Military Review

100 years ago, made the first flight of the first in the world multi-engine aircraft "Russian Knight" engineer Igor Sikorsky

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May 26, 1913 made the first flight the world's first multi-engine aircraft "Russian Knight" engineer Igor Sikorsky. A young engineer created this machine as an experimental long-range reconnaissance aircraft. It could accommodate both two and four motors. The plane was originally called "Grand" or "Big Baltic", and after some modifications it received the name - "Russian Knight". On August 2, 1913, the aircraft set a world record for a flight duration of 1 hour 54 minutes. This aircraft, surpassing in size and take-off weight all the machines built up to this point, became the basis for a new direction in aviation - heavy aircraft manufacturing. Russian Knight became the ancestor of all subsequent heavy bombers, transporters, reconnaissance aircraft and passenger airliners in the world. The direct successor to the “Russian Knight” was the four-engine aircraft Ilya Muromets, the first copy of which was built in October 1913.


Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (1889 - 1972) was born in a family of doctors. Father - Ivan Alekseevich, was a famous psychiatrist, professor at Kiev University, a leading specialist in the treatment of stuttering. Mother - Maria Stefanovna (nee Temryuk-Cherkasova), worked as a general practitioner. The son did not follow the path of his parents. Young Sikorsky received secondary education in one of the classical gymnasiums of Kiev, in 1903 - 1906. studied at the St. Petersburg Maritime School (Naval Cadet Corps), which trained personnel for fleet. After his graduation, he entered the Kiev Polytechnic Institute. He also attended lectures in mathematics, chemistry and shipbuilding in Paris.

Since childhood, Sikorsky was interested in mechanics. At the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, Igor became interested in building aircraft, he created and headed a student aviation society. Back in 1908, Sikorski first tried to build a helicopter. This experimental helicopter, equipped with a 25-strong engine, became the basis for the subsequent work of an engineer with helicopters. By the year 1910 was built a second helicopter, he had two propellers that rotated in opposite directions. The payload of the device reached 9 pounds, but none of the helicopters could fly with the pilot. Slow apparatus took off only without a pilot. The device was presented at a two-day aeronautical exhibition in Kiev in November 1909. Sikorsky will return to the projects of helicopters only in 1939 year.

In the same year, Sikorsky switched his attention to the aircraft, and created a prototype of his biplane - C-1. It was driven by a 15-strong engine. In 1910, an engineer lifted into the air a modernized C-2, with a 25-strong engine. This plane went up to 180-meter height and set a new All-Russian record. Already at the end of 1910, Sikorsky built a C-3 with a strong 35 engine. In 1911, Igor Sikorsky received a pilot diploma and built C-4 and C-5 airplanes. These machines showed good results: during the tests, the pilot reached an altitude of 500 meters, and the flight duration was 1 an hour.

At the end of 1911, the Russian aircraft designer built the C-6 and in the spring of 1912, upgraded it to C-6А. At S-XNUMHA, Igor Sikorsky won first place in the competition, which was organized by the military. Among the eleven aircraft that took part in the competition, several were represented by such famous aircraft manufacturers as the Farman, Newpore and Fokker. It must be said that all the Sikorsky aircraft, which the designer had created before C-6, were built by young scientists in a barn on the territory of the Kiev estate, which belonged to his parents. Subsequent aircraft, starting with C-6, were built at the aircraft factory of the Russian-Baltic Carriage Plant (R-BVZ) in St. Petersburg. The Russian-Baltic Carriage Works built an aviation department to build Russian-built aircraft. This allowed the Russian designer to more successfully do what he loved.

100 years ago, made the first flight of the first in the world multi-engine aircraft "Russian Knight" engineer Igor Sikorsky

C-6A.

Sikorsky built his first cars at his own expense. In addition, the young inventor was supported by her sister, Olga Ivanovna. Pilots G. V. Yankovsky and G. V. Alekhnovich, designer and builder A. A. Serebryannikov helped the Russian-Baltic Carriage Works, the designer and builder A. Serebryannikov, he was a student of the Polytechnic Institute and engine mechanic V. Panasyuk. The first aircraft built by Sikorsky on the R-BVZ was the monoplane (aircraft with one bearing surface, one wing) C-7. He was later acquired by the pilot Lerche.

At the Russian-Baltic Carriage Works in St. Petersburg, C-7, C-9 and C-10 aircraft were manufactured, and they were equipped with Gnome rotary engines. C-10 Hydro was supplied with floats and was intended for the Russian Navy. C-10 was a direct heir to C-6. It was a single-engine double biplane (aircraft with two bearing surfaces, wings), mounted on two main and one auxiliary floats. The C-10 had a small steering wheel. By the fall of 1913, 5 aircraft built with Argus engines on 100 l were built. with. They were used as reconnaissance and training machines.

