Military Review

Threats from space are growing

40
Threats from space are growingHumanity today needs to have a clear plan to save the earth from asteroid danger


The 15 exploded in February 2013 of the year in the Chelyabinsk region was the second largest meteorite after the Tunguska, which caused significant damage to the population and infrastructure of the region. The shock wave in the city and a number of other settlements in the region damaged many buildings, injured about a thousand people. All this reminded us of the possibility of a major catastrophe and even the complete destruction of humanity, if we do not take care of protecting the Earth from meteoric danger in advance.

The fall of the Chelyabinsk meteorite once again showed that measures to monitor outer space are clearly insufficient, and methods and means of protection against space bodies (CT) are completely absent. It is necessary to build a system of planetary defense of the Earth against a space invasion as soon as possible.

To effectively combat the asteroid danger, it is first necessary to create a system for detecting dangerous space aliens.

Starguard

In 1996, an international research organization “Space Guard” (CS) was established in Rome, initiated by the creation of which were Russian scientists. The task of the COP is to bring together specialists from all countries to prevent a possible collision of the Earth with asteroids and comets. Insufficient funding does not allow this organization to expand the work to the full. At present, only three radar telescopes (in Aresiba, Goldstone and Evpatoria), which were not created specifically for detecting celestial bodies, conduct regular observations of small QDs. Our and American scientists have long been proposing to begin work on creating a specialized radar for the asteroid defense system - the asteroid radar (European Near-Earth Object Radar). Radar measurements provide the most reliable high-precision information and allow you to build a stable forecast of the motion of a dangerous celestial body for a period of hundreds of years.



Asteroids are also monitored with the help of optical and thermal imaging telescopes. The latter make it possible to detect asteroids with greater probability than it can be done in visible light, because its infrared detectors can see both dark and light objects. Thus, the WISE complex, from January 2010 to February 2011, scanned the entire celestial sphere in infrared light twice, continuously photographing everything from distant galaxies to asteroids that are likely to come close to Earth. A significant number of large asteroids were found that could cause catastrophic global consequences if they collide with the Earth. These objects are large enough, but to notice them in the sky is very difficult. That is why the search for dangerous comets and asteroids should unite the efforts of many observatories and space agencies.

Russia also does not stand apart from solving this major problem. According to the head of Roskosmos, Vladimir Popovkin, today there are two systems for monitoring and predicting asteroid danger in the Ministry of Defense and the Russian Academy of Sciences, another one is being developed in Roscosmos. According to the head of the Federal Space Agency, they need to be combined in order to create an effective asteroid observation system before 2020. Such a system will allow, for example, to answer the question: how real is the threat to the Earth emanating from the Apophis asteroid (according to some astronomers, a collision can happen in 2036)? In order to accurately calculate its orbit, in 2024 – 2025, when the asteroid flies quite close to the Earth, it is planned to install a beacon on it.

NASA is already going to send an automatic weapon to the Bennu asteroid in 2016 as part of the OSIRIS-Rex mission, which will deliver asteroid rock samples to Earth in 2023. Also, the spacecraft will study its chemical composition, mineralogy and make a topographic map. A little later, these data will be compared with those obtained with the help of radar and telescopes, which will make it possible to more accurately determine the orbit of the asteroid's motion and calculate the probability of its collision with the earth's surface.

However, it is not enough to detect asteroids that are dangerous for the Earth and place lighthouses on them, it is necessary to prevent their catastrophic fall on large cities and other important objects.

Planetary shield

Scientists have long discussed various options for building a planetary defense system for the Earth against a space invasion. Critically assessing the possibility of practical implementation of the proposed methods for the near future, experts identify among them primarily the use of a space tug capable of transporting CT, as well as an early change in the trajectory in space due to the kinetic effect on CT or crushing it into parts using nuclear weapons.

As for the first method, there is a project that Russia can implement jointly with NASA. With the help of a space tractor, it is supposed to pull an asteroid with a diameter of 15 – 20 meters into the Moon’s orbit in order to send a manned expedition to it or explore it with the help of automata. The most goal-oriented task in this direction seems to be working out the technology of towing an asteroid in order to bring it to the right point in space. This technology is advisable to use, for example, to change the orbit of an object dangerous to the Earth by colliding with a towed small CT. However, the other side of the coin is also seen here. Such an asteroid can be turned into a powerful weapon by sending it into enemy territory. Russia should seriously think about before getting involved in such projects, and do everything possible so that the asteroids do not turn into a man-made space threat to our country and humanity.

The best way to protect the earth from asteroids seems to be the impact of a kinetic or nuclear (on a large CT) charge on them in order to change its trajectory.

The crushing of a large celestial body is fraught with no less threat to the inhabitants of the Earth because of the danger of falling onto the surface of many smaller, but rather massive fragments. To combat such fragments and suddenly appearing small QDs of 10 – 15 meters in size, it would be possible to use long-range air defense and missile defense systems. However, such systems, which are in service with developed countries, are not fully capable of intercepting CT at a fall rate of more than seven kilometers per second. Perform this task only by promising rocket systems designed to combat hypersonic targets.

