Military Review

Weapon with surgical precision

29
Sniper weapon recently becoming the most popular among people who are addicted to the study of handguns. In general, in this phenomenon, everything is clear and logical. For many years, we have been imparted that the loner-hero can do everything, and the sniper is in itself the most close to this not very truthful image, even despite the fact that he alone works very, very rarely. A major contribution to people's interest in sniper weapons was recently made by Tsar Cannon and Orsis, showing unprecedented characteristics of their samples, and the phrase “having no analogues in the world” again made us believe that we are the best and ahead of the rest. But, unfortunately, not everything is as perfect as a man in the street can imagine.


First of all, it should be noted that high-precision weapons are a very expensive tool, and ammunition of a corresponding quality is quite expensive. At the same time, it is necessary to understand that such a weapon is needed far from all tasks, but only for very, very rare ones. Of course, it’s not bad when the characteristics of a weapon have a reserve in their characteristics, but when you need to pay 5-10 more for this stock, you should set the priorities correctly. In the end, you can simply see what armies of other countries are arming with and see that high-precision long-range weapons are not at all as common as they seem, but models and manufacturers who are ready to provide their samples are above the roof. For example, we can note a small, but rather well-known in narrow circles company with a big name Surgeon Rifles, which is engaged in the manufacture of precision weapons.

The characteristics of the products of this company are really impressive, but only those who are directly confronted with such weapons have heard about it, neither computer games, nor cinema will simply advertise products. However, this is the very rare case where the characteristics of a weapon are more important than any advertising, anyway, the target audience is very small. And if you look for other weapons companies producing high-precision weapons, you may find that there are very few large companies. The cost of development and production is very, very high, and the profit is not so great despite the high final cost of production, because large weapon companies rarely are interested in the production of such weapons, unless a large order is seen in the distance, and because of the specificity of the weapon, they are rare .

Among the products of the company Surgeon Rifles there is no finding a self-loading weapon, only “bolts”, since not a single self-loading rifle can provide high accuracy - the operation of the automation system affects the impact of the hit. Actually this can be observed in other companies engaged in the production of high-precision sniper rifles. List all the samples produced by the company, in principle, it is meaningless, since almost all of them are built on the same principle, debugged a few decades before the ideal. All the difference lies in small solutions that increase the ease of handling and transporting weapons, as well as fitting parts.

The accuracy of Surgeon Rifles rifles is 0,5 angular minutes or less. On the one hand, 0,5 MOA is a result that will surprise no one, on the other hand, there are plenty of examples where a weapon with higher accuracy shows itself to be unreliable. Very good fitting of parts is certainly wonderful, but at the same time a few grains of sand can cause the weapon to fail at the most inopportune moment or the movement of the bolt will be difficult. Of course, there are solutions that can ensure reliable operation even of the fitted parts, but they also affect the accuracy of the weapon, not to mention the fact that they increase the cost of the final product. Thus, the creation of a highly accurate, reliable sample is almost impossible, because everything depends on the balance between accuracy and reliability that Surgeon Rifles has found.

It was the idea of ​​the balance of weapons that became the basis for the man who created Preston Pitchett's Surgeon Rifles. Seeing that there are rifles on the market, which have perfect reliability, but lack of accuracy and vice versa, an idea emerged to find a middle ground that came true at the beginning of 2001. Since then, the company has won a significant share of the market for high-precision sniper rifles and not only for the civilian market. Skillfully feeling the new trends of the weapon fashion and observing all the novelties, the Surgeon Rifles company not only does not give up its positions, but also develops on the contrary. Creating samples of weapons for the most promising ammunition, the company fully meets the needs of the civilian market for people who love to shoot accurately and far, and the fact that the company does not forget about the older cartridges, provides it with stable orders from the US Army.

As an example, we will try to consider one of the rifles of a company that is chosen at random - the 6XC Scalpel A-5. The rifle has a polymer bed, buttstock is adjustable in its length and height of the cheek support. The original decision was to compensate for the absence of a freely hung barrel with its thickness, which significantly increased the weight of the rifle, but at the same time added accuracy. The rifle barrel itself is 26 inches long. The shutter has spiral valleys that ensure the reliability of the weapon when contaminated. The receiver has a mount for an optical sight, the weapon has no open sights. Bipods are mounted on the rifle's shank. The weapon is produced for several common ammunition, but there is no quick way to switch from one to another - the fee for accuracy.

