Military Review

The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation by the troops of the Voronezh Front. Part of 3

34
The onset of the 48 tank corps. Included in the strike group of the 48th Corps 11th tank the division and the Great Germany division were to break down the defense of the 67th Guards Rifle Division north-east of Cherkassky and make their way to the Belgorod-Oboyan road. Here they were to unite with parts of the SS corps. The 167th Infantry Division, together with the units of the 11th Panzer Division and the 2nd SS Panzer Corps, was to destroy Soviet troops that would be surrounded between two German Panzer Corps.


On 9.30 6 July, the strike group of the 48 tank corps went on the offensive. Around noon, the divisions of the 11 Tank Division and the Great Germany Tank Grenadier Division went to the rear of the 67 Division of Baksov. In 12.00, Chistyakov ordered the three surrounding regiments to retreat. But it was too late. By evening, the German tanks reached the Dmitrievka area, the 199 and 201-th Guards Rifle Regiments of the 67-th Guards Division and the 153-th Guards Rifle Regiment of the 52-th Guards Rifle Division were surrounded. The “boiler” was cleared by units of the 167 Infantry Division. By July 8, part of the units of the Guard regiments was able to break into the disposition of the Soviet troops.

The 48 tank corps entered the second Soviet army frontier. By the time the German troops reached Dubrov, the main forces of the German tank corps had entered the defense zone of the 3 Mechanized Corps under the command of Semen Krivoshein. The mechanized corps consisted of: 1-I, 3-I, 10-I mechanized, 1-I Guards Tank, 49-I tank brigades, 265-th mortar, 35-nd anti-tank artillery regiments and other units. 6 July 1943, the body of the hull was 222 combat-ready tank. The 5 Guards Tank Corps 1 Guards Brigade commanded by Guards Colonel Vladimir Gorelov and a part of the 49 Tank Brigade fought with the advancing German 5 Tank Division of the Leybshtandart SS division of July 16, due to the encirclement of the units. villages Yakovlevo. The fight continued on July 1. Tankers-guardsmen beat on German armored vehicles from ambushes. As a result of July 6, Krivoshein could use only three mechbrigade tanks - 6 vehicles, and several tanks from the 48 separate armored battalion and the rest of the 113 Guards Tank Brigade - against the troops of the 34 tank corps.

The German command wanted to pierce the corridor before the darkness in the second line of the Soviet defense, and began attacking the positions of the 3-th Mechanized Corps. To break into the Soviet positions, the 39 tank regiment "Panther" and the tank regiment of "Great Germany" were united into a single fist. The Germans introduced into the battle large masses of tanks. However, in the evening of July 6, the defense of the 3 th mechanized corps failed to crack.

The 48 Tank Corps 6 July acted more successfully than the July 5. But he suffered serious losses, which seriously reduced his shock capabilities. In particular, while the 4 July tank regiment of the Great Germany division had 112 combat-ready tanks, including the 14 Tiger heavy tanks, by the end of the day the 6 July lost the 59 machines, including the Tigers 12. The 10 Tank Brigade in the morning of July 6 had a Panther 160, by the end of the day only 40 machines remained in the ranks.


Top shot - Marines of the Das Reich Division help pull out the stuck Tiger. Medium shot - Tankmen 5 th Guards. tank army is preparing a tank for battle. The bottom shot is a StuG 40 Ausf G assault gun, shot down by Captain Vinogradov. Source: Maxim Kolomiets, Mikhail Svirin. With the participation of O. Baronov, D. Nedogonov KURSKAYA ARC 5 July - 23 August 1943 (http://lib.rus.ec/b/224976/read).

July 7

In the evening, 6 on July 4 of the Vatutin Commander issued an order by the forces of the Katukov’s 1 tank army and the remnants of the Kravchenko’s 5 Guards Tank Corps to eliminate the enemy’s breakthrough in the area of ​​Luchkov. Mikhail Katukov decided to launch a counterattack with the forces of five tank brigades of the 3 th mechanized corps and the 31 th tank corps from the north and north-east. The 31 tank corps under the command of Dmitry Cherniyenko included 100, 237, and 242 tank brigades. 4 July its composition was 208 tanks T-34 and T-70.

In turn, the commander of the 4 Tank Army Goth sent troops the order No. 3, which defined the goals and tasks for two days. The 2 corps of the SS and the 48 corps of the tank corps were to destroy the main obstacle on the way to Kursk and Oboyan - the forces of the 1 corps and the 6 guards armies. July 8 corps were supposed to destroy the threat in front of their flanks. Soviet tank units were supposed to be surrounded and destroyed in the region of Sukho-Solotino, Rylsky, Pokrovka, Yakovlevo, Syrtsevo. July 7 troops had to prepare for the attack and improve the starting position. The 48 tank corps was to carry out especially serious work. He was supposed to go deeper into the center of the defense of the Soviet troops along the Oboyan highway. On the left flank to force the river Foam. The 2 th SS tank corps 6 July achieved greater success, so 7 July reduced the intensity of hostilities. To continue the onset of the 2 tank corps, the SS required a significant improvement at the junction with the 48 corps. The Hausser 7 corps of July repelled the attacks of the 3 th mechanized and 31 th tank corps on the left flank and tried to push back the troops of the 2 th Guards Tank Corps - on the right.

