Military Review

Main tank T-72, foreign modifications

39
The T-72 tank, created more than three decades ago, still remains the basis of the tank fleet of many countries of the world; many countries have developed their modernization programs for the T-72, which can put it on a par with the most modern tanks.


Yugoslav modernization T-72

The upgraded MBT M-84AB1 looks like its predecessor M-84А (read - on T-72М1) and has a combat weight of more than 44 tons. It is equipped with a new power plant consisting of an 12-cylinder diesel engine with an 1000 horsepower. The transmission is identical to that installed on the T-72M tanks: two onboard planetary gearboxes with hydraulic control, but they have five forward gears and one reverse gear. In the future, it is planned to use a more powerful (up to 1200 hp) engine with a fully automatic transmission. The V-46TK engine mounted on the tank is a further development of the domestic B-46 diesel engine. This power plant, as reported, allows the car to develop a maximum speed on the highway to 70 km / h and provides acceleration to a speed of 32 km / h from a standstill in 8,5 s.

Tracks with collapsible tracks, like those used on T-80 or Western-style machines, can be equipped with removable asphalt shoes.

The hull and turret of the Degman tank have improved armor protection and dynamic protection of the original design, new systems of collective protection, anti-tank defense and preventing the explosion of fuel in the tanks.

As the main armament left 125-mm smoothbore gun 2А46, but under it developed new ammunition, including armor-piercing sabot projectile with an initial speed 1800 m / s. The barrel of the gun is equipped with a heat-insulating casing and SKPDS. Additional weapons include a paired 7,62-mm PKT machine gun and a 12,7-mm anti-aircraft gun NSVT-12,7.

Automated MSA includes a combined (day / night) SGS-D gunner's sight with an integrated laser range finder, a digital ballistic computer and shooting condition sensors. The gunner's sight has a field of view stabilized in two planes, the night channel is equipped with an infrared-optical amplifier of the 2 generation. At the request of the customer, the TSGS-D gunner's thermal sight can be mounted on the tank.

The tank commander will have at his disposal a combined (day / night) sight, a video display system monitor and controls of the SLA. OMS sensors will be installed at the back of the tower.
Standard equipment of the V2001 tank will include a set of OPVT and a device for self-digging.

Main tank T-72, foreign modifications


Slovak modernization T-72

If someone decided to hold a contest for the most unusual modification of the T-72, then probably one of the first places would be occupied by the Modernity T-72М2. This tank was first presented at the international exhibition "Deffendori-94", where it aroused great interest of military experts.

The first thing that catches your eye is two automatic XAUM caliber XAUM mm cannons placed on the sides of the turret. With their help, it was possible to defeat both ground and low-flying air targets.

The creation of this machine was attended by Belgian and French companies. In particular, the fire control system was subjected to modernization. So, instead of a regular night sight, a thermal imager was installed, which was previously developed for the modernization of the Belgian tanks Leopard-1.

The tank commander received a VS580 panoramic sight from the Leclerc tank, as a result, it duplicates the functions of a gunner, and can also fire from automatic guns.

The tank was equipped with a set of dynamic protection weighing tons in 1,5, which greatly enhanced the anti-cumulative durability of the frontal projection. As a result of all the innovations, the tank "grew stout" to 43,5 tons. So that the mobility characteristics do not deteriorate, the engine 850 hp power was installed on the “Modern”. Power reserve - up to 650 km.

The tank has a warning system for laser irradiation, which is associated with a smoke grenade launching system. To improve the crew has air conditioning. In the control compartment, the bottom was reinforced, and the driver's seat was suspended from the turret armor plate.



Ukrainian modernization of T-72

The T-72AG upgrade provides for the replacement of a standard engine with an HP 780 / 840 power. The new engine series 6TD, which was developed for the T-XNUMHUD / Oplot. There are two different options for diesel engines: 80TD-6 horsepower 1. and 1000TD-6 horsepower 2 Both engines provide high performance when operating in desert conditions at ambient temperatures up to 1200 degrees above zero.

To increase tactical mobility, the T-72AG can additionally be equipped with a satellite navigation system. To increase the level of protection on the T-72AG tank, additional armor modules are installed on the frontal parts of the hull and turret, the built-in dynamic protection (VDZ) on the hull and turret, as well as on-board screens with VDZ in front of the hull. In order to increase crew protection against weapons mass destruction on the tank T-72AG installed collective protection system designed to seal the habitable compartment. Additionally, the Varta optical-electronic countermeasures can be installed on the T-72AG.

On the T-72AG, when upgrading, it is possible to keep the regular 125-mm 2-46 cannon. However, to increase firepower, it is advisable to replace it with a Ukrainian-made XBA125 1-mm cannon. This gun provides the highest probability of hitting from tank weapons not only when firing from a place in place, but also when firing while moving at a moving target. In addition, there is the option of upgrading the T-72 using an 120 mm caliber cannon and NATO standard ammunition. A distinctive feature of the T-72AG is the presence of a closed-type anti-aircraft installation located on the commander's hatch. Also on a modernized T-72AG tank, a modern fire control system is installed, which makes it possible to effectively hit stationary and moving targets both from a standstill and immediately. Instead of the TPD-K1 sight, the 1-46 sight is mounted with a line of sight, stabilized in both vertical and horizontal planes. Instead of the night sight TPN-1 (TPN-3), the night complex of the gunner TO1-KO1E was installed with the TPN-4E sight. This sight provides a vision range at night in the passive mode to 1200 m. The new tank fire control system may include a guided weapons complex.



