Military Review

July 7 The Day of Military Glory of Russia - The Day of Victory of the Russian Navy in the Chesmen Battle

90
In October, the Turkish government, forced to submit to its then-European allies, the French, declared war on its large neighbor, Russia, to 1768.


July 7 The Day of Military Glory of Russia - The Day of Victory of the Russian Navy in the Chesmen Battle


The Turkish aggression did not come as a surprise to our country, and at the beginning of 1770 from the Baltic Sea around the whole of Europe, an “Archipelago Expedition” was launched to attack Turkey from the Mediterranean, which entered the glorious history Russian fleet as one of the most wonderful events.

The transition took place in extremely difficult conditions. Since its inception, the Russian fleet has never left its native Baltic Sea and has not had the experience of long-distance expeditions. The task of the Russian squadron, upon reaching the limits of the Aegean Sea, was to search for and destroy the Turkish fleet there.

The enemy fleet was found on July 5 (June 24) in the Chios Strait of the Aegean Sea, near the coastal fortress of Chesma. The Turkish fleet had a double numerical superiority, but despite this the Russian squadron entered into a decisive battle with it.

The avant-garde of the Russian squadron was headed by Admiral Georgy Spiridov, Cordebatalius - Count Alexei Orlov, and the command of the rearguard was entrusted to Rear Admiral John Elphinstone, an Englishman, employed in the protection service.

The failure of the sea battle and the death of the flagship forced the Turkish fleet to retreat inside the Chesme Bay under the protection of coastal batteries. At the Admiral Council, it was decided to block the enemy fleet in the bay and burn it with the help of firefighters.

As a result of successful actions of the Russian squadron of 7 July (26 June), the Turks lost their entire fleet, losing 11 thousands of personnel.

During the perpetuation of the memory of Russian sailors who showed courage and heroism during the Russian-Turkish war 1768-1774, July 7 is celebrated as the day of Russia's military glory - the Victory Day of the Russian Navy in the Chesmen Battle.
90 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Deniska999
    Deniska999 7 July 2013 07: 28 New
    42
    Glory to our heroes!
    1. tronin.maxim
      tronin.maxim 7 July 2013 08: 03 New
      34
      Another glorious page of our fleet!
      1. Army1
        Army1 7 July 2013 11: 51 New
        19
        A generation should know this. And not who whom and with whom in house 2
        1. Airman
          Airman 7 July 2013 19: 41 New
          +2
          Quote: Army1
          A generation should know this. And not who whom and with whom in house 2


          And you can forget about house 2, the next day you don’t remember anything. And this victory is forever!
      2. starshina78
        starshina78 7 July 2013 19: 30 New
        +6
        There are plenty of those in the history of our Navy! Chesma, Sinop, the liberation of the Greek islands, when Ushakov first undertook a blockade and the capture of the fortress with the help of ships, the defense of Sevastopol in the Russian - Turkish war and in the war with the Nazis, and many more victories of our Navy and the exploits of our sailors! It was not for nothing that all the enemies who had dealings with our sailors were afraid of them. Sometimes, calling them "black death"! Honor and respect to all the sailors of our Navy, who served in the past and are serving now!
        1. Shumka
          Shumka 7 July 2013 22: 07 New
          +3
          Eh, it’s necessary to go to St. Petersburg .. There they talk in detail about the excursions .. In general, when I read about Potemkin Tauride, I don’t know how to say it. But we beat them hard. Six of the Anglo-Saxons.
    2. Russian
      Russian 7 July 2013 11: 41 New
      11
      Still, how useful it is to know the story, because it repeats itself! What then, the Turks were incited by the Anglo-Saxons, that now, it’s true that while the gut is still attacking Russia, they are trying to attack Syria.
      And in the article I would like more information, it would be interesting to read about another feat of the Russian spirit and ingenuity. Although, the goal was probably just to highlight the event, in any case, thanks! hi
      1. Skreb79
        Skreb79 7 July 2013 12: 33 New
        +3
        Totally agree with you. And the extra information would not hurt about victories and defeats, you need to know history so that you don’t make mistakes in the future, as it is now with Syria
        1. Ruslan_F38
          Ruslan_F38 7 July 2013 17: 45 New
          +3
          Turkish rulers dreaming of restoring the Ottoman Empire should think and remember how many times they were beaten by the Russian army and navy.
          1. Vladimirets
            Vladimirets 7 July 2013 18: 14 New
            +3
            Such a glorious milestone in our history should have been illuminated in more detail. And about the firewalls, which were commanded by daredevils, and about distinguished themselves in battle.
      2. sergaivenski
        sergaivenski 7 July 2013 19: 03 New
        0
        Now, when blood is pouring in neighboring Syria, it’s not out of place for anyone to remember: the instigators of wars always remain in the shadows, then raking the results of the war into their pockets !!! So it was before the First World War (Shot in Sarajevo) and before the Second World War
        (annexation of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia). And it will be the same with Syria !!! The country has actually collapsed. And there is no force that would stop the slaughter, put the warring parties at the negotiating table !!! Nobody wants to pick up the voice of reason !!!
        1. smart ass
          smart ass 8 July 2013 15: 03 New
          0
          What exactly did Serbian terrorists get from a shot in Sarajevo following the results of WWII ??
    3. fzr1000
      fzr1000 8 July 2013 00: 14 New
      +3
      Let's not forget the battle of Fidonisi, Kerch and Kaliakria. Of course, Navarin was still later. Glory!
  2. Tarpon
    Tarpon 7 July 2013 07: 32 New
    19
    Article plus!
    We must remember our glorious victories!
  3. True
    True 7 July 2013 07: 48 New
    -46
    Must remember. But newer than Sinop, we had no victories at sea. One cheekbone basically.
    1. Rebus
      Rebus 7 July 2013 08: 52 New
      28
      Quote: True
      Must remember. But newer than Sinop, we had no victories at sea.