The main battles were in the offensive zone of the 48 tank corps. On the morning of July 7, German troops attacked again. Katukov's army occupied the line of defense along the Pena River. The left flank was reinforced by the Cherniyenko 31 tank corps, in the center was the Krivoshein 3 mechanized corps, the Getman 6 tank corps was on the right flank. Here the defenses were kept remnants of 90 and 67 of the Guards Rifle Divisions.

German troops advanced on the positions of the 3rd mechanized and 31st tank corps. The main blow was directed at the 3rd mechanized brigade under the command of Colonel Amazasp Babajanyan. The strike group included armored vehicles of the 11th Panzer Division, the Great Germany Division and the Panther Brigade. Attacks of tank units were traditionally preceded by powerful aviation blows of the 8th air corps. The Germans were able to overcome the engineering structures and after several hours of battle broke through the orders of the 3rd mechanized brigade. Of the 30 tanks of the brigade, only 10 T-34s survived. In the evening, during the counterattack, another 4 tanks were lost. Having wedged 3-4 km into the defensive positions of the 3rd mechanized corps, German troops continued to develop an offensive to the north and at the same time tried to reach the rear of the 1st and 10th mechanized brigades of the Soviet corps on their flanks.

After it turned out the direction of the main attack of the German troops. Katukov was able to attract parts from unattached areas. The 112 tank brigade was withdrawn from the Hetman’s corps and advanced in the direction of movement of the German wedge. In 15.00, the brigade entered the battle and led it until dark. Having lost 20 tanks, the 112 Brigade restrained the movement to the north of the Great Germany division. The movement of the 11 Tank Division along the Oboyan Highway to the north was suspended by means of reserves directed by the front command - the 38-I tank brigade of Colonel M. Z. Kiselev (180 tanks) and two anti-tank divisions armed with 70-mm zenith units arrived from the 85 Army. tools. Overcome the resistance of the arriving units of the Germans on the move could not.

The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation by the troops of the Voronezh Front. Part of 3

A German soldier examines a downed Soviet tank T-34.

Thus, on July 7, the 48 tank corps crushed the defenses of two mechanized brigades of the 3 mechanized corps, one regiment of the 90 Guards rifle division, and advanced by 6 km. But the Germans could not completely break the defense on the second army line of defense. 6-th Guards Army Chistyakov lost most of the 51-th, 52-th and 67-th Guards Rifle Divisions. 90-I Guards Rifle Division was significantly bloodless. 5-th Guards Tank Corps lost most of the tanks, their number was reduced to the composition of only one full-fledged brigade. Artillery and anti-tank units also suffered heavy losses. However, the 4-I tank army of Goth was unable to achieve decisive success with access to the operating room, and the number of tanks in the shock connections was seriously reduced. By the morning of the fourth day of the battle, the “Great Germany” division of more than 300 tanks that were in the compound at the beginning of the battle had only 80 machines. The SS tank corps, which July 4 totaled 578 tanks and ACS, in the morning of July 8 had 306 combat-ready units.



July 8

On the 4 Day of the Kursk Battle, the Voronezh Front began to receive mobile units from the composition of other fronts. The profits of the 10 Tank Corps of Vasily Burkov from the Steppe Front (the Steppe District - before July 9), the 2 Tank Corps of Alexey Popov from the South-Western Front. The arrival of new tank formations prompted the VF command to prepare a new counterblow. They also wanted to attract parts of the 2 and 5 Guards Tank Corps and the 6 Tank Corps from Katukov’s army. However, following the results of the July 7 battles, it became clear that the 1-I tank army could not participate in a counterstrike. In total, 8 July was supposed to take part around 530 tanks and 20 SAU. The tank corps were supposed to inflict a series of strikes on the right flank of the 2 SS tank corps. Almost all the tank corps that were supposed to take part in the counterstrike had their own problems. 5-th Guards Tank Corps, after the oncoming battle and the environment, lost most of the tanks. The remaining were consolidated into two brigades (76 machines). The 2 Guards Tank Corps was separated from the enemy’s position by a river, which reduced its ability to maneuver. The 2 tank corps was moving under its own power from the Urazovo area. His motorized infantry was moving under its own power, lagging behind the tank formations, which reduced the combat capabilities of the corps.

