Military Review

25 years ago, the first rocket regiment "Topol" with a mobile command post "Granit" took up combat duty

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25 years ago, the first rocket regiment "Topol" with a mobile command post "Granit" took up combat duty

25 years ago - 27 of May 1988 of the year - in the Irkutsk missile compound, the first missile regiment with the Topol missile system and the improved Granit command center began to take up combat duty.


Development of the Topol PGRK with a three-stage monoblock intercontinental rocket RT-2PM began in the 1976 year. Flight tests at the Plesetsk test site were conducted in 1982 - 1988.

The PGRK was put on combat duty in four stages: with the stationary command post (KP) of the 23 missile regiment of July 1985 (near Yoshkar-Oloy); with mobile - 28 April 1987 (under Nizhny Tagil); with advanced mobile - 27 May 1988 (near Irkutsk); with the automated battle control system of the new generation - 30 December 1988 (near Teikovo).

Mobile CP is a command post mounted on the basis of special soil machines (command and control, communications, combat duty support). Mobile command posts in the Strategic Missile Forces provide control of combat missile complexes at field positions and on the march and have high mobility, secrecy of operation and the possibility of long-term operation in field conditions regardless of the season. The rocket launch can be carried out from field positions, from any point of the combat patrol route, and from the garage-type special structures with a retractable roof, which are located at the combat starting positions (at points of permanent deployment)

The Topol missile system is the most popular mobile-based missile system. The maximum number of missiles of this complex on alert was 386. Despite the gradual withdrawal of missiles from service after the expiration of their operational life, currently the Topol missile system continues to form the basis of the mobile grouping of the Strategic Missile Forces.
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  1. Tarpon
    Tarpon 27 May 2013 15: 13
    15
    Thanks to "Topoli" for the peaceful sky overhead!
    1. ShturmKGB
      ShturmKGB 27 May 2013 18: 06
      +2
      Give me more "Poplar" and "Yars"!
  2. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 27 May 2013 15: 14
    17
    These things are protecting Russia so far .. (thanks to our scientists and designers of the old school) ..
    1. Ducksar
      Ducksar 27 May 2013 19: 31
      +1
      And we wish you strength, confidence in the future, ambitious ideas and plans, as well as great love for young designers to the Motherland! Otherwise ... everybody understands
  3. sergey261180
    sergey261180 27 May 2013 15: 20
    16
    In parallel with poplars, it is necessary to develop anti-satellite weapons. Satellites are the main threat to our strategic nuclear forces.
    1. Nitup
      Nitup 27 May 2013 15: 30
      +4
      S-500 will be the most for satellites.
      1. sergey261180
        sergey261180 27 May 2013 16: 18
        0
        at 4000 km finish?
        1. Nitup
          Nitup 27 May 2013 16: 23
          +4
          low orbit will be demolished, but for those higher there is another weapon
  4. Suhov
    Suhov 27 May 2013 15: 23
    +7
    A bullet is a fool, a bayonet is well done, but Poplar is a fool all 3,14 **** and think scary!
  5. Manager
    Manager 27 May 2013 15: 33
    +5
    What does the homeland begin with? With Topol! If not for them, who knows, could we cool the hot heads of enemies?
    1. sergaivenski
      sergaivenski 27 May 2013 20: 05
      0
      Our Russian guys always knew how to do !!! Who was the first to make a bomb and test right there
      on the enemy? Our Russian sailors in the besieged Port Arthur did the bombing and launched
      from the walls of the fortress to the heads of the Japanese !!! Who was the first to make rockets and tested
      are they again in the Japanese? Our Russian guys were the first to launch rockets and used them, sending Japanese soldiers from planes onto the heads of Hassan Lake
      (near Vladivostok).
  6. Jnj
    Jnj 27 May 2013 15: 47
    +5
    Our nuclear shield! Our pride! It is not known what would have happened if not for them!
    1. sergey261180
      sergey261180 27 May 2013 16: 19
      +8
      It is known. As in Iraq, Libya or Yugoslavia.
  7. Tarpon
    Tarpon 27 May 2013 15: 49
    +2
    Surprise for overseas hawks:
    The world has waryly subsided. Russia has created a new ground-based ballistic missile Skif. She will serve, hiding in standby mode somewhere on the bottom of the sea-ocean, ready to hit any land or sea target on command. Tests of the new rocket will begin this summer on the White Sea.
  8. Yozhas
    Yozhas 27 May 2013 15: 53
    +5
    As I saw a photo of Poplar unfolding into a fighting position - with a postscript: Rises to NATO !!!! wink
    1. mogus
      mogus 27 May 2013 17: 12
      +4
      I unload from the smartphone, but in the original quality. Must be clickable.
      1. Colonel
        Colonel 27 May 2013 20: 22
        +3
        Not only gets up, but ends repeat Sorry, the video didn’t work out
  9. seller trucks
    seller trucks 27 May 2013 16: 09
    +9
    By the way, another memorable date is coming soon: from June 1 on 1988, the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Short Range Missiles (INF) was entered into force under the INF Treaty, the USA destroyed 859 missiles, the USSR - 1836.
    With the "light hand" of the traitor Gorbachev, it was removed from service and destroyed: Oka (OTR-23, GRAU index 9K714, according to NATO classification SS-23 Spider (English spider)) - Soviet operational-tactical missile system developed by the Kolomna Machine Building Design Bureau under the leadership of Sergei Pavlovich Invincible

