The spectrum of the enterprise’s activity is also very wide. It covers the production of military equipment for the Russian Navy and foreign customers, marine equipment for oil and gas production, civil shipbuilding, and the manufacture of technical products for the engineering, metallurgical, oil and gas, and other industries. Warranty repairs, modernization of nuclear submarines, surface ships and their disposal are also within the competence of Sevmash.
The first deputy general director of Sevmash, Sergey Marichev, told us about what the enterprise lives now.
From the Red Star dossier:
Sergey Yuryevich is a hereditary shipbuilder, born in Severodvinsk, and his work biography is work at one enterprise. Here he went through all the stages of career growth. After graduating from Sevmashvtuz, which in those years was a branch of the Leningrad Shipbuilding Institute, he worked as a foreman, mechanical engineer of the main power plant (in the Navy an equivalent position is the commander of a remote control group). Then he worked as a shift mechanic, transfer mechanic, leading transfer mechanic. By the way, Sergey Marichev is the first leading delivery mechanic of the new generation head boat, Yuri Dolgoruky, which in January became part of the Northern fleet.
The practice of the head was enriched and strengthened in the largest workshop in the world at the positions of deputy head, and later - his head. The logical continuation of the career became the appointment of the first deputy head of the production of military equipment and the chief engineer of the enterprise. And here is a higher and more responsible post - First Deputy General Director of OAO “PO Sevmash”.
The shipbuilder's work was awarded state awards - the medal of the Order for Services to the Fatherland, II degree and the medal "300 years to the Russian Navy."
Priority - state defense order
“At the moment, our activities are determined by several main areas,” explains Sergey Marichev. - Military, where within the framework of the State program of armament of Russia up to 2020 of the year (GVV-2020) the state defense order (GOZ) prevails. The second is the program of military-technical cooperation, in accordance with which the repair and modernization of the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser Admiral Gorshkov is being completed in the aircraft carrier for the Indian naval forces Vikramaditya. Another direction is civil shipbuilding. Naturally, the priority belongs to the military component, aimed at improving the defense capacity of the state.
According to the first deputy director general, the tasks set by the management towards ensuring the tasks of the state defense order, their own plans and commitments are successfully implemented. The main thing here is testing new ships in the framework of the State Armaments Program, which are held at the White Sea test sites.
“Last year we successfully tested three nuclear submarines,” explains Sergey Marichev. The main order of the Borey project is the Yury Dolgoruky, the second ship of the “Grand-Prince” series is the Alexander Nevsky and the multi-purpose boat of the Ash Tree bearing the name of our city — Severodvinsk.
The result of the work was the signing of the acceptance act of the cruiser "Yuri Dolgoruky". This is undoubtedly a remarkable event not only for the plant and the Navy, but also for the country as a whole. The state tests of “Alexander Nevsky” were interrupted due to hydrometeological conditions, but the company’s staff has no doubt that it will be commissioned in the current year.
Sergey Marichev told about the peculiarities of the Severodvinsk tests. The fact is that usually firing submarines are held during state tests. This time, as part of the factory tests, the multipurpose nuclear submarine "Severodvinsk" successfully fired at all types of targets from all positions of the ship with the missile system. It was first used from a carrier and from the first time fully met expectations.
In addition, 2012 was marked by the conduct of the program of military-technical cooperation of all types of tests aircraft carrier "Vikramaditya", transmitted to the Indian Navy. The first stage took place in the White Sea, after which the work moved to the Barents. The main part of the tests was very successful. And this is the merit of the commissioning team of the enterprise, units and formations of the Northern Fleet, which ensured the passage of tests. The main thing is that the pilots coped with the task and aviation ship service. 417 sorties were made, of which more than 50 take-offs and landings were performed by MiG-29 K.
In the autumn of 2012, the aircraft carrier returned to its home pier. Some of the boilers designed by the special design bureau and manufactured at the Baltic Plant did not withstand the load and were damaged during the sea trials. Now after the repair 4 boiler successfully put into operation. The 4 boilers will also be launched after filling the pool and setting the ship to the embankment.
