Military Review

Hero of the Soviet Union Mehdi Huseynzade - Yugoslav and Italian partisans Mikhailo!

Mehdi Husein-zadeh was born on December 22 of 1918 in the village of Novkhany, Baku province, in the family of the future head of the Baku city militia, Ganif Huseyn-zade, who participated in the fight against banditry in Azerbaijan after establishing Soviet power. In 1936, he graduated from the Baku Art School, then studied at the Leningrad Institute of Foreign Languages, and in 1940, after returning to Baku, he continued his education at the Azerbaijan Lenin Pedagogical Institute! Mehti was a really comprehensively developed person!

Having lost his parents early, he, along with his sisters Pikya and Hurriet, was brought up by his aunt, his father's sister, Sanam Khanym.

Mehti was a mischievous child, and Aunt Sanam often punished him for his pranks, although she loved him very much. No one would have thought that in this child there is so much kindness, tenderness, devotion and love for neighbors.

When 24-year-old Baku resident Mehdi Huseynzade was sent from the Tbilisi military school to the Stalingrad front, he already had a premonition of an early death, which he wrote in a poem that he sent to his sisters in Baku in May 1942 of the year: how could he have known that after only a little more than two years this premonition is justified, and he himself will become a hero of three countries - the USSR, Yugoslavia and Italy ...

22 June 1941, fascist troops invaded the territory of the Soviet Union. Across the country, military units mobilized urgently. Young people every day, tens of thousands, voluntarily joined the Red Army. Mehdi Huseyn-zade did not avoid this fate. In August, 1941, he joined the army, where, after graduating from the military infantry school, he was given the rank of lieutenant and sent to the front, into the thick of it - at Stalingrad.

At the front, Mehdi Huseynzade demonstrates only his best qualities to his comrades. He bravely endures all the hardships and privations of military life. He is appointed commander of a mortar platoon, where, in spite of his 22 age, he becomes a real authority among his comrades, since he is always simple in communicating with them and easily finds a common language with almost every person.

A year after his entry into the Red Army, Mehdi Hussein-zadeh was seriously wounded. Seriously wounded, he was captured by the fascist troops and sent to Germany.

After recovery, in the city of Mirgorod, Poltava region, he was enrolled in the Wehrmacht Legion of Azerbaijan and sent to Germany. At the School of Translators near Berlin, 3 of the month studied German. After successfully completing the course in April, 1943 was sent to Strans to form the Wehrmacht's 162 Turkestan Division. He served in the department of 1-C (propaganda and counterintelligence) of the headquarters of the 314 regiment of this division. In September 1943, the 162-I Turkestan division was sent to Italy to suppress the partisan movement. While in Italy in the city of Trieste, he established contact with the Yugoslav partisans operating in the Slovenian Primorye Adriatic and, together with two other servicemen of the division, Azeris Javad Hakimli and Asad Kurbanov, escaped. and soon fought as part of the 9 of the Yugoslav-Italian partisan corps.

J. Hakimli created here the company "Ruska couple", and Mehdi became his deputy for political affairs and intelligence officer of the detachment. A little later, Mehdi was credited to the headquarters of the 9 Corps for the unique insolence of sabotage acts. Knowledge of the German language and order in the fascist army, which he had acquired earlier in the Legion, made it possible for Mehdi and his group to penetrate the German congregation sites and commit sabotage. Having received the nickname "Mikhailo", he led the sabotage group and became one of the largest partisans-saboteurs of the Second World War. Mehdi was fluent in English, Spanish, German, Russian, Turkish and French. Mikhailo also beautifully painted, played on the packaging and composed poetry, and also knew the deed of the engine and drove the car perfectly.

His first operation as a saboteur, Mikhailo, was conducted in the same city of Trieste in April 1944. In the cinema "Opchina", where all the local elite of the Wehrmacht assembled, he set up a time bomb. The bomb worked very accurately: after a powerful explosion, more than 80 were killed by the fascist officers and another 260 was seriously injured. But this "Mikhailo" did not stop.

A few days later, a local Wehrmacht soldier’s house was blown up. The blast killed and wounded more than 450 German soldiers. For the head of Mehdi Huseynzade, the fascist command for the first time appointed an award in the amount of 100 thousand Reichsmarks!

