As the director of the Baltzavod, A. Voznesensky, said, the first domestic floating nuclear thermal power plant will be built by the 2016 year. At present, the ship’s structures are being installed and in three years Rosatom will receive the world's first floating nuclear power plant. The vessel will be able to provide electricity and heat to the city and enterprises in remote areas of the country, primarily in the Far North. Shortly after the construction of the first floating power plant is completed, it is planned to begin construction of the following vessels of this series.
The construction of the first vessel with nuclear power plant units on board is underway. Employees of the Baltic plant assemble metal structures and install equipment. Work has begun on the installation of some elements of the reactors. Thus, the construction project of the Akademik Lomonosov FNPP has finally got off the ground. Recall the construction of a ship with a nuclear energy module began in 2007, at the Severodvinsk plant Sevmash. However, a few months after the start of construction, all the assembled units of the future floating power plant were transferred to the Baltiysky Zavod, where it was supposed to continue work. However, such plans did not materialize and the construction was frozen for several years. The current work is carried out in accordance with the new agreement between Rosatom and Baltzavod, signed in December last year.
Ready floating nuclear power plant “Akademik Lomonosov” will be a non-self-propelled vessel with a displacement of more than 21 thousand tons. The absence of its own power plant due to the peculiarities of the operation of FNPP. It is assumed that the tugs will bring it to the place of work, after which the vessel in the port will connect to the communications of the supplied object and will provide it with heat and electricity for a specified period. The crew of FNPP from 69 man will control the operation of two nuclear reactors capable of generating up to 70 MW of electricity and 300 MW of heat. If necessary, the power plant will be able to work as a desalter of sea water. In this mode, the estimated maximum capacity of the Akademik Lomonosov floating nuclear power plant is 240 thousand cubic meters of fresh water per hour. According to official data from the project developers, such characteristics will allow one floating power plant to supply electricity and heat to a city with a population of up to 200 thousand people.
The stated life of one FAPP is 40 years. After this time, a vessel with a nuclear power plant is planned to be towed to the appropriate enterprise to replace the power unit that has spent its life. In its place is supposed to install a new unit, after which the floating power plant can be returned to the old duty station or transferred to a new one.
Developers and builders of the first floating nuclear power plant - Iceberg Central Design Bureau, OKBM them. I.I. Afrikantova and Baltiysky Zavod - emphasize that in the construction of the vessel and the nuclear power plant, groundwork has been used that has been tested in northern conditions for many decades. The project of the APEC “Akademik Lomonosov” laid a safety margin that far exceeds all possible threats, including tsunamis, collisions with other ships or coastal installations, etc. similar disasters. The safety level of nuclear power plants of new FAPES fully meets all international requirements for such equipment.
Due to the remoteness of such events, it is not yet known exactly where exactly the first Russian floating nuclear power plant will go. Earlier, during the start of construction of the lead ship, it was claimed that such power stations would serve in the Far East and the Far North. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Taimyr and Kamchatka were indicated as possible jobs. Perhaps in the future such a list of territories in need of supply with the help of floating power plants will undergo major changes. It is noteworthy that not only Russian officials and merchants were interested in the characteristics and capabilities of Russian floating nuclear power stations. Several foreign countries showed their interest in such vessels: Algeria, Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, etc.
For obvious reasons, it is too early to talk about the supply of floating nuclear power plants to foreign countries. The lead ship of this class will be built only in the 2016 year, after which it will take some time to complete a series of floating power plants for domestic Russian needs. Therefore, the beginning of the construction of export analogues of the vessel “Akademik Lomonosov” should be expected no earlier than the end of this decade. At about the same time, it is possible to complete the construction of the next ship of the series for Rosatom.
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