Military Review

Pandora's Caspian Box

39
Egyptian publicist and political analyst Hassan Tahsin recently expressed an opinion on the Caspian Sea issue. His article appeared in Saudi Gazette (translation source - Mixednews.ru).


He recalled that almost a whole century the states of Central Asia were outside of world politics, being part of the Soviet Union, and after the collapse of the USSR, the picture changed dramatically: they became independent national states. The analyst lists Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan. These countries, according to him, were in the center of attention of economic superpowers. The reason for the keen geopolitical interest of the powerful was the strategic position of these countries - between East and West. The West and local resource riches are very disturbing: oil and natural gas reserves are present in large quantities at the bottom of the Caspian Sea.

The expert believes that the military campaign organized by the United States against terrorism had two main objectives: 1) destroy al-Qaida; 2) to overthrow the Taliban. According to the author, in Afghanistan, the United States achieved both goals. Nevertheless, they are "adamant in the matter of maintaining their permanent presence in the region." Washington set the date for the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, but continues to work on the implementation of its strategic ideas.

What are these ideas?

1. The Americans want to curb the nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan.

2. They do not want a nuclear Iran.

3. Another goal of the White House is to neutralize Russia. This goal is achieved by the so-called partnership between Washington and Moscow, aimed at creating an international alliance against terrorism. Such an alliance could put an end to Russian-Iranian military cooperation, according to the author of the material.

4. A permanent US presence in the region and its alliance with the countries of Central Asia will act as a deterrent against China.

5. Finally, the United States wants to get a significant share of recently discovered oil in the Caspian Sea. Its reserves may exceed 250 billion barrels. This is not to mention the large volumes of natural gas, the analyst points out.

Thus, there are two strategic aspects - military and economic. They prove the American intention to retain a permanent presence in the region.

The economic aspect is connected with the oil and gas wealth of the Caspian Sea: in the matter of sources of energy resources, America is not going to depend entirely on the monarchies of the Persian Gulf. Washington’s military presence in several countries of Central Asia dictates the need for a direct exchange of interests with them. Therefore, the United States will invest in oil as the price of its military presence. From here, the Caspian Sea is a new arena of geopolitical struggle.

Well, what about Russia?

Alexey Andreev ("Russian peacemaker") recalled that Moscow recently hosted the international conference “The Caspian Sub-region: Security Threats and Stabilization Factors” organized by the Russian Institute of Caspian Cooperation, and its continuation was the Moscow-Astana video bridge. Of particular concern was the danger of further militarization of the Caspian Sea and its transformation into the geostrategic interests of the United States and the EU.

Caspian experts in sharp disputes defended the interests of their countries, but were unanimous in one thing: Washington and Brussels are seeking to limit the traditional zone of Moscow’s geopolitical influence. The latter is evidenced by the active promotion of the energy projects TANAP, Nabucco-West / TAP and the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline, as well as the prospect of the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan through the creation of transit bases in the Caspian Sea.

Kazakhstan, for example, has already announced plans to create a transit base for the North Atlantic Alliance in Aktau (formerly Shevchenko).

Iranian experts are linking the Syrian conflict, the division of the Caspian Sea into national sectors and the situation in Afghanistan in one knot. “The common thing here is American expansion, new ties between the United States and all sorts of regional radicals,” said Abbas Maleki, a professor at the Sharif University of Technology and former Deputy Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic. He said that the Caspian states need transparency and real confidence-building measures. “It is necessary, of course, to achieve mutual understanding, and one of our main tasks is the demilitarization of the Caspian Sea and the solution of environmental problems, especially since ecology is the only direction in which the Caspian countries have progress. There is an official document - the Tehran Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea 2003, for which further work is being carried out. ”

The chairman of the advisory council of the Caspian Sea Conservation Assistance Foundation (Kazakhstan), Serikzhan Mambetalin, explained to InfoRos that the largest oil field, Kashagan, is being developed in the north of the Caspian Sea, which was considered reserve in Soviet times (sturgeon breeding zone).

“In this issue, ecology is closely intertwined with economics and geopolitics,” said a Kazakhstani expert. The share of the American ExxonMobil in the Kashagan field is about 16,8%, America is represented there by the company Konako Phillips (the Chinese can buy its share).

