Military Review

Greece: heaven or hell for intelligence? How local intelligence agencies missed the secret terrorist organization

2
Loud terrorist attacks in Boston, London and Paris alarmed many Russians traveling abroad. On the eve of the mass leave season, the issue of security at resorts was particularly acute. A recent assassination attempt by a Dutch animator of a Russian boy, who was vacationing in Greek Crete, excited tourists. Should I go to Greece? Will local special services protect in case of a terrorist act?


The observer of the Academy of Sciences asked to dispel the anxieties of future spa visitors of Alexander Georgievich Khristoforov, who had just returned from Athens, a veteran of Soviet and Russian intelligence.

The first place of Hellas


Lt. Col. Christopher even retired retained a peculiar sense of humor. So this time he tried to pin up the AN browser:

- What currency will you pay for a consultation with a poor pensioner? I prefer the liquid.

Alexander Georgievich efficiently poured into cups the strongest coffee in Greek. And then he began to recall his work in the Athenian residency of our intelligence. During the Cold War, Ellada was viewed as being advanced by the “outpost of the West” against the USSR. Then Athens was flooded with agents of the American CIA and the Soviet KGB. According to the local press, The headquarters of the CIA in Greece at that time was the third largest in the world. Soviet intelligence there is also missing. If we take into account the small size of the country, then we can safely say that if you divide the number of CIA and KGB agents by the total number of Greeks, then Hellas clearly ranked first in the world in the number of agents "per capita". No wonder the former head of the Strasi GDR special services Marcus Wolfe called Greece a “spy haven”.

However, the local military - "black colonels" - were only friends with high-ranking leaders of the American intelligence service in Athens. By John Fatsea and John Stevens. The United States took on the task of teaching the Greek fighters LOK (mountain sabotage detachments) and established close ties with the service National Security (TEM)which had the most extensive network of informers across the country.

With the help of the Greek special services, the Americans delivered tangible blows to our Athenian residency. Among them is the recruitment and removal to the United States of two high-ranking officers of the Soviet intelligence services who worked in Athens "under the roof" of the Soviet embassy: Deputy resident of the KGB Viktor Gundarev and deputy resident of the GRU (military intelligence) Sergei Bokhan. Together with these traitors, virtually all the secrets of Soviet intelligence in Greece fell to the West. It is no coincidence that a short time after their flight to the US in Athens, a journalist’s book came out. Pavlos Anastasiadis "Dancing with the Bear: The KGB in Greece". It described in detail many of the operations of the Soviet secret services in Hellas: from stealing the secret blueprints of the American Stinger portable missile and “ideological” sabotage by creating in Greece pro-Soviet prints before the secret funding of organizations "fighters for peace." Some consider the operation of the KGB in Greece even a strange marriage to the daughter of the legendary shipowner Aristotle Onassis Christina and a citizen of the USSR Sergey Kauzov. According to a number of sources, the KGB tried in such an exotic way to establish control over a gigantic shipping empire. Onassis

Alexander G. also told such a curious case of opposition to technical intelligence services. At the height of the Cold War, the CIA, with the help of the Greek special services, made every possible attempt to introduce its eavesdropping technique into the Soviet embassy in Athens. They even built a hotel close to the embassy building. In the wall of the embassy building adjacent to the hotel on all three floors with access to workers' and service premises, technical intelligence officers of the KGB revealed hidden holes leading to microphones embedded in the wall. Then there was an incident: our scouts began pulling the equipment laid by the wires, and their spies from the other side pulled them to themselves. But our employees were stronger. They got a lot of trophies.

For a long time, the residents of the CIA felt masters in Athens. But after the fall of the "black colonels" junta, the paradise for American spies ended. Hell come.

Help "AN"
The main intelligence and counterintelligence body of Greece is Central Information Service (KIP), subordinate to the prime minister.

The TRC directly conducts agent work both domestically and abroad, makes arrests and investigations, and dismisses employees of the state apparatus in the event materials are received about their political unreliability.
The system of counter-intelligence agencies in Greece includes "Allodapon", "Asphalia" and "Alpha-2".

Allodapon is a service of the Greek Ministry of the Interior. Consists of departments: general issues, especially secret cases, personnel and the passport and visa department. Operational departments of Allodapona are built according to the territorial principle: the department of the Slavic countries, the Anglo-French and the Austro-German departments. Allodapon is working among foreigners working in the official representative offices of foreign countries in Greece.

Asphalia is the security service of the main police department of the Ministry of the Interior of Greece, which is the main body of political investigation.

Alpha-2 is the second bureau of the General Staff, which performs the functions of military intelligence and counterintelligence.