In the Italian fascist newspaper Il-Piccolo there was a note entitled "The terrorist attack on the" German soldier’s house ", which officially states:" Yesterday, on Saturday, the communist elements made a terrorist attempt on the "German soldier barracks" in Trieste, which cost life some German soldiers and some Italian citizens. "

At the end of April 1944, Mehdi and his comrades Hans Fritz and Ali Tagiyev blew up the bridge near Postaino railway station. As a result of this diversion, a German train of 24 cars crashed. A few days later, by decision of the partisan headquarters, Mikhailo executed the Gestapo officer N. Kartner.

In June, 1944, an explosion of officer casinos. The blast killed 150 and wounded 350 of the Nazis. The explosion of the military hotel "Deiche Ubernahtungheim" - 250 killed and wounded soldiers and officers.

Only in the first half of 1944, Germans lost more than 1000 people in the personnel from the activities of the Mikhailo sabotage group. The reward for the head of the partisan appointed by the occupation authorities has grown to 300 000 Reichsmarks.

Mehdi committed many diversions in German uniform. In September of the same year, Mehdi Huseynzade, in the form of a German technical service officer, penetrated an enemy’s airfield and detonated an 2 aircraft, 23 military garages and 25 vehicles with time bombs.

The following month, partisans under the command of Mikhailo organized a bold attack on the fascist local prison in the city of Udino (Northern Italy). Mehdi, in the form of a Wehrmacht officer, along with two partisans, who were also dressed in the form of German soldiers, accompanied by "prisoners", approached the gates of the German prison and demanded that the sentry open the gate. As soon as they were in prison, Huseyn-zadeh and his partisans disarmed the guards and opened the doors of all the cells, freeing 700 prisoners of war, including Soviet soldiers 147. The next day, the fascist radio broadcast that a three-thousand partisan division had allegedly attacked the prison. In a letter to sister Hurriet, still being at the front Mehti writes: “I don’t know whether I will stay alive or not, but I give you my word that you don’t have to give up because of me, and someday you will hear about me. If I die, I will die like a hero, death of the brave "

Over the head of Mehdi Husseinzade, the Germans established a fantastic reward in the amount of 400 thousand Reichsmarks, but Mehdi continued to remain elusive. On behalf of the command of the 9 Corps of the People’s Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, Hussein-Zade created and led a reconnaissance group of saboteurs at the headquarters of the 31 division to them. Gradnik.

Mehdi Husein-zadeh begins to carry out his sabotage right under the nose of the Germans. One day, dressed in Nazi military uniform, he, alone on a motorcycle, drove up to a company of marching Nazis and opened fire on them from a machine gun. He killed more than 20 German soldiers, and while the rest of the company was at a loss, “Mikhailo” managed to escape safely.

While fulfilling his assignments, Mehdi Huseyn-zadeh repeatedly used against the fascists the skills and knowledge that he had been instilled in the Wehrmacht Legion of Azerbaijan, under the command of German officers. The Germans themselves taught “Mikhailo” all the intricacies of military intelligence, the technology of conducting explosions and sabotage. When they realized this - it was too late - their anger knew no bounds. And Mehdi Huseyn-zade, meanwhile, continued to perform his exploits.

Mehdi was well-read, he knew by heart many works of the classics of Azerbaijani and Oriental literature, infecting his comrades with his cheerfulness and optimism. From all operations, Mehdi returned alive and unharmed, and even managed to tell jokes, sang, wrote poetry, painted landscapes of Slovenia, winning the sympathy and respect of his comrades arms.

But, alas, not without a traitor. Upon learning that Mehdi was instructed to carry out an operation to remove uniforms from Hitler's warehouses, the fascists attacked the trail of partisans and pursued them to the village of Vitovlya, where the tragedy broke out. The Nazis, surrounding the village, demanded to indicate the house where Mikhailo was hiding, otherwise they threatened to burn the whole village.

But as the Germans did not try to find his shelter, they did not succeed. Local residents flatly refused to extradite the partisan. When a German officer threatened to shoot them for this, the Mihailo himself came out of his shelter and opened fire on the Nazis. Mehti gave his life dearly. After a brief battle, they were killed 25 armed opponents. Mehdi himself received 8 bullet wounds, but nonetheless continued to fight. When Mehdi Hussein-zadeh found that he had practically no cartridges left, he shot a bullet in his heart, not wanting to surrender to the fascist invaders.

