Military Review

Anti-aircraft missile system HQ-16

26



The Chinese approach to the creation of modern military equipment is widely known. Not being able to make any combat vehicle or system on its own, China turns to other countries with the goal of acquiring and copying the necessary equipment or initiating the start of a joint project. The results of one of such joint projects, in which Russia acted as a partner of China, appeared in the troops at the beginning of the last decade. Since then, the new HQ-16 anti-aircraft missile system (HongQi-16 - “Red flag-16”) has added to the composition of several large anti-aircraft defense units.

As stated in some sources at the time of the first information about HQ-16, when creating this air defense system, China used Russian help. As a result, the Chinese-made missile system is a modified and seriously modified anti-aircraft system Buk-М1 or Buk-М2. It is noteworthy that some elements of the new ground-based anti-aircraft missile system HQ-16 were also used in the ship’s air defense systems. So, one of the first carrier ships of such an air defense missile system was the frigates of the 054 project, being built from the middle of the two thousandth. For some reason, China first equipped its ships with new anti-aircraft missiles and only then completed the construction of the ground version of this complex.

All combat vehicles of the HQ-16 complex are mounted on the same six-wheel all-wheel drive car chassis. The complex includes a combat vehicle with a launcher for missiles and two vehicles with radar detection and guidance. To ensure the interaction of machines of the complex there is a separate command post. In addition, transport-charging machines, trucks, etc. are required to complete the operation of the anti-aircraft battery. auxiliary equipment.



A three-way radar complex with a passive phased antenna array can find targets at a distance of up to 140 kilometers and at altitudes up to 20. Radar electronics is able to simultaneously find up to 144 targets and accompany 48 of them. The radar of illumination and guidance placed on a separate machine provides guidance for missiles at a distance of up to 85 kilometers and, using its own equipment, can “see” six targets and take four of them to accompany. In this case, the illumination station can simultaneously work with eight missiles.

A combat vehicle with a launcher, which is part of the HQ-16 complex, carries a lifting structure with mounts for six missile transport and launch containers. The combat vehicle is equipped with its own hardware compartment, located just behind the cabin. The container lifting unit, in turn, is located at the rear of the machine. The purpose of the complex HQ-16 - anti-aircraft defense of stationary objects - allowed the use of the stabilization system of the machine during launch. In a combat position, she stands on outriggers.


Anti-aircraft missile system HQ-16


The HQ-16 anti-aircraft complex uses a joint Russian-Chinese development missile, which is a further development of, presumably, 9X38 munition from the Buk air defense system. During the update significantly increased the capabilities of the rocket. Thus, the maximum launch range increased to 40 kilometers. The maximum flight altitude of the target has not changed. In this case, these figures are valid only for the attack of aircraft. If the HQ-16 ADMS is forced to fire a cruise missile, then the maximum strike range is significantly reduced and amounts to 10-12 kilometers. The stated probability of hitting a target with a missile such as an aircraft is 85%. For cruise missiles, this figure is 60%.

Anti-aircraft guided missile complex HQ-16 equipped with a combined guidance system. So, during the first moments of the flight, after exiting the transport and launch container, the rocket is controlled by an inertial system. The task of the latter is to bring the rocket to the right direction. Next, a semi-active radar homing head is activated, which leads the missile to the target, receiving a reflected radio signal. The target light is provided by a separate radar. According to reports, the HQ-16 air defense missile system should simultaneously launch no more than two rockets. This is due to the fact that for four cars with a launcher in the anti-aircraft battery, there is only one radar for illumination and targeting.



According to some sources, the delivery of HQ-16 anti-aircraft missile systems to the Chinese army began in the middle of the last decade, but only a few years later became widespread. In the structure of the echelon air defense of China, the new air defense missile systems occupy a tactical niche between the HQ-7 short range and HQ-9 long range complexes. With the joint operation of all three anti-aircraft complexes, a reliable echeloned cover of objects within a radius of several tens of kilometers is ensured. Since 2011, China has offered to purchase the export version of the HQ-16 SAM system, called the LY-80.


On the materials of the sites:
http://armyrecognition.com/
http://vpk.name/
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/
http://china-defense.blogspot.ru/
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  1. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 3 July 2013 08: 13 New
    +6
    For China, such a system is not bad at all, that’s why it would have been perfectly fine to think with your own mind!
    1. Canep
      Canep 3 July 2013 08: 27 New
      +4
      In 5-10 years they will do it themselves, remember what China was like 20 years ago.
      1. Geisenberg
        Geisenberg 3 July 2013 11: 13 New
        +4
        Quote: Canep
        In 5-10 years they will do it themselves, remember what China was like 20 years ago.


