The results of scientific research, which are sometimes quite remotely related to the army, can in the coming 20 years have a significant impact on the appearance of weapons systems, the nature and content of military operations.
The mechanism of the influence of science on the development of weapons, military and special equipment (VVST) has two main components - ontological and epistemological, which implies the resolution of fundamental and applied problems.
The former are significant for the development of science as a whole or for several of its branches. In the absolute majority of cases, fundamental solutions have an impact on the development of basic military technologies through new methods of eliminating existing or newly emerging application problems.
The second are significant for individual applied areas of science. As a rule, their resolution has a direct impact on the development of basic military technologies.
The entire list of existing problems of science is quite large and cannot be considered in the framework of one article. Therefore, we will dwell only on those who are able to exert in the long term a significant impact on the development of VVST.
Unified field theory
One of the problems is the development of a unified field theory. It is likely to receive its permission only in the long term, and, accordingly, its influence on the development of the VVST will be felt only in the distant future. For military affairs, this will have a double meaning.
On the one hand, with sufficient prognostic capabilities of such a theory, in addition to the disclosure and mathematical description of all four known interactions (gravitational, electromagnetic, strong and weak), a method of identifying other types of interaction of matter and experimental verification of their existence should appear within its framework. This will provide new opportunities for the creation of qualitatively different systems of VVST based on the use of these fields and the effects of their mutual influence.
On the other hand, such a theory will probably allow explaining a sufficiently large class of phenomena that are united today under the name “paranormal”. The vast majority of them - this is an unconfirmed fiction of the near-scientific swindler. However, there is already sufficient statistics of strictly scientifically recorded phenomena of this kind (in particular, extrasensory perception and clairvoyance), which does not allow one to just brush them off and needs to be explained.
The disclosure of the mechanisms for the occurrence of such phenomena and their formalized description will reveal the qualitatively new possibilities of warfare, primarily in the information sphere, as well as in technologies of mind control. Most scientists who do not deny the existence of such phenomena agree that they should be based on new types of fields that are still unknown to science. It is quite possible to admit their discovery, if we consider that humanity entered the 20th century with two types of fields - gravitational and electromagnetic, and it came out with four, adding strong and weak interaction. In addition, it should be remembered that we still know too little about our world to simply brush off phenomena that do not fit into today's view of it, let’s not forget the fate of genetics, cybernetics and geopolitics.
At the moment, there is no unified field theory yet. The work on its creation is carried out in two main areas, the ideological basis of which was created at the beginning of the XX century.
The first of them is based on quantum concepts that describe all types of fields, according to which the mechanism of their origin is the exchange of special virtual particles (for example, for an electromagnetic field, these are photons). In the framework of the Standard Model based on the quantum approach, it was possible to obtain a satisfactory description of the known four field interactions. Detection of the Higgs boson confirmed the correctness of this theory. However, perfectly describing these processes, the quantum approach does not allow to move further - theoretically predict new probable types of interactions. It is impossible to find within this theory a satisfactory explanation of a number of effects of the microworld, in particular teleportation of the state of microparticles (although a formal mathematical description of this phenomenon exists within the framework of the Standard Model). That is, it does not have sufficient prognostic potential.
The second approach is based on geometric concepts that follow from the concept of the formation of a gravitational field as a manifestation of the curvature of space in Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Here, attempts to form a unified field theory by introducing additional dimensions of space (the Weyl-Kaluza concept), the curvature of which leads to the emergence of electromagnetic and other fundamental fields, until they succeed.
The currently intensively developed superstring theory (related to the geometric approach rather than the quantum approach) should potentially give a deeper description of the phenomena of the microworld and can actually become a unified field theory. However, the results that could be tested experimentally, the developers of this theory have not yet received.
Therefore, modern physics is looking for signs of other effects that can give impetus to the development of theoretical ideas about the microworld, increasing the power of experimental facilities (in particular, by creating the Large Hadron Collider).
Despite the exceptional complexity of the task of building a unified field theory, it can be expected that in the next two to three decades it will be formulated. The key to success are the achievements of modern mathematics and cybernetics.
Such a theory will make a revolution in military affairs, similar to that which occurred as a result of the creation of a quantum theory, which eventually led to the development of atomic and thermonuclear weapons, the birth of nuclear energy, as well as to the entire spectrum of science and technology, which form the basis of today's progress - from microelectronics to microbiology.
Based on the use of other, now unknown types of energy, such types of weapons may appear, in comparison with which nuclear weapons will seem just a children's crackers.
Geophysics and climate formation
The most interesting applied methodological problem, which is significant for the future development of the VVST, is the development of methods to predict the development of geophysical and climate-forming processes under the influence of various destabilizing factors with accuracy, reliability and reliability that would enable the formation of the required geophysical or climatic processes in specified areas. the planets. Today, quite intensive studies are going in this direction, primarily in the USA.
The urgency of this problem for military affairs is due to the emergence of tools that make it possible to exert a sufficiently powerful influence on geophysics and the climate of the planet almost globally.