Another option for improving the T-72 tank was a joint project to upgrade this machine by Ukrainian, Czech and French designers, which was implemented when creating the T-72MP tank. It can be said that further improvement of T-72AG, but in the framework of NATO cooperation. Ukraine in this project represent the KMDB and ZTM them. Malysheva, Czech Republic - PSP BOHEMIA as companies, France - SAGEM and SFIM companies. The new modernization project of the tank may allow extending the life of the T-72 for 15-20 years and at a cost of no more than 30% of the amount needed to purchase new cars. In terms of cost - efficiency in some respects, the T-72MP has even better results than the new tanks. The retrofit is designed as a modular system, which allows future improvements to be made depending on the needs of customers. Thanks to the use of the latest developments in the field of tank building, in terms of its combat characteristics, the T-72MP tank approached the latest NATO-made vehicles, such as Leclerc, М1А2 Abram and Leopard 2А5.

Modernization of the T-72MP envisaged an increase in all the main combat properties of the tank — fire power, security, and mobility. The problem of increasing firepower is solved by expanding the possibilities of detecting targets and identifying them in any conditions, reducing the response time to an opening fire after detection. This is achieved by installing a VS / MVS 580 commander and a combined (day / night) SAVAN-15 gunner sight with an integrated laser range finder and a thermal imaging camera into the tank. Both sights have independent stabilization of the line of sight in two planes. With the installation of new sights on the tank, an automated OMS with a set of automatic sensors for firing conditions, including the meteorological sensor, the system for monitoring the relative position of the barrel muzzle and the improved gun, the probability of hitting the first shot from the spot and on the move, day and night with any weather conditions. In addition, the crew’s actions were simplified when the tank was armed.

The security of the tank is enhanced by installing on it the built-in and additional dynamic protection of the new generation. As reported in the brochures, it increases the resistance of the reservation against ammunition with a cumulative warhead twice, against armor-piercing sabots in 1,6 times and provides protection even against ammunition with tandem warheads. The T-72MP can be equipped with an optical-electronic protection system against anti-tank guided missiles with infrared and laser guidance, similar to the Shtora-80 and Shtora-90 systems available on Russian T-1 and T-2 tanks. The machine is also equipped with new PPO systems, diagnostics and communications.

The best indicators of mobility of the T-72MP tank compared to the base T-72 are achieved through the use of a different power plant, which does not require body modification and does not change the silhouette of the car. In its composition and characteristics of the power plant T-72MP is no different from standing on the T-72AG.



The orientation to the West of many former partners in the Warsaw Pact, as well as the presence of a large number of different modifications of the T-72 tank, prompted Ukrainian tank builders to develop a seventy-two for NATO - T-72-120. The main difference from the two previous Kharkov models is that the 120-mm smooth-bore gun for NATO ammunition of the appropriate caliber is mounted on this tank. The armament complex is equipped with a new automatic loader, located in the niche of the turret, similar to the one installed on the French Leclerc tank. In the A3 transporter, 22 unitary shots are placed, the remaining 20 fit into a special niche in the rear part of the fighting compartment. The fire control system, auxiliary armament, power plant and protection of the T-72-120 are completely similar to the T-72AG tank.



Polish upgrade T-72

From its prototype tank "Tvardy" differs primarily in the new fire control system SKO-1M "Drava", designed and manufactured in Poland.

Another new element is the active armor of the type "Erawa-1" (single-layer) and "Erawa-2" (double-layer). Similar protection against cumulative projectiles for the T-72 was once developed by Soviet designers, but the Erawa is located differently and protects a large surface. In addition, "Tvardy" is equipped with a coating that absorbs radiation, the Obra-4 system, which warns that a tank is irradiated with a laser, the 12-barreled 81-mm Tucha smoke grenades launch system and the single-barrel 80-mm anti-laser grenades launch system Tellurium ". Anti-aircraft armament of model ZU-72 is installed on the tower. The driver has a passive night vision device "Radomka". The bottom under the driver’s seat is reinforced with additional armor. At the end of 1994, with the start of mass production, the French fire control system "Savan-91T" began to be installed on the PT-15. The main armament, transmission and undercarriage are preserved from the T-72, but a new Polish 12-cylinder turbo diesel S12U with 625 kW of power (2300 rpm) is installed, with which the tank reaches a speed of up to 70 km / h, and in the future it is planned to use more powerful , 735-kilowatt (i.e., 1000-strong) unit.



The mileage of a tank with one refueling reaches 650 km. RT-91 is intended primarily for the Polish army; however, if they wish, they can buy this tank for about 2 million dollars. The Poles are aware that the “Tvardy” is the last opportunity to at least to some extent adapt the design adopted by 1972 to today's requirements. But Poland needs a new generation tank, and work on it was started in 1995 in the hope of In the middle of 1998, make running tests of the prototype, conventionally called "Gorilla".

Unlike RT-91, Gorilla will have a western-type tower with almost vertical walls, ceramic armor plates and active armor protecting from sub-caliber and cumulative projectiles as well as a special layer to absorb electromagnetic radiation must cover the top. Engine - diesel power about 1000 kW. The main armament is Russian: two machine guns, 125-mm smooth-bore gun with automatic loading (which can also serve to launch 9М 119 Svir ATGM), hitting targets at a distance of 5000 m and piercing armor up to 700 mm. Fire control systems and the power unit, coupled with the transmission, developed specifically for the "Gorilla" should be computerized. The Poles are looking for cooperation in the creation of this 55-ton tank with the military industry of France, Israel and South Africa.

It is difficult to say whether the outdated RT-91 “Gorillas” will be replaced in the future, because the cost of developing a new vehicle is commensurate with the cost of creating the best Western European tank Leopard. But buying a lot of modern tanks - even in the West, even in the East - is no cheaper, and in the latter case, own industry suffers

Israeli upgrade T-72

T-72SIM-1, upgraded by the Israeli company Elbit Systems.

