Military Review

Language and politics. Russian language space is shrinking from year to year.

38
Language and politics. Russian language space is shrinking from year to year.On the Day of the Russian Language, the State Duma Committee on Education, the State Duma Committee on the Affairs of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Relations with Compatriots and the Russkiy Mir Foundation held a round table on the topic “Legislative Support for the Development of the Russian Language in the Modern Information Space”. The meeting was chaired by the Chairman of the Education Committee, President of the Russian World Foundation, Professor V.A. Nikonov.


Over one hundred representatives of the domestic and foreign cultural communities took part in the round table. It is important that on this day in the Duma gathered like-minded people, people for whom the fate of our national heritage, our "great and mighty" language is not indifferent. Of course, different voices sounded - both minor and major, but they all merged, figuratively speaking, into a single symphony: it is necessary to preserve and preserve the Russian language, today it is our main national task.

Welcoming the audience, Professor V.A. Nikonov noted that the Day of the Russian language is not accidentally celebrated on the birthday of A.S. Pushkin. It was Pushkin who created the literary language we speak. “The genius of Pushkin and now inspires us to preserve the Russian language in our country and abroad. Today we see: a huge number of people are interested in ensuring legislative development of the Russian language, including in the modern information space, ”said V.A. Nikonov.

Co-chairman of the meeting, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on CIS Affairs and Relations with Compatriots V.S. Nikitin, in turn, recalled that the Russian language is one of the six official languages ​​of the UN and ranks fourth in the world in prevalence. At the same time, the existing trends indicate a reduction in the space of the Russian language, which cannot but cause concern, since we may well slip into ninth place in the world.

In the CIS, the status of "state" Russian language is given only in Belarus, the status of "official" - only in Kyrgyzstan. In state institutions and local governments of Kazakhstan, along with the Kazakh state language, Russian is officially used.
That's all we have for today. And in Russia itself, the position of the Russian language is defined only in three laws.

Last year, the State Duma adopted two resolutions: the first, concerning the Day of the Russian Language, prepared by the Education Committee, and the second “On measures to expand Russia's humanitarian influence in anticipation of the creation of the Eurasian Union”, prepared by the CIS Affairs Committee. In 2013, unfortunately, the Day of the Russian language was not included in many calendars, therefore members of the Communist Party faction and the Committee on CIS Affairs proposed to include this memorable day in the Federal Law "On Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia."

Vs Nikitin informed the audience that, on his initiative, the movement "Russian mode" was created, the main task of which was to awaken the national identity, and therefore the protection of the Russian language. 6 June in the theater of the Russian army was the celebration of the Day of the Russian language, organized by the forces of public associations. In turn, the Russian World Foundation in the days of Pushkin spent 50 order of various cultural events in different parts of the world.

Without in any way detracting from the cultural aspect, it should be noted that the narrowing of the Russian language space at the present time represents, above all, a political problem. The destruction of the USSR caused a serious blow to the positions of the Russian language, the number of its speakers over the past 20 years has decreased, and the influence of the Russian Federation on the world stage has weakened. And only the return of the whole authority of Russia in world politics can restore respect and arouse interest in the study of the Russian language and Russian culture.

Today, probably, they intensively study the Russian language only in China, there are also days of the Russian language; Many Chinese students come to study and internships at Moscow University and other universities of our country.
In 2006, the Russian Language Week in Italy was very successful with the active participation of teachers from Moscow and St. Petersburg universities. All this is good, but I would like such holidays to be held primarily in the fraternal Slavic countries. It is gratifying that literally the other day the Serbian authorities declared their readiness to expand the study of the Russian language. Russian-Serbian ties are lost in the depths of the centuries. Academic study of the Russian language in this country began exactly 135 years ago (1878), when Professor P.A. Kulakovsky (whose 100 anniversary of his death falls on 2013) took the chair of the Russian language and literature at the Great School of Belgrade. But even then politics intervened: the Berlin Congress dealt a severe blow to the Russian influence in Serbia and affected the teaching of Slavic studies. At present, it seems, the trade, economic and cultural ties of the Russian Federation and Serbia are being revived. Our countries are preparing quite a lot of joint educational and cultural projects. K.I. Kosachev, the head of Rossotrudnichestvo, together with the chairman of the Council of the Federation Committee on Social Policy, V. Ryazantsev, was on a visit to Belgrade these days. He said that the Serbian government is ready to contribute to the spread of the Russian language in the country and open specialized schools for this. I would like the authorities of Poland and the Czech Republic to join such initiatives.

On the other hand, in Russia itself, at present, despite the wide celebration of the last 20th anniversary of the Day of Slavic writing and culture, there has been a decline in interest in the study of Slavic languages, Slavic studies seem to be "out of fashion." And here we should already show the oncoming movement - to intensify the study of Slavic languages ​​and cultures in our secondary and higher schools. Today at Moscow University, perhaps, only a philological and historical faculties preserve Slavic departments; in other faculties of Moscow State University, the study of Slavic languages ​​proceeds with a creak, even if students show a desire to know those. For example, now at the Faculty of World Politics there is a small group of the Serbian language, which was formed solely on the initiative of students, but its fate is still vague - the faculty leadership does not show enthusiasm for the study of Slavic languages. There is a clear contradiction: on the one hand, the Russian authorities are establishing relations with the Slavic countries, and on the other, we are unable to provide this cooperation with relevant specialists. But still in the XIX century. outstanding Russian scientist academician V.I. Lamansky, in particular, wrote: “In general, the study of the Slavic world and the awakening of Slavic self-consciousness in Russian society will strengthen and collect the scattered Russian thought and flabby will, focus our scattered public consciousness, teach us to cure not overseas to expect our ulcers and shortcomings, to expect "salvation is not alien, to seek and find it not outside of us, but in ourselves, in our own improvement, in the comprehensive development of our internal forces, in the upliftment of the national spirit, in the freedom and revitalization of national labor."

