Military Review

New anti-aircraft missile system "Pine" is presented in Smolensk

55
Last Thursday, a conference was held at the Military Academy of Army Air Defense (Smolensk) on the development of air defense of the ground forces. Representatives of the Ministry of Defense and Industry discussed the state and prospects of domestic anti-aircraft systems, as well as examined some samples of the new technology. At a small exhibition during the conference various models of equipment and their layouts were shown. Of greatest interest is one of the shown anti-aircraft missile systems, called "Pine". The fact is that previously this air defense system was not shown at open events and the last exhibition can be considered its first show.




A new short-range air defense system “Pine” was created by the Design Bureau of Precision Engineering. A.E. Nudelman in cooperation with the Saratov aggregate plant. Like its predecessors, such as the Strela-10, etc., the Sosna complex is designed to provide air defense of formations on the march and in positions. When creating a new air defense system, the development organizations tried to provide it with a number of features that provide greater combat potential in comparison with the existing systems and increase the survivability of the machine on the battlefield.

As noted in the description on the official website of the Design Bureau, modern short-range anti-aircraft missile systems have several serious drawbacks. This is a high cost of combat vehicles due to the large number of modern equipment, as well as the use of active target detection systems. The last factor makes air defense systems vulnerable to enemy anti-radar weapons. To solve this problem in the nineties, Academician of the RAS A.G. Shipunov proposed to abandon the use of complex radar detection systems and instead use equipment that operates on a different principle and does not unmask itself with a radiated signal.

In addition to the presence of passive means of detection and high survivability, other requirements were also placed on the advanced air defense system. So, the Sosny missiles were supposed to hit targets at distances up to 10 kilometers, and not only planes, helicopters and cruise missiles, but also unmanned aerial vehicles were included in the list of potential targets of the anti-aircraft complex. weapon and other small objects. Two more important requirements touched the combat vehicle and launcher. It was necessary to provide automatic search, detection and tracking of targets, as well as to increase the ammunition on the launcher to 12 missiles.

In the official materials about the complex "Pine" as a basis for the combat vehicle appears light armored chassis MT-LB. However, all elements of the air defense system can be installed on any suitable chassis, wheeled or tracked. On the roof of the chassis, presented on the published images of the air defense system, a tower with an optical-electronic system and a two-block launcher is installed. To the right and left of the tower, mounting devices are fixed, on which six transport-launch containers (TPC) with rockets are mounted. With the help of the rotation of the tower, a rough guidance of the rocket in azimuth is carried out, with the help of the slope of the TLC blocks - in the elevation. The angle of horizontal guidance is 178 ° in both directions, vertical - from -20 to 82 degrees. Further control of the rocket flight is carried out by the corresponding systems of the complex.

Affected areas
 
a) helicopter AH-64 - 100 m / s c) aircraft type F-16 - 300 m / s
xnumx chart xnumx chart
   
b) aircraft type A-10 - 200 m / s g) cruise missile type ALCM - 250 m / s
xnumx chart xnumx chart


For the new anti-aircraft complex developed two-stage guided missile "Sosna-R" with a combined control system. Immediately after the missile leaves the container, it is controlled by a radio command system that leads ammunition to the line of sight. After that, the starting engine is separated and the noise-protected laser guidance system is activated. The rocket is proposed to equip the original two-compartment warhead with a proximity fuse having a pie chart. The latter compensates for errors in hover. The rocket is created as a product that does not require additional checks or tests during the entire service life.

A gyro-stabilized platform with a set of necessary equipment is placed on the turret of the ZRK combat vehicle. It contains tele- and thermal imaging optical systems, a laser rangefinder with the ability to deflect a beam, a rocket control equipment along a laser beam, an infrared rocket finder, and climate control sensors. All other elements of the electronics of the anti-aircraft complex are located inside the armored hull. This is a digital computer, remote control, automatic capture and tracking, rocket control system, etc.

In accordance with the technical task, the new Pine air defense missile system should have an automatic search mode and attack targets. As stated, the complex can operate in two modes. In the automatic, all processes occur without the participation of the operator, which can significantly reduce the reaction time. In semi-automatic mode, the operator controls the operation of the systems, but most of the processes are carried out automatically. Semi-automatic mode is recommended for combat work in a difficult jamming environment.

The missiles and the anti-aircraft complex itself are protected from interference by several methods that are implemented at the design level. Thus, the location of the laser receiver in the back of the rocket does not allow distorting or muffling the control signal. Interference immunity of the ground part of the complex is provided by a narrow field of view of the television and thermal imaging channels (no more than 6,7x9 degrees), as well as the use of special computational algorithms that allow identifying the target by its characteristic features.