In the course of modernization, T-72 tanks were equipped with new communications, a friend-and-friend system, GPS navigation equipment, two thermal imaging cameras (in the driver’s monitoring device and gunner’s sight). The fire control system was refined to provide the ability to fire a guided missile through the bore.

The armament of the T-72SIM1 is stabilized to ensure the possibility of firing immediately.

The hull and tower are protected by mounted dynamic protection elements.

When upgrading to tanks installed a new command and control system. This is a computerized system that allows the commander and crew to obtain information about the battlefield.

The GPS navigation system provides additional information for subordinate crews using the short message service (SMS). The navigation system works in any meteorological conditions, which makes it different from other GPS systems.

The T-72 SIM-1 has a friend or foe system, which, if aimed at a friendly tank, warns the crew of a potential error in the disturbing sound.

As for the communication system, the old R173 was replaced by the FALCON digital tactical radio communication system manufactured by HARRIS Corporation. It has a frequency hopping, which reduces the ability to decode and encrypts conversations.

The radio station has the ability to communicate in a radius of up to 20 km and operates at microwave frequencies. The ability to send SMS messages is also available.



Azerbaijani modernization of T-72

T-72 Aslan The modernization project was developed by the Israeli company Elbit Systems together with representatives of the industry of Azerbaijan.

In the course of modernization, a computerized fire control system is installed on the tanks to ensure the execution of automatic operations. This is a computerized system that allows the commander and crew to obtain information about the battlefield. The fire control system was refined to provide the ability to fire a guided missile through the bore.

The modernization package also includes two thermal imaging cameras for the driver and, in the gunner’s sight, tank guns. A set of surveillance systems allows you to conduct combat operations in any weather conditions and at night.

The hull and turret of the T-72 Aslan are protected by mounted dynamic protection elements.

The GPS navigation system provides additional information for subordinate crews using the short message service. The navigation system works in any meteorological conditions, which makes it different from other GPS systems.

The T-72 Aslan has a friend-to-others system, which, when aimed at a friendly tank, warns the crew of a potential error with an alarm sound.



Kazakhstan modernization T-72

The tank received a built-in dynamic protection, anti-cummer grilles.

The gunner’s day sight remained the same, but the old active-passive night sight was replaced with a thermal imaging one. The tank commander was able to duplicate the actions of the gunner. The driver also received a new surveillance device.

Established new means of communication and navigation of Western production. Installation of the conditioner and auxiliary power unit is possible.

The tank received a track with rubber pads.

Engine - power up to 840 HP (mobility characteristics remain the same).




Romanian modernization T-72

TR-125 in the design of the new machine focused on enhancing the protection of the tank. As a result, its weight has increased by 7 t compared to the base model. The increase in weight led to changes in the chassis, which on the TR-125 tank has seven road wheels on each side.

In order to preserve the necessary mobility, it installed a more powerful 8VSA3 engine with a capacity of about 900л.с., Developed in France.
But it didn’t fit in the MTO, therefore the tank had to be extended to one roller, having received the characteristic semi-support undercarriage and recognizable outlines of MTO.

The armament of the TR-125 tank is similar to the Soviet T-72 tank, and all eight smoke grenade launchers are mounted on the left side of the tower



Czech modification T-72

Armament remained in the same composition as the base tank T-72 and its modifications. However, on a modernized machine, the gun is equipped with a system for monitoring the relative position of the barrel muzzle (SKPDS), allowing you to control the discrepancy between the axis of the bore of the gun and the optical line of sight resulting from bending of the barrel. The growth of the firepower of the tank was carried out by increasing the accuracy of shooting weapons at fixed and moving targets, both when firing from a standstill and when firing on the move. The effective range of shooting from the tank during the day and especially at night has been significantly increased. This is achieved thanks to the installation of the automated TURMS-T control system in the tank, which greatly expanded the capabilities of both the gunner and the tank commander to effectively detect and destroy targets. The OMS is combined with a weapon stabilizer and an automatic loading of the base tank. It controls the operation of these systems, prepares and automatically enters raw data for firing, automatically adjusts aiming angles in accordance with the raw data for firing, and also directs the 2А46 cannon and the PKT machine gun coupled with it to the target.

Another direction to increase the firepower of the new tank is the development of new ammunition for the standard 125-mm tank gun 2А46. The Czech gunsmiths created a new shot for it with an armor-piercing-sifting projectile, which reportedly has better dispersion characteristics and greater armor penetration compared to existing ammunition,

Taken together, the measures taken made it possible to increase the effective range of the upgraded tank on the move to 2000 m. The target detection range of the tank type began to be up to 5000 m in the daytime and to 4000 m at night.

Enhancing the security of the tank is provided by the DYNA-72 Dynamic Protection Kit, manufactured by the VOP 025 plant. The set of DZ DYNA-72 provides additional protection of all vital places of the tank against all types of available ammunition. This DZ is safe to handle, resistant to the action of small arms bullets and shell fragments.

The T-72 CZ series tanks are equipped with a LARDIS laser radiation detection and warning system, which is connected through the TBV to the MSA. DGO-1 smoke grenades of the new generation are fired from 12 grenade launchers located six on each side of the turret.

The upgraded Czech tank is equipped with a new BUA type ASU system capable of detecting and eliminating an emerging fire and the danger of an explosion inside the vehicle. Vital places of the tank (combat compartment, engine compartment and control compartment) are equipped with thermal and optical sensors, as well as cylinders with an environmentally friendly fire extinguisher DeuGen.

To protect the tank from magnetic mines, a mounted electromagnetic trawl was developed, which creates an additional magnetic field and thus causes a detonation of the electromagnetic mines both from the front and from the sides of the moving tank.