A more acceptable option for combating dangerous CT is not crushing, but withdrawing them from the Earth by means of a directional explosion. Little experience with the implementation of such technology from earthlings already have.

An experiment on the effects of a kinetic (nuclear-free) charge on a CT scan was carried out in the USA on January 12 2005 according to the project Deer Imrast worth 313 million dollars. The target object was the nucleus of the comet Temple 1, and the carrier of the kinetic charge was the 1020 probe kilogram mass, launched by a rocket from Cape Canaveral. 3 July 2005, he approached the distance 500 kilometers and with him towards the comet Temple 1 was sent a copper probe "Impector" 99 centimeters long and 370 kilograms mass. Having accelerated to the speed of 10,6 kilometer per second, the Impector crashed into a comet and, thanks to the enormous kinetic energy, drilled a crater in it, whose radius was approximately 100 meters (the impact force was equivalent to the 4,8 explosion of tons of trinitrotoluene). After the collision, the speed of the comet changed to 0,0001 millimeters per second. If the projectile were more powerful and the speed of the comet changed to seven millimeters per second (the figure is also small), then in ten years the comet's trajectory would deviate from the calculated one for the whole radius of the Earth.

But not always humanity will have decades in store. Then one way out - to increase the power of exposure due to the use of nuclear charge. For the delivery of such charges from the developed countries of the world already have sufficiently reliable means. So, with the help of a heavy Russian “Energy” rocket, a kinetic or nuclear charge with a mass that is several orders of magnitude greater than that of the Impector can be put into orbit. Some scientists propose to place in orbit a satellite with a nuclear charge, which can be quickly applied on a dangerous CT scan. Such methods, in principle, can become the basis for creating a system of planetary defense of the Earth against a space invasion. However, along with many scientific and technical problems related to the military aspects of the use of outer space, including the ban on the withdrawal of nuclear weapons into the near-Earth space, along the way of their realization in life. In this area, there are a number of international agreements.

Agreed on Earth

In accordance with the Outer Space Treaty of October 10 1967, States parties are prohibited from placing nuclear weapons or any other means of mass destruction in Earth’s orbit, installing them on the Moon, any other celestial body, or at a station in outer space. This treaty restricts the use of the Moon and other celestial bodies solely for peaceful purposes and expressly prohibits the testing of any kind of weapon, the conduct of military maneuvers or the creation of military bases, structures and fortifications on them. However, this treaty does not prohibit the deployment of conventional weapons in orbit.

Understanding the danger of launching shock systems into space, 12 February 2008 of the Year The Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China jointly submitted to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva a draft Treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space, the use of force or the threat of force against space objects. The document provided for a ban on the placement of weapons of any kind in outer space, the use of force or the threat of force against space objects. Before that, Russia and China, together with a number of other states, had been discussing the mechanisms of this treaty for six years. At the same time, the conference presented the European draft Code of Conduct on space activities, adopted by the EU Council 9 December 2008.

The draft treaty and Code of Conduct were favorably appreciated by many countries participating in space activities, with the exception of the former US administration. The latter did not want to tie the hands of their country, which achieved overwhelming superiority in space.

20 January 2009 of the Year American President Barack Obama swore on the Bible to push for the prohibition of space weapons. It would seem that the new president decided to move away from the strategy of his predecessor, but soon his position was adjusted: instead of a ban on space weapons, the United States began to talk about a ban on certain actions in space. The United States decided to somewhat change its position in relation to the draft EU code. They agree to work on it, but with the essential qualification: the future Code of Conduct should not in any way restrict American activities in space related to national security. Moreover, according to the United States, this document should not be legally binding, and will be based on the implementation of the words given by the parties, that is, the Code of Conduct will not become part of international law.

Thus, in response to calls from Moscow to sign an agreement on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space, Washington responds with a stubborn refusal. It is not excluded that now, against the background of the fight against the threat from space, the USA will try to circumvent this ban and will try to add a fourth space component to the existing SNF triad. Such an outcome can dramatically increase the man-made danger of the destruction of the planet not from a space, but from a nuclear threat.

Damocles sword

The first swallow of the US space weapon can be the space plane X-37В, which has already twice visited a long space flight (the first time is 244 of the day in 2010, the second is 469 of days in 2011 – 2012). The flight program of this device is strictly classified, officially we are talking about testing breakthrough innovative technologies. However, many military experts believe that this spaceplane was created to transport space weapons into orbit. The UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) immediately after the launch of X-37В did not exclude such a possibility. The US military does not confirm the assumption of the military use of X-37B, but these versions fit well into the framework of the Pentagon’s concept of a rapid global response, which involves striking any part of the world within two hours. Judging by the spaceplane's payload, it can also carry nuclear weapons.

As for tests of nuclear weapons in space, the US Air Force, even in the 60s of the last century, worked out technologies for creating specialized nuclear weapons using the effects of the Earth’s magnetosphere perturbations that occur during nuclear magnetic explosions at altitudes from 250 to 1000 kilometers.

