Military Review

IL-76MD-90А or "Product-476"

Heavy military transport aircraft IL-76MD-90A

Development: OJSC "Aviation complex to them. S.V. Ilyushin ", Russia. Production: Aviastar-SP CJSC, Russia

The Il-76MD-90А heavy military transport aircraft is a deeply modernized version of the well-proven IL-76MD aircraft.
It is intended for interregional transportation of troops, heavy large-size equipment and cargo, as well as the landing of personnel, equipment and cargo by parachute and landing method.

The plane transports the entire list of weapons and military equipment used by the Russian airborne troops. Also IL-76MD-90А can be used for the transportation of sick and wounded and extinguishing areal fires.


The production of this remarkable aircraft, the unsurpassed leader in the 40-50 tonnage capacity class, was moved from Uzbekistan (Tashkent, TAPOiCH) to Russia (Ulyanovsk, Aviastar).


In the course of work on the modernization program of the UAC-TS (UAC-Transport Aircraft), the current requirements of the main customer, the Ministry of Defense of Russia and other potential customers, were assessed. Changes in the modernized IL-76MD-90А affected both the on-board equipment and systems, and product design.


Maximum load increased to 52 tons (48 on IL-76MD). The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is up to 210 tons (190). The aircraft is a high-wing monoplane with a high wing layout with four engines mounted on the pylons on the wing, a T-shaped tail assembly and a five-post landing gear scheme.


In the rear part of the fuselage there is a cargo hatch with a ramp for loading and unloading cargo and equipment and landing.


The new flight-navigation complex, the automatic control system, the communication complex and the “glass” cabin meet all modern requirements for aircraft avionics and significantly increase flight safety, accuracy of navigation and airborne landing.


Replacing the standard D-30KP2 engines with significantly more modern PS-90А-76, installing a modified wing and a reinforced chassis greatly expands the operational capabilities of the aircraft.


The aircraft can take off and land on ground (with soil density up to 7,5 kg / cm2) and concrete airfields with altitudes from minus 300 to 3000 m above sea level, and fly at any time of day over land and water.


The main design features of the aircraft IL-76MD-90A

Installed engines PS-90A-76;


New wing - apply lengthy panels;


The fuel system is being finalized under the new wing;




The dome-III-76М aiming and navigation piloting complex is installed with on-screen display;


Digital SAU-76 is installed;


A complex KSE-KN-76 electronic display and alarm system is installed with the 8 MFI, which provides an indication of the parameters of the aircraft systems, flight and navigation parameters and SAU-76;


Aircraft systems are being developed to install the PS-90А-76 engine and provide indication and control;

IL-76MD-90А or "Product-476"


Installed VSU TA-12А.


The installation of the fourth-generation PS-90А-76 engines makes it possible to significantly increase the operational efficiency of the aircraft due to:
reduction of specific fuel consumption by 12%,
increase the flight range by 18%
reduce direct operating costs
the possibility of operation from high-altitude airfields and in conditions of high temperatures,
Compliance with noise levels and emissions of modern ICAO standards.


Cockpit and flight-navigation complex

The plane is implemented the principle of "glass" cockpit. In the cockpit there are eight multifunctional LCD displays and three intelligent control panels.


Glazing cockpit provides a good overview of the jobs of pilots and navigator.


The aircraft is installed flight control and navigation complex "Dome-III-76M" provides a solution for navigation, and is designed to:
support of work with the navigation data bases, including the global one: when preparing a flight plan, while en route, when maneuvering in the aerodrome area and landing approach (SID / STAR, APPR);


automation of solving navigation problems with the provision of automated flight along a programmed trajectory using autonomous and non-autonomous means of correction;


ensure the prevention of aircraft collisions in the air;


automatic landing approach in category II at aerodromes, equipped with landing facilities corresponding to category II of the ICAO;


detection, recognition using weather radar and displaying the navigation situation of meteorological formations in horizontal and vertical sections on a comprehensive indicator, including four-color indication of precipitation intensity and presence of turbulence in accordance with ARINC-708A recommendations, detection of mountain peaks, large cities, detection of oncoming aircraft by the passive method , detection and maintenance of RLMO, ensuring the mode of inter-flight navigation;


provide automated control of the complex on the ground and in flight.





Airborne transport equipment is installed, allowing the aircraft to be used in the following conditions:
for the transport of personnel;
for parachuting paratroopers paratroopers;
for transportation of goods, equipment, universal sea and air containers and pallets;
for parachute landing of cargo and equipment on platforms;
for non-parachute discharge of cargo from low altitudes.


Cargo and equipment are loaded through the cargo hatch with the help of side winches and electric hoists.


