Military Review

How many were Ukrainian rebel armies

61
How many were Ukrainian rebel armies



Now in almost all publications about the actions of Ukrainian nationalists during the war years there is an abbreviation OUN-UPA (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists - Ukrainian Insurgent Army).

This combination is already firmly established in the language and is uniquely associated with the names of Stepan Bandera and Roman Shukhevych. Modern svidomity talk about the need to rehabilitate this organization, opponents object to them. Sometimes it also comes to the SS division "Galicia" ("Galicia"). But somehow modestly, everything connected with the SS men is very odiously perceived.

Thus, it seems that three parties took part in the events described: the Germans, the Red Army and the UPA. However, in fact, everything was much more complicated. First, a huge number of armed formations operated in Western Ukraine. These were the Ukrainian nationalist OUN (b), OUN (m), the Legion of Ukrainian Nationalists (PIL) under the command of Roman Sushko, the Murava police unit, the Bukovinsky Kuren, the Volyn Legion of Self-Defense, the Polesye Sich, the Polish Craiova Army, the Soviet partisan detachments ... These units then fought against each other, then they formed temporary coalitions.

Secondly, there were two organizations with the same name - the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. Because of what a huge confusion arises. This is especially noticeable when modern Ukrainian historians, trying to launder the image of Bandera, prove the anti-fascist orientation of the OUN and show German documents that talk about clashes between the UPA and the Wehrmacht. Anti-fascists on such arguments is difficult to find an answer, because when the word UPA immediately before the eyes there is an acronym OUN-UPA.

This is the main trick - the UPA, which had friction with the Germans, has nothing to do with Bandera or Shukhevych.

This formation was created in the summer of 1941 in Polesie by Vasily Borovets, who used the pseudonym Taras Bulba, because often in historical literature he is referred to as Bulba-Borovets. Initially, Borovets units operated under the name of the District Police Command. From the first days of the German occupation, Bulba-Borovets managed to establish good relations with the Germans. The Germans were not against such an alliance, because the Bulbovs guaranteed them order in Polesie. The police were even renamed the "Polessky Sich" of the Ukrainian rebel army, and Borovets proclaimed himself its chieftain.


Taras Bulba-Borovets

Borovets had no relation to the OUN and, although it was a moderate Ukrainian nationalist, was guided not so much by fascist Germany as other leaders of the Ukrainian nationalists Melnik and Bandera, but by the so-called government of the UPR (Ukrainian People's Republic) in exile.

Unlike the OUN, who professed though a primitive but well-structured ideological system and dreamed of establishing their power over the country, the people of Borovets were a typical self-defense unit, whose members did not claim anything other than protecting their villages from any encroachment.

At the end of 1 9 4 1, the Germans demanded that the militia units be dismissed, which Borovets carried out, but the UPA went underground with the backbone of Poles'e Sich.


"Polesskaya Sich"

At this time, the Germans began to actively requisition food from the peasants and forcibly sent Volyn youths and girls to work in Hitler Germany. At the same time, the Germans often acted cruelly, which caused a response from the local population. In such conditions, separate units of the UPA went out of control of their chieftain and tried to protect the population from robberies. Borovets was well aware that if he and his Ukrainian insurgent army did not take action, a significant part of his people would simply run to the Soviet partisans.

Because Borovets turned a blind eye to the fact that his soldiers in several localities attacked the Germans, destroying several hundred Nazis. The first serious operation against the Germans was a raid on the Shepetivka railway station in August forty-two. In addition, Borovets held a series of negotiations with the Soviet partisans, concluding with them a truce, which lasted six months. But at the same time, negotiations were conducted with the German administration, which proposed to settle the misunderstandings and create police detachments from the UPA under the German command. However, these negotiations broke down.

So, during this period, Bandera had nothing to do with either the UPA or its actions during that period of time. Moreover, these were opposing groups that hated each other fiercely. With each month, the tension between Bandera and Bulbivs was growing. In the spring of 1942, occasional skirmishes between the UPA and the Nazis began. The OUN issued an anti-partisan leaflet in which the UPA shares were called sabotage. Relations were even more strained in the autumn of that year. It was at this time the opposition develops into armed clashes. At the beginning of 1943, several Bulbov detachments were disarmed by Bandera, and in the summer the war between the UPA and the OUN (b) reached its apotheosis.

The confrontation between the OUN and the UPA was not in favor of Borovets. His not very disciplined army, from five to six thousand former peasants, had to confront a clearly structured, fanatical and ruthless force, behind which stood all the power of the German army. In addition, the OUN went to the trick, creating a parallel structure with the same name - UPA. Initially, this structure was used as a means of discrediting Borovets, both in the eyes of the local population and in the eyes of the Germans. In September 1943, the Bulbovs headquarters was surrounded by Bandera and destroyed, and Bulba-Borovets himself surrendered to the Germans, preferring to sit in a German prison. The remnants of his people were either destroyed or joined the ranks of the winners. And under the name of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, Bandera began to act. Naturally, this UPA, headed by Roman Shukhevi, did not conflict with the Germans. Moreover, the Abwehr fully provided the nationalists weapons and ammunition. In addition, the required number of military instructors was allocated.

