Military Review

Barrels in the style of Paramilitary

9
The AR-15 assault rifle is the basic model of the Colt's Manufacturing Company Inc sample design model.



Rifle sports Colt Match Target HBAR (Heavy Barrel)


Weapon Paramilitary abroad are called civilian models, converted from combat rifle systems.

Conversion is relevant not only for the Russian defense industry, but also for foreign manufacturers of weapons! One of the objectives of the conversion is to “get rid” of obsolete weapons and military equipment (military hardware) or its surplus and, accordingly, return to the state budget at least some of the funds spent on their acquisition.

Of course, individual copies can be transferred to a museum or training centers, some are donated as part of helping poor countries, which increases the political capital of the donor country, and the lion's share is transferred to permanent storage sites (the so-called “stock for a rainy day”).

But these areas of using obsolete samples and surplus weapons do not give financial benefits to the state. It is most preferable to maximize their use in the national economy.

Of particular interest is the conversion of small arms, which today around the world is successfully converted into a sports and hunting. Civilian consumers are attracted by the reliability, compactness, multiplicity of charge, and the fact that they are not inferior in their qualities to combat analogues.

Taking into account the requirements of the market, foreign arms firms have organized the revision and production of small arms in accordance with the requirements for civilian products.

These samples received the name Paramilitary abroad - “paramilitary” and are widely distributed among foreign hunters.

Work on the creation of Paramilitary weapons by foreign firms are carried out in two main areas: the production of sporting and hunting samples, having the maximum level of unification with combat analogues, and the alteration of weapons removed from service for later use in hunting and sport.

The Mini-14 carbine is the basic model of the COO family of samples from Sturm, Ruger & Co. Inc


Carabiner Ruger Mini-Thirty


Today, such large arms firms as Colt, Ruger, Heckler & Koch, Springfield, Beretta, Mauser, Century Arms, Steyr Mannlicher, Voere and others are engaged in the production of Paramilitary weapons.

One of the oldest US firms - Colt's Manufacturing Co. Inc. (headquarters in Hartford, pc. Connecticut) was founded in the XIX century. and began its activity with the production of revolvers of its own design.

In 1911, she launched the production of the Colt mod pistol. 1911 chambered for .45ACP, and some time later launched the production of a whole family of rifles, Colt Coheer, Stagecoach carbines and a pneumatic smooth-bore rifle Standart Pump.

In 1959, the firm received a government order to manufacture an AR-15 rifle for the US Army, produced under the Colt М16 index, which served as the basis for the development and production of a number of civilian weapons models.

The company has created a sports rifle Colt Match Target HBAR (Heavy Barrel) in the standard version with 3,6 kg weight and lightweight - 3 kg weight for .223 Rem., 9 mm Para and 7,62X39 mm (Russian) cartridges. The second model is the Colt Sporter HBAR (Heavy Barrel) / Armalite 3,4 kg weighing .223 Rem., 9 mm Para and 7,62x39 mm.

When firing at a range of 91, the carbines provided the following accuracy settings. The shooting was carried out in five batches of five shots with PMC cartridges with a shell bullet of mass 7,9 g: Pmin. - 42,16 mm, Pmax. - 72,2 mm, Trans. - 57,66 mm. When firing ammunition firms PMC with a semi-bullet bullet with a soft head with a mass of 7,97 g: Pmin. - 41,65 mm, Pmax. - 64,5 mm, Trans. - 47,0 mm. When firing Samson cartridges with an 7,97 g shell bullet: Pmin. - 59,94 mm, Pmax. - 80,15 mm, Trans. - 65,28 mm.

Samples of sporting and hunting weapons based on the AR-15 assault rifle created by Colt differ from the base model by the used cartridge, the main parameters of the firing mechanism, the nature of firing (the possibility of automatic fire has been eliminated).

The automatics of these samples works due to removal of powder gases.

Ruger Mini-14 / 5R Ranch Carabiner


The barrel bore is locked to seven lugs of the rotary larva of the slider. Trigger fire trigger single fire. The sighting device of the open type consists of a front sight on a high base, adjustable vertically and horizontally. Sighting device allows you to make an amendment to the side wind.

The charging handle is located at the top, the safety bracket can be folded back to allow shooting in winter with gloves.

The butt is made of impact-resistant plastic and is located in line with the axis of the barrel, which has a positive effect on the accuracy of shooting.

Tactical and technical characteristics of weapons such as Paramilitary from the company Colt are presented in Table. 1.

Another major participant in the production of civilian weapons such as Paramilitary is the American arms firm Ruger (Sturm, Ruger & Co. Inc.), founded in 1948 by William Waterman Ruger and Alexander M. Sturman (Southport, Connecticut).