The elusive avengers from "17 November"

Athens was First Secretary of the US Embassy Richard Welsh was killed, and in fact the CIA resident in Greece. He was shot dead by three young men who acted coolly and confidently: they were killed in broad daylight, in front of the wife of an American and his chauffeur. Responsibility for the crime assumed before this unknown terrorist group "17 November."

The very name of the terrorist group is symbolic: November 17 is the date of the dramatic anti-dictatorial uprising of students of the Athens Polytechnic Institute and its cruel suppression by the junta, from which, in fact, began its fall.

Since then, for a quarter of a century, terrorists from “17 November” have already killed 23 people in Greece - mostly diplomatic spies. The loudest assassinations are the murder of the captain of the US Navy George Tsantses, heads of a group of American military advisers. Then from remote-controlled bombs killed the naval attache of the US Embassy, ​​William Nordin. He was not helped by an armored limousine; in such vehicles, workers from the American embassy and the military began to travel to Athens in Athens. Since then, the headquarters of the CIA in Langley Greece is considered a hot spot on a par with Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

For a quarter of a century, none of the terrorists who killed American spies was caught. Therefore, the columnist "AN" asked Lieutenant Colonel Khristoforov:

- And how can you explain such a strange elusiveness of "17 November"?

The old scout grinned:

- For a long time, the teachers declared that there were powerful behind this secret organization KGB and Stasi. But these offices are long gone, and Western spies still consider Greece to be hell. In my opinion, closer to the truth George Kassimeris, author of the book The Last Red Terrorists of Europe, dedicated to "17 November". In his opinion, this group cannot be discovered primarily because of the weakness of the Greek police and special services, who do not have any proper training, no means, no discipline. Better, he suggests, it would generally dissolve the current Greek secret service and in its place create a completely new organization. However, now this in Greece do not want neither the right nor the left. Due to the acute financial crisis, there is a catastrophic lack of money.

Drink champagne early

Alexander Georgievich said that the Greek special services themselves and to this day would hardly have found the terrorists from “17 November”. But Western intelligence helped. At the beginning of the 2000's at the hands of the Greek ultraleft British military attache Stephen Sanders, an ICU resident, was killed. Special services of the Great Britain were directly connected to the investigation. In several traces established by criminalists, compared with the materials of British intelligence, they managed to reach the Greek terrorists. In the dock in the case of the organization "17 November" was about one and a half hundred people. The trial was held behind closed doors, under the strictest secrecy. The defendants received long prison sentences. West celebrated victory. At receptions in the western embassies, spies drank champagne. But the joy of American and British agents was short-lived. As if in a mockery of them in 2003, a number of extremist actions were carried out by an organization that identified itself as "The revolutionary struggle". Experts believe that it originated on the wreckage of "17 November" and is its direct heir.

So everything is back to square one. The new terrorist structure is now almost as invulnerable as the “November Christians” were. They say she has strong ties with all the enemies of America, including Al Qaeda.

“You were told about such horrors about spies that some people now would not risk going to Greece!” - Browser "AN" put an empty cup on the table. - Why do you go to Athens regularly?

- I love this ancient city. And in Greece, everything is there, even the threat of terrorism. - Lt. Col. Christopher took the last sip of coffee. “But where is it completely safe now?”
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2 comments
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  1. Yuras222
    Yuras222 31 May 2013 16: 00 New
    10
    Well done Greeks, that's what Orthodox co-religionists mean.
    1. UFO
      UFO 31 May 2013 16: 29 New
      0
      Now in Geyropa the buggers rule, the Greeks are unlikely to remain aloof from this process, what will happen next? Against the background of fin. Greece’s problems can be forced to do anything, including in politics. sad
      1. Yuras222
        Yuras222 31 May 2013 16: 38 New
        +4
        They didn’t let the juveniles into their possession, moreover, the church was the main adversary, even gay people are not even talking about it.
    2. Joker
      Joker 31 May 2013 17: 23 New
      +5
      I have been to Greece several times, a very beautiful country and many historical monuments, for excursions it’s just paradise and the people are not bad.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 31 May 2013 19: 35 New
        +3
        Quote: Joker
        a very beautiful country and many historical monuments, for excursions it’s just paradise and the people are not bad.


        They drink coffee, smoke and dance, work (productively) horseradish whom you make
  2. Logician
    Logician 31 May 2013 16: 34 New
    +2
    it doesn’t mean anything ... emptiness and wind are everywhere .... but behind this emptiness there is a ghost of future serious intersections ...
  3. Gari
    Gari 31 May 2013 16: 55 New
    +7
    As if to mock them in 2003, a number of extremist actions were carried out by an organization that identified itself as “revolutionary struggle”. Experts believe that she arose on the wreckage of "November 17" and is her direct successor

    And why do you regularly travel to Athens?

