Military Review

Sky with Tu-22M3 Backfire

History create
The Tu-22М3 aircraft was created by the AN OKB. Tupolev according to the Decree of the USSR SM № 534-187 1974, and represents a deep modernization of the Tu-22М2, which differs from the improved aerodynamics of the airframe, reduced weight, improved tactical and operational characteristics.

The first experienced Tu-22М3 took off 20 on June 1977, and the joint state tests ended in 1981. From 1981 to 1984. the plane passed an additional set of tests in the version with enhanced combat capabilities. In 1978, its mass production begins in parallel with the Tu-22М2, the release of which ended in 1984. In total, the Kazan Aviation Production Association (KAPO) built 268 machines, whose production was completed in 1993.
Officially in final form, the Tu-22М3 was adopted in March 1989.

The multi-mode long-range Tu-22М3 bomber is designed to destroy important targets on enemy territory.
In terms of its tactical performance, the Tu-22М3 is significantly superior to the Tu-22М2 at maximum (2000-2300 km / h) speed, tactical range (by 14-45%, depending on flight mode) and total combat effectiveness (2,2 times ).

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  1. Grigorich 1962
    Grigorich 1962 7 June 2013 08: 43 New
    Oh, beautiful, machine !! .... how much love designers, engineers and workers put into it. I remember in the 80s in Kaliningrad such planes took off from the Chkalovsky airfield. This usually happened in the evening. So the whole city was trembling from the rumble and roar ...... nice to remember
    1. svp67
      svp67 7 June 2013 21: 19 New
      Quote: Grigorich 1962
      Oh beautiful car !!

  2. MilaPhone
    MilaPhone 7 June 2013 08: 56 New
    Powerful beauty or beautiful power - everything fits this plane!
    Photo class! +
  3. OTAKE
    OTAKE 7 June 2013 08: 59 New
    Electronics would still be modern to hang on him and there would be a hell of a machine, I saw him a couple of times at a military airfield in the Khabarovsk Territory, the roar was hellish, a very impressive device
  4. sys-1985
    sys-1985 7 June 2013 09: 09 New
    A breathtaking bird, nothing more, perfection.
  5. keeper
    keeper 7 June 2013 09: 13 New
    Yes, the ergonomics of quality and convenience do not shine unfortunately .. But outwardly they are beautiful, like swans.
  6. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 7 June 2013 09: 23 New
    From the Don.
    He served in the Air Force 76 -78. We had such people and there were legends about them. And night flights? This is never forgotten!
    1. Indigo
      Indigo 7 June 2013 12: 14 New
      We stood there (Stryi, Lviv region) - a night take-off on the afterburner and the star quickly goes into the sky - indeed, an impression on the rest of my life ...
  7. Simple_Nick
    Simple_Nick 7 June 2013 09: 52 New
    Quote: Grigorich 1962
    Oh, beautiful, machine !! .... how much love designers, engineers and workers put into it.

    Beautiful, I agree.
    Yes, that's just the attitude to these beauties, frankly not beautiful.

    And so yes, very beautiful
    1. a
      a 7 June 2013 09: 58 New
      on a low-level flight is something. such a colossus near the ground. even cooler than flying modern fighter jets
  8. Dima190579
    Dima190579 7 June 2013 09: 52 New
    Not just beautiful, but a very beautiful airplane.
  9. Capt.stryker
    Capt.stryker 7 June 2013 10: 39 New
    An airplane is like an airplane; there is nothing unique in it! Although not - its uniqueness lies in the fact that with such dimensions, there was no place for a banal latrine! This aircraft also "brilliantly" showed itself in the bombing of the Afghan mountains. What would happen to him, if God forbid, he would have to fight against a real adversary - the United States and NATO, can be seen in the Georgian-Asetian conflict.
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 7 June 2013 10: 49 New
      What would happen to NATO and the United States, if they had to fight with a real enemy, and not with the Arabs? “Nothing good.”
      1. Capt.stryker
        Capt.stryker 7 June 2013 11: 11 New
        Quote: fzr1000
        What would happen to NATO and the United States, if they had to fight with a real enemy, and not with the Arabs? “Nothing good.”

        I remember very well how Soviet generals quite seriously predicted a blood bath for the anti-Iraq coalition on the eve of Desert Storm. The Iraqi army, hardened in battles with Iran, and armed with the best Soviet weapons in the world, will arrange a second Vietnam for the damned “aggressors” from the USA and NATO! Well???
        1. il grand casino
          il grand casino 7 June 2013 11: 26 New
          Wash to compare the desert with Vietnam - Stupid
        2. fzr1000
          fzr1000 7 June 2013 12: 03 New
          "Soviet generals ignored ....." You were at the General Staff of the USSR at that moment? Gorby ignored and gave such an order to others, that's for sure. And about the "Soviet generals" we can only guess who they ignored there. And in general, the presence of Soviet / Russian equipment in someone is not a guarantee of victory, without its competent and skillful use. People are fighting, not technology.
    2. Ratibor12
      Ratibor12 8 June 2013 03: 44 New
      Quote: Capt.Stryker
      What would happen to him, if God forbid, he would have to fight against a real adversary - the United States and NATO, can be seen in the Georgian-Asetian conflict.