In 1958, Operation Argus began. From 27 August to 6 September, three 1,7 kiloton warheads were blown up in space. The test resulted in the appearance of artificial radiation belts - high-energy particles trapped by the Earth’s magnetic field formed fairly stable “clouds” in near-Earth space. In 1962, a successful Starfish experiment was conducted with the explosion of a cosmic nuclear charge at an altitude of 400 kilometers and a power of 1,4 megatons. The giant glow was seen on the Wake Atoll, and even in New Zealand. In Hawaii, street lighting went out, the telephone connection was turned off and the local radio station was silent for several hours. The electromagnetic impulse from the orbital explosion turned out to be unexpectedly “long-range”, and the maximum radius of expansion of the plasma explosion products that screened the radio emission exceeded one thousand kilometers. An extensive and powerful radiation belt appeared in the magnetosphere. At a minimum, three satellites trapped in it were disabled due to the rapid degradation of solar cells. Finally, the consequences of the explosion disappeared only after a few years.

A possible attempt by the United States to circumvent the ban on the withdrawal of weapons into space, especially nuclear, under the pretext of protecting the planet from space danger could pose a real threat to Russia's military security. And in this case, we can talk about two possible strategic situations.

First, the United States, through solid financial injections into the relevant branches of science and industry, can become technologically advanced and create a powerful structure of space weapons. Combined with the global missile defense system with space-based elements, the factor of the monopoly presence of space weapons by the United States can play a pivotal role in shaping the military-political situation in the world. In this regard, a strategic situation in space would become unpredictable due to the global space weapons operation zone and the possibility of covert disabling of space objects from other countries. The international situation would be subject to a strong destabilizing effect due to the possibility of a sudden use of space weapons, which would cause the international community a constant psychological feeling of the sword of Damocles. A space weapon of selective action, unlike WMD, could be a weapon of real use.

Secondly, industrially developed countries, including Russia, are unlikely to remain indifferent to the possible intentions of one state to place weapons in outer space. Most likely, they will attempt to prevent this and counteract such intentions by deploying at least some types of space weapons, creating means to counter weapons-based space systems, or building up other types of weapons. The result is the danger of a repetition of armed confrontation, stimulation of armed rivalry, but now with the coverage of a new sphere - outer space.

Growing threats

In no case should Russia stand apart from the solution of the imminent problem of protecting the Earth from "space aliens" and can contribute to this noble cause. In the event of a real catastrophic threat to humanity, all the forces of the planet will be thrown at its reflection. The most prominent scientists of the planet should be involved in the development of a planetary defense system for the Earth, and all developed countries should finance the project. The development of such a system is required to provide for the creation of a global international optical-electronic and radar network for observing outer space, as well as means for intercepting (diverting from the trajectory) dangerous space objects. As a last resort until the creation of powerful interception means, the possibility of using existing heavy launch vehicles should be considered, carrying out their respective modernization.

The development of a planetary defense system for the Earth should in no way hinder the advancement of the Russian-Chinese draft Treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space, the use of force or the threat of force against space objects. Placing weapons in space, especially nuclear ones, can lead to a new round of the arms race, to the production of new types of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery.

Humanity today needs to have a clear plan to save the Earth and civilization from asteroid danger. However, the implementation of this plan should not lead to the militarization of near-Earth space. Russia, possessing significant technical and scientific potential, is also obliged to contribute to ensuring global planetary security, while not forgetting possible military threats, including from space.
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  1. SlavaS
    SlavaS 14 June 2013 18: 54 New
    11
    But people in Chelyabinsk, even for a week but still became kinder !!!
    1. GreatRussia
      GreatRussia 14 June 2013 19: 20 New
      +4

      Firstly, the United States, through substantial financial investments in the relevant branches of science and industry, can go into the technological gap and create a powerful space weapons structure.

      If they could, then they would have long gone, but not bought Russian engines, for which they had already fought.

      Two American space companies are quarreling over the Russian RD-180 engine manufactured by NPO Energomash, designed for middle-class launch vehicles. US antitrust services suspect the United Launch Alliance of not giving its rival Orbital Sciences the opportunity to buy these engines for its Antares rocket.

      The US Federal Trade Commission has launched an antitrust investigation into a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and the Boeing United Launch Alliance (ULA), which is developing rocket launchers and launching satellites for government use.


      It is suspected of illegally depriving competitors of access to critical components from contractor RD Amross, which, in turn, depriving them of the opportunity to fully participate in tenders. This was reported by Reuters, at the disposal of which were the documents of the Federal Trade Commission.

      RD Amross is a joint venture of the Russian NPO Energomash and the American company Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. The first makes RD-180 engines, and the second delivers them ULA for their Atlas launch vehicles.

      According to American experts, these Russian engines are by their characteristics the only alternative for heavy rocket launchers capable of putting into orbit the US military, reconnaissance satellites and satellites for the needs of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

      ULA prevents RD Amross (and the Russian NPO Energomash) from selling RD-180 engines for rockets of other manufacturers, including the American company Orbital Sciences, which is trying to break into the profitable rocket launch market in the interests of the government.

