Military Review

Anti-tankers

31
Anti-tankers

During the Great Patriotic War, anti-tank artillery made its significant contribution to the overall victory over the enemy. Fighters, all those who were supposed to knock out enemy Tanks, very often respectfully called anti-tankers. As one of the participants of the Great Patriotic War, a veteran from Orel, explained: “In each battle they were destined to either stop the enemy or die.” It often happened that the very first battle of the anti-tank crew, became its first and last battle, to resist the German Panzerwaffe with their best optics and powerful armor in the world was not easy.


From military stories it is known that anti-tank artillery appeared immediately after the appearance of tanks, as a means of fighting them. At first it was the usual field guns allocated to combat armored vehicles, and soon a special type of artillery was already formed, this is anti-tank artillery. In contrast to the rest of the artillery, anti-tank guns had a flat trajectory of shooting, a wide angle of guidance on the front, a low silhouette, a protective shield from bullets and shrapnel. A well-equipped, disguised position with earthen parapet and a relatively small weight of the PTO allowed the calculation to quickly change the position.

However, all these advantages of anti-tank artillery were quickly reduced to zero immediately after the start of the battle, even the perfectly disguised positions of the weapons of anti-tank guns were detected by the enemy in a very short time and then the battle turned into a deadly battle between the crew of an anti-tank gun armored weapon in the open area.



Due to the low height of the gun, the calculation often had to work, bent over, and with small-caliber guns, for example, 45-millimeter guns and generally kneeling. The protective shield only covered the front of bullets and debris from the front, so even an unaimed shot of a fragmentation shell fired from a German tank was practically fatal for calculating VET.

Anti-tankers had to act in battle very quickly and harmoniously, since the range of the direct shot of the anti-tank gun was about 800 - 850 meters. In the course of the battle, in conditions of heavy smoke, constant shelling, change in target movement, the effective firing range was less than the total, somewhere around 400-500 meters.

This distance was a German tank for 2-3 minutes. And if the artillery position was discovered, then the account was already only for a second. Here who will have time to shoot first.

The experience of the first year of the war showed that the use of small independent units as a mobile reserve proved to be the best way to use anti-tank artillery. In this regard, in the spring of 1942, when the anti-tank guns began to come from industry already in the required volume, the first place was the task of organizing anti-tank units in a more rational form.

The beginning of the organizational reform in March-April 1942. steel measures to strengthen the anti-tank defense armored units. Following this, taking into account the new fire capabilities and based on the experience of hostilities, the State Defense Committee (GKO) 15 May 1942. identified a separate anti-tank artillery regiment as the main organizational unit of the anti-tank artillery of the Red Army.

This is how the special purpose of anti-tank artillery was formed as an easy-to-control rapid reaction force capable of deploying at any firing line in readiness for direct fire from short distances.

Such a little-known fact speaks about how serious attention the country's leadership attached to anti-tank artillery.
Night 30 June 1942g. the main artillery commanders were simultaneously summoned to the Kremlin for the GKO meeting: Colonel General of Artillery N.N. Voronov and N. D. Yakovlev, as well as the entire top of the Guards mortar units of the Red Army: Lieutenant General Artillery L.M. Gaidukov, Guards Major-General of Artillery V.V. Aborenkov and Major-General of Artillery P.А. Degtyaryev.

The content of a short conversation that took place in the presence of I.V. Stalin, L.P. Beria, G.M.Malenkov and V.M.Molotov is not known, but the next day 1 July 1942 was the People’s Commissar of Defense I.V. Stalin signed secret order No. XXUMX “On the renaming of anti-tank artillery units and subunits into anti-tank and anti-tank artillery units and establishing advantages for the commanding and rank-and-file staff of these units.”

This order read: “In order to improve the quality of the fight against enemy tanks, create and accumulate cadres of tank gunners, destroy their skills and isolate anti-tank artillery units from other types of artillery, I order:

1. Light and anti-tank artillery regiments RGK, anti-tank divisions of infantry divisions and batteries 45-mm guns of infantry regiments renamed to anti-tank anti-tank artillery regiments, divisions and batteries.