      A highly controversial statement ...
      You must also remember the Fiom incident of 1910 - a clear victory without firing a shot, with the ratio of 3 Russian ships to 20 Austrian ones. Http://www.navy.su/daybyday/september/01/


      You must also remember the victories of the Soviet submariners, they sank 157 warships and enemy transports - 462300 tons (meaning only confirmed data) ...
      1. does it
        does it 7 July 2013 13: 52 New
        12
        Quote: Rebus
        You must also remember the victories of the Soviet submariners, they sank 157 warships and enemy transports - 462300 tons (meaning only confirmed data) ...

        One A.I. What is Marinesco worth? Just like the Führer’s personal enemy.
      2. Vladimirets
        Vladimirets 7 July 2013 18: 15 New
        +3
        Quote: Rebus
        You must also remember the Fiom incident of 1910 - a clear victory without firing a shot, with a ratio of 3 Russian to 20 Austrian ships

        In fairness, this is not a clash.
        1. Rebus
          Rebus 7 July 2013 18: 48 New
          +3
          Quote: Vladimirets
          In fairness, this is not a clash.

          I agree, not a clash, but a victory. To impose his will on the enemy already means victory over him, even without shooting and fighting ...
    2. fokino1980
      fokino1980 7 July 2013 09: 51 New
      17
      Well, here again, the freedom of the Internet! Deutscher with the German flag clever! And do not put a deuce and do not expel from the school! am
    3. fzr1000
      fzr1000 7 July 2013 11: 03 New
      10
      1915 Germans could not break into the Gulf of Riga with superior forces.
    4. fzr1000
      fzr1000 7 July 2013 11: 11 New
      10
      Tactical defeat, but strategic victory.
      The feat of the crew of the icebreaker “A. Sibiryakov”, which took an unequal battle on August 25, 1942 with the “pocket battleship” “Admiral Scheer,” but managed to report on the radio about the German battleship being in dangerous proximity, saved the convoy and port Dikson, operation “ Wunderland "was actually foiled.
    5. JIaIIoTb
      JIaIIoTb 7 July 2013 11: 40 New
      16
      True, you really decide who you are, a German, an Anglo-Saxon or a Jew. And then judging by your comments, you are clearly not Russian, endlessly peeing in the Russian State. Although they named in this comment the word: "here: By your flags, you are anyone but not ours.
      No one blows cheeks. And according to recent history, the defense of Sevastopol is worth something, the feat of the Black Sea Fleet marines, called the enemy the Black Death. The feat of the Coastal batteries, which ground more than one Wehrmacht division into dust. The exploits of our submariners drowned in a cloud of ships of the fleet of the 3rd Reich. I am generally silent about the current military campaigns. People who perform feats every day, do not allow our "partners" to devour us right now. There were also many failures, I do not deny, everyone has failures. But the main failure of our country is such unprincipled people as you. Those who are ready to do anything to get in line for the grace of the West. Or do you hope to remain among those 15 million Russians who want to leave for pipe maintenance? Most likely an overseer. There were many of them during the Second World War. You are apparently a descendant of one of them. I am sincerely sorry for you. Because when your masters unleash a war with us, they will put you first against the wall, because you will most likely continue to throw mud at Our Country.
      Sincerely.
      1. Yazov
        Yazov 7 July 2013 17: 17 New
        10
        What alms? He is already plowing the Germans. And it offends him for that. Thought dumped from Russia to Germany and all in chocolate ... Yes, flew to see. It is not good to consider yourself a person of 3 grades. As they say grade 3 is not a marriage.
        I flew on a plane with one such German from the Omsk region. He began to tell us with his wife (German wife) about paradise life in Germany. Like I open the refrigerator, fruit unmeasured! I him, so what? I have an identity, they cost a little. He's talking about sausage ... I told him that sausage, as if I’m not very, especially European (gives paper). He tells how every vacation on the Baltic Sea rests. ???? Probably cold? Maybe I'm wrong, I flew from Montenegro, it was warmer there. In general, he did not convince me with anything that they live better. Maybe only mercy without markups?
    6. Tersky
      Tersky 7 July 2013 14: 34 New
      +5
      Quote: True
      Must remember. But newer than Sinop, we had no victories at sea. One cheekbone basically.

      "True", nor as an alternating attack of verbal diarrhea wassat ? Or is all your "truth" in banal spitting towards Russia?
    7. Ulysses
      Ulysses 7 July 2013 14: 38 New
      11
      remind the battle in the Kassar Reach ??
      How did the old "Slava" (which did not manage to leave and disappear with her peers at Tsushima) with a handful of destroyers opposed the German fleet in October 1917 and actually thwarted the German offensive against Petrograd?
      Learn history "in the real way."
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol 7 July 2013 15: 54 New
        -8
        Captured destroyer Thunder goes under the German flag in tow. and the whole operation ended in the loss of 20 thousand people. from our side and 400 from the German is a defeat, not a victory for sure
        1. Ulysses
          Ulysses 7 July 2013 18: 07 New
          +2
          There is no "taken prisoner" here.
          There is a wounded Russian destroyer.
          В "captivity" no one saw him. sad
          1. tlauicol
            tlauicol 7 July 2013 18: 50 New
            -3
            you know what I'm talking about. the ship was abandoned by the crew, documents were thrown, the Germans raised their flag on it, towed, the ship was sinking. Is this a feat?
            Gangut, Chesma, Navarin, Sinop - 150 years of victories - yes! and then nothing. 150 years of defeat
            1. fzr1000
              fzr1000 7 July 2013 19: 20 New
              +4
              Those. were we defeated 150 years ago? I’ll go look outside.
              1. tlauicol
                tlauicol 7 July 2013 19: 31 New
                -2
                yes, we were defeated 150 years ago, the fleet was destroyed. since then there have been many feats but no glorious victories
                1. Regis
                  Regis 7 July 2013 22: 01 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Tlauicol
                  yes, we were defeated 150 years ago, the fleet was destroyed. since then there have been many feats but no glorious victories

                  Who is this you?
    8. Suhov
      Suhov 7 July 2013 16: 36 New
      +4
      Quote: True
      Must remember. But newer than Sinop we had no victories at sea. One cheekbone basically.

