Military Review

Defense Ministry discloses information and waits for feedback

21
Throughout the recent reforms of the armed forces, disputes have not abated. The public is actively discussing the financial, social, technical and other features of changes in the structure and equipment of the army. In this case, another important question is raised very rarely. At the beginning of the wave of criticism of reforms, an opinion emerged that the Ministry of Defense should pay more attention to the information component of the changes. In other words, the defense ministry is carrying out reforms, but is not in a hurry to explain to the public why all these changes are necessary, and this situation needs to be corrected. Probably the correct approach to informing could, if not eliminate the negative reaction completely, then, at least, translate it into the channel of constructive criticism. In turn, “feedback” and timely taking into account the opinions of society could also help increase the effectiveness of transformations.


Some time ago, the Minister of Defense of Russia S. Shoigu demanded from his subordinates to improve public relations. For example, during the recent exercises of the East Kazakhstani Air Force and the Air Force, the Minister ordered to regularly share information with the press on the progress of events. In the last days of the month of June, the course towards openness has been further developed. On the official website of the Russian Ministry of Defense several new sections have appeared, designed to tell the public about the plans of the department. In addition, interested citizens can now comment on the course of change and ask their questions to those responsible.

Personnel

Perhaps the most interesting section is the “Plan of Activities for 2013–2020”, which briefly publishes information on the intentions of the Ministry of Defense regarding improving the quantitative and qualitative state of the armed forces. For example, before the end of this year, the military department intends to bring the number of contract soldiers to 241,4 thousand people. As a result of this, according to plans, in the underwater navy and only contract soldiers will serve in the battalions of the Airborne Forces. Contracted military personnel will also occupy 75% of sergeant posts and those associated with the operation of complex equipment and machinery. Also among the plans concerning personnel, it is worth noting the formation of two scientific companies, in which the most gifted graduates of universities will serve.



By the end of the next 2014, the Ministry of Defense intends to bring the staffing of the armed forces to the level of 95-100% of the required. At the same time, the number of contract soldiers will increase to 295 thousand people. During 2014, the contractors will fully occupy all the positions of sergeants, as well as displace conscripts from special forces and battalions of marines. Also, employees under the contract will occupy half of the posts of intelligence officers and artillery specialists in the airborne troops and "take away" the same share of driver and repair technicians. The formation of scientific companies in the 2014 year will go in accordance with the tasks of the armed forces. Exact plans for this will be determined later.

In 2015, the number of contract soldiers will reach 350 thousand people and they will fully occupy all the posts of intelligence officers and artillery airborne specialists. Also, three-quarters of the posts of drivers and repairmen will be assigned to contract workers. In a year, by the end of 2016, the Russian armed forces will have 400 thousand contract servicemen, who will take all the driving and repair "vacancies". Finally, in 2017, contractors will displace conscripts from positions associated with the operation of sophisticated machinery and equipment. The number of such servicemen will grow to 425 thousand people. In the future, according to existing plans, the quantitative indicators of the personnel of the armed forces will not undergo major changes, and the main work will concern raising the level of their training and equipping the troops with new equipment and weapons.

Equipment and weapons

The new section of the Ministry of Defense website also published information on the planned course of the state rearmament program. The tables show the required percentage of new equipment and weapons for a particular year. So, by the end of the current 2013, the armed forces should have 19% new weapons and equipment. Next year, this parameter should reach 26%, and in 2015, 30%. For 2016, it is required to increase the share of new equipment by another 11%, and after 2017, the share of new weapons should approach half of the total. At 2018, growth is planned up to 59%, at 2019, up to 64%. Finally, during the last year of the state program of re-equipment, the share of new equipment should exceed the required 70%.



The dynamics of the class of technology is as follows. During the current 2013, the share of new submarines will be increased to 47% and will remain so until the end of next year. Further, in 2015, a slight increase of a few percent per year will begin, which by the end of the decade will allow it to reach the mark of 70%. Similarly, plans for surface ships are similar. The current share of new ships in 41% will gradually grow and only in 2017 will pass over the mark in 50%. Next, a period of relatively mass delivery of the built ships will begin, and in 2020 the requirements of the State Program will be fulfilled. Such rates of renewal of the equipment of the Navy are due to the specifics of the construction of ships and submarines, since the assembly of structures and installation of equipment takes a lot of time.

