According to the rating of the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) for 2012 a year, the rest of the world’s leader in the global arms race, the number of armed forces is less than 10000 people (the condition of being ranked), is noticeably lagging behind. Nevertheless, quite large defense budgets can boast of such states as China, Russia, Great Britain, Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, India, Germany, and Italy. All these countries are in the top ten.
Rating illustrated in the magazine Kommersant Money. The material also states that world military spending in 2012 was estimated at 1,756 trillion. dollars, or 2,5% of global GDP. The largest increase in military spending in 2003-2012. demonstrated Saudi Arabia and the BRIC countries.
It is noted that the most expensive military campaigns of the XXI century were operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. In total, they cost the US $ 4-6 trillion. dollars, if we consider the costs of social security of servicemen.
The United States occupy a “star” position in the rating, far ahead of all other countries in spending: 682 billion dollars in 2012 and 39% of the global share of defense spending (an increase of 2003% compared to 32).
In the second position - China: 166 billion dollars, 9,5%, an increase of 175%.
Russia ranks third: 90,7 billion, 5,2%, an increase of 113%.
Next come the UK (60,8 billion, 3,5%, an increase of 4,9%); Japan (59,3 billion, 3,4%, an increase of 3,6%); France (58,9 billion, 3,4%, an increase of 3,3%); Saudi Arabia (56,7 billion, 3,2%, an increase of 111%); India (46,1 billion, 2,6%, an increase of 65%); Germany (45,8 billion, 2,6%, an increase of 1,5%); Italy (34,0 billion, 1,9%, an increase of 19%).
Thus, it is clear that the undisputed leaders in the growth of military spending from 2003 to 2012. are China, Russia and Saudi Arabia.
There is in the ranking and indicator of the share of military spending in relation to the GDP of the state. The largest military expenses are in 2012 for Saudi Arabia (8,26%), Oman (6,42%), Israel (5,99%), Yemen, (5,50%), USA (4,91%), Jordan (4,82%), Algeria (4,47%) , Iraq (4,46%), Myanmar (4,42%), Armenia (3,77%). The Saudis are the clear leader in this indicator.
As for the number of armies in the world, the PRC is surely rushing ahead: 2285 thousand people. The second largest country in the Armed Forces is the United States (1580 thousand). In third place - India (1325 thousand people). The top five are closed by the DPRK (1106 thousand people) and Russia (1026 thousand people).
Among the most militarized countries in terms of the ratio of military personnel to the economically active population are: DPRK (7,47% of military personnel), Eritrea (7,30%), Iraq (7,17%), Jordan (5,85%), Syria (5,60%), Israel (5,53% ), Lebanon (3,93%), Oman (3,28%), Armenia (3,18%), Djibouti (3,13%).
Meanwhile, The Wall Street Journal is sounding the alarm. The United States is currently cutting back on military spending, and “growing world powers” are becoming more aggressive. According to the magazine, which leads Газета.руFirst of all, we are talking about Russia, China and Iran. These countries more often and more often arrange for American allies in the South China Sea, Georgia and the Strait of Hormuz. They violate air and sea space, and at the same time exert diplomatic pressure to evaluate the response of American partners, the article notes. Therefore, according to the publication, the United States should develop a new global strategy.
From media reports it is known that on the 2013 fiscal year, the US military budget was approved in the amount of 633 billion, which is almost 50 billion less than on 2012.
In the 2013 fiscal year, the United States will cut its military budget by 87 billion. Before 2017, the American defense industry will cut 259 billion dollars, and in ten years 487 billion dollars.
As Lyubov Lyulko notes (To Pravda.Ru), referring to the forecast of the National Intelligence Council of the United States from 2008, the largest in the world by 2025 will be the Chinese defense complex. This is part of the "Chinese dream". The military budget of China, according to IHS Global Insight, will double over the period from 2011 to 2015 a year and exceed the total defense spending of all the other APR countries.
The United States is far from the US, but the ratio between them has decreased from 7 to 1 in 2003 to 4 to 1 in 2012, SIPRI report author Sam Perlo-Freeman told the Associated Press. He stressed the fact that the qualitative gap is incredibly high: the USA has 11 aircraft carriers, and China has 1. “It takes time for quantitative indicators to develop into qualitative changes,” said Perlo-Freeman.
It should be noted that when implementing the long-term budget cuts by the United States for defense, China and Russia will emerge as the leaders of the SIPRI list.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
- especially for topwar.ru