Military Review

Kyrgyzstan: the third revolution in color?

The most revolutionary country in the post-Soviet space is once again experiencing social tectonics. We are talking about Kyrgyzstan, which over the past 8 years has already experienced a couple of color revolutions. As a result of the first revolution (2005 year), Askar Akayev lost his presidency, and over time, Mr. Bakiyev passed along with his “family contract”, and as a result of the second (2010), Bakiyev was forced to say goodbye to his post, giving him first interim "successor" Roza Otunbayeva, and only then the election results showed that Almazbek Atambayev was the new head of Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyzstan: the third revolution in color?

If we evaluate the political processes taking place in the territory of post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, it turns out that not one of the elected presidents has left his post in a constitutional manner. Both (both Akayev and Bakiyev) were forced to flee the country in the literal sense of the word in order not to become victims of the opposition.

The main source of destabilization in the territory of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan can be considered that the country is far from integrity and respect for the rule of law in its various regions. The division to the "north" and the "south" managed to take shape here quite thoroughly, and as soon as a hotbed of instability arises, it leads to open clashes between separate regions of Kyrgyzstan. The situation is also aggravated by the ethnic differentiation that takes place in Kyrgyzstan, and certain forces are excellent in their use. Overgrown Kyrgyz-Tajik and Kyrgyz-Uzbek contradictions often manifest themselves in those areas of the country where these nations literally live side by side.

The current unrest in Kyrgyzstan initially (at least externally) was not associated with historical claims of the south of Kyrgyzstan to its north. Public thunder boomed in the area of ​​the Kumtor gold deposit, located in the Issyk-Kul region of the country, only fifty kilometers from the border with the People's Republic of China. The deposit itself belongs to the Canadian company Centerra Gold, the state’s share in which is exactly one third. At the same time, it is the Canadian company that is the largest taxpayer to the Kyrgyz treasury. According to some reports, the total budget revenues from the activities of this company and its subsidiaries reach 24% of the total. In 2012 alone, more than 4500 kilograms of gold were mined at the Kumtor mine. The mine employs nearly 2,7 thousand Kyrgyz citizens.

What caused dissatisfaction of mine workers? According to Kyrgyz media, it was originally said that the Canadian owner doesn’t know how to take care of Kyrgyz workers at the mine. These workers in the ultimatum form demanded from the management of the Centerra Gold company that in the settlements located near Kumtor the company built new roads, schools and kindergartens. Representatives of the Canadian company’s management stated that the company complied with all of its obligations to pay taxes to the Kyrgyz budget, hinting that if someone had to build roads and kindergartens in the Jety-Oguz district of Issyk-Kul oblast, then only local authorities with the support of the state government. They say that our business is small - to get products, to sell them and to pay profits in the form of taxes, which, in fact, is written in the contract.

Such a response from the leadership of the Canadian company led to the beginning of the riots. Kumtor employees decided to block the road to the mine, forcing the company's owners to be more accommodating. The Canadian proprietor did not conduct further conversations with the protesters, but sent a letter to the head of the republic, Almazbek Atambayev, in which information on taxes, the need for compliance with agreements and everything else was set out in approximately the same form.

At about the same time, anti-government sentiments began to grow among the protesters. Apparently, the words of the Canadian owners of the mine shares, who first ignored them, nevertheless decided to take into account. Like, and Canadians, maybe they are right. If they pay billions of soms to the state treasury, then why don't the authorities care about improving the living standards of the local population? ..

The reaction crowd thus began to see two goals: the first goal was a Canadian company itself, which, as many Kyrgyz citizens believe, received an 100% stake in the Kumtor deposit as a result of privatization with clearly criminal overtones; The second goal is the authorities who are not ready to use the funds that come to the budget from selling gold from the mine to improve the economic situation, at least in the area where this mine is located. There were heard calls for the nationalization of the mine with the simultaneous denunciation of the agreement with the Canadian Centerra.