        About 200 years later. After 20, they will probably do what we have now. After 20, it will be a button accordion.
        1. Akim
          Akim 3 July 2013 14: 13 New
          +6
          Quote: Geisenberg
          About 200 years later. After 20, they will probably do what we have now.

          Speaking of 20 years ...
    2. Airman
      Airman 3 July 2013 11: 00 New
      +1
      Quote: tronin.maxim
      For China, such a system is not bad at all, that’s why it would have been perfectly fine to think with your own mind!

      Judging by the figures, there is only one radar in the battery, and target illumination stations are located on each launcher, and the 9M317 missile is purely BUK-M1-2, it is not clear why the characteristics are underestimated. The Chinese crossed a donkey (BEECH) with a horse (S-300) and got a horn, worse than a donkey.
    3. sub307
      sub307 3 July 2013 11: 00 New
      -1
      In China, they say - they invented gunpowder, and everything else is derived from gunpowder.
      1. Ross
        Ross 3 July 2013 14: 07 New
        +1
        Quote: sub307
        In China, they say - they invented gunpowder, and everything else is derived from gunpowder.


        There is already archaeological evidence that both Jurcheni and not the Chinese came up with gunpowder and paper. The habit of rubbing everything with them from the Middle Ages and earlier.
        1. Denb
          Denb 3 July 2013 16: 10 New
          0
          And who are the Jurchen? You know? And the word Chinese, from what people came from the Russian language? And what ethnic group do you mean by the word Chinese?
          This is tantamount to saying that something was invented in Kievan Rus, but this does not apply to Muscovy!
          1. Ross
            Ross 3 July 2013 17: 04 New
            0
            Quote: DeNB
            And who are the Jurchen? You know? And the word Chinese, from what people came from the Russian language? And what ethnic group do you mean by the word Chinese?
            This is tantamount to saying that something was invented in Kievan Rus, but this does not apply to Muscovy!

            I know. Not the Mongoloids, but the Indo-Europeans. Just because their Han people assimilated does not mean that they are their ancestors.
    4. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 3 July 2013 11: 12 New
      0
      Quote: tronin.maxim
      For China, such a system is not bad at all, that’s why it would have been perfectly fine to think with your own mind!


      Yes, like all Chinese, it’s good in parts, but it works hard together ... simultaneously launching only 2 rockets :). Apparently they will achieve quality by quantity.
  2. Tatar
    Tatar 3 July 2013 08: 26 New
    -3
    the layout of the Russian air defense system Vityaz is too much this Chinese complex resembles. whether the Chinese have already begun to learn ???
    http://www.militaryparitet.com/ttp/data/ic_ttp/5958/
    1. Greyfox
      Greyfox 3 July 2013 08: 56 New
      +2
      Appearance is not an indicator. The Su-27 resembled the F-15, but these are completely different cars. SAM "Vityaz" and HQ-16 machines of different classes.
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 3 July 2013 09: 37 New
        +1
        Quote: Greyfox
        SAM "Vityaz" and HQ-16 cars of different classes.

        You are mistaken, medium-range air defense systems, both of them, at least Vityaz was originally conceived as such. Only now, the HQ-16 has long been in the arsenal of air defense and the navy, and the missile for the Vityaz 9M96 does not want to fly, despite the fact that it has been tormenting it since the mid-90s, the S-400 (for which it was originally conceived) for six years as adopted, but things are still there ...
        1. Greyfox
          Greyfox 3 July 2013 10: 28 New
          +2
          About the average range is true, only the HQ-16 has some very average-40km (although there is no reliable information on the technical characteristics of Chinese technology, as I understand it). Vityaz has two types of missiles - 9М100-range up to 40km (a package of 12 containers on the launcher is apparently them) and 9М96. What is its range - X knows it, usually they give data for export 9М96Е-120 km. So the HQ-16 is not that average. What they could not bring is true and very sorry. But judging by the fact that they posted the photo work, they are going to the finals.
          1. PLO
            PLO 3 July 2013 14: 38 New
            0
            ro the average range is true, only the HQ-16 has some very average 40km (although there is no reliable information on the technical characteristics of Chinese technology, as I understand it). Vityaz has two types of missiles-9M100-range up to 40km (a package of 12 containers on the PU is apparently they) and 9M96.