At the beginning of 1913, the inventor built the C-11 monoplane. The cabin was a double, for the pilot and passenger. Engine "Gnome-Monosupap 100 l. with. under the metal hood. The device was built for the competition and the pilot Yankovsky ranked second in the competition in the Russian capital. In the spring of 1914, Igor Sikorsky designed and built the C-12 biplane. It was specially designed as a training aircraft and could perform aerobatics. This elegant monoplane had a Gnome 80 hp engine, with a twin-wheel chassis characteristic of many designs of the inventor. 12 March 1914, the pilot Jankowski tested it, the aircraft showed excellent flying qualities. Yankovsky, flying on this machine, took the first place in aerobatics during aviation week, it was held at the Kolymazhsky hippodrome. On the same C-12 test pilot set the All-Russian record, rising to a height of 3900 meters. True, the first unit did not exist for long - 6 June 1914 of Yankovsky crashed the car, but did not die. The military department was so pleased with the C-12's flying qualities that when the contract for the production of Sikorsky 45 machines was signed, they included a new model. During the First World War, these aircraft entered the armament of a squadron of aircrafts and in the 16 corps squadron.

Already during the war, Sikorsky invented and built: the C-16 project - a fighter with an 80-strong engine Ron and a 100-strong Gnome-Mono-Supap, at a speed of 125 km per hour; C-17 - Double Scout; C-18 - heavy fighter, which was supposed to cover long-range bombers and carry bombs to support the Muromtsev strikes; the plane could serve as a strike fighter without bomb load; C-19 - attack aircraft, he had all the quality attack aircraft - powerful armament (up to six machine guns), booking the most vital parts, and layout that provides maximum survivability and invulnerability of the machine (spaced cab, which reduced the likelihood of simultaneous destruction of pilots, one engine covered the other ); The C-20 is a single-seat fighter, with a 120-strong engine and a top speed of 190 km per hour. During the First World War, some Sikorsky aircraft were in service in the armed forces. However, despite the good flight qualities and breakthrough solutions, these planes were not widely used, which was due to the fascination of the Russian powers to all foreigners.


C-20.

Russian knight

Even in the pre-war period, the inventor came to the conclusion that the future is not for small single-engine airplanes, but for large aircraft with two or more engines. They had an advantage in flight range, transportation and security. An airship with several crew members and several motors was safer; if one motor broke, the rest continued to work.

Igor Sikorsky spoke about his plans to build a large airship to Mikhail Vladimirovich Shidlovsky, who was the head of the Russian-Baltic carriage company. Shidlovsky listened attentively to the young inventor, studied his drawings and gave permission to work in this direction. During this period, most experts did not believe in the possibility of creating a large aircraft. It was believed that a large aircraft could not fly at all. Sikorsky built the world's first four-engined aircraft, the predecessor of all modern large aircraft. The work was going fast, enthusiasts working on 14 hours a day. In February, 1913, all parts of the aircraft, which the factory people, generous with all sorts of nicknames, called "Grand", which meant "big", were basically ready.

It should be noted that Shidlovsky played a prominent role in the development of Russian heavy aircraft. A nobleman and an officer in the navy, he graduated from the Alexander Military Law Academy, after retirement, served in the Ministry of Finance and proved himself a talented entrepreneur. He became a high-ranking official, joined the Council of State and was appointed commander of the Squadron of Aircraft. The squadron became a special unit, which during the war flew Ilya Muromets bombers of I. Sikorsky. As chairman of the R-BVZ Shidlovsky quickly increased the productivity and profitability of the company. In addition to launching the production of Sikorsky aircraft, Shidlovsky directed the production of the first and only vehicles of the Russian Empire, included in history as "Russo-Balt". These cars performed well during the First World War. Another contribution Shydlovskogo in the defense of the empire - the production in 1915, the first and only Russian aircraft engine.

Thanks to Shidlovsky, the Grand project was launched and fully justified itself. By early March 1913, the general assembly of the aircraft was completed. It was a real giant: the span of the upper wing was 27 m, the lower one was 20, and their total area was 125 square. The aircraft’s take-off weight is more than 3 t (with a load up to 4 t), height is 4 m, length is 20 m. Four German Argus engines according to 100 l were to take off the plane. with. They were located on the lower wings, two on each side of the fuselage. The machine could carry a load of 737 kg and fly at a speed of 77 km per hour (maximum speed 90 km). In the crew - 3 person, 4 passenger seats. For the first time in the world, the aircraft had a large closed cockpit and passenger cabin with large windows for the crew and passengers. Pilots from the cockpit could go to the balcony, which was located in front of the car. In addition, there were also side outlets that led to the lower wings, which provided access to the engines. This created the possibility of repair in flight.