Simultaneously with the preparation of the counterstrike, there was a significant reinforcement of Katukov’s 1 Tank Army. They from the 38 and 40 army were transferred to: 309-th rifle division, 86-th tank brigade (64 tank), 9-th anti-aircraft division, 36-th Guards mortar regiment, three fighter-anti-tank regiment regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiment regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiment regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiment regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiment regiments, three fighter-anti-tank regiment, 76-th tank squadron, 38 anti-tank division, 203 anti-tank division, 21-th Command armed XNUMX-mm guns. In addition, a separate heavy tank regiment (XNUMX KV) was transferred to the reserve of the Katukov army from the XNUMX army.

The German command decided on July 8 to continue the offensive, which was to lead to the encirclement of units of the 1 tank and 6 guards armies. The 48 Corps was attacked by the Great Germany Tank Grenadier Division, the 11 Panzer Division was on the defensive. The SS corps formed two strike groups from the Reich and Leibstandart divisions. On the morning of July 8, SS units hit Cherniyenko on the positions of the 31 tank corps. A powerful blow fell on the hull, which he could not stand. By midday, the SS broke through to Kochetovka, where the command post of the 6 Guards Army was. The situation was critical, but in the evening the shock groups 1 and 2 of the SS Panzer Divisions received orders to withdraw, leaving part of the territory seized during the day, and the plan to link the 8 of the 2 corps with the 48 tank corps in July was thwarted. The withdrawal of the SS troops was connected with the counter-attack of the Soviet tank corps.

The morning attacks of 2 and 5 of the Guards Tank Corps, weakened by previous battles, could not stop the attack of the Hausser corps. They were restrained by air strikes, artillery barriers and assault guns. But the entry into battle of the 2 tank corps forced the German command to take drastic measures. The Popov Corps launched a counter-offensive on 16.00. The offensive had to go on the move, without intelligence and preliminary preparation. The corps brigades suffered great losses: the 26-I tank crew lost the 22 tank, the 99-I tank crew - the 23 tank. However, the corps counter-attacks were serious enough for the command of the 2-th SS Panzer Corps to suspend the attack of the attack groups and withdraw the troops from the occupied territories. The 10 tank corps did not launch an offensive, although it reached the initial positions already in 13.00. Half-day corps stood in place, aimed at the enemy’s flank. Commander Burkov simply ignored the orders of the front command.


Soviet T-70 tanks are preparing for an attack.

July 9

The German command decided to continue the offensive in the northern direction, turning in the sides of the flanks. The 2 SS Corps replaced the “Dead Head” division on the right flank, it was supposed to strengthen the shock forces, with the 167 Infantry Division. This movement lasted quite a lot of time, so on July 9 the 48 tank corps played the most active role in the offensive.

The command of the Voronezh Front predicted quite well the further actions of the enemy. The combat capability of the 1 tank army steadily declined, so the 309 division from the 40 army was advanced to the third defensive line behind Katukov’s army. In addition, the 1 Tank Army was reinforced with the 10 Tank Corps.

Having launched an offensive early in the morning, the 11 Tank Division and Great Germany broke down the resistance of the already drained 67 Guards Rifle Division and hit the 86 Tank Brigade (59 tanks). 14.00 in two brigade battalions left for two cars. In the second half of the day, German troops almost reached the third army line. Further movement of the corps was suspended due to aerial reconnaissance report on the appearance of a mechanized column on the western flank of the 48 corps. "Great Germany" turned to the west.

On July 9, the command of the Voronezh Front was able to stabilize the situation in the direction of Ooyan due to the transfer of forces of the 38 and 40 armies. In addition, on the way of the 48 corps in the north and north-west direction, they deployed the corps of the 10 tank corps transferred from under Prokhorovka.

Strengthening the front at the expense of reserves Rates. Already on July 6, the command of the Voronezh Front asked the Supreme Commander to strengthen the front at the expense of reserves. Stakes that were piling up for a future counteroffensive. Stalin gave the go-ahead.

On July 5, Boris Bakharov's 5 Tank Corps was incorporated into the 18 of the Guards Tank Army under the command of Pavel Rotmistrov. July 6 The 5 th Guards Tank Army and the 5 th Guards Army of Alexey Zhadov were incorporated into the Voronezh Front. The army of Rotmistrov began to move to the area of ​​fighting. On July 8, the army received an order to enter the Prokhorovka area. The long march led to the fact that by July 11 from 721 the army’s armored units had lagged on the march to 200 machines. The 18 tank corps of Bakharov sustained the march worst of all; he left more than half of the vehicles on the road: more than 187 vehicles lagged behind the 8 tanks of July that were in the July 100 corps. In addition, some of the cars after the march had to be sent in for repair. True, the units of the 5 Guards Tank Army that arrived in the Prokhorovka region had some time to put the equipment in order and pull up the stragglers.

5-I Zhadova Guards Army received an order to advance to the Prokhorovka region on July 8. The army consisted of 32 and 33-th Guards Rifle Corps, which included six divisions: 13-th, 66-th, 95-th and 97-th Guards Rifle, 6-th and 9-th Guards Airborne Division. Another division - 42-I Guards Rifle Division, was in reserve with the army commander. Zhadov's army was supposed to 11 July to reach the line of the river Psel and take up defense, not allowing the movement of enemy troops to the north and northeast.

