BakuToday: How relevant for Belarus are the problems discussed by the public in Poland and Ukraine after the Polish parliamentarians adopted the Volyn Massacre?
AKovtsy with Bandera have long begun to share the skins of the “unkilled bear” - the legacy of the Belarusian partisans. For a long time in Belarus, the broad masses did not suspect who, where and how was preparing a radical re-evaluation of history - only specialists who had the opportunity to personally visit Poland and Ukraine, meet with experts, read the local press, etc. were in the know. Today in Belarus there is great public resonance in the demonization of Soviet partisans and the heroization of their opponents, although this is a long-passed stage for, for example, Ukraine and Lithuania.
No matter how crazy it may sound, however, in Belarus they are beginning to glorify the political life and subvert the partisans. Of course, we need new heroes, and they are being prepared for the appearance. So far, the truth is finding out - who is more "heroic" - AKovtsy or OUN.
There are also Lithuanian Forest Brothers. The Lithuanian Gestapo - Saugam - actively cooperated with Nazi counterparts not only against Soviet partisans, but also against AKovtsev. By the way, during the war all this svolot, mainly used in the siege of the SS, in the dirtiest actions against the peaceful population, really heroically fought only among themselves. A lot of journalistic works have been written about the squabbling of Polish formations with Bandera, who have left memory in Belarusian villages, a lot of thematic broadcasts on radio and television have been created, although basic research based on archival documents and recollections of eyewitnesses is still not enough. Therefore, we can recall the truly brilliant operations of the AK against the Nazi-trained Lithuanian nationalist formations - General Plekhavichus and others, who quantified the Poles quantitatively and in terms of weapons, in the spring of the 1944 in the so-called Kovno Lithuania. The Germans, convinced of the combat readiness of the Lithuanian wards in clashes not with unarmed peasants, but with armed force, after that did not hide their contempt for those who had been tamed: they stripped them into linen and forced an improvised “parade” to be held in such Oshmyany. Lithuanian participants carried symbolic brooms instead of sabers.
REGNUM: To what extent are the assurances of the Belarusian officials that the established approaches to the assessment of the lessons of the Great Patriotic War will not be audited, justified?
Revisionism in Belarus is practiced not only by marginal journalists, but by government officials. By the anniversary of the 200 anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812 in Belarus, the term “Patriotic War” has already been removed from the official historiography. It was abandoned in many state departments - the Academy of Sciences, the National Bank, the ministries of culture, justice, education, etc. For the year, the authorities of Belarus organized only one scientific event to the anniversary date - the international conference 23-24 in November at the BSU, where it was again stated that the war was not Patriotic and the Belarusians did not participate in the partisan struggle, and there was no partisan struggle during the Napoleonic invasion. . At the same time, representatives of the authorities and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus, along with the ambassadors of the European Union countries, took an active part in honoring Napoleonists who died on the Berezina, mourning together and making such statements as if the Belarusian people suffered irreparable loss of Napoleon’s aggressors and their oaths that changed them.
Rejecting the domestic nature of the 1812 war of the year has far-reaching goals and consequences. This is a kind of run-in revision of historical memory. The next step is to revise the attitude towards the Great Patriotic War. By analogy with the 1812 war of the year declared "Russian-French", they are preparing to present it as "Russian-German." Whitewash the policemen in the same way, presenting them as the “Belarusian” side of the conflict, shifting the responsibility for the genocide of the Belarusians from the fascist punishers and their lackeys to the “bloody Stalinist partisans”. Well and, accordingly, a holy place, which is never empty, must be taken by new heroes - "rebels from Polish or Ukrainian nationalists."
The history of the Patriotic Wars in modern Belarus is in correspondence with the Bolshevik frenzy and collaborative meanness. The local loud-voiced post-perestroika foam sometimes manages to outdo even the odious Valeria Novodvorskaya with her May Day statements to Ekho Moskvy in the spirit: "We did not win this war. We were overwhelmed by Stalin and his troops, Stalin and the NKVD." Provincial writers, such as Vladimir Orlov, in the 1990-e printed in state publications, led by presidential contender Vladimir Neklyaev (presidential candidate of Belarus during the 2010 campaign of the year - approx. IA REGNUM), laudatory odes to the Soviet, fascist toadies and burgomaster-organizers mass genocide of the Belarusian and Jewish population, today "at public meetings" declare that "Belarusians should continue the fight against Muscovites." 12 of June, on the Day of Russia, the Minsk City Court satisfied the claim of the Minsk City Executive Committee and decided to liquidate the oldest and one of the largest organizations of Russian compatriots in Belarus - the Minsk Society of Russian Culture "Rus". Shortly before that, in the Belarusian State University, one of the initiators of deleting the term "Patriotic War" from the Belarusian historical memory in the presence of Russian diplomatic officers was presented with a Russian public award dedicated to the Patriotic War.