      True, you do not know how to lie, (this is good)
      laughing
      but - you're lying! (is that bad)
      wassat
    9. Yazov
      Yazov 7 July 2013 16: 57 New
      +8
      True! You would be silent about the Russian fleet. Your cheeks are basically pouting while living in Germany and nostalgic for your homeland. And pyzhitsya also poop in response to throw. Because you are plowing on non-mankind, but you are still not taken for people. The Turks are ranked higher. Here the toad presses you all. And you don’t know how to bite Russia and Russians for your insults and humiliations. Yes, it doesn’t. And I hope it doesn’t work out already.
    10. воронов
      воронов 7 July 2013 19: 25 New
      0
      Quote: True
      One cheekbone basically.

      You, the Germans, yes, mostly cheeks, we have Russian-victory !!!
      1. politruk419
        politruk419 8 July 2013 08: 09 New
        +4
        Listen to the respected Navy patriots! I myself am a third-generation naval officer. What are such glorious victories of the Russian and Soviet fleet after Sinop? Certain local operations (exclusively landing or by the forces of individual ships) ended in our favor? Feats were-agree. What about victories? Kuril landing operation? Attack S-13 Marinesco? Doubtful torpedo hit in Tirpitz? The Soviet Navy did not wage major battles. About Russia since 1991 it is better to remain silent, away from sin .....
        The largest operational operations of the USSR Navy for the entire existence of the "Ocean-71" exercise. But what have the victories to do with it?
        The deblockade of Cuba fell through. What else is there from the glorious ..... Well, the development of new types of ships. Well, the underwater epic. But where are the VICTORIES?
        The defense of Sevastopol and Odessa is not a victory.
        But the disasters were such that enough for the whole story. The fleet died in the Crimean. The fleet died in Tsushima. The fleet died in the Civil. The BSF and BF spent the entire War under siege.
        The tonnage of sunken transports by the Northerners cannot be compared to the German Kings-mariners, but even to the Japanese .....
        I suggest that the discussion participants be more modest.
        The last unconditional naval victory of Russia is the Sinop Battle. The squadron was commanded by Admiral P.S. Nakhimov. So that is all.....
        1. Motors1991
          Motors1991 8 July 2013 18: 25 New
          0
          I would not attribute Sinop to the brilliant victories of the Russian fleet, all the same, the battleships shoveled the frigates. And Chesma, yes, there is something to be proud of, under the same conditions Nakhimov and Kornilov did not go against the Allied fleet, even the firemen didn’t have enough mind to let the allies land in Evpatoria, when the bay was clogged with enemy ships.
        2. Master Taiga
          Master Taiga 8 July 2013 19: 12 New
          -2
          I just talked about this, and not very smart fellow citizens swore at me, and even sent me a ban. There was even a clinical case in general. As a "great naval victory" they tried to slip me a "naval battle" with Georgia. And I was talking about operations of a completely different level.
  4. pensioner
    pensioner 7 July 2013 07: 53 New
    17
    The entire fleet and 11 thousand. man ... Never mind a loss! Victory is complete. Ssykashvili didn’t teach history along the way ... Otherwise, I would remember what happens to mongrels who rush at Russia with a fool. The owners then pleased, of course. Like Turkey to the French. But I received it by the breadbox. Like Turkey.
  5. George
    George 7 July 2013 08: 09 New
    19
    Happy day of our naval victory, which in Turkish literature is called the "Chesme disaster".
    And not in vain, I must say. The results of the battle of Chesme were so obvious and undeniable that the Turks immediately recognized their defeat.
    1. sergaivenski
      sergaivenski 7 July 2013 19: 34 New
      +1
      And the Turkish guys are generally cunning !!! Money from Western countries (England, France, Germany, the USA) did their job many times !!! Getting generous money, Ottoman Turkey repeatedly went into battle with Russia and, mind you, almost always got it in the teeth .In addition to the shameful Brest-Litovsk world for Russia. But then this world was vital !!! What do we see now? A number of Turkish provinces have benefited from tourism. Most tourists come from Russia. On the other hand, Turkey has become an outpost for anti-Assad Sil. Receiving generous money from Western countries, Turkey seeks to consolidate its influence in the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Russia is no longer taken into account.
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 7 July 2013 20: 13 New
        +3
        During the Karabakh war, Turkey brought up significant forces to the conflict zone and wanted to cross the border, then Marshal Shaposhnikov said that the participation of a third party in the conflict could lead to World War III. So the Turks are "eye and eye"
      2. fzr1000
        fzr1000 8 July 2013 00: 06 New
        +2
        And what about the role of Turkey during the wars in Chechnya?
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt 8 July 2013 00: 21 New
          +2
          There are still many irreconcilable people there, they live and live, ts ... And in those years, the Czechs had a resort with full board + delivery channels for militants, military equipment and dollars. And all this was supervised by British and Turkish intelligence officers. Now these circuits are mothballed, but pose a danger.
  6. andrei332809
    andrei332809 7 July 2013 08: 16 New
    +9
    in Pikul's "Favorite" Chesma is well described
    1. slvevg
      slvevg 7 July 2013 09: 37 New
      +8
      andrei332809
      Plus YOU respected for Pikul, but it's a shame that only people who were brought up by the education of a country immortalized in your avatar read it, now they are not those "values" crying
      1. mizantropi
        mizantropi 7 July 2013 11: 17 New
        +8
        Hello! Why are you speaking so gloomily about our youth? My son is 17, enjoys reading Pikul.
  7. Alikovo
    Alikovo 7 July 2013 08: 20 New
    +8
    Another glorious page in Russian history.
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. slaventi
    slaventi 7 July 2013 08: 32 New
    11
    The victories of our ancestors are the guarantee of our future victories.
    Glory to the Russian Navy !!!
    1. S-200
      S-200 7 July 2013 17: 33 New
      +2
      The key to our future victories is:
      today's strengthening and development science, education, production, equipping the Army and Navy with the best world models of military equipment and weapons, training and training personnel in advanced combat methods, studying and analyzing a potential enemy, as well as patriotic education of young people, the formation of their healthy lifestyle ...
  10. papss
    papss 7 July 2013 08: 40 New
    15
    Quote: retired
    The entire fleet and 11 thousand. man ... Never mind a loss! Victory is complete. Ssykashvili didn’t teach history along the way ... Otherwise, I would remember what happens to mongrels who rush at Russia with a fool. The owners then pleased, of course. Like Turkey to the French. But I received it by the breadbox. Like Turkey.