      Orbital Sciences is a competitor to ULA. It stated that without the possibility of using the RD-180, the only liquid-propellant rocket engine optimally suited for their Antares missiles, they are unable to win government tenders and gain access to profitable orders.

      The US Federal Trade Commission has launched an antitrust investigation into a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and the Boeing United Launch Alliance (ULA), which is developing rocket launchers and launching satellites for government use.


      Next:
      http://www.vz.ru/economy/2013/6/14/637080.html
    2. T-100
      T-100 14 June 2013 21: 11 New
      -2
      In 1996 in Rome, the international research organization Space Guard (COP) was established

      ahah many differently understand these two letters (KS) laughing
      1. S_mirnov
        S_mirnov 14 June 2013 23: 46 New
        +3
        Are you guys really .....? What are the threats from space? Your Homeland and Your People are destroyed here and now on Earth by non-aliens and meteorites!
        1. cartridge
          cartridge 15 June 2013 00: 10 New
          0
          Are you guys really stupid? What are the threats from space?


          And what do you, S_mirnov, say to that?
          1. alexng
            alexng 15 June 2013 00: 30 New
            -3
            He is right. It is necessary to save the Earth from S_mirnova. And to protect our planet from such misfortune, you can simply arm the inhabitants of the Earth with fly swatter.
            1. Very old
              Very old 15 June 2013 05: 46 New
              0
              And here is the founder of the company producing the formidable weapons about "appeared. - You
            2. S_mirnov
              S_mirnov 15 June 2013 09: 53 New
              +2
              In my opinion you have revised the American blockbusters, a pro - nuclear missile on an asteroid! So he is drawn to an empty chatter, about orbital defense, and even directed in the wrong direction - where it is necessary by common sense.
              But it’s time to arm the swatter! wink
              1. alexng
                alexng 16 June 2013 23: 19 New
                0
                ABOUT! S_mirnov lit up two more of his additional nicknames.
        2. Very old
          Very old 15 June 2013 05: 40 New
          0
          "here and now on Earth", and some people think that Russia spends too much on defense. But then he must understand, a little. Now, if you hadn’t stolen yet ... Tell the former Minister of All-Russian dough
  2. Mizhgan
    Mizhgan 14 June 2013 19: 07 New
    +8
    The threat from outer space has always been, is and will be. It's just that at the moment, humanity, as a result of its scientific development, began to know more. But as before, the level of development will not allow at the moment in any way to resist the asteroid threat ...
    Although work in this area should be carried out, and not alone, but together, with all the brain and production potential.
    Maybe this will help somehow defuse the geopolitical divide ????
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak 14 June 2013 19: 22 New
      +7
      Quote: Mijgan
      Maybe this will help to defuse the geopolitical divide.


      A goal that will unite all the peoples of the earth. handsomely
      1. Svobodny
        Svobodny 14 June 2013 21: 00 New
        +1
        Quote: Vadivak
        Handsomely

        But, unfortunately, utopian ...
        1. Vadivak
          Vadivak 14 June 2013 21: 03 New
          +3
          Quote: Svobodny
          But, unfortunately, utopian ...

          understand
      2. Atlon
        Atlon 16 June 2013 05: 52 New
        0
        Quote: Vadivak
        A goal that will unite all the peoples of the earth. handsomely

        While “miracles-yudas” are in power, I mean “world” power, no one will “unite” any nations.
        As for the subject, the "towing" of asteroids and other frills, I have enough on the "Ren TV" which I watch for fun. As the wife will say: “Horror stories we'll see?”. The most ordinary SOVIET three-piece, will popularly explain to you why, from the point of view of physics, all your attempts to tow and other nonsense are UNREAL. At least with a modern level of technology, and the same speed of development, at least 1000 years. There is a classification of civilizations by level of development. The third, lowest level is a civilization that has mastered and controls energy comparable to the energy of its planet. The second level is a civilization that has mastered and controls energy comparable to the energy of its mother star. And the first, highest level of development, is a civilization controlling the energy of its galaxy. As you can see, we have not reached even close, even the 3rd level! Therefore, fucking discuss any garbage. Fucking and fucking! We can’t cope with the weather, what kind of meteorites ?! A good tornado of such damage brings more than a poor meteorite, and it happens more often than an example! laughing
        pysy
        Although for dimensionless sawn dough, the topic is very promising! bully
    2. Hudo
      Hudo 14 June 2013 19: 27 New
      +2
      Quote: Mijgan
      Although work in this area should be carried out, and not alone, but together, with all the brain and production potential.
      Maybe this will help somehow defuse the geopolitical divide ????


      The American jackal is not accustomed to vegetarianism, he eats only someone else's blood. There is no faith in treaties with USkali - how many American jackals do not feed, and he only looks for a moment to clutch his throat.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 14 June 2013 19: 29 New
        +5
        Quote: Hudo
        The American jackal is not accustomed to vegetarianism, he eats only someone else's blood. There is no faith in treaties with USkali - how many American jackals do not feed, and he only looks for a moment to clutch his throat.


