In fact, the shipbuilding captains gathered to get acquainted with the new head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), Vladimir Shmakov, who, as planned, was to be presented by the Deputy Prime Minister. But what they heard after the presentation of the newly appointed head of the USC, made those present stronger hold on to the director's chairs, which, probably, some of them may soon lose.
Return to manual control
Dmitry Rogozin began a difficult conversation, stating that the state cannot tolerate the current situation, when a huge amount of financial resources abroad are withdrawn from the country instead of meeting the needs of domestic companies for new ships or repairs, the state cannot. This situation is simply intolerable and should not continue.
Meanwhile, the money invested in the industry is huge, but the returns from them are not yet visible. Moreover, there are direct threats to the failure of the implementation of the State Armaments Program for 2011 – 2020 years (GVV-2020) in the part of shipbuilding and ship repair. In order to prevent this, direct intervention in a critical situation is necessary, from which there is only one way out: direct dialogue between the government, USC and private companies operating in this field. It is extremely necessary to eliminate the problems that have emerged recently.
But the words alone will not fix the situation. That is why the President of the Russian Federation recently made a conceptual decision to place all orders for ship repair and shipbuilding in Russian capacities. At the same time, the attraction of foreign partners is possible and necessary, but only under the following two conditions.
The first. In case of serious justification of the requirements for their connection and placing orders outside the country. For example, due to the lack of proper potentials in Russia itself. At the same time for all orders placed outside the country will be made personal decisions. “Each such contract will be checked by me personally,” the deputy prime minister emphasized, “and only after my consent as authorized by the president for all shipbuilding, including military and civil, can this contract be signed.”
The second. All such transactions should be carefully designed. It is not only about the documentation and transparency of the agreements, although this is extremely important, but also about technology transfer, primarily using the offset scheme. This is how the whole world works. And it is time for us to move on to this, and not follow the stupid “buy-sell” scheme. It is necessary to land the latest technologies, scientific developments and investments on Russian soil. The largest countries that buy weapons and military equipment for themselves are actively using offset agreements. At the same time, they not only acquire civilian and defense equipment necessary for their needs, but also condition these transactions by attracting investments, transferring technologies, creating joint ventures and obtaining foreign assets.
In the near future, Dmitry Rogozin will hold a series of meetings with major companies - customers of marine civilian technology for the development of promising fields (Gazprom, Rosneft, Sovcomflot and others), which will discuss issues related to determining the needs of such vessels.
The vice-premier's irritation caused a strange situation when customers try to place an order, and shipbuilders, under various pretexts, refuse such deals, finding for this various reasons. “These games between industry and customers need to end,” he said. - One offers to see the company's website - everything is supposedly written there, and the other does not know where to place these orders, at what time, what amounts of funds are supposed to be invested. Everything should be brought to a single scheme of synchronization of needs and demand. ”
This is also important because the state defense order (GOZ) in accordance with the LG-2020, under which 23 trillion rubles was allocated to 2020, is constantly expanding. Therefore, it is imperative to make a decision as to what capacities can be involved in the state defense order and which should be completed or modernized. It is necessary to move away from paper scribbling and to engage in specific investments in infrastructure, the creation of new industries, the construction of specific objects.
In this connection, the lack of strategy of the United Shipbuilding Corporation is surprising, which Dmitry Rogozin called completely unacceptable. According to him, the government just got tired of waiting for it to appear. It was the failure in this area, when the USC was unable to submit elementary conceptual documents, led to the resignation of the former leadership of the corporation. Its new head, Vladimir Shmakov, promised to submit such a document to the Russian president in the near future. According to the Deputy Prime Minister, he can fully count on the support of the government in this work.
Such a document should not just have a beautiful name, but become a real “road map” of shipbuilding in Russia. Two most important elements should be included in the USC development strategy: defense and civil. It is impossible to break them. Only through cross-financing can the industry be raised. After all, the situation is different - there are GOZs, but there are no civil orders, but it happens the other way around. Dmitry Rogozin called for the use of civilian industry capacities when implementing large defense procurement contracts. Here we need a single managerial approach and a long-term vision of the situation. Moreover, such plans can and should be implemented in close cooperation and coordination with major consumers - Gazprom, Rosneft, Sovcomflot and fishing fleet.
It is possible that it will be necessary to revise the adopted federal programs, including the Federal Target Program “Development of civilian marine technology for 2009 – 2016 years” and “Development of the transport system of Russia for 2010 – 2015 years”, focusing on financing the thorough modernization of production facilities and building new shipyards. . As the Deputy Prime Minister noted, using the example of the shipyard of the Far Eastern Plant Zvezda, it is already clear that in order to meet the needs of Rosneft in the courts to work on the shelf, it is necessary to shift funding from the federal budget to the left - from 2016 to 2014 a year. The allocation of funds in limited quantities does not justify itself.
