Military Review

Time to play and time to fight. On the famous football games since the Second World War

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Time to play and time to fight. On the famous football games since the Second World War

The war buried large and small joys, customary human concerns. However, gradually - so it is clear that a person is arranged - deprivations, losses and the constant presence of hidden troubles became habitual. People remembered a lot and, of course, the most important of all sports arts - football.


22 June 1941, many people of Kiev gathered at the brand new stadium, built on the picturesque slopes of Cherepanova Mountain, girded by a green park. On that day, the USSR championship match was scheduled between the local Dynamo and the Red Army team (as CSKA was then called). The article, published in the newspaper "Soviet Ukraine", showed confidence that from now on Kiev 80-thousandth is the best stadium not only in the Union, but in all of Europe. By the way, on the eve he was assigned - of course, “at the request of the workers” - the name of the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine, Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev.

But on that tragic day, “Kiev was bombed, we were told that the war had begun ...” The stadium survived, but the match was canceled. There was a message that the tickets for the game are valid only for the one that will take place after the war.

On that day, two more meetings in Leningrad did not take place - Zenit - Spartak (Kharkov) and two team-mates - Moscow and local Spartak. The next day, the match was canceled in Minsk - local Dynamo and Trade Unions-2. The city has already heard an artillery cannonade from the approaching front.

But on June 24, two matches nevertheless took place: the Stalingrad Tractor 3–2 won the away Donetsk Stakhanovets, and the Dynamo Tbilisi “copied” this result on their field in a duel against Leningrad teammates. The end of the meeting in Donbass went under the volleys of anti-aircraft guns, which met German fire Aviation.

The next day, “Red Sport” placed the standings, under which there was only one line: “The championship was postponed”. However, it was interrupted forever.

In Europe, 22 Jun has not canceled football matches. A few hours after the announcement of the beginning of the war with the USSR, Berliners began to gather for the German Championship finals of 1940-1941. In the decisive match "Schalke 04" from Gelsenkirchen met with the Vienna "Rapid". A small remark is needed here - after joining the Reich of Austria, the clubs of this country began to play in German tournaments, and the strongest players play for the German national team.

Heavy fights were already taking place on the far Eastern front, but the stands of the crowded 95 of the thousandth stadium in Berlin were keen on another, much closer battle on a green field. Moreover, the spectacle was a success! By the 57 minute, the miners — otherwise they were called the “working team” of the Ruhr — beat Rapid with a deafening 3: 0 score.

It seemed to be over for the Austrians. However, in the remaining time they scored four goals! After the match, the captain of “Schalke” Ernst Kuzorra, smiling bitterly, said: “I understand, this is politics. Three penalties to our gates just will not assign. "

By the way, this man who received many epithets: “a brilliant player, a“ great techie ”,“ game designer ”, like the subtle strategist Franz Schepan, had Slavic roots. The same “flaw” was in the leading players “Schalke” Ernst Calvitsky and Hans Tibulski. Strange, is it true, if the “miners”, as many historians claim, patronized such an ardent advocate of racial purity as Adolf Hitler? And if the club had such a high patron, then why was the team from the Ruhr judged so harshly? Or did the arbitrator confuse the Fuhrer's nationality - the Austrian - with his addictions? In general, the secret is covered with darkness ...

By the way, how did Hitler treat football in general? According to some historians, the Fuhrer did not like the game, considering it a product of the Anglo-Saxon plutocratic system. But a couple of times he was still honored to go to the stadium. For the first time - at the match between Germany and Norway in the framework of the Olympic Games-36 tournament in Berlin. The second time Hitler appeared on football two years later, when the Germans in a friendly match took the British.

Both times the Reich team lost to rivals. Perhaps these facts further aggravated the Fuhrer's dislike for the game, from which millions of Germans were crazy.

... The last summer days of 1939. In Europe, alarm is mounting: Hitler divisions are pulled to the borders of Poland. The humid air above the Vistula and the Narew is filled with German smoky roar tanks. Only a few days remain before the outbreak of World War II.

But in Warsaw, they hope for a miracle and with all their might hold on to the thin thread that separates carefree life from the misfortune hanging over Poland. And fans - they are truly irreparable! - anticipating exciting football: August 27 Polish national team takes the Hungarian world vice-champions.

The cautious optimism of the owners was expressed in the headline on the front page of the newspaper "Psheglond Sportovy", published on the eve of the game: "There is little chance, but we are preparing to fight." These words have a different, tragic meaning.

September 1 The 1939, when the Wehrmacht attacked Poland with all its might ...