And it seems that we should return to the fruitful thoughts of Russian and Slavic scholars of the past, to the proposal on the adoption of Russian as the language of inter-Slavic cultural, diplomatic communication, and not the language of English, as we see it today.

Of course, this initiative will significantly strengthen and expand the position of the Russian language in Europe.

The deputy director of the International Department of the Ministry of Education and Science in the dissemination of the study of the Russian language abroad told about the activities Director of the Department B.V. Glands. He recalled that at present there are only four Russian Slavic universities in the CIS countries - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia and Belarus, and there is a Russian school in Turkmenistan. Olympiads, contests, festivals are held, summer camps of the Russian language for foreign schoolchildren are organized. The Ministry makes, of course, efforts to spread knowledge about Russian culture in the world, however, the measures taken, of course, are not enough to increase the coverage of Russian language learning and teaching in Russian in the CIS countries and other countries.

The head of the Russian language support department at Rossotrudnichestvo, E.M., also spoke about the expansion of the scale of studying Russian in the world. Sheikhs. He, in particular, reported that Rossotrudnichestvo in 2012 was organized and conducted in 61 country, including all CIS countries, 48 complex diverse events, also aimed at popularizing the Russian language in the world, the support of foreign teachers, teachers of Russian language and literature. We carried out the supply of educational, scientific, reference materials to 71 country. But the main problem, in his opinion, is still insufficient funding for the organization.

Professor Nikonov, who moderated the meeting, commented on the speech of Sheikhov: “Of course, the efforts of Rossotrudnichestvo are very significant. At the same time ... if the Russian language is not in the national education system, then no efforts of any organizations with any funding will save. This is indeed a largely political issue. And if in a particular country the Russian language is part of the education system, then in this case it really lives and develops. If not, then the chances of preserving it are, of course, very, very small. ” It is difficult to disagree with this remark.

Many participants have not bypassed the problems of teaching Russian in school. Director of the Institute of Linguistics of the RSUH, M.A. Krongauz spoke, in particular, about the inadmissibility of merging the Russian language and literature into a single course (as is now done in schools), since these are absolutely independent and self-sufficient disciplines. In addition, he expressed the idea of ​​creating new Russian textbooks.

The emotional interest of the audience was caused by the emotional performance of the President of the Faculty of Regional Studies and Foreign Languages ​​of Moscow State University, Professor S.G. Ter-Minasova, which touched the social role of the Russian language in modern Russia. In her opinion, the market economy and, accordingly, the market lifestyle has changed the social role of language. That is, the role of language as an instrument of knowledge, thinking has gone to the background. And on the front - this is the market task. Blurred and loosened norms at all levels of the language. And, as you know, it is precisely the shaking of the norm that has the most powerful stylistic effect. Together with the norms of language, the norms of culture and behavior in society are shaken.

But the worst thing is that a weakening language forms a weakening nation accordingly ...

Many speakers spoke about the moral side of the language problem, noting that the purity of the language does not always depend on legislative initiatives. About this, in particular, spoke deacon Roman Bogdasarov, deputy. Chairman of the Synodal Department for Relations between the Church and Society. The tendency to swearing, for example, can be eradicated only when a person himself realizes that he is causing damage not only to others, but, above all, to his soul and the Russian language he needs not to bargain in the market, but to to be a complete person ...

It was said at the “round table” about the use of new modern technologies for the spread of the Russian language in the world. LL told the audience about distance learning of a language widely included in world practice. Levin, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technologies and Communications. Thanks to the Internet, foreigners can now be taught not only in Russia, it has become possible to make it out of Russia. And we have such distance learning centers for the Russian language, including at Moscow State University.

V.A. Nikonov noted that the Russian language this year made a rapid breakthrough and was the second in the Internet space. But is this the language that we would like to see there?

In connection with this, the question was immediately raised about the need for censorship in our Internet space, namely language censorship: it’s time to stop with the so-called Olban language, it is possible that the use of this Volapük is precisely a serious cause of the illiteracy of our youth ...

The rector of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, V.I. Nifadyev. At one time (1993), it was he who put a lot of effort into the creation of this university. Teaching at the university is exclusively in Russian. Just his teachers made a lot of efforts to make the Russian language official in Kyrgyzstan. The experience of using textbooks of the Russian Federation in Kyrgyzstan is also curious. The textbooks of the Russian Federation are being taken (with the permission of the publishing house “Enlightenment”), the university staff contribute to them the national component, and already in this form they are issued for Kyrgyz schools. "September 20 2012 V.V. Putin and our president said in a joint statement that this is the best university in Central Asia, ”said the rector, not without pride. The university has been publishing the Russian Word magazine, for the last two years independently, but the start of the project was given by the Russian World Foundation.

It is well known that culture can be promoted in various ways. This was once again reminded by the executive secretary of the Pushkin Section of the Writers' Union of Russia I.P. Novoselov, who reported that in recent years, 17 monuments to Pushkin and one Chekhov, including 15, were installed abroad. This is very important, since on such memorable days there are always literary readings near these monuments. And for example, in Belgrade, in Serbia, when the monument to Pushkin was erected, there was a press conference, and the Serbs all repeated as one: the fact that you brought us Pushkin as a gift - this indicates that Russia has finally turned its face to Serbia.