Despite the fact that the weapon looks more like a civilian and at first glance you can not even realize that it’s a high-precision model of a rifle, the army and the police are quite successfully using it, not to mention the civilian market. Where this rifle has established itself as a great tool for recreational shooting, as well as hunting at ultra-long distances, which was quite a recent entertainment.

Naturally, there can be no talk that Surgeon Rifles will be the only leading company someday, too much competition among manufacturers, but the fact that Surgical Rifles are already some of the leaders is unconditional.
Author:
Photos used:
talk.guns.ru
29 comments
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  1. cartridge
    cartridge 25 June 2013 09: 37 New
    18
    For an army sniper, the best rifle is the SVD - reliable and reliable.
    Speaking of sniper weapons, we often confuse special forces snipers and army snipers. The task of ordinary snipers, and there are one of them in the motorized rifle squad, three in the platoon, 9 in the motorized rifle company, is not a multi-day fight with any enemy super sniper, as the incompetent directors of Russian film clubs about the war like to show.
    Their main task in the course of a defensive battle is to incapacitate officers on foot of the advancing enemy. In the attack, their main task is to disable the calculations of firearms that impede the advancement of our troops (the calculations of ATGMs, anti-tank guns, machine guns, MANPADS, etc.).
    And that’s it. The remaining fire missions are of a secondary nature.
    For counter-sniper fighting, specially created in wartime groups and squads of snipers are involved, which are equipped, as a rule, with the best military snipers that have undergone additional training.
    The composition of such groups can also include professional arrow athletes after passing the initial and additional military training.
    But, again, as a rule, athletes are more often used as training instructors, rather than practicing snipers.
    For sniper groups and detachments, sniper weapons of a higher class than SVD are required.
    But, again, it is for the military sniper-motorized rifle SVD rifle is enough.
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 25 June 2013 13: 05 New
      +1
      Well, do not forget that army snipers are also different. And those that run with the department, and those that work in pairs. This is all an army.
      and SVD, with all its coolness, it’s high time to modernize - it will not be compared in accuracy with Western P / A. They wanted to set another sight even under the USSR following the results of the Afghan war.
  2. PSih2097
    PSih2097 25 June 2013 09: 42 New
    0
    This is what I like about western precision rifles, the quality and price of the weapon.
    6XC Scalpel A-5
    Surgeon 591 repeater action
    26 "Krieger stainless # 10 contour barrel
    Muzzle threaded 5 / 8-24 with blended cap
    Black cerakote finish
    McMillan A-5 stock in Tan, Black, Olive marble finish
    (1) 5 round Accuracy International magazine
    Jewell trigger
    Weight 14lb
    $ 5080.00 delivered
    Rifle is in stock.

    Please call 405-567-0183 to order.
  3. rudolff
    rudolff 25 June 2013 12: 06 New
    +1
    Patron, what are you quoting a combat charter from? What other officers are commanders of the advancing units on foot? What other anti-tank guns? Yes, and try to get closer to them at a distance of a confident shot. For SVD it’s three hundred meters! The same applies to the destruction of machine-gun crews and ATGM operators. You will not come close to them, unless there are muddlers there! Moreover, without cover, including sniper cover, such calculations do not work. Remember Chechnya. For MANPADS in general, forget it! You will find it at best by the smoke trail of a fired rocket. All that you have listed is the specifics of the work of special sniper groups! SVD, the device is good, I like it myself, but its effective use is reduced to the suppression of firing points (RPG shooters, for example) with battle conditions of 50-300 meters. Forest, city, rugged terrain.
    1. cartridge
      cartridge 25 June 2013 14: 03 New
      +7
      It’s always nice to meet an avid Wikipedia reader! good
      Well, if you are sure that the infantrymen on the battlefield move exclusively inside the vehicles, and their commanders watch the battlefield on television, then remain in this error of your own! laughing
      I’m ready to listen to your opinion on this subject, but I won’t be able to share it.
      The experience of serving in motorized rifles from 1980 to 2012 does not allow me to do this. wink
      1. rudolff
        rudolff 25 June 2013 14: 32 New
        +2
        Cartridge, I put you a plus for humor, well, for a long service. But just do not get excited, since they are not familiar with the interlocutor. I also began my service in the 80s and also in boots. Therefore, I know where someone moves a bit and BU NE, which I quoted still remember.
        1. cartridge
          cartridge 25 June 2013 14: 44 New
          +5
          I did not think to get excited. Pensioners as well as substitutes do not sweat, much less get excited.
          I can’t even get excited in the garden with a shovel in my hands ... All the time my wife grumbles for picking the beds without fire in my eyes! request
          And you reciprocal plus for the presence of humor! wink
    2. O_RUS
      O_RUS 27 June 2013 15: 45 New
      +1
      Quote: rudolff
      For SVD it’s three hundred meters!