2. To establish to the commanding staff of these parts and subdivisions one-and-a-half, and to the junior commanding and ordinary staff - double salary of content.

3. All commanding personnel of anti-tank artillery units and subunits, up to and including the division commander, should be registered and used only in the specified units.

4. The gun commanders and deputy gun commanders (gunners) of these units should be assigned the military rank of “senior sergeant” - “sergeant”, respectively, and the post of deputy gunner should be assigned with the military rank of “junior sergeant”.

5. The commanding officer, the junior commanding officer and the rank-and-file composition of anti-tank artillery units and subunits, being treated at hospitals, after curing, should be sent only to the specified units.

6. To install a special sleeve insignia for all personnel of anti-tank artillery units and subunits, according to the attached description, worn on the left sleeve of the overcoat and tunic.

7. Set a bonus for each tank that was shot down in the amount of: to the gun commander and gunner - 500 rubles, the rest of the gun crew 200 rubles.

8. The number of tanks destroyed by the gun should be marked with a number on the tank figure, drawn in the upper right corner of the inside of the cannon shield. The figure of the tank to draw black, and the figure showing the number of wounded tanks, white paint.

9. In order to use anti-tank artillery units to solve the tasks of directly supporting infantry, personnel of these units should be trained not only to fire at direct-fire tanks, but also to fire at other targets from open and closed firing positions.

10. Paragraph 2 of this order does not apply to anti-tank artillery units of the Far Eastern, Trans-Baikal and Transcaucasian Fronts. "(Russian Archive: Great Patriotic War: Orders of People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR 22 June 1941 - 1942 T. 13 (2-2). M. : TERRA, 1997, S. 263-264) ".


The distinctive sign of the anti-tank was the armlet in the form of a black diamond with a red edging with crossed gun barrels. This sign existed in the Red, and then in the Soviet Army until the 1956 year.

The rise in the status of anti-tankists was accompanied by the formation of new anti-tank anti-tank regiments.
Already on July 16 1942, the GKO Decree No. 2055ss began the formation of ten light artillery (twenty 76-mm cannons) and five anti-tank artillery regiments (twenty 45-mm cannons) for July 30 at artillery centers. 26 July was followed by a decree on the formation of another 35 regiments - 20 for twenty 76-mm cannons and 15 for twenty 45-mm guns.

Thus, the fighters and commanders of the IPTA (Anti-Tank Artillery Fighter) became the real military elite of the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War.

If at the initial stage of the war, anti-tankists had mainly only the famous 45 mm VET and PTR of two types, then by the middle of the war, the anti-tank units were significantly enhanced, for example, in the separate IPTAB 34 one regiment (502 IPTAP) was fully armed 76 mm guns, and the other two regiments had on their weapons guns caliber 45-mm and 57 mm. The whole brigade was fully motorized and moved to the Studebaker and Chevrolet cars.

The tactics of applying and the organizational and staff structure of anti-tank artillery units and formations did not stand still and constantly improved.

Thus, self-propelled guns appeared as part of the anti-tank artillery, and by the beginning of 1944, all the fighter-anti-tank brigades had been re-formed all the fighter divisions and individual fighter brigades of the general type.

On 1 January, 1944, in anti-tank artillery, were listed as 50 anti-tank brigades and 141 anti-tank and anti-tank regiment. By the order of NKO No. 0032 from 2 of August 1944, one SU-85 (21 SAU) regiment was added to the composition of the fifteen anti-tank brigades.
However, the actual self-propelled guns received only eight brigades.
At the beginning of 1944, the staff of a separate self-propelled artillery division of a rifle division, consisting of three batteries of four SU-76 each, was also approved.

T-70 tanks were often used as a headquarters vehicle in divisions. Self-propelled divisions were included in several dozen rifle and airborne divisions instead of separate anti-tank divisions with towed guns. Divisions SAU even received by inheritance the number of the fighter-anti-tank division of the compound in which they were included.

