Military Review

Deck fighter F-14 "Tomcat"

19



At the end of the 60 in the USA, the design of the long-range deck interceptor began to replace the F-4 "Phantom-2".

In the finals of the competition were projects McDonnell Douglas and Grumman. McDonnell-Douglas had a fixed-wing machine design, while Grumman's wing sweep changed.

After the air battles over the territory of Vietnam, the military wanted the developers to lay out the vertical and horizontal maneuverability characteristics created by the aircraft no worse than the MiG-21, which was then the main air rival of the US Air Force combat aircraft.

In theory, the variable geometry of the wing was supposed to give acceptable characteristics of take-off and landing with a large mass, as well as good maneuverability in close combat, high maximum supersonic speed during interception, and a long patrol time.

It was therefore quite natural that 3 February 1969 of the year, a contract was signed for the creation of an F-14F fighter with the company Grumman.

The plane was given its own name "Tomcat", which reflected the tradition of Grumman to give the names of different cats to its sea fighters, and this time accidentally connected with Vice Admiral Tom Connolly - Deputy Head of the Command for Naval Operations for aviationwho was a big project enthusiast. At an early stage, the F-14 was called "Tom's Cat" - "Tom's cat", and over time it transformed into a "Tomcat".

The exterior of the aircraft was finally formed by March 1969 of the year. Designers removed one tail and two folding ventral keel, replacing them with two-tail fin. This was supposed to give better stability in the event of a failure of one of the engines. In addition, the plane was seen a great influence of the revolutionary Soviet MiG-25.



The pace of development of the aircraft ahead of the advanced engine designed for it. Therefore, temporarily at the first experienced "Tomkaty" put Pratt-Whitney TRDDF TF30-P-412A. These engines were based on the TF-30-P TRDDF, mounted on F-111 and A-7 strike aircraft. But even increased to 9070 kgf thrust was not enough for a heavy fighter. Another problem was the unsatisfactory stability and throttle response of the TF-30 engine during vigorous maneuvering with access to large angles of attack.

Problems with power units all the time there were at "Tomkatov." Approximately 28% of all crashed F-14 were lost for this very reason. According to the American pilots F-14 copes with the tasks, but requires careful piloting, in some cases, flying at low speeds at high altitudes can be risky.



For a decade and a half, more suitable engines were searched for the F-14, but the issue was resolved only by the end of the 80-s, after installing the General Electric engine F110-GE-400, which equipped the F-15 and F-16 fighters. The process of refitting new engines occurred during 1988-90's. And in 1990-93, they launched the production of another version of TomCat with F110 TRDDF and advanced avionics -F-14D.



The minimum wing span of the aircraft was 11.65 meters, and the maximum 19.54 meters. The length is 19.1 meters, the height is 4.88 meters, the wing area is 52.49 м2. The mass of the empty aircraft was 18100 kg. Cruising speed 740 - 1000 km / h. Practical range - 2965 - 3200 km.

In service was one built-in 20-mm gun M61-1 on 675 shells, located in the nose of the fuselage. The combat load was 6500 kg on eight suspension nodes.

4 AIM-7 Sparrow - medium-range SD in a semi-submerged position, or 4 AIM-54 Phoenix - long-range SD on special platforms could be placed under the fuselage. It was also possible to suspend the 2-4 AIM-9 "Sidewinder" or AIM-120 AMRAAM - short-range SD.



The combat potential of the machine was determined by the control system weapons Hughes AWG-9.

The most long-range air-to-air aircraft "Phoenix", coupled with a unique MSA, did not make a very successful aircraft one of the best fighter-interceptors of that time.

At the time of its creation, the AIM-54 “Phoenix” long-range guided missile was unique, it had no analogues. The main feature is the combined guidance system, which combined autopilot at the initial stage and semi-active radar guidance in the middle segment with active guidance in the final segment: approximately 16-20 km. There was also a mode of passive guidance on any source of electromagnetic radiation, for example, the radar of an anti-ship missile or aircraft.



