Military Review

Strategic pioneer

41
Russian roads and thaw spoiled the nerves of many of our enemies. But we ourselves often suffer from them. What, for example, will happen if the rocket tractor gets stuck in the mud with Topol-M? Who will help pull out a heavy truck with a dangerous load? And who should make it so that such excesses do not occur at all?


When the editorial board of the PM worked on the May issue, it was white-white outside the window. With snow-covered roads, endless fields, blown over by the March blizzard, we made our way to the location of the Teikov Division of the Strategic Missile Forces. There we were promised to show a car, which has no analogues in the world.

Manual exploration

Indeed, nothing like this has ever happened before. The only thing with which this mighty four-axle vehicle can be compared is rocket tractors carrying intercontinental ballistic missiles. A machine of engineering support and camouflage (MIOM) appeared in front of us, the latest modification of which (MIOM-M) had just entered into service with the Russian army, or rather the Strategic Missile Forces. Such a machine should be unique, because there are no mobile installations with ICBMs anywhere else in the world.

But this topic is actively developing here, and along with the monoblock Topol-M in 2009, the RS-24 Yars with a split head began to take up combat duty. The emergence of a new generation of mobile ground-based missile systems (PGRK) inevitably led to the need for more advanced engineering technology.

Of course, we don’t know if the ICBM was ever stuck in the mud, but it is obvious that the cross-country qualities of rocket transport are limited. And if there is a need to redeploy the missile system from point A to point B on the map, then first it is necessary to find out whether the rocket technology can actually make this way and take a position at that point. Are there impassable swamps there, is the forest road marked on the map covered with trees, are there any other obstacles for the work of the rocket men?

All these questions are to be answered by engineering intelligence, and, of course, the relevant units have long existed within the Strategic Missile Forces. However, until recently, the technical equipment of these services remained, let's say, at an insufficiently high level. Engineering reconnaissance groups moved in the ordinary Ural army, and a large proportion of manual labor was present in the work of the sappers. Just one example. In the arsenal of the engineering units of the Strategic Missile Forces there is such a device as a penetrometer.

It is used to assess the bearing capacity of soils, that is, it can be used to find out whether the soil in the given area will withstand the weight of the rocket tractor, whether it can drive or even equip the starting position. In the old version, the mass of the penetrometer was 23 kg, which in itself is quite a lot, besides the use of the device was associated with serious physical exertion — the soldier had to drive a special barbell into the ground.

And the problem is not only in the wasteful use of the forces of a warrior, but also in the loss of time, which in all that relates to ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons, acquires special value. That is why it was decided that the engineering reconnaissance of the Strategic Missile Forces should get a new technique that will help carry out tasks faster and more efficiently.

Sweeping traces

The 15М69 (MIOM-M) machine was built on the basis of the MZKT-7930 “Astrologer” chassis of the Minsk plant of wheeled tractor, the same one that builds for the Russian army a number of heavy wheeled platforms, including Topoli and Yarsy ( chassis MZKT-79221). At MIOM, the 8 x 8 scheme is used, with two front axles fitted with steering wheels. The tractor is presumably equipped with a 500-strong 12-cylinder diesel engine. So, if the rocket tractor gets bogged down, MIOM has enough power to pull it from anywhere, and at the same time itself (of course, with the help of a winch).

The car has a three-section structure: in the front part there is a control compartment with a driver’s workplace, then there is a residential compartment (kung) for personnel and, finally, a cargo body. One of the main distinguishing features of the new engineering machine is a high degree of autonomy. It not only has a decent fuel reserve, but also provides for a life of eight people for three days.

By army standards, inside the Kung is comfortable enough - the premises for personnel resemble a compartment of a passenger train. Four beds for alternate rest calculation and a small kitchen. But why the car is such a big crew?

Everything will become clear if we simply list the functions that MIOM is called upon to perform and its calculation. Firstly, with the help of a machine, a check is made on the overall terrain. To do this, on the body are the so-called imitators dimensions. In the stowed position, they are folded, but at the command of the crew they deploy these structures at an angle of 90 °, artificially increasing the dimensions of the MIOM in width and height.

If simulators come across obstacles (for example, in the form of thick branches of trees), it means that the rocket tractor will not pass here and it is necessary to take measures to widen the passage. Soldiers work in rigging belts and with insurance: the height of the machine, even without dimension simulators, is 3,9 m. Secondly, the task of calculation includes a complex of radiation, chemical and biological reconnaissance of the area, as well as mine clearance of mine-explosive barriers. The machine is equipped with appropriate protection and allows you to overcome areas of contaminated areas.