For maximum effectiveness, Shukhevych tried to give the UPA the appearance of a voluntary people's liberation army. In fact, the UPA was neither voluntary nor the people's liberation army - the “mobilization” in its ranks was violent. All those who resisted the "mobilization" in the UPA were killed without delay, often with the whole family. So that the fighters did not run away at the first opportunity, the recruits were forced to kill a Jew, a Pole, or something of a guilty Ukrainian gangster. And there was no way back for the "mobilized". Under the slogan of the national liberation struggle, the UPA staged an unprecedented massacre of civilians in the territories occupied by the Germans.



No wonder Taras Borovets in his “Open Letter to the OUN Wire of Bandera and the UPA Head Team” from September 24 of 1943 wrote: “Your“ power ”behaves not as people's revolutionary power, but as an ordinary gang ... You have already started a fratricidal struggle, since you do not want to fight together with all the Ukrainian working people for their liberation, today you are fighting only for power over them. Punching and shooting down Ukrainian peasants ... became your daily activities. ” In an article published in the Bul-Bov newspaper “Defense of Ukraine”, the same Bulba-Borovets wrote to the OUN: “Did there ever exist in Ukraine such a revolutionary organization that its own people would fear more than the most fierce enemy, I would not call members otherwise than “wayfarers” (from the words “choke with strings”) and “sookirniki” (from the word ax-sokira), which mordalized honest and conscious Ukrainians stronger than the Gestapo or the NKVD? .. What do they have in common with the liberation Ukrainian Bandera attempts already now subjugate the Ukrainian N The land masses of their party dictatorship and fascist ideology, which is opposed to the Ukrainian people, against whom the whole world is fighting ... I will allow myself to ask you: what are you fighting for? For Ukraine or for your OUN? For the Ukrainian State or a dictatorship in this state? For the Ukrainian people or only for their party? "

The last question is absolutely rhetorical. Bandera fought for the creation of a fascist type of state in which Ukrainian nationalists would have power over the Ukrainian people. Agree, such a desire is not at all a struggle for the independence of Ukraine.



Can cite another quote. The field commander of the Maidan, born and raised in Rovno, and then twice the Minister of the Interior in the orange governments, Yuriy Lu-tsenko, in 2002, told the following newspaper, Moskovsky Komsomolets in the Donbass:

“Before the war, about 1 or 400 thousands of people lived in the Rivne region. Now we are just approaching a million. The massacre in the war and post-war years was so incredible that the region has not yet restored its population. And the massacre was, let's say, versatile.

It was in the Rivne region that the UPA was created as a weapon to combat the Polish population. It should be understood that the majority of these people served as policemen, and then organized in the 1943 year, went to the UPA, and in their place came the Polish policemen. Accordingly, the struggle began. The Poles created the Army Craiova, too, in the Rivne region, and only then it went to the territory of Poland and fought there until the Warsaw Uprising.



Bandera in the early years of the war engaged in the Jews. We had about twenty percent of the population. In some regional centers, the Jews were up to 60%. They were destroyed in the first 2 of the year by praktichesko.vseh, except for those who managed to go into the partisan detachments of Medvedev, Fedorov, Kovpak - they all passed through our area. But besides Bandera engaged in the extermination of Melnik. These were people who also represented the OUN (Melikov's Wing) organization of the Ukrainian nationalists — approx. Ed. In addition, there were still Bulbashev formations, or rather Bulb'shshchv. They also mercilessly destroyed.
- Почему?
- It was an armed struggle for power in the party within the OUN. Bandera almost completely destroyed "Bulb'shshchv" and very seriously patted Melnik. Who was stronger, he pressed, And there were no political compromises, there was an armed struggle.

Why do we cut out the Poles? There is still a mystery for me why the atrocities on an ethnic basis reached such a heat when people were thrown into wells, cut out children, and shot whole villages on a national basis? This was the only case in Yugoslavia. At the Yugoslavs, children were gouged out and thrown into wells, and in ours. I don’t know such examples in Europe anymore. Probably something extremist in us. Maybe a long communication with Asia? We were under the Tatars for a long time, and they were under the Turks ...
- You want to say that the destruction of the Polish population was very seriously organized?
- Before Christmas 1943, the UPA fighters surrounded all Polish settlements in the Rivne and Volyn regions and killed everyone. How many, no one knows, the Poles believe that the bill goes to hundreds of thousands. Moreover, you understand, the frontier region, everyone spoke in a mixed language, it is difficult to move people away. But, nevertheless, there were purely Polish settlements. I read diaries and letters of both Bendera and Poles ... What I came across is amazing.