The first model of the new weapons company in the 1949 was a small-caliber pistol; and in 1959, a self-loading carbine chambered for .44 Mag appears. In 1967, the company launched a single-shot carbine. Then the rifle model 77 arr was created. 1968. In 1974, the company’s engineers developed a self-loading Mini-14 carbine chambered for .223 Rem. and then the company made the next logical step - it created another modification of the Mini-14 / 20GB carbine with a bayonet and a flame arrester. In 1992 based on the rifle model 77 arr. 1968 G. created rifle M77 Mark II.

1 table. TTH samples Paramilitary firms firm Colt (USA)

Basic Model

Assault rifle ar-xnumx

Sample name

Colt Match Target HBAR

Colt Sportier HBAR / Armalite

Colt Sportier Competition HBAR, mod.1

Colt Sportier Competition HBAR, mod.2

Colt Light Weight Sportier Rifle, mod.1

Colt Light Weight Sportier Rifle, mod.3

Characteristics

Firm-developer

Colt

Cartridge

.223 Rem. 9 mm Para 7,62x39 mm

.223 Rem. 9 mm Para 7,62x39 mm

.223 Rem.

.223 Rem.

.223 Rem.

9 mm Para

Effort of descent, N (kgf)

27 (2,7)

27 (2,7)

*

*

*

Initial speed of a bullet, m / s

676; 649,5; 679,4

*

«

*

*

*

Store type

Box-shaped detachable

Store capacity, patr.

5

5; 20; 30

5

5

5

5

Mass of weapons, kg

3,6

3,4

4,8

3,85

3,0

3,2

Length, mm

• weapons

• trunk

• sighting line

+991 510 502

+901 510 502

+990,6 508 502

+990,6 508 502

+876 406 375

+876 406 375

Price, USD

*

*

859,58

*



The M1 carabiner (M1A) is the basic model of the COO family of samples from Springfield Inc


At the end of 1980's an assault rifle is created that looks no different from the Mini-14 AC-556, which allows automatic fire and fire in fixed bursts. At the same time, the Mini-14 (Mini-30) carbine variant is created for the Soviet cartridge 7,62x39 mm.

50-year-old experience in designing small arms, acquired by Ruger / Sturm specialists and well-deserved recognition of the company's achievements in the global arms market, allowed specialists to start creating sporting and hunting weapons based on military weapons.

Using the Mini-14 as a base case, the company's specialists create a series of civilian carbines, including the Ruger Mini-14 / 5R Ranch chambered for .223 Rem., Ruger Mini-14 / 5R Ranch Stainless for the chambered XXUMUM Rem., Ruger Government Mini -Thirty chambered for 223x7,62 mm, Ruger Mini-Thirty Stainless for chambered 39x7,62 mm.

Carabiners of this series are intended mainly for farmers and self-defense. In practice, it is used for hunting small animals and birds. The weapon has a vapor system automation, often walnut bed. The sighting device is equipped with a knife-shaped front sight and is entirely adjustable vertically and horizontally. On rifles you can install an optical sight. The magazine has a capacity of five rounds. To protect the hand from burns when firing, the barrel has a plastic lining.

The company carried out firing tests of the Ruger Mini-Thirty carbine for the Remington cartridge 7,62x39 mm cartridges with Core-Loct bullets with a soft 8,1 g headpiece in three series of three shots at a distance of 50 yards (45,5 m), and the following value of the Per parameter was obtained. —50,8; 48,13; 30,48.

These carbines for sport and hunting differ from the combat design of the lodge with a half-pistol grip without a protrusion under the cheek made of American walnut wood, the main parameters of the barrel, receiver and bolt and the used cartridge.

2 table. TTH samples Paramilitary firms Ruger / Sturm (USA)

Basic Model

Mini-14 self-loading carbine

Sample name

Ruger Mini-14 / 5R Ranch

Ruger Mini-14 / 5R Ranch Stainless

Ruger Government Mini-14 / 20GB

Ruger Mini-Thirty

Ruger Mini-Thirty Stainless

Characteristics

Firm-developer

Sturm, Ruger Co. Inc.

Cartridge

.223 Rem.

.223 Rem.

.223 Rem.

7,62x39 mm

7,62x39 mm

Effort of descent, N (kgf)

27 (2,7)

27 (2,7)

27 (2,7)

27 (2,7)

27 (2,7)

Initial speed of a bullet, m / s

*

*

*

713

713

Store type

Box-shaped detachable

Store capacity, patr.

5; 20; 30

5; 20; 30

5; 20; 30

5

5

Mass of weapons, kg

3,0

3,0

3,1

3,1

3,1

Length, mm

• weapons

• trunk

943 470

943 470

943 470

943 470

943 470

Price, USD

*

*

-

580

*



Hunting rifle Springfield M1A-A1


In the production of this type of weapon, Ruger / Sturm uses high quality American walnut wood, plastic, steel, including stainless steel.

