Military Review

The system of optical-electronic surveillance (ESR) border guard service of Ukraine

10
Modern devices that do not require rest, sleep and food, capable of working in cold and heat, in rain and snow, day and night. The world of high technology has reached the Ukrainian border guards. This was due to technical assistance from the US Department of Defense.


High-precision equipment was obtained as part of an international technical assistance project, which aims to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction, both on land and at sea.

The optical-electronic surveillance system replaced the eyes and ears of the Ukrainian border guards guarding the 170 kilometers stretch of the state border.

The system of optical-electronic surveillance (ESR) border guard service of Ukraine


The system consists of ten integrated towers located along the entire section of the Ukrainian-Moldovan border. The monitoring center is managed by one of the border detachments.



In villages and settlements there are command posts, where the on-line shift on-line receives a unified picture of everything that happens on their site.

Each tower is equipped with:

Radar EL / M-2129 ELTA installed on the 60 meter tower in a radio signboard fairing.



EL / M-2129 ELTA radar is a tactical system that detects ground and low-flying air targets and is used to gather operational information and prevent possible intrusion during daily service. Radar reliably works day and night in all weather conditions and on various types of terrain.

EL / M-2129 ELTA radar consists of:
transceiver antenna;
pedestal;
tactical computer unit or radar indicator unit.



Elements of the system
1- Transceiver antenna; 2 - Pedestal; 3 - Cable; 4 - TKB;
5 - Monitor; 6 - Keyboard; 7 - Headphones; 8 - Mouse; 9 - interface block

Tactical computer unit - is a computer installed in a container and containing specialized software for the radar. With the help of a tactical computer unit (TKB) is carried out telecommunications systems and user interface control. TKB is connected to the monitor and a standard keyboard and mouse. Radar control buttons are located on the keyboard.



Radar Indicator Block (BIR) - It is a specialized laptop in a hard case that can withstand harsh weather conditions and be deployed in the field. It includes a special keyboard for working with the user interface, a mouse and an 10.5-inch screen.



Performance characteristics



The radar allows you to set the scanning sector in which the target will be detected, and displays the data directly to the terrain map.

Using the radar operator can determine:
Location of the target
Type of target (person, group of persons, car, aircraft)
Direction of travel
Traveling speed



Electron-optical camera EOSS60 / 180S-DUTV



Performance characteristics



After the target is detected using the radar, the operator visually identifies the detected object using a video camera (by day) or a thermal imager (at night). It is possible to automatically point the camera to the point of detection of a target, fixing the entire identification process on a video server.

All the towers are interconnected into a single local network using broadband data transmission equipment Вreeze ACCESS VL 4900 at speeds up to 54 Mb / s.



With Breeze MAX ТDD 3300 Broadband Data Transmission Equipment carried out the binding of the rendered systems and sensors.



To cover the dead zones is used:

System MANV (low-format automatic terrestrial video receiver) is a hidden, autonomous system of monitoring and detecting the average range.

The system consists of a hidden surveillance camera located in the review area, which transmits the video signal wirelessly to the command center.

The maximum radius of view of the system (for recognition of a moving object - a person) is 1 km at night and 2,5 km during the day.

The system provides for manual or automatic scanning of the observed sector using the internal tilt mechanism. The monitoring station is fully remote controlled.



Main Features
Daytime observation (in color)
Night observation (thermal)
Remotely controlled without moving external parts
Automatic motion detection
High level of performance (masking, resistance to external conditions, low weight and size)
Long battery life (low power consumption)
Quick install
Wireless communication (communication range up to 20 km)
One operator can manage 32 stations
The ability to receive video from four stations simultaneously

Mobile Thermal Complex

In the car, on the 3 meter retractable mast, a camera with a 26-multiple optical zoom, a thermal imager and a laser rangefinder, a video transmission system wirelessly to the command center are installed.

Designed to detect people and vehicles at any time of day at a distance of 18 km. After deployment, it can work both offline (manual and automatic), and remotely controlled from the command center.










Maintenance MTK


Portable radar

EL / M-2129 ELTA radar is used to detect ground and low-flying air targets and is used to collect operational information and prevent possible intrusion while on a daily basis.
It is possible to work both offline with the output of information to a tactical computer and the transfer of information over the wireless data transmission channel to the command center.



Laser sensors

The laser detection sensor forms a rectilinear detection zone formed by a focused laser beam between the transceiver and the reflecting surface. The intersection of the beam causes the formation of the alarm signal. Which is wirelessly transmitted data is transmitted to the command center.