The first shootings of the Poles in 1941 were carried out by Bulbovs. Only the Germans entered, and Bandera and Bulbovites appeared. But "Bulbovtsy" were more active and the first to create armed forces in the forests. Entered into an alliance with the Germans, offered their services for the destruction of "Soviet partisan women in the Polish Basin", in our opinion, in the Pinsk swamps. There, on the border with Belarus, we had a completely red region with the active underground party regional committee, where the Germans could not enter. A newspaper was published, all partisan detachments stayed there for the night ... Marshes and marshes. The Germans could not punched there, only heavily bombed.

So, I was shocked by the story. The surviving child writes. He was 5 years old, and the Bulbovites came to the village. All Polish families were taken to the Maidan and under escort they were taken to the forest. People cried, turned to their guards, they say, we went to school together, our children played together, and where are you leading us ?! They replied that they simply ordered to bring you, and there would be nothing wrong. You will simply be evicted.

However, they were taken out to a forest clearing, and already another team began executions. There is a crowd of adults and children, and they in turn begin to stack on 50 in a row, face down, and 2 people go from the edges towards each other and shoot at their heads. And this kid, and there were three children with his mother, two more older sisters, looked at it all. My mother could not stand the nerves, she could not bear it any longer and said that she had to go die. The boy put under her. The nationalist who reached her shot her in the head, and blood and brains splashed her son’s head. Therefore, the one who came from the left flank decided that he was killed and did not shoot. The little boy did not go mad, 5 spent another hour under his mother, got out and survived ...

This is one small picture of what was happening then in the Rivne region. It was a circle. The whole Volyn was swept first by executions of Jews, then Poles, then fights between themselves, then battles between Bandera and the so-called “dough” - the NKVD exterminatory battalions, which entered the fight against Bandera. At least ten years the region burned. The fighting went on until 1952. There was a war, active somewhere before the 1947 of the year, then smaller, but it was going on. In fact, civil war. Because the stories about the NKVDiet with the Russian language with a Moscow accent are fiction. As a rule, Ukrainians and, as a rule, Western Ukrainians went to the fighter battalions. Therefore, it was a constant murderous war between his own. ”
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  1. FC SKIF
    FC SKIF 8 July 2013 07: 44 New
    22
    The history of the OUN is vicious, deceitful and bloody, and they are trying to make themselves look like burs for freedom. Sadistic clowns.
    1. O_RUS
      O_RUS 11 July 2013 22: 32 New
      0
      Quote: FC Skiff
      they are trying to make themselves look like burs for freedom


      ... alas ... what should they try .... they are national heroes in Ukraine
  2. washi
    washi 8 July 2013 07: 46 New
    12
    Since then, nothing has changed. Again, everything is against everyone. Left to grab a weapon
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 8 July 2013 08: 35 New
      12
      Thanks to the author!
      Having read about Kovpak, I couldn’t understand in any way who were the Melnik and Bulbashevites ??
      The article made it clear!
  3. biglow
    biglow 8 July 2013 09: 22 New
    10
    all of them are executioners of their people, as if these scum were not called
  4. Net
    Net 8 July 2013 09: 24 New
    11
    Honestly, there is little point in understanding the intricacies of relations between different currents of the same criminals.
    Borovets had no relation to the OUN and, although it was a moderate Ukrainian nationalist, was guided not so much by fascist Germany as other leaders of the Ukrainian nationalists Melnik and Bandera, but by the so-called government of the UPR (Ukrainian People's Republic) in exile.

    But what is the UPR? And the UPR is an independent formation self-proclaimed by the leadership of the UPR in 1918. That is, a bunch of bastards decided for millions of people, for the most part not having anything to do with their pseudo-Ukrainian ideas.
    1. dominatus
      dominatus 10 July 2013 15: 46 New
      0
      Indeed - a bunch of bastards on November 7, 1917 in Moscow staged a coup.
      This bunch of bastards sent to Kiev the punitive corps of Muravyov.
      Even now, a bunch of bastards think that Ukraine is an integral part of Russia.
      And some of these bastards decided that Ukrainians as a nation did not exist at all, decided for millions of people what ideas they had and what they had nothing to do with.


