Military Review

Unusual ways to fight tanks

34
Unusual ways to fight tanks



The feat of the Red Army chef Ivan Sereda is widely known. Armed with only a rifle and an ax, he independently captured a German tank with a crew. Hearing the approaching German armored car, Sereda was not at a loss and came up with an original plan for its capture. When the tank stopped, the cook climbed onto the tower and with an ax damaged machine gun trunks, and also closed the viewing slots with a piece of tarpaulin. After that, the resourceful Red Armyman began to loudly give orders to non-existent help and forced the tankers to surrender. This case looks real historical by curiosity, however, similar, somewhat strange, situations were repeated from time to time. Moreover, some unexpected, bold and original ways of dealing with the enemy’s armored vehicles were even recommended in practice.

For example, a few weeks before the feat of Sereda, the headquarters of the North-Western Front issued instructions to combat tanks. In the document signed by Lieutenant General N. Vatutin, among other things, in case of ammunition depletion it was recommended to “harvest mud-clay” and cover up the observation devices of enemy tanks. It is not known how many tank fighter fighters have successfully put into practice this recommendation. Nevertheless, the method of "blinding" the tanks was seriously considered, and in some units of the Red Army special trainings were even conducted. To cover the viewing slots, mainly raincoat tents were used. It is worth noting that this method of combating enemy tanks won certain fame after the Great Patriotic War. For example, in the movie "Maxim Perepelitsa", the main character paralyzed a conditioned enemy tank during exercises in such a way.




A tank with closed observation instruments retains mobility, but can no longer choose its own way. The inquisitive mind of the soldiers and commanders suggested several techniques that completely stopped the car. For example, during the Soviet-Finnish and Second World War, Finnish and British guides offered fighters and crowbars as an anti-tank weapon for the fighters. According to this idea, the soldiers or militia in ambush must wait for the enemy tanks and push iron crowbars, rails or logs into their undercarriage. Getting between the tracks and the track roller, such "weapon"Could block or even damage the propulsion tank. The stationary armored vehicle would then become an easy target for grenades or explosives, and the crew could not do anything, since an attempt to leave the tank would have unfortunate consequences.

Some sources mention the further development of this idea behind the authorship of some British "strategists". This time, the militiamen were advised to carry a rail, a large piece of cloth or blanket, a bucket of gasoline and matches. Fabrics or a blanket, gasoline and matches were required to set the tank on fire: the fabric had to be wound onto a rail, then the tank's chassis was locked, water was poured over with gasoline and set on fire. The use of anti-tank logs by Finnish soldiers has long been a subject of controversy. With regard to the English militia LDV, then, fortunately for volunteers, the Germans did not appear on the shores of Great Britain and did not give the opportunity to test the proposal in practice.

The widespread use of anti-tank guns has led to the appearance of appropriate recommendations for shooters. Together with thicker armor of combat vehicles, advice began to appear firing only on observation devices or other vulnerable parts. In particular, in the summer of 41, German and Soviet armored rifles received an order, according to which it was necessary to shoot at the gun trunks of enemy tanks. It is not difficult to guess how difficult such an accurate shot is. However, if the shooter still managed to get into the gun, the tankers got a lot of problems. At best, they had to solve repair problems. If the crew tried to make a shot from an already damaged gun, then this could result in serious damage to the car, injuries and even the death of tank crews.






The most convenient means of destroying enemy tanks was explosives. However, the delivery of a charge to an armored vehicle became a serious and rather difficult task, complicated by the requirements of suitability for mass production and use and other factors. Thus, in the mid-thirties, in the Soviet Union, an idea emerged to involve dogs in the destruction of pet tanks. It was proposed to teach the dog to look for food under the tank and carry a special backpack with a charge and a fuse. Already during the Great Patriotic War, specially trained dogs destroyed about three hundred tanks (there are different figures in different sources). However, the complexity of the training and the death of dogs during blasting ultimately showed a lack of effectiveness of this technique. In addition, the Germans quickly realized that it was necessary to destroy the dog running to the tank as soon as possible. About a year after the start of the Great Patriotic Dog, tank destroyers stopped being used on fronts.

In other warring countries, attempts were also made to use animals, but man remained the most reliable "means" to destroy any targets. So, starting from a certain time, the fighters of the tanks of the American army began to receive explosives and long poles. It was assumed that with the help of the last soldiers will be able to enclose a charge under the enemy machine from a safe distance. This method looked interesting and promising, but it also had serious drawbacks. The fighter still had to crawl to the enemy tank and put himself at great risk. No less risked German soldiers, armed with a cumulative magnetic mine HHL-3. To install this ammunition required to get to the tank for a minimum distance or let it to him. After that, the soldier had to get up to his full height, attach the mine to the armor of the enemy machine and activate the fuse. By the end of the war in the Pacific, Japan began to arm its tank fighter soldiers with a bag of explosives. They did not care about the security of the fighter, since he had to die for the emperor, at the same time destroying the enemy’s tank.