    I’ll develop your idea ... From the fire of four Russian battleships, two frigates, one bombardier ship, four firewalls, 15 battleships, six frigates, and a large number of small vessels burned down. One battleship and five rowing vessels were captured. The losses of the Turks amounted to about 11 thousand people, Russian - 11 people. Like this...
    In memory of the Chesme victory, a medal was awarded, which was awarded to all participants in the battle. Count Orlov was awarded the Order of St. George of the 1st degree and received an honorable addition to his surname - Chesmensky; Admiral Sviridov received the highest order of the Russian Empire - St. Andrew the First-Called; Rear Admiral Greig was awarded the Order of St. George 2nd degree. In honor of this victory, the Chesmensky obelisk was erected in Gatchina in 1775, and the Chesmenskaya Column in Tsarskoye Selo in 1778. The Chesmensky Palace was built in Petersburg in 1774-1777, and the Chesmensky Church in 1777-1778.
    based on http://flot.com/news/dayinhistory/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=7921
    ETERNAL GLORY TO THE VALLEY RUSSIAN Navy and ETERNAL MEMORY OF HEROES ...
    Article +
    1. Andrey57
      Andrey57 7 July 2013 08: 55 New
      13
      And in St. Petersburg a very beautiful church was built, which is painted in pink and white, sailors and officers who died from wounds in that battle are buried near it, it and the cemetery have survived to this day, the people still call this church - Chesmenka
      1. omsbon
        omsbon 7 July 2013 11: 28 New
        +5
        Chesmensky military cemetery - located in the Moscow region of St. Petersburg, next to the Chesme church.

        Initially, veterans of the Russian army who lived in a wheelchair house located in the Chesmensky Palace were buried on it. By the middle of the XNUMXth century, the old graves were destroyed, and in their place was the cemetery of the defenders of Leningrad.

        On May 7, 2003, a memorial cross was erected in the cemetery in honor of all the dead soldiers. At the base of the cross there is a plaque with the inscription: “Eternal memory of the fallen in the name of Russia during the period of: World War II 1812, Russian-Turkish Wars 1828–1829, 1877–1878, Crimean Campaign 1853–1855, Russian – Japanese War 1904–1905, World War I the war of 1914-1918, the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 ”[1]. In 2011, restoration and improvement work was carried out at the cemetery.
        1. omsbon
          omsbon 7 July 2013 17: 00 New
          11
          Friends, this is what the Chesme Church looks like.
          1. Svobodny
            7 July 2013 20: 20 New
            +1
            Quote: omsbon
            it looks like Chesme Church

            Thanks for the photo. Do not stop wondering. But this is in St. Petersburg. What is there not only! The so-called pseudo-gothic. In its own way it is very beautiful.
          2. S-200
            S-200 7 July 2013 22: 01 New
            +1
            in her outlines is something elusive from those combat sailing ships ...
    2. a
      a 8 July 2013 10: 00 New
      0
      Quote: papss
      The losses of the Turks amounted to about 11 thousand people, Russian - 11 people.


      you forgot to add that during the battle in the Chios Strait, the flagship of the Russian ship died, when the Turkish core flew into the hook camera, and the number of losses due to this exceeded 500 people.
  11. Diviz
    Diviz 7 July 2013 08: 43 New
    +3
    the story repeats itself ...
  12. vovan100
    vovan100 7 July 2013 09: 05 New
    +4
    honestly did not know, thanks for the article.
  13. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 7 July 2013 09: 07 New
    +4
    With the holiday of our military GLORY SLAVE !!!! We will show the world how we know how to fight!
  14. cobalt
    cobalt 7 July 2013 09: 43 New
    15
    The course of the battle is as follows

    The Russian fleet included 9 battleships, 3 frigates, the Thunder bombing ship, 17-19 auxiliary ships and transports.
    The Turkish fleet consisted of 16 battleships, including the 84-gun Real Mustafa and the 60-gun Rhodes, 6 frigates, 6 shebeks, 13 galleys and 32 small ships. The ships were built in two arcuate lines of 10 and 6 battleships, respectively. There are different opinions about whether the ships of the second line could shoot through the gaps between the ships of the first or not. Frigates, shebeks and other small vessels were behind. The fleet was commanded by Kapudan Pasha Hassan Bey.