        Well, we already know this, but what about space?
      2. Very old
        Very old 15 June 2013 05: 48 New
        0
        My friend, + with a plus.
    3. Kolya
      Kolya 14 June 2013 20: 22 New
      0
      A random asteroid can be the perfect weapon for amers. They will redirect him to Russia, and then they will say as usual with an innocent democracy “Oh, we warned about the danger of asteroids”. - Today it may be fantasy, but in the future - there is no better scenario for amers.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 14 June 2013 20: 38 New
        +5
        Quote: Kohl
        A random asteroid can be the perfect weapon for amers. Redirect him to Russia,


        How. Using superman? Don’t be offended, but science hasn’t reached this point
      2. Nick
        Nick 14 June 2013 21: 16 New
        +2
        Quote: Kohl
        They will redirect him to Russia, and then they will say as usual with an innocent democracy “Oh, we warned about the danger of asteroids”. - Today it may be fantasy, but in the future - there is no better scenario for amers.

        I do not think that such a scenario will be beneficial for the United States. How our strategic nuclear forces will work in the event of such a space strike, albeit an asteroid, only God knows. It is entirely possible to assume that Russia was attacked by nuclear weapons and will respond to it with everything possible ...
      3. Atlon
        Atlon 16 June 2013 05: 53 New
        0
        Quote: Kohl
        A random asteroid can be the perfect weapon for amers. Redirect him to Russia

        laughing
        Did you study physics at school?
  3. UFO
    UFO 14 June 2013 19: 19 New
    0
    This direction needs to be developed for the development of science in various fields, while we are not the last in space, although China is already stepping on its heels, the States have advanced far in the field of launches of various research apparatuses and telescopes, and move it! what
    1. Hudo
      Hudo 14 June 2013 19: 41 New
      0
      Quote: UFO
      nadot stir! what


      Oh right! I would not have to catch up.
  4. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 14 June 2013 19: 36 New
    +2
    I was 1000 km from the explosion but my head bent instinctively .. and I went to work .. And I also read that weapons were being developed in the USA: small satellites with good engines and electronics were attached to asteroids which have enough space near .. and remotely sent to a certain point of the earth..military intelligence simply warned that at least one would fall into the territory of the USSR even in the taiga a nuclear retaliatory strike would be immediate .. don’t know the truth is .. but the idea is not bad ..
    1. Atlon
      Atlon 16 June 2013 05: 55 New
      0
      Quote: MIKHAN
      I also read that weapons were being developed in the USA: small satellites with good engines and electronics were attached to asteroids which have enough space nearby .. and remotely sent to a certain point on the earth ..

      Urgently study the school physics textbook! laughing
  5. Stock captain
    Stock captain 14 June 2013 19: 53 New
    +4
    Exploding on February 15, 2013 in the Chelyabinsk region, the meteorite was the second largest after the Tunguska ...
    Firstly, is it already proven that the Tunguska Divo was a meteorite? Did the wreckage find or explain the anomalous phenomena that were observed long before the event? Secondly, at this stage in the development of technology there are no means of destruction with speeds of 20 km per second or more with which meteorites can move.
    1. Atlon
      Atlon 16 June 2013 06: 01 New
      0
      Quote: Stock Captain
      Secondly, at this stage in the development of technology there are no means of destruction with speeds of 20 km per second or more with which meteorites can move.

      Speed ​​is still half the trouble ... What about kinetics? wink
      You read the comments, and you are surprised ... Adults, everyone was in school ... And it seems as if the children, after a hang-up, in the pioneer camp discuss the problems of the universe, and ways to solve them ... laughing Really the majority in physics had a deuce? belay I understand, the Americans ... They throw away a pistol bullet and 150 kilogram ambalas by five meters, but not all physics were taught. It is useless for the humanities, and their specialization begins with the middle classes. Who is a nerd, who is a mathematician. And mathematicians do not make films. Therefore, everything is so simple for them. Bruce Willis flew in from a hangover, drilled an asteroid ... Well then everyone knows.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. pensioner
    pensioner 14 June 2013 20: 05 New
    +7
    We lagged behind almost catastrophically. We hardly enter into orbit, and the amers fly to Titan. They threw us one-time launches, and they themselves are working on breakthrough programs. And we are glad. And from strikes from space we will very soon be defenseless. And not only from meteorites. They ate URGENTLY something not to do.
    1. Know-nothing
      Know-nothing 14 June 2013 20: 48 New
      +1
      From the report of Popovkin http://president.kremlin.ru/news/17885

      For a long time, priority was given to manned projects. Over the years, they spent from 40 on 58 percent of the space program budget, often to the detriment of other areas. As a result, we lagged behind the world level in a number of areas, for example, by means of remote sensing of the earth, personal satellite communication systems, registration and rescue of objects in distress, and so on. A noticeable separation from the leading space powers was formed in us in technologies that provide programs for the development of the so-called deep space.
      [...]
      Our orbital constellation, as already mentioned, is prohibitively small, but if you open the program, we had 40 percent of the federal space program - this is a manned topic, 38 - these are launch vehicles and 9 percent - for all spacecraft except manned ones. But it was impossible to create them.
    2. bootlegger
      bootlegger 14 June 2013 20: 59 New
      0
      In your opinion, it turns out that if the pilot comes from South Africa and wins the Formula 1 race at McLaren, then it will be entirely the merit of Africa?
      What is it that the American flew to Titan then? Microcircuits?
      ULA uses the RD-180 engine assembled by NPO Energomash (Khimki) for the Atlas launch vehicle, and Orbital Sciences uses the Russian NK engines for its Antares launch vehicle (created with the participation of the Ukrainian Design Bureau Yuzhnoye and Yuzhmash) -33, converted and renamed the Aerojet AJ-26.