“The British Shell, the French Total, and the Italian Eni are still working there, but Americans are interested not so much in the project as in becoming their operators,” continues Mambetalin. - Other Western oil companies will watch ExxonMobil work. Kashagan is located near Aktau, and it is not by chance that the NATO transshipment base is planned to be located in the same places. Just because the Americans will not leave this zone, because we are talking about large and even very large oil. Perhaps the Americans will try to balance the Chinese. But the Chinese are partners today, and what will happen in 20-30 years? Surprisingly, the passivity of Russia, I believe that the Russians should clearly say: guys, this is our internal lake, do not meddle. While this is not heard. In July, the deadline for the start of oil production, after which Russia will practically lose its dominance in the Caspian Sea. ”

The Director General of the Institute of Caspian Cooperation (Russia), Sergey Mikheev, notes on this occasion: “Russia, as is known, has provided a transshipment airfield in Ulyanovsk. But this is not the problem, but the fact that the withdrawal of NATO troops would not become a pretext for the long-term consolidation of the US military presence in the Caspian Sea and in the region as a whole. ”

And Alexei Pushkov, chairman of the Russian State Duma Committee on International Affairs, stated: in order to understand the "impracticability" of the alliance with NATO and the viciousness of the thesis "but where will they get from us" (regarding the CIS countries), the Yeltsin leadership took many years.

Comrade Pushkov explained the blunders of the former Russian leadership "by a sharp decline in the quality of decisions made in connection with the change of system and the deep provinciality of those who came to power."

The main challenges of the Caspian region today are separatism, extremism and the expansion of the West, according to Jahangir Karami, a professor at Tehran University. He announced this on May 17 in Moscow during the aforementioned conference "The Caspian region: security problems and development prospects," reports IA "REX".

He said: “Now it’s important that the governments of the Caspian littoral states should get down to serious resolution of the problems. Many issues are strengthened around the Caspian, and the Caspian Sea faces new threats - especially separatism, extremism. There is also an expansion of the West within NATO, and this is also a sensitive issue for the Caspian Sea. We see steps in the Middle East for the destruction of forces. It creates problems. ”

He further called on the Caspian countries to cooperate with each other: “In fact, events in the Middle East suggest that the concentration of strategic processes is aimed, and it can have many problems for the same Caucasus. Therefore, we must come to a common opinion. NATO wants to turn peaceful coexistence into a crisis. It is required that the Caspian states have cooperation and be able to solve common problems ... "

Karami noted that the situation around the Caspian Sea is about to face changes, which is fraught with the intensification of existing problems.

Doctor of Economic Sciences E.I. Pavlyuchenko, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Economics of Dagestan State Technical University in collaboration with Art. prep. M. R. Sharipov and student I. R. Akhmedova in the material on the strategic Caspian landmarks and published on the resource rusnauka.com, identified a number of Caspian aspects.

Scientists noted that for Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, the economic side of the Caspian issue is a priority: only the success in the implementation of oil and gas projects gives these countries opportunities for the development of national economies and, therefore, to ensure domestic political stability.

Iran is characterized by a special view on the problem of dividing the Caspian: “everyone is equal”. This causes objections and disputes between Tehran and Baku and Ashgabat.

Kazakhstan occupies a certain place in the Caspian region. According to the authors of the material, in recent years, a positive experience of cooperation in the oil and gas sector has been gained between Kazakhstan and Russia. An international project of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium oil pipeline was launched with a maximum capacity of 67 million tons per year: Kazakhstan’s oil is supplied to the Novorossiysk port and then goes to foreign markets. Another part of Kazakh oil is exported through the Russian oil pipeline system. Both states intend to expand the possibilities of increasing cooperation.

As for western projects, supplying oil in a certain direction to the system of Turkmen or Kazakhstan pipelines requires the introduction of new pipelines along the bottom of the Caspian Sea, which, according to the authors of the material, is unacceptable for the majority of Caspian states.