      UNR was proclaimed III Universal Central Rada.
      CENTRAL RADA - since March 1917, the representative body of Ukrainian political, social, cultural and professional organizations; since April 1917, after the All-Ukrainian National Congress - the legislative body of Ukraine (parliament).
      1. dualnik
        dualnik 31 July 2013 14: 41 New
        0
        Lviv? Or nearby? DMB 92. Served with the Ukrainians during the collapse of the Union. Very similar speeches. Damn, listen to such comrades, you can’t find a worse Russian. The most terrible oppressors since the creation of the world.
  5. Egen
    Egen 8 July 2013 10: 30 New
    +7
    "that they have an order to just bring you"

    - That's it, "it's not me, I just finished it ..." It was necessary to wet them all ... and since now the wave is rising, it means that many have not been soaked :(
  6. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 8 July 2013 10: 38 New
    +4
    Informative article, thanks to the author.
  7. pensioner
    pensioner 8 July 2013 10: 39 New
    +9
    That's disgusting! And THIS can be proud of ???
  8. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 8 July 2013 11: 58 New
    +7
    Yes, modern Ukraine has chosen a glorious role model, rapists, murderers, degenerates, all sorts of scum that the Germans did not even consider people to be so USEFUL CATTLE. Look at the photos of the so-called “leaders” of the UPA and other OUN like Bandera or Shukhevych, so few that which is moral, but also turns out to be physical. There is no better Ukraine with such “heroes” in the European Union joins them there.
    1. Sevastopol
      Sevastopol 8 July 2013 12: 59 New
      +8
      about the EU - initially a myth designed exclusively for naive fools-voters who all live in the hope that "the Germans will come, they will build everything and then we will live."
      there was not even a theoretical chance, and there isn’t, that Ukraine will join the EU. purely political idle talk, aimed only at slowing down integration with Russia.

      and not such fools in Europe. Why do they need a multimillion-dollar army of unskilled workers who do not know English, prone to theft, swindling and sloppiness?

      Europeans trust Turks and Arabs more - they are even predictable.
      1. imperial 3
        imperial 3 20 July 2013 20: 25 New
        0
        you are wrong Ukrainians are very hardworking people
    2. Dimka off
      Dimka off 8 July 2013 15: 44 New
      +9
      it’s more correct to say that the modern Ukrainian government makes heroes out of bandits. And naturally, little by little, he fools people. In some regions already oh how many fools. Sober residents of Ukraine for an alliance with Russia and do not want to geyropu.
    3. Apologet.Ru
      Apologet.Ru 8 July 2013 16: 23 New
      +6
      Yes, modern Ukraine has chosen a glorious role model, rapists, murderers, degenerates, all sorts of scum that the Germans did not even consider people to be, so USEFUL CATTLE


  9. Sevastopol
    Sevastopol 8 July 2013 12: 48 New
    10
    And now these mresies in Western Ukraine are exposed as heroes. Although it is possible that those who glorify them now lost their relatives precisely through their fault.
    These are the "values" in Ukraine instill. By and large, this concerns not only the western part of the country, but more. including Kiev, almost the entire center and north of the country.
  10. morpogr
    morpogr 8 July 2013 13: 38 New
    +4
    Thanks very much. Now I’m even more beginning to understand why Ukraine is so divided and cannot become one.
  11. RoTTor
    RoTTor 8 July 2013 14: 49 New
    +8
    It would be worthwhile simply to publish the UPA documents from the Rivne State Archive about how the Germans armed the "freedom fighters" and their reports on "actions". It is only unlikely that this archive after 1991 remained accessible or not destroyed by the current "patriots".
    1. pensioner
      pensioner 8 July 2013 18: 19 New
      +3
      Quote: RoTTor
      It is only unlikely that this archive after 1991 remained accessible or not destroyed by the current "patriots".

      You underestimate the Soviet archival system !! There are copies in any way in Moscow and Kiev. In the form of photocopies.
  12. Daduda
    Daduda 8 July 2013 14: 52 New
    +5
    I don’t understand shit varieties.
  13. antonio
    antonio 8 July 2013 15: 20 New
    +2
    That history did not give them a deadline to exterminate each other to the end, and no one would be proud of the exploits of these scum
  14. survivor
    survivor 8 July 2013 15: 38 New
    +4
    yeah, and say something not what. where the central government is weakening, everyone creeps out and tries to pick up at least some thread of a part of the country. In principle, we all observed this process in Belovezhskaya Pushcha.
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. Day 11
    Day 11 8 July 2013 16: 10 New
    +4
    Article plus. We, too, many confuse the ROA (Vlasovites) and RONA (Kaminsky). Each of them had their own goals, but ALL fought with the Nazis shoulder to shoulder!
  17. Day 11
    Day 11 8 July 2013 16: 17 New
    +3
    Maybe not the topic, but also an interesting document
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 8 July 2013 16: 38 New
      0
      Ukrainian volunteers
    2. MG42
      MG42 9 July 2013 02: 35 New
      +1
      Quote: Den 11
      Maybe not the topic, but also an interesting document