The Sosna anti-aircraft missile system is supposed to be manufactured as a ready-made combat compartment, which can be installed on any suitable chassis. At the same time, unlike the previous complexes of the same purpose, the Sosny operator is located inside the armored hull and does not rotate with the turret. At the request of the customer, the anti-aircraft tower can be equipped with an additional small-sized radar station for detecting targets.

In the base case, without a radar, the Pine air defense missile system is said to have high survivability on the battlefield. During the search for a target, the complex emits nothing, which makes its detection more difficult. During the first two seconds after the launch of the rocket, the antenna of the rocket control system is in operation, after which it is turned off and control is carried out only by the laser beam. If necessary, the base machine of the complex can be equipped with additional means of reducing the visual or thermal visibility.

In general, the Pine air defense missile system has rather high prospects, but its future is not yet completely clear. According to the Chief of the Air Defense Forces of the Ground Forces, Major General A. Leonov, the Sosna complex has not yet passed state tests and has yet to discuss its capabilities and prospects. After that, the issue of adopting the complex for service will be considered. While the refinement and improvement of systems continues.


On the materials of the sites:
http://itar-tass.com/
http://vz.ru/
http://kbtochmash.ru/
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55 comments
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  1. feanor
    feanor 10 June 2013 08: 19
    12
    Well, the main thing is that it meets the specified performance characteristics and the supply to the troops is not in the amount of 1 piece.
    Heh presented how the report on the downing of an aircraft by this complex would sound: "Comrade General, today we shot down several enemy aircraft with pine trees." laughing
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r 10 June 2013 11: 44
      12
      And if called "Birch" !!!!!! Yes, even in Smolensk, the first, in the sense of the second show (the first probably with the Polish presidential board was), if the Poles were yelling ..........., and the entire world democratic community! laughing laughing laughing
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko 10 June 2013 17: 35
        +3
        Quote: neri73-r
        oh the Poles would yell

        Yes, even that "splash".
        But it turns out that the number of targets at the same time fired only ONE!
    2. Hon
      Hon 10 June 2013 17: 38
      +2
      And why is it for our troops? There are whiter, more accurate and efficient systems. This development is probably designed for poor countries whose air defense systems are hopelessly outdated and there is not enough money to buy modern expensive systems. So they decided to create a cheap and cheerful option.
      1. old man54
        old man54 10 June 2013 19: 51
        +4
        Quote: Hon
        And why is it for our troops? There are whiter, more accurate and efficient systems. This development is probably designed for poor countries,

        Do you have a TTX to claim this? Where did you get the idea that he is accurate enough? Strange to read your mind !!
        1. smirnov
          smirnov 11 June 2013 04: 46
          0
          On non-strategic objects, the very thing is cheap, mobile, and uncomplicated. Not the most advanced weapons are used everywhere, for example, a couple of thunderbolts will fill up with a bang.
          1. Hon
            Hon 11 June 2013 08: 55
            0
            it is in what situation it will be impossible to use the shell and it will be possible to use the pine?
        2. Hon
          Hon 11 June 2013 08: 54
          0
          I did not say that it is not accurate enough, but it can in no way be more perfect than the shell and the tunguska, which are advanced in their class.
      2. Apologet.Ru
        Apologet.Ru 11 June 2013 20: 34
        +1
        Everything is simple and clear - "Strela-10" is outdated, so they are preparing to replace it ... And TPK, by the way, look like Panzer-Tunguski. No?
        1. cdrt
          cdrt 15 September 2013 19: 16
          0
          It’s like they started to make a rocket in the development of the Tunguska theme
      3. cdrt
        cdrt 15 September 2013 19: 15
        0
        The basis of the military PFD SV today is Strela-10m, Osa-AKM, Tunguska-M1.
        Pine - a direct replacement for Strela-10. That's just ... That generally does not emit anything, but this one irradiates with a laser + radio channel.
        Well ... on Strela there is some kind of GOS, at least dual-band, and here beam riding, the rocket is certainly cheaper, but the probability of hitting it from a distance decreases.
        Well, similar to the Shell - it looks like a rocket, after practicing the 1st stage it just flies without an engine, accordingly, maneuverability (namely, maximum overload) will fall with distance, well, with every maneuver performed too.
        Although the idea of ​​a simple cheap passive air defense system in the form of a module cannot but rejoice
  2. Greyfox
    Greyfox 10 June 2013 08: 23
    +3
    It is being developed, it will, it will have .... As I understand it, this is only a layout so far.
    1. ziqzaq
      ziqzaq 10 June 2013 08: 32
      +6
      Quote: Greyfox
      It is being developed, it will, it will have .... As I understand it, this is only a layout so far.