Igor Sikorsky on the front balcony of the Russian Vityaz.

The bow of the "Grand".

After several test trials, 13 (26) of May 1913, around 9, in the morning, on the meadow adjacent to the Peterburg airfields, aircraft designer Igor Sikorsky and 4 passengers made a brilliant, quite successful flight on the “Grand” (“Big”) aircraft . The plane climbed to a height of about 100 m and half an hour (not at full power of the gas) reached a speed of up to 100 km / h, very well made several large turns and landed smoothly. The crowd watching was delighted. On this flight, Sikorsky clearly refuted the predictions of many “specialists” that the “Big” would not be able to fly ... ”. Many foreign aviation specialists abandoned the idea of ​​building a large aircraft. However, the Russian inventor visually destroyed all their theoretical constructs. It was the triumph of human ingenuity and the victory of the Russian designer over numerous critics and spiteful critics.



May 27 "Bolshoi" made another flight. On board were Sikorsky, Yankovsky and four mechanics. Flights have given a huge amount of information and good food for thought. The tests of the “Grand” became the basis for the creation of a more sophisticated aircraft - the “Ilya of Murom”. A certain role in the development of the project was played by the emperor. Being in the Red Village, Nicholas II expressed a desire to inspect the car. The plane overtook there. The king examined the plane outside, climbed aboard. Vityaz ”made a great impression on the emperor. Sikorsky soon received a memorable gift from Nicholas II - a gold watch. The monarch's positive opinion protected the aircraft from attempts to tarnish the reputation of this amazing project.

Sikorsky set about creating a second aircraft, which he called the “Ilya of Murom”. The construction of the second warrior aircraft began in the fall of the 1913 of the year, and was completed in January of the 1914 of the year.
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 25 May 2013 07: 19 New
    +2
    How many more would this genius create airplanes from the US without it leaving for America?
    And what would be the alignment in the air forces of Russia and America?
    1. svp67
      svp67 25 May 2013 07: 36 New
      +3
      Quote: aszzz888
      How many more would this genius create airplanes from the US without it leaving for America?

      Knowing our story, alas, this is not a fact ...
      Quote: aszzz888
      And what would be the alignment in the air forces of Russia and America?
      But this question is clear - America would lose many priorities ...
      1. Aleks21
        Aleks21 25 May 2013 10: 17 New
        -1
        Yes, most likely spanked him as an enemy of the people in the year so 1938.
        1. svp67
          svp67 25 May 2013 10: 32 New
          +2
          Quote: Alex21
          Yes, most likely spanked him as an enemy of the people in the year so 1938.

          Alas, it is possible much earlier ... For the time being, the Bolsheviks did not know how to appreciate the intellectual wealth that they got ...
          1. Avenger711
            Avenger711 25 May 2013 15: 49 New
            +4
            It seems that the 2013th year is in the yard, and all the tuning bikes are poisoned.
            1. svp67
              svp67 25 May 2013 19: 09 New
              +3
              Quote: Avenger711
              It seems that the 2013th year is in the yard, and all the tuning bikes are poisoned.

              And you prove the opposite ...
              Famous researchers of the history of Russian aviation V.R.Mikheev and G.I.Katyshev in their major research on I.I. Sikorsky analyzed the biographies of 75 leading Russian specialists who worked before the 1917 year together with the creator of Ilya Muromets, including at the company's aviation enterprise RBVZ. Of these, only one died before the 1917 year, 25 died between 1917 and 1924 year. 32 has emigrated. Moreover, among the emigrants - not only I. I. Sikorsky himself and employees of his company, but also such outstanding specialists as S. P. Timoshenko, G. A. Botezat, A. A. Lebedev, L. V. Bazilevich for many decades being the "golden fund" of science and technology in France and the United States. Only 17 specialists from 75 were left to work in the USSR, and 8 from 17, including the outstanding designer of fighters NN Polikarpov, were repressed
              1. Avenger711
                Avenger711 26 May 2013 13: 37 New
                -1
                What do I have to prove? That RI, allegedly ruined by the Bolsheviks, of whom, by the way, at the beginning of the 17th there were only 10k people, had almost no production of modern technology and, with grief, riveted 80 Ilyush on foreign engines when other countries were building more powerful thousands? RI produced fewer aircraft for WWII than France had at the same time on the front line in 1918. Which is not surprising when the country could not provide soldiers even with rifles, but there was not enough cartridges for those rifles that were.

                Or what has the USA already had or has appeared before the Second World mass of aircraft manufacturers (some of them like Vought, or Curtiss-Wright are now unknown) for which a few dozen people are a drop in the bucket?