A common feature of all the above methods of dealing with armored vehicles is their forced nature. Cook I. Sereda had no weapons other than a rifle and an ax, the supply and armament of the British militia left much to be desired, not all Red Army units had a sufficient number of modern anti-tank artillery, and the commanders of the Japanese army did not take losses into account at the end of the war. Being a kind of improvisation, all such non-standard methods for the destruction of tanks were not very convenient for mass use. For example, a method with a rail, cloth and gasoline in most cases could result in the death of fighter fighters. With the correct tactics of using armored vehicles, tankers risked only a few details of their car. The ratio of losses in the use of suicide bombing by Japan is not to be said.

All these specific features of the considered methods of dealing with armored vehicles eventually led to their gradual withering away. The warring countries already in the course of the Second World War began mass production of more effective convenient anti-tank weapons. However, on the way to anti-tank grenade launchers and missile complexes, military science had to do strange and unusual things.

"Instructions for the fight against Russian tanks"

Released in Berlin on July 27 1941, the High Command of the Army. The instructions indicate that she should not fall into the hands of the enemy, but judging by the mark on the transfer, she was captured on November 15, 1941, probably in the area of ​​Volovo station in the Tula region.









On the materials of the sites:
http://otvaga2004.ru/
http://pro-tank.ru/
http://waronline.org/
http://popmech.ru/
http://voennovosti.ru/
Author:
Photos used:
http://gistory.livejournal.com/
34 comments
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  1. KG_patriot_last
    KG_patriot_last 17 July 2013 08: 59 New
    +5
    judging by the fact that even suicide bombers do not rush into tanks with bare hands in Syria, the opposition has enough weapons ...
    1. roma-belij
      roma-belij 17 July 2013 09: 43 New
      +3
      There are enough idiots-assistants from NATO (((
      1. Sea snake
        Sea snake 17 July 2013 17: 37 New
        +4
        Thanks for the interesting article! hi
        I believe that our "hedgehogs" can also be attributed to unusual methods of fighting tanks.

        1. Hudo
          Hudo 17 July 2013 21: 55 New
          +9
          Isn't that also a nice hedgehog
          1. Genady1976
            Genady1976 17 July 2013 22: 11 New
            +2
            good our hedgehog is ours
          2. Starover_Z
            Starover_Z 18 July 2013 01: 16 New
            +1
            Hedgehog out of the fog
            Durg grenade from the pocket ... laughing
  2. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign 17 July 2013 09: 30 New
    0
    Very informative! Thank you for the article. I save to the archiver!
  3. lexe
    lexe 17 July 2013 10: 38 New
    0
    RANETS-ZA.EC laughing
    Every today's utilizer-liberal of tanks is now in Ukraine and Russia on a knapsack!
    And for the emperor! laughing VPK-urgently establish production of knapsacks. Experience must be taken into account laughing
    But seriously ... there was even tank fear. And such examples and instructions raised the morale of the defenders and, on the contrary, lowered the spirit of the Panzerwaffe.
  4. RoadRunner
    RoadRunner 17 July 2013 10: 40 New
    +4
    "... Tank - it looks very formidable,
    But in reality he is deaf and blind ... "

    Very interesting article, thanks to the author.
    1. Aleks tv
      Aleks tv 17 July 2013 13: 43 New
      +4
      Quote: RoadRunner
      "... Tank - it looks very formidable,
      But in reality he is deaf and blind ... "


      Twardowski had the same thing in his head while he was reading the article.
      Humor has always been in the army, although it was scary.
      1. Rjn
        Rjn 19 July 2013 15: 57 New
        0
        it’s blind, you are lying in a ditch, and at the heart of the pendulum, suddenly, as if crushed by a slap, you see nothing.
  5. gansik
    gansik 17 July 2013 10: 57 New
    0
    + to the author! informative
  6. Gato
    Gato 17 July 2013 11: 31 New
    +2
    All these ersatz, presumably, were not from a good life.
    In the Wehrmacht, there were also instructions for combating Soviet heavy tanks: such as take it, a soldier, a bucket of gasoline, run up to the Soviet tank, pour water and set it on fire!
    If you have time ...
    1. il grand casino
      il grand casino 17 July 2013 13: 04 New
      +2
      Yeah. A better watering can. To not pour precious gas by laughing .

