Military Review

Do so that did not work, as always

20
Do so that did not work, as alwaysArmy reforms and country security experiments


The last three to five years in the military department there have been so many different changes in the organizational structure of staff, personnel decisions, and also proposed so many different innovations that were not carried out deliberately and quickly, that many thought about, and whether such reforms are needed at all? Essentially, the basic rule was ignored, suggesting that any structural and other changes in the military environment should not only improve the daily life of the troops, but the main thing is to significantly increase the combat readiness of units and subunits. Unfortunately, this was not always the case. That is why the new leadership of the Ministry of Defense much of what has already been done in this direction and did not find a real improvement in the troops, cancels and brings back to life the organizational structure of the connections, the forms and methods of leadership that have been tested for decades.

Reform Reform

Today, who does not advise the Ministry of Defense. It seems that the remaining supporters of the dismissed minister, even those who are distant from the army, make no less effort to surprise and convince the new head of the military department and the country's leadership in the expediency of their adoption with a variety of proposals.

In this publication, only two such proposals are offered for consideration, which have recently been received from the leadership of a number of higher educational institutions and accepted for elaboration by the Ministry of Defense. Currently, they are already actively discussed in the media and society.

First of all, it concerns the passage of military service by the call of students of higher educational institutions who prepare reserve officers in military departments. Of course, the need to change the format of training officers in military departments in universities was long overdue. Especially in view of the currently established opinion in society that training in military departments in a number of universities is nothing but a legal evasion of a military duty, and even with such a privilege as conferring an officer's military rank. In the current state of affairs in ten years the question will arise, but do we need such officers, who saw the soldier and sergeant only in the living conditions, commanded them and exploited complicated military equipment only theoretically?

That is why the change in the existing system of training officers in the military departments of universities should be reviewed. However, it is necessary to approach this not only taking into account the financial capabilities of the state, but most importantly, taking into account the real life of the troops, without disturbing their planned combat training, without reducing the combat capability (combat readiness) of military units and subunits. At the same time, after all, realizing that the customer for the training of these specialists is the Armed Forces of the country.

ONE LEG IN UNIVERSITY, SECOND - IN THE ARMY

The way in mass media discussed today, where every year, for three years, for three months, students of military departments will do military service in military units in specialties prepared in the departments, just does not take into account the main thing - what will it give for improvement ( ) the combat capability of those parts where they will be prepared? But this is a matter of real combat readiness of the troops, and not a virtual computer game.

Such training in the student troops cannot but affect the combat readiness of the units where they will serve. First, it will not be possible to appoint all of them to positions in the specialties due to the fact that these positions for which they are trained in the departments are mainly in the army held by officers, warrant officers or sergeants with military service experience. Placing them in the positions of soldiers defining combat readiness in constant-readiness military units is also impractical because after three months of service they will return to study, and the vacant full-time posts will be vacant until the next military recruitment period (spring, autumn), and this is a significant decrease in the combat readiness of the unit . Under the option of staffing with subsequent batches of students, this military unit will practically become a training unit with completely different tasks. It will have to create at the expense of combatant units. Moreover, staffing new divisions with the best junior commanders from the units of constant readiness, which the troops are not rich in anyway.

In addition, the cost of implementation of this proposal will increase significantly. After all, before each shipment to the troops, they (and this will be three years in a row) will need to carry out a follow-up medical examination, since during each subsequent year he may get sick or there will be other reasons that may prevent his three-month service.

The cost of their transportation will increase several times. Problems will arise with the military uniform (considering that a significant part of the students live in dormitories). But you never know what can happen in three years, when a student will no longer be able to go to a military unit.

In this situation, the most acceptable and appropriate (alternative) option for improving the training of students in military departments in the military is their one-year military service call - immediately after graduating from military departments with their academic leave.

At the same time, it is necessary to establish that the military rank of reserve officer should be appropriated only after completion of training at the military department and undergoing military service by conscription.

The proposed option preserves the equality of all citizens of military age under the Law on Universal Military Duty, will actually improve the quality of training of future officers, as well as increase the base of recruitment. In addition, these citizens will be given the opportunity to go through military service in all military units of ministries and departments, where the law on conscription military service by conscription and already in the army to become junior commanders, gaining experience with personnel.

Legislative consolidation of this proposal will also significantly increase the basis for selecting the Armed Forces of the most competent, trained in universities and practice in the army of officers as platoon and company commanders. In this case, there will be no need to find additional financial resources and strength for the creation of separate military units (essentially training ones) to train reserve officers there.