The next step of the protesters was the seizure of the Tamga substation and the disconnection of power supply at Kumtor, as a result of which the work at the mine and in the ore processing companies (Centerra’s daughters) was paralyzed. The strengthened outfits of law enforcement officers, who at first did not show much zeal for dispersing the protesters, began to catch up to the scene. The press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kyrgyzstan reported that the initial correctness (and even outright passivity) of the riot police was associated with a reluctance to aggravate the situation. However, representatives of the opposition movements stated that the internal affairs officers did not disperse the crowd, as the mine workers ’action itself was started by the Kyrgyz authorities, who had also previously stated that Kumtor needed to decide something ... waves of protesters official Bishkek, it is not clear. But another thing is clear: the very Kyrgyz opposition, which announced the “imprint of power” at the mine, decided to take advantage of the situation at Kumtor.

She took advantage of, I must say, in the spirit of the opposition (non-systemic): the first stones flew into the Interior Ministry officers, the bus of the special divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was set on fire with several more police cars. The enraged crowd literally snatched Kyrgyz policemen from the crowd, took away their shields, helmets and rubber sticks. The riot police decided not to remain in debt: stun grenades, rubber bullets, the dispersal of protesters ...

Kyrgyz Prime Minister Satybaldiev arrived at the scene to calm the situation. He promised the rally participants that the authorities are already starting to discuss the issue of revising the contract with a Canadian company and creating a joint gold mining company (50% of the shares for 50% of the shares), which will be registered in Kyrgyzstan. A certain part of the rally participants made the statements of the prime minister cool, but those who had already joined the opposition team were only provoked by Satybaldiev’s appearance and words.

President Atambayev imposed a state of emergency in the riot-ridden Issyk-Kul region and removed the head of the region. Unrest gradually began to decline.

But at the same time, the conflict broke out in the south of the country - the traditional epicenter of the destabilization of the situation in Kyrgyzstan. Opposition forces, which a couple of days ago stated that the rally on Kumtor was sponsored by Bishkek, suddenly decided to declare their solidarity with the rally participants at the mine and even spoke in favor of creating a national “southern government”. Thus, the opposition movements in Kyrgyzstan clearly took advantage of the situation around the mine to achieve their political goals. The people's head of the boiling Jelal-Abad oblast of the republic was appointed a certain Meder Usenov, who, however, a day later the representatives of the country's power structures, let's say, tied under the sanction of the article "Forcible seizure of power or forcible retention of power." This, in turn, led to the fact that the opposition, for whom the situation at Kumtor became a clear gift, continued with their new actions, demanding the release of "political prisoners". The road war was chosen as one of the mechanisms for fighting the official authorities: a crowd instigated by opposition leaders blocked the Bishkek-Osh highway (the only civilized road, say, connecting the northern and southern parts of Kyrgyzstan) in several places.

It is noteworthy that the situation at Kumtor is gradually getting back to normal, but the situation in the south of the country is becoming more and more heated. If we take into account that heroin drug traffic passes through the southern regions of Kyrgyzstan, then the opposition’s desire to get full control over this particular region of Kyrgyzstan in order to have its cash from the transit of the potion, is understandable ... Only here at the same time to hide behind the talk that it (the Kyrgyz opposition) supports "Brothers" on the "Kumtor" - a clear lie. Well, absolutely different goals here. And to achieve them, the population of the south of Kyrgyzstan, where poverty rates are extremely high, is used by certain forces very skillfully - not for the first time, by the way.

Allowing yourself to retreat a little from the Kyrgyz theme, it is worth referring to one Russian analogue. “Military Review” has already published information that in the very heart of the Black Soil Region, in the immediate vicinity of the Khopyorsky Nature Reserve (Voronezh Region), research on nickel mining begins, which (mining) can put an end to both the nature reserve and all Voronezh chernozem. Voronezh residents are determined to defend their land and not let it turn into a desert. But only among the citizens who really stand up for the protection of Voronezh lands, representatives of our valiant non-systemic opposition are increasingly seen at rallies, who are trying to push their slogans, clearly replacing the essence of the protest of the inhabitants of the region and provoking them to open clashes with the police. A region that opposes an environmental catastrophe is trying to turn the overly clever gentlemen into another Russian political “swamp”, spitting on the real interests of local residents.