At the Phoenix rocket, the maximum launch range was 160 km, at high altitudes the rocket reached the speed M = 5. The core warhead had a radius of damage of about eight meters, providing a blast of infrared, contact or radar fuses.

In the process of developing and refining the SLA and the rocket, great difficulties arose, therefore the Phoenix rocket did not immediately become the main weapon of the aircraft. Partly, due to the high cost of a single rocket - roughly 500 thousand dollars in 70's.

In the end, the Navy decided that they needed a “long-handed” interceptor, so there was no alternative to the Phoenix.



Another factor in favor of the Phoenix - other air-to-air missiles could not intercept MiG-25 at high altitudes.

The contract for the creation of the first batch of 26 aircraft was signed in October 1970 of the year. 12 aircraft hit the flight test program. There were losses. 30 December 1970, the first car of this type crashed, but the pilots ejected.

The result of the flight tests of the aircraft was summed up by a group of Navy pilots consisting of the VF-124 test squadron. According to their commander, Frank Schlanz, the aircraft demonstrated good flight characteristics and could potentially be used to achieve air superiority, as well as air defense of the naval forces.

Note that during the test flights two more aircraft crashed. 30 June 1972 crashed pilot Bill Miller, who ran the tenth prototype during a demonstration flight over the Patuxent River airbase. The cause of the disaster has not yet been clarified. Just a couple of weeks before his death, Miller took off from the top ten from the aircraft carrier Forrestal. 28 June he first got on the aircraft carrier.

20 June 1973 of the year was lost another aircraft, at number five, which produced the launch of the UR Sparrow. The rocket came off its rails horizontally, hitting the fuel tank, located in the central part of the fuselage. As a result, there was an explosion and fire. But as there was no warhead in the rocket, the pilot and operator managed to successfully eject.

In April, the 1972 of the year began testing the F-14 / UR Phoenix fighter complex, within which the mass-dimensional rocket models suspended from Tomcata were discharged. And in July, the epoch-making event of 1972 happened: while working on the aircraft / rocket system “Phoenix”, the AQM-37A Stiletto target, which imitated the MiG-25, successfully hit the target. At the time of launch, the interceptor was at an altitude of 14 300 meters at a speed of M = 1,2 at a distance of 65 km from the target.



Another significant event is the simultaneous launch of guided missiles on several targets. In the middle of December, 1972 was for the first time carried out the simultaneous launch of two Phoenix missiles on two targets imitating Soviet anti-ship missiles X-22.

In the future, rockets were launched against targets creating radio interference and simulating another threat from the USSR Tu-22M - a bomber famous in the West, like the MiG-25. In April, 1973 of the year, the Tomketa crew managed to detect the BMQ-34 target, which simulated the Backfire at a distance of 245 kilometers, and then destroy it at a distance of 134 kilometers from the Phoenix missile launch point. And in November, 1973, pilot John Wilson and armament operator Jack Hover, managed to intercept six targets at once. In the American press, this episode was called "record." For about forty seconds, Tomkat launched six guided missiles at six different targets, which were from 80 to 115 kilometers. Four missiles successfully hit the targets, one failed the equipment, and one launch was considered unsuccessful due to a target malfunction.

However, the new weapon system had significant drawbacks. First of all, the system is difficult to master and operate. Secondly, the high cost of one rocket. Before 1975, only the most experienced crews launched rockets. A test of the ability of ordinary combatant pilots in the closest possible to combat conditions conducted on a three-day exercises, which was attended by 1-th carrier-wing aircraft carrier "John F. Kennedy." The crew of the F-14A as part of the operator Lieutenant Kray and the pilot Lieutenant Andrews managed to hit the target CQM-10B "Bomark", which imitated the MiG-25. True, it was only a theoretical test of the possibility of using guided missiles by ordinary crews. Only a very small number of combat pilots and operators were able to launch an AIM-54 guided missile. The cost of "Phoenix" was too high to use it during combat training.

