Military Review

"The blank hit the tank"

It was two years ago

"In the Surovikino district center of the Volgograd region, the T-34-76 tank was raised from the bottom of the Good River, the crew of which died heroically during the liberation of the city from German forces in December 1942.

According to experts, a combat vehicle manufactured by Nizhny Tagilsky tank the factory in September 1942, presumably, is one of ten legendary tanks that carried out the breakthrough of enemy forces in Surovikino on December 46, 49 as part of the first company of the 12th tank regiment of the 1942th mechanized brigade.

“It was one of the outstanding episodes of the Battle of Stalingrad,” said Mikhail Kudinov, director of the Volgograd Regional Center for Patriotic and Search Work, told - These tanks broke into Surovikino and without the cover of the infantry, which was cut off from them, fought an hour-long battle in the area of ​​the cannery. Before these combat vehicles were destroyed by the enemy, they managed to destroy about 400 Nazi soldiers with fire and tracks. "

A tank in the Good River was discovered during a search expedition in December 2010. The members of the expedition - representatives of the Volgograd Regional Center for Patriotic and Search Work, members of the Search organization and the Horizont consolidated group of divers, decided to lift the tank before spring. As the search engines explain, it was even easier in the conditions of the frozen river than in the warm season. In addition, they wanted to coincide with this event on February 2 - another anniversary of the victory of the Soviet troops at Stalingrad.

According to the participants of the expedition, the operation to raise the tank was a difficult task and took about a week.

“About two years ago, some private collectors tried to pull out a tank, but it didn't work out,” said Dmitry Kufenko, head of the organization “Search”, told - These guys laid out around the tank a well of sandbags, prepared the shore, but for some reason did not complete the job. Whether finances ran out, or lost interest. Our combined search party coped with this task with the help of the BRM tank tractor, which was provided by the leadership of the 20 Motorized Rifle Brigade stationed in Volgograd. Another technique was much more difficult to do. Divers worked in the water for a whole week at air temperatures down to minus 15 degrees. Well done, they did it, and the car we raised now will certainly take a place in the exposition of some of the museums. ”

“The tank was at the water’s edge; under the silt was about 60-70 centimeters of its hull,” said Alexander Gusarov, deputy head of the regional search and rescue base in the Volgograd region. - When he was hooked and dragged to the shore, the cables rang like guitar strings. Each of us literally everything stood in his chest: a tractor, my dear, do not let me down! The tank crashed into the shore, dug into it, had to call the excavator, dig it. In general, they pulled out long and hard. They very much wanted to find the so-called “mortal medallion”, but, unfortunately, it did not work out. We have an assumption that the found remains belong to the radio operator. Nevertheless, there is a chance to restore the names of tankers by engine number and factory number of the tank. ”

At the tank lifted from the river, the tower and the stern bronelist are completely absent. In addition, he has at least three holes from artillery shells, which were fired at a combat vehicle with direct fire at close range. The rest of the armored colossus is pretty well preserved: the engine is broken, but is in place, the tracks and the wheels are intact. The cause of the death of the tank and its crew was the explosion of ammunition. Found the remains of one of the crew members, whose name along with the names of his comrades search engines intend to establish when working with archives.

In the museum-reserve "Battle of Stalingrad" meanwhile showed genuine interest in the potential exhibit.

“One of the tasks of the museum is to replenish the collection, therefore, it would be an official crime on our part to allow this tank to go somewhere to the side,” admitted, director of the museum-panorama “The Battle of Stalingrad” Alexei Vasin. - Especially since we do not have a single armored vehicle unit that would participate in hostilities. Presented in the exhibition in front of the museum-panorama two tanks T-34-85 were released in 1946 year. They have completely different tools.

The problem with this tank is that it does not have a tower, so it will have to be restored. We are in close contact with our colleagues from the Don Museum, they have an unbroken tank tower. It is possible that there are similar towers in the Volgograd region, we are still clarifying this information. At the moment we are preparing a package of documents for appeal to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation with a request to give us this tank. If everything is in order, after the machine is restored, we will include it in the main exhibition. We need to gradually get rid of the "newcomers", replacing them with real "combat" exhibits.

My photo gallery of this tank also belongs to that time:

"The blank hit the tank"
The impact of the fatal "blanks" fell into the starboard side, just above the rink behind the gunner-radio operator's seat - exactly into the ammunition.

The explosion of BK tore down the tower, the suspension screens and Lobovyk cracked like glass

Tanks and the engine almost did not touch, only the top sheet broke.

45mm frontal armor cracked like glass, tore the bow beam, and the mechvod hatch and knocked out, despite the closed zadrayka.

It is terrible to watch and understand that there were real people in the flames of this hellfire. Our grandfathers.