The Russian World Foundation provides invaluable assistance in spreading Russian culture in the world: it already has 82 Russian centers in universities, libraries of the world and more 130 classrooms. True, the president of the Foundation, Professor Nikonov, noted that this is only a drop in the ocean, however, we note that the drop is very weighty. Incidentally, the leaders of the Russian centers from Bulgaria, Poland and Armenia took part in the meeting of the round table.

G.N. Chamonin, head of the Russian Center of the Varna Free University. Chernorizets Khrabra reported that the center was opened in 2009 and since then has been building up, and very successfully, its strength. She stressed that the Russian World Foundation is very helpful in strengthening cultural ties between Russia and Bulgaria. Russianists abroad have long expected systemic support at the state level and received it in the person of the Russian World Foundation, because Russian cultural information centers do exist, but they were created in the capitals of states. However, in other cities there are also large universities that study the Russian language.

She cited curious figures: if in 2009 Russian, from 12 foreign languages ​​that are offered to students at the University of Varna, I chose only 21 people, then in 2013 only in the first year the number of learners of Russian was 178 students.
In the whole university, more than 500 students study Russian, moreover, this is not a philological university. The social outcome of the Russian Center is over 21 thousands of visitors. The center has an international qualification school for young Russianists. The Russian center in Varna has big plans for the future, including, of course, the creation of new textbooks, and the development of distance learning of the Russian language ... "I really believe," Professor Chamonin concluded in conclusion that our graduates will have that golden the key, which is said by the poet’s words: “I have a key to all sciences, / I am familiar with the whole universe - / This is because I speak Russian / all-encompassing language” (Semen Danilov, national poet of Yakutia).

The Russian Center of the Krakow Pedagogical University at the meeting was represented by the teacher Mazhen Ples. She said that the center was opened in 2009 and during 45 months of its existence 212 events were held: “Our center has become like a kind of magnet that attracts not only student Krakow, but also Poles of different ages and professions who sincerely They are interested in the Russian language and want to discover Russian culture. ” The center cooperates with St. Petersburg University. Polish students also travel to Bulgaria and take part in language courses in Moscow. The Russkiy Mir Foundation provided the Russian Center in Krakow with excellent equipment and books. Among the numerous activities of the center, the speaker particularly singled out the first international festival “Friends, our union is wonderful.” “It was a real holiday of the youth of the world, a holiday of the Russian language. More than 300 teachers and students from around the world, from twenty countries, came to us, ”said M. Ples.

The first Russian center of the Russian World Foundation was opened in February 2009 in Armenia, at Yerevan State University. A.S. told about his work. Nersesyan, head of the center. Speaking about the situation of Russian studies in Armenia, she noted with regret that the situation had deteriorated significantly compared with the Soviet period. Young people already have a poor command of the Russian language, at schools 2 is given only an hour a week, which is certainly not enough, and at the university Russian is taught only in the first year. And yet, over the past 4 of the year, thousands of people have visited the Russian Center 72, and these are not only students, but also schoolchildren, and children of preschool age, and Russian-language teachers. Armenian scientists, school principals, and students themselves are interested in expanding cultural cooperation with Russia.

Speech by the writer V.N. Krupina, alas, was filled with bitterness: “... the state indulges the lower feelings: bread and circuses ... And we have no higher feelings in honor. These are feelings of awe, sacrifice, these feelings are not brought up ... Therefore, of course, literature does not work either. ”

The writer noted that we neglect our national wealth, while “the whole world comes to us to study our legends, legends, epic stories, fairy tales, the greatest amount of gold we walk on, and we do not use it ...”.

Of course, the problems associated with the use of profanity in the media and the notorious USE were not overlooked. O. Smolin, the first deputy chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education, also raised these questions in his speech. By the way, he made a rather, perhaps, productive proposal on the voluntary refusal of journalists from profanity and abundance of foreign words, since, in his words, “voluntary commitment is always better than coercion.”

It was also said about the proposal of Professor Nikonov to return the essay to the Russian school. The question really has matured, and these are not empty words. Now we see that schoolchildren have almost stopped reading (psychology is simple: there is no examination in literature, which means that it is not necessary to read). After all, they do not understand that by leaving Russian classical literature behind them, they simply rob themselves. One involuntarily recalls the covenant to the young generation N.V. Gogol: “Take with you on the road, going out from the soft youthful years to severe hardening courage, take all human movements with you, do not leave them on the road, do not lift them later”. And Russian literature teaches this very “human movement”.

The fact that our education system deliberately, purposefully kills the Russian language, generally Russian literature, Russian literature and all culture, was anxiously spoken by the priest of the church of St. Nicholas in Khamovniki Alexander Shumsky.
He noted that such an exam is “a criminal, anti-national some thing.”

Professor V.Yu. Troitsky, Chief Researcher IMLI them. Gorky, Russian Academy of Sciences, among the reasons for the difficult situation of the Russian language, besides a lack of understanding by senior officials of all ranks and an extraordinary orientation to Western experience, also called “insufficient sense of duty and conscience”. He noted that there is an information and psychological war, in connection with which he proposed to introduce legislative means to protect the information environment.

“We must remember,” V.Yu. Troitsky, - the culture of speech is the first condition for the protection of human freedom of speech ... So, the task of the destroyers is to reject the established norms by nature. This is the most damage to literary speech, which slows down and distorts correct thinking, the ability of clear understanding, leads to false perception and understanding of the world, and hinders the mental and spiritual development of the personality. This all problem is not private, but quite strategic, and connected with our task to contribute to all that, on the one hand, noted in the recommendations, and, on the other hand, was told by my colleagues. ”

The draft document “Recommendations of the participants of the round table on the topic“ Legislative support for the development of the Russian language in the modern information space ”” states the following: “Presumably, by 2025, the number of people who know Russian in various countries of the world will be reduced to approximately 152 millions of people ... including the number of people who speak Russian in the Russian Federation can amount to no more than 110 million people ...

