Military Review

The second nuclear submarine for India?

24
In April last year, the nuclear submarine (NS) of the INS Chakra expanded the composition of the Indian Navy. This submarine was built in Russia on the project 971 "Pike-B" and before the transfer of India was called K-152 "Nerpa". In accordance with the agreement of 2004, the Russian industry completed the construction of this submarine and transferred the finished ship to the Indian naval seamen. According to the latest reports of the Indian media, in the near future, another such contract may appear, thanks to which the Indian Navy will receive another Russian multi-purpose nuclear submarine.




It is worth noting that the first reports about the possible signing of such a message appeared in the spring of this year. Then news published with reference to some sources in the leadership of the Russian defense industry. At the same time, all information about the contract at that time was limited to reports on its principal possibility and procedure for financing. It was alleged that India intends to pay for the completion of the construction of some unfinished submarine and then purchase it on a leasing basis.

In early July, new messages on this topic. The Indian edition of Indian Express has published some of the statements of the general director of the St. Petersburg engineering design bureau Malakhit (SPMBM Makhalit) V. Dorofeyev. According to the head of the design organization, Russia and India are ready to begin negotiations on the completion and transfer of a new submarine. It is proposed to build a second nuclear submarine for the Indian Navy using the existing reserve left from the time of the Soviet Union.

Representatives of the Indian naval forces have not yet commented on the statements of the General Director of the Malachite Special Design Bureau of Special Forces. At the same time, the former leadership of the Indian military fleet repeatedly stated the possibility of signing a new agreement on the transfer of multi-purpose submarines on lease. However, any details regarding the terms of such a contract were not disclosed. Probably, in New Delhi at that time there was still no consensus about the feasibility and necessity of acquiring the second Russian submarine of project 971.

Despite the lack of comments from Indian officials, assumptions about the technical side of a possible contract have already begun to appear. It is alleged that the submarine "Irbis", built at the Amur shipyard (Komsomolsk-on-Amur), will be completed for India. This submarine was laid in 1994 year, but after about two years, construction stopped due to lack of funding. By this time, the readiness of the boat exceeded 40%. According to reports, the workers of the Amur plant managed to build a solid submarine hull and begin assembling its other units. In 2011, it became known that the Komsomol enterprise would no longer be engaged in the construction of nuclear submarines. As a result, the frozen work on the "Irbis" officially stopped.

In the case of the signing of the contract, it is likely that the construction of the Irbis nuclear multi-purpose submarine will be resumed. Moreover, the construction project is likely to be finalized in accordance with the requirements of the customer and the experience gained in carrying out the contract for the transfer of the Nerpa nuclear submarine to India. Full official information about the future of the unfinished submarine in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, for obvious reasons, is not yet available. The first messages on this topic will appear only after Russia and India have agreed on the completion of the construction of the boat, and the Indian military will form their list of requirements for it.

In an interview for Indian Express, Malachite General Director V. Dorofeyev noted that if the decision was made to supply the Indian submarine, the Russian industry would have no problems with the fulfillment of such an order. As for the decision itself, this issue may be discussed at the upcoming talks between the top leaders of Russia and India. Other aspects of Russian-Indian cooperation in the field of submarines will depend on the decision of politicians. In particular, it is the Russian leadership that will decide whether Russian scientists and designers should help their Indian colleagues in fine-tuning the INS Arihant ballistic missile submarine.

The cost of transfer to the leasing of the second submarine can only guess. The lease of the Nerpa / INS Chakra submarine on lease for a period of ten years will cost 970 million dollars to the Indian budget. Judging by the available data, the completion of the construction of the submarine "Irbis" with the equipment of new equipment can significantly increase its value. However, in the present circumstances, India can agree to this.

Currently, New Delhi is doing everything possible to build a full-fledged nuclear submarine fleet. Now in the Indian Navy there is only one combat submarine - the multi-purpose submarine INS Chakra. The second boat with a nuclear power plant (INS Arihant) is still being tested, and after being included in the fleet it will carry ballistic missiles. For comparison, it is worth quoting the figures of the submarine fleet of China, which is the main competitor of the Indian Navy. To date, the Chinese military has four ballistic missile submarines and five multi-purpose nuclear submarines. The lag of the Indian Navy is great and requires early action.