                Regarding the repressed, for some reason the riflemen’s designers weren’t repressed, the tank builders weren’t repressed, and there’s a lot of it. Maybe because in their midst it wasn’t customary to knock on each other? However, take an interest in why they planted the same Tupolev.
                1. svp67
                  svp67 26 May 2013 14: 02 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Avenger711
                  Regarding the repressed, for some reason the riflemen’s designers weren’t repressed, the tank builders weren’t repressed, and there’s a lot of it.

                  You have a FULL lack of knowledge of the material of the topic of conversation:
                  Such surnames as A.O. Firsov, A.Ya. Dick, I.A. Khalepsky, L.V. Kurchevsky Do they say anything to you?

                  And generally read these articles:

                  http://topwar.ru/21731-repressii-v-oboronnoy-otrasli-sssr.html

                  http://topwar.ru/21817-repressii-v-oboronnoy-otrasli-sssr.html
                  1. Avenger711
                    Avenger711 26 May 2013 19: 44 New
                    -1
                    Kurchevsky says a lot under the dynamo-jet guns of which millions were spent to the detriment of normal artillery. I don’t know if this is stupidity or outright sabotage, but its simplicity, as you know, is worse than theft, and for it is accidentally beaten desperately. Especially when it jeopardizes the country's defenses.

                    As practice shows, allegations of nevino repressed in 80-90% of cases do not correspond to reality, and things turn out to be quite real. Not without foolishness, falsifications and internal squabbles with denunciations, but by default, anyone imprisoned under Stalin and not rehabilitated by Beria in the 38th should be considered justly condemned until the contrary is proved. As for rehabilitation, especially Yakovlev’s, in your leisure time take an interest in how it happened, then you can see that fairy tales about 20 cases per hour are not fairy tales at all, they just didn’t plant them, they rehabilitated at that speed.
                2. svp67
                  svp67 26 May 2013 14: 25 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Avenger711
                  However, take an interest in why they planted the same Tupolev.


                  Interested in:
                  The indictment, dated January 1940, states that Tupolev "headed an anti-Soviet sabotage organization in the aviation industry, carried out sabotage and sabotage work in the field of aircraft construction, and was engaged in espionage for France." In May 1940, the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR sentenced him in absentia, determining the punishment in accordance with the preliminary decision of the commission consisting of Beria, Pankratyev and Ulrich - 15 years of forced labor camps with confiscation of property and loss of rights for 5 years ...

                  Delirium is the purest ...
                  1. Avenger711
                    Avenger711 26 May 2013 19: 37 New
                    -1
                    That is, there were no spies in the USSR? Although even pedivicia leads at least a suspicious story with purchases in the United States.
              2. Avenger711
                Avenger711 26 May 2013 19: 51 New
                -1
                What to prove? What without the 32 engineers left in the USA would not have built the strongest air forces in the world? Let the authors of the study prove this.

                By the way, nobody repressed Yakovlev, Antonov, Sukhoi, Mikoyan and Gurevich. Who else forgot there? As for Polikarpov, you can find a lot of examples when quite prominent engineers and scientists negatively reacted to the regime and did not always just keep quiet or sharpen their furs in the kitchens, although this activity is also not harmless. And even then they were sitting almost at the resort and were engaged in work in their specialty.
                1. svp67
                  svp67 26 May 2013 19: 59 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Avenger711
                  By the way, nobody repressed Yakovlev, Antonov, Sukhoi, Mikoyan and Gurevich

                  Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich - an outstanding designer of seaplanes KTO TO repressed, and Tomashevich and Petlyakov ...
                  1. Avenger711
                    Avenger711 26 May 2013 23: 27 New
                    -1
                    So they deserve it. Or do you think that Stalin and his entourage were so dumb as to imprison them from doing the nefig, and then after the defeat in the war themselves hanging out on the gallows?
          2. old man54
            old man54 25 May 2013 19: 47 New
            +1
            if they would not have been valued, then they would not have created anything, neither before the Second World War, nor even after. Neither Xosmos would fly, nor much more.
            1. svp67
              svp67 25 May 2013 19: 51 New
              +1
              Quote: old man54
              if they would not have been valued, then they would not have created anything, neither before the Second World War, nor even after. Neither Xosmos would fly, nor much more.

              Do not confuse engineers of "pre-revolutionary leaven" and those grown in Soviet times.
              Tell me, how many "pre-revolutionary" rockets were launched and what is their fate?
        2. old man54
          old man54 25 May 2013 19: 45 New
          -1
          Quote: Alex21
          Yes, most likely spanked him as an enemy of the people in the year so 1938.