      The new Dragon ship flies on its Merlin 1C rocket engine characteristics (specific impulse) which is worse than the old Nk-33 designed for Soviet flights to the Moon. And they can not be compared with the RD-180 at all.
      1. Know-nothing
        Know-nothing 15 June 2013 08: 25 New
        -1
        RD-180 and NK-33 is not Maclaren, but the rear right wheel from McLaren. And the prize will be in South Africa, and the supplier of the wheel some profit. To each his own.
        1. bootlegger
          bootlegger 15 June 2013 10: 43 New
          0
          I’m telling you as a person educated in Baumanka. The engine in the rocket is the main thing, and the rest is the rear right wheel. And it can be made even by China, even Poland.
          This is clearly seen by the achievements of astronautics over the past 30 years, or rather by their absence. The rocket engines reached perfection by the 70s of the last century and now fly about the same probes as 40 years ago.
          The problem of the further development of space is the lack of cheap means of launching cargo into orbit and power plants for moving in space.
          1. Know-nothing
            Know-nothing 15 June 2013 12: 01 New
            0
            Quote: bootlegger
            The engine in the rocket is the main thing

            In the rocket - yes, but in the rocket complex - the payload is still the main payload, not the first-stage engine.
            1. bootlegger
              bootlegger 15 June 2013 12: 33 New
              0
              The load is the goal. And the engine is a means of achieving it.
              And everyone’s goals are always huge ..
              What ensures the delivery of this load? The stones could be piled on the mountain even by the ancient Egyptians. And they were able to create an engine for delivering cargo to orbit only in the second half of the 20th century ..
              It can be said that the main thing in the design of the car is the potato in the trunk ...
              1. Atlon
                Atlon 16 June 2013 06: 08 New
                0
                Quote: bootlegger
                It can be said that the main thing in the design of the car is the potato in the trunk ...

                laughing Wildly plus! good I liked the potatoes ... "and the prize is in Africa," the same potatoes! wassat
    3. MG42
      MG42 14 June 2013 21: 03 New
      +4
      Quote: retired
      We lagged behind almost catastrophically. We hardly enter orbit, and amers fly to Titan

      No matter how soon China would not have to skip ahead >>
      China is going to carry out the next - the fifth in a row - manned space flight. The Shenzhou-10 ship will be launched from the Jiuquan launch site in the Gobi Desert on Tuesday evening. Three Chinese cosmonauts ("taikunauts"), including one woman, will conduct a series of experiments in orbit, and will also conduct video lessons for students.

      Shenzhou 10 will be in orbit for 15 days. He will have to make two dockings with the Tiangong-1 orbital module, and it will be there where the secretaries will be located for twelve days. TO

      In 2020, the Celestial Empire plans to build its own space station with a laboratory in orbit, and the current flight into space will be an important stage in the implementation of this project.


      1. pensioner
        pensioner 14 June 2013 21: 45 New
        -4
        China will be the first ANYWHERE. In historical perspective. and in space, very soon.
      2. Very old
        Very old 15 June 2013 05: 54 New
        0
        Unfortunately, the story repeats itself - first we arm someone, then we think how to protect ourselves from them
    4. Very old
      Very old 15 June 2013 05: 51 New
      0
      Reverse side of the coin - cooperation with USApan
  8. Yuriwhite
    Yuriwhite 14 June 2013 20: 08 New
    +2
    The threat from space is of course realities. I myself am from Chelyabinsk and observed a meteorite explosion directly. I’ll tell you full unh - it will be armageddon if there is the possibility of sub or orbital bombardment. Therefore, it is urgent to develop means of intercepting such carriers.
  9. Yuriwhite
    Yuriwhite 14 June 2013 20: 08 New
    -1
    The threat from space is of course realities. I myself am from Chelyabinsk and observed a meteorite explosion directly. I’ll tell you full unh - it will be armageddon if there is the possibility of sub or orbital bombardment. Therefore, it is urgent to develop means of intercepting such carriers.
    1. pensioner
      pensioner 14 June 2013 20: 29 New
      0
      Good evening fellow countryman. I don’t know how you evaluate the work of your Ministry of Emergency Situations, but it seemed to us from the side that your Ministry of Emergency Situations worked perfectly. and the fact that there were no victims was their merit. Share your impressions.
  10. APASUS
    APASUS 14 June 2013 20: 36 New
    +2
    I don’t remember who said it.
    We just lift 60 tons of nails into space and your entire missile defense will be covered with a copper basin.
    Most likely it will have to be done ..........
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak 14 June 2013 21: 02 New
      +3
      Quote: APASUS
      We just lift 60 tons of nails into space and your entire missile defense will be covered with a copper basin.