As for increasing the motivation of university students to study at the military department, it is possible to study the issue of financial supplements to them during their studies. One of the proposals on this issue could be a cash surcharge from the Ministry of Defense in the amount of 20 – 30% of the monetary support of cadets of military schools. It is possible to work out other preferences and benefits.

In addition, university students after the end of military service by conscription, regardless of previous academic performance, availability of academic arrears, must grant scholarships from the moment they are returned to educational institutions, and nonresidents must be provided with places in hostels. Rectors of universities are obliged to ensure the prompt resolution of all issues related to the continuation of studies of these students and the creation of adequate living conditions for them. Allow university rectors to set terms for the elimination of academic debts to students who have served individually within one year.

In my opinion, it is precisely the adoption of such a format of training in military departments will be most fair for all the young men of our country who are preparing to fulfill their constitutional duty to protect the Fatherland.

NII NEEDS STUDENTS, NOT SOLDIERS

As for the other proposal - the creation of scientific companies, then it seems to me that such a decision has no prospects for practical implementation, in any case, as it was intended or in the way it was reported to the country's leadership. It's simple - the idea was born and run to implement it. Theoretically, maybe everything is not bad, but from the practical side it is completely incomprehensible what a graduate of a higher education institution can give, even if he is extraordinarily talented for a year of military service in some military-scientific association or laboratory? In the best case, he will be entrusted with something of little importance, which is not related to the actual development of any project. And how could it be otherwise, because these research centers are working on the defense of the country and their developments constitute a state secret. It turns out that in a few years about these little-known organizations, laboratories will know a very large number of university graduates who have served there, perhaps in quantitative terms much more than the staff of this institution. It seems that this will not contribute to preserving the secrecy of the developments that are being created there.
By the way, all the most promising students from the 2 – 3 courses come to the attention of the scientific community of institutes and many of them are involved in certain scientific research, and after graduation they are invited to work in these research institutes and laboratories.

In my opinion, these guys should be selected for defense research institutes by students with entering into any contracts with them, gradually attracting them to small projects, offering for the future any prospects for engaging in scientific developments and assistance in living arrangements. After all, this is a special category of people and they should be treated with special tact and respect. Otherwise, nothing good will come of it. They, poor fellows, get rid of it, it is not clear in what capacity a year - that’s all the benefits from them.

In Soviet times, and even in the middle of 90, as a definite preference, all specialists with higher education working in defense enterprises, military research institutes, and laboratories were granted a deferment from military service for the duration of their work until 27 these institutions. After working for several years, most graduates remained there to work forever. Perhaps this is one of the alternatives to the decision, which is real and practically does not require significant costs.
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  1. My address
    My address 10 June 2013 07: 44 New
    +1
    Kozma Prutkov called: "Hurry slowly!". In all areas of activity, it is necessary to think about what change will lead not only now and throughout the country, but also in ten or one hundred years. It happens well, just itchy for some people and change something without thinking.
  2. cartridge
    cartridge 10 June 2013 07: 46 New
    +3
    Very reasonable stuff. I agree with the author 100%. This is really belching of Serdyukovschina.
  3. Fox
    Fox 10 June 2013 07: 50 New
    +1
    poor students .... 1 year from their worthless life they cannot serve in the Army. FEAROUSLY how many students who have cut off 90% of the genetic garbage from the army are useless even (after graduation) to sweep the streets. they are imprisoned recently, a friend (23 years old, a military soldier in his arms, clean, a good salary) asked to GET into the Army. offered money. he just didn’t take him to the military registration and enlistment office, like, walk a military soldier in his arms. and this is not the first time! yes, by the way, a lot of guys SERVED, learned and do not worry. Do not whine about the lost years.
    1. My address
      My address 10 June 2013 08: 14 New
      +5
      There is an insulting anecdote for current students. Conversation in the personnel department.
      - Here is a diploma. I am talented, creative, capable, tolerant. Take to work!
      - It's good. But tell me the main thing, do you know how to do anything?
    2. Sergey_K
      Sergey_K 10 June 2013 20: 51 New
      -1
      At most I guess 5 classes? The student must work and gain experience during the holidays. The army is also possible, but from my own experience I know that our army is infinitely far from science.
  4. shurup
    shurup 10 June 2013 08: 10 New
    0
    Say a word about the poor student.
    Shoigu does not let him stand.
    But Putin’s heart is more tender than Shoiguyev.
    The jacket will change to a simple tunic.
    Unarmed - a tax on all types of income for life, such as bachelors.
    Tatarstan will financially win in front of the capitals.
  5. lewerlin53rus
    lewerlin53rus 10 June 2013 08: 41 New
    +5
    In Soviet times, they left the Army from the first year, and after 2 years they returned and studied further. And this contributed, among other things, to the normal screening of those who really want to learn and have just done so. And now, many people go to institutes only in order to get rid of the army. They absolutely do not care where to enter. And many go for bribes. But for those who really want to learn, but there is no money for bribes, do not break through. And what specialists can then leave universities?
  6. Egoza
    Egoza 10 June 2013 09: 23 New
    +8
    Both of my sons served with me, and then I learned. And nothing "scary"! The army is really a "school of life", and the saying "who did not serve is not a man" is absolutely true. And the guys study after the army much better than those who simply entered and spent their time at the school desk for 5 years.
    Shoigu is now very difficult - it is necessary to correct the previous "reforms" and not to break new firewood. God willing will cope.
    1. lewerlin53rus
      lewerlin53rus 10 June 2013 09: 52 New
      +5
      Quote: Egoza
      ! The army is really a "school of life", and the saying "who did not serve is not a man" is absolutely true