On 1 January 1945, the anti-tank artillery consisted of 56 anti-tank brigades and 97 anti-tank anti-tank regiments.

These were courageous people, all those who fought at that time in anti-tankists, courageous and modest, this is how Leonid Iosifovich Spiller, a veteran who fought at 502 Umansky Order of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, recalled those times:
“We did not consider ourselves to be bomber. Service in the IPTAP was considered more complicated and many times more dangerous than, say, service in the usual artillery regiments of rifle divisions, not to mention heavy-caliber artillery or rocket artillery, but ... For more than two years, the loss of our regiment was 80 % of the beginning of the forty-third year, while, in the ranks, "of the old men", mostly remained soldiers and officers of auxiliary units, several people from the platoon control and staff. Artillery calculations during this time have changed many times, I remember only one fighter, an elderly Ukrainian, a cheerful man, who held out until the end of the war as part of the calculation. We suffered serious losses in every battle, without exception, but the replenishment to our IPTAP was continuous. All fighters and officers of the battery perceived their service in anti-tankists, in units called “Goodbye Motherland”, calmly, as a given, as their front-line fate. ”



The most productive gunners - anti-tankists

1 Lukanin D.E. Lukanin Y.E. Gw Art. cn and gv. s-nt, com-rr and a guide. implements of the 197-th gv art regiment, 92-i gv. page division- 37 tanks and assault guns

2 Biserov K.F. Gw Ephr., suggestion countertank 207 guns Guards. p. shelf, 70-i gv. page division- 22 tank

3 Vlasov A.A. Gw foreman, com-gun 1 22-th Guards. art. shelf, 51-i guv. page division - 19 tanks

4 Serov A.F. Row., Direct. guns 636 th countertank. art. regiment, 9-i counterflow. art. brigade - 18 tanks, 1 assault. gun

5 Sinyavsky R. Mukozobov A. Art. cn and efr., com and guidance. 542-guns page, regiment, 161-page, division- 17 tanks, 1 assault gun

6 Klimov M.I. Gw ln, com-sau sau 383-th gv. heavy self-propelled. - art. regiment, 3-i gv tank army- 16 tank, 1 assault. gun

7 Permyakov V.M. Guw s-nt, gunner guns 322 th guv. Istr - countertank. art. shelf, 8-i gv. Istr countertank. Art brigade, 40-I army-16 tanks

8 Swine A.I. Gw ml. cn, point 5-guns Guards. art. shelf, 10-i gv. Airborne -de Division- 16 tanks

9 N.I. Filonenko Art. cn, com gun art. regiments, 36-i Guards. page division and 179-page. division - 14 tanks, 2 assault weapons

10 Belskikh I.M. Bodryashov A.T. Art. s-tis-nt, com-r and guidance. 145 guns Istr -prot-Votank. Division, 30-i pp. division- 14 tanks