Much less labor intensive is the construction of aircraft and helicopters. This fact will allow faster to update the material part of the air force. So, on the 2013 year, it is planned to update the aircraft fleet to the level of 23% new technology, for helicopters this parameter will reach 39%. Already in 2015, the Air Force will have 37% new aircraft and 63% new helicopters. Two years later, the share of new aircraft and helicopters will reach the level of 55% and 76%, respectively. By the end of the state program, the share of new helicopters will grow to 85%, and by this time new aircraft will reach the required level in 70%.

The plans of the Ministry of Defense to upgrade the rocket forces and artillery look interesting. During the first years, rocket complexes will receive special priority, after which a large-scale upgrade of artillery will begin. So, by the end of this year, the troops should have 27% new tactical missile systems. In the next 2014, it is necessary to increase their share to 64%, and to the end of 2016, to 82%. Finally, 2018 will launch missilemen for the year with a fully updated fleet of missile systems. From 2013 to 2016, gunners will have to use new weapons, whose share will not exceed 50-55 percent. However, in 2017, the number of new artillery systems will increase by about 10% and by the end of this decade will reach the level of 79-80% of the total number of available guns.

Armored fighting vehicles sector - tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, etc. - Over the next years will gradually increase the pace of its renewal. This year it is required to bring the share of new equipment of this class to 20%, plans for the next 2014 provide for an increase of another five percent, and already in 2015 the growth will be 12%. After that, the relative number of new tanks, armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles will reach a level of 37%. For 2017, it is planned to reach the 55% mark, and two years later, in 2019, before the end of the State Armament Program, the troops will have 75% of new armored combat vehicles. In total, by 2020, it is planned to upgrade the fleet of armored vehicles to the level of 82% of new vehicles.

The fleet of multi-purpose vehicles will not be updated too quickly, its retrofit rate will not exceed 5-7 percent per year. Nevertheless, given the current 40% of new machines, by the year 2020 will be able to fulfill all the requirements of the state armaments program.

Simultaneously with the purchase of new weapons and equipment, the existing materiel will be repaired. In the current 2013 year, it is planned to keep the number of serviceable vehicles at the level of 55-65 percent of the total number used. Already by 2016, it is planned to bring this figure to the level of 80-85 percent. According to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, in the future, the proportion of good technology will be maintained at this level.

It is also worth noting promising projects, the start or completion of which is planned for the coming years. Several such programs have already been launched. Until 2016, it is planned to complete several projects of tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, etc. combat vehicles. In a year, design work on new aviation complex, anti-aircraft missile system and corvette. Another project involving the construction of a destroyer will be completed in 2019.

Figures describing the re-equipment of the armed forces, as follows. During 2013, 15 divisions will receive new equipment, in 2014, 12 will receive more. By the end of the state program, by the end of 2020, a total of 406 connections will be transferred to new equipment and weapons.

Control systems

In the published plans of the Ministry of Defense, a separate section is allocated for work on updating the command and control system. So, by 2015, the National Center for Defense Management will be created. In addition, in the coming years, a network of combat control and day-to-day operations centers will be created. By 2016, such centers will appear in the commands of the types and types of troops, in 2017 in the military districts. In the next 2018, the creation of centers in associations of types and types of troops will be completed.

Also, to increase the effectiveness of the troops, it is planned to purchase equipment for satellite navigation of the GLONASS system. By 2020, the percentage of vehicles equipped with such equipment will increase from the current 40-45 percent to the required 70%.

Personnel training

In the next seven years, special attention will be paid to the training of personnel, first and foremost, sailors, pilots, and drivers of automobiles and armored vehicles. So, in the current 2013 year, the crews of surface ships and submarines should spend at sea 60 days. Next year, the total duration of the hikes should be 75 days, and in 2016-m - 100. Beginning with 2019, the crews of the Navy will spend at sea 125 days per year.