      300m? Well, "old man" ...
      ... indicated the range, so go on ... what is the scope? ... rifling pitch? BC? what is the purpose?

      Why did my aunt misfire in the winter?
  4. rudolff
    rudolff 25 June 2013 12: 21 New
    +1
    Making high-precision automatic rifles is not a problem in principle. It is enough to refuse to use the energy of the removed powder gases or other mechanical recharge systems. An ordinary bolt with a servo shutter, that's the solution to all problems. But such a toy will still not be for the army team. The life of the SVD can be extended for many more years if you improve the quality of the barrel and switch to a more effective ammunition. Perhaps with less impulse, with more flat ballistics.
  5. rudolff
    rudolff 25 June 2013 12: 38 New
    +1
    Cartridge, I do not agree with you about the fact that SVD is enough for a military sniper-motorized rifle. No, not enough. I think that at least one boltovik should be on staff for a platoon! There are different situations, and the situation will not always allow waiting for regimental or brigade specialists. In Afghanistan, along with SVD, well-known mosquitoes were actively used by everyone and they turned out to be not unnecessary there!
    1. cartridge
      cartridge 25 June 2013 14: 35 New
      +6
      You can agree with me or disagree, but in principle it is a waste of time.
      Nothing depends on your opinion, as well as mine, in this matter.
      For some time now I have been a simple military pensioner and have not resolved the issues of adopting any type of small arms.
      So you do not need to contact me with your proposals.
      But if you have enough thoughts to justify your suggestions on changing the nomenclature of sniper weapons in the Russian Army, then send the appropriate package of documents to the Chief of the GRAU of the RF Ministry of Defense Major General Nikolai Parshin at the address: 119160 Moscow, st. Bolshaya Pirogovskaya, d. 23 or 119160, Moscow, Bolshoi Kozlovsky lane, 6
      If your considerations are deemed worthy of attention, then after studying and elaborating the issue by specialists of the research institutes, design bureaus and the expert community, an appropriate decision can also be made. with a positive option, you will go down in history.
      So protect your proposals with deed. I wish you good luck. yes

      Next you write
      Rudolff quote
      In Afghanistan, along with SVD, well-known mosquitoes were actively used by everyone.


      I served in Afghanistan after training for a year as a motorized infantry soldier from 1980 to 1981, and then after graduating from a combined arms school for another 2 years as an officer in a motorized rifle (mountain) battalion of a motorized rifle regiment.
      And you know, for some reason your statement does not find my support as a direct participant and an eyewitness of those events.
      Neither a soldier, nor an officer, I saw any three-rulers with snipers, nor with special police officers, nor with senior commanders.
      We did not have in service any three rulers, as well as berdanas, muskets, karamultuk and other rifle exoticism.
      There were no Baltic sailors in caps with three-rulers on the shoulder and machine-gun belts on the chest (joke!) wink
      It was strictly only the weapons put motorized rifle in the state.
      I don’t know who hung you noodles about Mosin rifles in OKSVA. But, I assure you, this is exactly noodles! Shake it off!
      1. Timeout
        Timeout 25 June 2013 15: 10 New
        +7
        I support, I myself had to visit the river. I did not observe any weapons in the stern of the staff, neither among the fighters nor the officers. There was only one case when the commander of a neighboring regiment tried to shoot from a captured "drill." But this is just the commander’s entertainment ..
        1. cartridge
          cartridge 25 June 2013 18: 06 New
          +4
          Good evening, dear Timeout! What are we talking about! The truth of life is much simpler. And local flat-footed pioneers want to consider themselves cooler than eggs and higher than stars. Hence the dominance of fables instead of facts, and abuse of those who refuse to believe in these fables.
          So with respect as a comrade in arms. In DRA, where did they serve by the way? I'm at 181 MSP 108 msd.
          1. Bad_gr
            Bad_gr 25 June 2013 20: 12 New
            -1
            Quote: cartridge
            Hence the dominance of fables instead of facts,
            I worked in Afghanistan 1983 - 1985. A fighter from Jalalabad (DSB) said that they have one sniper with a three-ruler walking, but I did not hear that this would be a mass phenomenon.
            1. Bad_gr
              Bad_gr 26 June 2013 00: 08 New
              +2
              Interestingly, and with what it does not agree those three who put me cons? I can’t believe that in Afghanistan there was at least one three-ruler? or that I worked there?