      It is printed in a Polish printing house ..
  18. Day 11
    Day 11 8 July 2013 16: 35 New
    +2
    Here is the patch of the Ukrainian military formation YBB and other Ukrainian Volunteers
  19. washi
    washi 8 July 2013 17: 06 New
    +1
    If Nazism is banned in the European Union, then how did our Baltic countries get there and want to get Okraina
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 8 July 2013 17: 22 New
      0
      Eh Vasya, Vasya --- politics, her mother!
    2. Algor73
      Algor73 8 July 2013 19: 19 New
      -3
      Minus you for the "Outskirts". There is no such state. If you do not respect those who support the OUN-UPA, then this is not Ukraine. 95 percent of Ukrainians are also against the OUN-UPA and they live in UKRAINE. And so the article is competent.
      1. Sochi
        Sochi 8 July 2013 20: 07 New
        +3
        Outskirts or Malorosia was so called in all normal times ... The Austro-Hungarians called it Ukraine, and the Bolsheviks seized it. Therefore, he is absolutely right. And it’s not a secret for anyone that the national costume of the citizens of Okraintsev is called - LITTLE FUR
      2. washi
        washi 12 July 2013 16: 24 New
        0
        Outskirts - this is the name of your "state" After the raids of nomads, and not only, this territory was called the Wild Field. Then it became the outskirts (i.e. the border) of several states.
        You can write and voice in different ways. But there is only one sense: Border.
        That's whose border you want to be - your decision. But an independent state can never. Look at Poland. Speech of the Commonwealth: this is the unification of Polish tribes and the Russian state of Lithuania. That Psheki, that the Balts are disengaging from Russia, but the more they try to distance themselves, the larger the city
    3. MG42
      MG42 9 July 2013 02: 33 New
      +3
      Quote: Vasya
      If Nazism is banned in the European Union, then how did our Baltic countries get there and want to get Okraina

      The party "freedom" the European Natsik expelled from the union of the ultra-right ..
      The Alliance of European National Movements, which includes the main nationally oriented and nationalist movements and parties of Western Europe, expelled VO “Freedom” from its membership, said the president of the European Center for Geopolitical Analysis, former deputy of the Polish Sejm Mateusz Piskorski. “VO“ Freedom ”differs from the right-wing forces of Western Europe in direct, directly related to the Nazi ideology, slogans,” he commented


      http://www.iarex.ru/interviews/32977.html
  20. Day 11
    Day 11 8 July 2013 17: 31 New
    +1
    Commander of the Ukrainian National Army Coronet-General Pavlo Shandruk
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 8 July 2013 17: 44 New
      0
      Ukrainian lovers of WWII history --- what kind of award? Who knows?
      1. bagpipe
        bagpipe 1 August 2013 00: 01 New
        0
        Order of Simon Petliura
        http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Орден_Симона_Петлюры
  21. Day 11
    Day 11 8 July 2013 17: 36 New
    0
    Everything is clear without translation
  22. Day 11
    Day 11 8 July 2013 17: 53 New
    0
    Here he is Taras Bulba-Borovets. Draw your own conclusions
    1. dominatus
      dominatus 10 July 2013 18: 49 New
      -4
      Well, what conclusion did you draw?

      This uniform and insignia have no relation to the Wehrmacht, Luftwaffe or SS.
      The insignia is clearly homemade, the jacket is trophy.
      There is no voentorg in the forest. And UPA was not supplied with aircraft.
      You would look at the photos of the Soviet partisans - many were dressed in trophy uniforms, and some even retained the insignia.

      You minus - the comment you brought to the photo, a clear provocation.
      If you were a little smarter - you would read the comment under the photo:
      "T. Borovets in the form of a general cornet with edged tridents in the buttonholes of the collar 1942"

      You hinted at a connection with the Germans - for your information, all collaborators who fought in German formations wore the GERMAN uniform and GERMAN insignia.
      1. washi
        washi 12 July 2013 16: 34 New
        0
        Vlasovites were not allowed on the Soviet front.
        And it was the Vlasovites who liberated Prague from the Nazis.
        There are still disputes over Vlasov. But about the nationalists of Poland, Outskirts, the Baltic states, Hungary - there are no disputes
    2. bagpipe
      bagpipe 1 August 2013 00: 03 New
      0
      and you read his book "Army without Power" -I'm sure, look at many things differently. There is the story of Polesie without Marxism and other types of elderberry
  23. Sochi
    Sochi 8 July 2013 20: 16 New
    +1
    Yes, our fathers and grandfathers are enemies. The war with us was to destroy, and we were satisfied with the defeat of the enemy, and not his death ...
  24. Mikhail
    Mikhail 8 July 2013 21: 11 New
    +2
    Quote: Sochi
    Outskirts or Malorosia was so called in all normal times ... The Austro-Hungarians called it Ukraine, and the Bolsheviks seized it. Therefore, he is absolutely right. And it’s not a secret for anyone that the national costume of the citizens of Okraintsev is called - LITTLE FUR