However, while the F-14 was all right with the “long arm,” the maneuvering air combat was not so smooth. In order to conduct an offensive air battle, the fighter must have a decent thrust-to-weight ratio, which is what the F-14A lacked. According to a number of experts and pilots, Tomcat needed an 30% increase in engine thrust. Left much to be desired and horizontal maneuverability, several aircraft fell due to the exit into a flat spin when training maneuvers. As it turned out, when entering at high angles of attack, the plane begins to lurch and scour.

If, at such speeds, we simultaneously use a rudder and a differentially deflected stabilizer embedded in the control system, then very large angular velocities arise, which contributes to the departure into a spin.

In this regard, the question arose about the feasibility of extending the life of multi-purpose aircraft F-4 and the need to start developing the deck version of the machine F-15.

As a result, the admirals decided to create a mixed fleet of small, simple and cheap, as well as heavy, complex and expensive fighters, following the example of the Air Force. These conversations stimulated the development of the multi-purpose fighter F-18 "Hornet".

The first two combat squadrons were assigned to the Eisenhower nuclear aircraft carrier. On its first voyage with the Tomcats, the ship departed 17 September 1974. During the trip, the pilots flew 2900 watches on the F-14, making a total of 1600 landings and takeoffs to the deck. 460 was held at night. During this operation, the first accident happened - on January 2, an engine caught fire at one of Tomcats, but the crew managed to eject. The planes also took part in the Vietnam War, covering the exit of the Americans from Saigon.

The typical tasks of the deck F-14 are interception and patrolling. Usually a pair of aircraft patrolled about fifty minutes at a distance of 550 kilometers from the aircraft carrier. In the combat load "Tomkata" was four guided missiles "Phoenix", two more "Sparrow", two "Sidewinder", as well as two PTB, whose capacity was 1060 liters. If the fighter flew to intercept, then the external load was similar cargo. With a flight speed of M = 1.5, the combat radius reached 247 kilometers.



The second aircraft carrier that received the "Tomcat" - "John F. Kenedy." In 1976, two squadrons of the Tomcats took up combat duty on the aircraft carrier America. The aircraft entered its peak at 1977, when they appeared on the aircraft carriers Kitty Hawk, Constellation, Nimitz.

Total "Tomkatami" armed 22 deck squadrons, as well as two training and four reserve squadrons. X-NUMX F-557F machines were produced, including 14 for the Iranian Air Force and 79 experienced, as well as X-NUMX units F-12B, 38 F-14D.

After entering the divisions with "Tomkaty" began to occur flight accidents. For example, I had to stop flying this type of machine twice after two catastrophes with an interval of two days 21 and 23 in June of 1976. After a thorough investigation and inspection of all aircraft, the situation has not changed. 14 September one of the aircraft crashed into the water during takeoff, sinking in shallow water, next to the ships of the Soviet Navy. It is not known what the reaction to the plane was from the Soviet military, but the Americans launched a rabid activity to prevent the potential enemy from raising the plane. A rescue vessel and two tugboats entered the disaster area. The plane was able to lift and deliver for inspection on the territory of the British base Rosyth. Missiles from the aircraft were removed at the bottom, with the help of the US Navy research submarine NR-1. By the middle of the 1984 year, accidents and catastrophes had happened to 70 fighters. The main reasons included stalling and fire in engines.

Along with this, there was a low reliability of material support for new aircraft, the engines were unreliable. On board the aircraft carrier was at least eight turbofans TF-30, which were to replace the failed. Normal combat readiness is 8 from Tomcat's 12.

The real fighting of the F-14 hit at the end of the summer 1981 of the year. The US aircraft carriers Forrestol and Nimitz were overflying the Libyan Su and MiGs. During one of them, two "Tomcat" from the VF-41 squadron shot down two Su-22.

There were fighting losses. In winter, 1982, the Syrian air defense missile system destroyed three "Tomkata", which accompanied the A-6 attack aircraft to attack various targets in Lebanese territory. Six aircraft carriers were involved in Operation Desert Storm. Four of these were F-14 aircraft. "Tomkaty" accompanied strike aircraft, carried out reconnaissance missions. Tomkat managed to shoot down one Iraqi helicopter. Iraq’s air defenses, in turn, shot down one Tomkat.

