Development: OJSC "Aviation complex to them. S.V. Ilyushin ", Russia. Production: Aviastar-SP CJSC, Russia
The Il-76MD-90А heavy military transport aircraft is a deeply modernized version of the well-proven IL-76MD aircraft.
It is intended for interregional transportation of troops, heavy large-size equipment and cargo, as well as the landing of personnel, equipment and cargo by parachute and landing method.
The plane transports the entire list of weapons and military equipment used by the Russian airborne troops. Also IL-76MD-90А can be used for the transportation of sick and wounded and extinguishing areal fires.
The production of this remarkable aircraft, the unsurpassed leader in the 40-50 tonnage capacity class, was moved from Uzbekistan (Tashkent, TAPOiCH) to Russia (Ulyanovsk, Aviastar).
In the course of work on the modernization program of the UAC-TS (UAC-Transport Aircraft), the current requirements of the main customer, the Ministry of Defense of Russia and other potential customers, were assessed. Changes in the modernized IL-76MD-90А affected both the on-board equipment and systems, and product design.
Maximum load increased to 52 tons (48 on IL-76MD). The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is up to 210 tons (190). The aircraft is a high-wing monoplane with a high wing layout with four engines mounted on the pylons on the wing, a T-shaped tail assembly and a five-post landing gear scheme.
In the rear part of the fuselage there is a cargo hatch with a ramp for loading and unloading cargo and equipment and landing.
The new flight-navigation complex, the automatic control system, the communication complex and the “glass” cabin meet all modern requirements for aircraft avionics and significantly increase flight safety, accuracy of navigation and airborne landing.
Replacing the standard D-30KP2 engines with significantly more modern PS-90А-76, installing a modified wing and a reinforced chassis greatly expands the operational capabilities of the aircraft.
The aircraft can take off and land on ground (with soil density up to 7,5 kg / cm2) and concrete airfields with altitudes from minus 300 to 3000 m above sea level, and fly at any time of day over land and water.
The main design features of the aircraft IL-76MD-90A
Installed engines PS-90A-76;
New wing - apply lengthy panels;
The fuel system is being finalized under the new wing;
The dome-III-76М aiming and navigation piloting complex is installed with on-screen display;
Digital SAU-76 is installed;
A complex KSE-KN-76 electronic display and alarm system is installed with the 8 MFI, which provides an indication of the parameters of the aircraft systems, flight and navigation parameters and SAU-76;
Aircraft systems are being developed to install the PS-90А-76 engine and provide indication and control;
Installed VSU TA-12А.
The installation of the fourth-generation PS-90А-76 engines makes it possible to significantly increase the operational efficiency of the aircraft due to:
reduction of specific fuel consumption by 12%,
increase the flight range by 18%
reduce direct operating costs
the possibility of operation from high-altitude airfields and in conditions of high temperatures,
Compliance with noise levels and emissions of modern ICAO standards.
Cockpit and flight-navigation complex
The plane is implemented the principle of "glass" cockpit. In the cockpit there are eight multifunctional LCD displays and three intelligent control panels.
Glazing cockpit provides a good overview of the jobs of pilots and navigator.
The aircraft is installed flight control and navigation complex "Dome-III-76M" provides a solution for navigation, and is designed to:
support of work with the navigation data bases, including the global one: when preparing a flight plan, while en route, when maneuvering in the aerodrome area and landing approach (SID / STAR, APPR);
automation of solving navigation problems with the provision of automated flight along a programmed trajectory using autonomous and non-autonomous means of correction;
ensure the prevention of aircraft collisions in the air;
automatic landing approach in category II at aerodromes, equipped with landing facilities corresponding to category II of the ICAO;
detection, recognition using weather radar and displaying the navigation situation of meteorological formations in horizontal and vertical sections on a comprehensive indicator, including four-color indication of precipitation intensity and presence of turbulence in accordance with ARINC-708A recommendations, detection of mountain peaks, large cities, detection of oncoming aircraft by the passive method , detection and maintenance of RLMO, ensuring the mode of inter-flight navigation;
provide automated control of the complex on the ground and in flight.