TECH SPECS:



Seismic sensors

It is intended to detect an intruder crossing the protected area by walking, running, crawling or using a vehicle, based on the analysis of seismic vibrations and issuing an alarm message.

Sensitive elements of the detector are installed directly into the ground, forming a hidden line of protection.



The sensitive element of the detector is a set of seismic sensors of the SD or SDG series.

The detector processing unit has two inputs for connecting sensitive elements, each of which supports up to twenty seismic sensors. Seismic sensors convert the ground vibration into an electrical signal, based on the results of the analysis of which the “Alarm” signal is generated. Which is wirelessly transmitted data is transmitted to the command center.

TECH SPECS



The entire system is mounted on the 60 - meter tower and in separate containers with autonomous heating, air conditioning and power.



Used materials:
http://video.glasweb.com/tv-and-programms/Mir-vyisokih-tehnologiy
Author:
10 comments
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  1. svp67
    svp67 20 June 2013 09: 47 New
    0
    "The Americans shared with Ukraine a piece of their Mexican border ..." wink
  2. zaazua
    zaazua 20 June 2013 09: 55 New
    0
    Well done Ukrainians!
    We saw how Israel works and decided to use it ourselves!
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 20 June 2013 11: 53 New
      0
      Quote: zaazua
      Well done Ukrainians!

      Well done will be when its Ukrainian goes to equipment.
      The impression is twofold. There is certainly nothing to be proud of ...
  3. misham
    misham 20 June 2013 10: 30 New
    +2
    All this is good. But our valiant border guards and customs officers will turn off all these little things for babosy or simply will not notice KAMAZ on land or a boat at sea. All these devices are intended for those who do not want to pay and fight against the peaceful border population (I don’t know what meat, lard, sugar, gas are being brought to Russia) people try to survive on beggarly salaries and pensions. At least Ben-Laden, at least the S-300, will be taken across the border for loot.
    In work, he is connected with the communication Kharkov-Belgorod. Everyone knows about the 10% tariff (you can pay on either side of the border)
  4. roial
    20 June 2013 10: 36 New
    -1
    Quote: misham
    In work, he is connected with the communication Kharkov-Belgorod. Everyone knows about the 10% tariff (you can pay on either side of the border)


    If at the border crossing they did not violate the border and customs rules, then they would not have to pay.
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 June 2013 10: 50 New
      0
      Quote: roial
      If at the border crossing they did not violate the border and customs rules, then they would not have to pay.


      In reality, everything is not as it really is ...

      Alas, the fact that money, using legal grounds, is simply extorted, that we cannot be challenged by customs officers and tax collectors ... and to confirm it, you just need to carry out at least a couple of operations with them.
  5. roial
    20 June 2013 11: 02 New
    -1
    I traveled, I saw, and I can confidently say that no one will knock you off dumb money if you have documents, of course, you can clearly articulate the purpose of the trip and where you are going, you do not bring goods in excess of the allowed, availability of money, etc.
    BUT if you want to speed up the process of crossing the border, you are carrying goods over the allowed period, you have expired in the country, you cannot formulate a goal and address where you are going, there are minor flaws in the documents, lack of money and other minor violations you will be ready to grow with some amount of money ( unless of course the border guards and customs officers have fulfilled the plan for the detention of violators)
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 June 2013 11: 11 New
      0
      Quote: roial
      BUT if you want to speed up the border crossing process,