The problem of increasing the mobility of the tank is solved in two versions, and, as a result, two types of upgraded tanks are produced - T-72М3 CZ and T-72М4 CZ.



The T-72MZ CZ tank has a “native” engine and on-board gearboxes, improved in such a way that, at least, the mobility and maneuverability indicators are kept at the same level with the increased combat weight of the new tank. The main feature of the modernization of the engine B-46TK is the installation of two turbochargers. Improving the onboard gearboxes is to reduce the load on their main components and prevent damage in case of improper control of the tank. In addition, some changes have undergone and undercarriage of the tank.

On the tank T-72М4 CZ installed a new power unit - POWERPACK, which allowed to increase the mobility and maneuverability of the machine. Compared with the standard power plants, this option greatly simplifies the control of the tank, has a high engine power, provides the best acceleration characteristics and allows you to increase the average speed of the car when driving in different terrain conditions. The main element of the POWERPACK power unit is a four-stroke V-shaped 12-cylinder diesel engine Condor CV-12 1000 TCA with liquid cooling, having a power 746 kW (1013 hp). The engine is equipped with a twin-turbocharger supercharger.

Indian upgrade T-72

When at the beginning of the new century it became clear that the T-72М1 increasingly did not meet modern requirements, India decided to rely on its own forces in the modernization of these tanks.

The approach was radical, the tank completely lost the turret with an 125-mm cannon. Its place was taken by a very similar, but reworked under a lighter chassis tower with multi-layered anti-shell booking. As well as the Arjun, the tank, which received the designation "EX", was armed with a 120-mm rifled gun. Since the Hindus did not automate the loading process, another person appeared in the crew.

The sights were more advanced than on the T-72М1, the gunner, in particular, received a thermal imager, which the commander can also use in the "double" mode. He, in turn, has a panoramic sight stabilized in two planes.

Since the tank was heavier than the original weight of the 41, the engine power was no longer enough, and the 1000-strong diesel had to be installed, which allowed us to maintain satisfactory mobility characteristics at the level of the base sample.



Croatian modernization T-72

M-84D - Croatian version of the modernization of the Yugoslav MBT M-84. It is equipped with a new engine power 1200 l. with. (895 kW) and the new dynamic protection RRAK. The M-84D can be equipped with a remote-controlled Ramsal Samson module or a Protector M151 module from Kongsberg, as well as an Omega digital ballistic computer made by Fotona. The electric drive of the tower provides a quick transfer of fire, a new set of protection of vulnerable zones provides protection for the crew against biological, chemical and nuclear threats.

Advanced thermal imaging cameras provide the ability to operate in reduced visibility conditions - at dusk, at night, in fog, smoke, etc. All new tanks M84D and M84A4 are equipped with the latest communication kit from Racal. The power reserve of the M-84A4 and M-84D is 700 km, the maximum speed is 65 km / h. Improving the autoloader increased the rate of fire from 8 to 9 rounds per minute, efficiency increased by 15%.

The striker is protected by anti-cumulative screens, the engine at the rear is additionally protected by chains. For storage of additional ammunition added a tower basket, the protection of which is reinforced with anti-cumulative screens. LAHAT ATGM and LIRD-4B laser irradiation warning system are installed.



Iraqi modification T-72

At the end of the 80s, Iraq organized the release of a licensed version of the T-72М1 called "Assad Babil" (Babylonian Lion). The main difficulty in the production of tanks was to establish the release of high-quality cannon barrels. Barrel life was 120 shots. It is not known exactly how many "Lviv" managed to produce: according to one data - only a few pieces, according to others - around 100.



Sources:
http://bastion-karpenko.ru
http://lenta.ru
http://btvt.narod.ru
http://armor.kiev.ua
http://forums.airbase.ru
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  1. Kars
    Kars 18 June 2013 08: 48 New
    +8
    Not counting the Ukrainian modifications, which by the way more than the T-72 are upgraded before selling at the request and financial capabilities of the client, the Czech modification impresses me the most. I learn more about DZ.
    1. svp67
      svp67 18 June 2013 11: 15 New
      +2
      Quote: Kars
      I am most impressed with the Czech modification
      Well, the Czechs always differed in matters of creating weapons ... I was very interested in how the MTO issue was solved on one of its modifications, it is a pity I can’t find the picture now, but the Czechs and Germans created a single unit that changed in the field for 1,5 hours. A very interesting design, it would not hurt our designers to create something like this ...
    2. svp67
      svp67 18 June 2013 11: 20 New
      +2
      Quote: Kars
      Czech modification

      Oh found
      power unit - POWERPACK, which allowed to increase the mobility and maneuverability of the machine


      1. Argon
        Argon 18 June 2013 12: 19 New
        +1
        It is, as far as I understand about the power unit, i.e. an engine with a transmission-main gear, but only the engine is pictured. NATO generally has pretty strict standards for replacing TEUs and there are practically no requirements for the repair life of specific units. “Leopard-2” standard 45min (for Rembatt), it is put forward on the rails, we have about the same change in the TEU block on the T-80, I mean cars with gas turbine engines.
        1. svp67
          svp67 18 June 2013 21: 31 New
          0
          Quote: Argon
          This is, as far as I understand about the power unit i.e. engine with transmission
          There is a little different here, in this scheme there is no BKP (on-board gearboxes), but here almost the entire engine with support systems, which, in principle, is quite enough on our Т72, as well as on ТNNUMX, since the BKP themselves are disconnected from the engine within 64 seconds each ...
      2. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 22 June 2013 10: 34 New
        0
        There was information that there was not a single successful alteration of the MTO by foreign companies (I am talking about the MTO of the T-72 tank). At a minimum, quick overheating of the engine. A more powerful engine requires a radiator with a larger cooling surface, and it is difficult to fit into a small volume of the engine compartment.
    3. Vadivak
      Vadivak 18 June 2013 11: 29 New
      +2
      Quote: Kars
      NON counting Ukrainian modifications, which by the way are more


