Military Review

The Russian fleet is learning. To cruise "Moscow" to Cuba

36
The Russian fleet is learning. To cruise "Moscow" to Cuba

Guards missile cruiser "Moscow" is preparing for a long campaign. He will become the flagship of the combined detachment of the ships of the Black Sea (Black Sea Fleet), Baltic (BF) and Northern (SF) fleets, which will conduct exercises in the Atlantic Ocean in July. In the course of the exercises, a number of combat training tasks will be worked out to combat the surface, underwater and air enemies, and to interact with the strategic aviation Air Force and Submarines of the North fleet. During the exercises in the Atlantic, ships will perform rocket and artillery firing. And the cruiser Moscow will use its main strike weapon - supersonic anti-ship missiles "Vulkan". After the exercises, a detachment of ships will visit Cuba and Venezuela in order to strengthen cooperation with the Navy of the Latin American countries.


The inter-fleet grouping will include the BOD of the Northern Fleet, Vice-Admiral Kulakov, the patrol ship of the Baltic Fleet, Yaroslav the Wise, and several auxiliary vessels. It will be formed in early July in the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, where the cruiser "Moscow" will join the detachment of the ships of the Northern Fleet and the Baltic Fleet. The deputy commander of the Black Sea Fleet, Rear Admiral Valery Kulikov, will lead the campaign.

The aim of the campaign should be considered the accumulation of experience in the performance of combat services in remote areas of the oceans and the demonstration of the flag of St. Andrew. This campaign is quite an important event for our fleet. Why? Let's try to figure it out.

It is no secret that the fleet is now faced with the task of returning its presence to significant areas of the oceans. This is not the task of one day and not one campaign. It is impossible to return our fleet to the oceans with orders and directives. This is a big and long job. To accomplish this task, a serious and ambitious program for the construction of new ships is being implemented. To accomplish this task, the crews are studying in constant campaigns and exercises. After all, if we imagine that, by magic, we instantly received hundreds of new warships, it would still take years to learn how to act in near and remote areas to get acquainted with a potential enemy, with its capabilities and tactics; to build up their tactics and gain experience in the use of military force that had fallen from the sky. Miracles do not happen. And in order to operate successfully in the ocean tomorrow, we must learn today.

Of course, the strength of our fleet is now largely limited. And therefore it makes no sense to compare the forces of the detachment of our ships with the forces of the current "masters of the Atlantic." It makes no sense to imagine a hypothetical collision with the combined NATO Navy. We are not going to fight there. And do not even scare anyone. We are going to study.

But why do we need it at all? Why do we need a presence in the oceans? Often, one is confronted with skepticism about the very need for the development of the Navy and the need for its presence in remote areas of the World Ocean. There is a range of opinions, from “where to us to be caught ...” (with the indispensable example of Tsushima, as if our fleet only participated in this battle) and to “we are not a sea power at all”. We often hear mockery at the task of displaying a flag, they say, “we only inflate our cheeks”. Basically, such opinions come from the lack of understanding of the importance of sea power for the development of the state and from ignorance of the place and role of the fleet in the world balance of military forces.

To understand why we need a fleet and what it needs in the ocean, we will have to start with the fact that the land occupies only 29,2% of the Earth’s surface. And the military fleet (any military fleet) is at the same time both a means of extending military force beyond land and a defense of land against attack from the sea. And to solve both of these tasks, the 130 to 150 surface ships and submarines of the 16 – 20 states are on combat duty every day in the World Ocean. These military forces are constantly located in those areas where they constitute a threat to the security of Russia. The European part of Russia and the Far East are almost 80% available for conventional (non-nuclear) means of attacking sea-based (such as cruise missiles and carrier-based aircraft). This territory is home to a large part of the population of Russia, it concentrates over 60% of the industrial and military-industrial potential, and strategically important government and infrastructure facilities are located.

Hence, the first task of the Russian fleet (the most obvious) is to protect the territory of Russia from non-nuclear means of attack and expeditionary forces of the enemy from sea directions. But even this task has to be solved not only in the near sea zone (it is determined by the range of the coastal facilities, mainly aviation), but also at a considerable distance from its own coast. The fact is that the open spaces of the sea are available for moving military forces to foreign shores. Nobody can forbid a potential enemy to be in close proximity to the coast. The only way to protect against unpleasant surprises from maritime destinations is the so-called gun tracking. That is, the escort of potentially dangerous movements of the enemy by the forces of his fleet. And for this you have to go to the far sea zone. After all, to push the potential threat away from its immediate borders - you need to meet it further from its shore.