      You are looking right at the root, since the speed of cargo movement is what determines profitability and it is PURCHASED by a certain monetary reward ... since the customs services have a LEGAL basis to hold your cargo, even if you do not violate anything.
  6. Akim
    Akim 20 June 2013 11: 17 New
    0
    Radar range - 12 km. "Fox" automatically tracks the target at any time of the day or year, in any weather conditions. The object is displayed on the liquid crystal display, at the same time its speed and range are determined. Thanks to the special platform, the LIS radar can be installed on any vehicle.
    Key Tactical Features
    1. Viewing area:
    - in azimuth - (- 60 - +60) 0, with the possibility of arbitrary sector reduction;
    - in range - (0 - 12) km, with the possibility of arbitrary selection of the field of view in this range.
    2. Full review time (1200, 12 km):
    - under normal conditions - 25 s;
    - in difficult jamming conditions (sandstorm, rain) - 50 s.
    3. Target detection range (radial speed - 2-50 km / h):
    - single person - 5,4 km (3,6 km in the conditions of sand storms or rain);
    - car, motor boat - 11,5 km (5,5 km in the conditions of sand storms or rain);
    - helicopter - 12 km (7 km in the conditions of sand storms or rain).
    4. Radar resolution:
    - Bearing - no worse than 20 in all modes;
    - in range - no worse than 200 m in viewing mode (100 m in conditions of an increased level of interference)
    and 25 m in recognition mode.
    5. Deployment time with full preparation for work - no more than 5 minutes.
    Main technical and operational characteristics
    1. Frequency 36 GHz;
    2. Transmitter power 0,2 W;
    3. The type of the emitted signal is continuous, with phase-code manipulation;
    4. The diameter of the aperture of the antenna 400 mm;
    5. Power supply from a direct current network 24 ± 5 ​​V (execution option -
    alternating current 110-250 V, 50-60 Hz);
    6. Power consumption no more than 60 W;
    7. Operating temperature range -30 ... + 600 C (-20 ... + 500С for remote display);
    8. Relative humidity at a temperature of 350C up to 98%;
    9. Wind speed up to 15 m / s;
    10. The mass of the equipment in the version with a stabilization platform is not more than 30 kg.
    1. roial
      20 June 2013 13: 00 New
      0
      Ordinary portable / transportable radar
      unlike radar "LIS"
      Radar EL / M-2129 ELTA has the ability to:
      scan not 360 degrees, but precisely that area that you need,
      information can be superimposed directly on a map of the area by which you can visually determine the location of the target and its coordinates
      in automatic mode, it is possible to select targets (you can set when it detects which targets it will display information on the screen)
      data transmission over a wireless channel over a considerable distance
      joint work of several radars per operator
      keeping a history of discovered targets
      automatic tracking of the target with the display on the map of the route of movement and speed
      set the "alarm zone" - the zone into which an audible alarm will be triggered when the target enters or exits
      keep a database of goals
      1. Akim
        Akim 20 June 2013 14: 45 New
        +1
        Quote: roial
        Ordinary portable / transportable radar

        I just inform that they appeared in service with the Ukrainian. How their system (border guards) is arranged and whether they are unknown to me. What will I climb for someone else's cabbage.

        Small-sized radar "Barsuk-A"
  7. misham
    misham 20 June 2013 11: 21 New
    0
    If you are officially driven, then paid taxes (VAT and duty) sleep well .....
    Only your goods will be more expensive than sold at Barabashovo (the largest market in Ukraine).

    All this electronic border protection is dust in the eyes of voters and sponsors from the European Union. All our VLADA is rotten. When they already get drunk. Who would overthrow her or something. We will meet the liberators with bread and salt and moonshine.
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 June 2013 12: 22 New
      0
      Quote: misham
      .Who would overthrow her or something. We will meet the liberators with bread and salt and moonshine.
      Are you sure of the sincerity of desire? and if the “FREEDOM” will in the mornings and evenings make you pray and fat, they will forbid you to moonshine, will you really be happy about this?
  8. biglow
    biglow 20 June 2013 14: 33 New
    -2
    there is no sense in these devices, for a pack of paper you can enter or withdraw anything to Ukraine. This is more of a technique for protecting the EU borders
    1. biglow
      biglow 20 June 2013 15: 43 New
      0
      which we minus in Ukraine in many electronic positions, for example, full double bass prevails. Who does not believe, check the laptop or phone for invoices, almost always the manufacturer has no data on such a delivery to Ukraine.
  9. OLDTODD
    OLDTODD 20 June 2013 16: 14 New
    0
    Hello everyone! I’m not a border guard, I don’t know for the technique, but their girls are cool in the fat with dumplings, toko toss in the way! wassat
    1. biglow
      biglow 20 June 2013 17: 10 New
      -3
      Quote: OLDTODD
      Hello everyone! I’m not a border guard, I don’t know for the technique, but their girls are cool in the fat with dumplings, toko toss in the way! wassat

      girls in Ukraine have always been good, work throughout Europe laughing
  10. svoboda1970
    svoboda1970 20 June 2013 16: 32 New
    0
    A note in the topic ...
  11. Algor73
    Algor73 20 June 2013 16: 36 New
    0
    If there is a technique, then something is already. And the fact that they take money is always “sheared”, there would be a reason. You might think that in Russia or Moldova everything is clean. Everywhere the same thing.
  12. slacker
    slacker 22 June 2013 21: 51 New
    0
    And on what piece of border is all this established?