Similarly, air raids will grow. This year, pilots of operational-tactical aviation must spend 100 hours in the air, pilots of military transport aviation connections - 110 hours. For military and naval aviation, the planned 2013 raid on a pilot year is 70 hours. Prior to 2016, these figures will increase to 105, 130, 100 and 90 hours for operational-tactical, military transport, army and naval aviation, respectively. Finally, in 2020, naval aviation pilots should fly up on 120 hours, operational tactical aviation - 125 and army aviation - 130. Military transport aviation will have the largest air raid: every pilot in it will make flights with a total duration of 150 hours.

Drivers of road transport and armored vehicles will also improve their skills, often driving to roads and landfills. During 2013, the driver must drive at least 350 kilometers, and the crew of tanks, infantry fighting vehicles or armored personnel carriers - 250. In 2014 and 2015, the required mileage will be 500 and 350 km for car drivers and armored vehicle crews, respectively. In 2020, the mileage of practical driving should be 1000 kilometers for motorists and 500 kilometers for tank crews and crews of other armored vehicles.

Planned increase in the number of parachute jumps in the relevant units. So, this year the servicemen of the reconnaissance units must complete nine jumps each. For 2017-2018 years, the number of their jumps will double. Finally, in 2020, each of the reconnaissance fighters will jump 21 with a parachute once. For military paratroopers and airborne assault units, as well as for airborne units of the military districts, the rate of jumps will be lower, but will also gradually increase. In 2013, the military personnel of these units will make six jumps each, and in 2020, by 12, i.e. twice as much.

The published materials also provide figures relating to the recruitment to higher education institutions of the Ministry of Defense. This year's Higher Academy of the General Staff will welcome 70 new students. 790 people will go to specific academies. Military schools and institutes in 2013 will open the doors for 15680 new cadets. In addition, this year will open a new Presidential Cadet School. Four more of these schools will start work before 2016.

Military Science Complex

In the near future, the Ministry of Defense will be engaged in the development of science and technology. Already this year a new research organization will be opened. In addition, the creation of the Center for Unmanned Aviation, the Center for the provision of advanced military research and development systems and the Main Research and Testing Center will begin soon. These three organizations will start work in 2015. The Unified Modeling Center of the Ministry of Defense will open in 2017, and in two more years there will be branches of the Unmanned Aviation Center in military districts and a separate Research Center for Advanced Technologies.

In addition to the central organizations engaged in research and future projects, over the next years regional centers and branches will be created. As a result of all these works, by the year 2018 it is planned to build a system of research and design organizations capable of creating and developing promising technologies, as well as ensuring their implementation.

Contact Us

It is also necessary to note the new section of the Ministry of Defense website called “Discussion”. In it, everyone can leave their comments to the rearmament program or to other initiatives of the military department. Questions are also taken to the responsible persons. As the head of the press and information department of the Ministry of Defense, Major General I. Konashenkov, said, all comments after verification will be published and transmitted to the appropriate military leaders. Only offensive and obscene notes cannot be tested.

The publication of data on the renewal of the armed forces as in the form News, and in the form of a collection of basic information about the plans, it clearly says that the Ministry of Defense has finally set its course on openness to the public. The ability to comment on a decision or ask a question to officials of the ministry will also facilitate the interaction of society and the armed forces. Thus, a small and uncomplicated innovation will significantly improve the information situation around the armed forces in general and reform in particular. Of course, the military will not disclose secrecy information, but published data will be useful.


On the materials of the sites:
http://mil.ru/mod_activity_plan.htm
http://ria.ru/
http://ng.ru/
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  1. Russ69
    Russ69 5 July 2013 08: 51 New
    +5
    The main thing is that all statements come true.
    1. kris
      kris 5 July 2013 09: 52 New
      +2
      The morning began with balabolstva!
      We played numbers and everything seemed to be fine!
    2. host
      host 5 July 2013 12: 44 New
      +5
      These are all words.
      How many years have it been said that in the defense industry (research institutes, enterprises of the defense complex) there were only pensioners and WHAT ???
      And now there are no young specialists added, no incentives (material, there can be no other). The salary in McDonalds (not to mention other trading enterprises), from the seller of buns, is higher than the young engineer in St. Petersburg.
      And we all chat and hope that the situation will change.
  2. sys-1985
    sys-1985 5 July 2013 08: 52 New
    +2
    Everything is going according to plan, they are trying. soldier
    1. evgenii67
      evgenii67 5 July 2013 09: 18 New
      +4
      Hello everyone! For the most part, verbiage, in the sense of the percent rubbing that we get at the output, for example, wrote 10% is about 40 aircraft, you do not need exact numbers, so with a small error.
      Quote: Russ69
      The main thing is that all statements come true.
      it is yes!
      Quote: sys-1985
      Everything is going according to plan, they are trying.