Significant changes in the geopolitical situation in the last two decades ... have affected the language situation in many countries and the status of the Russian language outside the Russian Federation. Currently, there is a decrease in the level of proficiency in Russian as the state language of the Russian Federation, especially among the younger generation, a narrowing of its functioning as a means of interethnic communication, distortion of the norms of the Russian literary language in the speeches of politicians, civil servants and cultural workers, radio, television Excessive fascination with foreign phraseologisms, vulgarisms not only litters his native language, but also shatters the foundations of language culture. Unfortunately, the mass media play a negative role in these issues ... There is a great lack of educational and scientific programs in literature, culture and language ... The Russian Federation is still not doing enough work to restore the centers for learning the Russian language; the system of distance learning in the Russian language has not received proper development, modern information technologies are not used in real terms ... ”.

Alas, but these are all sad realities of our time. The reduction in the number of people who speak Russian outside of Russia was significantly promoted by the closure of Russian schools in the CIS countries.

And if you do not restore, at least partially, the system of learning the Russian language, the destruction of the CIS can occur fairly quickly.

As for the reduction in the number of speakers in Russian within the Russian Federation, there seems to be another serious problem that is being put forward - the demographic one; the number of Russian population is steadily declining. The introduction of a unified state examination in the Russian language, the abolition of the examination paper, both in schools and in universities, undoubtedly contribute to a decrease in the level of proficiency in Russian among the younger generation. This is a very serious question that cannot be simply blistered, but those in power must show a statist will and restore normal exams in middle and high schools.

In general, the draft document is serious, businesslike, constructive. Among the recommendations I would like to note the following: To the President of the Russian Federation, in view of the fact that 2014 is declared the Year of Culture, to declare 2015 the Year of Reading. The State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation - to improve federal legislation regarding the protection of the Russian language, including establishing strict penalties and penalties for using obscene language in public places ... The Government of the Russian Federation - to assess cultural and linguistic activities in various areas of communication, create Under the Government of the Russian Federation permanently operating Expert Council on the Russian language ... to the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation recreate the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian language, which would deal specifically problems related to the study and development of the Russian language in education; revise in a fundamental way the current system of teaching Russian in primary and basic schools with the return of the best traditions of the Soviet school; introduce in schools a mandatory final creative exam in Russian literature (essay) ... We add that such an exam should be introduced upon admission to all universities in the country. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation is to develop a network of Russian centers of science and culture abroad. To the mass media - to organize on all television channels regular programs on the theme “The Culture of Russian Speech” ...

Of course, this is only a small fragment of the document. And if at least half of the recommendations of the round table participants are implemented, especially in education and the media, we will soon get good results in preserving the national cultural heritage, and this is the key to preserving the security and self-sufficiency of our state.
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  1. Refund_SSSR
    Refund_SSSR 28 June 2013 06: 55
    +9
    Forget about super-sovereign and imperialist ambitions.
    What makes you think that the Russian language should be represented elsewhere than the Russian Federation? And on what rights?
    Personally, I’m more concerned that on the streets of my city, in supermarkets at the box office, in public transport, I often hear someone else’s speech than my native Russian - This is a problem!
    And you suddenly remembered Pushkin, in the age of which the world spoke French and the Russian elite, among other things ...
    Horror stories need to be written, but horror stories about REAL problems, and not about fictional and not elder ones.
    ________
    The CIS as such is a parade of vanity and deception ... And this parade of clowns has long existed only on paper and not on everyone.
    Each member of this CIS, only dreams of how to devour someone else's piece and at the same time give nothing in return.
    "Worse than a smart enemy, there can only be a clever friend" (C) This phrase is very appropriate for the CIS.
    1. krasin
      krasin 28 June 2013 07: 43
      +4
      to fundamentally review the current system of teaching the Russian language in primary and basic schools with the return of the best traditions of the Soviet school; to introduce a compulsory final creative exam in Russian literature (essay) in schools ... We add that such an exam should be introduced when entering all universities in the country. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation is to develop a network of Russian centers of science and culture abroad. To the mass media - to organize regular broadcasts on all television channels on the theme "Culture of Russian Speech" ...

      It's time! Young people do not understand what they are saying. It takes a long time to communicate in order to understand.
      Then we will be at YOU! wink
      1. Refund_SSSR
        Refund_SSSR 28 June 2013 08: 54
        -3
        Quote: krasin
        Young people do not understand what they are saying. It takes a long time to communicate in order to understand.
        Then we will be at YOU!

        This will never happen.
        Since ancient times, the previous generation did not understand the successor, at least in what language speak.
        1. smile
          smile 28 June 2013 14: 44
          +5
          Refund_SSSR
          Youth is a shortcoming that passes very quickly. :))) And since ancient times, young people as they grew older understood the older generation more and more and took up the baton. Continuity has not gone anywhere. God willing will not go anywhere.
          1. Refund_SSSR
            Refund_SSSR 30 June 2013 03: 42
            0
            How does this cancel what I said?
            Or do you think I don’t know that over time, young people change their positions in life?
            But the fact remains, young people never understood old age and old age young people and the statements of ancient thinkers regarding the youth of that time (9th and this is millennia ago) are very precisely suited to modern times.
            This is something that says yes.
        2. Uhe
          Uhe 29 June 2013 01: 32
          0
          You are mistaken. Of course, if you do not teach youth, then they will not understand you, and if you teach, then not only understanding will arise, but also the connection of generations.

          It is this connection between generations that they are now trying to destroy in the state. level, bringing up a new person in the Russian Federation - homo consumers, that is, they follow one well-known character from the Strugatskys' book "Vanity of Vanities", who raised a cadaver that burst out of his own greed - he burst himself, but managed to do something wrong. And the same thing happens to us.