Airborne transport equipment is installed, allowing the aircraft to be used in the following conditions:
for the transport of personnel;
for parachuting paratroopers paratroopers;
for transportation of goods, equipment, universal sea and air containers and pallets;
for parachute landing of cargo and equipment on platforms;
for non-parachute discharge of cargo from low altitudes.
Cargo and equipment are loaded through the cargo hatch with the help of side winches and electric hoists.
Two winches allow you to load non-propelled wheeled vehicles with maximum effort on the cable of each winch 3000 kgf. Winches are electric and manual drives. Four telphers can be loaded single cargo weighing up to 10 t.
The cargo compartment has a ramp, which during loading and unloading can be installed in a horizontal or any other necessary position.
If necessary, loads weighing up to 30 t can be lifted into the cargo compartment ramp.
For loading tracked and wheeled vehicles, as well as platforms on the ramp, four subtrailers are mounted, ensuring smooth entry of vehicles onto the ramp.
Four roller tracks with a monorail are installed on the floor of the cargo compartment and ramps in two versions: in special niches for the landing of platforms; on beams for transportation of aviation containers and pallets.
For transportation of people in the cargo cabin of the aircraft there are side seats and removable center seats are installed. In the single-deck version (with central seats), 145 troops or 126 paratroopers are transported. In a double-decker version to 225 military personnel.
The aircraft is equipped with a cargo discharge system, which allows single and serial landing of platforms with loads and equipment.
In addition, in the cargo cabin of the aircraft can be installed equipment that allows:
transport up to 114 wounded and medical personnel;
carry out intensive therapy until 20 is seriously injured;
IL-76MD-90A made the first demonstration flight of 4 on October 2012 of the year. The flight prototype went up to the sky from the runway of the flight test complex of the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airport under the control of the crew consisting of: test pilot, commander of the Hero of Russia Nikolai Kuimov, co-pilot of the honored test pilot Russia Vladimir Irirarkhov, navigator Valery Grechko, flight engineer Alexei Zhuravlev, boarding engineer Sergei Orlov, lead flight test engineer Vladimir Lysyagin, board electrician Alexander Tsvetkov, flight operator Alexei Mitin.
Currently, OAK-TS implements the State contract for the manufacture and supply of 39 military transport aircraft IL-76MD-90А for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
From the moment of its adoption to the present day, the Il-76 is the main heavy military transport aircraft of the Russian Air Force. Over the decades of successful operation, more than 950 aircraft of various modifications of military, civil and special purpose were built.
Basic flight performance
General geometric data
Aircraft Length m 46,60
The height of the aircraft in the parking lot, m 14,76
Wingspan, m 50,50
Wing area (trapezium), m2 300,0
Track chassis (on external wheels), m 8,16
Diameter of midsection, m 4,8
Characteristics of the turbojet PS-90А-76 turbojet engine
Number of 4 engines
The degree of bypass 4,4
maximum mode 14500
16000 Maximum Elevated Mode
cruise mode 3300
reverse thrust (reverse) mode 3600
Compliance with ICAO regulations p.16, Ch.IV
Specific fuel consumption during cruising, kg / kgf h 0,59
Maximum take-off weight, tons 210
Maximum load, t 52
Total capacity of fuel tanks, l 109500
Flight speed, km / h 750 ... 800
Flight distance, km
with a load of 52 tons of 5000
under load 20 tons 8500
Flight height, m 12100
Takeoff run, m 1540
Required take-off distance on the runway, m 1700
Length of run with the use of reverse thrust engines, m 960
Landing height, m
300 ... 4000 technology
paratroopers to 8000
Speed during parachute landing, km / h
260 ... 400 technology
paratroopers 220 ... 400
Number of places
Transportation of military personnel:
personnel / when installing the second deck 145 / 225
affected by the installation of 114 sanitary equipment
Cargo Cabin Dimensions
Length with ramp, m 24,54
Width, m 3,45
Height, m 3,40
Cargo Cabin Volume, m3 321
Calendar, years 30
Number of landings 10000
The number of flight hours 30000