    In the Chesmen Bay, Turkish ships formed two lines of 8 and 7 battleships, respectively, the rest of the vessels took a position between these lines and the coast.

    During the day of July 6, Russian ships shelled the Turkish fleet and coastal fortifications from a long distance. Of the four auxiliary vessels, firewalls were made.

    At 17:00 p.m. on July 6, the Thunder bombing ship anchored in front of the entrance to Chesme Bay and began shelling Turkish ships. At 0:30, he joined the battleship Europe, and by 1:00 - Rostislav, in whose wake came the firewalls.
    Europa, Rostislav and the approaching "Don't touch me" formed a line from north to south, engaging in battle with Turkish ships, Saratov stood in reserve, and Thunder and frigate Africa attacked the batteries on the western coast of the bay. At 1:30 or a little earlier, as a result of the fire of Thunder or Don't Touch Me, one of the Turkish battleships exploded due to the transition of the flame from the burning sails to the hull. Burning debris from that explosion pelted other ships in the bay.
    After the explosion at 2:00 of the second Turkish ship, Russian ships ceased fire, and firewalls entered the bay. The Turks managed to shoot two of them under the command of captains Gagarin and Dugdale (English Dugdale), one under the command of Mackenzie grappled with the already burning ship, and one under the command of Lieutenant D. Ilyin mated with an 84-gun battleship. Ilyin set fire to the firebrand, and he and his crew left him on the boat. The ship exploded and set fire to most of the remaining Turkish ships. By 2:30 another 3 battleships exploded.
    Around 4:00, Russian ships sent boats in order to save two large vessels that had not yet burned, but only one of them, the 60-gun Rhodes, was taken out. From 4:00 to 5:30 another 6 battleships exploded, and at the 7th hour - at the same time 4. By 8:00 the battle in the Chesme Bay was over.

    The Chesme battle is the clearest example of the destruction of the enemy fleet in the location of its base. The victory of the Russian fleet over twice the enemy’s forces was achieved due to the correct choice of the moment for delivering a decisive blow, surprise attacks at night and unexpected use of firewalls and incendiary shells for the enemy, well-organized interaction of forces, as well as high moral and combat qualities of personnel and naval fleet the art of Admiral Spiridov, who boldly abandoned the template linear tactics that prevailed at that time in the Western European fleets. At the initiative of the admiral, such decisive battle techniques were used as the concentration of all fleet forces against part of the enemy forces and the conduct of the battle at an extremely short distance.
  15. Mikado
    Mikado 7 July 2013 09: 53 New
    +9
    This victory is marked by one of the strips on the guis of our sailors.
  16. APASUS
    APASUS 7 July 2013 10: 05 New
    +8
    This is what our children should learn at school, and not just brainwash any homosexual!
  17. Xnumx kopeek
    Xnumx kopeek 7 July 2013 10: 21 New
    -10
    at the same time and the Titanic sank
    1. alex13-61
      alex13-61 7 July 2013 10: 33 New
      0
      Quote: 20 kopeek
      at the same time and the Titanic sank

      And what about the Titanic - so all the "smart" from the flight for some reason dumped ... One of two things: either psychics, or warned ...
    2. shasherin_pavel
      shasherin_pavel 7 July 2013 18: 43 New
      +5
      Not the Titanic, but Olympic - the older brother of the Titanic, who, apart from catastrophes, saw nothing, and was substituted for the real Titanic in order to drown and get insurance as for the newest ship just launched. Since I got in with my idea, I want to recall the feat of the brig "Mercury" who "won" two battleships. The history of the foreign navy did not know such a confrontation, so that the 18 cannon opposed two linear ones and returned to the base with the slightest damage. Naval victory over the Swedes near Arkhangelsk shown in "Young Russia". Victory of the city of Petropavlovsk - Kamchatsky over the naval squadron and the landing of the British, with minimal losses on our side. Lunin's torpedoing of "Tirpitz" is not a pound of raisins, to take out the thunderstorm of the English fleet, if you remember what losses the victory over the "Bismarck" turned out to be, then to put the main German ship on hold is equal to victory over the main forces of the fascist fleet. When our fleet was escorting lend-lease caravans, we lost 4 ships from all caravans, which amazed all foreign sailors who saw the losses incurred under the convoy of the British fleet. Only the feat of the auxiliary cruiser Dervish took the battle with the pocket battleship Sheer to save at least some part of the convoy, can be compared in the feat of the "Fog" opposing the same "Scheer" in our waters, with a 45 mm cannon the trawler fought a pocket battleship, and the feat of "Sibiryakov" with its 76 mm cannon and two coastal 152 mm howitzers-guns. One pocket battleship that escaped into the Antlantica put the entire English and American fleet on the ears, and two Russian ships forced it to flee. And only Papanin's sloppiness allowed “Scheer” to enter and strike and escape. Thanks to Papanin - I'm sloven, and let him say thanks that he was not shot, but it would be worth ...
  18. omsbon
    omsbon 7 July 2013 10: 34 New
    11
    In October 1768, the Turkish government, forced to submit to its then European allies, the French, declared war on its great neighbor, Russia.