But in addition to conventional weapons, which the fleet is able to move over long distances, there is also a nuclear weapon. The US Navy and NATO can operate in virtually any area of ​​the world's oceans, while carrying almost half of the nuclear arsenal of Western countries. This is not only about missiles placed on submarines. Deck aircraft can be equipped with nuclear munitions. And in the future (so far distant), the United States will be able to strike non-nuclear strategic means of attack on any point on the earth's surface. Protection from this threat can only be the inevitability of a retaliatory strike on the territory of the aggressor.

Hence, the second (and the main) task of the Russian fleet is to ensure the inevitability of a retaliatory strike with the help of our own means of nuclear deterrence. As well as the weakening of the enemy’s offensive assets by destroying them, which is also possible only with the help of tracking the enemy’s naval forces. And this task can not be solved near the coast. We need surface forces that are able to act in the far sea and in the ocean zone. Without them, it is impossible to ensure the deployment and combat stability of operational submarine formations. Without them, it is difficult to use strategic long-range aviation on sea routes.

Recently, the fleet has new tasks associated with the challenges of the present time. The US is developing its fleet in new directions. Thus, instead of the currently existing 12 carrier-based strike groups (AUG), new independent strike groups are being created to conduct operations in any part of the world. So, 9 groups of surface missile defense ships are being created. In the future, they will pose a danger to the potential of our retaliatory strike. And given this, we need to learn to counteract these groups.

Also created are 12 expeditionary strike groups. Together with the development of the sea and air supply system, as well as with the development of European fleets and armies, NATO’s modern concept of the use of force is in the direction of enhancing expeditionary capabilities. It proceeds from the fact that against a strong adversary it is inappropriate to carry out direct aggression until it is weakened by economic isolation and internal conflicts. You do not need to fight for yourself if you can create prerequisites for internal conflict, support and supply internal destructive forces. Using these tools, NATO plans to weaken the military and economic potential of its adversaries and negate the possibility of retaliatory action on their part. At the first stage, NATO’s direct military intervention is limited to supporting and supplying the internal forces of the object of aggression. At the second stage, the use of remote weapons is also limited. And only at the third stage provides for the participation of expeditionary ground forces for the so-called "crisis management". And in all three phases, the naval forces of NATO play a key role.

That is why we are building a new ocean fleet. That is why Russia announced the constant presence of fleet forces in the Mediterranean, when this region became the target of a targeted NATO action. That is why we start the Atlantic campaign and carry the flag of St. Andrew to the shores of Cuba and Venezuela.

Let the power of our fleet is still limited. They will appear. According to American forecasts, only Russia and China after 2015 – 2020 have a chance to become regional powers capable of challenging the US military power in their regions. Let them now laugh at the capabilities of the detachments of our ships in the Mediterranean and in the Atlantic, forgetting that they are backed up by the potential of strategic forces, which makes it impossible to directly clash with our fleet. In the Mediterranean and in the Atlantic, we learn and carry the St. Andrew's flag there. We are learning to be a power.
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  1. experienced
    experienced 27 June 2013 08: 17
    21
    Gradually, little by little, of course to the state of affairs as in the USSR it is still "to plow and plow", but in comparison with the beginning of the century, this is already something. I'm talking about hiking and flag demonstration. hi
    Well, explaining to us why this is necessary is somehow unnecessary. People are adults and we understand everything perfectly soldier
    1. Romn
      Romn 27 June 2013 09: 04
      +9
      The more the RF flag develops in large parts of the earth, the calmer we will be! As they say you want peace, get ready for war. And such trips are very pleasing, Good luck to them and safely return home! soldier
      1. cartridge
        cartridge 27 June 2013 09: 30
        +6
        ... it will take years to learn how to act in near and remote areas in order to get acquainted with a potential adversary, with his capabilities and tactics; to develop their tactics and gain experience in using military force that has fallen from the sky. There are no miracles. And in order to successfully operate in the ocean tomorrow - you need to learn today.


        Let the power of our fleet is still limited. They will appear. According to American forecasts, only Russia and China after 2015 – 2020 have a chance to become regional powers capable of challenging the US military power in their regions. Let them now laugh at the capabilities of the detachments of our ships in the Mediterranean and in the Atlantic, forgetting that they are backed up by the potential of strategic forces, which makes it impossible to directly clash with our fleet. In the Mediterranean and in the Atlantic, we learn and carry the St. Andrew's flag there. We are learning to be a power.


        I completely agree with the written. I am glad for our Russian sailors, for the fact that after many years of inactivity our ships and their crews begin to do their own thing!
        I am sure that such trips will become the usual norm for our fleet!
      2. Fin
        Fin 27 June 2013 14: 04
        +2
        Such trips are certainly pleasing. But what will remain in the Mediterranean than to cover Syria?
    2. 755962
      755962 27 June 2013 11: 09
      +3
      Quote: seasoned
      I'm talking about campaigns and a demonstration of the flag.