      The most chic in my opinion
      1. svp67
        svp67 18 June 2013 12: 01 New
        +2
        Quote: Vadivak
        The most chic in my opinion


        The Ukrainian version of T72 is interesting, but in this form has very low export opportunities, our Slingshot is more promising in this regard. If Omsk now succeeds, then we will be able to introduce many other, no less interesting modifications to the T72 ...
        1. Kars
          Kars 18 June 2013 12: 05 New
          +3
          Quote: svp67
          this type has very low export opportunities, our "Slingshot" in this regard is more promising

          Unless due to lending and political fraud. But this is nowhere to go.

          Quote: svp67
          If now Omsk
          As you can see, they no longer count on new tanks, as I wrote before.
          1. svp67
            svp67 18 June 2013 12: 12 New
            0
            Quote: Kars
            As you can see, they no longer count on new tanks, as I wrote before.

            Yes, and the main specification is the modification of T72 and T80, as far as I understand in this article, the issue of upgrading the first is discussed. The issue of new tanks did not seem to be considered ...
            1. Kars
              Kars 18 June 2013 12: 23 New
              +3
              Quote: svp67
              The issue of new tanks did not seem to be considered ...

              Do we have good memory? ”And so far there are no restrictions on not taking early discussions.
              Quote: svp67
              Yes, and the main specification is the modification of T72 and T80,

              With that, in principle, simple tank repair plants also cope.
              1. svp67
                svp67 18 June 2013 12: 33 New
                +2
                Quote: Kars
                With that, in principle, simple tank repair plants also cope.
                Some work YES, but here is a set of scientific research work NO. The fleet of T72 and T80 is huge, and the issue of modernization of these machines, both for our own aircraft and for foreign buyers, is not an idle one. So do not confuse the questions.

                Quote: Kars
                Do we have good memory? ”And so far there are no restrictions on not taking early discussions.
                I joined the moratorium on the rejection of "srach between the two fraternal peoples", especially since they are both my relatives. But I’m ready to talk about this topic, only purely from a technical point of view.
                1. Kars
                  Kars 18 June 2013 12: 51 New
                  +1
                  Quote: svp67
                  Some work YES, but here is a set of scientific research work NO

                  Just in Omsk they do not suppose scientific research.
                  Quote: svp67
                  . The fleet of T72 and T80 is huge, and the issue of modernizing these machines, both for our own aircraft and for foreign buyers, is not an idle one

                  Well, the appetites of UVZ are even greater, otherwise it is impossible to explain the utilization of T-62, God bless them with your T-64. Therefore, Omsk will get the work to bring the T-72 to B3, and then they will be minimized, waiting for Armata. So I’m nothing I do not confuse.
                  Quote: svp67
                  I joined the moratorium on the rejection of "srach between the two fraternal peoples", especially since they are both my relatives. But I’m ready to talk about this topic, only purely from a technical point of view.

                  And where does the fraternal peoples have to do with it? There are UVZ, Omsk, Transmashsh and Kharkov, with the Kiev tank repair plant. And specific examples of armored vehicles. And they were far from fraternal relations even in the USSR.
                  1. svp67
                    svp67 18 June 2013 12: 56 New
                    +2
                    Quote: Kars
                    And where does the fraternal peoples have to do with it? There are UVZ, Omsk, Transmashsh and Kharkov, with the Kiev tank repair plant. And specific examples of armored vehicles. And they were far from fraternal relations even in the USSR.
                    Well, under the USSR, they were still "warmer." If you want to, but share the blueprints ... And in general, in the USSR, UVZ was positioned as the main supplier of tanks for mobilization and for export, so their tanks were distinguished by minimalism. Now the situation has changed ...
                    1. Kars
                      Kars 18 June 2013 13: 03 New
                      +2
                      Quote: svp67
                      Now the situation has changed ...

                      That is, that is. But all the same, if we proceed from the tank issue, it would be more promising to leave the Leningrad school.
                      1. svp67
                        svp67 18 June 2013 13: 16 New
                        +3
                        Quote: Kars
                        . But all the same, if we proceed from the tank issue, it would be more promising to leave the Leningrad school.
                        To be honest - I am for all the schools of tank building, since EVERY of them has contributed to the development of the Soviet-wide tank building ...
        2. Alexander D.
          Alexander D. 18 June 2013 20: 00 New
          0
          Quote: svp67
          Quote: Vadivak
          The most chic in my opinion


          The Ukrainian version of T72 is interesting, but in this form has very low export opportunities, our Slingshot is more promising in this regard. If Omsk now succeeds, then we will be able to introduce many other, no less interesting modifications to the T72 ...

          T-72 Ukrainian modernization has already been sold to many countries. Well, brag about where you already managed to sell the “Slingshot”?
          1. Akim
            Akim 18 June 2013 20: 50 New
            +1
            Quote: Alexander D.
            T-72 Ukrainian modernization has already been sold to many countries.