    It's sucks to be a country that is forced to obey, fight and die for the interests of others, but paradoxically, history teaches few people!
    The Chesme battle is an indisputable victory of the Russian fleet !!!
    Glorious Russian Navy - Hurray! Hooray! Hooray !!!
  19. Savva30
    Savva30 7 July 2013 10: 34 New
    +6
    The battle is won by the one who firmly decided to win it!
    Tolstoy, Lev Nikolaevich
    GLORY TO THE HEROES!!!
  20. Xnumx kopeek
    Xnumx kopeek 7 July 2013 10: 44 New
    0
    Quote: alex13-61
    Quote: 20 kopeek
    at the same time and the Titanic sank

    And what about the Titanic - so all the "smart" from the flight for some reason dumped ... One of two things: either psychics, or warned ...
    -
    Titanic--
    - He brought ... Egyptian mummies. Two. / Fact / -
    - One was beaten by some prophetess / sorceress, etc., mb, Vanga's grandmother, executed Egypt. priests for something / mb, for the abuse of loot from the priest's shell / the other is also from the priestesses. / In short, everywhere-women - as always / ---
    So if you see a mummy on Sotheby's, belay - Even don’t look at her. Not that you’re even buying it. An old bastard. - Shaving are genetic thieves. Look, the Sphinx’s beard is still not raised to Egypt. And without the beard, the Sphinx is not the same, it starts to nod. Yes, and not the Sphinx, he is already, but a stinking dog! -With a barefoot face, without a beard. So now the ancient Egyptians are eating to replace the Sphinx beard with a Mursi beard.
    1. alex13-61
      alex13-61 7 July 2013 11: 02 New
      +6
      Eco dragged you ... from the Titanic it was thrown into Egypt for some reason ... You don’t smoke for an hour? .. I ask God as God: leave this thing to you ...
      And why are all our former compatriots becoming such zealous patriots of the newly-acquired homeland? ... and why does he want to rush into shit for some reason? ..
  21. individual
    individual 7 July 2013 10: 54 New
    +6
    Almost 60 years have passed since Petrovsky's "Cutting a Window to Europe".
    The Russian fleet for the first time managed to pass around the whole of Europe into the Mediterranean Sea.
    It is not easy now, but in 1770, with the opposition of the "Queen of the Seas of England" and French diplomacy, Russia replaced Turkey and its western patrons.
    Glory to the Russian Navy! Glory to Russia!
    1. shasherin_pavel
      shasherin_pavel 7 July 2013 18: 50 New
      +2
      It’s a pity that you didn’t remember that even before Ivan the Terrible, the ancient deers from the shores of present-day St. Petersburg inspired fear throughout Europe. That Svyatoslav brought a thousand lodges with wars under Constantinople, and put some of the bottom on the wheels and sailed around Constantinople on dry land, which struck them so that they allowed Svyatoslav to nail his shield on the gates of Constantinople.
      1. Nagaibak
        Nagaibak 8 July 2013 09: 58 New
        0
        shasherin_pavel "That Svyatoslav brought a thousand lodias with wars to Constantinople, and put some of them on wheels and sailed around Constantinople on dry land, which impressed them so much that they allowed Svyatoslav to nail his shield on the gates of Constantinople."
        You Svyatoslav and Oleg beguiled. Svyatoslav did not go in the boats on wheels.
  22. Xnumx kopeek
    Xnumx kopeek 7 July 2013 11: 00 New
    -6
    Quote: individ
    Almost 60 years have passed since Petrovsky's "Cutting a Window to Europe".
    The Russian fleet for the first time managed to pass around the whole of Europe into the Mediterranean Sea.
    It is not easy now, but in 1770, with the opposition of the "Queen of the Seas of England" and French diplomacy, Russia replaced Turkey and its western patrons.
    Glory to the Russian Navy! Glory to Russia!

    - Hooray! - Hooray! - Hooray! -
    -Pro window- / reminded / -
    -khe-khe-khe ...
    ---
    - "There is no use for Russia, -
    A strange rock lies on it.
    -Peter opened a window to Europe,
    -And a Jew is leaping at him "-
    --
    / I.G./ belay
  23. Xnumx kopeek
    Xnumx kopeek 7 July 2013 11: 02 New
    -3
    Quote: 20 kopeek
    Quote: individ
    Almost 60 years have passed since Petrovsky's "Cutting a Window to Europe".
    The Russian fleet for the first time managed to pass around the whole of Europe into the Mediterranean Sea.
    It is not easy now, but in 1770, with the opposition of the "Queen of the Seas of England" and French diplomacy, Russia replaced Turkey and its western patrons.
    Glory to the Russian Navy! Glory to Russia!

    - Hooray! - Hooray! - Hooray! -
    -Pro window- / reminded / -
    -khe-khe-khe ...
    ---
    - "There is no use for Russia, -
    A strange rock lies on it.
    -Peter opened a window to Europe,
    -And a Jew is leaping at him "-
    --
    / I.G./ belay

    /// Mercy for the amendment ///////// wassat
  24. Xnumx kopeek
    Xnumx kopeek 7 July 2013 11: 08 New
    -5
    Quote: True
    Must remember. But newer than Sinop, we had no victories at sea. One cheekbone basically.
    -
    -Sinop is the last battle of the sailing fleet in history, by the way. Then all sorts of Akuli with Granites and Clubs pinned, No romance, longing.
  25. anarh
    anarh 7 July 2013 11: 30 New
    +7
    And even today, All Saints Day in the Russian Land has shone.
    And in 1941 he fell on June 22.
    All a happy holiday.
  26. Ross
    Ross 7 July 2013 11: 31 New
    +3
    Quote: Tarpon
    Article plus!
    We must remember our glorious victories!