11 Hoptyar S.I. S-nt, the aim of the guns 493-th istr.-counter-tank art. regiment, 13-I army-13 tanks, 6 BTR

12 Ryabov L.V. Gw from-on, the commander of the gun Istr.-protivotank. art. Regiment - 13 tanks, 4 BTR

13 Gryshchenko P.Ya. Str, commander of the gun 493 th Istr.-protivotank. art. regiment, 13-I army- 13 tanks

14 Razin SS S-nt, commander of guns 844 th art regiment, 303-st page. Division- 13 tanks

15 Kolesnikov V.A. Ml. lnt, com sau 958 th art. regiment, 45 st. building - 12 tanks, 1 assault. Tool

Materials used:
http://panzerabwehr.narod.ru/SSSR/istoriya_sozdaniya_ipta/
http://militera.lib.ru/h/prochko_is/06.html
http://panzerabwehr.narod.ru/SSSR/boevoi_put_chastei_ipta/502_IPTAP._Vospominaniya_SHpillera.htm
http://www.soldat.ru/memories/achievement/artillery/
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  1. Mikhado
    Mikhado 13 June 2013 09: 12 New
    +9
    Glory to our fearless warrior ancestors, those who did not retreat at the cost of their lives, were hindered by the inexorable panzerwaffe rink. Especially in the 41st year, when, due to headaches, the armor-piercing cartridge for the magpie had a marriage and low efficiency, only the extremely close range of fire came to the rescue, clearly - deadly.
    Living people and their cannons accomplished a feat, remember and be proud!
    1. Karlsonn
      Karlsonn 13 June 2013 16: 55 New
      +2
      Quote: Mikhado
      Living people and their cannons accomplished a feat, remember and be proud!


      On photo:

      Gunners of the Soviet 5th shock army at a parade in the park Lusgarten in Berlin.
  2. avdkrd
    avdkrd 13 June 2013 09: 13 New
    10
    Our grandfathers had strong nerves. Dueling with tanks at distances of 400-600m, when you need not to hide after a shot, but to continue the battle is not for wimps.
    1. Karlsonn
      Karlsonn 13 June 2013 17: 00 New
      +1
      The calculation of the 45-mm anti-tank gun of the 1942 model is fighting under the cover of a smoke screen. Central front.
      1. berimor
        berimor 13 June 2013 17: 35 New
        +3
        Although I did not fight in the Second World War, I had to shoot from the forty-five and with wheels on the spokes while studying at IED back in 1960! As they say, it surged!
  3. avt
    avt 13 June 2013 09: 15 New
    +8
    good Good article! In this format, the author expressed very well and capaciously the main points. Accessible and convincingly outlined. Good job . good
  4. Lopatov
    Lopatov 13 June 2013 10: 21 New
    +7
    Correct article, no water.
    For those who want to know more about this sign: http://ru.scribd.com/doc/375482/-19421956
  5. deman73
    deman73 13 June 2013 10: 34 New
    +7
    My grandfather served in these parts
    1. Rebus
      Rebus 13 June 2013 10: 58 New
      +6
      Quote: deman73
      My grandfather served in these parts

      My grandfather was also an anti-tanker, 5th Guards Fighter Anti-Tank Division. A unique part, they had squadrons instead of batteries, and privates were called Cossack guards ...
  6. Bongo
    Bongo 13 June 2013 10: 39 New
    +8
    No wonder they said about them: "the trunk is long-life is short."
    1. stoqn477
      stoqn477 13 June 2013 12: 53 New
      +1
      Does this not apply to armed infantry with a PTR?
      1. Kars
        Kars 13 June 2013 12: 57 New
        +5
        No it was more to Zis-2
      2. Avenger711
        Avenger711 13 June 2013 13: 16 New
        +2
        Yes about the PTR. "A rod is long - life is short."
  7. avia12005
    avia12005 13 June 2013 10: 44 New
    +7
    HEROES, and that says it all! 300 Spartans were not around.
  8. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 13 June 2013 11: 19 New
    10
    "The most productive gunners are anti-tank
    1 Lukanin D.E. Lukanin Ya.E. Guards Art. s-nt and guards. s-nt, com-r and nav. guns of the 197th Guards Art Regiment, 92nd Guards. division - 37 tanks and assault weapons "



    "The line of artillery aces is headed by brothers Lukanin, natives of the Kaluga region, Dmitry and Yakov. The first was the commander, and the second was the gunner of the 197th Guards Artillery Regiment of the 92nd Guards Rifle Division. They destroyed 37 tanks and assault guns during the war, and much more. military equipment, about 600 enemy officers. Their 152-mm howitzer-cannon model 1937, with which they traveled thousands of front-line kilometers, is installed today in St. Petersburg in one of the halls of the military history museum of artillery, engineering troops and signal troops ...

    For the first time, having entered into combat with enemy tanks in battles on the Kursk Bulge, the brothers destroyed four enemy vehicles on July 9, 1943.

