Comrade Defense Minister! Dear members of the college!
In order to implement the tasks defined by the decrees of the President of the Russian Federation in May 2012, a plan of activities of the Ministry of Defense for the period up to 2020 was developed.
The plan covers all areas of development of the Armed Forces, from maintaining the combat readiness of troops to increasing the attractiveness of military service.
All events are planned by year and supported by financial calculations. Supplies of weapons and military equipment according to the State Armaments Program up to 2020 are interrelated with preparing the infrastructure for its deployment, training specialists for operation, creating a fund of service housing and arranging military camps.
Currently, the manning of the Armed Forces is 80 percent.
By the end of the year, it was planned to bring it to 82 percent, and next year - to 95 — 100 percent.
Last year, explosive ordnance disposal was discontinued. This made it possible to free up and dispatch more than 14 thousands of servicemen to combat brigades.
Due to the transfer of the liberated military camps to local authorities, by December of this year 5 more thousand soldiers and sergeants will be brought in to guard them.
But the main way to increase staffing is to increase the number of contract servicemen.
We have been assigned the task of having 2017 thousands of contract servicemen in the Armed Forces 425 by year. To complete this task, you need to recruit them at least 50 thousand annually. At the same time, the share of contract soldiers of the total number of soldiers and sergeants will increase to 59 percent.
This year, it was planned to recruit 5 brigades with contract soldiers, including four motorized rifle and one air assault, 1 regiment and 14 special forces, 27 airborne battalions, 7 marine battalions.
Fulfillment of the next year’s plan will make it possible to transfer all remaining special forces (23 detachments), marine infantry battalions (17 battalions), 90 percent of high-tech equipment operation specialists and 100 percent of non-commissioned officers to the Armed Forces.
Armament and military equipment
The most important task before 2020 of the year is the further equipping of the Armed Forces with perspective and modern weapons, the deliveries of which are planned by the State Armaments Program.
The plan envisages to increase the equipment of the Armed Forces with modern equipment in 2015 to 30 percent, and in 2020 to 70 — 100 percent.
Priorities are the Strategic Nuclear Forces, the Aerospace Defense Forces, communications, reconnaissance, EW, control, and high-precision weapons.
To achieve the established parameters, annual deliveries from 70 to 100 aircraft, more than 120 helicopters, 8 — 9 surface ships and submarines, and up to 600 units of armored vehicles were planned.
With 2016, the mass delivery of advanced weapons and equipment to the troops will begin.
To do this, in 2015, the development of a new tank, an infantry fighting vehicle and an armored fighting vehicle, in 2016 - a promising aircraft complex, S-500 anti-aircraft missile system and corvette, in 2018 - a new generation destroyer.
Work on their creation is being carried out now without interruption.
Along with the supply of new provides for the modernization of existing weapons. Until 2020, thousands of modernized weapons and military equipment will be supplied to the troops over 2,5, which in their basic characteristics will not be inferior to modern models.
In total, by the 2020, more advanced 400 formations and military units will be re-equipped with advanced and modern weapons, military and special equipment.
In addition, the plan provides for improving the serviceability of existing equipment.
By 2016, it will be brought up to 85 percent in the Ground Forces, up to 80 percent in the Air Force, and in the Naval navy - up to 78 percent. By 2020, the operational capability of the Navy’s armament will be up to 85 percent.
For the first time since this year, contracts are signed with industrial enterprises for the entire life cycle of mass-supplied weapons.
For the new weapons, the construction of airfields, positioning areas of the Strategic Missile Forces, naval bases and other infrastructure has been planned and painted over the years, all around 100 objects. Their commissioning is foreseen several months before the arrival of the equipment.
Each unit and military unit will be staffed in advance by officers, warrant officers and junior specialists who have been trained in the operation and combat use of this equipment.
By 2016, 316 is planned to be built, and by 2020, all 495 military camps will be built. Over 3 thousands of various objects are supposed to be built on their territory. These are barracks, parks of combat vehicles, canteens, as well as educational, sports and domestic facilities.
At the same time, the liberated military camps and objects will be transferred to local authorities. Most of this work is planned for the current year. Complete transfer of facilities is provided for completion in 2017.
The plan provides for the improvement and modernization of the combat training base.
Within five years, it is planned to create in each military district one inter-service training center, the formation of modern mountain, land and sea aviation polygons. Equip more than 700 formations and military units with modern technical training aids.