10-11 July

The command of the 4 Tank Army set the 48 Corps task on 10 July 1943 of the year to smash the Soviet troops in the bend of the Pena River. All armored vehicles "Great Germany" was assembled into one fist. The attack was launched by infantry that struck north and north-west, then the tank group was to go on the offensive in a westerly direction. The infantry attack was supposed to deceive the enemy and at the same time cover the flank of the strike force. By the end of the day, German troops were able to advance westwards by about 7 km. Positions 6 th tank corps of the army Katukov were covered from the flanks.

In the morning of July 11, German troops continued their offensive against the position of the 6 tank arm, the 3 gear mechanized corps and the 90 Guards rifle division. The Soviet group under the command of the Hetman numbered about 7,6 thousand people, more than 70 tanks. By 10 hours, German troops went to the rear of the Soviet group of troops. By lunchtime, it was divided into several centers of resistance. Getman gave the order to withdraw. The fighting went on until the evening, part of the encircled troops made their way to their own. According to German data, more than 4 thousand Soviet soldiers were captured. It was the last success of the 48 tank corps in the Battle of Kursk.


German tanks in the Prokhorovka area.

While the 48 Corps surrounded part of the Katukov 1 Panzer Army forces on the Pena River, SS units in the Prokhorovsky sector fought for the third army line of defense. The 2 SS Panzer Corps concentrated its efforts on a narrow section of the front and penetrated the Soviet defenses. After a fierce struggle, units of the “Dead Head” division captured a bridgehead on the north bank of the Psel River.


"Tigers" before the attack on Prokhorovka. 11 July 1943

On July 11, the battle on the Prokhorovsky direction continued. The Soviet command was forced to build defensive orders from suitable reserves. From the march, the 58 th motorized rifle brigade of the 2 th tank corps and the 9 th Guards Airborne Division occupied defensive positions between Psel and the railway. The defenses on the approaches to Prokhorovka were taken over by the connections of the 2 tank corps: 26, 99 and 169 tank brigades, 15-th separate guards tank breakthrough regiment (total 74 tank). Popov's corps was scattered around the front, not representing a single force, so the Leibstandard 11 July fist-hammer made its way along the railroad to Prokhorovka station, occupied the Oktyabrsky state farm. Only by pulling up artillery from the flanks, including Guards rocket launchers, did the Soviet troops stop the enemy and force the SS men to withdraw from Prokhorovka.



To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
The Great Battle of Kursk: Plans and Forces of the Parties
The Great Battle of Kursk: Plans and Forces of the Parties. Part of 2
The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation of the troops of the Central Front
The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation of the troops of the Central Front. Part of 2
The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation of the troops of the Central Front. Part of 3
Great Battle of Kursk: defensive operation of the troops of the Voronezh Front
The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation by the troops of the Voronezh Front. Part of 2
The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation by the troops of the Voronezh Front. Part of 3
The Great Battle of Kursk: a defensive operation by the troops of the Voronezh Front. Part of 4
The Great Battle of Kursk: Operation Kutuzov
The Great Battle of Kursk: Operation Kutuzov. Part of 2
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  1. My address
    My address 13 July 2013 08: 05
    27
    On Radio Freedom an article about the complete victory of the Germans in the Battle of Kursk. Do not touch this idiocy - it turns out he won and ran away. Interesting is another. The States in Europe in the war nothing outstanding, except that the outstanding flight under the Ardennes. But the noise about their contribution! And no one word about the truth. And we normally throw mud and do not answer morally and prison. He thinks that someone needs it.
    1. Klibanophoros
      Klibanophoros 13 July 2013 08: 28
      +2
      In fairness: what about the Ruhr Cauldron?
      1. Den_tw
        Den_tw 14 July 2013 00: 40
        0
        Thalesian cauldron. Losses of the Wehrmacht 500 tanks irrevocably.
        1. Den_tw
          Den_tw 14 July 2013 01: 02
          0
          Yes, in fact, all Allied operations were carried out successfully and without much loss. Well, remember the most difficult landing operations in Italy 42-43., Normandy 44g.
          1. Edward
            Edward 14 July 2013 22: 28
            0
            Quote: Den_TW
            Well, remember the most difficult landing operations in Italy 42-43., Normandy 44g.
            Let us remind you, and we will remember what was there, why, why?
        2. Edward
          Edward 14 July 2013 22: 41
          0
          It was incredibly difficult to carry out this counterattack, but on the night of August 7-8, it finally began. After some success at dawn, the counterattack failed due to Allied air raids. For the first time in history, advancing units were stopped by air bombing alone.
          source http://www.plam.ru/hist/rokovye_reshenija_vermahta/p12.php#metkadoc19