      Come on! We all know what happened to dozens of B-52s, when they had to wai-wai “God forbid” to “just” fight with Vietnam! lol So far, one in Lake Hyutyep in Hanoi is lying around like a reminder! wink Oh! And what would happen to Amer’s aviation if they had to fight a real-equal enemy at least once in history ??? Against the USSR !!!
      And in 2008, the Tu-22 actually fought against the United States, NATO (target designation) and Ukraine in addition (Buk’s calculations). Our ho.hl.aty brothers have always been distinguished by a certain certain subtlety. negative Either Dirlewanger’s “lads” burned us down with Khatyn, then six of the “unaunso” walk under Chechens ... Damn! Even at the Battle of the Nations! Who is special in dirty tricks (such as a falsion under the knee)? Heh! Guess what! Of course! Who else!
      Well, the fact that they sometimes write at all without an emetic bag is difficult to read ...
  10. Capt.stryker
    Capt.stryker 7 June 2013 11: 04 New
    Not so long ago I had the pleasure of watching the Big Report program specifically about the Tu-22M3 - this artwork was called Night Hunters. Fun began in the first minutes of this circus. The plane, it turns out, is not called Backfire in NATO, but BIGFIRE !!! Then I learn that the Tu-22M3 is the heaviest supersonic aircraft in the world (!) As evidenced by the Guinness Book of Records! Another stupid thing about this "cinema art" is the statement that the runway at AB Belaya, where these planes are based, has a length of "almost five kilometers", which makes it the longest after the strip in Zhukovka. I assure you with all responsibility - this is FALSE! The runway in Belaya has a length of just over 4 km, not even 4050, I don’t remember exactly, but somewhere 4020-4030.
    Once again, I was convinced that to watch Russian documentaries, whether it’s a "big report", or "carbon monoxide" or an even more idiotic-idiotic "military secret", and now also a new project "training ground" with hysterically-screaming presenters, if possible, then just mute the sound.
    1. Andy
      Andy 7 June 2013 11: 31 New
      ah-ah, "Then I find out that the Tu-22M3 is the heaviest supersonic aircraft in the world (!) which is confirmed by the Guinness Book of Records!"

      those records are registered there that were announced. therefore, the Tu160 and B1 flew by without particularly bothering.

      "Once again, I was convinced that watching Russian documentaries, whether it be a" big report ", or" carbon monoxide "or an even more idiotic-idiotic" military secret ", and now also a new project" training ground "with hysterically-screaming presenters if you can, then just mute the sound. "
      and you study the Guinness book. can master.
      1. Indigo
        Indigo 7 June 2013 12: 04 New
        I recommend watching discovery and letting snot out of tenderness .....
    2. fzr1000
      fzr1000 7 June 2013 11: 57 New
      Well don't look.
  11. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior 7 June 2013 11: 36 New
    I recalled a scene from the "Red Storm" T. Clancy, how the 22nd hollowed out American AUG. winked
  12. misham
    misham 7 June 2013 12: 11 New
    The plane is cool. Maybe someone will clarify why he was removed from the Navy. This is the main striking force after the submarine. One MRA regiment is much cheaper and more efficient than a dozen missile boats or several missile cruisers.
    1. abc_alex
      abc_alex 7 June 2013 17: 03 New
      They did not remove him. Just attack aircraft of the Navy fastened to the ground.

      And do not have illusions, it is not cheap. In addition, there are many nuances that are not reflected in the performance characteristics. For example, not everything is so simple with supersonic and X-22.

      And today, these machines for Russia are an irreplaceable resource. Engines do not produce them. And the engines there are such that they are created only for these machines. Now, as a rule, fighting efficiency is supported by "cannibalism."

      Well, again, being very perfect for its time at the moment, it is out of date. For example, modern supersonic airplanes do fine without a variable wing sweep :)

      Again, a very difficult question with anti-ship missiles X-22. It has impressive characteristics in terms of speed and power of warheads, but it has low noise immunity and fuel components are extremely toxic.