    The Lukanins glorified their name in the battles for the Right-Bank Ukraine on the Steppe Front. On October 15, 1943, 13 enemy tanks with machine gunners moved to the southwestern outskirts of the Kaluzhino village of the Dnepropetrovsk region. Having let the enemy at close range, the brothers knocked out two tanks with the first shots. 8 more tanks were advancing on the other side. From a distance of 100 - 200 meters, they burned 4 tanks. The enemy's attempt to break into the village was repulsed. For this feat, Dmitry and Yakov Lukanin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Recalling that battle, Dmitry said: "Our composure helped us to defeat the enemy, as well as the fact that the enemy did not see us well, after all, it was only daylight. Moving targets were easier to spot. Besides, we fired accurately from the cannon."

    Twin brothers Yakov and Dmitry Lukanin were born in 1901 in the village of Lyubilovo, Kaluga Region. They lived together, at school they sat at the same desk. In 1920, together they were drafted into the border troops. After being retired, they worked at various construction sites in the country. In the Urals, in particular, they were known as noble stonemasons. They went to the front in one day. They fought in the same regiment, with which they went from Stalingrad to Vienna. They were wounded by one shell, and they were treated in one hospital. By one decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 24, 1944, they were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. After the war, the Lukanins lived in the Kaluga region. The village where they were born was renamed to Lukanino. "(C)
  9. igordok
    igordok 13 June 2013 11: 46 New
    +2
    About Smith’s British anti-tank gun. http://warfiles.ru/31366-proschay-rodina-po-britanski.html
  10. creak
    creak 13 June 2013 13: 12 New
    +4
    Wehrmacht anti-tankers in the fight against Soviet tanks also suffered very heavy losses. So, according to the memoirs of the commander of the German anti-tank crew G. Gottlieb, out of 12 people of his crew from the Eastern Front, only 3 returned home, and 2 of them were disabled.
  11. nekromonger
    nekromonger 13 June 2013 13: 40 New
    +3
    Quote: ranger
    Wehrmacht anti-tankers in the fight against Soviet tanks also suffered very heavy losses. So, according to the memoirs of the commander of the German anti-tank crew G. Gottlieb, out of 12 people of his crew from the Eastern Front, only 3 returned home, and 2 of them were disabled.

    good statistics, otherwise they all took a little blood.
  12. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 13 June 2013 14: 53 New
    +3
    Quote: Bongo
    No wonder they said about them: "the trunk is long-life is short."

    In the memoirs of the anti-tank officers I read that the calculations of the "forty-fives" called themselves "Farewell, Motherland!", And the calculations of the ZiS-2: "Death to the enemy, n ... c calculation!" The so-called PAK-front was very effective against German tanks, as well as many tactics, such as a "flirting" weapon.
  13. omsbon
    omsbon 13 June 2013 16: 23 New
    +4
    It is noteworthy that the training of gunners was put at the forefront. After the hospital, experienced warriors headed for their units.
  14. Karlsonn
    Karlsonn 13 June 2013 17: 12 New
    +2
    The gun crew of the 45-mm gun of the partisan-Komsomol member F.I. Timofeev of the Chernigov-Volyn partisan formation A.F. Fedorova is firing at the enemy.
  15. Igor39
    Igor39 13 June 2013 19: 25 New
    +1
    So the peasants had work, and they dubbed it short and succinctly: Farewell to the Motherland! I marvel at the fortitude of our grandfathers!
  16. Demian
    Demian 13 June 2013 19: 33 New
    +1
    Yuri Belash.

    There were tanks ...
    And the earth trembled.
    Drowned in a steel roar.
    And the tank guns stings
    a whitish spray of fire.

    On the battery - hell is total!
    Earth flew up to heaven.
    And interrupted, mixed up
    iron with blood in half.

    And the smoke swirls around the edge
    blind and caustic veil -
    one tormented cannon
    still leading an unequal battle.

    But soon she, weakening,
    stalls, mutilated by explosion,
    and silence - dry, eternal,
    will drop on the battery.