          Tell me, where were the German aces?
          And if in the graves, then the following question:
          - and who hid them there?
          Along the way, tell me, does aviation play at least some role in such wars or not? .. And if you say "Yes, it does", then perhaps you will cease to amaze
          Losses of the Wehrmacht 500 tanks irrevocably
          ..
          Allies - thanks to them for their contribution and help. Let their veterans who were on that OUR WAR - honor and praise to them - let them live as long as possible! Health to them and success!
          Well, who else besides these old men will tell the whole truth about who and where and how they fought ..
    2. Strashila
      Strashila 13 July 2013 08: 36
      23
      Not only there, the ravings of German generals are voiced by other modern historians as well ... on Remberl. The simplest thing is they pull out some episode of a multi-day battle, where the Germans excelled in a separate section ... and project it for the whole time of the battle ... shaking with numbers spike. All Soviet documents are noted, for them the icon is the recollections of German generals and Western researchers.
      I made a review of the article ... they were busy !!! Where I highlighted the contradictions of the pseudo researchers.
      Field of courage and glory
      I read an article on Remberle about Prokhorovka of the type of 7 facts (http://russian7.ru/2013/07/7-glavnyx-faktov-o-proxorovskom-srazhenii/), complete nonsense that there was no Panther ... that means from the findings of the Modern scientists were not tanker Erokhin who destroyed 4 of these tanks ... and other nonsense rejecting the documents of the past, there are experts German generals, according to the article, they almost completely tear off the towers of Soviet tanks with their bare hands, and incinerated the infantry.
      1. max73
        max73 13 July 2013 09: 17
        -2
        And the "panthers", don't you think, were used as part of the 48th shopping mall, which was not near Prokhorovka at all?
        1. Strashila
          Strashila 13 July 2013 10: 00
          +6
          The concept of Prokhorovka ... where it begins and where it ends, there is no answer, there are no clear topographic coordinates ... what happens in the battle to this point Prokhorovka ... and after a meter it ended. This is the main direction of the strike, and along the flanks there are tens of kilometers , a dozen here ... and still it will be Prokhorovka.
          1. max73
            max73 13 July 2013 11: 43
            -1
            if you evaded the answer ...) I knew from childhood that the battle at Prokhorovka was the battle of the 5th Guards TA and 5th Guards A. against 2 CC SS on July 12, 1943 on a fairly narrow section of the front.
    3. Uzoliv
      Uzoliv 13 July 2013 10: 01
      +5
      Quote: My address
      On RADIO FREEDOM an article about the complete victory of the Germans in the Battle of Kursk.

      Especially I climbed this Freedom, found this material, read it and once again made sure that it is better to see once than hear a hundred times. The article, or rather this interview with Boris Sokolov, does not concern the entire Battle of Kursk, but one episode - the battle of Prokhorovka. And we are talking about the fact that the counterstrike of our tank corps failed to deliver a crushing blow to the Germans. At the end of the interview, Sokolov sums up: “Immediately after Prokhorovka, on that day, Soviet troops launched an offensive on the northern face of the Kursk Bulge. It became clear that the German offensive had failed. In addition, it was the largest concentration of Soviet tanks in one sector of the front in the Battle of Kursk. " And where is there about the complete victory of the Germans, or did I find the wrong article?
      1. Edward
        Edward 14 July 2013 13: 08
        +1
        http://wiki.istmat.info/%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%84:%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE%
        D0% B2

        Sokolov B. is also that rat. Listen to these - do not respect yourself.
        1. Edward
          Edward 14 July 2013 19: 49
          0
          Do not follow the link from the VO site. You just need to copy the entire link and paste it into the address bar of the browser.
    4. Tambov we ...
      Tambov we ... 13 July 2013 20: 12
      0
      Well, "won" - but what, then, did they talk about Berlin, a little later?
    5. Den_tw
      Den_tw 14 July 2013 00: 14
      0
      Thalesian cauldron. Losses of the Wehrmacht 500 tanks irrevocably.
  2. 094711601
    094711601 13 July 2013 09: 12
    +6
    Friends! I think it’s hard for normal people to get used to the ravings about the Kursk Bulge! Another question is How to deal with this? If in d \ f that ours, that German historians talk about the Germans losing only 3 tanks in the battle of Prokhorov, and this shows our television, draw conclusions ....
    1. andsavichev2012
      andsavichev2012 13 July 2013 11: 51
      +2
      And they had only 5 tanks and 3 of them lost drinks
    2. Nordwest
      Nordwest 13 July 2013 14: 56
      +1
      And you do not watch your "truthful" d / f with fictional German historians. For this purpose, such left information is provided so that in the future you will be "karmed" from one hand.
  3. Apollo
    Apollo 13 July 2013 09: 34
    +7
    greetings to all hi

    The Battle of Kursk, truly the greatest battle of all time. I bring to your attention infographics and video materials.