      in 20 we will see or earlier, if we buy and continue to use PERCENTAGE, we will most likely get out of 80-90%, and if, for example, the old Su-27 and MiG-29 are replaced 1 to 1 with modern samples, request big doubts, but on armored vehicles so generally with our policy repeat so today there is nothing to replace the old T-72, T-80 (and their modifications), the T-90 is not coming into service, Almaty (fate is not yet clear)
      1. aviator_IAS
        aviator_IAS 5 July 2013 09: 58 New
        +1
        It is clear that overall the dynamics are positive, and after years of stagnation, new equipment began to arrive in the troops. I think that calculating these percentages allows you to slightly embellish the situation. Our officials like to report not in real BT units, but in percent.

        The current share of new ships of 41% will gradually grow and only in 2017 will exceed the 50% mark.


        Even with this approach to statistics, variations are possible: which ship is considered "new". The overwhelming majority of ships are still Soviet-built, and in terms of percentage, it seems to be not bad - almost half are new. So I am for statistics closer to real tanks, airplanes, ships.
  3. Jin
    Jin 5 July 2013 09: 31 New
    +2
    Well, vasche! smile In a year or two we’ll see what and how it goes. Then it will be possible to judge whether they are stars or really do. And so Shoigu handsome, reckons with public opinion. Pleased, well done.
  4. NOMADE
    NOMADE 5 July 2013 10: 02 New
    +1
    Eh .. (in numbers and plans, everything is fine. But, unfortunately, such a rate of rearmament seems unlikely to me (Earlier, information had already slipped that the plan for the implementation of the defense procurement was shifted to next year. Simply, at this stage, we cannot to compare with the capacities of the defense industry of the USSR Therefore, such volumes of production, in my opinion, are unlikely.
    It would be nice if I were mistaken in the conclusions. )))
  5. PROXOR
    PROXOR 5 July 2013 10: 05 New
    +3
    Something the first photo is somehow old or what !!!! Well, really our guys in this form. Especially touches machine guns and machine guns without shops.
  6. omsbon
    omsbon 5 July 2013 10: 20 New
    0
    If nothing is done, then nothing will come of reform. It is foolish to demand an instant result. With the advent of Shaigu, much began to change for the better, so that we wait and see.
  7. silver_roman
    silver_roman 5 July 2013 10: 35 New
    +1
    a few points are interesting.
    First of all, what does "new technology" mean according to the MO? Those. what resource and term it can withstand and under what definition does the new technique fall? The term of 3 years - as I understand it, is also a new technique.
    And secondly, interest in the Navy looks strange:
    During the current 2013, the share of new submarines will be increased to 47% and will remain so until the end of next year.

    what new submarines do we have today ??? Alexander Nevsky, Vladimir Monomakh, Yuri Dolgoruky - these are 955 Boreas.
    the ash trees are generally shallow: Severodvinsk seems to be promised to enter at 13, Kazan is also on its way ...
    Who knows what there on diesels ??? somehow 47% look too big for a dozen submarines ...
    Submariners, answer me!
  8. iCuD
    iCuD 5 July 2013 11: 22 New
    +2
    Here we are all here, mainly discussing the percentage of new equipment / weapons or financing, well, etc.
    But lately, I am more and more interested in the development of the Military Scientific Complex. After all, no one forgot how the various military research institutes closed. How now do we want to extend the arms race (just don’t say that it doesn’t exist. It has been, is and will be throughout the development of mankind) with the remnants of the USSR Military Science Complex? Someday the scientific and technological developments of the USSR will end and what will we do?
    Whatever you say, in the USSR, as in the USA, pretty smart people sat / are sitting. We must work for the future. I think that everyone understands that the colossal breakthrough in the scientific and technical terms in the 20th century is the result of military / military developments.
    And so the article is uniquely +.
  9. Vtel
    Vtel 5 July 2013 11: 31 New
    0
    And who is against it, but it is necessary to get rid of Serdyukovism completely and forward, time does not wait.
  10. kagorta
    kagorta 5 July 2013 11: 45 New
    +2
    Nike liked the photo with the advertisement. Maybe we are for grandmothers, like the Olympic team, also the contracts for the wearing of anything to conclude. laughing
  11. seller trucks
    seller trucks 5 July 2013 11: 51 New
    +3
    A year later, by the end of 2016, the Russian armed forces will have 400 thousand contract servicemen who will occupy all the driver’s and repair jobs.