It should be noted that, despite the fact that in the archives of M. Huseynzade, one of the certificates states that the Germans mocked Mehdi’s body, disfigured his face, gouged out his eyes, etc. (FPH, case: No. 159, t. 2., p. 7.), however, this was not true and was completely refuted by the surviving witness of those events, Javad Hakimli, who then personally washed the body of Mehdi according to Muslim custom.
Mykhailo's fear was zero, it was a brave, daring partisan, which caused panic among the Germans "- this is how his fighting friends spoke about the legendary Mihailo - Hero of the Soviet Union Mehdi Huseynzade.

In 1957, the legendary intelligence officer, anti-fascist Mehdi Huseynzade was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. He was also awarded posthumously by the Yugoslav orders and the Italian medal "For Military Valor", which is equivalent to the status of the National Hero of Italy. On instructions from the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev, a monument to the hero was opened in the center of Baku in 1973. And October 25 2007, the bust of Mikhailo was installed in Slovenia, in the village of Shempas.

While in Slovenia at the opening ceremony of the monument to Mihailo, his nephew, doctor Mehdi Azizbeyov, met with the hero’s combat friends. Slovenian veterans, paying tribute to the memory of his fellow soldier, noted that Mikhailo was a very brave man. A resident of the village of Shempas, Angela Persic, said: “Everyone loved him. He said: "I am here to make you happy."

"... Near Chepovany, nowadays a stone stands with an inscription carved on it:
"Sleep, our beloved Mehdi, glorious son of the Azerbaijani people! Your feat in the name of freedom will forever remain in the hearts of your friends"

The prototype of Mehdi Huseynzade meets in the story of Imran Kasumov and Hasan Seyidbeyli “On distant shores”. In 1958, based on the story at the Azerbaijanfilm studio, the feature film On the Long Shores was filmed, which, according to Goskino USSR, made almost 60 million viewers at the time. And in 2008, the documentary film “Mikhailo” was filmed at the Salname studio. In 1963, the memoirs of one of the comrades Mehdi Javad Hakimli, entitled Intigam (Revenge), were published, which described the feats of Mikhailo, described the everyday life of the first partisan strike brigade and the Rouska couple company. 9 May 1978 in Baku was opened a monument to Mehdi Huseyn-zade. The football stadium in Sumgait, the embankment in Mingechaur, the secondary school in the village of Novkhani (Baku), the streets in Baku and Terter are named after Mehdi Huseynzade. In the village of Shempas (Slovenia) a bust of the hero was made. December 29 2008 of the National Museum stories ANAS hosted a scientific conference dedicated to the 90 anniversary of the birth of Mehdi Hussein Zade.

We grew up since childhood on the example of this hero!

Eternal memory to the hero!

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  1. xetai9977
    xetai9977 8 June 2013 08: 41
    Eternal memory to the heroes! The names of such heroes as Mehti Huseynzade should never be forgotten! Thank Alibek
  2. cartridge
    cartridge 8 June 2013 09: 19
    Under Stalin, Azerbaijanis turned out to be real warrior heroes, and current Azerbaijanis became heroes of exclusively criminal reports request
    1. kNow
      kNow 8 June 2013 09: 55
      times, manners ...
    2. xetai9977
      xetai9977 8 June 2013 09: 58
      No need to judge people by criminals. ALL have criminals, including Russians. And what does Stalin have to do with it? Rulers come and go, but nations remain.
  3. smersh70
    smersh70 8 June 2013 10: 23
    about the death, there are several versions --- recently on TV they showed a report from that village .... so, one woman said that, being a little girl on the street with her friend, she saw one partisan running, covered in blood, over the fence , he lay down in the grass and the Germans passed along the street, then the villagers came running and one of them said that he was the legendary Mikhailo, he died of blood loss ...
    the second version was in print according to the stories of a former legionnaire - the partisans broke away from the Germans ... and were already passing the railway line, as the Germans finally fired from firearms ..... several pools fell into Mikhailo ... and he died of loss blood .....
    but the saboteur was cool !!!!!!!!
  4. smersh70
    smersh70 8 June 2013 10: 39
    By the way, according to intelligence materials, the Ministry of State Security opened the Operational Search Case in 1945 with the color spying on Mikhailo ...... only after the leader of the Italian Communists Togliatti gave materials to Stalin, he ordered to check his case ..... The check dragged on 1956, and the then head of the 2nd counterintelligence department checked it, Captain Heydar Aliyev ..... based on the audit and a memorandum was drawn up in the CPSU Central Committee ..............
  5. Egoza
    Egoza 8 June 2013 11: 51
    Thanks so much for the article! The more we remember the heroes, the more we have reasons for pride! And the more we can tell our descendants.
    Glory to the fearless Azerbaijani hero!
  6. individual
    individual 8 June 2013 13: 30
    I am reading the publication about the Hero of the Azerbaijani War Mekhti Huseynzade, and before the eyes of the movie "Father of the Soldier" - about the Hero of the Georgian - once common Heroes of the common great country of the USSR.
    1. Yarbay
      8 June 2013 17: 12
      Quote: individ
      "Father of a Soldier" - about a Georgian Hero - once common Heroes of the common great country of the USSR.