    You're right. Ukraine - the outskirts, the borderlands between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Russian kingdom (both before 1654 and the last), were called in Polish. Incidentally, the Poles do not hide this even now.
    Indeed, the Bolsheviks did everything to seize the name of Little Russia from the map of the Russian World. This is a question of whose interests Lenin spoke ... During the Soviet era, the names "Ukraine" and "Ukrainian" were strongly grafted into societies and for many lost their negative outlook.
    But the correct name of our region is Little Russia; otherwise it turns out a paradox: Great Russia is, and Little Russia is not. (Incidentally, there is Lesser Poland (Krakow) and Greater Poland (Warsaw), and these are official terms in Polandѣ).
    It is funny that "nationally svіdomі" react to malorosov, like a bull to a red rag. This can be compared here: what do you call a Jew a Jew, but he is angry and says to you: "Don’t dare insult me! I’m not a Jew, I’m w-and-d-d!" Absurdity? For Jews, it’s definitely absurd. But now, for us Russians, this absurdity after 1917 became life.
  25. Mikhail
    Mikhail 8 July 2013 21: 22 New
    +1
    A year ago, I was walking along Liberty Avenue in Lviv and in the window of a bookstore I saw an exhibited book, on the cover of which was written: "Divisiya Galichina".
    For some reason, the compilers of the book modestly missed two letters before the name of the "glorious" division.

    The article is very good. It is necessary to expose the lie that the OUN-UPA allegedly fought with the Germans. It is necessary to publish monographs on these “valiant” warriors so that many inhabitants of Chervonnaya Rus (aka Galichina) open their eyes to the atrocities of these Hitlerite (the last American war) kholuev. It is especially necessary to emphasize the ranks of the nationalists in relation to the local Galician and Volyn populations, so that there are no illusions about the struggle for popular interests, supposedly exclusively against the L.H.W.W. m.s.c.a.a..l..e.
  26. bublic82009
    bublic82009 8 July 2013 23: 44 New
    +1
    With this article they want to justify all these atrocities. Lutsenko does not understand the atrocities of his grandfathers against other peoples living in Bukovina. all are fighting against all such a pier was the situation. how so the Nazis killed any partisan commander, and here the commander Bulbu-Borovets was only sent to prison, as was Bandera. not weird? how could that be? for the murder in the rear of a German soldier or officer, 10-40 Russians, Ukrainian, Belarusian, and even villages were executed. and here with the Germans, such as hundreds of clashes, only a prison. perhaps the attacks were not carried out on Wehrmacht soldiers, but on similar units. the fascist principle of inciting and conquering was in action.
  27. cap-blood
    cap-blood 8 July 2013 23: 56 New
    +3
    Guys! Great article and great comments, and that’s all! Question: who, then, clammed them all up rather not weakly? And .., do you recognize the handwriting: quietly, quietly? So here they are - new Bandera! They face facts, and they stupidly bend their own, but there are no real arguments, just as there is no culture of communication and disputation, and so they will pass in silence. But in general, when people ignore cause-effect relationships, facts and logic, forgetting about such a thing as honor, conscience and common sense, then this, apparently, is a diagnosis, some kind of generation is deduced ... I wanted to write "in Ukraine", but then I remembered that there were enough of them around the world. And this is very sad! ..
  28. Day 11
    Day 11 9 July 2013 00: 11 New
    0
    Comrades Ukrainians-in general, translate
    1. MG42
      MG42 9 July 2013 02: 30 New
      +3
      Quote: Den 11
      Comrades Ukrainians-in general, translate

      What is interesting in the newspaper "Ukrainian Volunteer"? The propaganda is continuous .. no
    2. Mikhail
      Mikhail 9 July 2013 16: 17 New
      0
      On bagnet it’s clearer than the sun of quitna, / graє, wigrava in the far blue. - On shtakah the bright sun shines, / plays, plays enough in the distance blue.

      We can help the coulemeters and the important harmonies become the sound of the commune. - We can help the machine guns and heavy guns defeat the Stalinist commune.

      It is perekreslimo Pereyaslavsku please. - Cross out the Pereyaslav agreement.

      The rest of the headings, I think, are understandable.