          Well, why are you so, nonsense are carrying it without thinking! Vaughn A. Tupalev, started with Sikorsky, knew him personally. And What, "spanked"? P. Sukhoi, "spanked"? A. Lyulka, "spanked"? They could, of course, but not necessarily. And the fact that the USA has long been engaged in tug of "brains", I think many already understand.
          1. svp67
            svp67 25 May 2013 20: 04 New
            0
            Quote: old man54
            Well, why are you so, then you are talking nonsense! Vaughn A. Tupalev,

            A.N. Tupolev for your information, was REPRESSED on a far-fetched pretext and with him several hundred other aircraft industry specialists. Yes, he could not be added to luck, he was shot, but you think that this is a normal situation in which the DESIGNER must work behind bars, knowing that he is not to blame ...
            And here it is
            At the end of the 20's - the beginning of the 30's, a group of specialists in the field of designing aircraft, engines, and aircraft equipment was arrested. Grigorovich D.P. Polikarpov N.N., Stechkin B.S. and others performed tasks of the socialist Motherland in Butyrka prison - in the Special Design Bureau.

            Do you think this is the same normal? But Polikarpov spent some time on death row, that there was no other place for the GENIUS aircraft designer?
            And if we are already talking about space, then the premature death of SP Korolev and, in fact, the "temporary stagnation" of the Soviet space program, is a direct consequence of the fact that Sergei Pavlovich was also repressed and the testimony was "Knocked out" from him.
            One can only admire these people who went through such a meat grinder and did not give up ...
            1. Denis
              Denis 25 May 2013 20: 55 New
              -1
              Quote: svp67
              but you think that this is a normal situation in which the DESIGNER must work behind bars, knowing that he is not to blame ...
              This is by no means an excuse for methods!
              According to the recollections of one of the costructors, only for lattice several general costructors with their design bureaus could work on one project
              hz what did Stalin think, maybe the same
            2. Avenger711
              Avenger711 26 May 2013 13: 44 New
              0
              And I have a little different info that the commission headed by Tupolev misused the funds allocated for purchases in the United States. Well, as Sharapov said: "A thief should be in prison."

              Queen EMNIP was also imprisoned for embezzlement. Maybe they attributed the counter-revolution, then there were a lot of absurdities in the laws, but it came out almost immediately. What kind of space program can we talk about in the 30s, I don’t catch something at all. The world was already at war, the only question was "when?" and no one would spend billions on a flight to Mars. The entire space program essentially acquired military value only after the invention of atomic weapons.
            3. Amapok
              Amapok 26 May 2013 14: 59 New
              0
              Here: http://magadansky.livejournal.com/31350.html
              1. Avenger711
                Avenger711 26 May 2013 19: 33 New
                -1
                Another liberal verbal diarrhea about "in spite of power." 99% and the notorious Bogen simply did not exist.
              2. Amapok
                Amapok 27 May 2013 22: 48 New
                +1
                "This is Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, the father of Russian and Soviet cosmonautics. Arrested on false denunciation and sent to Kolyma. He spent only five months here, from July to December 1939, worked at the Maldyak mine in the Susuman region. not the funniest places, this one had a very bad reputation.In 1938-1939 there was a very high mortality rate of prisoners, and about a year before the future chief designer got there, a "Moscow brigade" of investigators fought on Maldyak, of which a special A certain NKVD lieutenant M. Katselenbogen (Bogen) was distinguished by cruelty, hundreds of people were shot.

                “Bogen instructed me and a group of comrades to conduct an investigation, giving deadlines in three hours to complete 20 cases. When we complained to him about excessive work, he directly ordered the arrested to be beaten. Bogen himself showed us an example, called one prisoner and beat him with a poker, after which we beat what we had to. A few days later, Captain Kononovich arrived with the prosecutor Metelev at 2 a.m. and by 6 a.m. they examined more than 200 cases, of which 133-135 were sentenced to capital punishment. The prosecutor did not look at the arrested and did not talk to any of them. ”

                (from the testimony of an officer of the UNKVD for Dalstroy A. V. Garusor).

                On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Gagarin’s flight, a film was made about Korolev, where he was presented as a rebel against camp orders. In fact, Sergey Pavlovich barely stood on his feet from exhaustion, and was not capable of any rebellion. The doctor Tatyana Repyeva saved him, transferred the hospital to a nurse.

                “Korolev said that he was then a“ wick ”. They didn’t drive him to work, because he couldn’t go: “As soon as I bend over, I fall. Tongue swollen, gums bleeding, teeth falling out from scurvy ”

                (from the memoirs of A.N. Sharypova).

                Why am I doing this? The fact that Korolev survived is an accident. If he fell into the hands of Katselenbogen or not to meet a good doctor, and instead of Gagarin’s flight, we would have had the nameless grave of the Kolyma ZK.