      Everything in this world starts small ....
      The main thing is that people work, young specialists come to KB ...
      Will you be able to realize your plan? Life will show..
      Good news....
      1. Greyfox
        Greyfox 10 June 2013 08: 50
        +4
        So I don’t mind. It’s just advisable to clarify that it’s not a complex but a layout (or a beautiful technology demonstrator).
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 13 June 2013 15: 24
          +1
          Quote: Greyfox
          It is simply advisable to clarify that the complex is not presented, but the layout (or according to the beautiful technology demonstrator).

          What kind of model is he if he is ready for state testing?
          This is a ready-made complex, as it is written in the article.
    2. egsp
      egsp 10 June 2013 12: 51
      +2
      Only cats will be born fast! Soon they will do it, Arrow-10 had to be played a long time ago. I am very glad that there would be more good news from the Smolensk Academy, one university in the Air Defense Troops remained ...
  3. sys-1985
    sys-1985 10 June 2013 08: 47
    +2
    An interesting device turned out. The troops are waiting!
    1. svp67
      svp67 10 June 2013 08: 55
      +5
      Quote: sys-1985
      An interesting device turned out. The troops are waiting!
      It is undeniably interesting, but it seems to me that such a machine, which works up to 10 km and is part of combined-arms brigades - regiments, should still have a cannon component - for greater versatility ...
      1. Airman
        Airman 10 June 2013 11: 22
        +8
        Quote: svp67
        Quote: sys-1985
        An interesting device turned out. The troops are waiting!
        It is undeniably interesting, but it seems to me that such a machine, which works up to 10 km and is part of combined-arms brigades - regiments, should still have a cannon component - for greater versatility ...


        If the cannon component, then this is Tunguska. And barrels without a radar can not work normally. Here the main emphasis is placed on the fact that the machine emits almost nothing, with the exception of 2 seconds. Laser guidance does not make the complex all-weather, because Smokes and difficult weather conditions will affect the guidance, and in battle without fire and smoke does not happen. The idea is good, and at the training ground it can show good results, but ... wait and see.
        1. Tarpon
          Tarpon 10 June 2013 19: 21
          +2
          Quote: Povshnik
          ... Laser guidance does not make the complex all-weather, because Smokes and difficult weather conditions will affect the guidance, and in battle without fire and smoke does not happen. The idea is good, and at the training ground it can show good results, but ... wait and see.

          And at the training ground, you can recreate real conditions.
          I think under state. tests will do so.
          And if the result of such tests is positive, then we need such a complex!
    2. cdrt
      cdrt 15 September 2013 19: 17
      0
      Did the troops say that to you? laughing
      Not the fact that he is much better than Strela-10M4
  4. cartridge
    cartridge 10 June 2013 08: 57
    +3
    It is good if the complex, as shown in the photo, will be made on the basis of a motorcycle league. Her passability is frantic and therefore the capabilities of military air defense will not depend on the availability of roads and their condition.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 13 June 2013 15: 27
      0
      Quote: cartridge
      It is good if the complex, as shown in the photo, will be made on the basis of a motorcycle league.

      It is unlikely. Motolygu was produced by Kharkov (Ukraine).
  5. fisherman
    fisherman 10 June 2013 09: 09
    +4
    So we still have smart heads, all we had to do was move the defense.
    1. omsbon
      omsbon 10 June 2013 12: 25
      +1
      Quote: fisherman
      So we still have smart heads, all we had to do was move the defense.

      I am also pleased with the fact that we have smart, competent guys inventing something new. They need to be helped and encouraged in every way! Attract young staff to design bureaus!
  6. Bongo
    Bongo 10 June 2013 09: 14
    +6
    In my opinion, the MT-LB chassis, with all its indisputable numerous advantages, is outdated for a promising army air defense complex. It is also not clear how the complex will be all-day and all-weather? As you know, in conditions of fog and haze, laser radiation is scattered, which limits the range of use. I agree with the opinion that an artillery component would not hurt. At the same "Tunguska", if it is impossible to track and as a consequence of the missile guidance along the track at night and in poor visibility, you can work with guns, which increases the flexibility and versatility of the complex.
    1. cartridge
      cartridge 10 June 2013 09: 25
      +5
      In my opinion, the MT-LB chassis, with all its undeniable numerous advantages, is outdated for a promising air defense system


