Military Review

Europe is preparing a new rocket

51

The approved configuration of the future rocket was presented today by the head of the National Center for Space Research (CNES) of France, Jean-Yves Le Gal.


As the head of the French space agency, which is the main developer of the Ariane missiles, stressed, the carrier of the new generation is being created taking into account the requirements to reduce the cost of launches. “One of the main conditions was cost optimization. This configuration has retained the original design of the “Arian-6,” Le Gal said. “It has become the fruit of a broad consensus among all participants in the program.”

According to the head of CNES, the first launches of Ariane-6 can be expected by the 2019-2021 years. In this case, they will be cheaper on 30 percent cheaper than the start of the carriers of the current generation. If the cost of launching Ariane-5 launch vehicle (PH) is 100 million euros, then for Ariane-6, the launch cost will be 70 million euros. The rocket will be able to launch spacecraft with a mass from 3 to 6,5 tons into geopotransfer orbit, which will satisfy both state and commercial customers.

According to the presented layout, the launch vehicle will use a three-stage scheme. The first stage will be carried out according to the package scheme and consist of three P135 solid propellant accelerators, each of which will have one solid propellant rocket engine (RDTT). The mass of each of the accelerators will be 135 tons.

The second stage will also be solid fuel and have one solid propellant Р135. The third stage will be liquid and it will contain one oxygen-hydrogen cryogenic Vinci rocket engine. Above the third stage will be a payload compartment with a fairing with a diameter of 5,4 m, as in the launch vehicle “Arian-5”.

The development of the LRE is coordinated by the French company Snekma (Safran group). As expected, for the first time this type of engine will be tested on the Ariane-5 ME rocket - a new modification of the carrier of the modern generation, the appearance of which will take place no earlier than 2017 of the year.

The height of the "Arian-6" will be 50,6 m, the starting mass - 660 t. When launching the rocket, the total thrust of the three solid-fuel rocket blocks will be 760 tf.

The new rocket can be launched up to 10-15 once a year, which will require the annual release of the 40-60 RTD.

Work on the family of missiles "Ariane" were initiated by France in the 1970-ies. The current fifth generation of these launch vehicles belongs to the heavy class and allows us to put a payload of up to 10,5 tons into low reference and geo-transient orbits. Since 1996, from the Kourou launch site, 69 launches have been made, of which 65 are successful.

Despite the commercial success of the program, the European Space Agency (ESA) is concerned about the high cost of production of Arian-5, due to which the rocket may soon lose its competitive advantages. At the ministerial meeting of ESA in November 2012, it was decided to allocate 157 million euros for the elaboration of the project of a new rocket, which would immediately replace the “Arian-5” and the Russian “Unions” in Kura. The final decision on the transition to a new generation of “Arian” should be made in 2014 year.
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/news/16686
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  1. fzr1000
    fzr1000 10 July 2013 12: 30
    22
    Some kind of tolerant design. Feminists and lesbians will not like it.
    1. ShturmKGB
      ShturmKGB 10 July 2013 13: 51
      15
      Male, life-affirming symbol)
      1. Manager
        Manager 10 July 2013 16: 25
        +3
        ShturmKGB
        Male, life-affirming symbol)

        The symbol of fertility!
      2. AK-47
        AK-47 10 July 2013 20: 10
        0
        Quote: fzr1000
        Some kind of tolerant design. Feminists and lesbians will not like it.

        ShturmKGB
        Male, life-affirming symbol)

        The name "Phallus" of this design will be in line.
    2. Sirs
      Sirs 11 July 2013 03: 23
      0
      For sure))))
  2. Vlad_Mir
    Vlad_Mir 10 July 2013 12: 31
    +1
    Against the background of the Proton accident, the news is not very pleasant!
    1. buzuke
      buzuke 10 July 2013 13: 11
      +2
      What made you so upset?
      1. dustycat
        dustycat 10 July 2013 19: 28
        +1
        It is sad that in our time, solid-fuel first steps were buried.
        And they are much cheaper.
    2. AK-47
      AK-47 10 July 2013 13: 51
      +8
      Quote: Vlad_Mir
      Against the background of the Proton accident, the news is not very pleasant!