This is the situation that has manifested itself today in Kyrgyzstan. Began, as they say, for health, continued - for the rest. The economic question was raised to a political degree, which was used by people who pursue completely different goals. Today not everyone remembers in the same Kyrgyz south, because of which the fuss is, and the leaders of the Kyrgyz “swamp” need it - the next grain of chaos has been sown ... It is noteworthy that all this is happening amid talk of denouncing the treaty with the Americans on about the stay of their base in Manas. Coincidence, or another “color” answer to attempts to get closer to Russia? ..
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  1. sashka
    sashka 4 June 2013 08: 31
    As soon as it comes to the airbase, a "revolution" immediately happens. Friends and partners do not sleep ..
    1. svp67
      svp67 4 June 2013 08: 39
      Quote: Sasha
      As soon as it comes to the airbase, a "revolution" immediately happens. Friends and partners do not sleep ..
      Simply, as soon as a country starts going against the "American wool", then it is worth waiting for a "color revolution" in this country
      1. sashka
        sashka 4 June 2013 08: 49
        How far have we gone from this? After all, money is in American banks. We will do what they say. We need oil and gas, but nothing else is needed. Then we wonder why the rockets are falling on Chinese microcircuits.
        1. Manager
          Manager 4 June 2013 10: 26
          Quote: Sasha
          How far have we gone from this? After all, money is in American banks. We will do what they say. We need oil and gas, but nothing else is needed. Then we wonder why the rockets are falling on Chinese microcircuits.

          Well, actually, we are slowly moving away from this. Accounts are closed abroad. And not everyone is ready to sign everything for their wives, etc. Regarding the center of the bank, firsthand, I know from a reliable friend that passions and wars are boiling there worse than in the Mexican series. And while our influence there is growing and growing. As one politician said on the radio (I don’t remember his last name), so he said that for the time being we still have to make concessions, but as he suggested, it wasn’t long to do this. There are many reasons for this. The main reason is the will of the president, so to speak.
          When asked why it is impossible to get rid of these parasites quickly, he said that they settled in very tightly and legally did not undermine. And crime is not appropriate here. So it turns out that until we rewrite the Constitution for ourselves, to hell with what we can do with these parasites.
          1. Nitup
            Nitup 4 June 2013 10: 57
            Quote: Manager
            Accounts are closed abroad. And not everyone is ready to sign everything for their wives, etc.

            So wives, too, are forbidden. So it remains for them, like that Voronezh road builder, to keep corrupt millions in bags at relatives' homes.
          2. sashka
            sashka 4 June 2013 11: 05
            Not a fact. What we can offer. Promises ...
          3. sashka
            sashka 4 June 2013 12: 31
            Agree that not a fact. What kind of power are such and mores
          4. sashka
            sashka 4 June 2013 12: 39
            Quote: Manager
            Well, actually, we are slowly moving away from this.

            Why is it suddenly. I did not see the reasons for optimism. Where such confidence.
            1. Manager
              Manager 4 June 2013 12: 47
              Quote: Sasha
              .Where such confidence.