          It is natural that the first blow is struck at the language, and it is not the grown-up youth who is being led to it. If you do not teach and set an example, then the enemies will achieve their goals. As in that song: "You don't need a knife for a fool / You will lie to him with three boxes / And do whatever you want with him." Do not be like this fool and teach others the same.
          1. Refund_SSSR
            Refund_SSSR 30 June 2013 03: 43
            0
            Read more.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. O_RUS
      O_RUS 28 June 2013 14: 23
      -1
      Quote: We refund_SSSR
      "Worse than a smart enemy, there can only be a clever friend" (C) This phrase is very appropriate for the CIS.


      The best way to recognize and destroy an enemy is to become his friend.
      Paulo Coelho
    3. smile
      smile 28 June 2013 14: 29
      +2
      Return_SSSR (2) SU

      Refusal of superpower ambitions, and therefore from activity in all spheres, including cultural, and if I may put it that way, linguistic means a transition to passive defensive tactics, loss of initiative, followed by isolation by external forces, collapse and agony ... this sequence confirmed by those rare cases when we abandoned "imperial ambitions" - the last example is the nineties ... we got rid of it, so we got rid of it ... we still can't wake up ... and the fact that you hear someone else's speech is a direct consequence of the refusal from ambition! Think, don't you? Therefore, I believe that we simply have no other choice - either imperial ambitions - or non-existence.

      We won’t argue about the CIS. you're almost right ... almost because. that all states on the planet are as you described. And they simply cannot be different in principle. Other things were possible only in a single state, when interests were common.
      1. Gari
        Gari 28 June 2013 17: 05
        +1
        Good day to all.
        four Russian Slavic universities in the CIS countries - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia and Belarus,
        In addition to the Slavic Russian-Armenian University in Armenia, there is still
        Yerevan branch of FSBEIHEI “Russian State University of Tourism and Service” (RGUTiS)
        Yerevan branch of Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics (MESI)
        Yerevan branch of the St. Petersburg Institute of Foreign Economic Relations, Economics and Law (IVESEP)
        Yerevan branch of the Academic International Institute
        Russian-Armenian Modern Humanitarian Institute
        Armenian Institute of Tourism - a branch of the Russian International Academy of Tourism
        Yerevan branch of Moscow Institute of Business and Law
        Next year, he is preparing to open a branch of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
        In addition to Russian schools, in all schools in-depth study of the Russian language from the first grade.
        1. Gari
          Gari 28 June 2013 17: 08
          0
          For more than 2 years, a representative office of Rossotrudnichestvo has been operating in Armenia - the Representative Office is located in one of the beautiful buildings in the center of the Armenian capital. The main activities of the Representative Office are:
          • familiarization of the Armenian public with the history and culture of the peoples of the Russian Federation, its domestic and foreign policies, scientific, cultural and economic potential;
          • development of cooperation in the field of education, international public, scientific and cultural dialogue;
          • promotion of the Russian language as a key to understanding Russia, Russian culture and the achievements of its science;
          • Strengthening relations with organizations of compatriots, graduates of Soviet and Russian universities, as well as with those non-governmental organizations that are interested in cooperation with Russia in the humanitarian sphere;
          • supporting regional cooperation between Russia and Armenia;
          Head of the Representative Advisor to the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Armenia Viktor Krivopuskov, a talented person and enjoys great prestige in Armenia
          From his interview: "Most of Armenian parents want their children to know Russian well"
    4. yak69
      yak69 28 June 2013 19: 09
      +3
      Quote: We refund_SSSR
      Forget about super-sovereign and imperialist ambitions.
      What makes you think that the Russian language should be represented elsewhere than the Russian Federation? And on what rights?

      A more shortsighted and wretched position cannot be invented !!
      Here is the real result of the very work of destruction, at the beginning of the USSR and now Russia!
      You are either a provocateur or an uneducated person who does not see further than your garden.
      Language is not just a means of communication, although this is a very important point. Language is, first of all, a cultural layer of consciousness of a certain type, it is mentality, it is a moral basis and traditions (in the broad sense of this concept). Language, performing a communicative function, establishes a process of mutual understanding between people of different levels of development and nations. This time. In the process of learning a language, a person penetrates deeper into the culture of the people, gets acquainted with the way of life and age-old traditions, comes to an understanding - "what is allowed and what is not" in the territory of native speakers. All these processes lead to the unification and convergence of positions and views on life. And if we take into account that the people still influence the government (and this is really so!), Then there is an increase in the number of supporters of Russia in the world as a whole. This strengthens our position and makes us just more powerful.
      You can talk a lot and in detail about the strength and impact of the language and the benefits that cultural and economic expansion has for Russia. There is much to say that Russia is simply doomed to be a leader, having such territory and wealth, otherwise Russia simply will not be — it will be devoured. And they will devour, not without the help of such provocateurs as you are !!
      I don’t understand one thing: what the hell are you hiding behind the avatars of "Let's Return the USSR" and behind the Soviet flag, while completely renouncing the ideology of the USSR and its goals ?! Here one, with a portrait of Che Guevara (a revolutionary internationalist), calls for the expulsion of visitors from the countries of the former USSR !!
      You gentlemen, just werewolves hiding behind the flags of the Soviet country and communist symbols!
      Remove the symbols of the Soviet country if you do not share its ideology. The USSR, as a state does not exist today, but its ideology lives on, grows stronger and is gaining more and more strength and those who today bear such nonsense, like
      Quote: We refund_SSSR
      Each member of this CIS, only dreams of how to devour someone else's piece and at the same time give nothing in return.