      Do not be sad, they have everything ahead. what
      1. Karabu
        Karabu 10 July 2013 18: 50
        -4
        Quote: AK-47
        Quote: Vlad_Mir
        Against the background of the Proton accident, the news is not very pleasant!
        Do not be sad, they have everything ahead

        and it seems behind us, and since the year 91 the wheel of development has turned back. every year more and more convinced of this
        1. alexng
          alexng 11 July 2013 06: 41
          +3
          Quote: Karabu
          since 91, the wheel of development has turned back. every year more and more convinced of this


          And all because in Russia they did not begin to print about theoretical achievements and calculations with detailed descriptions in the periodical press and in the world, progress was immediately slowed down. After all, Japan at one time in our periodicals on science and technology crawled out into the world leaders in the field of advanced technologies, because before everything was printed in periodicals and, moreover, not patented, here the adversaries used this. And now the shop is closed and the West is in a state of stagnation for the past decades, perfecting only the old. But the backlog of modernization has its limits.
        2. Ezhaak
          Ezhaak 11 July 2013 12: 10
          0
          Quote: Karabu
          the wheel of development has turned back. every year more and more convinced of this

          How is it possible to survive in this world with such a huge amount of pessimism, And do not even think about suicide? Maybe this link will save you a fair amount of pessimism: http://politobzor.net/show-1638-kak-roskosmos-ot-nasa-otstaval-raketostroenie.ht
          ml
        3. AVV
          AVV 20 July 2013 11: 31
          0
          Russian Angara must appear earlier !!!
  3. svp67
    svp67 10 July 2013 12: 34
    +4
    According to the head of CNES, the first launches of Arian-6 can be expected by the 2019-2021 years. At the same time, they will cost 30 percent cheaper than the launches of carriers of the current generation.
    Here it is normal competition, and what is our Roscosmos ready to offer? Isn’t it time for his leaders to slander well, for which they receive not small salaries?
    1. IRBIS
      IRBIS 10 July 2013 14: 09
      +5
      Quote: svp67
      and what is our Roscosmos ready to offer?

      Our Roskosmos can send those who prepare and launch Protons to them. To organize a "brain drain", so to speak. Especially the brain that messed up the wires on the last rocket.
      1. svp67
        svp67 10 July 2013 14: 12
        +2
        Quote: IRBIS
        To organize a "brain drain", so to speak. Especially the brain that messed up the wires on the last rocket.

        I think that here the color of the "leaking substance" is different and the smell ... lol . And I would not mind ...
      2. Ezhaak
        Ezhaak 11 July 2013 17: 42
        0
        Quote: IRBIS
        Especially the brain that messed up the wires on the last rocket.

        Citizens, how many times do not read "Moskovsky Komsomolets" from early morning, and in the evening, too, do not need to read it. The missile men themselves do not yet know what happened to the rocket and why it left the table 0,4 seconds earlier. And the scribblers know everything. Looks like the finger from which they suck everything is very swollen and festering. And an artificial intelligence rocket. She was offended that the soldiers could find the entangled wires and decided to punish them by leaving the table earlier.
      3. studentmati
        studentmati 29 July 2013 01: 50
        -1
        Quote: IRBIS
        Especially the brain that messed up the wires on the last rocket.


        At the extreme, not at the last.

        Did anyone initially ask how his family lives, what do the children eat, what they wear and where do they study? What dividends and bonuses did he, as the most responsible person, in the "CORPORATION" with a big name receive according to the results of the next financial year?
        1. studentmati
          studentmati 29 July 2013 02: 27
          0
          Waiting for arguments.
    2. Su24
      Su24 10 July 2013 15: 51
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      According to the head of CNES, the first launches of Arian-6 can be expected by the 2019-2021 years. At the same time, they will cost 30 percent cheaper than the launches of carriers of the current generation.
      Here it is normal competition, and what is our Roscosmos ready to offer? Isn’t it time for his leaders to slander well, for which they receive not small salaries?