Two winches allow you to load non-propelled wheeled vehicles with maximum effort on the cable of each winch 3000 kgf. Winches are electric and manual drives. Four telphers can be loaded single cargo weighing up to 10 t.


The cargo compartment has a ramp, which during loading and unloading can be installed in a horizontal or any other necessary position.


If necessary, loads weighing up to 30 t can be lifted into the cargo compartment ramp.


For loading tracked and wheeled vehicles, as well as platforms on the ramp, four subtrailers are mounted, ensuring smooth entry of vehicles onto the ramp.


Four roller tracks with a monorail are installed on the floor of the cargo compartment and ramps in two versions: in special niches for the landing of platforms; on beams for transportation of aviation containers and pallets.


For transportation of people in the cargo cabin of the aircraft there are side seats and removable center seats are installed. In the single-deck version (with central seats), 145 troops or 126 paratroopers are transported. In a double-decker version to 225 military personnel.


The aircraft is equipped with a cargo discharge system, which allows single and serial landing of platforms with loads and equipment.



In addition, in the cargo cabin of the aircraft can be installed equipment that allows:
transport up to 114 wounded and medical personnel;
carry out intensive therapy until 20 is seriously injured;
extinguish fires.


IL-76MD-90A made the first demonstration flight of 4 on October 2012 of the year. The flight prototype went up to the sky from the runway of the flight test complex of the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airport under the control of the crew consisting of: test pilot, commander of the Hero of Russia Nikolai Kuimov, co-pilot of the honored test pilot Russia Vladimir Irirarkhov, navigator Valery Grechko, flight engineer Alexei Zhuravlev, boarding engineer Sergei Orlov, lead flight test engineer Vladimir Lysyagin, board electrician Alexander Tsvetkov, flight operator Alexei Mitin.


Currently, OAK-TS implements the State contract for the manufacture and supply of 39 military transport aircraft IL-76MD-90А for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.


From the moment of its adoption to the present day, the Il-76 is the main heavy military transport aircraft of the Russian Air Force. Over the decades of successful operation, more than 950 aircraft of various modifications of military, civil and special purpose were built.


Basic flight performance

General geometric data
Aircraft Length m 46,60
The height of the aircraft in the parking lot, m 14,76
Wingspan, m 50,50
Wing area (trapezium), m2 300,0
Track chassis (on external wheels), m 8,16
Diameter of midsection, m 4,8


Characteristics of the turbojet PS-90А-76 turbojet engine
Number of 4 engines
The degree of bypass 4,4
Thrust, kgf
maximum mode 14500
16000 Maximum Elevated Mode
cruise mode 3300
reverse thrust (reverse) mode 3600
Compliance with ICAO regulations p.16, Ch.IV
Specific fuel consumption during cruising, kg / kgf h 0,59


Mass characteristics
Maximum take-off weight, tons 210
Maximum load, t 52
Total capacity of fuel tanks, l 109500


flight data
Flight speed, km / h 750 ... 800
Flight distance, km
with a load of 52 tons of 5000
under load 20 tons 8500
Flight height, m ​​12100
Takeoff run, m 1540
Required take-off distance on the runway, m 1700
Length of run with the use of reverse thrust engines, m 960


Drop landing
Landing height, m
300 ... 4000 technology
paratroopers to 8000
Speed ​​during parachute landing, km / h
260 ... 400 technology
paratroopers 220 ... 400


Number of places
Crew 5


Transportation of military personnel:
paratroopers 126
personnel / when installing the second deck 145 / 225
affected by the installation of 114 sanitary equipment


Cargo Cabin Dimensions
Length with ramp, m 24,54
Width, m 3,45
Height, m ​​3,40
Cargo Cabin Volume, m3 321


Aircraft Resource
Calendar, years 30
Number of landings 10000
The number of flight hours 30000

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. dark_65
    dark_65 20 June 2013 07: 36
    What a charm an old acquaintance, 115 people into the sky ... nostalgia.
    1. anton107798
      anton107798 20 June 2013 20: 29
      Quote: dark_65
      What a delight

      The author describes only the advantages of the aircraft, while omitting the disadvantages ...
      IL-76MD-90A needs a strip of concrete. Another strip (primer, ice, highlands) will not take off
      The run-up is large for the aircraft, about 2500 meters ... this is a lot for the BTA
      Engines seem to be more economical but can not be compared with other analogues ... they still consume a lot of fuel
      On account of the fact that he takes on board all kinds of lies. A month ago, here, here, on the site this topic was discussed, and we know that only 9 types of equipment from 19 can take IL
      1. aviamed90
        aviamed90 20 June 2013 23: 26