In that match, the team with a proud eagle on a T-shirt, defying the authority of the opponents, played beautifully and inspiredly. She seemed to say goodbye to a peaceful life. The final whistle sounded, and the rostrum reached the glee - Poland defeated distinguished guests with an 4: 2 score. If viewers knew what terrible ordeals await them ahead ...

Even after the start of World War II, football did not go into the shadows. Continued and international meetings. For example, in the autumn of 1939, the German national team defeated Yugoslavia with a score of 5: 1, and then in its field arranged for the world champions - the Italians: 5: 2!

Matches at the highest level continued - in the fortieth, and in the forty-first, and in the forty-second years! Today, it is strange to imagine such a thing: war was raging on the planet, houses collapsed, people died, and football still stirred the hearts of people!

Germany's national team was more active than others, as if trying to prove that its strength is a kind of intimidating power of the Wehrmacht. Sometimes it was possible: with the 9: 3 score, the Germans smashed the Romanians, defeated the Danes and the Swiss.

However, they often lurked failures. And if earlier small football disappointments were not taken seriously, then over time the spectacle of goals scored against Germany began to generate “military associations”. After all, the Wehrmacht, too, again and again began to suffer defeat! After the failure of the Reich team in a game with Sweden in September 1942, the Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels wrote in his diary: “One hundred thousand distressed spectators left the stadium. Winning this match was more dear to their hearts than taking any city in the east. ” After that, the German national team, at the insistence of Goebbels, stopped playing in her field, because, according to the minister, sporting failures, no less than the military, could shake the morale of the nation.

The Reich team spent their last match on 22 on November 1942 of the year in Bratislava with the Slovak national team. Almost every movement of the guests was accompanied by whistles and insulting shouts ...

The fates of many coaches and footballers were tragic. Thus, the coach of the national team of Norway Asbjorn Halvorsen was a member of the resistance and was sent to a concentration camp. But, the truth, survived. But the former player of the German national team, a participant in the 1912 Olympiad of the year Julius Hirsch, who suffered because of his nationality, died in Auschwitz. Another Jew from that team, Gottfried Fuchs, who scored ten (!) Goals against the Russian national team, managed to escape from his cruel homeland in time.

Has got from Nazis to the attacking Munich "Bavaria" Oscar Popu. Even before the war, he left the country and played for European clubs. When the Germans occupied France, he was arrested for “selling abroad like some kind of gladiator” and sent to a concentration camp. The forward was saved by one high-ranking fan, and the conclusion was replaced by “soldiery” - by sending to the Eastern Front.

For the time being, football players, especially well-known players, avoided the army in various ways. But when things went wrong with the Wehrmacht, the stars turned into ordinary cannon fodder. In total, about 50 football players died during the war, at various times playing for the German national team.

However, we will return to domestic football spaces. After the cancellation of the USSR Championship 1941, there was a slight lull.

But soon - when the Germans rushed to Moscow! - Moscow Cup games and the city championship started. Truly football raised the morale of no less patriotic speeches and hot appeals at any cost to stop the enemy!

The first tournament was completed, the second one was interrupted, because at that time the enemy was standing near the capital. In the subsequent war years, both Moscow tournaments finished safely. Each match was an amazing drama of the picture: people, forgetting about the troubles and troubles, were hotly aching, and the players, as in peacetime, were desperately fighting for each ball ...

Shortly after the victorious battle was completed - in the spring of 1943, the match took place in Stalingrad - between the local Dynamo and Spartak Moscow. Preparation for it took almost a week: enthusiasts cleaned the field tirelessly and filled up the craters.

They remembered about the ball game even in besieged Leningrad, where the match participants and the fans were equally exhausted. They followed the game while standing, since the wooden stands of the Lenin Stadium were dismantled for firewood in winter.

The match between Dynamo Kyiv and TsDKA - this was the name of the “Red Army Command”, canceled on 22 on June 1941, was held in three years - on June 25 of 1944. Although the opening ceremony of the stadium was solemn - with performances of athletes, gymnasts and weightlifters - sadness soared above the stands. There were still battles, people died, and in the Kiev team there were no players declared for the game that failed: Nikolay Trusevich, Alexey Klimenko, Pavel Komarov. In 1942, in occupied Kiev, they played their last game in life, the so-called "Death Match" ...

A lot of famous players left to fight. The brothers Shelagin - Eugene, Valentin and Boris, who played in various Leningrad teams, their fellow Dinamoer Georgy Ivanov, Peter Sychev from the Stalingrad "Tractor" died on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Returned home, crowned with military awards, Moscow torpedo squad Nikolai Senyukov, Leningrad Dynamo Viktor Nabutov, his capital teammate Vladimir Savdunin, Moscow Spartak Vladislav Zhmelkov.