      He can and should soon offer the Angara, actually.
      1. dustycat
        dustycat 10 July 2013 19: 30
        -3
        But nothing that the Protons now let out of the Angara site?
        Where even Yangel wouldn’t let them go.
        So most likely the Angara was already buried.
  4. user
    user 10 July 2013 12: 39
    +2
    If the next reorganization of Roskosmos fails We may lose the market for commercial launches
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 10 July 2013 13: 00
      +2
      There is a crisis in Europe, so a double-edged sword turns out. On the one hand, this is expensive production, on the other hand, revitalizing the industry with new orders and jobs, obtaining guarantees of a successful first-hand launch. Here only life will show what will happen.
      And we have "Angara" on the way.
      1. Basileus
        Basileus 10 July 2013 13: 57
        +2
        She has been on the way for many years now. It is time to start up already, and not to carry models on exhibitions.

        upd:
        Sorry, already read below)
  5. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 10 July 2013 13: 06
    +2
    Everything is developing while Roskosmos is running old models and, moreover, losing their reliability.
    Are we really going to live when we order a "taxi" to orbit for our cosmonauts?
    We need tight control over Roscosmos and we need new launch vehicles!
    1. Gromily4
      Gromily4 10 July 2013 13: 22
      +1
      So after all, they build the Angara launch vehicle.
      1. svp67
        svp67 10 July 2013 13: 29
        +1
        Quote: Gromily4
        So after all, they build the Angara launch vehicle.
        And how many years is this construction? Where are the launches?
        1. fzr1000
          fzr1000 10 July 2013 13: 34
          +4
          The first is planned in 2014. Ariana has plans in 2019 only.
          1. svp67
            svp67 10 July 2013 16: 45
            +1
            Quote: fzr1000
            The first is planned in 2014 year.
            And how many years have they been designing it? the impression is that it is calculated using a slide rule ...
            1. Ezhaak
              Ezhaak 11 July 2013 12: 21
              0
              Quote: svp67
              And how many years have they been designing it?

              Sergey, you forget the common truth. Rabbits quickly breed. As smart people used to say: No need to hurry! Or slowly hurry! (Emperor Augustus)
        2. Russ69
          Russ69 10 July 2013 13: 41
          +4
          "Angara". in a light version, assembled and sent to Plesetsk. As soon as the launch complex is prepared, it will be launched. Construction of the heavy variant is in full swing, but it all depends on the first launch.
          1. svp67
            svp67 10 July 2013 17: 37
            0
            Quote: Russ69
            "Angara". in a light version, assembled and sent to Plesetsk.
            I hope the army team will test it well there and they will not allow marriage ...
          2. dustycat
            dustycat 10 July 2013 19: 35
            0
            Hmm ...
            The hangar belongs to the class of cryo-rockets.
            Since we are talking about the preparation of the complex in Plesetsk, it means that the complex in Kazakhstan (long-ready and so-called) has been buried.
            And the cryocomplex to prepare is not a site for Poplar to concrete.
            Given the monetization of quality control, the French can overtake.
        3. Gromily4
          Gromily4 10 July 2013 15: 08
          0
          We tested already Korea Space Launch Vehicle # 1, where the first stage was an analog of the Angara. According to South Korean media reports, KSLV-1 is 80% repeating the Angara launch vehicle created at the MV Khrunichev State Scientific and Practical Center
          From wikipedia.
  6. Lecha57
    Lecha57 10 July 2013 13: 43
    0
    Big doubts about this.
  7. Avralex
    Avralex 10 July 2013 14: 27
    +4
    Quote: IRBIS
    Especially the brain that messed up the wires on the last rocket.

    Do you seriously believe about messed up wires? this would show up when checking pre-launch systems. They are looking for a "switchman".
  8. Darth Revan
    Darth Revan 10 July 2013 14: 29
    +2
    Quote: Avralex
    Quote: IRBIS
    Especially the brain that messed up the wires on the last rocket.

    Do you seriously believe about messed up wires? this would show up when checking pre-launch systems. They are looking for a "switchman".