      cannot be patriots of their country! Such citizens, true liberals, sowing seeds of discord and hatred for those who inhabited a great country named USSR.
      You have already shown your true liberal face and it makes no sense for you to hide behind the Soviet flag and symbol! So, change your profile picture.
      1. yak69
        yak69 28 June 2013 19: 41
        +2
        And one more thing: I was just amazed at the number of pluses under the comments "Let's return the USSR". It turns out that there are a lot of those who support these provocations either deliberately or out of stupidity. And yet, this is an indicator that many are simply too lazy to think objectively and reasonably, and it is easier to follow the impulse of chauvinism, which is imposed by our media about rampant ethnic crime from the republics of the former USSR. According to statistics, only 20% of crimes were committed by emigrants, the remaining 80% are OUR CITIZENS, who come to work from all the outskirts of Russia. And I will note to everyone that, as a rule, those who do not need the fuck at home go to the capital! The master is in demand always and everywhere and everywhere has work and money, and he does not need to go to Moscow to earn money.
        I live next to the institute hostel and I see those who have come to work. In addition, at work, you have to check those who are involved in the army Gaster (the same "Slavyanka"). And I can say with knowledge of the matter that among the visitors from the Russian regions, these are mainly lyudyrs, dEbils, bukhariks and just scumbags, who are already in their homeland in prison. And there are very few normal workers among them.
        In addition, a real serious ethnic crime has Russian passports and has been living in Russia for a very long time. These are Georgians ("lavrushniki"), Abkhazians (purse operators, pickpockets), Azerbaijanis (drugs), Armenians (racketeering, large kidalovo). These all occupy the most serious positions in the criminal world of Russia. The rest, so, petty gopota and there are not very many of them.
        But, nevertheless, it is right to say that the offender does not have a nationality. And there are Dodas in any family.
  2. mogus
    mogus 28 June 2013 07: 43
    +4
    migrants from CA are imported with one hand, they are trying to protect the language with the other ...
    1. Ivan.
      Ivan. 28 June 2013 16: 25
      +1
      Quote: mogus
      migrants from CA are imported with one hand, they are trying to protect the language with the other ...

      Others, like us, are trying to protect the language. These are different hands.
    2. Uhe
      Uhe 29 June 2013 01: 38
      +1
      And they also said that the Russian people are not suitable for the tasks that they are trying to achieve, so the people must be replaced. They want to replace them with these same migrants, who will be led not by Russians, but by immigrants from other nations. How to communicate with migrants? And on what the rulers communicate with each other - in runglish. Therefore, those who bring migrants here and kill the Russian people do not protect the language, on the contrary, they create a new language "Runglish", the language of New Khazaria.
  3. Furnace driver
    Furnace driver 28 June 2013 08: 35
    +6
    “I have a key to all sciences, / I am familiar with the whole universe - / This is because I speak / of the Russian all-inclusive language” (Semyon Danilov, People's Poet of Yakutia).
    Wonderful wrote.
  4. SlavaS
    SlavaS 28 June 2013 08: 35
    +3
    So at the "Admiral Gorshkov", which is being completed in St. Petersburg, will be equipped with the latest Poliment-Rudut air defense system. Who invented the name ???
    1. Basileus
      Basileus 28 June 2013 09: 10
      +2
      I'm more interested in what is common between Polement and Redoubt))
    2. Furnace driver
      Furnace driver 28 June 2013 09: 18
      +1
      everything is correct: Poly from the popular name of the policemen are policemen (and they have a new form of some kind of fascism ... at least such a feeling from childhood has remained from watching old Soviet films about the war to this style in clothes), cop - well, actually , old folk name for valiant police.
      but with Rudut snag ?! Maybe Redoubt meant, or you don’t even know what to think of this word ...
  5. darksoul
    darksoul 28 June 2013 08: 50
    +2
    The great and mighty are crowding, on the one hand, the animals on their own ala ulu, on the other, their own imitate the Americans ... shopping, trend, ok and so on .... you must properly learn the first and second Russian ... and so on not far to complete trash
    1. Refund_SSSR
      Refund_SSSR 28 June 2013 08: 52
      +3
      Quote: darksoul
      , on the other, imitate their own Americans

      Quote: darksoul
      otherwise it’s not far to complete trash

      Did you try to start with yourself? lol
      1. smile
        smile 28 June 2013 14: 48
        +2
        darksoul
        What kind of "animals"? I believe that a person who uses such expressions in relation to other people himself degrades to an animal level.
  6. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 28 June 2013 09: 01
    +9
    First of all, we need the Russian language and literature ourselves.
    I will share my observations.
    The most ardent "patriots" of their country very often write with gross errors. And therefore they themselves do not know their culture. Who of them, say, read, delved into "War and Peace", "Quiet Don" ...? Reading works of Russian and Soviet classics is more difficult than Fantasy. Good literature is certainly not mathematics, but it makes you think. This is more difficult. By the way, they also more often come up with various accusations against representatives of other nations.
    We all swear, to a greater or lesser extent. Whether we like it or not, it is also part of our culture. You can understand when a mate is in a conflict situation, but in everyday life (and when communicating on the site) for me - the more mate in speech, the lower the intelligence. Mat has its own niche. This conclusion, including by itself.
    "The fact that our education system is deliberately, purposefully killing the Russian language, Russian literature in general, Russian literature and the whole culture was excitedly spoken by the priest of the St. Nicholas Church in Khamovniki, Alexander Shumsky." With this I completely agree. But the statement that new textbooks should be met with caution. There are many negative examples. Maybe, on the contrary, you need to return to the old?
    It is necessary to support our culture and language abroad. The more people who are interested in our culture, the more friends Russia will have. The truth is different. Both at the guest worker level and at the business level, there is interest.
    The time will come, I believe Russia will get stronger. Then the interest in our language will increase again abroad, and then to culture.
    1. FRIGATE2
      FRIGATE2 28 June 2013 20: 18
      +1
      Quote: There was a mammoth
      the more mate in speech, the lower the intelligence. Mat has its own niche. This conclusion, including by itself.