      "Who was a student, saw youth, who was a soldier, saw life" is an old army saying.
  7. fenix57
    fenix57 10 June 2013 10: 10 New
    +2
    Quote: Egoza
    Both of my sons served for me, and then I learned. And nothing "scary"! The army is really a "school of life", and the saying "who did not serve is not a man" is absolutely true

    You know. I’m ashamed to admit, but my SON point blank does not want to go and (20 years old to him),
    although he himself married his mother, the daughter of an officer, after winked presenting a “warrior” (anyway!), then “a little” at the STATE SERVICE (6,4 years ..), like many have a divorce ... But I didn’t bring him up. So it happened ...YES, MINUS TO ME, AS A FATHER.AND HEAD I ASK WITH ASH AND THIS WITHOUT HUMOR AND SARCASM ... no
  8. Orel
    Orel 10 June 2013 11: 06 New
    0
    Why cheat yourself? Even 1 year of service will not allow a person to be fully prepared for solving problems. Only a contractor can be fully ready for 100% and effective. And the evidence for this is one, but incontrovertible. The army and equipment are developing so fast that a soldier who has served a year-long service may lose his qualifications in a couple of years, as the equipment is updated and complicated, more than one time is required for its maintenance and even more effective use, and constant improvement and no military training will help .
    1. Fin
      Fin 10 June 2013 12: 36 New
      +4
      A fully contracted army in Russia will never be. Look at the length of the borders. Let's forget this excuse for those who do not want to serve. Everyone should go through this and at least learn how to shoot from a machine gun. Contracting will support the qualification and handle sophisticated equipment. In the army there are enough posts such as pull, push, carry, carry, etc., which can not be done. Intelligent conscripts worth its weight in gold. And when they return their development is much higher than that of those who did not serve.
    2. Misantrop
      Misantrop 10 June 2013 21: 10 New
      0
      Quote: Orel
      Only a contractor can be fully ready for 100% and effective. And the evidence for this is one, but incontrovertible

      During the times of the USSR, there was a rather decent number of naval officers with the common nickname "bark beetles" in the MRAF Black Sea Fleet. When I asked about the reason, it turned out that they were graduates of the Leningrad Forestry Engineering Academy, whose military department was just preparing air navigators. At the end of the university they went to serve and ... remained
    3. nerd.su
      nerd.su 10 June 2013 21: 53 New
      +1
      Quote: Orel
      Only a contractor can be fully ready for 100% and effective.

      And what if the war? Not WHO, but war. Where then to get a million, or even two, qualified contractors? Or were you told that there would definitely not be a war?

      Quote: Orel
      And the evidence for this is one, but incontrovertible. The army and equipment are developing so fast that a soldier who has passed the one-year service may lose his qualifications in a couple of years, as the equipment is updated and complicated

      After a couple of years to lose qualification because the technique is new? And name five new tanks that have been enlisted en masse in the last 10 years? Or maybe over the past 10 years, small arms have changed five times? Do not blame the contractors, scary to serve - say so laughing
  9. Egen
    Egen 10 June 2013 13: 20 New
    0
    IMHO
    The author is right ... but wrong at the root :))
    You see in the current students of military departments full-fledged officers. Which will continue to serve, etc. The measures you propose - I absolutely agree. But I’m afraid that these _conscious_ students can now be counted on the fingers and everything will be repaired in one place :( Everything is simply because our society does not have our propaganda, ideology, etc. IMHO, more emphasis should be put on this.
    And a monetary incentive ... It’s like with doctors: whoever wants to be a doctor by vocation or offspring will go anyway, and who doesn’t, you won’t be lured by any money. And if you lure, then such a doctor will be ... i.e. Already there are such, most of them :( I would not want this story to become with the officer corps :(
    Therefore, I think that it’s hard to rely on such graduates (to bet on quick high-quality updating / replenishment / ...), except for the officers, it’s not necessary, as it were, to the reserve ...
  10. Vtel
    Vtel 10 June 2013 14: 23 New
    +2
    It seems that the remaining supporters of the dismissed minister, even those who are far from the army, are making no less efforts to surprise and convince the new head of the military department and the country's leadership in the expediency of their urgent adoption by a number of various proposals.