This is only a small part of football players who have had time to play and time to fight.

... The war is rapidly approaching the borders of Germany. But the knocking of the balls does not subside. Of course, the quality of the game has faded, since the best players changed their sports equipment to military uniforms. Some of them have already been killed, such as Ernst Blum and Otto Böckle from Stuttgart, Bavaria players Josef Bergmayer and Franz Krumm, Adolf Urban from Schalke. Compositions of the team fill the boys or men under forty, somehow escaped the front. They run around the field under the whistling and grumbling of fans, the general meaning of which is expressed in a short phrase: where are we going? It applies equally to football and to the situation on the fronts. Matches are increasingly interrupted by alarms.

23 April 1945 th, in bombed, hungry and chaotic Germany, the last football match of the Second World War took place.

Countrymen met in Munich: Bavaria - TSV-1860. Imagine - almost 25 of thousands of fans came to that game! And this is despite the fact that the war continued to gather its bloody harvest: a few hours before the game, the Bavarians buried their team-mate who died during an air raid.

In the Soviet Union, official games were resumed in 1944 when the national cup was played. And in the forty-fifth, a few days after the Victory, the national championship began. It opened a second time ...

Ten years after the end of the Second World War - in August 1955 of the year - a meeting of the USSR - FRG was held at the Moscow Dynamo Stadium. It is curious that Sepp Herberger, who headed the team of the Third Reich in 30-40, was the head coach of the guests. In the same team, the Kaiserslautern Forward played Fritz Walter - then the Wehrmacht soldiers, and even later - the Soviet prisoner of war. In August fifty-fifth, he stepped onto the lawn of the Moscow stadium with a captain's armband.

In addition to purely sports interest - will the Soviet football players be able to fight the world champions? - the undercurrent, even the furious implication of the match was obvious. For the first time in the peaceful game, there were representatives of peoples who had only recently been fiercely hostile.

And so the memory of the war soared invisibly over the Dynamo stadium. It was reflected in the conversations, in the guise of fans: the stands were full of people with disabilities who were creaking prostheses, people in worn soldier's tunic, ringing with military awards. Football in their harsh, harsh life remained the only joy, and they were eager to repeat the delight of the victorious forty-fifth. But not at any cost, but in fair sports.

In that match, the USSR national team simply had no right to lose. And she won 3: 2 in an incredibly hard but honest fight.

“Go back to that match and see there:
end the war is not a gesture of Themis,
but only when, forgetting insults,
War is killed in a disabled person
war cut in half. "

These are words from Yevgeny Yevtushenko’s poem “Report from the Last Century”.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.stoletie.ru/
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  1. nepopadun
    nepopadun 12 July 2013 09: 27
    +5
    It's a pity our players are not as glorious as in the USSR
    1. Gari
      Gari 12 July 2013 10: 06
      +6
      Quote: nepopadun
      It's a pity our players are not as glorious as in the USSR

      There were times when our national team of the USSR reigned in European and world football. The USSR team won the European Championship first. In 1956, in Melbourne, the football team of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics defeated the Yugoslav national team and took first place, and from 1960 to 1972 reached the final three times.
      Silver at the 1988 European Football Championship.
      Two years before the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1988, the team last took first place in Seoul at the Olympic Games. After the collapse of neither the Russian national team, nor the Ukrainian national team, nor the national teams of other countries that were part of the USSR, it was not possible to repeat the feats that the football team of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics once did.
      1. smersh70
        smersh70 12 July 2013 15: 15
        -1
        Quote: Gari
        After the collapse of neither the Russian national team, nor the Ukrainian national team, nor the national teams of other countries that were part of the USSR, it was not possible to repeat the feats that the football team of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics once did.


        Well, you are again inaccurate! 3rd place of the Russian team at the European Championship !!!!! Dynamo (Kiev) reached the semi-finals of the Champions League in 1992 !! even the USSR teams did not achieve such success .. (Dynamo from Tbilisi and Kiev took the Cup of cups in 81 and 76 years, but this does not compare in the Champions League)
        1. Gari
          Gari 12 July 2013 15: 26
          +2
          Quote: smersh70
          (Dynamo from Tbilisi and Kiev took the Cup of cups in 81 and 76, but this does not compare in the Champions League)