Scientists say that Chevron and Exxon Mobil (USA), Eni (Italy), British Gas and British Petroleum (Great Britain), Lukoil made the greatest contribution to the exploration of the Caspian offshore shelf and its development. " (Russia). They signed contracts for the development of fields, according to which it is planned to bring oil production to 2015 a million barrels per day (about 4 million tons per year) by 200, that is, to triple the current volume. The required investment may be about 60 billion dollars.

If we compare the Caspian Sea with other large oil-and-gas-bearing regions, the authors indicate, it turns out that in the richest oil storeroom of the world - the Persian Gulf zone - oil-bearing strata are located in the continental thickness at a relatively small depth. Through the nearby seaports oil is delivered by tankers directly to all corners of the world. This explains the extremely low cost of oil from the Gulf countries - less than 1 dollars per barrel at the port of shipment!

Let us return to the Caspian. According to estimates by the US Department of Energy, potential oil reserves there reach 232 billion barrels. Exports of oil from the Caspian region to the 2015 year may reach 3,5 million bbl per day, and to 2020 - 5 million barrels per day. This is from 3,5% to 7% of current world oil production.

It is noted that in the foreseeable future, the Caspian Sea in terms of its energy reserves will not be able to compete with the oil resources of the aforementioned Persian Gulf or the vast gas deposits of the North of the European part and Siberia of Russia. However, according to Dagestan scientists, the development of hydrocarbons in the Caspian basin can prevent the expected increase in the proportion of Arab countries and Iran in oil production, diversify world sources of energy resources and thus prevent an increase in the energy dependence of most countries of the world on a narrow group of countries.

According to forecasts, by 2025, the volume of oil and gas production in the Caspian will reach, respectively, 29,5 million tons and 18,0 billion cubic meters. meters per year. Such production volumes will not only ensure the utilization of the existing capacities of the entire region, but also give impetus to the increase in capacity by developing the entire infrastructure.

Hence the problem of the Caspian - not only oil and gas. In essence, we are talking about the future of the region and about the future of relations between the Caspian states with both Russia and the countries of the West.

To this we must add that, given the strong strategic interest in the Caspian region of the EU and the USA, Russia insists on solving the existing issues by the Caspian countries themselves, without the participation of thoughtful foreign policy actors looking at the world map in the Brussels and Washington offices.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
39 comments
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  1. Yarbay
    Yarbay 10 June 2013 08: 19 New
    +7
    ** Scientists noted that for Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, the economic side of the Caspian issue is a priority: only success in the implementation of oil and gas projects gives these countries opportunities to develop national economies, and, therefore, to ensure domestic political stability. ***
    *** Hence the problem of the Caspian - not only oil and gas. In essence, we are talking about the future of the region and the future of relations of the Caspian littoral states with both Russia and the countries of the West. ** -Absolutely correct remark!
    The article is very interesting!
    Thanks to the author!
    1. Mart
      10 June 2013 08: 38 New
      +5
      Quote: Yarbay
      The article is very interesting!
      Thanks to the author!

      Alibeku is a big plus. hi
  2. smersh70
    smersh70 10 June 2013 08: 46 New
    -2
    and our little, envious neighbors (S, Sargsyan, speaking at the Security Council) all the time wrote here that soon YOU will run out of oil and gas .... comrade lost his predictions .. hi ...........
    1. Atlon
      Atlon 10 June 2013 09: 46 New
      +6
      Quote: smersh70
      and our little, envious neighbors

      Well, you are not much more, and no less envious ... wink
      1. P-15
        P-15 10 June 2013 10: 11 New
        -1
        Everything is known in comparison, with respect to Russia we are not big, but compared to them, it’s definitely more if not more.
      2. smersh70
        smersh70 10 June 2013 10: 15 New
        -4
        Quote: Atlon
        Well, you are not much more, and no less envious



        to whom .. yourself or something .. fellow
  3. cartridge
    cartridge 10 June 2013 08: 49 New
    0
    Iran is characterized by a special view on the problem of dividing the Caspian: “everyone is equal”. This causes objections and disputes between Tehran and Baku and Ashgabat.

    And what is unacceptable for Baku and Ashgabat? Please clarify knowledgeable people.
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 10 June 2013 09: 25 New
      +5
      Quote: cartridge
      And what is unacceptable for Baku and Ashgabat? Please clarify knowledgeable people.