The loading of polygons will be increased to 250 days a year and 18 hours per day.
The implementation of these measures will significantly improve the quality of combat training of troops and raise the indicators of combat skills (airborne raids, crew surfacing, practical driving mileage) to the level of the armed forces of leading foreign countries, and even higher in some indicators.
A number of measures have been planned for the development of the military-scientific complex.
The creation of new research organizations, modeling centers, innovative developments and other scientific structures will ensure the further development of the theory of armed struggle, the forms and methods of using the Armed Forces, and ways to improve weapons and military equipment.
This will be facilitated by the formation this year of four scientific companies from among the most trained students and graduates who will be able to develop their knowledge and skills by participating in scientific research and research in the interests of defense.
In the future, the number of such units will be determined on the basis of the established practice of their activities and the volume of relevant research tasks.
As part of the improvement of the military education system, the plan provides for the further development of the network of military schools.
By the decision of the Minister of Defense, all specialized higher educational institutions were reassigned to the commander-in-chief of the types and commander of the branches of the armed forces.
Planned equipping universities with modern material and technical base, weapons and simulators.
Taking into account the scale of the Armed Forces construction activities, the dates for the arrival of modern high-tech equipment to the troops, the formation of new formations this year will be increased and the number of cadets and students will be:
VAGSH - 70 people;
in species academies - 790 people;
In military schools and institutes - over 15,5 thousands of people.
In subsequent years, enrollment in universities was planned based on the needs of the troops and the prospects for the development of the Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Defense will continue to pay close attention to improving the system of pre-university education.
Suvorov and Nakhimov military schools will be developed. The network of presidential cadet schools will expand. Before 2016, five more cadet corps will open in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. At the same time, one in Tyumen is already this year.
Housing and Social Security
The plan provides for consistent measures to create decent conditions for military service.
Already this year, all the barracks will be equipped with showers, tea rooms, washing machines installed. The translation of canteens with a capacity of more than 150 people for catering with elements of a buffet was organized.
By the year 2015 it is planned to fully switch to a new field uniform, which will begin to arrive in the troops this year.
In order to increase the attractiveness of military service for soldiers and sergeants serving on conscription, benefits will be provided for their preferential admission to universities, grants for training in Russian and foreign business schools, as well as preferences for admission to the civil service.
Particular attention is paid in the plan to improving the social status of military personnel, military retirees and their families.
By the end of this year, all military personnel who were in line for January 1 and 2012 will be provided with permanent housing.
During this and next year, the 19,8 apartments will be received by thousands of military personnel (8 thousand in 2013 year and 11,8 thousand in 2014 year) who joined the queue after this deadline.
Since 2014, the transition to one-time cash payments to provide permanent housing for military personnel is provided.
For contract servicemen, an extension of the service housing fund has been planned.
Social support for military retirees is planned to provide an annual increase in their pensions by at least 2 percent over the inflation rate.
The plan provides for measures to improve the quality and availability of medical and sanatorium-resort provision. Planned construction and reconstruction of more 150 medical institutions and providing them with modern medical equipment.
For the troops, 91 is purchased mobile medical complex, of which this year - 3, and in the future - annually on 10 — 15 sets.
Patriotic education and sport
The plan identifies measures for the patriotic education of servicemen and pre-conscription youth.
To popularize military service and increase its prestige, a significant place is given to cultural events. Among them are already popular international military music festivals "Spasskaya Tower" and "Amur Waves", the All-Russian festival of folk art "Katyusha" and many others.
It is planned to hold annually Olympics of the Ministry of Defense of Russia between the Suvorov military schools and cadet corps, to develop military-applied sports among pre-conscription youth.
For open and constructive engagement with civil society, this year it is planned to publish a White Paper on the Armed Forces.
As the Minister of Defense determined in his opening remarks, based on the Action Plan of the Ministry of Defense for the period up to 2020, similar plans should be developed in all structures of the Ministry of Defense up to and including the brigade and regiment.
The implementation of planned measures to recruit and equip the Armed Forces with modern weapons, to master them, train personnel, increase combat skills, and social security of military personnel will allow the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to become one of the leading armies of the leading countries of the world.
Immediately after the end of the Collegium of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, the deputy heads of the military department, Yury Borisov and Ruslan TSALIKOV, met with journalists and gave explanations on some issues on the agenda of the completed event.