    1. Reyngard
      Reyngard 13 July 2013 12: 58
      -14 qualifying.
      First, the Germans are called "fascists", to put it mildly, poorly educated people. They are Nazis. Secondly, the so-called. the battle of Prokhorovka really became one of the most terrible defeats of the Soviet tank formations. Stalin, there is evidence, was going to shoot either Katukov or Lelyushenko for such losses. And if the victory was still achieved, it was not thanks to the tanks, but to the same mother infantry. And Hitler had a hand in this, taking away from Manstein the most combat-ready units at a turning point in the battle.
      1. creak
        creak 13 July 2013 15: 08
        +7
        One who is unfamiliar with the facts can speak of the Battle of the Kursk Bulge as one of the most terrible defeats of Soviet tank formations (and not formations). Without referring to the works of Soviet historians, I can cite the testimony of the chief of staff of the 48th Panzer Corps of the Wehrmacht F. Mellentin: "Operation The citadel ended in total failure. True, the losses of the Russians were greater than the Germans, but from a tactical point of view, neither side managed to achieve a decisive success. But our panzer divisions, which were in such excellent condition at the beginning of the battle, were now bled. After the failure of our offensive, demanded the highest tension from the German troops, the strategic initiative passed to the Russians. " This is the main result of the Battle of Kursk. And Katukov and Lelyushenko in this battle showed themselves very worthy. The commander of the 5th Guards was punished. tank army Rotmistrov, who threw his tanks into an oncoming battle, as a result of which the army really suffered heavy losses (up to 60% of tanks in the 29th Panzer Corps and up to 30% of vehicles in the 18th Panzer Corps).
        1. stalkerwalker
          stalkerwalker 14 July 2013 03: 15
          +4
          Quote: ranger
          whereby the army really suffered heavy losses

          Otherwise, the Hausser tankers went to the operational space, with all the ensuing consequences ...
          In the "battle of all nations" near Grunwald, when the fate of the Slavs was being decided, the Tatar-Mongol cavalry had to be sacrificed, throwing it into a counter battle with the heavily armed Teutonic cavalry. The rumble of the clash of the masses was heard over the entire battlefield. The Tatar-Mongols lost more than half of the "payroll", but the main task was accomplished - the Teutonic equestrian knights were stopped. Otherwise, they would have walked a "plow" through the allied army, which would have decided the outcome of the battle in a sad direction for the Russian-Polish-Lithuanian army.
          1. creak
            creak 14 July 2013 10: 32
            0
            It is not a question of the necessity of sacrificing a part in the name of victory, but of the fact that Rotmistrov’s decision contradicted all the canons of military art and just common sense. It is no coincidence in 1944. after another failure near Vilnius, this commander was finally with a bang removed and more than appointed to command posts. And the title of Hero of the Soviet Union received after the war for the anniversary, having greatly succeeded in myth-making.
            1. stalkerwalker
              stalkerwalker 15 July 2013 02: 13
              +3
              Quote: ranger
              It’s not about the necessity to sacrifice a part in the name of victory

              Good...
              Offer your own version of the solution to that situation in the accelerated version, already knowing the alignment of forces and means?
      2. Garysit
        Garysit 13 July 2013 16: 29
        +5
        After the end of the Battle of Kursk, Deputy Supreme Commander-in-Chief G.K. Zhukov tried to initiate the process of analyzing the events of July 12, 1943 near Prokhorovka, clearly targeting the perpetrators of the awkwardly huge losses - the commander of the Voronezh Front N.F. Vatutin with his peculiar methods of leadership and the commander of the 5th guards tank army P.A. Rotmistrova. They were going to give the last to the tribunal. To analyze the causes of large losses in people and tanks, on the instructions of I.V. Stalin, a commission was created under the chairmanship of G.M. Malenkov, secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), member of the State Defense Committee.

        The materials of this commission are still secret and are kept in the Presidential Archives (the former archive of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU). P.A.Rotmistrov was saved by the successful completion of hostilities. In the conditions of propaganda euphoria after the Battle of Kursk, it was somehow strange to remove from office, and even more so to judge, the commander of one of the most powerful tank armies on the Soviet-German front, which seemed to have just ensured the Kursk "victory". Such an act would surely raise doubts about the unconditional "victory" among its own army and people and among the Western allies. For the latter, the myth of the "invincible and legendary" was concocted with might and main in the light of a secret game already being started in the usual communist spirit.

        In addition, G.K.Zhukov, apparently, did not want to substitute A.M. Vasilevsky, the chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Union, who would also have to answer. Be that as it may, but instead of the Order of Suvorov of the 1st degree, P.A. Rotmistrov received a lower status Order of Kutuzov of the 1st degree, and the commander of the 5th Guards Army A.S. Zhadov, who fought no better, received the Order of the Red Banner, even G.K.Zhukov acquired the order for the Kursk operation - the order of Suvorov, 1st degree, but A.M. Vasilevsky did not receive anything ...

