1916, the outstanding Russian designer Grigorovich. Flight tests of the seaplane were conducted at the height of winter in the warm Baku and were successful. M-9 turned out to be a very successful seaplane for both seaworthy and flight qualities. Aviation innovation was perhaps the most famous and most successful brainchild of Grigorovich. At the request of the Marine General Staff for his outstanding creation, the designer was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir 4 degree.

On most seaplanes M-9 (total number about 500 ind.) Installed engines "Salmson" powerful. 150 hp, as an experiment on one of them put "Renault" in 220 hp The net mass of the new aircraft was 1060 kg, but during operation the wood swelled due to dampness, and the device weighed several tens of kilograms. The total combat load varied between 480 and 550 kg. The maximum flight speed is 110 km / h. Practical ceiling - 3 km.

Quite mediocre flight data of the aircraft, in particular in speed, are due to significant frontal resistance of a 9-cylinder star-shaped engine with 2 bulky radiators and the presence of a number of units protruding into the oncoming stream. In a prototype, in order to reduce the oncoming resistance, a cocoa fairing was installed on the engine, but it was not used in mass production. Over time, the M-9 was modernized: radiators, wiring were replaced, and in order to create excess pressure in the fuel tank, the engineers decided to install a chickenpox. This technique has become on navy a real workhorse in the full sense of the word, easy to operate, reliable in operation. During World War I, starting in 1915, the M-9s were based on the Russian air transport vessels Orlitsa, Alexander I, Nikolay I. Cars were located in hangars of 4-5 pieces each and were delivered to the water by a winch.

2-local boat M-9 with excellent seaworthy data made possible the combat use of a seaplane in the open sea. During takeoff and landing, the car freely overcame a wave up to half a meter high. M-9 was used mainly for aerial reconnaissance, during naval patrols, for bombing enemy ships and coastal targets.

Armament seaplane - machine gun "Vickers" (in the front cabin). Sometimes guns "Hotchkiss" or "Oerlikon" were installed on the car. On the M-9 used radio station type "Ruza".

M-9 has its own records. In September, 1916 th on Ya. Nagursky seaplane performed the loop of Nesterov. It was the world's first dead loop with a passenger on board. The record was recorded as a world.

As a combat aircraft, the M-9 was only successful until the Albatross float-mounted hydroplane from the Germans in 1917, which was significantly superior to Russian flying boats in all components.

Unfortunately, with the beginning of the fratricidal distemper in Russia, the opportunities for the modernization of a seaplane were not realized, but, nevertheless, this amazing machine for its time forever went down in history as the ancestor of Russian naval aviation.

Description of the design of the seaplane M-9

The fuselage, the feathered wing and the inter-wing struts of the car were wooden, plywood and canvas sheathed on top, and the wings and tail of the hydroplane were sheathed exclusively on the canvas.

Wingspan, m 16.00
Length, m 9.00
Height, m ​​3.40
Wing area, m2 54.80
Weight, kg
empty 1160 aircraft
normal takeoff 1540
Engine type 1 PD Salmson
Power, hp 1 x 150
Maximum speed, km / h 110
Cruising speed, km / h 98
Duration of flight, ch.min 3.45
Maximum rate of climb, m / min 67
Practical ceiling, m 3000
Crew, people 2
Payload kg 320
Armament: one 7.62-mm machine gun
Combat load - light bombs up to 160 kg on bomb racks under the lower wing.

Cables elevator and steering rudder were outside the flying boat. Ailerons were provided only on the upper wing, their width increased towards the end of the wing, which increased the efficiency of transverse control. The rudder provided compensation in the form of a curved top, which significantly reduced the load on the pilot's foot from pressing the pedals.

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  1. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 17 July 2013 07: 04
    Congratulations! drinks
    1. klimpopov
      klimpopov 17 July 2013 09: 36
      I am joining! Happy holiday men!
      Separate naval fighter aviation regiment named after twice Hero of the Soviet Union B.F. Safonova is the pride not only of the naval aviation of the Northern Fleet, but also of the Air Force of Russia as a whole. This is the only fighter flight division in Russia flying from the deck of an aircraft carrier cruiser. The uniqueness of such a military specialty is evidenced by the fact that today there are fewer representatives of this profession in our country than there are cosmonauts. The pilots of the air regiment, based in the remote garrison of the Arctic, are distinguished by high skill and sincere dedication to their work.
      1. 0251
        0251 17 July 2013 14: 04
        Honor and praise be to you. Happy holiday. Best wishes. We should have had more such aircraft-carrying ships so that they were in all the Fleets of the Russian Federation.
    2. ShturmKGB
      ShturmKGB 17 July 2013 09: 47
      Happy Holidays, we are waiting for "breakthrough" (in technical terms) aircraft carriers in the Russian army!
      1. Dmitry 2246
        Dmitry 2246 17 July 2013 11: 52
        Happy holiday sea pilots. Clear skies, large aircraft carriers.
  2. Strelok20883
    Strelok20883 17 July 2013 07: 19
    Glory to Russia! Happy holiday!
    TSOOBER 17 July 2013 07: 23
    I join in the congratulations!
  4. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 17 July 2013 07: 24
    Clear skies, and so that the number of take-offs is always equal to the number of landings! love
  5. Tersky
    Tersky 17 July 2013 07: 33
    Well with a day, men! drinks ! Full calm during takeoff and landing!
  6. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 17 July 2013 07: 51
    from the Don.
    Happy holiday! I wish the further development of naval aviation!
  7. awg75
    awg75 17 July 2013 07: 59
  8. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 17 July 2013 08: 09
    Happy holiday, Eagles drinks !!!
  9. Zhenya
    Zhenya 17 July 2013 08: 26
    A brand new aircraft carrier would be a gift to them, in honor of the holiday!
    Glory to Orthodox Russia!
    1. 6216390
      6216390 17 July 2013 09: 56
      Quote: Marrying
      A brand new aircraft carrier would be a gift to them