      P.S. Article +. I like it. Many documents.
  7. xomaNN
    xomaNN 17 July 2013 12: 18 New
    +2
    It is interesting to look at archive pages with text jumping typewriters. Interesting stuff, thanks!
  8. Alekseev
    Alekseev 17 July 2013 12: 54 New
    +2
    These methods of fighting tanks are commonplace.
    In the textbook of the sergeant-motorized rifle SA, there was also a drawing in which the infantryman, with a cloak-tent, covers the viewing devices of the tank ...
    And this method of "struggle", in general, had the right to life, but, exclusively, with an extremely inadequate use of BTT.
    In reality, it should be something like this: an enemy soldier with an RPG saw from a position in the smoke and dust a vague silhouette of a "combat vehicle" no closer than 300 -400 m.
    Then bang, a club of fire and powder gases appears at the muzzle of a tank gun, or "welding" of a coaxial machine gun.
    Further, as in the song: "flickered well ... with me ... mi, and the ocean calmed down ..."
    Tanks and other BTTs, when used correctly in modern combat (and the years of WWII) should not be too close to the unsuppressed (live) infantry of the enemy! wink
  9. aud13
    aud13 17 July 2013 13: 12 New
    +1
    It is very interesting to appreciate the instructions of the enemy to combat tanks.
    For me, the most interesting thing was how they motivated their soldiers by providing leave.
    If similar methods of motivation were used in the Soviet army, then I admit that there would be much more people willing to destroy them.
    1. Aleks tv
      Aleks tv 17 July 2013 13: 25 New
      0
      Quote: aud13
      how they motivated their soldiers by giving leave.


      Almost taken off the tongue, Victor.
      At one time they wrote.
      wink
  10. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 17 July 2013 13: 22 New
    +2
    It was very interesting to read.
    Thanks to Cyril for the collected material.

    I liked the instruction signed by Lieutenant General Purkayev, just for the fighters, and nothing more.
    And the Germans - meticulous and meticulous, just like work - knocked out a tank, go on vacation.

    But we defended our homeland, we had nowhere to go, and such instructions appeared.
    Yeast sneaks from such documents ...

    A.Tvardovsky recalled:

    - So you went ahead of schedule,
    He looked - in sweat and shiver:
    Rod of German thousand tanks ...
    - A thousand tanks? Well, brother, you're lying.

    “Why should I lie, buddy?”
    Reason - what calculation?
    - But why immediately - a thousand?
    - Good. Let five hundred.

    “Well, five hundred.” Honor me
    Do not scare like old women.
    - Okay. What is there three hundred, two hundred -
    Meet one though b ...

    - Well, in the newspaper the slogan is accurate:
    Do not run into bushes and bread.
    Tank - it looks very formidable,
    But in fact, deaf and blind.

    “That's blind.” Lying in a ditch
    And at the heart of the loom:
    Suddenly as if crushed
    After all, he does not see a damn thing.
  11. lucidlook
    lucidlook 17 July 2013 13: 49 New
    -2
    Video in topic

    Grenade - in the barrel!
    1. Quzmi4
      Quzmi4 17 July 2013 15: 07 New
      +7
      Something is very similar to staged shooting.
      The tank is standing still, it doesn't even rotate the turret, there is no cover; The "Mujahideen" twice "approached the projectile" without really hiding.
      But it rushed nobly ...
      1. KG_patriot_last
        KG_patriot_last 17 July 2013 17: 11 New
        +1
        Yes, of course, this is a production, the tank was probably stolen or captured at the beginning and was immobilized by a serious breakdown, so it was impossible to use it further
        1. Black Colonel
          Black Colonel 18 July 2013 15: 25 New
          0
          The tower machine gun is silent again. It was not otherwise that the tankers at this time performed namaz inside the vehicle. wassat
    2. Donvel
      Donvel 21 July 2013 17: 44 New
      0
      I wonder if the tank was a rebel and a grenade was thrown into the barrel by the Syrians, would everyone appreciate the bravery of Assad's brave warriors?
    3. solomon
      solomon 24 August 2013 17: 09 New
      +1
      A dramatization. In frames, it’s as if the tank is running on gas and the ammunition is also gas.
  12. morpogr
    morpogr 17 July 2013 14: 39 New
    +1
    Russian savvy is the main weapon of a soldier. winked
  13. Stas57
    Stas57 17 July 2013 15: 36 New
    +1
    and all that was necessary was to set up a release without a defect of BB to 45 in due time, and we wouldn’t read such materials here.
  14. 2я19
    2я19 17 July 2013 20: 14 New
    +2
    And nobody found instructions on butting of locomotives with pitchforks in archives? I would like to see how the authors of instructions and orders themselves would fulfill them, especially considering the methods and ways of using Wehrmacht armored vehicles. By methods 26.11.94. they did not use ...
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 17 July 2013 21: 32 New
      +1
      Quote: 2я19
      And nobody found instructions on butting the engine in the archives?