      In short!
      The current border of Iran is marked on the map in red!
      along the median line (blue line)!
      20% of the Caspian area claimed by Iran (green line)!
      And there are large reserves of oil and gas!
      1. cartridge
        cartridge 10 June 2013 09: 42 New
        -9
        But aren't good relations with a neighbor worth sharing equally?
        1. P-15
          P-15 10 June 2013 10: 05 New
          0
          We with some neighbors have maintained very good relations for several decades. And they spat so much that only one thing comes to mind: - Such neighbors, for the Kremlin and the museum.
        2. Yarbay
          Yarbay 10 June 2013 10: 10 New
          +2
          Quote: cartridge
          But aren't good relations with a neighbor worth sharing equally?


          certainly not worth it)))))))))
          Moreover, the neighbor is behaving very badly))))
          And you also give the neighbor the Kuril Islands, isn’t Japan a neighbor ??)))))))
          And give Lithuania a couple of raynov. They are very asking)))
      2. Egen
        Egen 10 June 2013 13: 05 New
        +3
        Quote: Yarbay
        20% of the Caspian area claimed by Iran (green line)!

        just about, and where is the Russian Federation here, what is now the "internal sea", this is not the USSR: ((
      3. ayyildiz
        ayyildiz 10 June 2013 15: 58 New
        +2
        As always, Iran is fantasizing!
      4. Setrac
        Setrac 10 June 2013 21: 02 New
        +1
        Quote: Yarbay
        In short!
        The current border of Iran is marked on the map in red!

        There is logic in the words of Iran, the sea border should be built on the principle of equal distance from the coast, and not by straight lines.
  4. Nitarius
    Nitarius 10 June 2013 09: 01 New
    +5
    It is necessary to drive the EU and the US from there!
    The Americans at the end Insolent! Cattle. So remember God here, and where are you?
    beat and beat the EU and the US from there! The parasites are bad!
  5. shamil
    shamil 10 June 2013 09: 02 New
    +3
    who has more h ..... n in the Caspian more
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 10 June 2013 09: 26 New
      +5
      Quote: shamil
      who has more h ..... n in the Caspian more

      So far it will be as Russia wants, and Russia here categorically disagrees with Iran!
      1. omsbon
        omsbon 10 June 2013 10: 22 New
        +2
        Good afternoon, Alibek!
        Measurement of pipies in the Caspian countries is rzhachno! fellow
        I have a question for you, as a connoisseur of the question: How is the Caspian divided among the coastal states? If possible, show on the map.
        Sincerely ... hi
        1. Yarbay
          Yarbay 10 June 2013 10: 48 New
          +8
          Quote: omsbon
          I have a question for you, as a connoisseur of the question: How is the Caspian divided among the coastal states? If possible, show on the map.

          Hi Andrew!
          here it is clearly shown, but the photo (kartu) could not load!

          http://info-graphic.ru/_nw/4/93383319.jpg

          In principle, it is now divided between the three countries!
          Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan divided their zones and agreed on borders!
          Turkmenistan wants to divide in its own way because of two deposits!
          Iran in its own way because of ambition!
          But everything will be decided by any Russia in the near future, and if Iran’s opinion now strongly hurt Russia, I assure you Iran would have been led to suggestions that after the next 10 years more than one Iranian boat would not enter the Caspian Sea!
          Paradoxically, in the current situation, the Caspian’s status and borders are not regulated, it’s advantageous for Russia, it makes it possible to squeeze the activity of Western companies here and, most importantly, with the help of Iran to prevent the construction of a pipeline under the sea from Kazakhstan to Azerbaijan, which will lead to a serious competitor in the supply energy resources to the West !!!
          So there is logic in the actions of Rosiii, from the point of view of the national interests of their country !!!
          with respect
          1. omsbon
            omsbon 10 June 2013 11: 35 New
            +1
            Thank alibek
            I like your comments: in fact, briefly, clearly! I respect
            1. Yarbay
              Yarbay 10 June 2013 17: 18 New
              +2
              Quote: omsbon
              I respect

              it is mutual !!
          2. 12061973
            12061973 10 June 2013 16: 35 New
            +1
            Alibek, and if you dig a navigable canal from the Caspian to the Black Sea, who will benefit from it and who will not.
  6. Trailer
    Trailer 10 June 2013 09: 27 New
    11
    Bathed yesterday near the seaport in Aktau. I didn’t see the NATO ships, so, be calmer! Everything will be fine!
    1. воронов
      воронов 10 June 2013 15: 17 New
      +2
      Quote: Karavan
      Bathed yesterday near the seaport in Aktau. I didn’t see the NATO ships, so, be calmer! Everything will be fine!