    We must remember and educate teenage wars on them, so that if anything, the exploits of their ancestors continue!
  27. sokrat-71
    sokrat-71 7 July 2013 11: 32 New
    +5
    Glory to the Russian fleet!
  28. Corsair5912
    Corsair5912 7 July 2013 12: 04 New
    10
    The Turks, once the thunderstorm of Europe, crushed and became faithful dogs of the same rotten Europe, and now they are also miserable lackeys of the Yankees. The shameful end of the Ottoman Empire.
    It doesn’t reach the Turks that they need to be friends with their neighbors, and not jump on their hind legs asking for handouts from our common enemies.
    They did not learn the lessons of history like the Chesmensky rout.
  29. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 7 July 2013 12: 30 New
    +4
    The Russian fleet will raise mother Russia .. It’s very expensive, of course, and it is NECESSARY .. And we’ll refund the stolen money .. !!!
  30. roma-belij
    roma-belij 7 July 2013 12: 35 New
    +7
    It turned out to be even more fun with the Great Georgian Fleet, 10 minutes, 3 missiles and a fleet. And they say that there are no more victories. Glory to the Russian Navy !!!!!!!!!!!
    1. Black
      Black 7 July 2013 14: 36 New
      +2
      Quote: roma-belij
      10 minutes, 3 missiles and no fleet

      ... not yet in Poti, repeat finished off with two grenades !!
  31. fenix57
    fenix57 7 July 2013 12: 36 New
    +9
    Quote: Deniska999
    Glory to our heroes!

    Quote: tronin.maxim
    Another glorious page of our fleet!

    History of Russia !! Always remember. soldier
  32. pinecone
    pinecone 7 July 2013 12: 44 New
    +6
    Chesma (tur. Chesme) today. Anchors and cannons from the sunken Turkish ships in the city square. In the background on the right, an obelisk of light stone with the inscription "In memory of the fallen in the sea battle of 1770". And that's all. With whom they fought not specified.
  33. pinecone
    pinecone 7 July 2013 12: 57 New
    +5
    But this is a joke in Turkish. A monument recently erected in Cesme to the Crimean Khan, who ruled the year of the Chesme battle and bore a very expressive name, is Kaplan Girey. Just like the last name of Fanny, who assassinated in August 1918. to the life of Vladimir Ilyich.
    1. shasherin_pavel
      shasherin_pavel 7 July 2013 18: 59 New
      +1
      Philological reference: Kaplan = (capellanus) is a Catholic priest. Full Church Slavonic Dictionary of Archpriest Dyachenko. p. 245.
  34. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 7 July 2013 13: 20 New
    +4
    The ocean is practically an unexplored part of the planet .. how much everything is happening there at the depths .. We should be the first to build the bathyscaphe ships, respectively .. Everything will pay off ..
    1. serg. 555
      serg. 555 7 July 2013 15: 53 New
      0
      And they forgot Losharik, he alone is worth a lot.
  35. papss
    papss 7 July 2013 13: 32 New
    +2
    Quote: 20 kopeek
    "There is no use for Russia, -A strange fate lies on it. -Peter opened a window to Europe, -And a Jew is leaping into it" -

    No place ... no topic ... provocative ...
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 8 July 2013 00: 09 New
      +1
      This is one of the poems of Igor Guberman ...
  36. shadow777
    shadow777 7 July 2013 14: 02 New
    +3
    It is very important to remember such events, not just for history, but for the people to have pride in their warriors. Although recently in our country it has become generally bad with memory, but it's a pity.
  37. Captain Vrungel
    Captain Vrungel 7 July 2013 14: 29 New
    +5
    Friends! Congratulations to sailors and rivermen on the Day of the Sea and River Fleet! Personnel composition personally.
    From the lighthouse to the lighthouse go all your life.
    Destiny of a famous sailor, always on the way.
    Many cool specialists gave the merchant fleet to the military (Marinesco, etc.)
    A large role was played by the sailors of the merchant marine in the Second World War. Look at the Commemorative Plaques On the squares and malls of Glory in Vladivostok, Murmansk, St. Petersburg \, Odessa for a list of dead ships and their heroic crews, which they did not want to recognize as participants in the Second World War. Not only naval personnel, but also ships were awarded military orders and medals. Happy Holidays Friends! Under your own flag, under someone else’s flag, you do not want to, but you are all sailors of a powerful naval Power whose fleet will be reborn like a Phoenix from the ashes.
  38. Genady1976
    Genady1976 7 July 2013 14: 43 New
    +7
    No comment. Glory to the Russian Navy good
    1. shasherin_pavel
      shasherin_pavel 7 July 2013 19: 09 New
      +7
      These rams could not even fit this in their heads, they stand and take pictures ... they think ha ha ha nki them here in our waters. But the bulk was in bulk, and although it was not a ram, the anchors rolled out of the haws were the ripped side of the American at the stern, and the case was examined by the "US Congress Commission" and ended with the dismissal of the ship's commander with "shame".
    2. Xnumx kopeek
      Xnumx kopeek 8 July 2013 07: 58 New
      +2
      Yorktown 1988-
      - The authorities have already beaten the Turks Gorbi. -It happened under Brezhnev, Yorktown was sent to the bottom, But the fact is that under Brezhnev SUCH there was no bi / arrogance of the Americans / - like a stray Rust on corn.
  39. Black
    Black 7 July 2013 14: 45 New
    +6
    The Chesme medal is beautiful and concise.
    In the foreground are four Russian ships. Behind them is a flaming Turkish ship. Over the burning Turkish ship, only one word is coined - “was”. Some researchers believe that this word refers to the deceased Turkish fleet.
    This interpretation especially warms the soul.
    1. mirror
      mirror 7 July 2013 15: 33 New
      +3
      The ancestors, apparently, were scrupulous about the awards - I take off my hat to them. Most likely, "was" means that the awarded WAS in the battle at Chesme, for which he is a special honor. It is impossible to award such a medal to those who are not involved :-)
  40. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 7 July 2013 14: 51 New
    11
    Dear forum users - good day. perhaps our current rulers and naval commanders do not honor our history enough. In the modern Navy there are no ships bearing the names "Chesma" and "Lieutenant Ilyin". Who is in favor of immortalizing these names in the names of new ships - put a plus.
  41. bbss
    bbss 7 July 2013 15: 18 New
    +4
    Who noticed? The Russian fleet was commanded by Admiral SPIRIDOV Georgy Andreyevich! Shame on not knowing it!
  42. sashka
    sashka 7 July 2013 15: 42 New
    +2
    Each generation has a reason for Pride. The generation of the Unified State Exam is not included here .. There were the right people and "suddenly" ended .. What to do? The fact that they are not INDIGO is understandable. What to do with the rest? What to do with "fools" ??? Maybe ptu ?? At least guest workers will not be needed ..
    1. Sanyl
      Sanyl 9 July 2013 14: 44 New
      0
      The generation of exam is now 16-20 years old. And you should create the reasons for their pride. So do not grumble at the youth. They, like us, love and admire their ancestors and their history.
  43. andsavichev2012
    andsavichev2012 7 July 2013 15: 43 New
    0
    Did the Little Russian fleet take part in this battle?
  44. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 7 July 2013 17: 35 New
    +1
    The exploits of the sailors of the Russian fleet must live forever !!!
  45. poquello
    poquello 7 July 2013 17: 48 New
    +3
    Feature films for such events need to be made - fiction and historical, and more.
  46. morprepud
    morprepud 7 July 2013 17: 58 New
    +2
    Quote: True
    One cheekbone basically.