    - I love this ancient city. But in Greece there is everything, even the threat of terrorism. - The last sip of coffee was made by the lieutenant colonel Hristoforov. “But where is it completely safe now?” An interesting answer from Alexander Georgievich Khristoforov, a veteran of Soviet and Russian intelligence.
    Health and success to you!
  4. ded10041948
    ded10041948 31 May 2013 17: 11 New
    +3
    Hmm! As the saying goes: "Greece has everything!"
  5. FC SKIF
    FC SKIF 31 May 2013 17: 11 New
    +3
    I think that there was, and certainly remains, not a small interest in Western intelligence services because of their particularly warm relations with Russia. due to the opposition of the natural Russian - Greek union.
  6. knn54
    knn54 31 May 2013 17: 14 New
    +5
    -But now, neither the right nor the left want this in Greece.
    ALL of them are interested in the special services being weak and fragmented.
    The sad experience of the dictatorship of the "black colonels" who seized power in Greece in 1967 during a military coup showed that the presence of strong special services in a small country is dangerous for democracy. Therefore, it is better terrorism "in small doses" than the eternal threat of a military putsch ...
    PS "November 17", ... a typical Marxist-Leninist grouping with a wide circle of sympathizers in the highest strata of Greek society. / New-York Times /
    PPS Greece has not forgotten what the “British Liberators” did during World War II.
  7. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 17: 25 New
    -2
    Greeks, etc. in politics mean nothing .. sea tourism girls .. and that's it .. (they were wars in ancient history .. now bring away take away cups of coffee ..)))
  8. pensioner
    pensioner 31 May 2013 18: 16 New
    +6
    First Secretary of the US Embassy Richard Welsh was killed, and in fact the CIA resident in Greece.
    assassination of US Navy captain George Tsantes, head of a group of US military advisers.
    British military attache Stephen Sanders, an ICU resident, was killed.

    Something I like their choice ... (God forgive me!)
  9. individual
    individual 31 May 2013 18: 32 New
    +1
    Quote:
    "In the wall of the embassy building adjacent to the hotel on all three floors with access to the workrooms, the office premises, the KGB technical intelligence specialists revealed hidden holes leading to the microphones embedded in the wall. Next, an incident occurred: our scouts began to pull the equipment by the wires, and their spies on the other hand, they pulled them towards us. But our employees turned out to be stronger. They got a lot of trophies. "

    An interesting fact from the work of intelligence.
    - Like small children in a sandbox.
  10. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 31 May 2013 18: 43 New
    +2
    We must not forget that modern terrorism is a legacy of the Cold War when the USSR and the United States created a bunch of terrorist organizations to fight against a political regime that was undesirable to one side or another, including in Greece. With the disappearance of the USSR and the socialist camp, both of them lost their ideological the background of their existence and turned into ordinary bandits and murderers. The beaten example of Al Qaeda was originally created by the US CIA to fight Soviet troops in Afghanistan with the subsequent transfer of the fight to Soviet territory. Over time, they seized the throat of their American "masters."
    1. zart_arn
      zart_arn 31 May 2013 19: 18 New
      +3
      Quote: Standard Oil
      Do not forget that modern terrorism is the legacy of the Cold War when the USSR and the USA

      Not entirely true, although rightly noted. Terrorism has existed from time immemorial - "tit for tooth, eye for eye".
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 31 May 2013 19: 46 New
        +3
        Quote: zart_arn
        Terrorism has existed for centuries -


        yes, assassins, sicaria, Narodnaya Volya ....
  11. Sergey S.
    Sergey S. 31 May 2013 19: 48 New
    +2
    Terrorism has nothing to do with the confrontation between the USSR and the USA.
    Then there were certain rules - no one wanted to be caught in the murder.
    Of course, everything could be subtle.
    A strong and advanced state is always against terror, for terror is the tactics of the weak and offended.

    Only without digging into the possibility of victory can one go on desperate actions with the death of people not involved in political decisions.
  12. Rezun
    Rezun 31 May 2013 20: 04 New
    +1
    No wonder the former head of the GDR special services Stasi Markus Wolf called Greece "a haven for spies."

    One of many who WE betrayed ...
    http://www.warandpeace.ru/ru/news/view/72306/
    1. Suhov
      Suhov 31 May 2013 23: 13 New
      0
      Quote: Rezun
      One of many whom we betrayed ...

      "You are good guys, guys.
      We know that you have had successes that you deserve to be proud of.
      Even your defeats demonstrated the power of your intelligence.
      But time will pass and you gasp, if it is declassified, what kind of agents the CIA and the State Department had upstairs. "

      From a conversation with an American intelligence officer ...
      what
  13. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 20: 15 New
    0
    Terrorism has been grown and financed back in the days of the USSR (against us ..) has now gotten out of control .. those who financed and taught them ... they .. they now require big money ..... or do not require just fighting .. .for faith ... (and then xmj hammered them .. the most dangerous ..)
  14. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 20: 23 New
    0
    Quote: Yuras222
    Well done Greeks, that's what Orthodox co-religionists mean.