            But tell me, where, apart from Ethiopia, did the modernized Ukrainian tanks go? It seems there are no such countries.
            1. roial
              18 June 2013 22: 41 New
              0
              In 2005, 62 tanks were delivered (25 to Azerbaijan, 21 to Algeria, 16 to Georgia)
              in 2007 - 151 (77 to Kenya and 74 to Georgia)
              in 2008 - 34 (33 to Kenya and one to Georgia)
              1. Akim
                Akim 18 June 2013 22: 52 New
                +1
                Quote: roial
                in 2008 - 34 (33 to Kenya and one to Georgia)

                Here is the damaged South Sudanese T-72M1, which turned out to be delivered to Kenya from Ukraine T-72B. But these are not modernized tanks, but from stocks. Originals were also sold to Georgia, and already there, Israeli specialists finished it.
            2. Alexander D.
              Alexander D. 19 June 2013 00: 05 New
              0
              Quote: Akim
              But tell me, where, apart from Ethiopia, did the modernized Ukrainian tanks go? It seems there are no such countries.

              Like a compatriot without mockery
              http://www.aoss.org.ua/cgi-bin/index.pl?page=amat&id=814
              Exactly in Azerbaijan about 46 pcs. T-72AG in 2006-2008
              1. Akim
                Akim 19 June 2013 00: 25 New
                0
                Quote: Alexander D.
                Like a compatriot without mockery

                I didn’t mean it either. I just don’t know about buying upgraded tanks. The fact that Ukraine sold a lot of T-72s is well known. The fact that BM Bulat was taken to South Africa is correct. As a result, UA1 appeared because the blacks saw that we could upgrade the tanks. This is so far the only contract with the modernization of the T-72. By the way, that list does not say anything about Cambodia.
                As for modernization: Ukraine has successfully patched Al-Zarrara and Peru is ready to buy Typhoons. (while there is no information there will be a 120 or 125-mm gun. (it all depends on the new main tank for Peru).
          2. svp67
            svp67 18 June 2013 21: 33 New
            0
            Quote: Alexander D.
            T-72 Ukrainian modernization has already been sold to many countries.

            Well, in principle, Akim already asked a question for me. We look forward to hearing from you what T72 Ukraine sells abroad - its modernization or the Soviet legacy?
    4. Sergey_K
      Sergey_K 18 June 2013 13: 00 New
      +5
      I understand that Romanian modernization is a sticker on the tower. And Iraq is the installation of additional lights on the tower))
      1. Matroskin
        Matroskin 18 June 2013 15: 44 New
        0
        Yes, no, the Romanians have increased and lengthened))
    5. T-100
      T-100 18 June 2013 16: 41 New
      +1
      How I like Slovak modernization. If you fire all the guns, it will probably be awesome total power)))
  2. Matroskin
    Matroskin 18 June 2013 09: 05 New
    +4
    TR125 romanian
  3. Bongo
    Bongo 18 June 2013 09: 15 New
    +4
    I have big doubts that T-72 will be able to upgrade somewhere better than in its historical homeland.
    1. Alexander D.
      Alexander D. 18 June 2013 19: 48 New
      +3
      Quote: Bongo
      I have big doubts that T-72 will be able to upgrade somewhere better than in its historical homeland.

      There is more to doubt about the account of the historical homeland.
      http://izvestia.ru/news/545300
  4. LaGlobal
    LaGlobal 18 June 2013 09: 17 New
    +4
    The Croatian modernization of the 72, though it looks “intimidating,” but honestly wretched! (this is my personal opinion).
    1. Syrzhn
      Syrzhn 18 June 2013 10: 56 New
      +2
      I agree, in the pursuit of protection from RPGs, one of the main advantages of our tanks is completely killed - stealth. And the view is stupid, as if a tower from a leopard2 of an old modification was added, some kind of hydrocephalus.
      1. tarks
        tarks 18 June 2013 11: 19 New
        +1
        "look stupid" - this is because it turned out to be suitable for street battles even after the "garage" improvements.
  5. Dima190579
    Dima190579 18 June 2013 09: 33 New
    -3
    Modernization. Normal tyuneng.
    1. Argon
      Argon 18 June 2013 11: 42 New
      +1
      Don’t tell me, in some cases a very good result is obtained that allows us to consider the “veteran” as a completely new MBT. Yes, and the need is clearly necessary, especially in terms of the armament management complex, it requires attention and security. Unfortunately, the article does not allow to objectively compare everything presented options. However, it is clear that too much carried away by "improvements" in the pursuit of profit, the developers reduce the export potential of the T-72, knocking it out of the occupied sector of the market - "relatively simple and cheap MBT."
  6. Strashila
    Strashila 18 June 2013 09: 41 New
    +9
    The most important NO ONE REFUSES FROM T-72, then it's worth it.
    1. LaGlobal
      LaGlobal 18 June 2013 10: 09 New
      +4
      Quote: Strashila
      NO ONE REFUSES FROM T-72


      - Good is hard to refuse! you get used to it very quickly.
      1. MilaPhone
        MilaPhone 18 June 2013 10: 49 New
        +9
        T-72 is like a Kalashnikov assault rifle among tanks.
      2. Kars
        Kars 18 June 2013 12: 09 New
        +5
        Quote: LaGlobal
        it’s hard to refuse good! you get used to it very quickly.