          In those days, the Cup of Cups was a very worthy prize, and you well reminded me of these Victories at the club level - can it really be that you reached the semi-finals in Victory?
          1. Gari
            Gari 12 July 2013 15: 28
            +2
            And is it possible to compare the money that they earn now and then, but then they played for the idea, for the country
        2. kazssr
          kazssr 12 July 2013 19: 14
          0
          but Kiev and Spartak came out during the times of the USSR 1/2 Champions Cup final
  2. misham
    misham 12 July 2013 10: 29
    0
    There was no death match in Kiev. The legend is beautiful and tragic. Everything was not as described by Lev Kassil. And the Germans and Hungarians played fair, the judges did not judge anyone. Kievyalne (pros) easily beat lovers. There was no Luftwaffe team (reinforced by collections from the Reich), there was only a team of a military unit (by modern standards).
    A part of Dynamo football players ended up in a concentration camp and died tragically, but this is a completely different story. The denunciations of the bastards in the Gestapo (that football players are saboteurs and spies of the NKVD) played a role.
    1. tt75tt
      tt75tt 12 July 2013 19: 08
      +1
      how do you know that there was no "death" match?
  3. Evgeniy46
    Evgeniy46 12 July 2013 11: 41
    0
    May 1942, Kuibyshev (Samara). The hardest battles were fought on the fronts, and soon a heavy defeat of the Soviet Army near Kharkov was to take place. And at this time, a team was born in the evacuation, which became a permanent participant in the Premier League of the USSR and Russia and celebrated its 70th anniversary a year ago. And even if our falls alternate with ups, but we are always with Wings of the Soviets. This I mean that even in the most difficult moments of the war, football remained football
  4. RoTTor
    RoTTor 12 July 2013 13: 53
    0
    The film "Match" about the Kiev footballers during the occupation was made with the maximum historical accuracy possible for a feature film. It is not surprising that he caused such anger among the descendants of the policemen, who are now the most superpatriots.

    The legend was necessary for our country and our people. Embellishment in it is within acceptable limits.

    The Wings of the Soviets team was created with funds from the Kuibyshev aircraft factories from Bezymyanka (they were evacuated there from Moscow, Voronezh, Kiev). According to the stories of relatives, who called one of these factories, recreated it from scratch and worked there throughout the war: by 1944, the work of the aircraft factory was adjusted like clockwork. The intervention of the then director in the production process was minimal - the main thing is that the director, who was hanged with the general's shoulder straps, did not interfere. He became obsessed with football: while the factory workers worked in the workshops on 12-hour shifts, the whole war without holidays, almost without days off, they ate more than modestly on ration cards, lived in barracks, etc., the football players, of course, were not factory workers and were close to the aircraft factory did not work, lived as under communism - ate according to the flight rate, like test pilots. The director flew to the matches and training camps in the director's office "Douglas", the director himself and his mistress also flew with them to "cheer". So in the war, the "KS" in Kuibyshev did not like their own.
    1. Evgeniy46
      Evgeniy46 12 July 2013 15: 47
      0
      Quote: RoTTor
      The director flew to the matches and training camps in the director's official "Douglas", the director himself and his mistress also flew with them to "cheer". So in the war, the "KS" in Kuibyshev did not like their own.

      compare with today. You can remember the winter of 2009-2010, when the fans went to rallies for the preservation of the team. Or the recent 29th round with a full stadium against Rubin
  5. Corsair
    Corsair 12 July 2013 14: 56
    +1
    German aerial photography of Kiev in June 1941. The Stalin Republican stadium, which was built but never opened, is highlighted in color. The numbers are German designations of key objects in Kiev.
    Clickable Image
  6. Corsair
    Corsair 12 July 2013 15: 06
    +1
    A little continuation of the topic ...
    In 1945, the football team Dynamo (Moscow) made its famous tour of England. Soviet football players (V.M. Bobrov, A.P. Khomich and others) met with the strongest English teams. Series total score 2:0 in favor of Muscovites. Dynamo tied with "Челси"(3:3) and "Rangers"(2:2), overwhelmed "Cardiff"(10:1) and won (4:3) at the eminent "Arsenal»With dense fog and almost zero visibility.
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 12 July 2013 15: 09
      +3
      Quote: Corsair
      Chelsea (3: 3) and Rangers (2: 2), defeated Cardiff (10: 1) and won (4: 3) against the famous Arsenal with heavy fog and almost zero visibility.