      Hello Alexey! And our Kipelovo "bears" are also fed to Cuba on an ongoing basis. Not so long ago they flew to their home.
      Why not a demonstration?
      1. Denis
        Denis 27 June 2013 11: 42
        +3
        Quote: 755962
        Not so long ago they flew to their home
        Nothing will be!
        Tu-160 paved the way for Venezuela
    3. viktorR
      viktorR 27 June 2013 11: 52
      +4
      I will definitely go and spend Moscow on exercises!)) When you go out to sea, you always stand and look rooted to the spot, you feel the power! I recently went out during sunset, that was beautiful, it’s a pity that there was no camera, only a phone ((
      This is all I need, and the fact that it is such ships that should show the flag!
  2. Tarpon
    Tarpon 27 June 2013 08: 18
    +7
    Let them laugh at the capabilities of our ship’s squads in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, forgetting that they are backed by the potential of strategic forceswhich makes impossible a direct collision with our fleet.

    Indeed, some sometimes forget about it and it’s not at all superfluous to remind about it, such as, for example, before exercises in the Mediterranean!
    A demonstration of the Russian flag in the oceans by ships of the 1st rank is simply necessary!
  3. Trailer
    Trailer 27 June 2013 08: 22
    +4
    Seven feet under the keel!
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Denis
    Denis 27 June 2013 08: 24
    +4
    And in order to successfully operate in the ocean tomorrow - you need to learn today.
    Studying is important, of course, but do not forget about the importance of being in that region. It is time to return to the scale of the USSR so that a probable friend does not relax. Not only do they crawl everywhere ...
    1. seller trucks
      seller trucks 27 June 2013 13: 10
      +3
      Quote: Denis
      . It is time to return to the scale of the USSR,


      and you, my friend, are an imperialist, however, I am the same. at the beginning of the 90s, all the skerries of the Kola Peninsula went: Gremikha, Vidyaevo, Port Vladimir, who died in Bose, and I can tell you about the strength of the USSR fleet, at the 35th plant near Severomorsk there was at that time this "thing"
  6. engineer74
    engineer74 27 June 2013 08: 25
    +3
    Interestingly, there are not a single BDK in the squad, so it’s not for a walk that they (BDK) go to Tartus!
  7. Imigrantt
    Imigrantt 27 June 2013 09: 08
    +3
    Keep it up, let them watch carefully. How the Russian bear wakes up, leaves the den without haste! But the dear got hungry, emaciated, and the "kind" bear eats up his neck quickly, does not disdain anything, and no one will stop him until he is satisfied! Cry Yankees Russian spring has come !!!
  8. Vtel
    Vtel 27 June 2013 09: 13
    +3
    The purpose of the campaign should be considered the accumulation of experience in performing military services in remote areas of the World Ocean and the demonstration of the St. Andrew flag.

    As well as the injection of adrenaline into the calm mind of the American-Yankees. But the main thing is not to lose friendly contacts with Cuba and Venezuela.
    1. JonnyT
      JonnyT 27 June 2013 10: 40
      +3
      And the transit passenger transportation))))
  9. VkadimirEfimov1942
    VkadimirEfimov1942 27 June 2013 09: 21
    +5
    It’s time to restore the military base in Cuba and strengthen military ties with Venezuela! Closer to the aggressor to cool his appetite ...
  10. Alexxeg73
    Alexxeg73 27 June 2013 09: 24
    +6
    Good deal ... At the same time, they can throw one passenger from Sheremetyevo ... Well, you understand who ...
    1. slavik_gross
      slavik_gross 27 June 2013 11: 22
      +2
      it’s better not to let all the information pass on to us, it’s important ...
    2. Denis
      Denis 27 June 2013 11: 43
      +1
      Quote: Alexxeg73
      can throw one passenger from Sheremetyevo
      Soon, he hasn’t told everything yet.
  11. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 27 June 2013 09: 55
    +3
    I think there is no need to flood the seas and are covered with clouds of aircraft carriers, battleships and cruisers. The Germans did not have a huge fleet during the Second World War, which did not prevent them from gracefully nagging where and when they wanted the "mistress of the seas", in contrast to the First World War. the great and mighty "Kaiser's fleet, which cost the Germans a bunch of gold marks, stood stupidly in Kiel until the end of the war, serving as a breeding ground for anarchism and communism, and then was stupidly flooded in Scapa Flow. A strong submarine fleet is our choice, no one knows how many there are. where are they, and let the Americans rivet the aircraft carriers and chase giant killer squids with their sonars in a vain attempt to find at least one of our submarines.
    1. VDV 80-82
      VDV 80-82 27 June 2013 15: 07
      0
      I agree at 100% ... a very smart and sensible thought!
    2. max702
      max702 28 June 2013 15: 45
      0
      Totally agree with you! and the dominance for the development of the Soviet fleet, with emphasis on submarine forces, is a proof of that, but the fleet is airborne aircraft carrier very cool and beautiful! but it’s very expensive and expensive to not even build, but to keep it in constant readiness, somewhere on the site they thought that ONE! any missile launched from an aircraft from an aircraft carrier cost the United States 7.5 million ... like that. In my unprofessional opinion, aviation has reached such heights as rocket science right now, which leaves no chance for the fleet as such.
  12. avt
    avt 27 June 2013 09: 57
    +1
    All journalists are looking for where Snowden is the notorious. How did he fly to Cuba by plane? Yes, like that, I didn’t fly, but float with opportunity. laughing
  13. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 27 June 2013 10: 07
    +2
    Good article. In general, there is nothing to add
    1. Ivan.
      Ivan. 27 June 2013 12: 26
      0
      Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
      Good article. In general, there is nothing to add

