Military Review

Russian military products enter Pakistan through China

Russia may have promised not to sell its weapon India’s main rival is Pakistan, but this country receives some key Soviet-Russian technologies, directly or indirectly, secretly through China, which threatens the security of India, reports on July 7.

One such example is the supply of JF-17 fighter engines through China. Much to the chagrin of India, Russia has given such consent.

Developed jointly by China and Pakistan, the light combat aircraft JF-17 is equipped with the RD-93 TRDDF (pictured), created on the basis of the RD-33, with which the MiG-29 fighter is equipped. Pakistan intends to get up to 150 engines of this type.

In August, 2007, Russia signed a contract to re-export 150 engines from China to Pakistan, although it still denies these plans.

These 150 power plants for single-engine JF-17 can easily be counterbalanced to the three squadrons of the MiG-29 (65 machines) of the Indian Air Force, which are located on the border with Pakistan at Adampur airbase. India acquired the MiG-29 in the former USSR at the end of the 1980-s, and is currently modernizing them together with Russia.

Not surprisingly, with the sale of JF-17 fighters and RD-93 engines to Pakistan, 2008-2012 became the world's fifth largest supplier of military equipment, although five years ago it was the world's largest importer of weapons. "China, however, does not sell Russian military equipment as a finished product, but supplies Russian components as part of Chinese equipment and weapons," a senior officer in the Indian armed forces said. According to the SIPRI report of the Stockholm Institute for the Study of the World, over the above period, China has increased its exports of weapons and equipment by 162%, of which 55% falls on Pakistan.

Pakistan also imports other types of Chinese military aircraft, submarines and frigates, most of which have equipment that is either manufactured in Russia or is a Chinese modernization of Soviet-Russian weapons systems. Over the past five decades, China has used technologies left by the USSR.

Another key source of Soviet equipment is Pakistan’s Chinese long-range radar detection and control aircraft (AEWS) ZDK-03 Karakoram Eagle. Although the radar system installed on this aircraft is a Chinese design, the Y-8 aircraft is based on the technology of the Soviet An-12 transport aircraft. At present, China is fulfilling a contract for the supply of four DRLO aircraft of this type. China produces An-12 after it received a license and technology from the USSR in 1960. The Indian Air Force also had An-12 aircraft in service (from 1961-th to mid-1990-s).

China helped build four new F-22P Zulfigar frigates, the last of which was delivered by the Pakistani Navy in April of this year. But the snag is that there are Russian weapons on these frigates, in particular, the AK-176 cannon of the 76,2 caliber mm. The main difference of the Chinese version is the stealth-shaped gun turret to reduce radar visibility. The gun is designed to destroy ships, aircraft and anti-ship missiles. This gun mount is in service with several ships of the Indian Navy.

Pakistani Tanks Al Khalid and Al Zarrar were created on the basis of Type 90-II Chinese tanks, which, in turn, were developed on the basis of the Soviet design T-54/55. Currently, Pakistan has about 300 Al Khalid and 500 Al Zarrar tanks in service. The tank arsenal of India also includes about 1000 T-55 tanks, which were supplied to the USSR from the 1960s, their withdrawal from combat personnel began only in 2011 as Arjun tanks of national development entered service.

Baktar Shikan Pakistani anti-tank missile is also the fruit of donated Chinese technology, namely, the Arrow ATGM. This rocket was developed on the basis of the Soviet 9K11 “Malyutka” technology (AT-3 Sagger, the rocket is designated as 9М14 - approx. “VP”), controlled by wires. India has long been in service with these missiles, now using modern anti-tank systems of Russian origin, such as Milan (Milan - probably meant ATGN 9K111 "Fagot" - approx. "VP" and "Competition" (9К113 - note . "VP").
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  1. Airman
    Airman 9 July 2013 09: 47
    Chased small contracts in Pakistan, lost BIG in India. Greed is at the forefront.
    1. Dimani
      Dimani 9 July 2013 09: 51
      not such a small contract ... 150 engines all the same. Surely the possibilities of modernization and spare parts were discussed.
    2. Skiff
      Skiff 9 July 2013 10: 29
      Heh, 150 is a lot, once, India also behaves on the market, has begun to buy weapons from the USA and Israel, two, looking at Pakistan, India will have to increase its fighter fleet, three and the question of where it will buy them remains open.
    3. dmitrich
      dmitrich 9 July 2013 11: 03
      nobody will lose anything!
    4. танк
      танк 9 July 2013 12: 07
      Are you on the side of India ??? or Russia. It is necessary first of all to think about yourself, taking into account our own profit, we are not 10 rubles, so that everyone likes!
    5. nnz226
      nnz226 9 July 2013 15: 54
      It was somehow at the beginning of the independence that Svidomo won a tender or something for the supply of tanks to Pakistan, something for 300 million dollars. In Kiev, pipes were torn into pipes to the delight that they had crossed the road to their northern neighbor. India was offended by this and canceled contracts for the supply of turbines and other products worth about 1,6 billion. And transferred the order to Russia. Independent clicked beak. This would not have happened again. Given that India and Pakistan live like a cat and a dog, both sides should be very careful about the supply of military equipment and equipment
  2. KononAV
    KononAV 9 July 2013 10: 01
    I don’t even know, maybe India should be glad that Pak will fight in the Chinese shit.
  3. Apologet.Ru
    Apologet.Ru 9 July 2013 10: 05
    hi That's right! Russia will not sell, they will still buy from someone else. Only Russia will be left with nothing recourse . And so they made money - they developed a new one and offered the same to India. For a long time, in the weapons world, purefoot is not quoted. Strongly principled in morality? - Look for yourself at the end of the list!
  4. papss
    papss 9 July 2013 10: 07
    Quote: Povshnik
    Chased small contracts in Pakistan, lost BIG in India. Greed is at the forefront.