        In Latin America countries still have not abandoned World War II tanks. Romania and Finland, for example, refused. Like Germany does not use T-72s inherited from the GDR. So everything is relative.
  7. Akim
    Akim 18 June 2013 11: 31 New
    +6
    For Poland, the information is old and inaccurate. I will correct it. The price of PT-91 Ex (the latest version) was announced at MSPO 2012 - $ 4,5 million. For Peru, Poland in 2009 introduced the RT-91R. The price is 4,2 million dollars. Gorilla was abandoned during the design. After receiving the Leopards, all the RT-91 wanted to be converted into the RT-91-120 Leopardyzacji. With aft AZ. However, the cost of the alteration was similar to the cost of buying a German used. The Polish automatic loader was unsuccessful. I would have to export.
    And the Polish tank can’t shoot the TOURS. The most powerful BOPS is Pronite Mk2. Nothing is heard about the purchase of the 125 mm ATGMs. Poland is gradually abandoning the T-72M1 and RT-91.
  8. IRBIS
    IRBIS 18 June 2013 13: 38 New
    +2
    Modification in Iraqi: Tear off the false sides, throw on the tank all sorts of nastiness, shit in the fighting compartment. Did I miss anything?
    1. soldier's grandson
      soldier's grandson 18 June 2013 17: 39 New
      +2
      missed there is still a machine for clogging white hashish wassat
  9. Genady1976
    Genady1976 18 June 2013 14: 55 New
    +1
    "Assad Babil" with modernization
    1. soldier's grandson
      soldier's grandson 18 June 2013 17: 41 New
      +1
      and what kind of cast iron on the tower?
      1. Genady1976
        Genady1976 18 June 2013 17: 54 New
        0
        Protection of the anti-aircraft machine gun in Iraqi
  10. Crang
    Crang 18 June 2013 17: 29 New
    0
    T-72 is a reliable and heavy duty combat vehicle. And it’s great for making robots. Here his layout of the BC becomes a plus.
  11. Genady1976
    Genady1976 18 June 2013 17: 50 New
    +2
    T-72M4 CZ. The Czech Republic inherited all the T-72 tanks from the USSR. In 1990, after the collapse of the Warsaw Pact Organization, Czechoslovakia received more than three thousand different Soviet-made tanks. After the collapse of Czechoslovakia in 1993, about 1600 tanks withdrew to the Czech Republic.
  12. misham
    misham 18 June 2013 19: 06 New
    0
    72-ki and 80-ki great car after the upgrade. Another 20-30 years is enough. And there you look, they’ll put some other device. Maybe you should not hurry with Armata for now, but focus your efforts on engines, SLAs, a cannon and other accessories. Big wars are not expected, and the Africans cost T-55 and their Chinese clones, T-72 for them is still expensive.
    Enlighten the comrades, how about Them there for the future will have any brand new Abrams, Leclerc or Merkava-5. Significantly new, not a modernization of what is
    1. Alexander D.
      Alexander D. 18 June 2013 19: 55 New
      +3
      Quote: misham
      72-ki and 80-ki great car after the upgrade. Another 20-30 years is enough. And there you look, they’ll put some other device. Maybe you should not hurry with Armata for now, but focus your efforts on engines, SLAs, a cannon and other accessories. Big wars are not expected, and the Africans cost T-55 and their Chinese clones, T-72 for them is still expensive.
      Enlighten the comrades, how about Them there for the future will have any brand new Abrams, Leclerc or Merkava-5. Significantly new, not a modernization of what is

      And with Armata, and so in no hurry, you can not worry. Now nobody is developing new tanks - everyone is engaged in modernization until the options are completely depleted. In this regard, Leopard Evolyushin, a modular modernization, is the farthest advancement.
    2. Crang
      Crang 18 June 2013 21: 28 New
      0
      Hurry up. T-99 is a fundamentally new tank, which provides a very high probability of crew survival for any outcome of the battle. How not to upgrade the T-72 or T-90, and placing the crew in the same circuit with ammunition and fuel does not bode well. So everything is fine. The T-99 will be soon - at UVZ, all the equipment for Almaty is already ready.
      1. Kars
        Kars 18 June 2013 21: 50 New
        +1
        Quote: Krang
        So everything is fine. T-99 will be soon - ready for UVZ
        1. svp67
          svp67 18 June 2013 21: 56 New
          0
          Well, it’s necessary, as the “Malyshevtsy” “55-ku” stung, well done, not every ATGM will now find it on the battlefield ...
          1. Kars
            Kars 18 June 2013 21: 58 New
            +1
            oh well, don’t you see that this is a robot tank T 99
            1. svp67
              svp67 18 June 2013 22: 33 New
              0
              Quote: Kars
              oh well, don’t you see that this is a robot tank T 99

              Of course not. We don’t go in black coveralls for a long time already, and you still have YES, so make a conclusion yourself, whose cadets are standing next to these armored objects ...
              1. Kars
                Kars 18 June 2013 22: 42 New
                +1
                Quote: svp67
                Of course not.

                That the T-99 has no robot tank?
                Quote: svp67
                We don’t go in black coveralls for a long time, but you still have YES

                Really?
                Quote: svp67
                why draw your own conclusion, whose cadets are standing next to these armored objects ...

                Well, to draw a conclusion on the crew’s form is not very good, we haven’t yet announced a nanobrain. In the old fashioned way, on large tanks we don’t cut robots.
                1. Crang
                  Crang 18 June 2013 22: 48 New
                  0
                  I’m big robots, based on large tanks, and I mean.
                  1. Kars
                    Kars 18 June 2013 22: 49 New
                    +1
                    Quote: Krang
                    I’m big robots, based on large tanks, and I mean.