      Now it’s fashionable to still express jargons from RosSMI.
      I believe that mats need to be known, but also to be able to use mats for critical situations.
      Quote: There was a mammoth
      The time will come, I believe Russia will get stronger. Then again the interest in our language will increase abroad and then to culture

      Russia will certainly strengthen when Putin BB leaves power and Russia becomes a powerful economically, and not just military, state
  7. The gentleman
    The gentleman 28 June 2013 09: 16
    +4
    I never liked the round tables of philologists, philosophers. And where are the practices themselves? I just want to go over some points.
    1.books. new authors forgot how to write books, novels, short stories, novels. the content is scary because it uses street, everyday language. the spelling of words, a huge amount of the use of foreign words fade into the background.
    2. When was the last time a spelling dictionary was published? I have a book at home that was released back in Soviet times.
    3. Russian language is more studied by foreigners than by holders of the language itself.
    proposal
    1. create a program to deepen learning for the next 3-4 years (to attract teachers better).
    2. create an electronic database of dictionaries (by the type of linguo)
    1. FRIGATE2
      FRIGATE2 28 June 2013 20: 25
      +1
      Quote: Gentleman
      1.books. new authors forgot how to write books, novels, short stories, novels. the content is scary because it uses street, everyday language. the spelling of words, a huge amount of the use of foreign words fade into the background.

      Of all the countries of the former union, it was precisely in Russia that sharply in 1985-95 appeared left-wing academics, doctors of science who had nothing besides the title, but they sold plenty of scientific degrees. And now these people by advertising their books entered the literature market. You read such books and all illiteracy
  8. darksoul
    darksoul 28 June 2013 09: 23
    -3
    Quote: We refund_SSSR
    Did you try to start with yourself?


    I tried ... I der .. I don’t use this, but trash, unlike those who use it, I understand what it means ... hard rock is not melodic, I don’t like playing like that for me, it’s better and alice
    1. Basileus
      Basileus 28 June 2013 09: 57
      +3
      Thresh is "trash" in English. So this word means not only "hard rock", as you put it, but much more.
  9. MRomanovich
    MRomanovich 28 June 2013 10: 14
    +5
    Quote: We refund_SSSR
    Personally, I am more worried that on the streets of my city, in supermarkets at the box office, in public transport, I often hear someone else's speech than my native, Russian - This is the problem!

    the problem is not that the newcomers speak their own language, the main thing is that they would answer in Russian, but among themselves they have the right to speak any language. The problem is that in the media and even in everyday life, many words are replaced by bourgeois. Even anger sneaks up from the fact that a huge number of seemingly simple words have been replaced by foreign ones, mostly English. Even mature people, including many high-ranking people, use such words without shame. Wherever you look, everywhere the damned "weekend", "message" and other rubbish, even adopt overseas gestures, it is already disgusting. This is the PROBLEM!
    1. Uncle
      Uncle 28 June 2013 11: 28
      +5
      Quote: MRomanovich
      Everywhere you look, from everywhere damned "weekend", "message" and other rubbish

      That's for sure, even car numbers, and those in Latin. Where in the room are the cyrillic letters q, g, w, u, z, f, s, and others? Type in Europe there are no such in the computer? So what? They will enter, they will not peel off. So the betrayal of the mother tongue comes from our very government, which cannot even defend such simple things as the language of the mark plate.
      1. smile
        smile 28 June 2013 14: 57
        0
        Uncle
        And what did the naga power do wrong by unifying the lettering in license plates with the rest of the world, thereby making life easier for those of us who travel abroad? You still prat for refusing international driver's license ... so to speak, out of patriotic motives.
  10. vostok1982
    vostok1982 28 June 2013 10: 47
    +3
    I don’t know where it is and what is narrowing. In my Nikolaev region in Ukraine, as they spoke Russian, in extreme cases, on surzhik, which in fact is the very Little Russian name, the original language of the Little Russians, they say so. Even the fact that schools have forcibly translated into Ukrainian has absolutely not changed anything - outside the school, none of the children thinks to speak Ukrainian.
    1. Stas
      Stas 28 June 2013 11: 25
      +4
      Here, in this case, the question is raised primarily about the Russian language in Russia. The fact that it is replaced with any English and its derivatives, and in all areas: the goalkeeper - the goalkeeper, the forward - striker, shopping - purchases, the weekend - the day off, etc., etc. That is the point. Huge masses of people are trying to show themselves advanced, but in practice they show their illiteracy and complete disrespect for their native language. After all, any confusion of languages ​​suggests that a person does not have enough Russian vocabulary to clearly express his thoughts .... And if you want to speak a foreign language, then speak it and do not bother it with another language (this is not about Ukraine)! !!
      1. vostok1982
        vostok1982 28 June 2013 13: 07
        +1
        Neologisms of foreign origin are not dangerous to the language - the Russian language has incredible opportunities for the assimilation of Englishisms. After a few years of walking, Anglicism acquires new semantic nuances and loses its connection with a foreign language. The more synonyms, the richer the language. When the Anglo-Saxons leave the world stage, then the English language will for a long time remain something like Latin for past centuries.
      2. Elliot
        Elliot 28 June 2013 14: 02
        +3
        I agree, of course borrowing has always been, here, for example, they remembered the time of Pushkin and French, there is nothing wrong with borrowed words if they are terms, for example, in the field of computers, but if almost everyone replaces the beautiful word "image" with an English look, this is not for me understandably
      3. kush62
        kush62 28 June 2013 16: 30
        +1
        And there is a mayor and a speaker. And the presidents in the country are 5 per capita.
  11. Valery-SPB
    Valery-SPB 28 June 2013 11: 46
    +1
    "Until now, after the death of his brother sowing, they were offended by trees and frost."
    The beginning of the 12th century.