        After the war, P.A. Rotmistrov continued his career, became the Chief Marshal of the armored forces and one of the most important falsifiers of historical events at the Prokhorovka railway station, the author of stupid tales that are still widely circulated in Russia.
      3. FREGATENKAPITAN
        FREGATENKAPITAN 13 July 2013 18: 43
        +9
        Hmm ............ What can I tell you? ......... We perfectly understand all who are fascists. and who are the Nazis ... but, mind you, not now, but even then the Germans were called fascists and Fritzes. (By the way, the Italian units were very offended, considering the Germans unworthy to wear this "high" rank)
        ..Next, the losses, and on both sides were huge, I don’t want to load everyone with numbers now, .... By the way, if you don’t know, the most massive Soviet tank on the arc was not even the T-34-76, but the T-70. ...... at least kill himself, he won't do it not only T-6 "Tiger", but also T-4, .........
        In the dispute about numbers, the main thing was missed ......... The Battle of Kursk was Hitler's last hope for turning point during the war and a breakthrough to Moscow This task was successfully failed thanks to Soviet tankmen, infantry, aviation and artillery ....
      4. Tambov we ...
        Tambov we ... 13 July 2013 20: 28
        +2
        You're scratching, damn it! The Western regional committee did not expect such a thing. Little educated, you say ... Well, well ... Then talk. And they were called fascists, precisely in those days, and the Nazis are an Anglo-Saxon brand. And it is understandable why - in order to hide the efforts of the Western behind the scenes to incite this, as they say now, "controlled chaos." Clear??? Minus you.
  4. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 13 July 2013 09: 52
    11
    Always reading such articles, I remember the film "They fight for the Motherland" and Shukshin .. in the role of a soldier, a kind of hohmach balabol .. and his phrase "Yes, I have boiled over, I will tear their reptiles with my teeth .." ETERNAL MEMORY TO ALL SOLDIERS .. I can’t get a lump in my throat .. WE REMEMBER YOU !!!
  5. Mat
    Mat 13 July 2013 15: 32
    17
    Swedish band Sabaton created a song about the Battle of Kursk. Powerful song dedicated to the feat of our soldiers. With Russian subtitles (we have already tried it) The video sequence and text are impressive. https: // www.
    1. cumastra1
      cumastra1 13 July 2013 20: 41
      +5
      I didn’t think that the Swedes are capable of such a thing. + Definitely!
      1. Tambov we ...
        Tambov we ... 13 July 2013 21: 45
        +1
        A timely vaccination against eurotolerastia, carried out 300 years ago, gives a normal and adequate perception of modern realities.
    2. kazssr
      kazssr 13 July 2013 22: 58
      +1
      + Swedes, definitely. good song
  6. Zerkalo
    Zerkalo 13 July 2013 16: 25
    +9
    Now I watched on the first channel a film about the Battle of Kursk. I don’t know about you, but I cried. I just imagine how our grandfathers and great-grandfathers fought, what HEROES they were !!! Just compare 2 km head-on from the tiger and 500 m head-on from the T34 ... Know about it and go on the attack! And, most importantly, win! To expel them (people, the language will not turn to call them) from our land and trample. Destroy fascism as such! And now I wonder, what have we done? Your grandchildren and great-grandchildren? What??? Hanging out in clubs? We drink beer, spend petrodollars and look at all sorts of Zverev-sand? Have you fought for this? One must be worthy of our ancestors.
    1. family tree
      family tree 13 July 2013 18: 33
      +8
      Quote: Zerkalo
      Just compare 2 km head-on from the tiger and 500 m head-on from the T34 ... Know about it and go on the attack! And, most importantly, win!