REGNUM: How long has revisionism become the norm in Belarus?
The open attack on the historical memory of the Belarusians, using the Baltic and Western Ukrainian developments, did not start today. On the eve of the 65 anniversary of the victory, the books of I.Kopyla "Nebishino. War" and V.Hursika "The Crop and sang Drazhna" were propagandized. The bottom line: the war against the Belarusians began on September 1, 1939, with an attack by the USSR and Germany on Poland. The fascists quickly banished the cowardly Red Army and treated Belarusians very well - they built schools, etc. Quote: "The Germans did not swear at us, they looked at us with interest and began to treat us with chocolate, which we also saw for the first time. I was less militant, I was at the tail and I did not get any chocolate. It was a shame that tears appeared in my eyes. Seeing this, one the German pulled a harmonica from his pocket and gave it to me. " And then the “bloody Stalinist hebnya” intervened - it began to send disguised saboteurs who bombarded the Germans and caused punitive expeditions against civilians. The guerrillas in the "author's interpretation" - drunk and sadists, who were afraid of the Germans and who were engaged in writing their own exploits. The main blame for organizing the massacres of the Belarusian population lies with the Kremlin and the Central Headquarters of the partisan movement.
REGNUM: Who can voice the same in the republic, which has lost every fourth resident in the war?
It is now officially announced that during the Great Patriotic War, every third inhabitant of the BSSR perished. Along with the increase in the number of dead, more and more publicists appear, turning the interpretation of this tragedy on its head. The most heated "debaters" of the Belarusian partisans from the 1990-x in the Republic of Belarus are the Taras family - in Soviet times, such writers made themselves "name" on the chanting of Belarusian partisans, including during the First World War, which was named before 1917, the Second World War, - books like "Mikolka-Steam Engine", and now they have declared this war "moskalsko-German". The recently deceased elder brother Valentin, in Soviet times, was distinguished by special super-ideality even among local writers, taking a prominent place among them thanks to the lines “Stalin is alive and Stalin’s people will listen to Stalin’s Central Committee for many centuries!”. At the beginning of 90's, Valentin Efimovich Taras sent his son Vitaly to work on Radio Liberty and riveted an 4-serial documentary “After Victory” spinning on Belarusian state channels, acting as a lead-over. It turned out that in the conditions of the fascist occupation, the Belarusians lived a "normal and normal" life; among the invaders there were many "good lads" who entertained the girls with lip harmonics and fed the children with chocolates. Occupants cared about Belarusians - they organized schools, orphanages and boarding schools, where they fed twice a day with marmalade. But the partisans were not so good ... Which, however, did not prevent 13-year-old Vale Taras, who had tasted German marmalade, according to his confession, to escape to these same partisans and sit out with them until the liberation of Belarus in the detachment "For the Soviet Motherland". In 1950, the young Taras made a swift career in the main party newspaper of the BSSR. Thanks to the fiery lines about the "immortal genius of Stalin" and the perennial reproaches of fellow students from the BSU journalism department - they say, while you kept the suckers for the skirts, we - the Soviet partisans - crushed the enemy and shed blood for you.
Today, his younger brother, the publisher of the relevant "revealing" partisans of literature, Anatoly Efimovich Taras, states in numerous interviews that the guerrillas "mainly engaged in self-sufficiency, the population robbed and fought with their own, having destroyed more of their fellow citizens than the Nazis in 5-7 ... robbed the population and the population resisted as best they could. But the Germans couldn’t do this, it could only be done by the Bolsheviks ... For those who believe that in the history of the partisan movement there is something worthy of pride or admiration. Alas, there was nothing of the kind there. side of the war ... We showed that the guerrillas in many cases were no better than the invaders. What the guerrillas did the least was fighting, the damage they inflicted on the fascist invaders, their allies and supporters was simply insignificant ... sometimes they fought enemy, but above all - with his people th. "
REGNUM: How do the authorities react to this?
The Belarusian authorities have adopted far from the best of the Soviet past, not wanting to point out problems in an emphasis and trying to report only on victories and achievements, including in matters of historical memory. In words, the war seems to be a lot of official trumpeting in order to give more weight to its “Belarusian aspect”. Say, it was the Belarusians who defeated Hitler, driving him to suicide, etc. The state propaganda agency is trying to nationalize the legacy of the Victory (in the spirit - while you were hiding behind skirts there, we are “rotten in trenches”), having appropriated the status of the main savior not only of Moscow and the USSR, but also of Europe and the whole world.