    It seems to me that this is not about wires.
  9. Whale
    Whale 10 July 2013 14: 44
    -2
    And in Samoli, they plan to develop a nano lie detector. Deliveries are planned for 2020 in Turkmenistan.
  10. Sochi
    Sochi 10 July 2013 15: 07
    0
    Huge plans ... Against the backdrop of the evolving crisis in Europe, the reality of this project is in doubt. They don’t have enough brains ... only here is the question about Euro rubles, now they are planning a serious shortage.
    1. dustycat
      dustycat 10 July 2013 19: 37
      +2
      Enough.
      TTRs are cheaper to manufacture.
      In vain ours buried them as the first steps.
      There they belong.
  11. Conepatus
    Conepatus 10 July 2013 15: 27
    0
    If Russia does not share technology with Europe, they will make this rocket long and hard.
    1. dustycat
      dustycat 10 July 2013 19: 38
      +1
      It seems that the technology is already there.
      We have several research institutes on this profile long defeated.
  12. pa_nik
    pa_nik 10 July 2013 15: 27
    0
    And why on a rocket - a sign of Rosstandart !? Licked our development wink
  13. individual
    individual 10 July 2013 15: 46
    +1
    The following missiles were developed in the Arian RN family:
    Arian 1, light class, first successful launch December 24, 1979
    Arian 2, middle class, first successful launch on November 20, 1987 (first launch on May 30, 1986 failed)
    Arian 3, middle class, first successful launch on August 4, 1984
    Arian 4, middle class, first successful launch June 15, 1988
    Arian 5, heavy class, the first successful launch on October 30, 1997 (the first launch on June 4, 1996 failed)
    The final decision on the transition to the new Ariane generation is due in 2014.
  14. Sea snake
    Sea snake 10 July 2013 16: 14
    +4
    Quote from Sochi: "There are a lot of plans ... Against the background of the developing crisis in Europe, the reality of this project is in doubt. They have no brains, they have enough ... only the question about Euro rubles, now they have a serious shortage."

    In addition, the declared carrying capacity of 3 ~ 6,5 tons (for "Arian-6") is inferior to the carrying capacity of 15 tons (for "Angara") by more than 2 times! In addition, the "Angara" can be built from modules ... for different carrying capacity.
    1. nickel
      nickel 10 July 2013 16: 58
      +1
      Interestingly, at 2:36 a brown stream in the flame at the start of the Proton. The same jets were at the last emergency start, when they said that this is one of the signs of an accident. What will dear experts say to this?
      1. valokordin
        valokordin 10 July 2013 20: 52
        0
        Quote: nickel
        Interestingly, at 2:36 a brown stream in the flame at the start of the Proton. The same jets were at the last emergency start, when they said that this is one of the signs of an accident. What will dear experts say to this?

        The experts will say, "She fell."
  15. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 10 July 2013 16: 57
    +3
    It is not difficult, but albeit with a bang, but Angara is advancing. The main thing is that someone does not sell out and does not hurry up for "friends-partners".
  16. zennon
    zennon 10 July 2013 18: 46
    0
    The rocket will be able to launch spacecraft weighing from 3 to 6,5 tons into geo-transition orbit,