            Not certainly in that way
            Vityaz has 2 types of missiles
            9M96 at ~ 50km
            9M96M at ~ 150km
            these rockets have been flying great for a long time

            and there is also a 9M100 rocket with a range of ~ 15km, which has not yet been seen in iron

            HQ-16 is rather an analog of our sea calm
            1. Nayhas
              Nayhas 3 July 2013 18: 23 New
              0
              Well, yes they fly, they just don’t get there, and when they start to hit, they will be accepted into service. Therefore, they plan to take Vityaz into service with 48N6E missiles from the Favorite ...
              PS: 9M100 is a somewhat mythical missile which was supposed to be based on the RVV-AE, but judging by the fact that everything is quiet on it, it was abandoned for a long time ...
              PPS: HQ-16 is a Buk almost one to one ...
              1. PLO
                PLO 3 July 2013 18: 51 New
                +1
                hmm .. I see you continue to burn napalm giving out one pearl after another

                Well, yes they fly, they just don’t get there, and when they start to hit, they will be accepted into service.

                fly as it should, fall as it should. I launched the video repeatedly. As part of the S-300PM2, these missiles fly perfectly


                all your stories about the fact that they don’t fall apply only to the Furke-Redut air defense missile complex on corvettes 20380, where the Furke radar and the concept of guidance itself cannot provide them with normal control centers.

                Therefore, they plan to take Vityaz into service with 48N6E missiles from the Favorite ...

                and this pearl is clearly from the series about a small radar lol
                here it is: PU Vityaz air defense missile system with 9M96 / 9M96M missiles


                here is the S-300PM2 / 400 missile launcher with 48N6 missiles and 9M96 / 9M96M missiles


                here's a control comparison of the sizes of these missiles


                only he can argue that Vityaz will fire 48N6 missiles, the size of the launcher doesn’t allow it to be done, and besides, it makes no sense to make the S-400 clone.

                PS: 9M100 is a somewhat mythical missile which was supposed to be based on the RVV-AE, but judging by the fact that everything is quiet on it, it was abandoned for a long time ...

                9M100 is just not a mythical rocket, they are working on it, but they really say it will be ready no earlier than 2015
                9M100 and RVV-SAM are completely different missiles
                9M100 has an infrared seeker and is being developed from scratch
                RVV-SAM is a project of an anti-aircraft missile based on the R-77 and has ARLGSN

                how did the pearls end today?

                PPS: HQ-16 is a Buk almost one to one ...

                Well, taking into account the fact that the HQ-16 has a vertical start, and the Beech is inclined, it is more likely, as I said, the Calm analog
                1. bddrus
                  bddrus 3 July 2013 19: 04 New
                  0
                  so in s-300 could they put 4x4 in 9m96? the hero then inferior to such an option by the number of missiles
                  1. PLO
                    PLO 3 July 2013 19: 24 New
                    0
                    so in s-300 could they put 4x4 in 9m96? the hero then inferior to such an option by the number of missiles

                    exactly
                    therefore personally Vityaz’s concept is not entirely clear to me
                2. Nayhas
                  Nayhas 4 July 2013 17: 04 New
                  0
                  It was not worth diluting so much water, indicate the date of acceptance of 9M96 into service and all issues will be removed. Until ZUR is adopted all opuses about the fact that it flies and gets no more than opuses.
                  P.S .:
                  Quote: olp
                  Well, taking into account the fact that the HQ-16 has a vertical start, and the Beech is inclined, it is more likely, as I said, the Calm analog

                  what's the difference if the same missiles 9M317?
                  1. PLO
                    PLO 4 July 2013 19: 51 New
                    0
                    It was not worth diluting so much water, indicate the date of acceptance of 9M96 into service and all issues will be removed. Until ZUR is adopted all opuses about the fact that it flies and gets no more than opuses.

                    ha .. you leave such excuses for children
                    I don’t have such information, just like yours.

                    in any case, first provide scans from the documents on the Furke-Redut test, about their results and conclusions, before telling you that something is not flying.
                    then we'll talk about documentary evidence.

                    well, if you don’t have anything like that, then at least do not say stupid things with a smart look, the right word is ridiculous.
          2. Nayhas
            Nayhas 3 July 2013 18: 36 New
            0
            Quote: Greyfox
            About the average range is true, only the HQ-16 is some kind of very average-40km

            Because this is the Chinese version of Buka, it has a 40 km missile system. and fly, which was always medium range.
            Quote: Greyfox
            Vityaz has two types of missiles-9M100-range up to 40km (a package of 12 containers on the PU is apparently they) and 9M96.