      Sorry, the main text of the newspaper is not readable (too small). If you find more, I’ll translate.
      1. Day 11
        Day 11 9 July 2013 17: 16 New
        +1
        Thank you! We will find larger
      2. Day 11
        Day 11 9 July 2013 17: 40 New
        +1
        Guys, let's raise the topic about the GSS that have sided with the Hans. It seems to me that for many these are unknown pages ...
      3. washi
        washi 12 July 2013 16: 41 New
        0
        Sorry for the idiots. They asked you - you transferred.
        Unfortunately, very few people who think and know about the site are left.
        Unfortunately, a general dullness is felt.
        Even among the generals and marshals there are stupidly stubborn, what to speak of youth.
        Sorry again
  29. Nevyatoy
    Nevyatoy 9 July 2013 02: 02 New
    +3
    I think that the problem is that in Ukraine there is not and was not the backbone on which the history of an independent state is built. Therefore, in one part of the country, parades on May 9th in another parades of veterans of Galicia and SS.
    I respect the brothers of Ukrainians, but to be honest I’m not sure that Ukraine has a history that could be fully considered the history of one indivisible nation. Eastern Ukraine has its own history, western has its own, and Crimea, to be honest, generally has a purely Russian history which, even with a great desire, cannot be tied to the history of the independent state of Ukraine.
    And the thing is most likely that one very important word has begun to be forgotten from which it is denied in Ukraine and which is neglected in the Russian Federation - this is the word RUS.
    By the way, the question of how to write "to Ukraine" or "to Ukraine" has still not been resolved.
    Since 2011, the Russian Embassy is officially called the "Embassy of the Russian Federation AT Ukraine "although until 2011 there was an" Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ukraine. "Have priorities changed?
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 9 July 2013 17: 51 New
      0
      Is this true?
      "Since 2011, the Russian Embassy is officially called the" Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ukraine "although until 2011 it was the" Embassy of the Russian Federation in Ukraine ""
  30. Day 11
    Day 11 9 July 2013 17: 57 New
    +1
    Comrades-Ukrainians! How do you like it (a song of Ukrainian volunteers in the Wehrmacht)? My Kohana,
    Yak dovgo bula ty u snі!
    Zrobili iz from you
    The Kremlin Katy Navisny.

    In Moscow, near the best cat
    Wine and rose boules,
    And our zmarnіlі dіvchata
    P_d prisons share of cursed.

    Gay, listen to the little people Stalin,
    Sweat in the sea!
    Ti mrієsh us poverty and dalі?
    Dog, don't see us!

    For the chorni godini rozpuki,
    I’m in tune with Nenko’s
    For all Katuvannya and flour
    Pay my land!

    I do not help strangers
    English curses and Jew.
    Before revenge, brother Ukrainian,
    Before revenge, the great narod
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 9 July 2013 19: 06 New
      +1
      And why immediately minus? Justify! Not true?
      1. Mikhail
        Mikhail 9 July 2013 19: 30 New
        0
        All is true. Pѣsenka - creation of the third-class riѳmoplet. Such a p достаточноsenok for raising the morale of the bandits, they have compiled enough. Only the truth in them is not a penny.
        The threats to Stalin are simply smyshnny.
        Whatever they were heroes - so this is a murder unarmed.
        1. bagpipe
          bagpipe 1 August 2013 00: 14 New
          0
          dear, you probably studied history on the Marxists-Leninists. No offense, but talking about the topic with other people's words, especially with propaganda - a profanity.
    2. dominatus
      dominatus 10 July 2013 16: 04 New
      -3
      And what is not true in the lyrics?



      Quote: Den 11
      In Moscow, near the best cat
      Wine and rose boules,
      And our zmarnіlі dіvchata
      P_d prisons share of cursed.


      Want to say it's a lie? That millions of starvation lies. What tens of thousands of tortured in the Gulag - a lie?
      Why don’t you remember that in 1939, just a few days after the Red Army entered Western Ukraine, mass arrests began, don’t you remember the executions?
      1. washi
        washi 12 July 2013 16: 48 New
        0
        All is true. Nearly. Who starved? Moscow? On the contrary, they sent grain at the expense of their own. In 1939, the Poles and Jews began to be evicted. So they, after the entry of Ukrainians into Lviv, should thank the Soviet authorities thanks. Because only they survived
  31. Mikhail
    Mikhail 9 July 2013 19: 47 New
    +1
    Here is the translation of the pennies (forgive me for being clumsy and bezless).

    My beloved Ukraine,
    How long have you been in a dream!
    They ruined you
    Kremlin executioners in the spring.

    Moscow at the biggest executioner
    Wine and luxury were
    And our emaciated girls
    Under the prisons cursed fate.

    Hey listen Stalin
    You’ll drown in the sea of ​​fire!
    Do you dream of destroying us further?
    Dog, you won’t kill us!

    For the black hours of hopelessness
    Mother’s tear
    For all torture and torment
    Pay back my country!


    And strangers will not help -
    Englishman damned and Jew.
    Revenge, brothers Ukrainians,
    To revenge, great people.

    Sorry, the translation is not poetic.

    There is a lot to Paos, but what can he eat only if he is built on a lie.
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 9 July 2013 20: 00 New
      +1
      Michael, where can I download such a program to communicate in true Russian? If you have such an opportunity, skinte. I will be grateful!
      1. dominatus
        dominatus 10 July 2013 16: 14 New
        -2
        But truly Russian, for you, what is it? Glagolitic, old - Slavic, the one that was reformed by Peter 1 and used in the Russian Empire?
        1. washi
          washi 12 July 2013 16: 50 New
          0
          Novgorod letters. Then Kiev did not even have plans
    2. dominatus
      dominatus 10 July 2013 16: 12 New
      0
      What exactly is a lie?
      Do you want to say that in 1932 - 1933, when millions were starving in the Kremlin, they were starving?
      Do you want to say that thousands found in the Bykovnyansky forest (the outskirts of Kiev, the remains were not shot by the executioners from the NKVD but committed suicide by shooting themselves in the back of the head?