    Why only ... greed? After all, we didn’t just ... "walked and lost", threw them out dirty ... And now, look at everything indifferently ... And let India know ... "A holy place is never empty" ... the market is a struggle
  5. Dmitry 2246
    Dmitry 2246 9 July 2013 10: 12
    In Pakistan, Ukraine "plays" and our technologies are similar.
    Do not worry about India, but around Soviet technology, only in different years of release and in different versions.
    1. Argon
      Argon 9 July 2013 11: 02
      Ukraine "plays" in a sharply limited space, by the zone of action of the national media, and mainly against Russia, collecting unprofitable / low-profit contracts. From Pakistan, it was not politely asked by its Chinese comrades. Since the arms market is currently not separable from politics, it is most likely we see the step of Moscow, which has not achieved a compromise with Delhi in some way (which, in general, should please) because. Our relationship with India in the last 10-15 years is somewhat reminiscent of the relationship between CONFUSION AND RANGE, and they are "driven." "Abramovich" became "-. But in my opinion, the decision to allow re-export was given to China (and this can already be called a tradition), within the framework of the next" deflection "before Beijing for solidarity of positions (with Moscow) on some external political issues, which Enough-Syria, Iran. So, technical / commercial aspects have absolutely nothing to do with it. yes
  6. sashka
    sashka 9 July 2013 10: 18
    The article is a plus, but put a minus .. I do not like this alignment .. But why sell, if we get such a result? Everything again rested in money and the market? In any case, there won’t be anyone on OUR side .. Belarus and Kazakhstan. And nobody else is around ..
  7. dominion
    dominion 9 July 2013 10: 31
    India has diversified the supply of equipment, acquires weapons around the world, we are doing the same. Or did they think that we would silently watch how the Americans, French and other Germans occupy our place in the Indian market and at the same time refuse profitable cooperation with Pakistan?
  8. Conepatus
    Conepatus 9 July 2013 10: 38
    Hindus became insolent. Almost all past tenders preferred Western technology.
    The West also trades with Pakistan, but India does not notice this point blank. 150 engines, this is about $ 1 billion, maybe more. So they are doing what they are selling right. Does India have a collective security agreement with Russia? No? Then what are we talking about are we talking?
  9. Xroft
    Xroft 9 July 2013 10: 39
    There are no principles in trading ...... nothing personal is a business (c) So you can sell your reputation
  10. Lavr75
    Lavr75 9 July 2013 11: 12
    That's right, with the start of activity in India by Sony Gandhi, they began a slow drift towards the United States and generally Western manufacturers. Ass twirl like a woman, plus learned to take kickbacks. Now in India, just like that, you can’t sell anything.
  11. Sochi
    Sochi 9 July 2013 11: 29
    Normally, only the best they sold themselves. Hindus? so let us order so many engines so that our capacities are not enough for anything else, we do not owe them anything.
  12. pensioner
    pensioner 9 July 2013 11: 32
    Russian military products enter Pakistan through China
    Who would doubt it ...
  13. pensioner
    pensioner 9 July 2013 11: 36
    Quote: Lavr75
    Ass twirl like a woman, plus learned to take kickbacks. Now in India, just like that, you can’t sell anything.

    Right! Worked with them. Sorrow grabbed the most can not !! How our VPKashniki trade with them - I can’t imagine! Although it may be in their army that something is different. But I doubt it very much ...
  14. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 9 July 2013 11: 40
    Politics and Business - Nothing Personal!
  15. Artyom
    Artyom 9 July 2013 12: 18
    we, Russia, need to strengthen ties with Pakistan, the US is just around the corner from Afghanistan! And with the spirits, we Indians are not helpers soldier
    1. Conepatus
      Conepatus 9 July 2013 13: 43
      Hindus are not helpers at all; they pursue only their interests.
  16. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 9 July 2013 13: 15
    As the saying goes: "Both ours and yours."
  17. ankh-andrej
    ankh-andrej 9 July 2013 19: 16
    Well, this is now a worldwide practice. Americans to the Saudis and Jews sell weapons and nothing.