Since the adoption of the anti-ship missile complex "Granit" developed by JSC "MIC" NPO Mashinostroeniya "19 July 30 years.
The message dedicated to the jubilee date is posted on the website of JSC VPK NPO Mashinostroyenia.
“In the conditions of the ensuing post-war confrontation, the main threat to our country came from the oceans. If on land our country militarily did not yield to the United States, its NATO allies and other military blocs, then at sea their superiority was absolute.
Thus, in 1968, the first American atomic strike aircraft carrier of the new generation CVN 68 Nimitz was laid - the founder of a large series of ships of this class. Compared to its predecessors, the Nimitz had a higher survivability and increased strike power. New interceptors interacted with deck DRLO aircraft, which had the ability to simultaneously accompany several dozen airplanes and cruise missiles flying at various altitudes (including extremely small ones) at a distance of up to 300 km and direct fighter-interceptors at them. The frontier of air defense and missile defense of the US Navy aircraft carrier has expanded significantly, reaching 450-500km.
As a result, the "anti-aircraft" capabilities of the Soviet SSGN of the 675 project appeared to be insufficient to ensure the destruction of its groups. It was necessary to create a new, much more powerful and “long-range” missile complex with an underwater launch, providing for the application of masked strikes from under the water to ships from long distances with the possibility of selective destruction of targets.
Thus, in accordance with the Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and USSR Council No. 539-186 of 10.07.1969, the development of a long-range Granit anti-ship missile system for arming new nuclear submarines and missile cruisers began.
The essence of the development was to create a powerful group of strike nuclear submarines with supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles of long range. It was just such a PKR that the “Granit” rocket created by the team of the NPO Mashinostroenia was created.
As conceived by the design team, the rocket can be used both from surface ships and from submarines.
But not only high flight characteristics and a homing head protected from electronic countermeasures of homing allow the Granit rocket to steadily retain its unique combat capabilities. The main advantage of the rocket - the implementation of the original methods of targeting. It embodied the extensive experience of the NPO Mashinostroeniya to create electronic systems of artificial intelligence, which allows them to act against a single ship with one rocket or a volley against a warrant of ships. It is in the salvo that all the unsurpassed tactical capabilities of the Russian weapons.
The missiles themselves will distribute and classify according to the importance of the target, they will choose the tactics of attack and the plan for its conduct. To eliminate errors when choosing a maneuver and defeat a given target, electronic data on modern classes of ships are incorporated into the onboard computer of the rocket. In addition, the car also has purely tactical information, for example, about the type of orders of the ships, which allows the rocket to determine who is in front of it - a convoy, an aircraft carrier or amphibious group, and attack its main targets.
Also in the on-board computer there are data on countering the enemy’s electronic warfare equipment, capable of jamming away missiles from the target, tactical methods of evading anti-aircraft weapons from fire. After the launch, the missiles themselves decide which of them will attack which goal and which maneuvers for this purpose must be carried out in accordance with the mathematical algorithms laid down in the program of behavior. The missile has a means of countering the anti-missile attack. Having destroyed the main target in the ship group, the remaining missiles attack other warrant ships, eliminating the possibility of two missiles hitting the same target.
After lengthy and comprehensive tests, by the Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and USSR CM No. 686-214 of 19.07.1983, the Granit complex was adopted for use atomic submarines of the new generation Ave. .949.
Today, JSC VPK NPO Mashinostroyenia is implementing a program to support the high efficiency of the Granit rocket throughout its service life.
The technical solutions implemented in the design of the Granit missile formed the basis for the concept of creating a new type of anti-ship missiles. ”