    "Lithuania feared itself between itself for the sake of need, but the blessed prince Dovmant with his friends and with all his kind left his swelling, the land of Lithuania, and came to Pleskov."
    Dated no later than the 14th century.

    "There, he was found by a man like up to a thousand Russian people, who live on the Volga River for fishing for the sake of fish ..."

    This Russian language is exactly 328 years ago. The author of the historical novel calls him still Slovenian. As early as 10 years, Peter, named the First, was proclaimed king by the king, and by the same token 3 years, as he ruled independently.

    And this is a little bit later, after Peter and before Catherine II another historian:

    "In our blessed days, our magnanimous Elizabeth destroyed the rooted harm within Russia without any of our yearning in a short time ..."

    Why am I doing this? And on what century will we stop?
    1. Basileus
      Basileus 28 June 2013 11: 55
      0
      I see, with each quote, the number of Anglicisms is growing.
  12. Reserve buildbat
    Reserve buildbat 28 June 2013 12: 49
    +5
    It is interesting ... To expand the use of the Russian language in other countries, to "end" the Albanese language ... We must end with boundless migration, and with a system of disinformation. Immediately I remember: -Remember! Coffee and whiskey is HE, and IT is Mr. and the Ministry of Education. First, the country needs to be put in order and here not only the essay must be returned. In general, it is necessary to restore culture here.
  13. Galinanp
    Galinanp 28 June 2013 13: 56
    +5
    The narrowing of the use of the Russian language, the decline in its status in the CIS countries is one of the areas of the Anglo-Saxon war against Russia.
  14. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 28 June 2013 15: 11
    +3
    The closure of Russian-language schools in the CIS countries is a direct violation of the rights of the Russian-speaking population. Such issues should be addressed at the interstate and world level. Has anyone heard the Russian government raise these issues? Are there no ways to put pressure on neighbors about this? Or at least include this issue in the package of issues discussed? If the bear does not move, then you can hammer it and clamp it quietly. Tolerate, not the first time. In the absence of an active policy of protecting the Russian people in the country and abroad, it is possible to declare at least every year the year of the Russian language, according to the results stating a reduction in Russian speakers.
  15. Ivan.
    Ivan. 28 June 2013 16: 56
    +1
    only when a person himself understands that he is causing harm not only to others, but, above all, to his soul, he does not need Russian in order to haggle in the market, but in order to be a full-fledged person ...

    I think everyone can notice how it changes depending on what language it speaks, what vocabulary it uses. That is why I try to use undistorted Russian language in my statements: without unnecessary abbreviations, borrowings, computer and other fen. The use of the Russian literary language can be compared with ablution, it really exalts spiritual hygiene.
    V.A. Nikonov noted that the Russian language this year made a rapid breakthrough and was the second in the Internet space. But is this the language that we would like to see there?

    In connection with this, the question was immediately raised about the need for censorship in our Internet space, namely language censorship: it’s time to stop with the so-called Olban language, it is possible that the use of this Volapük is precisely a serious cause of the illiteracy of our youth ...

    It is impossible to destroy - to lead, I am sure such a program works in the preparation of the "bulk" in the fight against the Russian world, it is the "bulk" in a distorted and cynical language that find ways to corrupt the youth or create preconditions. Difficult to crack a monolith, but if you create a crack ...
  16. homosum20
    homosum20 28 June 2013 17: 06
    0
    “But the worst thing is that a weakening language accordingly forms a weakening nation ...”

    Collection of intelligent liberals.
    How did Ukraine's adoption of its language weaken Russia? Well, they changed most of the words "about" to "and" - so what? It's the same with the rest.
    The strength of a nation is determined by its army and navy. And with this, it seems, no deterioration has been observed recently. I would say the opposite.
    How does the initial velocity of a bullet depend on the language the target is speaking?
    They would rather attend to the education system. The same exam, in the end. And then soon among Russian speakers there will be no writing without errors.
    1. Mikhail m
      Mikhail m 28 June 2013 19: 33
      0
      They also made the navy feminine belay
  17. George
    George 28 June 2013 19: 51
    +1
    Hello everyone .
    Excessive enthusiasm for foreign phraseological units, vulgarisms not only clogs native speech, but also shakes the foundations of linguistic culture.


    Please watch this video and it will become clear how poor they are in language.
    1. teodorh
      teodorh 28 June 2013 23: 41
      +1
      This is not an indicator. Here are specific words or proverbs.
  18. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 28 June 2013 20: 37
    -2
    Science redefines language.

    Language is not something that people discuss after a vespers, but rather how the latest achievements / postulates are discussed in medicine, physics, mathematics, astronomy, and other non-important non-important branches.

    And, of course, in what language are the commands expressed in the Army and Navy called to defend this very language.

    And the Internet, cut not only Russian, but also the American language, but Google - in general miracles! translate from anything to anything. There is an answer to everything!

    So it's too late to look for "a special Russian purpose as the unification of all Greek lands", but it's too early to "write off from a submarine on land."
  19. radio operator
    radio operator 17 July 2013 11: 38
    +1
    Yes, the range of the Russian language is shrinking, like shagreen skin.
    In proportion to the decrease in the number of Russian people.
    Alas.