When today, under the pretext of a reassessment of values, to please the new owners, patrons, sponsors, curators, it is easy and defiantly spitting and destroying what was considered holy yesterday, it is called “nothing sacred”. More recently, in our country, which was then one, the memory of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War and the warriors who obtained this Victory was considered holy. The desecration and destruction of monuments to the soldiers of the Great Patriotic War was considered unthinkable deed, blasphemy.
Today, in the era of triumphant freedom, first of all - freedom from moral and ethical self-restraints, the destruction of memory and monuments is becoming a matter of habitual and mundane. At one time it seemed that the inspirers and "commanders" of today's paranoid propaganda war against the Soviet stories they will spare the warriors of the Great Patriotic War, make them an exception. After all, the Victory in the Great Patriotic War is out of politics, it is a universal value of a higher order, one for all who consider themselves to be civilized people. Warriors of the Great Patriotic War, soldiers and generals, including our grandfathers and great-grandfathers, are those who fought and died for us, for our living today, for our children and grandchildren. Therefore, it seemed that at least this topic on the wave of “exposing” and turning it inside out will remain inviolable, even if the heroes of the Great Patriotic War are left alone, they will save and preserve at least the memory of their feat. Vain illusion. It would be naive to believe that those who set out to black out the entire history of the Soviet period will, as an exception, retain one bright spot, an annoyingly bright spot, an eyesore from the "painters" of history. Not saved, not spared, did not make exceptions. Memory is stamped out, monuments are defiled or demolished.
A monument to the Hero of the Soviet Union, Major General Sabir Rakhimov, the only Uzbek general of the Great Patriotic War who died in 1945 and was buried in Tashkent (where, according to some sources, was born), was dismantled in Tashkent the other day. Rakhimov joined the Red Army in 1922, served in the Turkestan Military District, commanded cavalry units in battles with basmachis. Perhaps he was remembered by the authorities of independent Uzbekistan today when they decided to demolish the monument. Or, maybe, the fact that Rakhimov is not an Uzbek, but a Kazakh by nationality played a role. Although it is clear to any sane person, not deprived of conscience, that Rakhimov belongs to the Uzbeks to the same extent as the Kazakhs. Just like any hero of the Great Patriotic War, regardless of his nationality, equally belongs to all peoples of the former USSR. Because they fought for one country, for all.
Rakhimov fought in the Western and Southern fronts, in Belarus and in the Smolensk region, near Rostov and Taganrog, on the Don and in the Kuban, in the Caucasus, in East Prussia and Eastern Pomerania. He was repeatedly wounded and contused, was awarded the Order of Lenin, four Orders of the Red Banner, the Orders of Suvorov of the II degree and Kutuzov of the II degree, the Order of the Red Star. In March, 45, in battles for the city of Danzig (now Polish Gdansk), Sabir Rakhimov, then the commander of the 37 Guards Rifle Division as part of the 65 Army, was mortally wounded and died in the hospital without regaining consciousness. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded posthumously to him in May 1965. The Tashkent metro station and one of the districts of the Uzbek capital were named after Rakhimov. In November last year, the metro station was renamed “Almazar” (Uzbek Olmazor) - “Apple Orchard”. (By this name, by the way, port wine was produced in Soviet Uzbekistan). In December, the same fate befell the district named after Sabir Rakhimov. It became clear that the monument to the general is also doomed. And for sure: now we got to him. The monument was demolished in the presence of police and khokimiyat (city administration).
This is not the first case of the destruction of monuments to war heroes in Uzbekistan: in 2009, monuments erected in the 70s in honor of the 30th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War were dismantled in the Tashkent Military Glory Park, in particular, a monument to the Defender of the Motherland and busts symbolizing various kinds of troops. In addition, samples of Soviet military equipment — Katyushas, aircraft, Tanks and guns. According to a source in the Ministry of Defense of Uzbekistan, the monuments did not correspond to the new interpretation of Uzbek history and did not reflect the “history of the armed forces of the republic and the military art of the peoples of Central Asia” (the Uzbeks who immortalized their name in the battles of the Great Patriotic War do not reflect the history of the military art of the Uzbek people - what is ?!). The exposition of the Museum of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan, located in the same park, now focuses on, in particular, the Tamerlane era. The era of the Great Victory in the greatest war in the history of mankind is carefully erased from the memory of descendants.
Just as it happens in other republics of the former USSR. Victory Memorial in Kutaisi is blown up in Georgia. In Estonia, the Bronze Soldier is transferred from the center of Tallinn. Across the Baltics they desecrate the monuments to Soviet soldiers and their graves. And here and there in Ukraine. And in Russia too. What seemed unthinkable yesterday became the norm. When destroying an individual, a nation, a state, the destruction of memory and established ideas about holy things is always at the forefront. The destruction of borders and institutions of power is secondary, this is only a consequence. The root cause is the principle of “Nothing holy and eternal”, taken for granted, replacing faith, becoming weapons for destruction and self-destruction. It is this self-destruction that occurs today in the space of the former USSR, including through the destruction of monuments to soldiers of the Great Patriotic War.
Sometimes this process of destroying one’s own memory and one’s own shrines is accompanied by the simultaneous celebration of those who were defeated by Soviet soldiers, the Nazis and their allies. Like, for example, in the Baltic States, where veterans of the SS legions are marching and where they are forbidden to display Soviet military awards. Like, for example, in Ukraine, where the figures of the OUN-UPA are glorified. As, for example, in Moldova, where one of the streets in the suburbs of Chisinau is assigned the name of Marshal Antonescu. Sometimes the monuments are destroyed for reasons of their "lack of aesthetics" and "archaic" that hinders a new life - for example, in the case of the mentioned memorial in Kutaisi, which was blown up in order to make room for a new parliament building. Sometimes there is no politics and aesthetics, but there are purely economic interests - such as, for example, in the case of the dug up graves of Soviet pilots in Khimki, which have dug up either for the construction of shopping and office centers, or for the sake of expanding the Leningrad highway. Sometimes the theme of the Great Patriotic War is used to purely laugh, such as, for example, in the comedy Hitler Kaput, the creators of which offer viewers to laugh at scenes related to executions and concentration camps.
But most often the destruction and desecration of the memory of the Great Patriotic War and its heroes, of course, occurs on the wave of struggle with the legacy of the Soviet regime, under the pretext of "returning to its historical roots." It is fashionable and sounds beautiful. Only I do not understand how you can return to the "roots" while sawing off a huge part of the "trunk", an integral part of what is called your story? As a result, you will not get back to the "roots", but - to the "stumps" and "snags". To the mutilated history and memory, to the mutilated brains and souls, from which they “sawed out” a fair piece. Like Bulgakov: "Ruin in their heads."
It is noteworthy that in Western countries a reverent and respectful attitude towards the monuments of Soviet soldiers is preserved - in Germany, in particular. Given that these monuments are directly associated with the USSR - the enemy of Germany in the Second World War, the enemy of the West in the "cold war". But the memory of the fallen in the fight against fascism, however, is kept carefully in the West. A completely different picture is in the countries of the former USSR and Eastern Europe, who are desperately trying to form a company for the West in the club of "civilized gentlemen and true gentlemen." Not realizing that having fallen into oblivion is a place in the clinic, and not in the society of decent people. Not understanding that on the principle of “Nothing holy” nothing eternal and durable can be built. No matter how puff and demolish.
The memory of the war cut out with brains
- Igor Chebykin
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