                The main achievement of the USSR was the first flight into space. Breakthrough for all humanity. Communists often cite Gagarin's flight as an example to prove the superiority of the Soviet system. But Korolev as a designer took place largely not thanks to, but in spite of the Soviet regime. The Soviet power almost rotted him in the camps. If the circumstances were a little different, and there would be no flight of Gagarin. Pure luck. "(C)
    2. FC SKIF
      FC SKIF 25 May 2013 13: 46 New
      +2
      There is such an entertaining literary genre - an alternative story. In one such book, of course, having won the World War, Sikorsky and Korolev made a big mess of what they did.
      1. alex13-61
        alex13-61 25 May 2013 18: 18 New
        0
        Quote: FC Skif
        There is such an entertaining literary genre - an alternative story.

        And B. Akunin his, on the contrary. slowed down ... He has such an entertaining story - "The Flying Elephant". Oppositionist, after all ...
      2. old man54
        old man54 25 May 2013 19: 57 New
        +1
        Fantasy! You would be better off fantasizing, alternatively, according to history, what the USSR could have achieved if there had not been an outright betrayal of the middle part (in age and positions) of the party elites, perestroika in that version and as a consequence of the collapse of the mighty state. Naturally, it would not have been 91 then and this asshole Yeltsin would not have been where he was for 9 years, dream up, taking into account the Soviet temp of designing and launching a series of combat aircraft, what they would be today and in what number -ve, in 2013, if we are still Su-27 "deeply" -modified and ourselves admire the subwoofer (and he is already 30 years old). But with those alternative handouts, it was guaranteed that there were no such incidents as with Serbia in 1999, or with Libya 2 years ago, and even less so with Syria now. And with that, alternative scenario, on Jewish Internet forums, as today, they would not discuss or write that, if something happens, Israel will run across Russia (USSR) from their submarine KR with a nuclear warhead. If you come to the thinker, then it would be nice to think in the other direction!
    3. Avenger711
      Avenger711 25 May 2013 15: 48 New
      -1
      A little more than nothing, given that they built 80 pieces, and in 1917, other countries built thousands of more advanced machines. By the era of industrialization, Sikorski would have been in years.
  2. svp67
    svp67 25 May 2013 07: 34 New
    +5
    May 26 1913, 100 years ago, the first flight in the world, the first multi-engine aircraft "Russian Knight" engineer Igor Sikorsky, made
    Just one hundred years - how little time in the life of mankind and what a big step in the life of mankind. And I'm proud that Igor Sikorsky, no matter what, always remained a RUSSIAN man.
    1. starded
      starded 25 May 2013 11: 05 New
      0
      A moot point, however. Russian against their own does not work !!!
      1. il grand casino
        il grand casino 25 May 2013 11: 14 New
        0
        More how they work. Battalion Ost remember at least. And of course, we pissed off a talented igden ... sorry.
        1. igordok
          igordok 25 May 2013 13: 16 New
          0
          Quote: il grand casino
          More how they work. Ost Battalion at least remember


          Are they RUSSIAN.
          1. il grand casino
            il grand casino 25 May 2013 18: 14 New
            -1
            And for you, is Russian a national identity? (then yes, Russian) or God-chosen ... then of course not
          2. vladimirZ
            vladimirZ 26 May 2013 11: 43 New
            +4
            Unfortunately, Russians, both by nationality and upbringing, work against Russians, for example, this muzzle.
        2. old man54
          old man54 25 May 2013 20: 06 New
          0
          no need to lament! The Russian land has always been and will be rich in talents, this cannot be taken away from us! And by the way, "there" they understand this perfectly, therefore, in addition to everything, our industrial base is being destroyed purposefully!
      2. svp67
        svp67 25 May 2013 12: 14 New
        +3
        Quote: starded
        A moot point, however. Russian against their own does not work !!!