    As they say in Russia, two troubles: “Oaks and Roads,” in this case, the problem with oaks in the buttonholes, their thoughts began to frantically work out of fear of falling from their seats and their “ingenious” thoughts were filled with a fountain of nano-offers.

    Theoretically, maybe everything is not bad, but from the practical point of view it is completely incomprehensible what a yesterday’s graduate of a university can give, even if he was extraordinarily talented for a year of military service in some military-scientific association or laboratory? In the best case, he will be entrusted with something of little significance that is not relevant to the actual development of any project.

    These will most likely be scientific companies studying the flight of a mosquito in the barracks, the length of the drill stride and the creation of a program to calculate the remaining days to Dembel.
    It would be a thought, and money would be allocated for this, although it was straining - they removed the main coordinator Sir-Dyukov. What can I say Russia is rich in talents, both of them.
  11. PPO-1980
    PPO-1980 10 June 2013 16: 03 New
    +1
    About science completely agree. And as for the military departments, I can add that the state itself allows it to slope. Does not call for service after graduation. From personal experience I will say that during the period of study at the department, those who graduated from senior courses were not called up. Ranks were given. And that’s all. My course was unlucky came a call order. But here is the salt, everyone who could have scattered about the hospitals. Who has a head, who ... a. Unsuitable recognized. And the titles with ... and received. I served as an ordinary (for objective reasons). So they asked what the army gave me and what for it surrendered to me. It's a shame, yes. They C ... and shoulder straps are “worn”, they didn’t smell footcloths, and they teach life. But the state spent the money, and in response silence. Select shoulder straps, demoted to privates !!!!! I support the idea of ​​giving epaulettes after serving. And then we have a lot of sick "officers" .....
    1. Skunk
      Skunk 10 June 2013 17: 36 New
      +1
      Envy them? Yes? It seems that you don’t really hide it ...
  12. Fin
    Fin 10 June 2013 17: 56 New
    -2
    Quote: Skunk
    Envy them? Yes? It seems that you don’t really hide it ...

    And you, apparently, from those who have got sick before the call? It was probably scary to go, there is no mom, no one to wipe the ass and snot?
    1. Skunk
      Skunk 10 June 2013 21: 49 New
      0
      And I'm one of those who had a military department laughing And then the military enlistment office did not need my specialty. Well, such a misfortune wink
  13. tank64rus
    tank64rus 10 June 2013 20: 33 New
    0
    The example of Libya and Syria showed that the world reeks of gunpowder. In the USSR, the entire system could quickly be mobilized to solve ANY task. Now there is no such thing. Instead of clearing all Serdyukovites from the army, everything is done in half. Half-hearted decisions have never been successful. We do not have a military education and science defeated and no one is going to seriously punish those responsible for this;
    1. reichsmarshal
      reichsmarshal 10 June 2013 22: 17 New
      +1
      An example of Libya and Syria showed
      only that in modern warfare will be won by those who are followed by ordinary people. And ordinary people follow those who give freedom and the right to choose their own destiny (even if this choice does not bring anything good). If Uncle Sam sends a machine gun to all 50 thousand “swamp” demonstrators, they will shoot each other in half 3-4 days, but the remaining 25 thousand will blow the current regime to a foe. But Russian conscripts from the army will simply go home, just like the Iraqi ones back then, in 2003. The draft army is defended by those who during the "urgent" organized hazing there, beat those who are weaker. Gopota calls it: like an army - it's a school of life! I myself am a doctor, I saw what our army is doing with people, and the political regime that it defends.
      1. fisherman
        fisherman 11 June 2013 03: 29 New
        0
        if the muddy vodka begins, then first of all it will be the bogs spread on the asphalt ...

        it’s not for nothing that it was said: “Russia is a country of frightened liberals”
        1. reichsmarshal
          reichsmarshal 11 June 2013 22: 08 New
          0
          I agree. But for the murky vodka to begin, one fad is needed: civilian weapons. Without it, ordinary people are just targets for the entertainment of Caucasians in the form of riot police. A swamp (in the sense - those, then a liberal) slap without pity, that's for sure.