Thirdly, the crew has to perform the tasks of disguise (masking means is undergoing tests). For this, MIOM is equipped with a cargo body where metal containers are stored. In just five minutes with the help of a compressor driven by a diesel power unit, the contents of the containers are transformed into inflatable models, identical in appearance and dimensions to rocket tractors. "False Division" is designed to mislead the observer from the height of the enemy.

Another masking device is a grader device mounted on the stern of the machine. It not only helps to cope with the snowy debris, but also ... gently covers the tracks of the rocket tractors just past along the snowy or dirt road.

And what about the penetrometer? No, now he no longer has to carry on himself. Evaluation of the bearing capacity of soils is carried out using a small cabinet, mounted directly on the nose of the machine. In the cabinet - hydraulic drive and pressure gauge. The calculation fighter bolts a long rod with a small round platform at the end to the drive rod and puts it in the ground. Now you just need to start the drive, which will begin to slowly push the bar into the ground, and look at the instruments.


Strategic pioneer

The photo clearly shows the three-sectional layout of the engineering machine. The highest part is the central living compartment. On the slope of the roof and on board the Kung, you can see the folded size imitators.


15М69 engineering and masking machine
The unit is designed and manufactured by the TsKB Titan (Volgograd).
Performs its tasks in the composition of the PGRK “Yars” or “Topol-M”, as well as independently.
Length: 15900 mm.
Width with traveling position: 3300 mm.
The mass of a fully equipped unit with a crew of 8 people: no more than 42 643 kg.
Maximum speed: 70 km / h.
Originator:
http://www.popmech.ru/
41 comment
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  1. Bongo
    Bongo 29 May 2013 08: 18 New
    +6
    According to the assumed obligations, our country guarantees the restriction of conducting combat patrols PGRK. Moreover, PGRK should be located in the basing areas so that they can be constantly observed from satellites.
    1. Kuzkin Batyan
      Kuzkin Batyan 29 May 2013 08: 59 New
      +4
      It is in peacetime. In the case of an acute exacerbation of the situation, as in the Caribbean crisis. Nothing prevents to go away, because the rules are created to break them))
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 29 May 2013 09: 30 New
        +4
        Peacetime usually ends abruptly.
        1. Kuzkin Batyan
          Kuzkin Batyan 29 May 2013 09: 43 New
          +1
          Quote: Bongo
          Peacetime usually ends abruptly.


          Well, for the sudden end of peace time, all the same, such a number of mobile complexes as in the photo will not do the weather. In addition to them there are submarines, mine installations. Well, or "Perimeter" if over, it exists. And mobile complexes are in the case if, for example, the US or Israel sinks our ship near Syria. They will not immediately exchange nuclear strikes. But at this moment, Poplars can already go to where the United States will not see them.

          And yet, why not instead of real complexes, in which case put inflatable? The satellite will also be visible.
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 29 May 2013 09: 51 New
            +5
            Such a picture in all areas of the base of the Poplars, you can see this, Google Earth quite allows it. Mine installations are much better protected, in this case PGRK are artificially deprived of the main advantage — mobility.
            "Perimeter" seems to have already been eliminated.
            1. Andrey57
              Andrey57 29 May 2013 14: 34 New
              +2
              The "perimeter" is not liquidated and functions very well. hi
              1. Bongo
                Bongo 29 May 2013 15: 21 New
                +2
                If you believe the directory Chuprina, then no.
          2. self-propelled
            self-propelled 29 May 2013 10: 58 New
            0
            Quote: Kuzkin Batyan
            And yet, why not instead of real complexes, in which case put inflatable?