              And how can you not believe in your own government? laughing bully wink
              1. ia-ai00
                ia-ai00 4 June 2013 17: 20
                So in this KINDER, there are a lot of unrelated, "brothers" of our LITTLE ones from the TsRu ...
          5. NOBODY EXCEPT US
            NOBODY EXCEPT US 4 June 2013 21: 32
            In Russia, in addition to rewriting the constitution for your ass, it doesn’t work out in any way, we have every new king tailoring the constitution for ourselves, there are NO other examples in the thousand-year history of Russia ...... but in general I read the first sentences of the article, I immediately realized at the end the amers would be to blame, the whole point of the article is in the last sentence, although if you think about why to build kindergartens, schools, factories, it’s better to afford money, and if people ask, it’s the Americans who are guilty of embezzlement by a party of crooks and thieves, Russia, but how can the Yankees force our People’s deputies and bureaucrats to buy real estate over the hill and the kids learn to send to a foreign land, cry and do, amers force the damned .... hello faithful Putiners ......
  2. shamil
    shamil 4 June 2013 08: 42
    democratization according to the American or internecine war of Russia it is necessary to monitor the situation Even by the methods of America (intervention in politics to put your own person)
    1. Skiff
      Skiff 4 June 2013 10: 19
      And it seems to me they are violently insane, they all have someone to blame, it is necessary to work, work, and not defend the interests of the clans or whatever they call them, the whole revolution is done with the help of reinforcement kamazs, with stones and vodka gazelles.
  3. Orel
    Orel 4 June 2013 08: 47
    Alarm bell from the West. "Close the transit center in Manas, wait for the revolution." It remains to be hoped that the authorities of Kyrgyzstan, neither the CSTO, nor Russia will not stand up in the event of a tense situation and will be able to provide real, including military support to the friendly regime, then the Americans will leave Manas.
  4. svskor80
    svskor80 4 June 2013 08: 53
    The largest taxpayer is a Canadian company. Surprised - although I’m probably far from the realities of the Kyrgyz economy.
    1. sq
      sq 4 June 2013 14: 19
      And 4,5 tons of gold mined per year is not enough? Not every country has a gold reserve of such a volume.
      1. ia-ai00
        ia-ai00 4 June 2013 17: 24
        So this "stock" seems to be no longer Kyrgyz, but Canadian!
  5. Airman
    Airman 4 June 2013 08: 54
    Quote: Sasha
    As soon as it comes to the airbase, a "revolution" immediately happens. Friends and partners do not sleep ..

    The Americans really need a base, so they will do their best to stay there. Therefore, the US-nourished opposition began to speak out to destabilize the situation. If Atambayev is displaced, then the question of closing the base will be removed. If he remains, he wonders if he needs these riots.
    1. Scoun
      Scoun 4 June 2013 10: 40
      Quote: Povshnik
      Americans really need a base, so they will do their best to stay there

      Not entirely true .. they can leave the base and lastly leave the Trojan's "gift" for Russia ..... with all the ensuing problems ..
      and what excellent use certain forces

      NGOs have settled there tightly and for a long time .. and how in Syria young people go out on the street for 10-k bucks .. and the Kyrgyz people are "spontaneous", trusting and that the worst is gambling ... then when they take the excitement they forget the root causes ...
      More than once I watched while playing in the street .. they break their legs .. they are killed but still stick from the game and even a trifle at the edge rubs ..
  6. Dima190579
    Dima190579 4 June 2013 09: 02
    The revolution has a beginning; the revolution has no end.
  7. waisson
    waisson 4 June 2013 09: 06
    for ..... e brains of violence destabilization of the situation in the region is a sprout of American democracy
  8. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 4 June 2013 09: 25
    In general, everything is as usual: the bai divide the national wealth, and the people (either from a lack of education, or the climate they have) is "led" to any provocation. As a result, the lists of the richest people are replenished with the names of officials, and the peasants, as they sucked, will be :-(
    1. sashka
      sashka 4 June 2013 09: 44
      Quote: Фкенщь13
      As a result, the lists of the richest people are replenished with the names of officials, and the peasants both sucked and will :-(

      What country are you talking about? Is it better in Russia? It's better. Otherwise Central Asia would not have walked along roads collecting cigarette butts. Apart from the lake there is nothing. Steppes and mountains. But we should be concerned about the question of the Russian military base on this lake. Apparently, maneuvers, or maneuvers, will begin again. To each his own. Whoever pays more will surrender
    2. Scoun
      Scoun 4 June 2013 10: 44
      Quote: Фкенщь13
      whether from a lack of education

      their education has become very poor .. the worst thing is that they look at the world around us without halftones ... if it is "bad" then they will not bother in the root causes ... then they will come to the conclusion that there was a "good" they will not be checked ... they will sincerely lament ...
      that is, they chop it first, then they think that they chopped it ...
      Damn .. straight on Chernomyrdin ...
      1. aviator_IAS
        aviator_IAS 4 June 2013 16: 00
        their education has become very poor .. the worst thing is that they look at the world around us without halftones ... if it is "bad" then they will not bother in the root causes ... then they will come to the conclusion that there was a "good" they will not be checked ... they will sincerely lament ..