Since India does not yet have the ability to simultaneously build both strategic and multi-purpose submarines with nuclear reactors, it has to cooperate with foreign countries. In this regard, the leasing of necessary equipment is one of the most convenient ways for India to increase the potential of its naval forces. In this case, the rental of nuclear submarines allows you to circumvent the existing legal restrictions relating to the sale of military equipment of this class. Thus, with the help of contracts with Russia, India simultaneously solves several problems of various kinds.

As mentioned above, the Indian command has not yet confirmed and denied information about the imminent start of negotiations on the completion and leasing of the second submarine. However, the current situation indicates a high probability of signing a new contract. Therefore, in the near future corresponding official statements by Indian military leaders and government officials may appear.


On the materials of the sites:
http://indianexpress.com/
http://rus.ruvr.ru/
http://itar-tass.com/
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  1. T80UM1
    T80UM1 17 July 2013 06: 53
    +3
    Of course, supplying a potential rival to China and Pakistan in South Asia is good, but probably you also need to replenish your fleet with these submarines. Since it is probably one of the most successful nuclear submarine projects, and modifications can already be safely attributed to the 4th generation.
    1. 5aa1
      5aa1 17 July 2013 16: 27
      +2
      And why are you all surprised? India is a rapidly developing country that purchases weapons from us (about a third of our military equipment export portfolio is in India). They have the means to purchase - they are purchasing. There is nothing strange about this. And we have everything according to the plan until 2020: what, how much and when will be in our troops. The Russian Federation is a developed state with good weapons and potential inherited from the times of the Soviet Union. It’s just that many companies manufacturing military equipment in our country also have a private investment sector, therefore, in order to profit and further develop the industry, we supply weapons for export. In Europe, they don’t take much, since the USA (well, you understand, it’s a kind of conditional embargo for the purchase of equipment, about how) ...

      And do not be indignant that, they say, "only to them, but what to us ?!", everything will be over time, but for now, in order to actively develop, it is necessary to export equipment. Only, as I have spoken for a very, very long time, it is necessary to prohibit the export of highly innovative parts and equipment until the Russian Federation is fully equipped with such specimens! They came up with a new detail - within 3 years they were integrated into the army, and then for export. The only way.
  2. buzuke
    buzuke 17 July 2013 07: 14
    0
    God himself ordered the Indians to arm. it’s not clear just how frightened they decided to stop construction at the Amur plant? or in another way - why didn’t they resume construction?
    1. Skiff
      Skiff 17 July 2013 07: 30
      +1
      God himself ordered the Indians to arm. it’s not clear just how frightened they decided to stop construction at the Amur plant? or in another way - why didn’t they resume construction?
      Well, there was a crisis, the country was in ..... e, and as for leasing in India, it’s a completely intelligible move, we need a counterweight to China so that we don’t bury ourselves.
    2. AVV
      AVV 17 July 2013 09: 45
      0
      Yes, because they only mastered the money there, but they didn’t deal with the construction of nuclear submarines, it’s a classic unfinished building !!!
    3. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 17 July 2013 13: 25
      0
      Quote: buzuke
      it’s not clear just how frightened they decided to stop construction at the Amur plant? or in another way - why didn’t they resume construction?


      Clearly written due to funding. Money ned, understand?
    4. rolik
      rolik 17 July 2013 16: 43
      +1
      Quote: buzuke
      . it’s not clear just how frightened they decided to stop construction at the Amur plant? or in another way - why didn’t they resume construction?

      There, the "defective" maneuvers have already begun to cut the slipway. They stopped in time. And they began to cut, it seems, with the filing of Burbulis
  3. KazaK Bo
    KazaK Bo 17 July 2013 08: 08
    +1
    Construction began in 1994 ... it means the project is somewhere in the mid-80s ... 30 years have passed ... ideas in military equipment are updated every 10-15 years ... then this project is outdated almost twice ... I'm not an expert on the Navy and, apparently, my reasoning is somewhat naive (correct if I am deeply mistaken), but ... the project is 30 years old ... even in electronics, three generations of basic elements have already changed ... It's one thing to build an object ... Another thing is to finish building a project with such a "beard" ... What then, a week after the submarine was put into operation, start "yelling at the whole Ivanovskaya" that we have old stuff in service? And after that, regret that we will return the money spent, and even make money on it, instead of putting this boat in our submarine register ???
    And the balance of power between China and India will not hurt us far !!!!
  4. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 17 July 2013 08: 19
    -10 qualifying.
    India, India ... Not a horse feed !!! Some show off.
    1. Parabelum
      Parabelum 17 July 2013 08: 48
      +4
      Why are you doing this? Can I have more specifics? Or have the Indians personally offended you? During the Indian-Pakistani conflicts, the Indians with Soviet technology showed themselves very well. And jointly cooperation, the same PAK FA? What are the show-offs?
  5. PROXOR
    PROXOR 17 July 2013 09: 20
    0
    What nonsense!