Plans first stage
The first half of 2013 of the year was aimed at preparing for navigation. One of the main points Sergey Marichev called the carrying out of docking of “Severodvinsk” in the slipway shop. After carrying out a cycle of works the cruiser is launched. Now he is once again taking the state maritime examinations. Practically after him, the first serial ship of the 955 project "Alexander Nevsky" went on to continue state tests.
Not removed from the agenda and obligations to foreign partners. On the aircraft carrier "Vikramaditya" is actively preparing for the continuation of sea trials in early July.
It should be noted that by itself the installation of such a large ship in the filling basin is a unique operation and, according to the assurances of competent specialists, has no analogues in world shipbuilding. From the upper deck of a giant ship, powerful sponsons hang over the board line (an onboard ledge, which, as a rule, houses combat systems and weapon), and in order for it to pass through the gate of the self-leveling basin, it must be raised. To this end, special pontoons are placed under the hull, the ship, as in an eye of a needle, is drawn into the waterworks, while the gap between the ship’s leiers (whose deck is more than fifty meters) and the pool facilities is only 30-50 centimeters. Filigree!
But that is not all. This colossus should also be placed on a slipway. The crew and shipbuilders flashed skill here. The discrepancy did not exceed 10 centimeters. And on the mid-frame, which conventionally divides the ship's hull with a vertical transverse plane in half, he stood absolutely exactly. On the stern, deviations resulted in centimeters in 5, and in the nose - in 7. Perfect setting.
Now begins the final stage of testing.
“Do not look back, do not be disappointed. There is no failure. Everything that was done was done right. We need to go only forward! ”- this, perhaps, is the credo of the first deputy general director of OAO“ PO “Sevmash”.
The need to set up an aircraft carrier for the repair of failed boilers cannot override the success of the team that worked on re-equipping the ship. The scope of work on the aircraft carrier, which consistently bore the names of "Baku", "Admiral Gorshkov", "Vikramaditya", is striking in its scale.
The cooperation with contractors involved in the development, design, supply and subsequent adjustment of the installed modern ship equipment has been established. New technologies have been mastered, in particular, the formation of the flight deck: there was no springboard and an aerofinisher. It was necessary to open the hull, test the brake machines at the test site in the town of Saki, install them, hang and form a springboard, strengthen the deck and apply a new coating to it. The installation of large-sized hull structures was carried out, the sponsons — the most powerful hull elements — were mounted, the wind-steering complex — repair, unloading, upgrading of shaft lines, a full set of equipment of the main power plant. Completely replaced cable.
In essence, this is a new ship: in addition to the hull, again completely modernized, everything has undergone a refit.
We can safely say: Sevmash has unique technologies for the repair and modernization of aircraft carriers. And the reasons are simple. Firstly, no one has done such work before. Secondly, because the design office is preparing the project, and the construction technology is being developed by the construction plant.
“That is why no one else can have such developments in principle,” argues Sergey Yuryevich. - Yes, we have a truly unique experience. Nobody has such a one as Sevmash’s - this is the first. And second, he, this experience, is a successful one! The completely modernized ship has already passed a whole test cycle and is again sent to sea.
The second serial boat “Vladimir Monomakh” is undergoing comprehensive mooring trials, it is awaited by the first factory access to the sea. The cruiser was taken out of the workshop at the end of December 2012. Then, at the solemn event, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov expressed confidence that the ship would pass the tests in accordance with the schedule, and wished the submarine a happy fate.
- Already the third “Borey” will go out to sea, - states Marichev. - This is already a serious force capable of solving very important tasks.
Shoulder to shoulder
Of course, the enterprise cannot do without interaction with the parts of the Navy deployed in Severodvinsk. Naval sailors provide industry with landfills, ships and support vessels, and are fully involved in the testing of the latest naval equipment and weapons. Despite the problems of a different nature, the work goes on as usual. And there is no other way - the “ruler” of the exit of the ships is very dense. Events that cover the range of tests, are subject to lengthy coordination, and shifting the schedule for just one day can ruin all plans.