Judging by the experience of the combat use of "Tomkatov", we can conclude that the aircraft failed to solve the tasks assigned to it, especially if analyzed in accordance with the criterion of "cost-effectiveness". The loudest victories of F-14 passed over the territory of the Gulf of Sidra during battles with Libyans. The conditions were almost range, no maneuvering battles were not.

Many experts doubted the realism of the technical characteristics that the Americans stated.

Judging by the report that was prepared for the American Congress, it is impossible to accurately predict the likelihood of an AIM-54 rocket hitting due to the lack of launch statistics in real conditions. The Americans invested a lot of money in the development of the AIM-54C variant, which could intercept low-altitude targets with an EPR near 0.5 m2. However, even she hardly intercepted a low-altitude cruise missile, the speed of which is more than M = 3.



After the end of the Cold War and the final degradation of the Russian naval aviation in the early 2000s, the gradual withdrawal of the “Tomcats from the US Navy began. They were replaced by the master of all trades "Superhornet."

At the end of their combat career, F-14 fell into combat during the "anti-terrorist" operation in Afghanistan. There were no encounters with the Taliban aircraft, the deck interceptors were working with adjustable bombs from a great height.

In 2006, the US Navy officially parted ways with these aircraft. For the United States, this was a landmark event; during the Cold War years, this car was considered the main interceptor for carrier-based aviation, which was highly appreciated by professionals. In 1986, the cult film "Top Gun" was released, the main role in which was played by Tom Cruise.

Google Efrth satellite image: F-18, E-2C, F-14 carrier aircraft at the US Navy Lakehurst test site


At the moment, several aircraft "Tomkat" "support in flying condition in training and test American centers.

The only country that continues to use Tomkat is Iran. True, and there they will soon write off due to lack of spare parts.

Google Efrth satellite image: F-14 aircraft based on Davis-Montana storage


The US government has limited the sale of retired aircraft to private individuals, unlike other types of aircraft. Thus, the US government wants to protect itself from buying spare parts by Iran.