    Main characteristics
    Missile complex 'Oka'
    Year of Adoption 1980
    Developer of engineering design bureau in Kolomna
    Manufacturer Votkinsk Engineering Plant
    Rocket 9M714К / 9М714Б
    Number of steps, pcs 1
    Maximum diameter, m 0.970
    Length, m 7,516 / 7,315
    Rocket launch weight, kg 4630 / 4400
    The weight of the warhead, kg 715 / 375
    Firing Range, km 50-400
    Maximum trajectory height, km 120
    Firing accuracy (KVO), km 0,035
    Maximum speed 10М (at the final stage of the warhead flight) [4]
    9P714 Launcher / 9T230 Transport and Charging Machine
    Weight kg 29100 / 29985
    Length, m 11,760 / 11,800
    Width, m 3.130 / 3.000
    Height, m ​​3.000
    Wheel formula 8x8
    Speed ​​on land, km / h 65
    Speed ​​afloat, km / h 8-10
    Power reserve, km 700
    Engine power UTD-25, hp 400

    At that time, the Americans and the world did not have anything like it.
    1. avt
      avt 27 May 2013 16: 22
      +8
      Quote: seller trucks
      By the way, another memorable date is coming soon: from June 1 on 1988, the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Short Range Missiles (INF) was entered into force under the INF Treaty, the USA destroyed 859 missiles, the USSR - 1836.
      With the "light hand" of the traitor Gorbachev, it was removed from service and destroyed: Oka (OTR-23, GRAU index 9K714

      Moreover, it did not fall under the contract! It was a “gift” by Judas Gorbachev, they stupidly blew up the rockets and destroyed the transporters!
    2. evfrat
      evfrat 28 May 2013 01: 02
      +2
      The striped hunchbacks painted a terrible picture of the civil war after the collapse of the USSR (which he already perceived as something inevitable) with the use of Oka, etc. OTRK by various overly patriotic commanders. From fear, he poured manure and ordered them to be taken out of the republics to the RSFSR where he drank it. Like so?..
  10. shamil
    shamil 27 May 2013 16: 23
    +1
    mobile soil missile system a strong argument !!!
    And the railway complex was removed from duty ....
    1. Ezhaak
      Ezhaak 28 May 2013 09: 43
      0
      Quote: shamil
      And the railway complex was removed from duty