      However, it was necessary to dive deeper, then the submarines would see laughing
  7. shamil
    shamil 10 June 2013 09: 43 New
    +1
    But Iran needs a Russian member more than ever. If it weren’t for Russia, the United States would have been doing democratization there for a long time
    1. Max otto
      Max otto 10 June 2013 13: 16 New
      0
      Yes, right! Believe me, if the United States could do anything to Iran, it would. Have you forgotten Yugoslavia and Libya? This is now Russia only raised its head a little, and 5 years ago, who asked her anything at all?
  8. Rinatgoi
    Rinatgoi 10 June 2013 09: 47 New
    -24
    Cautiously, for Kazakhstan, an alliance with the Russians is preferable to the United States. Russian unpredictable people, think it is necessary to turn left will turn right.
    The agreement signed with the Russians is not even worth the paper on which it is written. W. Churchill
    1. Imperial
      Imperial 10 June 2013 10: 26 New
      19
      Well, firstly, not Chercell, but Bismarck, and how much context can be torn already. “Do not hope that once you take advantage of Russia's weakness, you will receive dividends forever. Russians always come for their money. And when they come - do not rely on the Jesuit agreements that you have signed, supposedly justifying you. They are not worth the paper on which they are written.. Therefore, it’s worth playing with the Russians honestly or not at all. ”
    2. Wild_grey_wolf
      Wild_grey_wolf 10 June 2013 11: 28 New
      +8
      Why are you stirring up enmity of Rinatgoi, you know how many I see of these strange guys in Kazakhstan with such phrases, but for some reason at every enterprise deputy. Russian directors and manages the enterprise and plows like dad Carlo
      1. MVS
        MVS 10 June 2013 12: 14 New
        +2
        Quote: Wild_Grey_Wolf
        Why are you stirring up enmity of Rinatgoi, you know how many I see of these strange guys in Kazakhstan with such phrases, but for some reason at every enterprise deputy. Russian directors and manages the enterprise and plows like dad Carlo

        Accidentally put you a minus. In general, I completely agree.
        1. Wild_grey_wolf
          Wild_grey_wolf 10 June 2013 12: 34 New
          +4
          It happens, I didn’t mean that only Russians, it’s just in that post that it clearly carries hostility ...
      2. Semurg
        Semurg 10 June 2013 13: 42 New
        +1
        Quote: Wild_Grey_Wolf
        Why are you stirring up enmity of Rinatgoi, you know how many I see of these strange guys in Kazakhstan with such phrases, but for some reason at every enterprise deputy. Russian directors and manages the enterprise and plows like dad Carlo

        At your post, it turns out that the Russian deputy director keeps the company afloat, and if not, it will be a complete ass (and so on at all enterprises). In my opinion, you and Rinatgoi are doing the same kind of enmity. He writes that the Russians do not fulfill the conditions of the signed agreements, you write that only Russians know how to work.
        1. Wild_grey_wolf
          Wild_grey_wolf 10 June 2013 13: 57 New
          +2
          I’ve recovered a little lower, but in our city 80% of enterprises and businesses are built like this ... unfortunately
    3. EwgenyZ
      EwgenyZ 10 June 2013 13: 49 New
      +1
      This Churchill is a little disingenuous, in fact, everything is exactly the opposite: the agreement signed with the Anglo-Saxons does not cost anything ... In recent years, this is a vivid confirmation.
      1. воронов
        воронов 10 June 2013 15: 23 New
        0
        Quote: EwgenyZ
        This Churchill is a little disingenuous, in fact, everything is exactly the opposite: the agreement signed with the Anglo-Saxons does not cost anything ... In recent years, this is a vivid confirmation.