    I have thoughts here about this, I decided to share it, IMHO RF Ministry of Defense to create a number of nautical schools, vocational schools and technical schools for the training of highly specialized specialists, well, for example, junior and secondary technical personnel for the Air Force and Navy, in principle, specialties are in demand also in civilian life. Unlearned, went to the army (by profession, practice and service), wanted, stayed on contract or quit. In the USSR, such an education system existed.
    1. 2k11
      2k11 5 July 2013 14: 52 New
      +1
      Yes, and to take higher education institutions only after military service
  12. morpogr
    morpogr 5 July 2013 12: 21 New
    0
    Percentage of figures is good at the end of the year and we will compare plans and facts for 2013, and the fact that the dialogue is started only for everyone is beneficial and beneficial.
  13. svoboda1970
    svoboda1970 5 July 2013 14: 32 New
    0
    Those words would be to God’s ears ... And God forbid! good
  14. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 5 July 2013 22: 21 New
    0
    There are many plans - it remains to fulfill!
  15. dustycat
    dustycat 6 July 2013 10: 20 New
    0
    Wow plans "huge" ... It's mine ...
    350 km of coastline for MV - 10 times to the landfill and go back.
    100-150 hours of flying time - well, I’m generally silent about the last 20-50, but for mattresses there are 250-300 flights a year, for the Chinese at least 300, for Indians 200-270 they want 300. What is 150 hours for a transporter? 10-12 flights. We will not compare with the passenger - now it’s clear why the military is now reluctant to take in civilians - with such a touch.
    Subfloor update - crucians to mix.
    For seafarers, 60-100 days of trekking - many more on a civilian ride on river trams and ferries per year.
    Updating aviation - well, for the current raid it may be enough, but for the planned one - make the chickens laugh.
    About military R&D - one calms it down - maybe they will come to their senses by 2015 and I won’t create centers for the state budget - not a single Center has justified itself yet, but has added the work of the Account Board.
    The center is, first of all, the termination of any competition between the design bureau and development groups in this field. The fact that Skolkovo is a failure and so the whole world understands.
    Some centers like Skolkovo should be at least 10 throughout the country. Without this, talking about some kind of opportunity to reduce Russia's technological gap from its most likely allies is impossible.
    The center in the RF Ministry of Defense should be one: the Center for the development of promising areas and the testing and acceptance of new weapons.
  16. Zomanus
    Zomanus 6 July 2013 15: 10 New
    0
    Something more is planning the facade, forgetting about the foundation. In many areas, we continue to consume Soviet achievements without developing new ones. Smart graduates: 1) initially do not go to faculties related to the army, technology, science, because they value themselves, 2) those who studied in the field of technology and / or science after graduation try to get out of the country or get a job in representative offices of foreign companies . Here you have all the innovations with continuity. This is only about the initial operating time. Production. The new production methods are zero, in many enterprises the machine tool park and the work culture are at the level of the late scoop or 90's. And of course, the salary does not imply significant buns when increasing the level, category. In short, there is no salt supply at all. And at the same time they want to build and develop something like that. Yes, through 20 for years, we will have to disassemble and study the current models of technology in order to understand how they work. Maybe of course I’m catching up on the terrible here too, but I would like to read the reviews of workers and scientists about the current state of production and science.
  17. mithridate
    mithridate 7 July 2013 21: 09 New
    0
    to study military affairs in this way!