      and Alekper Mammadov, now alive !!!! scored the most swords !!!! .. and in the game with Arsenal, all 4 goals !!!!!! hi
    2. Xnumx kopeek
      Xnumx kopeek 13 July 2013 04: 40
      0
      Quote: Corsair
      A little continuation of the topic ...
      In 1945, the football team Dynamo (Moscow) made its famous tour of England. Soviet football players (V.M. Bobrov, A.P. Khomich and others) met with the strongest English teams. Series total score 2:0 in favor of Muscovites. Dynamo tied with "Челси"(3:3) and "Rangers"(2:2), overwhelmed "Cardiff"(10:1) and won (4:3) at the eminent "Arsenal»With dense fog and almost zero visibility.
      -
      -after a series of that a banquet was struck, and the floor was taken / toast / Bobrov /? / - turning to the British, he began- "Dear ladies and Hamilton!" - / instead of "and gentlemen" / - / the fact is that our football players had seen enough of the film before- "Lady Hamilton" / - laughing -
      The case went down in history.
  7. FC SKIF
    FC SKIF 12 July 2013 16: 37
    +2
    Football at war is a wonderful propaganda move which means: everything is fine with us, we are not broken.
  8. Enot-poloskun
    Enot-poloskun 12 July 2013 20: 25
    +3
    Thank you for the article!

    I, as a Leningrader (well, I was born in the city of Leningrad, in the USSR), I will never forget that in the harsh days of the blockade, a football match was held in the city.

    There is a very good article on Voennoye Obozreniye:

    http://topwar.ru/14171-futbolnyy-match-v-blokadnom-leningrade.html

    Let me insert excerpts from it.

    6 May 1942 was decided to hold a football match at the Dynamo stadium in besieged Leningrad.

    In April, German planes 1942 scattered leaflets above our parts: “Leningrad is the city of the dead. We do not take it yet, because we are afraid of a deadly epidemic. We have wiped this city from the face of the earth. ”

    It’s hard to say who remembered about football first, but the 6 of May 1942, the Leningrad Executive Committee decided to hold a football match at the Dynamo stadium. Thus, in the besieged Leningrad 31 in May, a football match was held between the teams of Dynamo and the Leningrad Metal Plant. The game, which took place in May at Dynamo Stadium, refuted the arguments of enemy propaganda. Leningrad lived and even played football!

    It was not easy to recruit 22 man. For this match, former players were recalled from the front line. The footballers understood that they would make Leningraders happy with their game and show the whole country that Leningrad is alive.

    The Dynamo team was almost entirely made up of footballers playing for this club before the war, while the factory team was heterogeneous - those who could play and who were strong enough to play football played because the hungry residents of Leningrad barely enough to just move around.

    Not all athletes were able to enter the field. Too much exhaustion prevented them from taking part in the game. With great difficulty, the midfielder of “Zenith” A. Mishuk, who was discharged from the hospital after the severe stage of dystrophy, could play. The first ball, taken by him in the game on his head, knocked him off his feet.
    The field of the Dynamo stadium was “plowed up” by bombers. It was impossible to play on it. Played on the reserve field of the stadium. The townspeople did not warn about the match. Fans were wounded from a nearby hospital.
    The match consisted of two shortened times for 30 minutes. The meeting was held without replacements. The second half of the players spent under the bombing. How could exhausted and exhausted players to spend on the field all this time, no one knows.

    At first, the slow movement across the field of these people was little reminiscent of a sports competition. If a football player fell - to stand up himself was not strong. The spectators, as in the pre-war years, encouraged the players. Gradually, the game improved. They didn’t sit down on the grass, they knew they wouldn’t be able to rise. After the match, the players left the field in an embrace, so it was easier to go. The match in the besieged city was not easy. It was a feat!

    The fact of the match in the besieged city did not go unnoticed by either ours or the Germans. He caused a huge resonance throughout the country, so raised the spirit of the inhabitants of the city.
  9. Xnumx kopeek
    Xnumx kopeek 13 July 2013 04: 34
    0
    Quote: Gari
    Quote: nepopadun
    It's a pity our players are not as glorious as in the USSR

    There were times when our national team of the USSR reigned in European and world football. The USSR team won the European Championship first. In 1956, in Melbourne, the football team of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics defeated the Yugoslav national team and took first place, and from 1960 to 1972 reached the final three times.
    Silver at the 1988 European Football Championship.
    Two years before the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1988, the team last took first place in Seoul at the Olympic Games. After the collapse of neither the Russian national team, nor the Ukrainian national team, nor the national teams of other countries that were part of the USSR, it was not possible to repeat the feats that the football team of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics once did.

    The USSR did not reach the finals / 1960-72 / -in mundiales-Bronze / small / in England-1966.-Yes, and the USSR was often condemned then / according to polit. motive / -
  10. Corsair
    Corsair 13 July 2013 12: 20
    +1
    Quote from the article:
    In that match, the USSR national team simply had no right to lose. And she won 3: 2 in an incredibly hard but honest fight.

    How this commentary approaches the Battle of Prokhorovka!
    The Russians played in a tough "tackle" ... And swept the opponent off the field! The result is an impressive victory!