                    Yes, you read LLC ..... you see, and the sense of humor is also completely finished for you, as well as a critical assessment of reality.
              2. Akim
                Akim 18 June 2013 22: 57 New
                0
                Quote: svp67
                We don’t go in black coveralls for a long time,

                Speaking of birds. Instead, they introduced a form, but is it permanent or interchangeable?
                1. svp67
                  svp67 19 June 2013 00: 41 New
                  0
                  Quote: Akim
                  Speaking of birds. Instead, they introduced a form, but is it permanent or interchangeable?
                  So the overalls remained, they just changed colors - at first they were “sandy”, now they are “camouflaged”
                  1. Akim
                    Akim 19 June 2013 05: 32 New
                    0
                    Quote: svp67
                    they just changed colors - at first they were “sandy”, now they are “camouflaged”

                    There was such a and under the "oak". It is hardened, salted terribly. Washing is disgusting and uncomfortable. Moreover, I did not operate the tanks, but only dealt with weapons (from infantry fighting vehicles to Acacia). And the tankers live next to the tank.
                2. svp67
                  svp67 19 June 2013 01: 04 New
                  0
                  Quote: Akim
                  Instead, they entered the form

                  I haven’t seen it personally, but here on TV they talk about the new Cowboy outfit, such as this, only here the guy TSH-4 on his head, not the pot

                3. svp67
                  svp67 19 June 2013 01: 09 New
                  0
                  Quote: Akim
                  Instead, they entered the form

                  Something like that
                  1. Kars
                    Kars 19 June 2013 09: 01 New
                    +1
                    In Israel, overalls with a connection to a tank air conditioner, and there is already a helmet-mounted weapon control system similar to the Apache helicopter
                    1. svp67
                      svp67 20 June 2013 11: 34 New
                      0
                      Quote: Kars
                      In Israel

                      ... have you been to Tahiti? ... winked
                      1. Kars
                        Kars 21 June 2013 19: 18 New
                        +1
                        Quote: svp67
                        Have you been to Tahiti ?.

                        Sri Lanka is not suitable?
                    2. Zveruga
                      Zveruga 16 September 2014 02: 52 New
                      0
                      Why connect the jumpsuit to the air conditioner? Isn't it easier to create a microclimate in the compartment?
  13. Crang
    Crang 18 June 2013 22: 13 New
    0
    How Kars doesn’t want Russia to have a T-99. Well, how does he not want this. Well right - brotherly people ep. And with what a mocking smile I will be the first to inform him that the T-99 Armata did appear.
    1. Kars
      Kars 18 June 2013 22: 45 New
      +1
      Quote: Krang
      How Kars doesn’t want Russia to have a T-99.

      Well, I'm innocent that you are a stupid fanatic and weak in logic.

      I just really want and am waiting for the appearance of a new generation tank, this will give an impetus to the development of all tank building. And it will give Ukraine new opportunities.
      Quote: Krang
      And with what a mocking smile I will be the first to inform him that the T-99 Armata did appear.

      Unless from a madhouse, if you don’t get the Internet cut off there. And the T-99 nomeklotury will no longer be in principle, so you will have to smile at yourself.
      1. Crang
        Crang 18 June 2013 22: 48 New
        0
        Quote: Kars
        . And the T-99 nomenclatures will no longer be in principle, so you will have to smile at yourself.

        We'll see.
        1. Kars
          Kars 18 June 2013 22: 54 New
          +1
          Quote: Krang
          We'll see.

          I hope not to wait too long)))
  14. Crang
    Crang 18 June 2013 22: 47 New
    0
    Tank battle in Syria. The closest (to us) T-72AV twice was captured in a tank that stood at the houses and destroyed it:
    http://office-humor.ru/tankovyy-boy-v-sirii-Syria-tank-battle_-ImP5GtduFK0
    1. Kars
      Kars 18 June 2013 22: 51 New
      +1
      Quote: Krang
      Tank battle in Syria. The closest (to us) T-72AV twice was captured in a tank that stood at the houses and destroyed it:

      And so what? ALL ALL the Syrian tanks there))))
      1. Crang
        Crang 18 June 2013 22: 57 New
        0
        I just did not understand who was the winner. Judging by the remarks behind the camera, this is not ours. And he failed just ours.
        1. Kars
          Kars 18 June 2013 22: 58 New
          +1
          T-72 vs T-55
          A tank of rebels destroyed a tank of government troops (presumably abandoned by the crew).
          1. svp67
            svp67 19 June 2013 00: 50 New
            0
            Quote: Kars
            T-72 vs T-55

            To be honest, the shooting quality is very poor, they’ve shot it on the phone ... But it seems to me that the affected tank is either T62 or T72, since the receiver seems to be in the middle of the barrel ...
            Here is another video, but T72 vs T72 is clearly understood ...
            [media = http: //krasview.ru/video/334759-Tankovyiy_boiy_v_Sirii]
            1. Kars
              Kars 19 June 2013 09: 02 New
              +1
              Quote: svp67
              about me it seems that the affected tank or T62 or T72

              what is written in the source is what he gave.
  15. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 19 June 2013 00: 49 New
    0
    Yes ... the "workhorse" time-tested, but where is the Chinese version?
    1. svp67
      svp67 19 June 2013 00: 52 New
      0
      Quote: sergey158-29
      Yes ... the "workhorse" time-tested, but where is the Chinese version?
      As I understand it, there will be a separate article on them, since the Chinese have a lot of options a, la Т72 ...
  16. Seraph
    Seraph 19 June 2013 01: 33 New
    0
    It would be better if the Romanians didn’t touch anything ...
  17. gallville
    gallville 19 June 2013 02: 48 New
    +1
    T-72M2 "Modern". This tank was first presented at the international exhibition “Deffendori-94 ″, where it aroused great interest of military specialists. The first thing that catches your eye - two automatic cannons KAA of 20 mm caliber, placed on the sides of the tower. With their help, it was possible to defeat both ground and low-flying air targets.

    A weighty argument in a city or mountains.
    Well, or at worst:
    A distinctive feature of the T-72AG is the presence of a closed-type anti-aircraft installation located on the commander's hatch.
  18. romb
    romb 20 June 2013 01: 25 New
    +1
    It is strange why the author did not indicate another Kazakh-Israeli modification of the T-72?
  19. romb
    romb 20 June 2013 01: 27 New
    +1
    T-72KZ
    Front view.