      Knowledge of revolutionary grammar does not yet confirm the presence of mind.
      1. Mikhail
        Mikhail 10 July 2013 23: 30 New
        0
        Do not you get a fucking sound? .. You, I bach, have a rose of whistє. You don’t want to roam with you.
        1. dominatus
          dominatus 10 July 2013 23: 48 New
          -1
          But in fact you can say something. So what's the lie?
      2. washi
        washi 12 July 2013 16: 57 New
        0
        Do you know the story well?
        To start. Who, where and how did he manage the territory under the name of Ukraine from 1911 to 1939?
        And here is Moscow? And what about Stalin?
        Stalin (let him be a Caucasian) NEVER owned the entire power.
  32. xomaNN
    xomaNN 10 July 2013 17: 41 New
    +1
    Unfortunately, the last UPA in Ukraine are now aggressively raising their heads. And they do not need an objective story at all, they, as in the Hitler Youth, only have zombie installations in use. For the rest, at least the population would be interested to know the story without embellishment and distortion.
  33. bagpipe
    bagpipe 14 July 2013 21: 51 New
    0
    the material is so-so. along with generally available facts, the author has submitted a lot of fictional and mythical.
    Among the most unlikely and implausible conjectures of the author offhand, we can distinguish the following:
    - Bulba Borovets was actually called Taras and not Vasily, as the author of the material wrote, grew up in a Petliur family and engaged in nationalist activities from the 30s, long before the start of the war. Since 1941, he, in agreement with the German administration, created self-defense units in Rivne Polesie, the purpose of which was self-defense from those several thousand NKVDsts who were surrounded by the Pripyat swamps and lived due to the robbery of the local population. The break with the Germans occurred due to the refusal to participate in anti-Jewish actions in the Olevsk region at the end of 1941. Borovets’s refusal on the grounds that “Polesskaya Sich” is a Ukrainian formation and is not under the jurisdiction of the German authorities. By the end of 1941 Borovets dissolved his formations and, with a small detachment, continued to fight the remnants of the NKVDists. In 1942, Borovets began a confrontation with German occupation units. Borovets did not have direct clashes with Medvedev. By the way, the Medvedevites were by no means “red partisans” but the NKVD diversionary detachment, and did not enjoy any support from the local population. Just sabotage and cover for saboteur and terrorist Kuznetsov. Borovets’s detachments have nothing to do with the Volyn massacre — the destruction of the Poles — by that time they simply did not exist as any tactical unit. So the “memories” of the surviving 5-year-old boy are more of a myth, like the author’s words about hundreds of thousands of fallen Poles.
    By the way, Polish settlements in Volyn appeared in large numbers after the victory of the Soviet - Polish war for Poland. The authorities massively chopped the land to war veterans with the Bolsheviks in the "wicked chairs". The main population of these villages were just combatants, so there is no need to talk about Poles as harmless victims. For those who are interested, this can easily be checked - to compare Schubert cards, for example 21_5 (three-page layout) with the Polish P45_S44 1926 edition. and then look at google pictures. The disappeared settlements of the Poles are not a direct result of head-on skirmishes, I don’t know how in other regions, but it was in the Ludwipol district that the UPA gave the Poles 48 hours to leave the land. As a rule, the Poles left the convoy to Poland. Near Ludwipol there was a large village of Zastawie (111 huts), which I have been researching from archival materials and from conversations of the local population (old people) and with a metal detector for more than 5 years. So, there no one heard about any massacre and about a head-on attack with numerous victims, too. Yes, there were serious skirmishes (rolls in Polish) there were mass casualties, but when we talk about the "massacre" in Polesie, we first recall the events of 41g, the robbery and robbery of the NKVDstov (encirclement), and from 44 - the second coming of the Soviets with repression and lawlessness. An interesting fact - initially there were few chances in the UPA war in Volhynia - in terms of tactical training and age qualification, the patriots were far behind opponents - both the NKVDstam and the Germans with the Magyars and the Craiova Army. For the bagpipe, the war began on September 1, 1939. - it is precisely known that among the defenders of Westerplatte there were guys from Volyn and Polesye, and with the defeat of the Polish army, those who survived fell into German camps and the camps of their "allies" - Soviets. The most combat-ready part of the Volyn population was destroyed by the Germans in military operations, and those who served in the eastern garrisons - advice in Katyn. But that's another story.
    Speaking about the Ukrainian resistance, it is important to understand the origins and meaning of this movement. Blurring like "they shot in the backs of our miners" is a profanity.