      Concrete talks have long been going on about the beginning of the development of a new version of the complex for another racket. It will be built. It only takes time. And money.
  11. kobussubok
    kobussubok 27 May 2013 16: 33
    +3
    Yes, the railway would be nice to revive! This is a good, good headache for amers ...!
  12. fisherman
    fisherman 27 May 2013 16: 56
    12
    so dreams come true
    1. pahom54
      pahom54 27 May 2013 17: 16
      +5
      On time and to the place. When he served in the Strategic Rocket Forces, he was proud of it. I am proud now. It is a pity that our BZHRK collapsed, because the amers were really afraid of them.
  13. nikolas 83
    nikolas 83 27 May 2013 17: 55
    +2
    The article was that the BZHRK are going to revive. I hope this is true. soldier
    1. shamil
      shamil 27 May 2013 19: 26
      0
      only in my opinion it’s completely different: a 12-meter railway or sea container, it has 2 ballet missiles in a container, the complex is completely autonomous. They can be moved around the world on anything: wagons, bulk carriers, road trains cannot be tracked. The countries of South America are centered. But why declassified?
  14. escobar
    escobar 27 May 2013 18: 22
    +4
    He looked at the complex in green and nastalgia captured. He also served in the Strategic Rocket Forces, only on the pioneers who slaughtered Gorbaty with amers, and the zuchars trampled such beauty.
    1. Colonel
      Colonel 27 May 2013 20: 31
      +1
      When the Americans came to our division to inspect the compliance with the treaty, they were accompanied by our guys from the General Staff of the Strategic Missile Forces. And they (our guys) told how they cut pioneers and Pershing. Initially "cut" by launch. For three hundred launches of pioneers, one refusal. Pershing has three failures for ten launches. After that, they began to blow up the pioneers, and cut the Pershing.
      1. Valboro
        Valboro 27 May 2013 22: 29
        +3
        In the 90s, he spoke many times with an American who was a translator in the launch tracking group in Kapyar. He participated in 63 launches. The complexes came by piece of iron, they themselves moved down and went to the launch sites. Most of all, the Americans were shocked by the fact that launches were carried out by combat units and the level of automation. Moreover, they were specialists, Mike himself served at Pershing. There, as he said, in preparing a lot of manual work. Mike also said that in the evening they came back and drank cool: they did not wait for such a technical level. And imagine, he felt sorry for such a technique. They are also military, but we have a common respect for technology. By the way, on the accuracy of launches - not everyone was on target, but the Americans were not told about this
  15. fatty
    fatty 27 May 2013 19: 27
    +2
    if only there would be a mysterious Scythian, take it into service! Russophobes, your number is the square root of the decimal fraction.
  16. Gwa
    Gwa 27 May 2013 19: 58
    +5
    I remember with great pleasure the time of the performance at the Topol DB in Yoshkar-Ola. It was a time of really real combat work, hard, difficult, but interesting and necessary.
  17. vlbelugin
    vlbelugin 27 May 2013 20: 59
    +1
    Once we were trotters. 1989-1994 - commander of the PKP (Topol) Belarus. Plesetsk March-July 1989. Maybe someone crossed paths?
  18. individual
    individual 27 May 2013 21: 58
    +2
    D.O. Rogozin, leaving the post of Russia's representative to NATO, said goodbye to NATO headquarters and planted poplars in Brussels, explaining that "They belong to NATO."

    If that territory is marked for landing SS-X-27 Topol-M2.
  19. andr327
    andr327 27 May 2013 22: 27
    +4
    How many people tried to ban us, but somehow they didn’t convincingly succeed in removing the Oka - Iskander came, they killed Pioneer - admire Poplar ...
  20. shamil
    shamil 28 May 2013 06: 24
    +1
    would Satan be replaced or is there already some kind of launch vehicle?
  21. Denis
    Denis 28 May 2013 06: 40
    +4
    weighty argument
    HOLIDAY, BORDERS!