Source of information:
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  1. Canep
    Canep 3 July 2013 10: 14
    The crew most likely drove a burning tank to the bottom of the river, there was an explosion of ammunition. The memory of the tankers is bright.
    1. Taoist
      3 July 2013 13: 21
      There was no fire. Rubber is preserved on the control handles, the wiring is intact, there are no traces of soot. Most likely, when the tank was on the ice of the river, the hit caused an explosion of the BC and the ice was broken by it and the tank immediately went to the bottom. It was shrouded in silt and kept. The commander and gunner in the tower was apparently swept into molecules, but the remains of the driver and gunner-radio operator remained in their combat places.
      1. Canep
        Canep 3 July 2013 17: 09
        You are right it was winter.
  2. pensioner
    pensioner 3 July 2013 10: 35
    Yes ... Well done guys. And Simonov’s poems are very out of place.
  3. Igarr
    Igarr 3 July 2013 10: 36
    And as you can imagine, the boys were inside the tank - it’s terrible.
    The victorious warriors ... dead at age 20.
    Eternal glory to our people!
  4. waisson
    waisson 3 July 2013 10: 48
    HAIFISCH 3 July 2013 10: 52
    Everlasting memory.
  6. ded10041948
    ded10041948 3 July 2013 11: 19
    If it is possible to restore the car at least geometrically, there is no better monument to imagine! Eternal glory and memory to all the defenders of the motherland!
    1. Taoist
      3 July 2013 13: 24
      Unfortunately (or maybe not) they did not restore the car. It was painted to protect it from corrosion and placed on the site at the entrance to the Battle of Stalingrad Panorama Museum. You can see her there today.
      1. Poppy
        Poppy 11 July 2013 10: 43
        I think this is the right decision
    2. Andrey Skokovsky
      Andrey Skokovsky 17 July 2013 00: 34
      Quote: ded10041948
      If it is possible to restore the car at least geometrically, there is no better monument to imagine! Eternal glory and memory to all the defenders of the motherland!

      I think it should be left as is, made as a monument at the site of his last battle

      all the same, this is a piece of real history, why erase it
  7. LION
    LION 3 July 2013 13: 19
    The museum director wants to restore this tank, but how he succeeds is not clear. Meanwhile, in our Volgograd there are two T34-76 on pedestals. The tank (Chelyabinsk collective farmer) has a stamped tower and non-rubberized rollers (apparently the beginning of 1942 or the end of 1941), the other (at the entrance of the Tractor Plant) has a cast tower (nut) and rollers in rubber (1943). Here their would recover! We still climbed the first tank with our children. There were still leverage. By years of release, I could be wrong.
    1. Igarr
      Igarr 3 July 2013 13: 34
      So, as far as I know - non-rubber rollers - this is the Stalingrad machine assembly.
      And why is it called "Chelyabinsk collective farmer"?
      With rubberized rollers - yes, the Urals.
      1. Taoist
        3 July 2013 13: 52
        Tank T-34 "Chelyabinsk collective farmer"

        Location: northwest of the Mamaev Kurgan (near the railway).
        The combat vehicle was installed at the junction of the troops of two armies - the 21 and 62, which divided the German forces encircled in Stalingrad into two parts.
        The T-34 tank was built in the Urals at the expense of the collective farmers of the Chelyabinsk region. The tank column was transferred to staff the 1942 tank brigade formed in 121.
        Tank No. 18 was in the advanced battle formations of the advancing troops of the 21 Army and was the first to designate a breakthrough of enemy defenses.
        In 1944, when the tank used its combat capabilities, the command of the tank brigade, which received the name Guards during the Battle of Stalingrad, transferred the tank to the city for installation as a monument.
        The tank crew brigade welded two steel plates with the texts:
        "Tank T-34-18" Chelyabinsk collective farmer "of the 121-th tank brigade, now the 27-th guards, commanded by Colonel Nevzhinsky.
        Com Tank Kanunnikov
        Fur. driver makurin
        Com Kolmogorov towers
        Radio operator Semenov. "
        “Here 26.01.1943 in 10.00 there was a meeting of this tank, coming from the west ahead of the tank brigade of Colonel Nevzhinsky, with units of the 62-th army, defending Stalingrad from the east. The combination of the 121-th tank brigade with the units of the 62-th army divided the enemy German group into two parts and contributed to its destruction. The complete elimination of German troops near Stalingrad occurred 02.02.1943 g. "

        As for the rollers, rollers at different time periods at different plants were manufactured both with internal and external depreciation. (It all depended on the supply). Therefore, often even on the same machine, rubberized rollers and rollers without bandages were found nearby. In addition, the rollers tend to wear out and be replaced during the operation of the tank. It is difficult to say exactly which rollers will be obtained in spare parts. So the manufacturer does not have to reliably establish a factory on the rinks.
      2. LION
        LION 3 July 2013 15: 35
        Machines of the Stalingrad assembly had a welded tower. They (towers) are located around the city, as the line of defense of the Soviet troops passed.
  8. crasever
    crasever 7 July 2013 20: 02
    "Thirty-four" is a real masterpiece that could only have appeared from a Russian weapon genius ... Many thanks to the guys and the military for the hard work - we will not give our Victory to the jackals !!!
  9. agent
    agent 10 July 2013 11: 32
    I saw this tank in Volgograd, it stands next to the Museum "Panorama of the Battle of Stalingrad" painted green. Especially on vacation I went to Volgograd to visit Mamayev Kurgan and museums. Eternal memory to the defenders of the Fatherland !!!!
  10. Lavr75
    Lavr75 15 July 2013 23: 21
    Interesting, and who minus what moral, or they are already here!
    1. Hort
      Hort 19 July 2013 12: 33
      also curious, who didn’t like that in this article? Or is it so pure
  11. vip.da78
    vip.da78 31 July 2013 02: 48
    Blessed memory of the dead!