      I heard about SOI on the TV Ren-TV, military secret seems
      1. MG42
        MG42 14 June 2013 21: 49 New
        +4
        Quote: Vadivak
        I heard about SOI on TV Ren-TV

        On Ren-TV, they’re doing everything, for example
        The Puppeteers Conspiracy.
        Description: Puppeteers, who and what? ..
        Atlantes wrote in stone what they wanted to convey to future generations.
        4th issue. "Spies from the constellation Orion" (REN TV broadcast 01.03.2012):
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TxaFdaEkx38

        Annunaki, reptilians, illuminati based on PEH-TB materials
        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-oWWpEziR8
        I don’t know why it’s necessary to twist the zomboyaschik, apparently to powder my brains ..
    2. Ustian
      Ustian 14 June 2013 21: 11 New
      0
      Quote- (I do not remember who said.
      We will simply lift tons of nails into space 60 and your entire missile defense will be covered with a copper basin.) In my opinion, M. Leontyev said in “However,” and he meant sewing needles
      1. atalef
        atalef 14 June 2013 21: 40 New
        +1
        Quote: Ustian
        We’ll just lift 60 tons of nails into space and your whole missile defense will be covered with a copper basin.) In my opinion, M. Leontyev said this in “However,” and he meant the sewing needle

        This is a series, a rag for children that is heavier than a kilogram of nails or a kilogram of cotton laughing
        what's the difference sewing is needles or nails? What will you output to 60t in space?
        1. bootlegger
          bootlegger 14 June 2013 22: 22 New
          0
          Quote: atalef
          What will you output to 60t in space?

          Several Protons. Three are enough at the NOU.
        2. APASUS
          APASUS 14 June 2013 22: 35 New
          0
          Quote: atalef
          Than 60t in space you will display

          The answer from that series .................. everyone and 20 tone will be for the eyes and ears.
          And this weight is not a problem
  11. 128mgb
    128mgb 14 June 2013 20: 37 New
    +1
    The article is certainly interesting, I put a plus. But I believe that we must immediately build the Death Star. And then, God forbid, a meteorite will blink to the earth not after 10000 years, but earlier. In about 9500 years.
    1. Atlon
      Atlon 16 June 2013 06: 11 New
      0
      Quote: 128mgb
      But I believe that we must immediately build the Death Star

      laughing
      I am against, colleague! Only the "dark planetoid" (C), and nothing more !!! am
  12. const72
    const72 14 June 2013 20: 37 New
    0
    Mankind today needs to have a clear plan to save the Earth and civilization from asteroid danger. However, the implementation of this plan should not lead to the militarization of near-Earth outer space.

    This will lead to this, and do not flatter yourself.
  13. Ustian
    Ustian 14 June 2013 21: 05 New
    0
    Somehow I watched a program where some egg-headed americos was discussing the prospects of using a thermonuclear weapon against a space object that threatens the earth. From his words it turns out that there is practically no shock wave in the airless space, so there will be no damage to the target !?
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 15 June 2013 13: 53 New
      -1
      It's just that physics is now suppressed by bookkeeping - cosmic bodies are destroyed mainly by ionization upon impact or exposure - electrons fly away, the material is left without a binder and scatters into small fragments such as meteor shower.
      Satellites give good examples - 1 gram hits, and the satellite breaks into hundreds of parts by electric forces.
      So what's normal with fusion, only special warheads are needed.
  14. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 14 June 2013 21: 07 New
    0
    All contracts for peaceful outer space are worthless on a market day. Yes, astronautics move science, things make life easier. The same ZhPS navigation, BUT ... it was originally a military project. Or remember what Yuri Gagarin flew into space . Now the issue of strengthening the aerospace defense is urgent. Open sources sometimes “hint” about the appearance of weapons with outstanding characteristics in Russia. If these weapons learn to knock down meteorites this will be only a side effect.
  15. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 14 June 2013 21: 08 New
    +3
    Amerikos are worse than asteroids ... we will ward off them and it’s easier to deal with asteroids ..
  16. Ustian
    Ustian 14 June 2013 21: 27 New
    +1
    Amerikos are worse than asteroids ... we will ward off them and it’s easier to deal with asteroids ..
    Organize a warm meeting with sussch and meteorite (such as Tunguska)
  17. pensioner
    pensioner 14 June 2013 21: 47 New
    +1
    Quote: Ustian
    Organize a warm meeting with sussch and meteorite (such as Tunguska)


    Not. More ...
  18. pakfa-t-50
    pakfa-t-50 14 June 2013 22: 16 New
    0
    If a meteorite wakes up, something will not save us
  19. individual
    individual 14 June 2013 22: 27 New
    +3
    Well, who are they threatening ..? bully fellow
  20. individual
    individual 14 June 2013 22: 49 New
    0
    No state is capable of protecting planet Earth alone from the threat of a meteorite, asteroid or comet.
    After all, even the exclusion of a possible collision of an asteroid with the Earth does not exclude the collapsed stream of all-penetrating x-ray particles and gamma rays?
    If we consider the political decision to unite all the resources of the world to eliminate the threat, then this is a distant future.
    One does not have to be a dreamer in order to recognize that modern states dividing the "indivisible" land territories and the waters of the sea shelf will suddenly, because of a hypothetical or real threat, build a defense of the common house - Earth. The history of human development has not yet reached global unification, even to achieve such a great goal.
    Let's believe that life goes on!
  21. Volkhov
    Volkhov 15 June 2013 02: 00 New
    0
    The speedy construction of a system of planetary protection of the Earth from space invasion is necessary.