    We ourselves cannot replenish our fleet, we extended the program until 2020, and we close the Amur plant.
    Well, the case rusted for 17 years. Let the Indians use it. But the enterprise itself could build a nuclear submarine for the Pacific Fleet. And the delivery time would be reduced in person to 2016-2017. Again jobs.
  6. cdrt
    cdrt 17 July 2013 09: 24
    0
    Hmm ... considering that in their fleet, 15-20% of submarines are 671RTMK?
    For myself, would be completed - it would be much more useful. Moreover, it was 971M (in my opinion, the project code looked like this). Anyway, from PLA 971 this is all for now (there is nothing newer, 885 still passes as PLAKR)
  7. ed65b
    ed65b 17 July 2013 10: 11
    0
    the author only forgot to say that the Chinese submarines do not carry combat patrols due to the unreliability of the missiles and the boats themselves. But the Indians with our boat with this all in order, even tomorrow in battle. So India has outplayed China on this topic.
    1. Odysseus
      Odysseus 17 July 2013 14: 53
      +1
      Quote: ed65b
      the author only forgot to say that the Chinese submarines do not carry combat patrols due to the unreliability of the missiles and the boats themselves. But the Indians with our boat with this all in order, even tomorrow in battle. So India has outplayed China on this topic.

      You confuse SSBNs and just a submarine.
      SSBNs have readiness problems, and that, according to the Americans. According to the Pentagon 2012, it reached readiness within 2 years. China does not comment on such reports.
  8. 1c-inform-city
    1c-inform-city 17 July 2013 10: 52
    +3
    Quote: ed65b
    the author only forgot to say that the Chinese submarines do not carry combat patrols due to the unreliability of the missiles and the boats themselves. But the Indians with our boat with this all in order, even tomorrow in battle. So India has outplayed China on this topic.

    You are absolutely right not a single Chinese boat has been put into service, everything is in trial operation. Some have been around for two decades. All pictures of China’s naval power show a diesel engine. The boats leave the base rarely and not far.
  9. Takashi
    Takashi 17 July 2013 15: 25
    -4
    on the NPS of the 3rd slipway: A, B, C. One is occupied by a frigate, the other by civilian products, but on the 3rd rest this unfinished miracle and repair square.

    You can build it. Anyway, the project is outdated. What is Irbis, what is Nerpa. Floating coffins
    1. shpuntik
      shpuntik 17 July 2013 18: 25
      +2
      Takashi RU Today, 15:25 PM
      on the NPS of the 3rd slipway: A, B, C. One is occupied by a frigate, the other by civilian products, but on the 3rd rest this unfinished miracle and repair square.
      You can build it. Anyway, the project is outdated. What is Irbis, what is Nerpa. Floating coffins

      In fact, there are only nine slipways in two adjacent workshops 19 and 17.
      In the best of times, 30 thousand people worked.
      Good boats, why coffins?
      1. Takashi
        Takashi 18 July 2013 13: 40
        0
        Well, why are you telling military secrets :) :) :)
        After all, I wrote an official version, the one that feeds the official site of the plant.