            Yes, all these agreements are a bluff. not a single sane government will control its strategic forces! I’m sure there are a lot of things in zashniks ...
            1. Bongo
              Bongo 29 May 2013 11: 05 New
              +5
              For this you need a very small-sane government smile
        2. Nitup
          Nitup 29 May 2013 11: 30 New
          -3
          You write nonsense. PGRK go on duty at night, when there are no reconnaissance satellites over their base territory. On combat duty they are masked, covered with a camouflage net, etc. And in this photo there are not PGRK basing centers, but something else.
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 29 May 2013 11: 33 New
            +5
            You write nonsense, if you do not own the information.
            1. Nitup
              Nitup 29 May 2013 11: 40 New
              -3
              I own the information, and, apparently, better than you
          2. Bongo
            Bongo 29 May 2013 11: 51 New
            +4
            Is this also different?
            1. Nitup
              Nitup 29 May 2013 12: 10 New
              -1
              Yes. This is also different. And what, from these pictures it is definitely clear that there is a PGRK or something? Yes, even if it is a place of basing, it does not give anything. The coordinates of the locations are known to Americans. But exactly where they go at night PGRK and where they stay, they do not know. They detect these points only after at least 8 hours. But by this time, the detected PGRCs are already replacing others. So you do not own the information and you are writing nonsense.
              1. Bongo
                Bongo 29 May 2013 12: 12 New
                +2
                Can you prove it?
                1. Nitup
                  Nitup 29 May 2013 12: 19 New
                  0
                  It was about the time of discovery that I read from open sources. But the fact that there is no agreement to ensure the possibility of constant observation by US satellites is easy: in this case, the complexes would not be covered with a camouflage net on combat duty and MIOM would not be part of the complexes - an engineer. software and masking.
                  1. old man54
                    old man54 29 May 2013 17: 44 New
                    +4
                    Quote: Nitup
                    and MIOM wouldn’t be a part of the complexes - machine engineer. software and masking.

                    In this photo, most likely doctrines, i.e. training about which under this agreement both we and Sasha should advance each other in advance so as not to put the "potential" partner "into hysteria." But MIOM cars, as I understand it, are already needed for "high alert № times," when both parties are likely to spit on the agreement. Well, for real databases, of course, too.
                    1. Nitup
                      Nitup 29 May 2013 18: 44 New
                      -2
                      I don’t understand. START-2 is already in the past. What are the reasons to argue that PGRK does not mask?
              2. old man54
                old man54 29 May 2013 17: 34 New
                +5
                Quote: Nitup
                Yes. This is also different. And what, from these pictures it is definitely clear that there is a PGRK or something? Yes, even if it is a place of basing, it does not give anything. The coordinates of the locations are known to Americans. But exactly where they go at night PGRK and where they stay, they do not know.

                The PGRK basing places are known not only by mattresses, but even by residents of the area where it, the main basing point, is located. And even not only the region, but the region as a whole, who cares of course. I have at least 2 of them in Siberia, so what? :)) But the strength is precisely in their mobility, and they are usually located near dense coniferous forests (not to be confused with taiga !! ) And there, in the forest, in a well-camouflaged position, no satellite will detect it with about 100% accuracy. There are such forests, LLC, this is not for you near Moscow! And as far as I remember, the agreement, then they really cannot be "hidden", i.e. move to undetectable places (in forests). But this does not mean at all that they will not do this with the escalation of the pre-war situation in the world! Look, the mattress covers have unilaterally left the ABM treaty, and nothing, the world still stands for now! :)
                1. Nitup
                  Nitup 29 May 2013 18: 38 New
                  0
                  First, that agreement no longer exists. And secondly, they are just being hidden well. The arguments in support of this I cited in the comments below.
            2. Kuzkin Batyan
              Kuzkin Batyan 29 May 2013 12: 24 New
              +2
              It could be a tanker. From far away it is seen as a poplar. But in reality it is a tank, long as a poplar rocket, on the base of a poplar-like chassis.
              1. Nitup
                Nitup 29 May 2013 12: 35 New
                -2
                Why mask a tanker without masking a launcher ?? Yes, take any photo of PGRK Topol-M or Yars and you will see a camouflage net on the TPK.
                1. Kuzkin Batyan
                  Kuzkin Batyan 29 May 2013 14: 15 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Nitup
                  Why mask a tanker without masking a launcher ?? Yes, take any photo of PGRK Topol-M or Yars and you will see a camouflage net on the TPK.


                  I meant that in the photos of the bongos above it is not clear whether this is poplar or the tank is simply based on the chassis from the poplar.
                  1. Nitup
                    Nitup 29 May 2013 14: 19 New
                    -1
                    Yes, there is nothing at all clear. In my opinion, these are not objects of the Strategic Missile Forces at all.
                    1. Bongo
                      Bongo 29 May 2013 15: 22 New
                      +5
                      The latitude and longitude in the photographs is there, really, you cannot bring to specific objects, or should you chew everything?
                    2. old man54
                      old man54 29 May 2013 17: 46 New
                      +3
                      no, it seems very much like a real home base, even without reference to the terrain.
    2. Nitup
      Nitup 29 May 2013 11: 23 New
      0
      Quote: Bongo
      According to the assumed obligations, our country guarantees the restriction of conducting combat patrols PGRK. Moreover, PGRK should be located in the basing areas so that they can be constantly observed from satellites.