        Read the RLE IL-76 at your leisure. And do not say nonsense!
      2. NicknameYbr
        NicknameYbr 1 June 2017 19: 14
        7d64940 /
        ; v = Jh0D1Tu2lzQ
        ; v = pF9jrjoAJEw
  2. avt
    avt 20 June 2013 09: 26
    good Good photo essay +
    1. Argon
      Argon 20 June 2013 12: 11
      Thanks to Marina, the voluminous report turned out, with explanations and the author, of course, a plus, only when looking at the pilot posts (and the navigator's post is not yet equipped, or will it not be at all?) I can't get rid of the impression that modern equipment was crammed into a plane built in Tashkent ( maybe this is how it should be, taking into account the transfer of technology). In general, of course, we were late with the re-incornation of the "bison", 15-20 years late. But better later than never.
  3. Orty
    Orty 20 June 2013 10: 33
    Cool plane!
  4. Letterksi
    Letterksi 20 June 2013 11: 23
    Can an ICBM carry on itself?
    1. StolzSS
      StolzSS 20 June 2013 14: 34
      No, he can not.
  5. fatalist
    fatalist 20 June 2013 12: 08
    >> Number of crew seats 5
    Why so many people in the carriage? It seems that they installed new navigation equipment, but forgot to reduce the crew?

    In modern civilian airplanes, 2 pilots are the rest of the stewardess, it’s kind of like a stewardess on a transporter;)
    1. Letterksi
      Letterksi 20 June 2013 12: 14
      There is a photo with a toilet. Excess team members carry a portable push for those who steers winked
      1. Argon
        Argon 20 June 2013 15: 07
        Dear LetterKsi-portable latrine is not at all a reason for sorcery, especially when transporting refugees. For obvious reasons (for me, at least the author is a woman), the standard bathroom is not shown. Another thing is that the "rest cabin" for the crew is not shown (perhaps not yet equipped, or maybe not, which is worse). I am sure that temporary / portable bathrooms are also present at the Globemaster, if not, a huge minus.
    2. Argon
      Argon 20 June 2013 15: 29
      And will the "modern" civilians sit on the ground, near Govnolobovsk, in winter? And will they wait a month there for loading? And then they will take off? And all this is routine? I know only one such passenger, Tu-154, and then in emergency mode, but there are not two pilots on it either. fool
      1. fatalist
        fatalist 20 June 2013 18: 27
        >> A "modern" civilians on the ground, near Govnolobovsk, sit down in winter?
        I think two people to get on the transporter near Govnolobovsky is enough.

        >> and the download will wait a month there
        I don’t see why exactly 5 people need to wait for a month, of course the five of us wait a month more fun.

        >> and then it will take off? And all this is regular?
        What is there when taking off all 5 people fly the plane?

        >> All work on regulations and loading operations falls on the crew, and the apparatus is not small.
        The crew of 5 people is obviously without specials. equipment, the engine will not be changed. Therefore, it is difficult to imagine what a crew of 5 people will be able to do on routine operations, what a crew of 3 people will not be able to do.

        They do not load manually, but with the help of mechanized winches.

        If I understand correctly, then the crew is there: commander, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer, flight engineer.
        I do not see a specialist in loading operations as part of the crew belay

        PS. The Chinese in their counterpart Y-20 cost 3 crew members
        j-samolyot-y-20 /
        "The aircraft have practically the same size and wing structure, while the Chinese aircraft does not have a separate navigator's cabin, due to which its crew was reduced to 3 people."