    And only the wheel is ribbed
    will spin and creak, -
    it was impossible to survive here
    and after standing, do not die.
  17. Bobrovsky
    Bobrovsky 13 June 2013 19: 43 New
    0
    There were such expressions: "The trunk is long, life is short. Farewell to Motherland" and others. Already in 1941, the forty-five was barely able to cope with its duties. It was recommended to open fire from a distance of no more than 500 meters, but in fact, they started shooting from two hundred. Two hundred meters is not a distance for a tank. By the fall of 1941, the troops had about 370 57 mm guns, which penetrated German tanks through and through. Lieutenant General Govorov L.A., an artilleryman, by the way, wrote a memo that this gun should be removed from service as it was too powerful and lacking worthy targets. He was supported by the commander of the Red Army artillery, General Voronov N.N. And they took it off. This weapon was remembered in 1943. And this famous weapon is called the model of 1943, although it began to be produced in May 1941. The question arises, how many gunners died because of this report. Neither Govorov nor Voronov fired at the tanks from two hundred meters. They only recommended that the gun crews be cool and well-coordinated.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 13 June 2013 20: 09 New
      +3
      And Govorov at that time was absolutely right.

      The forty-five cope with their duties, and the tanks were allowed to approach the close range primarily because they did not want to get Lyuley from the artillery and diving bombers that were very effective in the battle with the tank units. In addition, in 1942 they began to produce a modernized version of the M-42. And released until the very end of the war.

      The release of the ZiS-2 was discontinued due to the catastrophic situation with divisional artillery. Thanks comrade Tukhachevsky and Kulik for this. Instead of the ZiS-2, the ZiS-3 was launched, which, if necessary, could be used as an anti-tank, at that time its armor penetration was enough.
      1. Snoop
        Snoop 14 June 2013 07: 50 New
        0
        I agree with the opinion :)
        In addition to reports from the front, the main reason is the problem with the production of ammunition 57 mm. A 76 mm shells were piled up. So they decided in favor of the ZiS-3.
        Yes, and as far as I read, it was noted at the front that when 57 mm shells hit German tanks penetrated right through, and there were often cases when the tank remained combat-ready. It turns out with through penetration, the armor-shell effect is minimal.
  18. Bobrovsky
    Bobrovsky 13 June 2013 20: 10 New
    0
    Clarification - the 57-mm anti-tank gun in 1941 pierced both sides of German tanks at a distance of one and a half kilometers.
  19. nnz226
    nnz226 13 June 2013 20: 12 New
    +1
    Compared to the men at the end of the article, the entire US Army is a bunch of drooling downs !!! Real heroes !!! In the Artillery Museum in St. Petersburg there is a ZiS-3 gun (76 mm), so on its account there are already 56 wrecked tanks and Panzerwaffe self-propelled guns (the calculation may have changed), but the gun alone knocked out the Wehrmacht tank battalion - which is cool !!!
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 13 June 2013 20: 26 New
      +1
      Given that the ZiS-3 was not an anti-tank weapon, but was used as its force, this is really cool.
  20. Demian
    Demian 13 June 2013 20: 21 New
    +2
    Yuri Belash

    - Fire!-
    And a caliber projectile
    darted a blue wire to the tank.
    But just to the left of the caterpillar - into the ramp
    hot ram crashes.
    The gunner pulled the handwheel
    and raised the crosshairs of the panorama.
    - Fire! -
    But a screaming candle
    the shell ricocheted straight into the sky.
    And the third time the sight changes -
    and the whole calculation changes in the face:
    танк
    expands
    the tower ...
    - Fire! -
    On black tank armor
    a violet sparkle flashed
    and the tank, finally stopping
    dry ground caterpillar scraped.
    The fight lasted forever -
    25 seconds!
  21. Comrade1945
    Comrade1945 13 June 2013 21: 17 New
    0
    Mouth Front, friends.