What to do
As practice shows, success is achieved not only due to proper cash flow. They, as already noted, recently sent to the destination in considerable quantities and regularly. The reason for the failures is the moral untidiness of individual leaders. Dmitry Rogozin accused the Far East of hiding information about the problems of the Zvezda plant. As a result, an order for the construction of an important facility was disrupted and delayed for 10 months.
Shipbuilding is of strategic importance to the country. Is it really incomprehensible to all, was it really difficult for some senior officials to bring information about the problems to the government? The Vice Prime Minister demanded to report directly on all the problems associated with production and construction. “We will find time to sort this out,” he said.
However, the degree of distrust is so great that Dmitry Rogozin ordered to install a video camera in the shops of the “Stars” to obtain objective information about the construction and repair of ships. Such a line will be connected to the situational center of the government. The vice-premier proposed doing this six months ago while visiting the factory. But then the management of the enterprise and the industry found a lot of reasons to block the implementation of this order. “Why is it impossible to establish an elementary communication line in the XXI century? - He turned to the directors with a question. - Or should we correct the situation for you? Officials who have lagged behind in the construction of the facility for 10 months, who have not responded to requests from the center and have actually been negligent should be punished. ”
In civil shipbuilding, it is necessary to eliminate the existing imbalance in the distribution of money from research works (R & D) to the modernization of production, construction of shipyards. The relevant order is being prepared. “There is a lot of research, a lot of papers, but there have never been any ships. Why? - asked Dmitry Rogozin. - Do we need research - of course, we need! But we cannot turn all the money that the state sends to shipbuilding into another paper stream of incomprehensible documents. We must end with this. "
The development strategy of the USC should also provide for the improvement of the corporate governance model of subsidiaries and affiliates. It is necessary to analyze the effectiveness of regional shipbuilding centers in the form of JSC. For this, the new head of the USC will be given all the necessary powers, including personnel.
The “roadmap” should include the possibility of a public-private partnership (PPP), laying it in attractive position for business. With such large-scale tasks facing the industry, the implementation of all programs only at the expense of the federal budget is impossible. This also applies to the state defense order. Moreover, there are no problems for the implementation of PPP in the implementation of the state defense order.
Special conversation - on the ships of the Navy, requiring repair. We must not wait for them to go to the dock, but order the replacement units in advance. To do this, it is necessary to carry out a preliminary inspection at sea Representatives of shipyards assigned to them should be on such ships. Moreover, the ship repair plan was presented by the Navy Headquarters and it is easy to calculate when and which ship will be up against the wall.
“This will be true outsourcing, about which Serdyukov talked a lot, but reduced everything to distribution of everything to private shops,” Dmitry Rogozin explained. “Real outsourcing is in constant joint cooperation of the army, navy and industry, changing their roles at different stages of the life cycle.”
When a ship is handed over to the fleet, this does not mean that the shipbuilding industry can forget about it. The industry must accompany him, including during exercises, to take readings and observations. And it is high time to establish such a dialogue. “We are one team,” the deputy prime minister said. “We should not break production ties, as it did before.”
Soon, many contracts concluded under Serdyukov with the tacit consent, unfortunately, of the previous board of directors of USC will be revised. The managers who were part of it are also fully responsible for nodding and cheating when concluding contracts at deliberately low prices. “You can, of course, beat the industry with a hammer on the head, but only then it will come out anyway,” said Dmitry Rogozin indignantly about pricing. “And what will close this deficit of funds now?”
This problem has been reported to the president, and at the end of July a serious discussion will take place on it. If necessary, an audit will be carried out, and an appeal to the Court of Accounts is prepared for all contracts: how real they are. This will contribute to the new flexible law on the GOZ, which will work from January 1 2014 of the year. In the meantime, we have to conclude: many of the signed contracts are defective.
The question of the shortage of professional personnel in connection with the sharp increase in the state defense order, primarily of highly skilled workers, and engineering and technical personnel, is becoming ever more acute. Dmitry Rogozin called for a bold search for them, including outside the Russian Federation. As an example, he cited the Ulyanovsk Aviastar aircraft factory, to which the first eight highly qualified young specialists from the Tashkent aircraft factory, our compatriots, arrived. They will be provided with an external Russian citizenship. The Vice Premier is ready to review the lists of such professionals by himself in order to resolve issues of citizenship with the President. He instructed the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Education and Science to submit proposals on this issue as soon as possible, providing for the training and retraining of personnel.
In the near future, the role of the Maritime Collegium at the Government of the Russian Federation will increase. The corresponding order is being prepared. The personal responsibility of managers for the strict observance of deadlines for the implementation of all decisions will be established.
In conclusion, Dmitry Rogozin said that the government would not tolerate a breakdown in the shipbuilding program. The country must prove to everyone that, despite the enormous problems that have occurred in shipbuilding in recent years, the industry is able to overcome them, relying on its potential and high professionalism.