      By the way, I posted a film about Mehti below the article * On the far shores * I remember as a child I often watched this film !!
  7. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 8 June 2013 14: 42
    In Ryazan there is a monument and a street to them. Hero of the Soviet Union and National Hero of Italy F.A. Poletayev And how many unknown heroes remain forever in those same Italy, France? Aliases remained from them. And the memory of the unknown "Russian" soldiers. I wrote "Russians" in quotation marks, because for them we are still Russians-Azerbaijanis and Georgians, Tatars and Russians ...
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 8 June 2013 15: 17
      et for sure !!!!!! in Italy, when I said that I was Azerbaijani, the truck driver said - 50% RUSSO, 50% TURKEY !!!! laughing
  8. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 8 June 2013 18: 32
    Quote: smersh70
    50% RUSSO, 50% TURCO !!!! laughing

    Interesting knowledge in genetics wink At least the person knew where Azerbaijan was. wink I think that not everyone on the site on the go will find Ryazan or Baku sad
    1. smersh70
      smersh70 8 June 2013 20: 36
      he determined that I was of Soviet (Russian) Turkic origin ... hi fellow .
  9. ruslan7608
    ruslan7608 8 June 2013 20: 11
    Glory to the fallen famous and unknown war heroes !!! Eternal memory to them, and no matter what nationality they all fought for their common Motherland, the Soviet Union !!!
  10. George
    George 9 June 2013 00: 19
    Excellent material, I learned about this worthy saboteur for the first time. Eternal memory to him.
    Thank you for the article.
  11. Des10
    Des10 9 June 2013 13: 29
    Thanks for the Hero. One Motherland, a common enemy.
    The present generation will no longer understand the greatness of the USSR and its people.
  12. pinecone
    pinecone 9 June 2013 19: 41
    In 1958. the remarkable film "On the Dalniye Beregi" came out on top in the Soviet film distribution. It is a pity that it is not shown on TV now.
    True, you can find and look through the Internet.
    1. valeriy948
      valeriy948 10 June 2013 22: 09
      when the film came out I was in elementary school. It was a winter vacation and I watched this movie with my friends twice a day. the film went on for three days.
  13. Matt eversmann
    Matt eversmann 9 June 2013 19: 51
    Many thanks to the author of the article. I had never heard anything about Mehti Huseynzad. Heroic man. Eternal memory to him and to all those who, fighting the Nazi invaders, brought our Victory closer. soldier
  14. Marek Rozny
    Marek Rozny 9 June 2013 21: 28
    Nice man. Hero. I first found out about him when I collected information on the Turkestan Legion. The amazing courage of the soldiers.
  15. Yeraz
    Yeraz 10 June 2013 11: 06
    Thank you Yarbai. As a child, I was madly fond of watching a film about Mikhailo. Glory to such heroes.
  16. Yeraz
    Yeraz 10 June 2013 11: 07
    Well, what jackal put a minus article ?????
    1. Our
      Our 19 December 2013 17: 40
      some kind of ill-wisher)))