        And what about Churchill in general? This is Bismarck said about the Russians
        1. Setrac
          Setrac 10 June 2013 21: 14 New
          0
          Quote: voronov
          And what about Churchill in general? This is Bismarck said about the Russians

          While the imperial said the following -
          Quote: Rinatgoi
          Cautiously, for Kazakhstan, an alliance with the Russians is preferable to the United States. Russian unpredictable people, think it is necessary to turn left will turn right.
          The agreement signed with the Russians is not even worth the paper on which it is written. W. Churchill

          This suggests that Churchill was not going to execute treaties against Russians, and therefore his (and all Anglo-Saxons) treaties against Russia are cheaper than toilet paper. This is about the Anglo-Saxons and not about the Russians.
    4. воронов
      воронов 10 June 2013 15: 20 New
      +1
      Quote: Rinatgoi
      Cautiously, for Kazakhstan, an alliance with the Russians is preferable to the United States. Russian unpredictable people, think it is necessary to turn left will turn right.
      The agreement signed with the Russians is not even worth the paper on which it is written. W. Churchill

      However, Kazakhs always wander only directly laughing
      1. Marek Rozny
        Marek Rozny 10 June 2013 18: 35 New
        +3
        Quote: voronov
        However, Kazakhs always wander just straight laughing

        at least Kazakhstan has an absolutely predictable and distinct foreign policy.
    5. Marek Rozny
      Marek Rozny 10 June 2013 22: 00 New
      +3
      Quote: Rinatgoi
      Cautiously, for Kazakhstan, an alliance with the Russians is preferable to the United States. Russian unpredictable people, think it is necessary to turn left will turn right.

      The Russians as a whole, indeed, are a nation unpredictable and inconsistent. But this minus is quite tolerable. Kazakhs are also far from an ideal nation. Nevertheless, the steppe inhabitants, in principle, get along well with the Slavs. Over one and a half thousand years have already got used to each other. As Shokan Ualikhanov (Russian officer, Kazakh Genghiside) said: "If a Kazakh fights with a Russian, then I am on the side of the Kazakh. But if a Russian is fighting with a Frenchman, then I will definitely side with the Russian."
      1. smirnov
        smirnov 11 June 2013 01: 21 New
        +2
        The officer said good words, even if we swear, and without this in any way angry , in our hearts we respect each other, which the Anglo-Saxons simply don’t have. Yes, and on the topic what kind of horseradish the Americans want there, let Ontario and Canada develop and share ...
  9. fenix57
    fenix57 10 June 2013 10: 36 New
    +2
    "According to the US Department of Energy .."- and why would they fuss, if only ... Ah ..
    Let’s give up Iran and ... don’t have to do this ... over 10 billion tons of oil reserves are concentrated in the Caspian, as well as trillions of cubic meters of natural gas, most of which is still unexplored and undeveloped.
    Moreover, Iran - which in recent years has been in the spotlight due to the confrontation with Israel and Saudi Arabia over its nuclear program - plays a vital role in the stability of the Caspian.
  10. Igor39
    Igor39 10 June 2013 10: 39 New
    +6
    How can the United States be trusted in any aspect? If if their currency is: I'll give it back. Then it might be.
  11. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 10 June 2013 11: 04 New
    0
    If not Russia, then China certainly will not allow the appearance of Americans in the Caspian. You should not think that the Chinese are such great American friends, there are no friends in geopolitics. And no one will ask for the misunderstandings that have formed in the post-Soviet space.
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. individual
    individual 10 June 2013 12: 00 New
    +2
    Caspian Sea for Russia is the inland sea.
    The waters of the Caspian Sea torn by the contradictions of Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Kazakhstan represent threat to the environment.
    Since the sea does not communicate with the waters of the oceans, the barbaric oil production has led to signs of environmental disaster on the Absheron peninsula of Azerbaijan see photo.
    What will happen what happened on April 21, 2010 on the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform, owned by the British company British Petroleum located in the Gulf of Mexico, where the explosion occurred.
    Erupting a thousand tons of oil per day, environmental damage amounted to 20 billion ...
    In this case, Caspian Sea, how will it be lost and turn into a stinking, dirty puddle.
    Only Russia and Iran can jointly stop this Armageddon.
    1. knn54
      knn54 10 June 2013 17: 44 New
      0
      -individ: Only Russia and Iran are able to jointly stop this Armageddon.
      The main thing is to prevent Western ecologists and human rights activists, who, in fact, are lured by the same oil concerns.
      This year, November 4, marks ten years since the five Caspian littoral states signed the “Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea” in Tehran.
      I wish you to celebrate this round date with dignity and optimism. And so that the "Lake of Hope" does not turn into a lake of discord.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Egen
    Egen 10 June 2013 13: 09 New
    0
    Dear Alibek, resolve the issue.
    What’s called sorry for boots :), but where will the Americans put the extracted oil? What is the supply chain, are there any major oil pipelines? I thought all that large (in bandwidth) only through the Russian Federation.
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 10 June 2013 14: 02 New
      +1
      Quote: Egen
      What’s called sorry for boots :), but where will the Americans put the extracted oil? What is the supply chain, are there any major oil pipelines?