      Please explain on facts and examples in what this obsolescence is manifested in your opinion specifically?
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 10 June 2013 13: 07
        +4
        That release is stopped.
    2. Svarog
      Svarog 10 June 2013 09: 39
      0
      But is this versatility necessary? The complex is most likely vulnerable to sniper fire and heavy machine guns, respectively, used from the relevant positions, where the use of guns is ineffective. But the complexity of the designers is not an example above. The turning speed of the turret with a gun, respectively, is lower. Before World War II there were two-turret tanks with a bunch of machine guns in all directions, so these monsters died out ..
      1. svp67
        svp67 10 June 2013 11: 24
        +3
        Quote: Svarog
        But is this versatility necessary? The complex is most likely vulnerable to sniper fire and heavy machine guns, respectively, used from the relevant positions, where the use of guns is ineffective.
        It is necessary, since it is positioned to replace the "S-10", which means it will "walk" in the combat formations of subunits ... that is, you will also have to fire up something cannon nearby ...
      2. Mr. Truth
        Mr. Truth 10 June 2013 15: 51
        +3
        Quote: Svarog
        sniper fire and heavy machine guns

        A sniper and machine gunners are vulnerable to fire 125 mm tank guns.
  7. Alexey Prikazchikov
    Alexey Prikazchikov 10 June 2013 09: 51
    -1
    A cheap alternative to the shell. Only for countries of 3 world. We do not need such a thing in the sun.
    1. rolik
      rolik 10 June 2013 10: 57
      +2
      Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
      A cheap alternative to the shell. Only for countries of 3 world.

      Rather, it is a replacement instead of "Wasp". If the declared characteristics are issued, then a good machine will be. And the fact that it is installed on the "motorcycle". This has its own big plus, the platform is run-in, and on off-road and gullies it has such a passability, to the envy of other tracked platforms.
    2. PSih2097
      PSih2097 10 June 2013 17: 39
      -1
      Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
      A cheap alternative to the shell. Only for countries of 3 world. We do not need such a thing in the sun.

      Most likely for the Airborne Forces, Shell - for air defense of the country, Tunguska - for air defense
      1. gispanec
        gispanec 10 June 2013 20: 54
        -1
        Quote: PSih2097
        Most likely for the Airborne Forces, Shell - for air defense of the country, Tunguska - for air defense

        but for me the tori are better than shells ..... like that !!
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. erased
    erased 10 June 2013 09: 52
    +5
    Perhaps the technique is interesting. But the check, as always, is one - by battle.
  10. Grishka100watt
    Grishka100watt 10 June 2013 10: 11
    +1
    It seemed to me alone that this was Photoshop?
    1. yanus
      yanus 10 June 2013 10: 35
      +2
      Quote: Grishka100watt
      It seemed to me alone that this was Photoshop?

      The fact that she was photographed elsewhere, and then "glued to the birches" is for sure.
      1. Grishka100watt
        Grishka100watt 10 June 2013 11: 05
        +2
        The fact that she was photographed elsewhere, and then "glued to the birches" is for sure.
        Yes.
        And the chassis, as it were from MT-LB, but the rollers are larger.
        At the original, the upper limit of the track roller is approximately at the level of the axis of the drive wheel. In this case, the track rollers are quite close to each other. So, with an increase in their diameter, they would simply not fit. And also, pay attention, dear minusers: above the track rollers there is a kind of protection visually divided into 4 sections. Moreover, under the second section there are 2 skating rinks, and under the third is already 3 skating rinks. Moreover, as you can see, the laws of perspective do not apply to this defense, in contrast to the rollers located under it. I can’t believe that this is a real photo.
  11. 320423
    320423 10 June 2013 11: 22
    +3
    Che that article looks like an advertisement, moreover, cheap: a closed display, which had not previously been exhibited by an air defense system. Developments are either there or not. they have been writing about pine for about five years, but all I remember about the Sosna-R guided missile was that I constantly heard that they hadn’t got anything with it. In short, the article left a bad impression, muddled cheto.
  12. _KM_
    _KM_ 10 June 2013 11: 32
    +5
    If the replacement "arrow-10" is normal, but if the alternative is "shell" and "tunguska", then everything is sad.
    1. rolik
      rolik 10 June 2013 11: 40
      +1
      Quote: _KM_
      and if an alternative to "shell" and "tunguska",