        And you time ....))) :)

        I don’t know how for you, but for me, pl has long since lost the function that it received at birth = to sink ships (with torpedoes or missiles).
        Now the pl - (except for the special ones) must carry the ballista of the missile in order to "shake off the adversaries." :) :) :) :)
        Chasing AUG in my opinion is simply pointless in terms of nuclear war. Of course, if you fight with conventional tactical weapons, you can argue, and so, the replacement of such boats is either diesels \ or with a new self-propelled guns. (like Lada)
        1. shpuntik
          shpuntik 20 July 2013 03: 35
          +1
          Sgt.
          Takashi RU July 18, 2013 13:40 ↑
          I don’t know how for you, but for me, pl has long since lost the function that it received at birth = to sink ships (with torpedoes or missiles).
          Now the pl - (except for the special ones) must carry the ballista of the missile in order to "shake off the adversaries." :) :) :) :)

          A winged one won't do :-)

          Subsonic small-sized strategic cruise missile "GRANAT" (NATO classification SS-N-21 Sampson). The GRANAT cruise missile is designed to destroy enemy ground targets and has a firing range of up to 3 km. It can be equipped with a nuclear warhead with a capacity of 000 kt.


          According to many experts, submarines of projects 971, 945, 945A are highly efficient ships that surpass almost all US Navy BATS, including Virginia type boats (Block I SSN-774 - SSN-777, Block II SSN-778 - SSN-783), except three Seawolf boards (SSN-21 - SSN-23).
          "The American naval analyst N. Polmar at a meeting in the US Congress in 1997 said the following:
          There are ominous signs that the Soviets are making headway in reducing submarine noise. Soviet Akula-class boats that went out to sea in the mid-1980s were much quieter than predicted. "

          More: http://vpk-news.ru/articles/9055
  10. 1c-inform-city
    1c-inform-city 17 July 2013 15: 36
    +1
    It slipped through that on the pikes during the modernization, the developments from Yasen will be used. It seems they are very suitable for this (the boat is really good). We wouldn’t interfere with a dozen ourselves. Not expensive and with very decent performance characteristics. By the way, information flashed that touched not one, but four buildings.
    1. albatross
      albatross 22 July 2013 01: 54
      +1
      1c-inform-city RU July 17, 2013 15:36 p.m. New

      It slipped through that on the pikes during the modernization, the developments from Yasen will be used. It seems they are very suitable for this (the boat is really good). We wouldn’t interfere with a dozen ourselves. Not expensive and with very decent performance characteristics. By the way, information flashed that touched not one, but four buildings.

      On Yasen, I heard that one more "layer" of depreciation will be introduced, as on the "Sivulf", as well as the Shch-B (the latest modifications) is a very good boat. 600 meters, not everyone can.
      About the four buildings, what kind of source?
  11. tt75tt
    tt75tt 17 July 2013 15: 42
    +2
    a unique plant (Komsomolsky Shipyard) was simply brought to the construction of civilian vessels. from former greatness remained- zilch.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 17 July 2013 17: 40
      +5
      For several years, three directors changed, huge money was stolen, no one bore responsibility.
      1. shpuntik
        shpuntik 17 July 2013 18: 21
        +4
        Bongo RU Today, 17:40 ↑ New
        For several years, three directors were replaced, huge money was stolen, no one took responsibility ...

        Adamena bully Only 20 billion lol .
        Quote:
        "- And about how much debt?
        R. Trotsenko: - In total, the credit supply has reached 20 billion rubles, of which 14 billion are USC loans. There is no need to be afraid of this. External control will end well. The main task is to fulfill current orders. "

        http://www.amurshipyard.ru/?p=810#more-810
        Here, to the right of Matvienko 519, the order, if not yet rolled, on the left 518 was = (Premier League) INS Chakra.
  12. Constantine
    Constantine 17 July 2013 17: 53
    0
    Good news. There will just be an opportunity to reanimate personnel, it is possible to train new ones at the construction of nuclear submarines. As they say, cadres decide everything, and if they are trained with other people's money, then this is good in twins. We will build more perfect oneself.
  13. stoqn477
    stoqn477 17 July 2013 19: 37
    -2
    I think the problem is not whether you give the Premier League, India a lease. The problem is that the fleet will not have enough units of this type. Your first submarine, pr. 885, soon began testing. If you successfully pass, who knows how to develop their production. In general, the situation in the nuclear submarines of this type is to you, like destroyers. You are lacking. Just democratization stopped the military-industrial complex to put new models in the armed forces of you as a whole. It is the same with us, but in a worse situation. There is no money for something new. And your armed forces are much larger for you. Accordingly, they want more money.
  14. user
    user 17 July 2013 20: 53
    -2
    RUSSIAN AIRCRAFTERS: 6 FORGOTTEN PROJECTS
    http://www.popmech.ru/article/3386-avianostsyi-rossii/