This is primarily known HAARP - a complex that can have a significant impact on the Earth’s ionosphere. It forms in it “ion clouds” in which plasma arises from the concentration of microwave energy from several powerful emitters. The warhead of a rocket or aircraft, once in such an area or in the areas adjacent to it, will be disabled. That is, HAARP was originally created as a missile defense complex.
However, in the course of its trial operation, it turned out that it is able to exert a certain influence on the geophysics of the Earth and weather formation over large areas. The ability of HAARP to influence weather is due to the fact that the states of the ionosphere and troposphere are highly dependent on each other. As a result, fluctuations in the ionosphere caused by the action of the complex inevitably lead to a change in weather conditions.
The physics of HAARP's impact on geophysical processes is based on the fact that, from the point of view of electromagnetism, the Earth is a giant spherical capacitor, in which the outer conductive envelope is represented by the ionosphere, and the inner conductive core is the earth's crust and magma, between which there is a dielectric - the lower layers with weak electrical conductivity the atmosphere. Quite intense oscillations of the ionosphere can lead to a response in the deep layers of the Earth in the form of oscillations of processes in magma. The consequence of this is the discharge of energy in the zones of geological tensions at the junctions of geological plates, which manifests itself in the form of earthquakes. The lack of any effective prediction of such consequences makes the use of HAARP almost unpredictable, which can, under certain conditions, lead to a catastrophe for the owners of this technique themselves.
At the same time, the development of a technology with respect to an accurate prediction of such consequences will turn HAARP into powerful geophysical and climatic weapons. Activities here are conducted in two main areas.
First, the creation of special complexes on the basis of supercomputers, which will allow simulating weather formation over large areas and geophysical processes, the consequences of which will be earthquakes in certain areas.
Secondly, the collection and systematization of statistical information about these phenomena in volumes sufficient to predict them.
The first of the applied ontological problems should be the creation of living beings with given properties based on genetic engineering methods. Significant military developments in this area are carried out in the direction of creating pathogenic bacteria and viruses with a highly differentiated ability on the basis of race. The challenge is that pathogens are dangerous only for a specific group of people, determined by race. Such work is currently underway in the United States. So far, the required level of “racial selectivity” has not been achieved. However, there is already some success - previously unknown pathogens have appeared, which are more dangerous for some races, but less dangerous for others. Examples include atypical pneumonia and avian flu.
The creation of compact generators of high-power microwave, optical and X-ray radiation is the main condition for the development of a whole family of high-performance radiation weapons. Work in this area has become a priority under the US missile defense program.
The targets of weapons using microwave radiation will be electronic systems of military facilities for various purposes, including aircraft.
Powerful coherent optical and X-ray generators made it possible to create a laser weapon. Its first samples have already been adopted by the US Navy.
In the future, they will become the main armament of space combat systems of the future, which will be capable of striking not only space, but also ground objects. But for this it is necessary to solve the problem of passing high-energy beams of electromagnetic energy of the optical and X-ray ranges through the atmosphere.
Heavy Duty Computers
Significant for military affairs will be the realization of the possibility of using the effect of teleportation of the state of quantum particles in promising electronic systems, primarily the creation of computers on this basis.
The essence of this effect is that if two or more microparticles with pronounced quantum properties were in the same system, and then it left and dispersed in space, then a change in the state of any one of them instantly leads to certain changes in the state of other particles from this group.
It is believed that the use of quantum teleportation will allow you to create relatively small-sized computers with gigantic performance, significantly exceeding even modern supercomputers.
This is due to the fact that one of the main factors limiting the speed of calculations today is the propagation speed of the electromagnetic field. The application of the teleportation effect of the state of quantum particles will remove this restriction.
Creation of such systems will revolutionize military cybernetics - the processing times of information in the automated control system will be reduced by orders of magnitude, the pace of military operations will increase, the quality of decision-making will increase significantly, the possibilities of robotization of the armed forces will increase through the use of more complex models that take into account more factors, and most importantly - there will be a qualitative leap in the level of intelligence, accuracy, reliability, reliability and efficiency of weapon and hardware control systems.
An important role in the development of weapons systems will be played by solving the problem of creating technical devices of a nanoscale with the required functionality and ability to reproduce itself.
In this area, the main difficulties stem from the fact that quantum effects have a decisive influence on the formation and behavior of nanoobjects, making these processes probabilistic. In essence, this is about creating extremely complex macromolecules that are focused on the performance of certain functions in specific conditions.
Many of these molecules, combined in conglomerates, can act as a medium of information storage and processing. Being among other molecular and atomic systems, they are able to act as both modifiers and destroyers of these structures.
Thus, it becomes possible to create qualitatively new weapon systems based on suspensions of nanorobots, capable of quickly destroying military targets, weapons and military equipment, and enemy manpower.
The appearance of suspension-based information processing and storage systems, which will be extremely resistant to various adverse effects, is not excluded.
Thus, the resolution of the above, as well as a number of other problems of fundamental and applied science, will lead in the next 20 years to the development of qualitatively new types of weapons that can have a significant impact on the nature of warfare.