So much attention is paid to the war that adolescent girls, coming to the memorial rally dedicated to the 70 anniversary of the tragedy of 628 Belarusian villages, burned together with residents of SS punitive and policemen, confidently say to journalists that they came to ... "Khatyn festival" arrange photo shootings with grimaces on the monuments to the victims of fascism - on freshly laid flowers and the inscriptions “Glory to the fallen heroes” and post photos in social networks ... It is not difficult to find such photos or blog entries on the Internet. All this speaks of the work carried out by republican and local authorities with the participation of veterans, who are becoming less and less with each passing year.
The Belarusian authorities abandoned the 9 parade in May (officially this tradition was interrupted by the president several years ago and moved to Independence Day in July), the names of the heroes of the partisan movement disappear in Orsha or Lev Dovator in Belarussian cities in Sharkovshchina. In parallel with the "deposition" of the Soviet partisans, on which they lay the main blame for the deaths of people and whose movement was allegedly brought from outside by Stalin and the NKVD, the imperceptible heroization of the "true inner Belarusian" partisans - the Polish AKOVtsev and Ukrainian OUN members - is going on. Those under the command of "German lads" who treated with chocolate and harmonica with a local bastard burned people sick with typhus in the villages, fed the shepherd children, destroying Belarusian villages in total 5.482. The electronic database of the Belarusian villages burned by the Nazis is published on the website of the National Archives of Belarus.
REGNUM news agency: Is the “party of power” - “Belaya Rus” silent? Silent pensioner-veteran and other youth organizations and numerous research and government agencies?
No longer silent. At the end of March, at the initiative of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus, a remarkable round table was held by the leadership of this institute "BNR as a national form of Belarusian statehood". To make it clear to the Russian reader: at the state level, the shield is openly raised:
A) the “Belarusian People’s Republic” (BNR) proclaimed under the conditions of the German occupation, whose presidents addressed memorandums of support to Kaiser Wilhelm (1918) and Adolf Hitler (1939),
B) Fascist henchmen, declared the “initiators and main persons of the Belarusian national movement”, such as destroyed by fascist accomplice Vaclav Ivanovsky (brother of Jozseff Pilsudski’s associate) in 1943, who in the 1920 years provided the “academicism” of the popularization of the population. who collaborated with the special services of the Nazis, pre-war Poland and the Home Army.
This is equivalent to the rejection of state ideology and the course, which Alexander Lukashenko followed for a decade and a half. Those who do this, working under the wing of the Presidential Administration of the Republic of Belarus, threaten the results of the national referendum, the sovereignty and symbolism of Belarus. It all started "innocently" - with revision 1812 of the year. BNR resuscitation is the next step, meaning that everything was different from the 1918 year. Including the 1939 events of the year: if they were not Reunion, then the starting point of the current Belarusian statehood and territorial integrity disappears. If the Soviet partisans are "bad guys", then the war was not the Great Patriotic War, and its real heroes are AKovtsy, OUNovtsy and Nazi dregs like Ivanovsky.
REGNUM: How and why can this happen on the Belarusian land?
Nothing fundamentally new is happening. An explanation of the motivation of the skirmishers of innovative-revisionist theories can be found in Fyodor Dostoevsky's novel “Demons”, where he, reflecting on “troubled times”, writes: “Meanwhile, the meanest little people got an advantage, and began to loudly criticize everything sacred, then before the mouth they didn’t open, but the first people, who had been holding the upper hand until then, suddenly began to listen to them, but to keep quiet; others were teasing them in the most disgraceful manner. "
Belarusian society is going through hard times: economic upheavals, social, spiritual crisis, etc. In this situation, as usual, an environment appears in which they feel at ease, as Dostoevsky, “scum” and their “advanced” noted in The Possessed. They see each other from afar, hundreds of kilometers for them is not a distance. Soon, Neobanderovtsy will hold a festival "Bandershtat" in Lutsk - invited their brothers in mind from Belarus. At the same time, in Warsaw, other local natives will be discussing with Belarusians, representatives of either Belarus, or Litvinov, or Poles, with neoAAK members.
After a very short time, if more attention is paid to the “Belarusian question” in the West, we will get a situation similar to that in Western Ukraine with all the ensuing consequences. A joint alternative to this scenario can be offered by representatives of the public and the state. However, on the part of officials is not observed understanding of what is happening.