information sources:
http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fighter/f14.html
http://www.airwar.ru/enc/fighter/f14d.html
http://www.airbase.ru/hangar/planes/usa/f/f-14/
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  1. strange and pretty meaningless
    strange and pretty meaningless 16 July 2013 08: 46
    +9
    In order to conduct an offensive air battle, the fighter must have decent thrust-weight ratio, which the F-14A lacked. According to a number of experts and pilots, Tomcat needed a 30% increase in engine thrust.
    I remembered a scene from "Topgan" where an F-14 under the control of Tom Cruise "famously" soared, leaving from under attack from behind. The lethargy of tomketa delivered lol
  2. Bongo
    16 July 2013 08: 51
    +9
    In December, 1972, the Phoenix missiles were simultaneously launched for two purposes - the Soviet anti-ship missile X-22.
    The "draft" contained:
    In mid-December 1972, for the first time, two Phoenix missiles were launched simultaneously at two targets imitating the Soviet Kh-22 anti-ship missiles.
    - correct
  3. Bongo
    16 July 2013 08: 54
    +6
    The first two combat squadrons were rescued by the nuclear aircraft carrier Eisenhower.
    laughing Apparently there were no other supplies
  4. Ivan_Ivanov
    Ivan_Ivanov 16 July 2013 09: 26
    +8
    Beautiful, tech, strong aircraft.
  5. Gooch
    Gooch 16 July 2013 10: 25
    +7
    However, a glider is very beautiful. :)
  6. Sars
    Sars 16 July 2013 11: 14
    10
    I happened to watch the flights of Iranian pilots on the F-14 in Shiraz.
    The maneuverability of these heavy, not young fighters left the most pleasant impression.
    1. Bongo
      16 July 2013 14: 00
      +4
      Soon their write-off, the question of a couple of years.
  7. smiths xnumx
    smiths xnumx 16 July 2013 11: 16
    +4
    Iran is the only country where Tomcat was supplied. A total of 79 vehicles were delivered, although the contract provided for the delivery of 80. "Tomkats" were actively used in the Iran-Iraq war. According to Iraqi data, 7 F-14s were shot down, of which 5 were MiG-21, 2 were Mirage F.1. The Iranians, in turn, confirm the loss of only one aircraft shot down by the MiG-21. Considering the powerful radar of the fighter, the Iranians used them as a mini "Avax" for the guidance of the F-4 and F-5.
    Iranian aces on Tomkats according to Wikipedia:
    Jalil Zandiy- 11 (3 Mirage F1, 2 MiG-23BN, 2 Su-22 and 1 MiG-21 confirmed
    K. Sadghi - 5 MiG-23 (0-1 confirmed).
    Due to the depletion of the AIM-54 stock, the Iranians began to use AIM-14 Hawk missiles from the F-23, and also independently set up the production of spare parts for them.
    Currently, the Iranian Air Force is using 25 F-14 Tomcat fighters, one of which fell on January 26, 2012 and exploded on the coast of the Persian Gulf.
    Photo dated 30.01.2012, when Iranian "Tomkats" accompanied the "Russian Knights" after participating in the International Aerospace Exhibition in Bahrain
  8. Andrey77
    Andrey77 16 July 2013 13: 24
    +5
    This plane will forever be associated with the movie "TopGun" and young Tom Cruise.
    1. strange and pretty meaningless
      strange and pretty meaningless 16 July 2013 13: 39
      +2
      Her ... YOUNG Tom Cruise is "Lights Out" ("The Cadets", "The Taps", 1981) There is also a young Sean Penn. Cult cinema. Very different problems - completely different feelings after watching. I recommend.
  9. Argon
    Argon 16 July 2013 13: 52
    +5
    A very ambiguous machine, in terms of the complex of tasks being solved (conducting DVB, work on ground), perhaps only the developed T-50 can argue with it. Even taken into account all its shortcomings, the amers were in no hurry to remove it from service, and in no hurry with disposal. In any case, in the Soviet naval aviation, the F-14 was considered a dangerous counterfeit. I really did not like the aspect of coverage of the rocket armament, they say, "Phoenix" is that the blank is expensive and cannot do anything. In any case, for the time of its appearance, the car was unique.
    1. Bongo
      16 July 2013 14: 02
      +8
      The article does not say that this is "a blank and can do nothing." The point is that its capabilities were greatly exaggerated at a prohibitive cost.
      1. Argon
        Argon 16 July 2013 23: 10
        +1
        Yes, on this site, it is very "fashionable" to think so, by the way, the concept of exorbitant cost for Ecuador and the Federal Republic of Germany (as an example) in absolute terms is very different. In any case, for at least 10 years amers had the possibility of guaranteed defeat of Soviet missile carriers , I mean anti-ship machines. Moreover, they began to limit the "operation" of the system only after the collapse of the union, but somehow reluctantly, apparently for the United States, the cost was acceptable.
        1. Kassandra
          Kassandra 8 January 2015 16: 20
          0
          not the missile carriers but the NK was more annoying.
  10. Sirjey
    Sirjey 16 July 2013 13: 55
    +8
    I consider this aircraft to be one of the most beautiful of that time ... It inspires respect.
  11. smiths xnumx
    smiths xnumx 16 July 2013 14: 14
    +3
    There is information that one of the Iranian F-14 flew in 1980 after the Islamic revolution in the USSR and was thoroughly studied. The plane, of course, is serious, but it (American) has few real victories, unlike the F-15. 2 unguided Libyan SU-22 without radar, the pilots of which, according to the recollections of our specialists, immediately ejected, although one managed to release a missile. And 2 Libyan MiG-23s, an early export modification of the MS, which were not known whether they carried weapons or were performing an ordinary reconnaissance flight, and the Iraqi Mi-8. That's all the victories. At the same time, at least one "Tomket" was "landed" by the Iraqis in 1991 S-75, 3 our anti-aircraft gunners in Syria S-200 in 1982-1983.
    1. VAF
      VAF 16 July 2013 16: 28
      +3
      Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
      3 our anti-aircraft gunners in Syria S-200 in 1982-1983.