      Vadim Ninov in his article "Additional protection of American armored vehicles" wrote about the Japanese cumulative mine.
      It looks very much like a butting.
      Link to the article
      http://topwar.ru/30382-dopolnitelnaya-zaschita-amerikanskoy-bronetehniki-rerayt.
      html

  15. uwzek
    uwzek 17 July 2013 21: 26 New
    +1
    The stories similar to the story of a brave cook are full of the same Hasek ... There, the hero’s severed head bit through the enemy’s boots, singing the Austrian anthem, and other heroes were described ...
    The source of such instructions is the presence in any army, even during the war period, of parasites. In the Red Army, they were political workers. I won’t even argue - some political workers (in companies and battalions) fought for real, although they wrote political denunciations after the battle. But in the ranks of the commissars there were still various semi- and full-rear rats that stamped similar stories ...
  16. cobalt
    cobalt 17 July 2013 22: 09 New
    0
    Laughter, laughter, but the Winter War movie shows how Finnish soldiers blocked the movement of the T-26 with a piece of log. An episode from 1 hour 51 minutes of the film. The video is easily scrolled.
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  21. Day 11
    Day 11 17 July 2013 22: 45 New
    0
    And how do you like it? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nip8UXfkmQ8
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 18 July 2013 00: 55 New
      0
      View only through the link-does not want to give everything here
  22. pinecone
    pinecone 24 July 2013 22: 56 New
    0
    Synopsis of the Information Bureau of August 12, 1941 Evening message (excerpt. /
    The Red Army soldier Sereda showed exceptional courage and resourcefulness in battle. The German tank prevented the advance of our platoon with the fire of its machine gun. Then the brave Red Army soldier crept up to the enemy tank, quickly jumped on it and with a strong blow of the ax bent the machine gun barrel. The platoon rushed to the attack. The German tank was captured. In another battle, the Red Army soldier Sereda, participating in reconnaissance, knocked out an enemy tank with a bunch of grenades, shot 20 motorcyclists from a machine gun and captured three German soldiers.
  23. Corsair
    Corsair 25 August 2013 15: 19 New
    +1
    The reason for the loss of most of the tanks of the US Marine Corps at Iwo Jima was Japanese mines and anti-tank artillery fire. Sometimes the Japanese buried aircraft bombs or torpedoes, in the explosion of which the US tanks of the Second World War simply turned over. But the Japanese managed to destroy several tanks during the infantry attack. During one battle, an American tank stuck in the sand. And about thirty Japanese soldiers attacked him. They managed to disable the radio station and the armament of the tank, but the crew was eventually able to escape from the environment. The Japanese command was very afraid of the M4AZ American tanks, believing that the existing 47-mm guns could not penetrate their armor. As practice has shown, these fears have been exaggerated. 47-mm guns could well penetrate the side and stern armor of American medium tanks. However, to fight the tanks, kamikaze units were formed, armed with magnetic mines Type 99 (99 hako bakurai). These mines could pierce the side or roof of the tank (1). The crews sheathed the sides of the tank with two-inch boards, and the hatches were protected by welding the nails with the points up or covering them with a net, which did not allow the mine to be brought closer to the hatch closer than 13 cm. In addition, the tanks were hung with spare track tracks and sandbags. Machine guns were removed from the roof of the towers, as the Japanese often climbed onto the roof of the tank and opened fire on these US Marines from these machine guns.

    Sometimes two Type 99 mines were paired to increase their effectiveness. In other cases, an additional tolny block was placed between two Type 99 mines. In addition, it was practiced to connect Type 99 mines in four, clamping them between two chocks (4). Type 2 rifle grenades of 30 and 40 mm caliber, piercing armor with a thickness of 30 and 50 mm, respectively, received limited distribution. The illustration (Japanese tactics "ten men against a tank") shows a 40 mm grenade (3). One of the dead soldiers tried to slip a 2,5-kg mine-bar under the tank track. As a last resort, the Japanese tried to use simple grenades against tank hatches - in this case, the Type 99 fragmentation grenade - and even rifles with an attached bayonet (6). In Burma, a samurai jumped onto the roof of the MZ "Lee" tank of the British 3rd Carabinieri Regiment and managed to stab the tower commander and gunner with his sword before the loader drew his pistol and killed the Japanese.

    http://pro-tank.ru/images/stories/2-mirovaya/book/pehota-protiv-tankov/pehota-vs

    -tanks-16.jpg


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