      What contract do these obligations contain?
      1. Bongo
        Bongo 29 May 2013 11: 25 New
        +2
        Attachments to START-2.
        1. Nitup
          Nitup 29 May 2013 11: 46 New
          +1
          What is START-2, it has lost its power long ago. START-3 has already been adopted. And there are no restrictions on the movement of PGRK. Even this unit is called MIOM - an engineering support and disguise machine.
      2. Bongo
        Bongo 29 May 2013 11: 49 New
        +3
        Nevertheless, American inspectors freely visit home areas:

        http://nuclearno.ru/text.asp?16579

        http://topwar.ru/4711-moskva-igraet-s-vashingtonom-v-poddavki.html
        1. Nitup
          Nitup 29 May 2013 12: 13 New
          +1
          Of course, ours visit sites in the USA, inspecting the implementation of START-3. But the Americans do not go on combat alert with our PGRK.
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 29 May 2013 12: 18 New
            +3
            And no one claimed.
    3. aepocmam
      aepocmam 29 May 2013 16: 03 New
      +1
      In "areas of basing" it is possible to place inflatable models. Let them watch as they want. And where real complexes will be located at this time, not their dog business. First let Buta and Yaroshenko release ...
  2. sys-1985
    sys-1985 29 May 2013 10: 28 New
    0
    And who prevents them from putting inflatable balls at the place of basing, and by themselves in the woods ...?
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 29 May 2013 10: 30 New
      0
      American inspectors.
      1. Kuzkin Batyan
        Kuzkin Batyan 29 May 2013 11: 25 New
        0
        What do American inspectors sleep next to the hangars in the tent? If everything was so easily tracked, they would not develop mobile systems.
        1. Bongo
          Bongo 29 May 2013 11: 31 New
          0
          Find the START-2 agreement and its annexes, if not laziness, everything is in time for inspections and the presence of inspectors. Komlesy created in the USSR, when this. that the Americans would control us and nobody could think of it.
          The same story before the liquidation was with the railway complexes. The Americans very much insisted on eliminating the latter, apparently fearing them more.
        2. Bongo
          Bongo 29 May 2013 12: 40 New
          +3
          The very possible presence in the area of ​​the base of American inspectors. in my opinion is an absolutely unreasonable concession on our part.
          1. Don
            Don 29 May 2013 15: 30 New
            0
            You can sleep well. Under the new START-3 agreement, all restrictions on the movement and patrol area of ​​Freight Forces have been removed.
            1. Bongo
              Bongo 29 May 2013 15: 34 New
              +3
              Thanks, I will sleep now smile But I do not remember that we were "no misters "
          2. old man54
            old man54 29 May 2013 17: 51 New
            +3
            Quote: Bongo
            The very possible presence in the area of ​​the base of American inspectors. in my opinion is an absolutely unreasonable concession on our part.

            perhaps, but these are mutual actions! our inspectors also follow them and hang out in the places where they are deployed silos. Although why ours conceded in this, a strange question, of course, the stripes did not even agree to discuss the issue of reducing the Navy and ICBMs, where they had a clear priority over us even then, not to mention now.
    2. old man54
      old man54 29 May 2013 17: 49 New
      +1
      Quote: sys-1985
      And who prevents them from putting inflatable balls at the place of basing, and by themselves in the woods ...?

      there will be a scandal, international, do we need it ?!
  3. Dzerzhinets
    Dzerzhinets 29 May 2013 11: 21 New
    +1
    It would not hurt to see the transportable remote mining system (based on the PCM kit) for the emergency installation of the minefield from POM-2, PFM-1C and PTM-1 mines (3, 4), as well as the KPM-P manual mining kits ( T, C and COM). Of course, for the threatened period and increased combat readiness. The machine in the Strategic Missile Forces is necessary and necessary, sharpened to increase mobility and secrecy, but it would not hurt to have the means of counter-mobility and defense ...
  4. Dima190579
    Dima190579 29 May 2013 12: 41 New
    +1
    Strategic Rocket Forces are the most powerful troops in the world.
    1. malkor
      malkor 29 May 2013 21: 21 New
      +1
      mobile launchers are very good, but I would put more on strategic nuclear submarines, on their constant combat duty
  5. Silkway0026
    Silkway0026 4 July 2013 20: 34 New
    +4
    By the way, about railway complexes. This topic was raised to resume. so crap am added