        The question is really controversial and very complicated, but it did a lot for the development of the Russian community in America, and many didn’t get there of their own free will, as well as he ...
  3. Denis
    Denis 25 May 2013 07: 37 New
    +5
    Four German Argus engines in 100 liters were to fly the aircraft. from
    Engines were then an eternal problem. Some subsequent "Murom" already during the war aggregated "Maybachs" from downed zeppellins
    It’s a pity he did little work in Russia
    Then he made such helicopters!
    1. Orchestrarant
      Orchestrarant 25 May 2013 11: 07 New
      -8
      What kind ? Okromya Chinook? smile
      1. Denis
        Denis 25 May 2013 20: 47 New
        +3
        Quote: Orchestra
        What kind ? Okromya Chinook?
        At the expense of the H-47 Chinook created by Vertol, which later entered the Boeing, it is doubtful that two-engine engines were not his theme, and you can transfer them to Si cars for a long time
        Before helicopters, he had good seaplanes
  4. DmitriRazumov
    DmitriRazumov 25 May 2013 11: 24 New
    +5
    Thanks for the article, I want to remind you that the founder of aviation was not some Americans, the Wright brothers, but our compatriot Rear Admiral Alexander Fedorovich Mozhaysky.
    Much earlier than the Americans, on July 20, 1882, Alexander Fedorovich Mozhaysky tested the world's first aircraft. Due to the lack of ICE at the time, Mozhaisky developed a unique steam engine design for his brainchild. was implemented at the Baltic factory. Rear Admiral did this work of immense scale and complexity practically alone. The works of N.E. Zhukovsky about lift, but the inventor’s genius made it possible for the first time to propose a flying fixed-wing structure that uses a propeller as a propeller. was essentially a propeller development for a hydrodynamic medium. In the estate of A.F. Mozhaysky in the Vologda region preserved many models of aircraft with a propeller based on a clock spring. Unfortunately, the military ministry of tsarist Russia was skeptical of the developments of the domestic inventor and only partially funded the construction of an operating aircraft. However, practically at his own expense, Mozhaisky built the first plane and made a successful flight in Krasnoye Selo near St. Petersburg. The car took off from the ground and flew a distance of several hundred meters, making a hard landing. The head of the commission of the Ministry of War said that it was the business of the British and French to design such devices and closed the topic. Mozhaisky soon died, and the world's first plane was destroyed in a shed in the Red Village and was lost after 1917. Name AF Since 1947, he has been wearing the Military Space Academy in St. Petersburg (at that time the Leningrad Air Force Engineering Red Banner Academy). It is noteworthy that A.F. Mozhaysky was the first tsarist military commander, whose name was given to the Soviet military educational institution.
    1. old man54
      old man54 25 May 2013 20: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: DmitriRazumov
      The head of the commission of the Ministry of War said that it was the business of the British and French to design such devices and closed the topic.

      Thank you for such a detailed story in the topic! "+"
      Here is a vivid example of someone who, having succumbed to the false distortion of our history, which has been happening since 1993, believes that tsarist Russia would have "soared" ahead of the rest of the planet a little more.
    2. Denis
      Denis 25 May 2013 20: 33 New
      +2
      Quote: DmitriRazumov
      The car took off from the ground and flew a distance of several hundred meters, making a hard landing.
      A controversial issue, the calculations carried out by aircraft designers (mind you, not by journalists or television presenters and not even different politicians!), That there couldn’t be a separation. The steam engine did not fit by combining kg weight per l / s, i.e. heavy and weak
      These are just calculations.Merit A.F. MAYSKY THIS DOESN'T TURN ANYTHING!
  5. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 25 May 2013 11: 47 New
    +3
    Wonderful date! Unrivaled for its time, a plane is an airplane! And of course, an outstanding and talented designer!

    "Russian Knight" (projection)
  6. k220150
    k220150 25 May 2013 13: 26 New
    +2
    It is necessary to learn a lesson: Sikorsky, Zvorykin, Ipatiev, Rachmaninov ... These are leaves torn off from the mighty tree, from Russia and, in no case, to prevent a new "Russian dispersal"
    1. poquello
      poquello 26 May 2013 00: 22 New
      +1
      How to prevent them, they want to crawl away on the ass. And now they are going for a decent life, as they think, bright heads. It so happened, they entice the Sikorskys to themselves, and the Kalashnikovs ensure parity in our country.
  7. vitas
    vitas 25 May 2013 14: 46 New
    +3
    Even without Sikorsky, there were enough great helicopter designers. Whether he was Russian there or not, she plowed at our potential adversary!
  8. individual
    individual 25 May 2013 14: 55 New
    +2
    "In addition, there were also side exits that led to the lower wings, which provided access to the engines. This created the possibility of repair in flight."

    Ingenious: I. Sikorsky searched, created, experimented and in this he "found" himself not only in aircraft construction, but also in creating a prototype of a helicopter.
    It would be funny for us contemporaries of jet liners to hear the command to the co-pilot: "Sasha, go to the plane, change the wing geometry ... Or, Sasha, clean the turbine blades from the crow ..."
  9. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 25 May 2013 16: 00 New
    0
    In the Air Force Museum in Monino, there is a four-engine aircraft "Ilya Muromets" (copy) in the hangar. Considering that it was built at the beginning of the 20th century, you are imbued with great respect for its designer. Sikorsky has overtaken the West for decades! Russia suffered huge intellectual losses during the revolutionary years! Great scientists, designers, philosophers, writers and military men left. They were quickly "attached" by the West for its own benefit. It's a shame ...
  10. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 25 May 2013 16: 05 New
    +1
    Here he is, handsome! The legendary "Ilya Muromets". A copy assembled according to real drawings. Russia lost a lot during the years of the revolution and civil war. This aircraft has overtaken Western designers by decades! Someday Russia will appreciate its intellectual losses ...
    1. Avenger711
      Avenger711 26 May 2013 13: 47 New
      -3
      Go teach history, damn it for decades. After 3 (THREE!) Years, more advanced cars were already stamped with thousands by the west. In fact, Sikorsky’s merit is only in that he guessed to put more than one (import) motor. And any bomb carrier around 1930 threw this Rus-plywood like a sheep to a bull.
      1. Avenger711
        Avenger711 26 May 2013 18: 28 New
        -1
        What did they mess with? Someone can refute that by the end of the WWII, all European countries except Albania had more sophisticated heavy bombers than the IM, which were produced in large quantities? And the progress was such that the PMV cars became obsolete in a few years.