    At the expense of the fellows I'm not sure .. they are cunning .. and there are few Orthodox ....
    1. kostas
      kostas 31 May 2013 20: 54 New
      +2
      In Greece, 95% of the population is Orthodox, there are Catholics, Muslims and others. You don’t know us, so don’t write nonsense, don’t make people laugh and check your medicines for shelf life.
  15. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 21: 41 New
    -2
    Quote: kostas
    In Grecie 95% of the population are Orthodox,

    A very interesting fact .. I did not know ... Where were they "Orthodox" were when our Churches were blown up in Serbia .. ??? or now they remembered when a loan (without return) can be taken from Russia .. (like Africans before) we are Orthodox we are building socialism .. give a couple of billions .... heh heh ..
    1. tungus-meteorit
      tungus-meteorit 1 June 2013 03: 11 New
      0
      If you don’t know, then why write such nonsense? Greece and the Greeks opposed the bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, unlike, for example, some Slavs: Bulgarians, Poles, Czechs, Croats, Slovenes, Bosnians and Ukrainians. Greek volunteers fought against Muslims in Bosnia and Kosovo.
  16. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 21: 50 New
    -2
    I feel like Israel will soon say that 50% of the Orthodox are in their country .. in the country .. That's how we live ...))))
  17. kostas
    kostas 31 May 2013 22: 10 New
    +2
    However, a persistent and touchy guy, and where were you when your so-called churches in Serbia were being destroyed. Our partners in the European Union give high-interest loans and earn good money, the income of Germany and their satellites currently exceeded 30 billion euros, Russia thank God also does not participate in this process.
  18. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 22: 28 New
    -2
    Quote: kostas
    However, a persistent and touchy guy, and where were you when your so-called churches in Serbia were being destroyed. Our partners in the European Union give high-interest loans and earn good money, the income of Germany and their satellites currently exceeded 30 billion euros, Russia thank God also does not participate in this process.

    You are not Orthodox .. (% loan partners income ..) You gobble up each other with these percentages .. gay parades .. slots .. Just don’t have to stick to us .. we really like ourselves as usual .. get out ..
    1. tungus-meteorit
      tungus-meteorit 1 June 2013 03: 15 New
      0
      You are rude to people here, showing your lack of culture to everyone around. Orthodoxy (Orthodox) You never knew to reason who is Orthodox and who is not.
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. kostas
    kostas 31 May 2013 22: 53 New
    +1
    Everything, the diagnosis will be made by others.
  21. Suhov
    Suhov 31 May 2013 23: 07 New
    +2
    Lt. Col. Khristoforov even retired peculiar sense of humor.

    In topic:
    When you sleep, what is on your pillow? Head. Well, there should be legs, this is the most important part of your body.

    A joke of a surveillance officer.
  22. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 23: 10 New
    0
    Quote: kostas
    Everything, the diagnosis will be made by others.

    Offended ??? .. it happens .. !!! Sorry to liberalize the time is not it ..
  23. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 31 May 2013 23: 21 New
    +2
    Quote: Sukhov
    Lt. Col. Khristoforov even retired peculiar sense of humor.

    In topic:
    When you sleep, what is on your pillow? Head. Well, there should be legs, this is the most important part of your body.

    A joke of a surveillance officer.

    laughing
  24. MG42
    MG42 31 May 2013 23: 34 New
    +1
    The high-profile attacks in Boston, London and Paris alarmed many Russians traveling abroad. On the eve of the season of mass vacations, the security question at the resorts was especially acute. A recent attempt at the murder by a Dutch animator of a Russian boy resting in Greek Crete excited tourists. Should I go to Greece?

    Russian tourists themselves export dollars and euros from their country, investing in Europe, which makes it difficult to relax on the Black Sea, do not want to have Crimea in Sochi ... well, the Orthodox Greeks, but when the Turks are financed in this way ..
  25. pupkin70
    pupkin70 31 May 2013 23: 38 New
    0
    As a Russian, I’m only in Greece and I’m relaxing ........... We went to jo ... at the Muslim resorts, where we (Russians) sincerely hate. And in Greece, I, my family, a child feel completely safe ........ I am there at home !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!
  26. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 1 June 2013 07: 05 New
    +1
    In Russia you need to relax .. I remember (thanks to parents and the state) traveled from Batumi to Sochi the entire coastal zone (there were beautiful places) ... Belarus Ukraine .. Baltic States (traveled with class) Through Siberia by train (a week went) to Angarsk .. Beauty is the indescribable expanse and power of the Country (the feeling cannot be conveyed) Now the bulk of the population does not go anywhere to rest alas ..