      Namely, but there will always be experienced guys who will chew on the obvious to us at the very beginning of the discussion.
  14. Volkhov
    Volkhov 27 June 2013 10: 50
    0
    But the door in the stern of the cruiser - is it fish to catch on long trips?
    1. VDV 80-82
      VDV 80-82 27 June 2013 15: 14
      +1
      Nope ... this is a cable to hook for water skiing)))
      1. Volkhov
        Volkhov 28 June 2013 15: 36
        0
        And I thought he was redone from a trawler or whaler when the fish were gone - the women and the cannery were kicked out, the rockets and sailors were loaded, which was not put inside the top ...
  15. serjant4
    serjant4 27 June 2013 11: 51
    +1
    Glory to Russia! soldier
  16. Sashkessss
    Sashkessss 27 June 2013 13: 48
    0
    A great idea is to walk through the old allies, showing that we are still worth something and are going to build a new political communication system. In fact, we are now the complete antipode of the United States, provided that they destroy themselves from within, and this is more and more shown. We, on the contrary, stand upright. I can’t wait until we have a situation where more is said about Russia in the news than about the West.
    1. Denis
      Denis 27 June 2013 14: 18
      +2
      Quote: Sashkessss
      in fact, we are now the complete antipode of the United States, provided that they destroy themselves from within, and this is more and more shown.
      The process is necessary, the world will be cleaner. Only probable friends need help, the fleet in Cuba and Venezuela will contribute to this
  17. tun1313
    tun1313 27 June 2013 13: 57
    0
    I would say remember. Seven feet ...
  18. omsbon
    omsbon 27 June 2013 14: 04
    +3
    Revival of the fleet and presence in the oceans is impossible without good supply bases.
    Probably it's time to apologize to the Cubans for the actions of the humpback and bori-drunk and establish close military cooperation, because you can’t come up with the best naval base!
    1. seller trucks
      seller trucks 27 June 2013 14: 52
      0
      Quote: omsbon
      Revival of the fleet and presence in the oceans is impossible without good supply bases.


      fleet and support vessels, they can compensate for the lack of "support bases", the only sailor (42 MSH of the Navy) for the training of junior crew members was closed in 2009.
  19. aleshka1987
    aleshka1987 27 June 2013 14: 11
    0
    This is mistake! You can not spend the resource of the ship now! He must be ready at any moment to reach the coast of Syria as quickly as possible!
  20. SPIRITofFREEDOM
    SPIRITofFREEDOM 27 June 2013 14: 14
    0
    Give a base in Cuba !!!
  21. Sirocco
    Sirocco 27 June 2013 15: 33
    0
    Well done Gorbenko, clearly and on the shelves, even chewed and put in his mouth. I would like to highlight one of the quotes, for those who often make noise here about our fleet, they say why we need it.
    To understand why we need a fleet and what it needs in the ocean, we have to start with the fact that land occupies only 29,2% of the Earth’s surface.
    After all, it was not in vain that Russia had risen by the Navy under Peter 1. Petrusha was not considered a Fool. Well, the Geyropa was making noise then, and now. What do we need? The dog barks, the caravan goes on.
  22. darksoul
    darksoul 27 June 2013 18: 41
    0
    That’s good, we need to remind Cuba that there is such a distant country with which it was once on friendly terms .... it’s time to return there to the successor of the USSR: Russia
  23. Volkhov
    Volkhov 27 June 2013 18: 51
    0
    Cuba is concerned about cruisers - now Man sailed 115 years ago, exploded and the war began with Spain ... and here past Syria with such large missiles, past Spain and even to Cuba - a whole odyssey past Scyll and Charybdis.
  24. Seasoned22
    Seasoned22 7 January 2016 13: 53
    +1
    Trekking through Atlantniku this thing