      Only 3 Tomketa is .. a bit too much, but in June 1982, anti-aircraft gunners, though from Shilka ... "dismissed" .... "operator" Negro .. then in all Syrian cities they were shown as .. "national treasure ", then through Lebanon ...." they gave it away "! +! drinks

      About the flight of the F-14 to us .. this "hat" there are even Tomket "fotoads" in our camouflage ... now there is no time to look! lol
      1. smiths xnumx
        smiths xnumx 16 July 2013 16: 39
        +3
        According to the data of the Chief Soviet Military Advisor in Syria G.P. Yashkin, our anti-aircraft gunners shot down nine American aircraft in December 1983, including five A-6 Intruder, three F-14 Tomcat, one F-4 Phantom II, and four more Israeli and two French carrier-based Super Étendard fighters. (Yashkin G.P. We fought in Syria // Bulletin of Air Defense: Monthly magazine of the USSR Air Defense Forces. - M.: Krasnaya Zvezda Publishing House, 1988. - No. 4. The Americans officially recognize the shooting down of deck attack aircraft on December 4, 1983. A-6 Intruder and A-7 Corsair II Another A-7 was damaged, but returned to the aircraft carrier.
    2. Odysseus
      Odysseus 16 July 2013 20: 17
      +3
      Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
      The plane, of course, is serious, but unlike the same F-15, there are few real victories for it (the American one).

      You do not take into account the Iran-Iraq war. There, according to various sources, the Tomkets shot down from 35 to 159 (!!!) enemy aircraft. Own losses from 1 to 12 (for various reasons).
      True, the data, as you see, varies greatly.
      1. smiths xnumx
        smiths xnumx 16 July 2013 21: 11
        +1
        Dear Odysseus, I wrote about the use of "Tomket" in the Iran-Iraq war today in a post at 11:16, including examples of Iranian aces who fought on this plane. The number of Iraqi planes shot down by Tomkats and their losses do differ in different sources, but the fact that Iran acquired 79 Tomkets, and now it has 24 left, speaks volumes. As for the American planes shot down in Syria in 1983, I referred to the data of the chief Soviet military adviser in Syria. I hope you will also not deny the fact that the F-14 was shot down during the 1991 Gulf War. Yours faithfully! hi
        1. Odysseus
          Odysseus 16 July 2013 21: 41
          +6
          Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
          Dear Odysseus, I wrote about the use of "Tomket" in the Iran-Iraq war today in a post at 11:16

          Yes, I didn’t pay attention. Sorry.
          Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
          but the fact that Iran acquired 79 Tomkets, and now it has 24 left, already speaks volumes.

          Talking about the lack of spare parts. The Iranians confirm one combat loss at the F-14, the Iraqis claim to 12. In the war this is a common thing.
          Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
          I hope you also will not deny the fact that the F-14 was shot down during the Gulf War in 1991.

          Of course, this is confirmed by the side of the lost plane.
          Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
          As for the American aircraft shot down in Syria in 1983, I referred to the data of the main Soviet military adviser in Syria.