              By the way, if you wanted there, not only a three-ruler, but a flintlock gun could be found.
              Once I found a lead bullet near the headquarters of the Army, the size of a phalanx of a finger. What they shot at the headquarters with such a bullet, no one could explain to me.
              1. Timeout
                Timeout 26 June 2013 06: 37 New
                +1
                We had such trunks in trophies that even in well-known reference books do not appear. Well, at the expense of a fighter with a mosin, a trophy is also possible, but until then, the high command burns.
                1. Bad_gr
                  Bad_gr 26 June 2013 22: 21 New
                  0
                  Quote: Timeout
                  Well, at the expense of a fighter with a mosin, a trophy is also possible, but until then, the high command burns.
                  And what is bad about a mosquito in the mountains? High rate of fire, when firing at a long range, is useless, and the lethal force is perhaps higher than that of the SVD + for cartridges full compatibility.
          2. Timeout
            Timeout 26 June 2013 06: 17 New
            0
            Quote: cartridge
            So with respect as a comrade in arms. In DRA, where did they serve by the way? I'm at 181 MSP 108 msd.


            With mutual respect, Kandahar 22 OBRSN (173rd OSOPN) GRU General Staff, called 3 separate motorized rifle battalion.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. bazilio
    bazilio 25 June 2013 13: 23 New
    +1
    The topic is interesting, although much has been said.
    A boltovik, more precisely, self-loading, is almost an axiom. Although not everything is so simple. If it turns out to create automation that starts to work after leaving the bullet of the barrel, then such automation should not in principle affect the accuracy. As a solution, semi-free shutters a la PSG-1. Here and the lack of a gas pipe, which will make a free-hanging barrel. But these are only theoretical speculations, I’m not sure that they can be realized or that their implementation is advisable.
    Judging by the photo of the receiver (without a box and a trunk), Pilar Beding is seen, the presence of Glass Beding is not ruled out.
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 26 June 2013 17: 02 New
      0
      Quote: bazilio
      The topic is interesting, although much has been said.
      A boltovik, more precisely, self-loading, is almost an axiom. Although not everything is so simple. If it turns out to create automation that starts to work after leaving the bullet of the barrel, then such automation should not in principle affect the accuracy. As a solution, semi-free shutters a la PSG-1. Here and the lack of a gas pipe, which will make a free-hanging barrel. But these are only theoretical speculations, I’m not sure that they can be realized or that their implementation is advisable.
      Judging by the photo of the receiver (without a box and a trunk), Pilar Beding is seen, the presence of Glass Beding is not ruled out.
      Very clever comment, unlike much of the above.
      1. bazilio
        bazilio 26 June 2013 18: 46 New
        0
        Quote: mirag2
        Very clever comment, unlike much of the above.