Characteristics of Ruger / Sturm carbines are presented in table. 2.

Springfield Inc. occupies a significant place in the Paramilitary weapons market. (USA), which created on the basis of the Springfield MXNUMA battle rifle a number of civilian samples.

The Springfield Armory State Arms Factory was founded in 1777 and for the period from its inception to the present, has produced a huge number of weapons. After 190 years (1968) after the founding of the plant, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara closes this plant. Until 1971, the company is inactive, and in 1971, a certain Texan buys the plant, its brand and its patents; but this attempt to revive production failed. Only in 1974, businessman Robert Reed and his three sons buy a factory that comes to life under their leadership. In 1992, the Springfield Armory factory was renamed Springfield Inc.

The plant produced a rifle arr. 1878 g. Mod. Trapdoor, Springfield mod. M1903, M1A series, the civilian version of the M14 rifle, M1A National Match rifles chambered for .308 Win. ., .22 Win. and .410 Win., Beretta WM-1 rifles chambered for .30 Win., FN-FAL chambered for .06 Win. and Colt Government based pistols.

The base model for Paramilitary type samples at the Springfield plant became the M1A carbine chambered for .308 Win.

The M1 carabiner was developed by Winchester for the .30 cartridge, the M1A was later created for the .308 Win cartridge.

3 table. TTH samples Paramilitary firms Springfield Inc. (USA)

Basic Model

Springfield МХNUMXА

Sample name

Springfield M1A Rush

Springfield M1A Rush Synthetic

Springfield M1A National Match

Springfield M1A National Match Government

Springfield M1A-A1

Characteristics

Firm-developer

Springfield Inc.

Cartridge

.308 Win.

.308 Win.

.308 Win.

.308 Win.

.243 7 mm .308 Win.

Effort of descent, N (kgf)

24,9 (2,49)

24,9 (2,49)

24,9 (2,49)

24,9 (2,49)

24,9 (2,49)

Initial speed of a bullet, m / s

*

*

Щ

*

Store type

Box-shaped detachable

Store capacity, patr.

5; 20; 30

5; 20; 30

5; 20; 30

5; 10; 20

5; 10; 20

Mass of weapons, kg

4,0

4,0

4,5

4,5

4,0

Length, mm

• weapons

• trunk

1029 457

1029 457

1126 559

1126 559

1048 527

Price, USD

1069

1069

*

*

1069



FN FAL assault rifle company FN (Belgium) - the basic model of the family of samples COO company Century Inc. I arms


The highlight of the MXNUMHA carbine is a reloading system based on the use of a special cartridge, which is intermediate in power between the pistol and rifle cartridges. When firing, the powder gases through the hole in the lower part of the barrel (the muzzle) enter the gas discharge tube and act on the piston, which transfers the force to the mechanisms for unlocking the bolt, removing the liner, compressing the return spring, gripping and discharging the cartridge and locking the barrel.

Shop box detachable. The front sight and military purpose. Rear sight with micrometric adjustment horizontally and vertically. The butt with a pistol grip and forearm is made of black plastic, a notch is applied on the forearm and grip. There is a rubber damping pad.

The main difference between the M1 carbine and the M1 is the presence of a folding stock.

Currently, M1 and M1A rifles are decommissioned; the main reason is the cessation of production of the intermediate cartridge.

On the basis of the M1 and M1A rifles, Springfield Inc. developed a family of sporting and hunting weapons: Springfield M1A Rush, Springfield M1A Rush Synthetic, Springfield M1A National Match and Springfield M1A National Match Government.

The main differences between these samples and the combat were the parameters of the firing mechanism, the shape of the butt, the nature of the shooting and the cartridge used. Firing tests of civilian samples for a range of 50 yards with a series of five shots from a position with a folded butt gave the result of the P - 50,8 mm.

The performance characteristics of samples created on the basis of the M1А National Match karabiner from Springfield are presented in Table. 3.

Do not "offend" US firms when creating samples such as Paramilitary and foreign samples. These companies include Century Inc. I Arms, created on the basis of the Belgian rifle FN FAL chambered for 7,62x51 mm FAL sample Sporting Rifle chambered for .308 Win. and 7,62x51 mm.

The civilian design completely duplicates the FN FAL military weapons, with the exception that the FAL Sporting Rifle rifle can only be fired with single shots. The front sight and rear sight of a military sample with micrometric adjustment of the vertical and horizontal. The butt of a hunting type with a stylized pistol grip and a hole for the thumb of the hand is made of black plastic and is equipped with a shock-absorbing rubber butt plate and military-type fore end.