    I think, who does this "bloated author" remind me of? I remembered ... (for the True One): "Distribute the sea! The toad climbs!"
    PS - A climbs from Germany!
  47. morprepud
    morprepud 7 July 2013 18: 30 New
    +2
    Victory Day of the Russian fleet in the Chesme battle
    - added a THIRD strip to the gust of the Russian sailor !!!
    1. penguin
      penguin 7 July 2013 22: 05 New
      +2
      I'm sorry, but it was the second strip and the third was for Sinop
  48. Navy7981
    Navy7981 7 July 2013 19: 05 New
    0
    Navy - forever!
  49. воронов
    воронов 7 July 2013 19: 39 New
    +1
    That's where it’s always necessary with them.
  50. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 7 July 2013 21: 12 New
    +1
    To the victories of the Russian Navy, glory! 25 — 26 of June (6 — 7 of July), battle in Chesme Bay
    In the Chesmen Bay, Turkish ships formed two lines of 8 and 7 battleships, respectively, the rest of the vessels took a position between these lines and the coast.
    During the 6 day of July, Russian ships shelled the Turkish fleet and coastal fortifications from a long distance.
    "Europe", "Rostislav" and the approaching "Don't touch me" formed a line from north to south, engaging in battle with Turkish ships, Saratov stood in reserve, and Thunder and the frigate Africa attacked batteries on the western coast of the bay. At 1:30 or a little earlier (at midnight according to Elphinstone [4]), as a result of the fire of Thunder and / or Don't Touch Me, one of the Turkish battleships exploded due to the transition of the flame from the burning sails to the hull. Burning debris from this explosion pelted other ships in the bay. And one under the command of Lieutenant D. Ilyin grappled with an 84-gun ship of the line. Ilyin set fire to the fire-ship, and he, together with the team, left it in a boat. The ship exploded and set fire to most of the remaining Turkish ships. By 2:30, 3 more ships of the line exploded.
    Chesme Column
    After the Battle of Chesme, the Russian fleet was able to seriously disrupt the communications of the Turks in the Aegean Sea and establish the blockade of the Dardanelles.
    All this played an important role in the conclusion of the Kuchuk-Kainardzhi peace treaty.
    By order of Catherine II, to commemorate the victory, a Chesmensky memorial hall was created in the Peterhof Grand Palace (1774 — 1777), an 2 monument was erected for this event: the Chesmensky obelisk in Gatchina (1775) and the Chesmenskaya column in Tsarskoye Selo (and also 1778) Chesme Palace (1774 — 1777) and Chesme Church of St. John the Baptist (1777 — 1780) in St. Petersburg.
    In memory of the Chesme victory, gold and silver medals were cast. The medals were made according to the “decree of Her Imperial Majesty Empress Catherine Alekseevna”: “We commend this medal to all those who were on it fleet during this Chesme fortune both marine and land lower ranks and allow them to be worn on a blue ribbon in memory in the buttonhole. " Catherine.
    Count Alexei Orlov received the right to add the name Chesmensky to the surname.
    The name "Chesma" was the squadron battleship of the Russian Navy (see Chesma (battleship)). By decree of Nicholas II, Cesmoy was named the settlement, now a village in the Chelyabinsk region (see Chesma (village)).
    There is Cape Chesma in the Anadyr Bay in the 1876 year - an expedition on the Horseman clipper
    In July 2012, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed into law amendments “On the Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia,” which supplement the list of days of military glory with the date of July 7 — the Day of the Russian Navy's victory over the Turkish fleet in the Chesme battle.
    Guys, don't give any ratings. This is Wikipedia content. Read and deepen your knowledge.
    1. Suhov
      Suhov 7 July 2013 22: 48 New
      0
      Quote: Ivanovich47
      In July 2012, the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed the amendments in the law "On the days of military glory and memorable dates of Russia", which complement list of days of military glory on July 7 - Victory Day Russian fleet over turkish fleet in the Chesme battle.

      This buzz is not casual ...
      laughing