The Tu-22М3 aircraft was created by the AN OKB. Tupolev according to the Decree of the USSR SM № 534-187 1974, and represents a deep modernization of the Tu-22М2, which differs from the improved aerodynamics of the airframe, reduced weight, improved tactical and operational characteristics.
The first experienced Tu-22М3 took off 20 on June 1977, and the joint state tests ended in 1981. From 1981 to 1984. the plane passed an additional set of tests in the version with enhanced combat capabilities. In 1978, its mass production begins in parallel with the Tu-22М2, the release of which ended in 1984. In total, the Kazan Aviation Production Association (KAPO) built 268 machines, whose production was completed in 1993.
Officially in final form, the Tu-22М3 was adopted in March 1989.
The multi-mode long-range Tu-22М3 bomber is designed to destroy important targets on enemy territory.
In terms of its tactical performance, the Tu-22М3 is significantly superior to the Tu-22М2 at maximum (2000-2300 km / h) speed, tactical range (by 14-45%, depending on flight mode) and total combat effectiveness (2,2 times ).