      There are Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and Baku-Batumi oil pipelines!
      The Baku-Erzurum gas pipeline and now the other day should choose an operator for a new gas pipeline from the Shahdeniz field, but this gas pipeline is already being built, or rather, it is being conducted along the entire line of work, maybe preparatory !!
      Quote: Egen
      I thought all that large (throughput) only through the Russian Federation.

      That was until the year 98!
  16. Egen
    Egen 10 June 2013 15: 55 New
    +1
    and normal power? Then it’s clear ... Thank you, behind the times, we would have to figure it out with the northern edges :)
    1. Yarbay
      Yarbay 10 June 2013 17: 09 New
      +1
      Quote: Egen
      and normal power?

      oil pipeline -1,2 million barrels per day, work is underway to bring up to 1,5!
      gas pipeline - Now 16 billion a year, by 2017 it will be brought up to 25 billion cubic meters, and then when the second phase of the Shahdeniz field will earn up to 45 billion cubic meters!

      Always please, glad to help you!
      1. Stoic
        Stoic 10 June 2013 17: 14 New
        -6
        oil pipeline -1,2 billion tons per day, work is underway to bring up to 1,5!

        Billion tons per day))))))
        What are you smoking in Azerbaijan? )))
        1. Imperial
          Imperial 10 June 2013 17: 29 New
          +3
          Quote: Stoic
          oil pipeline -1,2 billion tons per day, work is underway to bring up to 1,5!

          Billion tons per day))))))
          What are you smoking in Azerbaijan? )))
          You are not careful, or you deliberately distort
          oil pipeline -1,2 million barrels per day, work is underway to bring up to 1,5!
          1. Stoic
            Stoic 10 June 2013 17: 39 New
            -7
            He corrected his comment. After my comment))))
            This is Yarbai))))
            1. Imperial
              Imperial 10 June 2013 18: 54 New
              +1
              Hmm .. actually his name is not Yarbai, but Alibek and he is a respected forum member with a high rating of trust in him, but here you are! didn’t even indicate the name, why are you shy? because the Stoics must be persistent)))
          2. smersh70
            smersh70 10 June 2013 17: 42 New
            0
            Quote: Imperial
            You are not careful, or you deliberately distort