    Vasily Bykov "The Third Rocket"
    I strongly advise those who have not read: it’s just about armor-piercing men.
  22. Ermolaich
    Ermolaich 13 June 2013 21: 24 New
    +7
    My fellow countryman, Lieutenant Gusev Anton Semenovich, born in 1922, at the front was the commander of the fire platoon of the 1st battery 165 of a separate fighter anti-tank division. In the Red Army since September 1940. He was wounded in battle on June 24, 1944. And exactly a month later ...
    From the presentation to the award:
    “On July 23, 1944, the enemy launched attacks on the positions of the right neighbor with the support of tanks and self-propelled guns. Despite the strong art. Preparation, continuous art. Mortar fire, platoon commander Lieutenant Comrade Gusev A.S. prepared with his platoon to repel an enemy attack. When tanks appeared, comrade Gusev ordered to open fire. With a few shots from the cannon, one enemy tank was shot down. The rest changed the way to the left. Skillfully correcting with fire, Comrade Gusev’s platoon destroyed up to 15 enemy soldiers. For skillful leadership of battle, fearlessness and courage, comrade Gusev Anton Semenovich deserves a government award of the Order of the Red Star. The commander of 165 OIPTD Major Nazarov. July 24, 1944 "
    After 2 days, the commander of the artillery of the 394th Kryvyi Rih Red Banner Division Colonel Galkin imposed a resolution: "He is worthy of being awarded ... with the Order of the Patriotic War of the Second Degree." Representation on the order was approved by the commander of the 394th SD, the commander of the artillery 34 SK, the commander of the artillery 46 A.
    Soon Anton Semenovich was seriously injured. He was cured in the evacuation hospital and the young nurse-Ukrainian Anastasia, whom we all called Aunt Nadia in childhood, saved and left the officer from Siberia seriously injured. Anton Semenovich brought his wife to the Siberian village of Imiss, Kuraginsky District, Krasnoyarsk Territory. They happily lived a married life, raised three children, honestly and conscientiously worked until they were old ... Aunt Nadia is no longer in this world ...
    In 2012, Anton Semenovich turned 90 years old. He now lives in the family of his daughter in the neighboring village of Mozharka, now the only combat veteran of the war ...
    He doesn’t like to talk about the war, but once he told how much, many liberties, even “slight sloppiness, were allowed to the gunners with“ OUR CHEVRONS. They looked at us like Mortals ... And the scouts as well ... And you try to direct fire against tanks, yes, openly, but if, or "we are theirs" or "they are us" ...
    Such is the fate of one of the thousands of anti-tankers ...
  23. The comment was deleted.
  24. svp67
    svp67 13 June 2013 21: 34 New
    +1
    caption
    Soviet gunners fire direct fire at the enemy from the 45-mm anti-tank gun of the 1937 model of the year (53-K). In the picture one of the guns of the battery of senior lieutenant P.S. Tarakanova. Transcaucasian Front.

    That is why they were called "Death to the enemy - n ...... (end) calculation".
    Open terrain, a gun of the 37th year in 42 did not provide the proper armor penetration ... but it was necessary to knock out the tanks and therefore "Fire !!!" Heroic people ...
  25. Bobrovsky
    Bobrovsky 16 June 2013 19: 02 New
    +1
    The ZIS-2 and ZIS-3 guns were fired simultaneously. And at first they thought up and made ZIS-2, and then it occurred to me to put a barrel from F-22USV on this carriage. And it turned out to be a masterpiece. When a PTR bullet or tank blank hit the fragments flying away from the armor, the crew crippled. This also often caused sunbathing inside the tank. The Germans chronically lacked nickel and other additives to make high-quality armor. But among the British, alloying additives in armor in percentage terms were such that when a tank was broken through, fragments from the armor did not fly off at all. A gun from one and a half kilometers is much more difficult to find than from two hundred meters. This is now, sitting behind a monitor that is one and a half km, or two hundred meters, the same. But when in a minute you are spread on the ground with caterpillars, then it’s not the same. The enemy is always much nicer to hit in the distance. This is only Stephen Seagal, but Bruce Lee loved to wave his fists and legs. And all the others for some reason prefer a machine gun and a gun.