            The Vityaz air defense missile system should be equipped with 9M96E short-range and 9M96E2 medium-range missiles, they differ in length, but they have the same guidance system, ARLGSN. Those. in fact, the rocket is single, but in two lengths.
    2. Denb
      Denb 3 July 2013 10: 55 New
      0
      It is said so - ... Russia became a partner of China !!! hi
      1. Airman
        Airman 3 July 2013 11: 06 New
        0
        Quote: DeNB
        It is said so - ... Russia became a partner of China !!! hi

        They could not copy the BEECH, so they had to “develop” the complex without major alterations, only modifying it.
    3. Russ69
      Russ69 3 July 2013 10: 58 New
      0
      Quote: Tatar
      the layout of the Russian air defense system Vityaz is too much this Chinese complex resembles. whether the Chinese have already begun to learn ???

      It will be more correct, the layout with the C300 is stubbed.
    4. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 3 July 2013 11: 14 New
      0
      Quote: Tatar
      the layout of the Russian air defense system Vityaz is too much this Chinese complex resembles. whether the Chinese have already begun to learn ???


      laughing still say copied!

      hi
    5. Nitup
      Nitup 3 July 2013 12: 07 New
      0
      So what? And the layout of this Chinese complex is very similar to the S-300. Question: which system appeared earlier?
  3. Roll
    Roll 3 July 2013 09: 59 New
    -1
    9 wassat That is what it means when armaments are not handled by efficient shopkeepers, but by professionals. The fact that the Chinese are not inventing enough of their own is not a problem, now they have invented so much in the world that there is nothing to steam, but they are meticulously copying, perfecting and quickly introducing them into the mass series, this approach is better than ours, they invent we’ve started a bunch of everything, and we’ve been launching it in a mass series for years. And, what’s good, China is complex to the defense. Ng-9, ng 7, ng 16 and the laocin cannon complex at the final stage, overcoming such a screen.
    1. Mairos
      Mairos 3 July 2013 10: 43 New
      0
      "And, what good is China comprehensively approaching defense .." - who cares?
      1. Roll
        Roll 3 July 2013 11: 21 New
        -1
        wassat We better anti-aircraft guns than tanks.
      2. Kavtorang
        Kavtorang 3 July 2013 14: 39 New
        +2
        Quote: Mairos
        "And, what good is China comprehensively approaching defense .." - who cares?

        Well, not for us tutochki in Primorye. The rate of military growth in China frankly scares me. From 2007 to 2012, the legends of the Pacific Fleet exercises changed a lot.
        Let's see what they bring out of the ships for joint exercises. If there is a "Liaoning" - I generally get drunk with grief.
        I’m talking about this: observing from the office windows today, frankly speaking, far from perfect condition and not at all ice maneuvering of the Varyag GRKR in the Golden Horn and looking at the same pirouettes and the even more miserable state of the Irtysh GS .. .
        I immediately remembered the dashing maneuvers in the Golden Horn of the Chinese, well, you won’t throw a word out of the song (I understand that they will now overshadow me) - jewelry maneuvering and the perfect state of Amerov’s “Berkov” (the last one was on May 9).
  4. bddrus
    bddrus 3 July 2013 18: 51 New
    0
    that Buk-3 surfaced
  5. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 3 July 2013 20: 19 New
    +4
    I think that in 7-10 years, China will be unattainable neither economically nor militarily, and today's heehanks and underestimation of the Chinese will still come back to “many neighbors” ...
  6. basil200
    basil200 4 July 2013 05: 59 New
    +1
    Soon, his Yeltsin will appear in China and there will be an end.
    1. ziqzaq
      ziqzaq 12 September 2013 09: 35 New
      +1
      Quote: basil200
      In China, Yeltsin will appear and there will be an end.

      First, the Chinese humpback ...
  7. AVDOTYAKARLOVNA
    AVDOTYAKARLOVNA 4 July 2013 13: 38 New
    -2
    On the s-300 there are 4 missiles, and here 6 ... ..... why ours cannot increase the ammunition ???????
  8. mirag2
    mirag2 5 July 2013 00: 58 New
    0
    Yes, friends, partnership and joint exercises with China are not cheap for us! Isn’t it? But the Americans began to withdraw their production from China, now China should cooperate with us for smaller preferences.