      And not one.
  10. Rus2012
    Rus2012 17 July 2013 08: 50
    ... celebrating the Foundation Day of Naval Aviation, do not forget the glorious pilots who put it on the wing!
    Including the super-tester - "Uncle Zhenya", Lakhmostov Evgeny Aleksandrovich, who raised the famous A-40 and the no less legendary laser A-60 ... not deservedly forgotten by the mighty of this world ... We remember something!
  11. omsbon
    omsbon 17 July 2013 09: 10
    On the day of the founding of Naval Aviation, in addition to standard congratulations, I really want to wish the revival of Naval Aviation in full!
  12. polly
    polly 17 July 2013 09: 51
    Sea pilots are a special flying class!
    They showed themselves at the front.
    Every pilot here is a sea wolf and an ace,
    On three fronts, they beat the fascists!
    Sea pilots! You are the pride of the Air Force!
    Fly without crash in the peaceful blue sky.
    May good luck descend on you from heaven
    This day we will raise a glass for you!
  13. morpogr
    morpogr 17 July 2013 09: 58
    Congratulations on Naval Aviation Day of the Russian Navy! And the number of takeoffs was equal to the number of landings.
  14. George
    George 17 July 2013 10: 09
    Hello all.
    I join in the congratulations.

    Wave is wave, war is war
    Over the Baltic - air battle,
    Remained in the memory of the people
    That battle of the sixteenth year:

    Sea pilots entered
    With enemies in the battle and won.
    An eagle soared above the sea
    And the Russian fleet gained wings.

    Let's give the pilots a standing ovation!
    For naval aviation! drinks drinks drinks
  15. little man
    little man 17 July 2013 10: 27
    Clear skies and seven feet under the keel! wink
  16. Whale
    Whale 17 July 2013 11: 36
    So and only so
  17. dizelniy
    dizelniy 17 July 2013 11: 48
    Let's remember Timur Apakidze, because he died on that very day. Eternal glory to all marine pilots. "Because you love to die is not scary" T.A. Apakidze.
  18. Taoist
    Taoist 17 July 2013 12: 25
    Yes, nostalgia damn it, my professional holiday.

    "The first thing we do is ruin the planes .... But what about the girls? And then the girls ..." drinks
    1. Sea snake
      Sea snake 17 July 2013 15: 22
      Congratulations on your professional holiday! Honor and praise ... the pride of the Air Force!

  19. lawyer
    lawyer 17 July 2013 12: 59
    I congratulate you on the occasion drinks
  20. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 17 July 2013 13: 11
    Happy naval pilots, the elite of the Russian Air Force !!!
  21. andrei332809
    andrei332809 17 July 2013 14: 21
    Ser (vaf) - and you gyde? I love flyers, with a holiday.
    BUT July is my holiday. that's why there is no hype about the fleet. so did not create a year or a month - July MY
  22. screw cutter
    screw cutter 17 July 2013 14: 23
    Happy Holidays! good And so that the number of takeoffs corresponds to the number of landings! drinks
    1. Sea snake
      Sea snake 17 July 2013 15: 26
      I join !!!
  23. dizelniy
    dizelniy 17 July 2013 18: 49
    Not a single channel, not a single word about T.A. Apakidze. Our leaders are successful call those who have a lot of money, without analyzing the methods and sources of their origin. The man who makes up the glory and pride of Russia on the 12th anniversary of his death at a military post did not deserve to be remembered throughout the country. This is a characteristic of our power.
  24. Garrin
    Garrin 17 July 2013 20: 26
    Fly, Guys, Fly, Fly and Fly !!! Learn, fill the cones, the main thing is to LAND ALWAYS AND IN STAFF MODE !!! I am sure you will "have" all these mattresses in "Tail and Mane". I CONGRATULATE YOU GUYS !!!
  25. cahekmosa
    cahekmosa 17 July 2013 20: 33
    sea ​​flyers, HOLIDAY !!! Today is a glass for YOU, well, remember Timur Avtandilovich
  26. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 17 July 2013 22: 12
    1. dizelniy
      dizelniy 17 July 2013 23: 37
      Thanks for the clip. The last frame takes the soul.
  27. cobalt
    cobalt 17 July 2013 22: 28
    I join in the congratulations. Here I’ve found a video about Grigorovich’s seaplanes and other ours. URA MARINE AVIATION !!!
  28. ixsus
    ixsus 17 July 2013 23: 32
    I also join in the congratulations.
  29. Pimply
    Pimply 18 July 2013 01: 44
    My congratulations to the involved