        What is most interesting, after the dispersal of effective managers, the production of heavy bombers quite managed to be established without Sikorsky. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ТБ-1 212 cars, and http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ТБ-3 already 818 cars. At the same time, TB-1 already had a total engine capacity (domestic, albeit copied) of 1360 liters. with. and a speed of 207 km / h versus 560 for the fastest MI, which flew only 135 km / h. A good spoon, as you know, by dinner, having received an airplane before the start of the WWII, the tsarist government for 3 years, when the country had not yet collapsed in the trash, failed to organize production while the soldier was bombarded with enemy bombs. Indeed, Sikorsky didn’t leave, maybe there would have been some kind of C-2 in our war, well, how could he know that in this rotten country a more efficient government would soon come to power.
  11. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 25 May 2013 18: 19 New
    +2
    It is a pity that so little is remembered about the First World War, and especially about Russia's contribution to the approach of victory over Germany.
  12. Amapok
    Amapok 25 May 2013 18: 29 New
    +2
    Here: http://www.opoccuu.com/250511.htm
  13. Sylvester
    Sylvester 25 May 2013 20: 11 New
    0
    What kind of helicopter looks like, not a plane. belay
  14. RussischGenosse
    RussischGenosse 25 May 2013 21: 07 New
    +1
    A man of great intelligence, inventor, hero. But on the other hand, a traitor to the homeland, who left the borders of his country in the most difficult times for her. Such people, scientists, inventors, musicians, artists, they must create their own story no matter what country they live in, democracy or totalitarianism, socialism or capitalism. They should be out of politics. They must live and work for the good of their homeland, whatever it may be. And escape from her is the greatest betrayal. In those years when she was not easy.
  15. Serg_Y
    Serg_Y 25 May 2013 22: 32 New
    0
    Yes, the United States exalted people who did not find themselves in their homeland, the treacherous colony of England. Sikorsky Aircraft, Ibm, Google, I think the list goes on ...
  16. Bosk
    Bosk 26 May 2013 16: 43 New
    0
    Quote: aszzz888
    How many more would this genius create airplanes from the US without it leaving for America?

    With regard to the creation of gliders, we always had enough brains ... but at the expense of creating a good engine, the problem was before the war ...
    1. Serg_Y
      Serg_Y 26 May 2013 20: 16 New
      0
      As if there are no problems now, the strange economy on "matches" is still present.
  17. Alex
    Alex 18 September 2013 00: 07 New
    +2
    Sikorsky is an aviation genius, and it is useless to dispute this. Whoever later surpasses him - THERE was THERE! And the first heavy multi-engine aircraft is OUR! I am proud of my great countryman.

    And the fact that he left Russia ... In Soviet times there was such a film "Ballad of Wings". Of course, he was ideologized, and Sikorsky's friendship with Tupolev is somewhat exaggerated, but psychologism is shown well. When the "fiery Trotsky" calls for "choking" the counter (not to shoot, crush or cut, but to choke - this is psychologically very strong, "Othello" remember) and the exalted crowd is ready to tear a person to pieces just for being in pince-nez and galoshes - this is scary. I will not say that it was everywhere, and not everyone went abroad forever, many thought they would just sit out, but it happened as it happened.

    And on the account of the fact that the amers themselves would have done everything, they say, two or three dozen do not do weather next to hundreds of thousands. There was one such curiosity in the middle of the 70's. At the reporting conference of the Tagarnogo Regional Writing Organization, its chairman dropped the phrase:
    - Before the revolution, only one writer worked in Taganrog, while the current organization reads 179 members.
    Then one of the uninitiated asked a naive question:
    “Who the hell was that?”
    The chairman blurted out in stride:
    “Yes, Chekhov, who else,” and only then realized what kind of parallel he had drawn.
    I mean, not every one of hundreds of writers is Chekhov, like not every designer is Sikorsky.