      Actually it was much worse. In the front rows were about 120 light T-70s from the 5th Guards T.A.
      They did not penetrate the Tigers at all, out of their forty-fives. Is that on board, point blank, and then sub-caliber.
    2. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 13 July 2013 18: 51
      +5
      Now I watched the video of the Swedes and also a tear broke ................Anyway, the Russian spirit is alive .... and will live!
  7. bublic82009
    bublic82009 13 July 2013 23: 59
    0
    There are legends in every country and every army. here recently I heard a Ukrainian fairy tale about the Zaporozhye chieftain Sirka. so he is almost the savior of Europe from the Turkish yoke. Americans tell tales that they won in World War II. and the Soviet Union supplied cannon fodder like that.
    what are tank troops? where is the aviation? I read only 2 references to our falcons when the raids made unsuccessful and lost the first fights in the air. read about German successes about German aviation. they broke into the defense of our troops, they stopped our counterattacks. and even on the defensive it’s hard to know where the enemy will strike, you need to keep troops on the entire front. and the enemy gathers troops in a fist and breaks through the defense on a narrow front.
  8. Malayan
    Malayan 14 July 2013 00: 14
    +3
    we won!!! My uncle tankman was on the arc !! Reached Berlin and Prague !! Eternal memory and glory !!
  9. dvvv
    dvvv 14 July 2013 00: 56
    -1
    how much I read lately is so upsetting most of all by the stupidity of Soviet military leaders ... How could light tanks be thrown into the attack without artillery preparation and without any preparation for an offensive against the heavy Tigers and medium T-IVs that occupied the defense? That they won is a fact and that the Germans didn’t just back off, but buried themselves in defense and ... couldn’t advance, but at what cost did they reach ?! The winners are not judged ... it is, but who ditched so much technology and people can be very condemned! There was a stupid victory near Prokhorovka ... It was necessary to let the Tigers pass and cut their communications .. how to tear themselves off .. For more than 120 km this army didn’t go along the highway, and in the defense the Tigers easily shot the T-34 and T70! In short, a victory in blood ...
    1. fleet
      fleet 14 July 2013 07: 34
      +4
      Everyone imagines himself a strategist - seeing the battle from the side, you will first miss the tank above you while sitting in a trench, then talk about the dismemberment of communications! Winners are not judged! GLORY TO THE SOVIET SOLDIER - THE WINNER !!!
    2. family tree
      family tree 14 July 2013 08: 37
      +4
      Quote: dvvv
      how much I read lately is so upsetting most of all by the stupidity of Soviet military leaders.

      Near Kursk, and a tank division, Tigrov, one company numbered, later a battalion was made. And they used them to break through, after, the affairs of the infantry and grooves, three rubles and fours. That would have come off, cutting out communications, logistic services and other hospitals. The T-70s were the first to arrive, they entered the battle almost on the move. The Churchills, for example, have practically no combat losses, well, they did not have time, with their 17 km / h across the intersection. A teardrop is a dangerous thing. You can blame everyone for stupidity. For example, are you 100% sure that you know what will happen to you in 5 minutes? Me not. And this is in a quiet, calm atmosphere, and there was a battle. And so, yes, stupid. Hitler, from their stupidity, got drunk on poison with annoyance hi
  10. anarh
    anarh 14 July 2013 02: 23
    +3
    Quote: dvvv
    how much I read lately is so upsetting most of all by the stupidity of Soviet military leaders.

    It is not the stupidity of the Soviet military leaders that upsets, the fortitude of the back mind of some (fortunately, few) descendants who are not familiar with all circumstances, but who undertake to judge, upsets.
    Tactics - the choice of the road leading to victory.
    Strategy - choosing the direction in which ALL roads lead to victory.
    In extreme situations, everyone is wrong.

    But one wins.
    Strong in spirit and choosing the right strategic direction.
    I hope you will not argue that the fascists won?
  11. anarh
    anarh 14 July 2013 02: 48
    0
    Quote: bublic82009
    here recently I heard a Ukrainian fairy tale about the Zaporozhye chieftain Sirka. so he is almost the savior of Europe from the Turkish yoke

    The ataman of the army of Zaprozhsky, Ivan Dmitrovich Sirko, did not save Europe from the Turkish yoke (it saved Ukraine and the south of Russia from the Krymchaks), but the ataman was a great one, and a great and tragic figure.
    Therefore, the legends about him go around this time.
    [img] http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/Ivan_Sirko_ (Repin_Cossac
    ks) _. png? uselang = en [/ img]
  12. Strashila
    Strashila 14 July 2013 10: 08
    +4
    I have already drawn the attention of the researchers-followers of Dr. Goebels to the realities of the events and the consequences of those battles, they stubbornly proved the superiority of the non-renaissance over the Soviet troops ... such as losses they had with nicht, with the Soviet kolosal. They are silent about the end of the battle.At the final stage, the Soviet troops went on the offensive a few days later, and went ahead of schedule ... a total of about 500 German tanks were captured at repair bases, this actually caused the acceleration of events, they did not wait their commissioning. Well, there probably they were on "prevention".
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. slaventi
    slaventi 14 July 2013 17: 08
    0

  15. Turner
    Turner 14 July 2013 17: 12
    0
    I liked a good article. Pisal is not an amateur
  16. batareykin
    batareykin 14 July 2013 23: 58
    0
    Friends! I forget to post a photograph after I visit Prokhorovka. Judging by the idea of ​​either the authors or the curators of the museum, our grandfathers defended such a Russia ...
    1. Edward
      Edward 15 July 2013 00: 11
      0
      The Japanese dreamed from the east to the Urals, the Germans from the west.
      And the Chinese just draw and do not make noise!
  17. Volkhov
    Volkhov 15 July 2013 00: 02
    0
    The second great battle in these places - the first in Mahabharata "Battle of Kurukshetra" (Kursk - Voronezh) - the ancients appreciated chalk (there is a lot of it) and considered the place blessed. And again the battle of kindred peoples - the gods are playing.