      And for the same Bramos there is enough Su-30, especially Su-34.
      1. Stix
        Stix 7 June 2013 23: 48 New
        do not drive a wave about fuel; ordinary aviation kerosene in 40 liters of alcohol is used for air conditioners and as an anti-icer
  13. Restor
    Restor 7 June 2013 13: 21 New
    Once, I could watch the flights of this handsome airplane from the window of my own apartment. Then I also saw a lot of scrap metal, which turned them into joyful Americans. Together with the Svidomo-corrupt authorities of Ukraine (for only a dozen green lamas, not to mention that clear sky overhead is priceless).
    What the current leadership of the Ukrainian Air Force is counting on is not clear. Perhaps there is a pair of 5th generation corncrackers in the zagashnik for targeted manure throwing over enemy heads ...
  14. Trevis
    Trevis 7 June 2013 13: 27 New
    Damn, gorgeous photos! good Thank you!
  15. iulai
    iulai 7 June 2013 15: 27 New
    Not a car, but a song !!!
  16. angarchanin
    angarchanin 7 June 2013 15: 51 New
    I had a chance to pilot on the Tu-22M02 and Tu-22M03 (it was through "0", because they were flying as ed. 4502 and 4503). And for its time, this car is not entirely successful: for this we need to compare with the FB-111. But here’s what they did on this type in the exercises (in 1983) to overcome the air defense of the Trans-Baikal and Far East Military Forces - this is a separate story! The main thing is who controls the equipment, and Soviet pilots always differed from others in their ability to take risks and squeeze more than 100% of the equipment. Unfortunately, today it is an outdated very expensive equipment without the possibility of deep modernization.
  17. gregor6549
    gregor6549 7 June 2013 17: 18 New
    The car was really cool for its time. But for such an 40 aircraft with a hook of years, this is a deep old age, especially for ego electronic equipment. We must not forget that the plane was once cut off its wings at the highest level, having agreed to dismantle refueling systems in the air from it, and without them it could no longer fulfill the functions of a strategic bomber which were assigned to the TTZ and began to be used mainly in naval aviation .
    But even in the Navy, such an aircraft is doomed to destroy the enemy’s AUG fighters if it does not have adequate cover for its fighters. And where to get them in the ocean, One "Admiral Kuznetsov" for everything and all is not enough. And the Kuznetsov’s aviation group is rather weak compared to those based on modern US aircraft carriers. Therefore, the beauty of the aircraft is one thing, and its real combat effectiveness in specific conditions is another.
    Does it make sense to upgrade it is also a question. After all, here it’s not enough to put more advanced electronics and engines. It is also necessary to extend the life of the airframe, and over so many years in the airframe’s design there are invisible but serious changes in the strength characteristics of the metal.
    In Australia, for example, they also tried to extend the life of the F111 bombers as much as possible. But extended only as long as it was profitable from both an economic and a military point of view. As soon as these benefits disappeared, every single F111 was sent to scrap metal and museums, and instead they began to purchase much more modern and efficient flying machines. Occupation, of course, is expensive but necessary if the first place is not showing airplanes in air parades and shows, but real combat work with a completely weak opponent
    1. Alekseev
      Alekseev 9 June 2013 16: 05 New
      Quote: gregor6549
      and instead, they began to purchase much more modern and effective flying machines.

      Do not hesitate to tell which ones Is there "modern flying" to replace the Tu-22m3?
  18. tupolev22m3
    tupolev22m3 7 June 2013 18: 07 New
    Quote: Just_Nick
    Quote: Grigorich 1962
    Oh, beautiful, machine !! .... how much love designers, engineers and workers put into it.

    Beautiful, I agree.
    Yes, that's just the attitude to these beauties, frankly not beautiful.

    And so yes, very beautiful

    his extreme departure before the demobilization flew with the wolf, sprinkling with his salts was impressionable from the board on all these passages to look at extremely small and with such speed, there is a video from the cockpit from this departure
  19. DimYang
    DimYang 7 June 2013 18: 24 New
    Yes, a great bomber. Such at an alliance near Gomel stood in Zyabrovka. Now there is devastation.
  20. fatty
    fatty 7 June 2013 19: 15 New
    guys, when I was studying in Poltava and these planes took off with a roar and roar, I was sick with pride! we already knew that the staff called them bagfayers. we went to the department of psychiatry, and these went to land above the Swedish grave, and then it was completely quiet, sitting overhead, the most beautiful, with spread wings appeared that 22m3
    1. LINX
      LINX 8 June 2013 01: 45 New
      Here is a photo shot in Poltava, TU-22M3, like the last TU-160, are standing remembering their former glory.


  21. colonel67
    colonel67 7 June 2013 20: 14 New
    Crimea. Hilarious. Youth on the Tu22M3. In memory forever!
  22. nnz226
    nnz226 8 June 2013 00: 25 New
    It was not in vain that when preparing the next WWS agreement, the Americans started with liquid manure, demanding that the air refueling system be removed from the Backfire, because then these planes could do what they wanted in the sky of an adversary. By the way, since amers have left half of the agreements (including on missile defense), can, after all, refueling systems be installed on these horror stories for the West ?!
  23. Marconi41
    Marconi41 8 June 2013 03: 11 New
    The photos are good. Avionics is a bit old, of course, and visibility also wishes for better probably. I would like to see reviews from pilots flying them.
  24. NickitaDembelnulsa
    NickitaDembelnulsa 8 June 2013 09: 20 New
    Great car. However, the fate of this aircraft is not easy. More than half of the fleet does not fly. Only 30 units are going to repair and upgrade. To destroy the ACG and targets on earth - this amount is not enough.