As Deputy Defense Minister Ruslan Tsalikov emphasized, the approval of the Ministry of Defense’s action plan for the period up to 2020 is extremely important, since this plan represents the obligations of the federal executive body, which is the Ministry of Defense, to citizens of the country in covering their activities ( in which this is possible with respect to compliance with the law on state secrets). In this regard, on the instructions of the Minister of Defense General of the Army Sergei Shoigu, the Ministry of Defense website www.mil.ru presents an open part of the plan.
In addition, the board also considered other key issues, including the recruitment of the Armed Forces with military personnel serving under contract for positions of private and non-commissioned officers.
“Today, the main task for the Armed Forces is the unconditional fulfillment of the instructions of the Supreme Commander, which are reflected in the May decrees of last year,” said Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov.
The aforementioned plan contains, inter alia, measures for the rearmament of the army and navy. The implementation of this large-scale task will be more systematic. The meeting was not just about the timing of the delivery of weapons and military equipment, but about a complex problem, that even before receiving the equipment in the troops, it was necessary to carry out all the necessary preparatory activities related to the preparation of the relevant infrastructure.
- The Minister of Defense instructed that all work on the construction of special infrastructure should be completed several months before receiving the equipment, - said Yuri Borisov.
The issue of training was also discussed, since only those familiar with it, people trained in it, will be able to competently exploit the new equipment.
Speaking about the developed weapons and equipment that will go to the Armed Forces during the implementation of the State Armaments Program before 2020, Yuri Borisov noted that these samples will not at least be inferior to Western models in their integral characteristics, and sometimes even exceed them. Otherwise there is no point in developing them. For example, the new tank that is being built in Russia, Yuri Borisov said, will surpass all existing tanks in foreign armies and all tanks developed abroad, which are known in the Russian Ministry of Defense, in their combat capabilities.
“The same applies to promising aviation complexes and other types of weapons,” he added.
Answering the Red Star's question about whether GWG-2020 will not sequester and state defense orders because of the slowdown in the Russian economy and repeated statements by the Government of the Russian Federation about the need to optimize budget expenditure items, Yury Borisov has unequivocally stated that sequestering is not planned.
- This is the position of the Supreme Commander, - said Yuri Borisov. At the same time, optimization, which provides for a temporary shift in the performance of certain works, is possible. A number of events in the amount of 100 billion rubles can be transferred over 2016 a year. If the production of a particular type of weapons and military equipment is not possible within a certain time frame, this does not mean that the Ministry of Defense will refuse it. The deadlines for the execution of this order will be transferred to the right. In those cases, when the industry can, on the contrary, produce some types of weapons and military equipment in the required quantity more quickly (of course, not at the expense of quality), the deadlines for the execution of works will be shifted to the left.
One of the most important sections of the plan is the provision of social guarantees for servicemen, and above all the solution to the housing problem. Responding to a question about the introduction of payments for the purchase of housing, Deputy Minister of Defense Ruslan Tsalikov said that the Ministry of Defense sets itself the task of fulfilling the obligations of the state to the military to provide housing. However, in the form in which it is being resolved now (moreover, much has been done and has already been done - in three years more than 130 thousands of servicemen have been provided with housing), this cannot be done.
“Therefore, we are fulfilling the president’s decision to provide apartments for all military personnel who were in line for January 1 of the year 2012,” he noted.
However, the provision of housing in kind does not bring the desired result, neither the state nor the military. Money is spent, houses are being built, but apartments in them are empty because the servicemen do not want to receive these apartments (they are not satisfied with the place of residence, the size of the living space does not fit, etc.).
“We believe that this can be overcome by declaring, for example, next year the main form of solving the housing problem is the payment of a lump-sum reward,” said Ruslan Tsalikov, stressing that his sum should allow the soldier to buy a house where he wants.
Of course, in Moscow it will be housing a smaller area, in another city - more.
In order for this housing system to work, it is necessary to amend the legislation of Russia, they are developed in the Ministry of Defense, and the military department is doing everything in its power to ensure that this procedure for providing military personnel with housing has been put into practice since January 1 of 2014. At the same time, the apartments that will remain after the waiting list, who took the queue at 1 in January 2012, will also be offered to servicemen who are entitled to receive a single cash reward for the purchase of housing. That is, they will have a choice.