        And how will they ship and service it wassat

        PS. In general, there is a worldwide trend towards a decrease in aircraft crew. It is not very clear why this trend has bypassed our IL-76MD-90A. I hope in the next modification all the same they will reduce the crew to a reasonable minimum of 3 people.
        1. Argon
          Argon 21 June 2013 00: 07
          B..l..I caused a lot of emotions your comment, dear fatallist, I will answer in order: There are not enough 4 people to work on an unprepared site 1 control of spatial position; 2 control of flight parameters; 3 visual control of the underlying surface, weather conditions, visibility, directly search for a site; 4control of ship systems with possible acknowledgment, and sometimes disabling of protection systems (for example, when it is necessary to squeeze out of the engines a little more than it should be) and all this at an altitude of less than 1000m. Nobody will tell you how long you need to wait - they will say wait for an order, in the concept the work includes not only the replacement of units, there are also daily ones, and the pre-flight volumes will not delve into those nuances, imagine that it snowed and the order to take off could come at any minute, everyone saw a wheel change in Kandahar, winter additional colors impressions, increasing the man-hours. Of course, three can cope, but the key parameter is time and also life needs to be organized, and "external relations". to get a 100th share of the practice of rigging operations, I propose to perform the following test for you - try to put a dumbbell -9-7kg in an "Ashanovsky" bag (8kg). the entire crew (responsible-commander; executing-engineer
          r; all take part and sometimes it is not enough) .Y-20 copy of "Globemaster" in Chinese technologies, so that we will talk about the original. By the way, of all "NATO members" on unprepared sites, only "Hercules" works, A-400 is very conditional , and "Globik" only for ports not lower than ICAO class 4, which implies the presence of ground personnel. It is not the lack of cabins, but the level of automation that makes it possible to reduce the crew, which, in principle, reduces the "degree of reliability". Before talking about world trends, take the trouble to study the issue, Ask a question, do not need silly statements in a mentoring tone, especially since the site is not a place for self-affirmation, with this to the gym. angry
          1. Elderly Raccoon
            Elderly Raccoon 2 July 2019 23: 19
            Oh my God. Globik as well as IL-76 is capable of landing on an unprepared unpaved strip)) and it has 3 crew members and not 5)) and yes globik is more automated, so the extra 2 people are not needed in it)) and globik is very reliable aircraft, the level of automation does not affect its reliability in any way)) just reliable electronics must be done to be able to do that. and the updated IL-76 is a budget option, they saved on it ... so there’s so much crew in it .. and the rudement in the form of a glass is new as usual on the spot), just like on WW2 airplanes. Well, thanks for removing the Kormovago arrow
  6. Dante Alighieri
    Dante Alighieri 20 June 2013 13: 07
    And in the case of an electromagnetic pulse, where will all this new electronics be?
    1. Elderly Raccoon
      Elderly Raccoon 2 July 2019 23: 20
      dude, then let's fly to the an-2. why don’t you tell foreign analogues where their electronics will be in case of an impulse?)
  7. Boomer
    Boomer 20 June 2013 14: 15
    But how does it differ from ordinary silt 76? only electronics?
    1. Argon
      Argon 20 June 2013 15: 10
      Epte-mopte ENGINES, WING ...- but in general it is necessary to read first, and then think about the carriages
  8. Algor73
    Algor73 20 June 2013 16: 42
    And what does "... with a soil density of up to 7,5 kg / cm2 ..." mean? It is doubtful that he will land, let alone take off from an unpaved airfield. Are there instruments in the army that measure soil density? The plane is good, but ... a little old.
    1. aviamed90
      aviamed90 20 June 2013 23: 38

      Don’t hesitate! Look on the net, and this topic has already been discussed on this site. And even the video was uploaded.
  9. stoqn477
    stoqn477 20 June 2013 18: 28
    I will apologize, however, for the new aircraft to put the fan cabin. what Is it really so hard to put air conditioning. I think the crew would be very grateful.
    1. aviamed90
      aviamed90 20 June 2013 23: 41

      In fact, the air conditioning system is present there initially. What does not suit you?
  10. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 20 June 2013 20: 53
    A good aircraft, it’s good that we have it, it was high time to update one of our best aircraft.
    The little things. In the 13 photo, the hatch is equipped with bulk seals, and not on the rim at all. And a rag ... In the cable economy, the touching 67 fan of the year of manufacture was dulled ... That is, the hatch is wet, the cables are fried. The fuselage is blowing in the tube until it turns blue ... and who finally, after all these years, will deal with the air currents INSIDE our cars? Well, it’s just taking evil ... The best planes in the world ... when servicing, the mat does not stop.
  11. sprut
    sprut 20 June 2013 22: 02
    Pleasant shape of the IL-76go ... I understand this is from the category of science fiction, but: And the bailout of the crew?
    1. Argon
      Argon 21 June 2013 01: 22
      unfortunately absent, like all BTA aircraft (of a similar class) in the world.
  12. kirieeleyson
    kirieeleyson 21 June 2013 01: 42
    a great glider, a great plane, and the very thing for the Airborne Forces. stop looking west, "live your mind, bee." There is nothing to compare, but for the AN 70 there will be application in the ground forces, this is a different coat.
  13. Fitter65
    Fitter65 21 June 2013 04: 50
    Quote: aviamed90

    Read the RLE IL-76 at your leisure. And do not say nonsense!

    Why, comrade considers An-70 the most correct BTA aircraft
    1. anton107798
      anton107798 21 June 2013 18: 42
      Quote: Fitter65
      comrade considers An-70

      where is it written? or can you read between the lines? or psychic?
      And if it’s so pricking An-70, then write
  14. Alexey P
    Alexey P 26 August 2020 14: 24
    The design in the cockpit of the rounded side panels from the glass to the stream cannot be more terrible, as in the corn plant of the 60s or the upholstery of the doors in the M-412, it's good that at least the nails don't stick out, this should be perverted by the design designers ... you can bet!