          He either mixed up something or is disingenuous.
          1) According to other sources, not in December 1983, but in December 1982. That is, people telling this legend people confuse even the years))
          2) If they were really shot down over the territory of Lebanon, there would be debris, etc. There is none of this. There is no evidence on the other hand.
          3) The loss of the aircraft in June 1982 is more real. Although there are questions here.
          1. smiths xnumx
            smiths xnumx 16 July 2013 22: 32
            +2
            According to the analysis of the losses of the "Tomkets" of the Iranian Air Force in 7 units, I refer to the Aviation and Cosmonautics magazine yesterday, today, tomorrow - May June 1997 TECHNICAL INFORMATION Issue 2-6 (1732-1736 TO III-XII 1996) FOREIGN COMBAT AIRCRAFT (short reference book), where it is stated: "... Two F-14A-GRs were shot down by Mirage F.1EQ fighters and five more by MiG-21." http://lib.rus.ec/b/198512/read, and also on the site "Corner of the Sky": "... Independent sources cite more modest data: in 1982-87 Iraqi pilots chalked up only 6 enemy vehicles (two F-4E, two F-14A, one RF -4E and F-5E}, and only two of them hit the Super 530. There is information in the press that in 1988 one more Phantom and two Tomkets were shot down by the "supers" "Most sources agree that that at least three Tomkets were destroyed: The first was shot down on November 21, 1982 by the Mirage F.1EQ fighter using the Matra R-550 Magic missile launcher. The second confirmed victory of the Mirage F.1EQ-2 over " Tomket "falls on 1- e July 1984 The plane was also destroyed with the UR R-550. In March 1983 the MiG-21 with the help of the R-550 destroyed another F-14A. Both Iranian pilots were captured, where they later admitted that they had never expected that the outdated MiG-21 would be able to shoot down their Tomket. In turn, the Iranian statements look much less modest. They claim 45 enemy aircraft shot down by F-14A. Including a large number of MiG-21, Mirage F.1EQ, MiG-23 and even several Tu-22B and MiG-25RB. Some sources claim that 25 aircraft (in particular the MiG-25RB) were allegedly destroyed by AIM-54A Phoenix missiles, most of which were shot down by the Iranians in a short period of time - from January to February 1983, and the Phoenixes themselves were actively used up to until 1986, when their supply simply ran out. "Against the background of the general decline in the Air Force, these figures look more than unconvincing. Besides, the question immediately arises how the consequences of the 1979 sabotage were overcome. Most sources agree that that in fact "Phoenixes" were not used in battles. The fact of destruction of "Tomkets" only three Iraqi aircraft: two Mirage F.1EQ and one MiG-21 is documented. http://airwar.ru/history/locwar/bv/f14iran/ f14iran.html.
            As for the losses of the Tomkets in Syria-Lebanon in 1982-1983, apart from Yashkin's memoirs, a link to which I gave a link at 16.39:1982 pm, you can read about this on Corner of Heaven: "... in December 6, the Syrian The air defense missile system was shot down by three "Tomkats", accompanying the A-14 attack aircraft when striking targets in Lebanon. " ... I apologize in advance to you and the site administration for such an extensive copy and paste. Yours faithfully! hi
  12. Odysseus
    Odysseus 16 July 2013 20: 14
    +3
    Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
    According to the data of the Chief Soviet Military Advisor in Syria G.P. Yashkin, our anti-aircraft gunners shot down nine American aircraft in December 1983, including five A-6 Intruder, three F-14 Tomcat, one F-4 Phantom II, and four more Israeli and two French carrier-based Super Étendard fighters.

    Alas, the Tomcat’s losses in December 1983 were not confirmed. At least evidence in the form of fragments.
  13. Odysseus
    Odysseus 16 July 2013 20: 25
    +3
    The famous aircraft, the first in the 4th generation. The embodiment of the old American concept of "powerful locator-long-range missiles for DVB." Of course, as it is correctly written in the article, there were problems with the engine with missiles, and the plane was (at the first stage) rather narrowly specialized, and then the concept changed to "stealth aircraft-high-precision missiles with a high probability of defeat", but still a milestone aircraft.
    Moreover, if over the next 2-3 years Iran is drawn into the war, it can still fight.
    PS The picture from Davis-Montana is impressive - thanks Bongo.
    1. tomket
      tomket 16 July 2013 22: 53
      +2
      the US Navy, probably since Pearl Harbor, has been stepping on the same rake, overweight aircraft, and insufficient engine thrust. It would seem that the "demon" and his falling overboard due to lack of traction taught the mind to reason, but then a fat-ass "phantom" appeared, the lessons of Vietnam did not teach anything at first they tried to shove the "McNamara's madness" F-111 onto the deck, then they rework the project and appear -14, I remember at one time there was a trial between the fleet and the mother of the deceased pilot, who fell overboard in an F-14 aircraft carrier. For a long time, the fleet claimed that it was the pilot's fault, but then they took out the plane and found out that there was a loss of thrust, and the pilot was acquitted, posthumously, so to speak.
  14. sergey72
    sergey72 16 July 2013 20: 27
    -1
    That's something like ...