        We also finish off the remnants of Soviet education. And they do it purposefully and consciously. If the Minister of Education Fursenko issued such pearls:

        The drawback of the Soviet education system was an attempt
        form a human creator, and now the challenge is to
        nurture a qualified consumer capable of qualified
        enjoy the results of creativity of others

        The current minister from the same deck and fully shares the views of his predecessor. Now the main thing is not knowledge, but the ability to find information (on the same Internet). This is now spelled out in all methodological literature for teachers. Why this is done I think is understandable. Uneducated, lacking their knowledge is easier to manage. Education was ruined in Kyrgyzstan, and the country turned into an Asian version of the banana republic - expanse for geopolitics. The so-called education reform - a real mine with a clockwork.
  9. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 4 June 2013 09: 58
    Quote: Sasha
    What country are you talking about? Is it better in Russia?

    Yes, it is everywhere, both in Asia and in Russia, a small "elite" has all the rest of the world.
  10. avt
    avt 4 June 2013 10: 03
    Evono as, went to the GDP in Kyrgyzstan and at once the grove under the mountain started to smoke! Ecology however. Like, "firemen" will have to be left in Manas.?
  11. The gentleman
    The gentleman 4 June 2013 10: 07
    I don’t like it when the authors of such articles write about the situation in Kyrgyzstan as revolutionary. Forgive me, of course, they cannot be revolutionaries, they do not create and do not offer something new for the state. This is a stupid herd that does not want to work or do, but only knows how to yell and try to get something for free.
    1. sashka
      sashka 4 June 2013 10: 25
      The USSR did not fall apart. WAS AND WILL BE
  12. sys-1985
    sys-1985 4 June 2013 10: 26
    As much as you can .. they apparently have become a national fun ...
  13. Yeraz
    Yeraz 4 June 2013 10: 31
    But are the representatives of the current government not from the southern regions mainly?
  14. sashka
    sashka 4 June 2013 10: 45
    The FSB is still here. It is here ... No options. Very sorry...
    1. ia-ai00
      ia-ai00 4 June 2013 17: 43
      "Here" - tsRu ... No options!
  15. Sergey Poles
    Sergey Poles 4 June 2013 10: 45
    my relative works on a kumtor. He has a pretty decent patch even if compared with the Russian one, so he and his colleagues definitely won’t go to it. And the noise is raised by the inhabitants of the neighboring impoverished villages who can’t do anything except sheep. And you want money for free.
    1. Scoun
      Scoun 4 June 2013 18: 34
      Quote: Sergey Polyakov
      And the noise is raised by the inhabitants of the surrounding impoverished villages who know nothing but the mouth of the sheep.

      But someone among these shepherds was preoccupying rumors about unfairness .. they brought digital figures .... back to the first color ... NCO students got their brains so bad .. that they really thought that it was a good thing .. they use them and they understand it can not .. where does the shepherd have Internet and information about NGOs?
      they are "warmed up by a specialist" only non-profit organizations do not understand one thing .. that even if a mess breaks out, it will not burn for a long time .. there are all relatives to each other and they will cool down quickly for an incomprehensible person to tear their vests not for three days but a month .. will solve. (I really hope so) .. but they will have time to break so much wood ...
      IMHA. on the periphery of Russia such foci will constantly flare up ... LGBT people (new abusive word in one bottle and 32 races and perverts and Zionists bankers) will not calm down ...
  16. sigizmund472
    sigizmund472 4 June 2013 11: 51
    Quote: Gentleman
    but only knows how to yell and try to get something for free.