      About "Tungusski", it is unlikely. Such a complex is a kind of masterpiece, and it will not be abandoned (in the near and not so) future. They will modernize, but it's for the best.
  13. Airman
    Airman 10 June 2013 11: 54
    +7
    But there are no CLAIMED characteristics, there are only incomprehensible damage zones in the horizontal plane, for a helicopter the zone is shifted to the left with some truncated right border, for F-16 it is shifted to the right, and the near border of the affected zone is very incomprehensible. Turning the turret to 178 * rather than round-robin is a serious minus, since when shooting with a turret at 175 * and when transferring fire to a target at 185 *, the turret will have to be rotated 350 * in the opposite direction, and this is a missed time. It's my opinion.
  14. Strashila
    Strashila 10 June 2013 11: 58
    +1
    Based on the readings, the target detection and identification system is of interest. Installing it on Shilka or ZSU-57-2 will be an unpleasant surprise for enemy aircraft, especially for helicopters.
  15. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 10 June 2013 12: 24
    +1
    but also unmanned aerial vehicles,

    UAV missiles? sad The 23-30 mm cannon would definitely come in handy; a defeat would be cheaper.
    1. Russ69
      Russ69 10 June 2013 12: 38
      +2
      Quote: Starover_Z
      UAV missiles? The 23-30 mm cannon would definitely come in handy; a defeat would be cheaper.

      Looking at what height the drone, or even not get it.
      According to the idea, to replace the "Arrow-10" is the very thing.
  16. Lalaloa
    Lalaloa 10 June 2013 12: 37
    -4
    It seems to be so bad, but no, we have to do worse. The authorities do not cease to amaze. This site recently came across: http://w2c3d.tk where information about each of us is publicly posted. I don’t know why to do this, but it personally scares me. Nevertheless, I somehow managed to delete my data, though I had to register, but no one could "dig up" anything on me.
  17. egsp
    egsp 10 June 2013 13: 03
    +3
    Pine will replace Arrow-10, as I think, and not Wasp, as some write. Efremov for this Thor did.
  18. Bongo
    Bongo 10 June 2013 14: 24
    +4
    As far as I remember, at the initial design stage at the end of 90's, this system was conceived as a portable, combined rocket-artillery one, to replace the ZU-23 sparks.
  19. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 10 June 2013 18: 37
    +5
    As I understand it, everything depends on computing power, sensors, and algorithms. Theoretically, you can create a completely passive device that can detect any active electronics, as well as any kind of fast moving target, even if it's just a blank. By em fields, by sound, by vibration, by a change in visible light ... Actually, it's time to create it.
    All three components are available today. Only hard work is needed, accompanied not by space financing at all. If today this thing does not exist as a working system, then if you push a little - it will.
  20. bublic82009
    bublic82009 11 June 2013 00: 06
    0
    if there is no radio antenna for detecting aircraft, then how will the search be carried out at distances of 10 km? visually through binoculars?
  21. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 11 June 2013 00: 21
    0
    Quote: bublic82009
    if there is no radio antenna for detecting aircraft, then how will the search be carried out at distances of 10 km? visually through binoculars?

    So there is no active radar search mode, i.e. no radiation.
    There is a "receive" mode, probably similar to the Gunn diodes, directional receive, due to which the active device is detected. (I think so)
  22. papik09
    papik09 11 June 2013 01: 05
    -1
    Quote: svp67
    Quote: sys-1985
    An interesting device turned out. The troops are waiting!
    It is undeniably interesting, but it seems to me that such a machine, which works up to 10 km and is part of combined-arms brigades - regiments, should still have a cannon component - for greater versatility ...

    This already exists - "Tunguska". Why build a second bike? For a change? laughing
  23. Patriot KK98
    Patriot KK98 11 June 2013 11: 39
    0
    Hooray, something new! fellow The main thing is that the Ministry of Defense allocates money
  24. Kowalsky
    Kowalsky 12 June 2013 13: 30
    0
    Yes, now NATO will be able to find a new justification for the losses: "During the departure, not a single plane was shot down by enemy air defense - pines crashed into them :)"
  25. AlexMH
    AlexMH 12 June 2013 22: 51
    0
    And they did not want to close the missiles from the side with armored shields? They try not to put rockets in the outermost cells on "Buratino", so that the bullet does not explode. Of course, the air defense system is not intended for close combat, but for what purpose did they put it on the MT-LB, and not on the KAMAZ?
    1. gremlin1977
      gremlin1977 14 June 2013 21: 52
      +1
      obsolete information. Buratino has long installed guards to reduce trunks
  26. _KM_
    _KM_ 13 June 2013 12: 30
    0
    According to the results of the first Chechen, they already wrote about the need for armored shields for missiles.