The main differences of the FAL Sporting Rifle rifle from the base are the parameters of the firing mechanism, the nature of the shooting, the shape of the butt and the cartridge used.

When carrying out firing tests for accuracy at a distance of 100 yards (91 m) with five series of 5 shots in each of the PMC cartridges with a shell bullet with a mass of 9,7 g, the following data were obtained: Pmin. - 89 mm, Pmak - 117,8 mm, Trans. - 106 mm; company Previ Partisan bullet with a soft head of the mass of 9,7 g:

Pmin. - 98,8 mm, Pmak - 136 mm, Trans. - 118 mm; Winchester company bullet Silvertip mass 9,7 g: Pmin. - 104 mm, Pmak - 147 mm, Trans. - 120 mm. For 5 5 series shots Per. is 114,8 mm.

The performance characteristics of the FAL Sporting Rifle sample are presented in Table. 4.

Despite the fact that the weapon market of the United States offers consumers a large range of hunting and sporting weapons, recently Paramilitary samples have become increasingly popular. The main reasons for the deployment of its production was, according to gunsmiths, reducing the financial costs of development and production, the possibility of bringing samples to the market at lower prices and the need to reduce army stocks of outdated small arms.

4 table. TTH sample FAL Sporting Rifle

Basic Model

FN FAL

Sample name

FAL Sporting Rifle

Characteristics

Firm-developer

Century Inc. 1 Arms

Cartridge

7,62x51 mm

Effort of descent, N (kgf)

45,36 (4,536)

Initial speed of a bullet, m / s

843,65 (PMC) 780,9 (Previ) 818,7 (Silver)

Store type

Box-shaped

Store capacity, patr.

20

Mass of weapons, kg

4,8

Length, mm

• weapons

• trunk

1048 527

Price, USD

499,87

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  1. the47th
    the47th 27 May 2013 09: 10 New
    +1
    Mini-14 was originally created as a civilian and police weapon. The same thing with Springfield M1A - this is a purely civilian weapon made on the basis of M14 automation, and not a civilian alteration of the rifle itself.
    1. Timeout
      Timeout 27 May 2013 10: 54 New
      0
      Let me correct, the Springfield M1A carbine is a replica of the M1 Carabine developed by Winchester, which was the standard armament of the US Army soldiers in World War II along with M1 Garand and Thompson and PP. Mini-14 is also an upgrade to the M14 low-pulse 5,56 cartridge. And M14 is a further development of the M1 Garand!
      1. the47th
        the47th 27 May 2013 12: 04 New
        0
        "The M1A is a civilian version of the M14 rifle designed and manufactured by Springfield Armory, Inc. in 1974. The term" M1A "is a proprietary title for Springfield Armory's M14 pattern rifle. Early M1A rifles were built with surplus GI parts until Springfield Armory, Inc. began manufacturing their own. "

        From the English Wikipedia.
        1. Timeout
          Timeout 27 May 2013 12: 44 New
          0
          Sorry, I missed the letter "A". Well, the Garand and the M14 were developed and produced at Springfield Armory.
        2. bazilio
          bazilio 27 May 2013 12: 54 New
          +1
          Quote: the47th
          "The M1A is a civilian version


          Here a little confusion went because of the designation M1
          M1 Garand, M1- carbine, M1- Abrams
          Therefore, confusion may arise.
  2. SIT
    SIT 27 May 2013 09: 49 New
    +1
    In the 1st photo, the basic model AR 15 is not at all. This is the M4 carbine. The accuracy data for him are not for his caliber. A bullet weighing 7g for .223 does not exist. The data in this caliber would be interesting.
  3. bazilio
    bazilio 27 May 2013 13: 00 New
    0
    In general, the idea of ​​conversion trunks is interesting and captivating. Especially when a barrel converted from a combat one falls into the hands. If a brief history of the barrel were added to the barrel kit, imagine that you would have the opportunity to purchase for example PPSh (albeit a bez-gun of automatic fire) which (the specific barrel you are buying) was used on the Kursk Bulge or during the storming of Berlin .
    1. Timeout
      Timeout 27 May 2013 13: 29 New
      +1
      Converses are generally a welcome booty for gun lovers. But the form usually writes the date of the factory repair, the type of repair made and the place where the weapon came from for repair. There are trunks that, according to the brand of the manufacturer, fought both with the Japanese and in the European company.
  4. wei
    wei 27 May 2013 16: 56 New
    +2
    From an economic point of view, the idea is great:
    + put storage and service on the population
    + getting paid for it
    + remove spending on training in use and maintenance (it is assumed that the person who bought the weapon does it for a reason, at least once a year and shoots well and, accordingly, cleans up about tuning lovers in general a separate topic)
    - a bit more control
    unfortunately, this is possible only in a state where people and power are united (at least not hostile)