Sergey Yuryevich respectfully notes the high professionalism of officers of the White Sea Naval Base under the command of Rear Admiral Vladimir Vorobyov and the State Central Order of Lenin of the naval test range of the Navy commanded by Captain 1 of the rank of Vladimir Bosoy.
“Without the use of modern technologies and the availability of a serious technical base, modern fourth-generation submarines cannot be built,” says the first deputy general director. - To produce high-tech complex products, you need to invest money. This is an axiom. And we are developing.
Sevmash participates in the implementation of three federal target programs: “Development of the defense-industrial complex of the Russian Federation”, “Ensuring nuclear and radiation safety” and “Development of civilian marine equipment”. The first one for us, of course, is the main one.
Within its framework, the modernization of the berth production for the construction of fourth-generation ships is being carried out - the development of two groups of the Borey and Yasen ships assumes the presence of large production areas. The state armaments program requires a larger number of ships and, as a result, new berths. As part of the development program for the defense industry, modernization of the building plant has already begun. In large quantities purchased more advanced, high-precision and high-performance machine equipment. In the shortest possible time, the berths, ship ramps will be improved, the crane lifting equipment will be replaced and modernized. These measures will allow to produce products with higher quality.
The construction of submarines is also underway. Intensive work is under way on the Kazan cruiser, laid down in 2009. On the stocks is the ship of the Borey series “Prince Vladimir”, laid down in 2012 in the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“It is being built according to a modernized project and will be the main one for ships of the 955 project,” explains Sergey Marichev. - Now we are preparing for the most serious stage in the life cycle of any submarine - conducting hydraulic tests of a solid hull. In addition, ready sections of the next order have already been received in the building workshop, and in the future, the modernized workshops will receive another order.
Sevmash is famous for people
“To be able to work, you must have a job,” Sergey Yuryevich strongly remarks when we touched on the topic of training specialists.
The structure of Sevmash has a technical training department, which regularly carries out training activities in accordance with the emerging needs. Training is conducted at the institute - a former branch of the St. Petersburg State Marine Technical University, which has now become an integral part of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University. The middle link is studying at a technical college, there are two vocational schools.
By the way, the training system that exists on Sevmash is also, perhaps, the only one of its kind. The formula “factory - technical college” assumes a close connection between theory and practice, in which students after the first semester are involved in the full working time in the production process in a specialized field, while studying is not interrupted, but is conducted in the evening. Direct communication theory and practice gives a tangible effect in the development of the profession.
- As a result, a person comes to the enterprise from the institute who has already worked at the enterprise for 2,5-3, turned the “iron”, knows the process from the inside and has no less than the third category in one or another specialty. I myself studied according to this scheme, and I know very well how effective it is, ”says Marichev with knowledge.
“Shipbuilding is a cyclical industry,” he explains, “and if today we need assemblers, then the next stage will require a greater number of installers. And one of the tasks of the company's management is to competently solve the issues of ensuring the production of the required specialties and necessary qualifications by the workers. This is a normal personnel work. She is always in control and successfully solves problems.
For example, now the load on the mechanical engineering workshops has increased many times to provide the Boreev and Ash series. This is where graduates of vocational schools are needed. And the first deputy general director of Sevmash has a control over an 24 machine operator.
The company is developing and improving. It is rich in traditions and working dynasties - both in the top leadership and among the workers. The general director of Sevmash, Mikhail Budnichenko, is a hereditary shipbuilder; his father headed one of the main departments of the enterprise. In the biography of Mikhail Anatolyevich there were a lot of submarines, he went through all the steps of the career ladder in production and now heads the leading Russian shipyard.
Sergey Marichev’s father was the head of the section that assembled the nuclear submarines for reactor installations. There are dozens of such examples among the workers.
People praise their factory with their work. Already in the newest stories Sevmash has more than one gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation. And this is a merit of the team, high-class specialists, who can meet any tasks.
In the picture: The lead ship of the Borey project goes to sea -
strategic submarine missile cruiser "Yuri Dolgoruky".
strategic submarine missile cruiser "Yuri Dolgoruky".