    Come on! The starting mass of this "promise" is lower than that of the "Proton", and the load on the GPO is almost better? With two solid-propellant stages? With the corresponding thrust impulse?
  17. superbober71
    superbober71 10 July 2013 20: 24
    -7
    the so-called hangar is nothing more than a short-lived attempt to copy pasture the top of Ukrainian scientific and design thought Zenit rocket carrier2. But in reality this is not possible, because Putin’s Russia is not capable of anything like that. And this European racket generally mocks chickens at a higher starting weight, its payload is half the Zenith plus the use of extremely toxic and expensive and energy inefficient solid rocket fuel compared to kerosene. In general, their future development is this flimsy parody of our rocket that has been flying for 20 years ...
    1. sakmagon
      sakmagon 10 July 2013 21: 04
      +5
      in the zenith, in general, the accelerating blocks and engines of the main stages are Russian, in fact, as in the American atlases, a lot has been done since the Iskander, respecting Ukraine I still want to find out why the analogue has not yet been given birth, even there are no mock-ups, and if I mention the family of poplar, boreev, blue and so on., you are rude, a master, only a sucker and not in the dark
      1. superbober71
        superbober71 10 July 2013 22: 22
        -6
        I look at the number of pluses and my heart rejoices. Because it = the number of fools and nonsense. RD-180 has not been produced in Russia for a long time - it is sold out - factory stock. The RD-170 lushi from the existing ones is produced only at Yuzhmash ...
        1. zennon
          zennon 10 July 2013 23: 07
          +2
          [quote] RD-170 of the best is produced only at Yuzhmash ... [quote] Serial production of the RD-171M engine is carried out at the NPO ENERGOMASH plant in Khimki.
          [quote] And the only rocket in the world that uses environmentally friendly kerosene, plus it also has better returns than heptyl produced in Ukraine (in full). [/ quote]
          The Soyuz missile family is produced in Samara. Kerosene / oxygen.
          "Sineva" is a liquid-propellant rocket, not a solid-propellant "Mui Ne". Well, the general designer of "Zenith" is Vladimir Fedorovich Utkin. Born in the Kasimovsky district, Ryazan region. So less ambition, you are without Russia.
        2. Aljavad
          Aljavad 11 July 2013 00: 51
          +1
          We will also restore Energy, When the need is in it. In the meantime, the Protons and the Angara fly. A country to glory - to the wicked to envy!
    2. Aljavad
      Aljavad 11 July 2013 00: 48
      +1
      Zenith, of course, is a good machine, only here the coefficient of successful starts is 5,07, and the same damned Proton is 8,25. Underworking, neighbors! And you are showing off. Yes, you hate us too. And Zenith was created in the USSR, and the share of Rssssiyskiy R&D in it is not small. And Angara "in Putin's" Russia is on its way, And in "nezalezhnaya" (or "unfeasible"?) - what's new?
  18. valokordin
    valokordin 10 July 2013 20: 49
    +2
    To Heropaites take our Protons cheaply, repair them, do not mix up + s- and bullet into space whatever you want.
    1. Aljavad
      Aljavad 11 July 2013 00: 53
      +1
      It would be more ....
  19. earthling
    earthling 10 July 2013 21: 05
    +5
    Europe understands that the world does not stand still professionals and designers need to be fed, and with them the whole industry. It’s good that we too began to understand this.
  20. superbober71
    superbober71 10 July 2013 21: 19
    -6
    Quote: sakmagon
    and if I mention a family of poplar, borea, blue, etc., you’re rude, but only a sucker and not in the dark

    sucker ti. And all that you brought is the same antediluvian solid-fuel muiña, the existence of which is justified only in the military sphere ... And the only rocket in the world that uses environmentally friendly kerosene, plus it also has a better return than heptyl is produced in Ukraine (completely). If great and maguchaya Russia is so cool, then why is the hangar still not flying, and the main Russian rocket carrier is the "Proton", which is terribly dangerous and even more expensive ...
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 10 July 2013 21: 24
      0
      Teach the Russian language, and then you'll be clever.
    2. Aljavad
      Aljavad 11 July 2013 00: 58
      0
      clearly not in the subject - what is the R-7 flying on? or is she also in "Ukraine (completely)"? And what does "in Ukraine (completely)" mean? When your C launch went off, where did the arrows go? You, my friend, are either a Troll, or an outrageous nationalist from the category of "your own does not smell, and the neighboring flowers stink."
  21. superbober71
    superbober71 10 July 2013 21: 28
    -6
    Quote: fzr1000
    Teach the Russian language, and then you'll be clever.

    explain it to comrades from Kaukaza, the best experts in Russian language in the world
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 10 July 2013 21: 32
      +1
      PNH, without you, I’ll decide what to explain to someone.
    2. Aljavad
      Aljavad 11 July 2013 01: 03
      +1
      Yes. before the Great and the Mighty, everyone seems small and insignificant to himself. It is angry. Especially types with a lack of culture and education. But here is the paradox: Russophobes from the Caucasus and the Carpathians communicate with each other not in Latin. The conclusion is obvious. So great and still powerful!
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