        Do not judge strictly, offtopic happens. Fortunately there are readers on the site who own the essence of the issue, from which you can learn a lot of interesting things.
  8. Remko
    Remko 25 June 2013 13: 50 New
    +1
    Too much advertising.
  9. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 25 June 2013 14: 39 New
    +6
    So I always knew that in our army Ammo is wrong! Whether it is the modern adherents of modern cyber army! What you, obsolete mugs, the commander on the battlefield ?! A soldier receives a command over the headphone. And he jumps up at that signal, and runs to die ... and his fighting spirit comes from what he knows - his commander sits ten kilometers from the battlefield and, having opened a bottle of beer, enjoys the air-conditioning! There is no need for a handsome commander to smear a beautiful uniform and die among some kind of cattle. From such a force, such power awakens in a soldier ...
    And for ATGM operators and machine gunners, wise and far-sighted contemporaries have already equipped fortifications deep in the rear. Already ten years like ... because in the war, everyone understands that nothing unexpected can happen for a handsome commander. A year ago, he calculated everything on a large beautiful computer, conveniently embroidered on his aphron, according to the latest military field fashion. Of course, communication with high-tech cameras will never fail, the cameras themselves will not be destroyed, the operators of machine guns and ATGMs can see through the eyes (how can these high-tech angels of war be called some miserable machine gunners, how am I ?!).
    And by the way poop in this great army exclusively armored moths ....
    1. cartridge
      cartridge 25 June 2013 14: 46 New
      +5
      Shake your hand! And with sincere respect! hi
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 25 June 2013 15: 52 New
        +6
        Come on smile It was just that the experts, who poked out the code of immortality on their forehead, really got it. They’re not afraid of anything, everything goes according to their will, it is written that the rifle hits 2 kilometers — our immortal lies two kilometers from the battlefield ... They saw dirt in the cinema, but they never stepped into it, that's why their opinions are all so airy, pure mind obedient ...
        Do you think your opponent already has a raffle? I think that if not, he will buy it in the next time. Manufacturers of these things are really rare, as is true in political speeches. Because a piece sniper from the kin - and he buys the tool only once in a lifetime. But army grimy faces are not up to the raiffs, they have real concerns. So the hibernating audience, the gold buyers of the rifles, are so immortal. The “farther” the sighting range of the next mixer, the farther away from death its buyer feels. It’s free for them ...
        1. cartridge
          cartridge 25 June 2013 18: 16 New
          +7
          It was just that the experts, who poked out the code of immortality on their forehead, really got it. They’re not afraid of anything, everything goes according to their will, it is written that the rifle hits 2 kilometers — our immortal lies two kilometers from the battlefield ... They saw dirt in the cinema, but they never stepped into it, that's why their opinions are all so airy, pure mind obedient ...


          But army grimy faces are not up to the raiffs, they have real concerns.


          Once again I welcome you Michael!
          I went to this site, attracted by the name. I thought there was a flood for retirement-savvy piquant vests and those isolated military men who have enough energy to discuss something on the network forums after the service ...
          And here on what topic do not go entirely to the crowds of warlords who have quit the service. The service and combat experience is zero, but they know everything, they are ready to narrow everything down and spend hours on end ...
          The dominance of idle fiction and unprofessional chatter on the forum is depressing!
          As the saying goes, "Every darned condom thinks of itself as an airship."
          There are so many of them in the heavens here that sometimes the sun is not visible!
          It is all the more pleasant to read the thoughts of an intelligent person here. To you, as the youth says, Respect for sobriety! good +
          1. bazilio
            bazilio 26 June 2013 20: 42 New
            0
            Quote: cartridge
            And here on what topic do not go entirely to the crowds of warlords who have quit the service.

            unfortunately there are such super-professional characters on this site. equally well versed in everything at once.
            Of course, I’m not saying that I belong to the category of “retired service-savvy pique vests and those single military men who have enough energy to discuss something on the network forums after the service” is just an amateur, I draw knowledge))
    2. arkady149
      arkady149 25 June 2013 14: 59 New
      +2
      Quote: Mikhail3
      There is no need for a handsome commander to smear a beautiful uniform and die among some kind of cattle. From such a force, such power awakens in a soldier ...

      Yes, you are a poet, my friend. "+++++" to you for mature irony. Thank you Kirill Karasik for informative articles that correctly cover the features of both classes and
      individual models of small arms.
  10. alex-cn
    alex-cn 25 June 2013 18: 09 New
    +5
    patron and Mikhail bow and gratitude for the smart dipping where theorists need sniping.
  11. Bokdan1700
    Bokdan1700 26 June 2013 05: 43 New
    0
    Power and accuracy and nothing more !!!!!!!
  12. I am a Russian
    I am a Russian 6 July 2013 18: 13 New
    +1
    Quote: cartridge
    For an army sniper, the best rifle is the SVD - reliable and reliable.


    still a better sight