            love to stir up water forever fellow
  17. IRBIS
    IRBIS 10 June 2013 16: 37 New
    +1
    And somewhere an analyst sits (this time - an Egyptian) and thinks about how the issue on the Caspian will be resolved. And the Americans do not just think, but SOLVE this question. Funny, however ... Insolence has no limits. The issue of the Caspian should be decided by those who live there. Collectively and only peacefully. The ambitions of Iran and Turkmenistan (more precisely, stubbornness) must be blocked by the joint efforts of the other player countries and in no case should they slide down to comparison by reproductive organs. Peace is always better than war, even if this world does not suit anyone.
    1. Dimy4
      Dimy4 10 June 2013 22: 26 New
      0
      And when you look at what is happening under our very noses, one gets the impression that we are fucked up ... they’re sitting, or bought because I can’t.
  18. Ram chandra
    Ram chandra 10 June 2013 16: 51 New
    +1
    However, Dagestan scientists note
    .
  19. Bekzat
    Bekzat 10 June 2013 17: 12 New
    +1
    Greetings to all,
    “The British Shell, the French Total, the Italian Eni still work there, but Americans are not so much interested in their share in the project as in the fact that they will become its operators,” continues Mambetalin. “Other Western oil companies will see how ExxonMobil works.” Kashagan is located near Aktau, and it is no coincidence that the NATO transshipment base is planned to be located in the same places. Just because the Americans will not leave this zone, because we are talking about large and even very large oil. Perhaps the Chinese will try to balance the Chinese. But the Chinese are partners today, and what will happen in years through 20-30? Surprisingly the passivity of Russia, I believe that the Russians should clearly say: guys, this is our inner lake, do not meddle. So far this is not heard. In July, it’s a deadline for starting oil production, after which Russia will practically lose its dominance in the Caspian Sea, ”he said correctly, it’s time to intervene a long time ago, and through Lukoil to squeeze out the rest of the enterprises, I still care if they make a transshipment base in Aktau, will there be intensified "opposition" and extremists? As if later they did not receive a second Syria (Kudai saktasyn !!!).
  20. Marek Rozny
    Marek Rozny 10 June 2013 18: 33 New
    +8
    1) The Caspian is not an inland water body of Russia. Russia has a small part there. And then here some have ceased to be friends with geography.
    2) Aktau as a transit point for NATO is exactly the same as Ulyanovsk. Before the Russians say "Get the Americans out of Aktau," then first resolve this issue in their own country.
    3) Kazakhstan will not allow the transformation of the transit center into an ordinary NATO military base. There is no benefit to us from this. But the minuses are higher than the roof. Everyone understands this. But in transit - it’s a sin not to make money. And in general, the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan should be facilitated in every possible way.
    4) Kashagan field is the largest investment project in the world. It is so expensive that neither the government of Kazakhstan, nor any TNC can pull it on their own. Therefore, Kashagan is being developed by a consortium in which all of these competing oil and gas companies work together for the Big Oil, which is due soon. Working conditions for investors are rather complicated, some of the largest world companies have already been "blown away" there, being unable to pull their share of the work. By and large there are no geopolitics there. This is just a major investment project in which all the major players in the oil and gas market are involved.
    5) Russia has the strongest flotilla in the Caspian. And there are no prerequisites that mythical American ships will appear in the Caspian. They there physically cannot appear. The only option (semi-fantastic, but also semi-realistic) is if the USA conquers Iran and hangs its flags on the captured Iranian Caspian ships. Well, the US-Iran war is still far away, if it happens at all.

    Z.Y. The map in the article is old. For example, the KazakhOil company is mentioned there, and this company was converted to KazMunayGas more than 10 years ago.
  21. Rinatgoi
    Rinatgoi 10 June 2013 20: 09 New
    -2
    Quote: Wild_Grey_Wolf
    Why are you stirring up enmity of Rinatgoi, you know how many I see of these strange guys in Kazakhstan with such phrases, but for some reason at every enterprise deputy. Russian directors and manages the enterprise and plows like dad Carlo

    Regarding the fact that I am stirring up ethnic hatred here, this is slander. I don't care about Russians. I criticize yes, but criticism can be useful.
    A lot of these, I certainly know. They are called nationalists.
    I do not know about such enterprises. But I know that the Russians living in Kazakhstan are slightly different from the same Russians in the Russian Federation. I do not mean appearance but mentality.
    1. smirnov
      smirnov 11 June 2013 01: 29 New
      0
      Well, no, it's up to you ...
    2. Wild_grey_wolf
      Wild_grey_wolf 11 June 2013 08: 05 New
      0
      Well then, take a closer look and you will see the real state of things and what you write cannot be called criticism ... not balanced, you can call biased, but not criticism.
  22. Rinatgoi
    Rinatgoi 10 June 2013 20: 13 New
    +2
    However, Kazakhs always wander only directly


    Kazakhs have not wandered for more than a hundred years.