    They didn’t work in Soviet times, now too. But to yell and talk are masters.
    1. The gentleman
      The gentleman 4 June 2013 13: 58
      therefore, there were always complaints against the Uzbek population, which, unlike them, always worked.
  17. pinecone
    pinecone 4 June 2013 12: 18
    A nomadic people divided into clans, organically incapable of stable self-government.
    1. sashka
      sashka 4 June 2013 12: 23
      But have they "wandered" to the Far East? Maybe we'll wander there too.
    2. washi
      washi 4 June 2013 13: 15
      Tell this to the Tatars, the peoples of Siberia and the Far East, the Kazakhs, who have completely assimilated. They are going nationalism, but this is from individual groups from the desire to grab more and for free. Give the consequences of nomadic life - tribal relations
  18. washi
    washi 4 June 2013 13: 09
    Learn the story. At the Lena gold mines in 1905 the same story. Workers - and the Chiefs go babdo.
    It will be so if WE lose our INDEPENDENCE
  19. knn54
    knn54 4 June 2013 13: 16
    The strange passivity of the security forces at the initial stage of the protests, the rapid transition to pogroms and the use of force by the police, indicates that some of the powers that be had the desire to get their piece of the pie.
    The main thing is that the “golden apple of discord” would not lead to the Trojan War.
  20. harrymur
    harrymur 4 June 2013 14: 23
    everything goes to the point that soon our cross will be raised above the desecrated Orthodox church of Sofia
  21. Gato
    Gato 4 June 2013 15: 38
    They started, as they say, for health, continued - for peace.

    Direct analogy with Turkey. We started with an "environmental protest", the opposition joined (behind which very specific ears stick out) - and no one knows how it will end.
  22. slaventi
    slaventi 4 June 2013 15: 49
    As soon as the Kirghiz abandon the American base, then there is immediately a riot or revolution.
    Amer put pressure on the Kyrgyz regime.
  23. Humpty
    Humpty 4 June 2013 16: 49
    "The accordionist treats syphilis with alcohol that was received in the Kyrgyz steppes" S. Yesenin.
    "K ... - the people are lazy and thieving. Unsuitable for the tsarist service. You can hunt them, you can't eat." N. Przhevalsky.
    C. Valikhanov was, to put it mildly, not enthusiastic about them.
    I. Mushketov did not share Valikhanov’s opinion in everything.
    Citizens of the common man, before you minus or delete a comment, I recommend finding through any search engine "Winter will not be" 1 or 2.

    Kyrgyz do not know what they are doing. Why decide for yourself.
    1. Scoun
      Scoun 4 June 2013 17: 49

      But the human soul really should change))))
  24. homosum20
    homosum20 4 June 2013 16: 51
    Show off less.
    Russia is the key to stability of power.
  25. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 4 June 2013 17: 37
    sigizmund472 RU
    They didn’t work in Soviet times, now too. But to yell and talk are masters
    Don't just scream and talk. An acquaintance from Bishkek said that during the first "revolution" the Kyrgyz carried out real pogroms with looting and murders. People were afraid to go out ...
  26. teodorh
    teodorh 4 June 2013 17: 48
    I personally do not like to comment on the internal politics of foreign states, but still, it seems to me right those who say that Kyrgyzstan did not take place as a state!
  27. Farvil
    Farvil 4 June 2013 19: 12
    In our country, there will be more chaos; the authorities are getting hardened from permissiveness and impunity.
  28. The comment was deleted.
  29. romb
    romb 4 June 2013 19: 17
    At times I do not understand this fraternal people. Is it really so hard for them to understand that with their antics they continue to undermine the foundation on which their statehood rests.
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Nursultan
        Nursultan 7 June 2013 05: 44
        Dear or Dear, do not insult the people.
        Admins where you look after all from Kyrgyzstan people read too !!!
  30. nnz226
    nnz226 5 June 2013 15: 18
    Papuans will never become a state! So in tribal relations they will revolve ...
  31. MGVM
    MGVM 5 June 2013 23: 18
    Another wood carving.