    And whoever needs it - the population will have to build it themselves, underground.
    It was the Chelyabinsk case that showed that government agencies use lies and cordon against the comet explosion, the main task is to prevent anxiety, and ignore the prospects of the population.
    Real protection against space threats is a system of knowledge and technical capabilities, but knowledge is forbidden - and therefore there is no protection.
  22. askkasko
    askkasko 15 June 2013 17: 24 New
    0
    I want to share with you my recent discovery, this is a service for finding any information about a person! As I saw, I looked and thought that it was all a divorce, but after a minute I was horrified to see all the information about myself, about my friends, about my boyfriend! There is literally everything there and it's all in the public domain! http://ovpoisk.gu.ma
  23. lilit.193
    lilit.193 15 June 2013 18: 18 New
    +1
    Less nonsense on "Ren-tv"look and there will be no such bad thoughts. lol Or they forgot how they all advertised "doomsday" last year. Well, don't be like baffles guys! wink
    The article put a minus, both useless and alarmist. negative A cool picture. Here's another one on this topic.
    1. MG42
      MG42 15 June 2013 18: 43 New
      +2
      Quote: lilit.193
      Look less than any nonsense on "Ren-TV" and there will be no such bad thoughts.

      About Lilith, also on Ren-TV
      Reptiloids, Lilith and Illuminati 1 PART lol watch xnumx
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L88ypAdsmfI

      Reptiloids, Lilith and Illuminati 2 PART
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_FBBwi9BPYg
    2. MG42
      MG42 15 June 2013 19: 01 New
      0
      Lilith, do you have any relation to sectarians or is it just a coincidence with delusional programs on Ren-TV?
      1. lilit.193
        lilit.193 15 June 2013 19: 52 New
        +1
        Quote: MG42
        Lilith, do you have any relation to sectarians or is it just a coincidence with delusional programs on Ren-TV?

        Sergey, can you describe here in detail the logical chain that led you to this conclusion? wink
        1. MG42
          MG42 15 June 2013 20: 21 New
          +2
          Lilith, just a curious coincidence, the name is quite rare = you yourself indicated it in the profile, and I just watched Ren-TV bully ..in the first link, by the way on the forum about the world conspiracy, they already proved here, aren’t you the truth that Hitler was a puppet of the Anglo-Saxons, and they ... I won’t continue on ... everything is just like on Ren-TV, Prokopenko stamps such programs already a year, whose money is it ?, and Starikov was often pushed into the plot by the author of articles here ..
          1. lilit.193
            lilit.193 15 June 2013 23: 53 New
            +2
            Quote: MG42
            Lilith, just a curious coincidence, the name is quite rare = you yourself indicated it in the profile

            Yes, she indicated. But in general, this is something like an alias. So my friends call me and I'm already used to it. But it looks like my real name. If you are so interested, then my name is Lily. So there was no mysticism nearby. wink
            Quote: MG42
            and I just watched Ren-TV bully ..in the first link, by the way on the forum about the world conspiracy, they already proved here, aren’t you the truth that Hitler was a puppet of the Anglo-Saxons, and they ... I won’t continue on ... everything is just like on Ren-TV, Prokopenko stamps such programs already a year, whose money is it ?, and Starikov was often pushed into the plot by the author of articles here ..

            I don’t see any logic anyway. winkBut Prokopenko is stamping. For the money of those who benefit from powdering people's brains. wink
            1. MG42
              MG42 16 June 2013 00: 11 New
              +4
              Lilith is from Kabbalah, a secret current in Judaism ..
              Lilith (lat. Lamia, associated with Heb. Lyl, "night") is an evil spirit, usually female, in Jewish demonology.

              http://myfhology.info/monsters/demons/l/demon-lilit.html
              Quote: lilit.193
              If you are so interested, then my name is Lily. So there was no mysticism nearby

              Well, if so, then I apologize and plus. love
              1. lilit.193
                lilit.193 16 June 2013 12: 18 New
                +3
                Quote: MG42
                Lilith is from Kabbalah, a secret current in Judaism ..
                Lilith (lat. Lamia, associated with Heb. Lyl, "night") is an evil spirit, usually female, in Jewish demonology.


                I have nothing to do with Kabbalah, secret currents, Judaism, evil spirits and demonology. smileBut now I will know. Thanks for the info. smile
                Quote: MG42
                Well, if so, then I apologize and plus. love

                Is accepted. smile Mutually. smile