Military Review

Africa: Chinese vs Europeans

30
Recently, a lot of talk about Chinese expansion around the world. However, not one volatile China walks around the planet. While the Celestial Empire is building its Asian and African plans, the West is not only trying to keep up with it, but also to regain its former colonial influence. The economic battle for resources turned into a major geopolitical rivalry between the European powers and Beijing.


France is active in Mali. Recently, fighters for world peace from the portal antiwar.com, whose opinions are interested in the portal "Military Observer", explained that the preservation of thousands of French soldiers in Mali forever (as promised by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius) is not intended to achieve the goal of “fighting terrorism”, but to ensure control over Mali’s natural resources. So that the French warriors in Mali did not stagnate, the military leadership even developed a rotation plan.

But Mali, according to open data, is not only the largest exporter of cotton in the region, but also ranks third in Africa for gold production. Yellow metal is the main source of income of this state. Mali produces about 50 tons of gold per year (20% of the country's GDP and about 70% of exports). Mali's gold reserves are estimated at 600-800 tons.

Who is the main buyer of Malian gold? Of course, China. Its share in purchases of gold from Mali is 26,4%. Here we find the second goal of the French government: to oust China from Africa. This goal is consonant with the goals of the United States, which does not like the growing power of the Middle Kingdom.

It’s not for nothing that Leonid Ivashov, President of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems, said at the end of January 2013 that he considers the operation in Mali to be a continuation of the war for global resources. In Mali, считает General Ivashov, the Americans "play with the hands of Europeans." The French will clear the territory of radical groups, and then there will be people from Washington - to bring the power they need to power. The analyst considers the peacekeeping operation a “cover-up” of true goals. There is the establishment of control over the territories rich in resources and bringing to power those forces that will forever worship the West.

Who will get more gold - the Americans or the French - is still in question. Somehow share it.

General Ivashov knew what he was talking about. In order to bring the pro-Western forces to power, Paris has scheduled elections in Mali - and he intended to organize and conduct them in a very short time. French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius appears to be one of the practicing theorists of neocolonization, said: “Elections will be held in July. No one, including politicians, offered any other options, it is very important for us that the voting be held within the specified time frame. ” Analysts point out that the deadlines are too tight, if we also take into account instability in the north of the country and four hundred thousand (!) Refugees.

Anatoly Miranovsky (Pravda.ru) told that the British (as if all of a sudden) accused their longtime neighbors in South Africa - the Germans - in the long-standing genocide of the Namibian population. This is stated in the book “The Kaiser Holocaust by David Olusag and Kaspar Erihsen: The Forgotten German Genocide and the Colonial Roots of Nazism”. According to the British, in the Negroes German colonists tried out systems of mass extermination of people in concentration camps. Yes, and experiments on people also began there, and the first uniform of the Nazi assault troops - brown shirts - the authors of the book associated with the camouflage form of the Namibian settlers.

If the majority of the colonial territories turned out to be unprofitable for the Reich treasury, then this did not apply to Namibia. Namibia and South Africa quickly became the main diamond producing countries of the continent and the world.

The last distinguished already the British. While the Germans were colonizing, writes A. Miranovsky, events in South Africa were developing in parallel, where the enterprising Mr. Cecil Rhodes launched a competing diamond mine.

In the 1904 year, the Herero tribes revolted in Namibia. In the first days of the uprising, the German 123 was killed. The British were behind the Herero. After a series of battles, Herero began to retreat to the British colonial territories, and the Germans who were captured by the rebels were pushed into concentration camps.

Meanwhile, in the neighboring territory of South Africa, the British launched concentration camps for the Boers. At that time, it was fashionable in the West: the United States was engaged in opening camps for locals in Cuba and the Philippines, France drove the Algerian aborigines behind the wire, and the Dutch “formatted” Indonesia.

In 1985, the United Nations recognized the war against the hereinafter act of genocide. The official demand for compensation for the genocide of the Herero tribe brought Germany in 2001 year. The Germans refused both that year and again in 2004.

Was it bad that Namibia had German colonization?

“Namibians still use thousands of kilometers of railways built under the Germans. The country has surprisingly good service, cleanliness on the streets, and the black population does not rush at whites, as in the neighboring democratized South Africa. And, by the way, the national dress of the Herero tribe today is the clothing of a hundred year old German colonists ... ”


According to open sources, 32% of Namibian residents speak German.

But not everything is as good as it may seem. One fifth of Namibia’s GDP is in the mining industry: in addition to diamonds, there are uranium, copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten and gas in the country. At the same time, unemployment in the country ranges from 30 to 40%. The average monthly per capita income is about 150 dollars, but income is distributed very unevenly. According to the UN, in 2005, 34,9% of the population lived on less than a dollar a day (the poverty line adopted by the UN), and 55,8% lived on less than 2 dollars a day.

After the Germans, Namibia was controlled by South Africa for more than six decades, in other words, the same British. The independence of Namibia was proclaimed only in 1990 year.

Nevertheless, in Namibia diamonds are mined by the Namdeb company, and half of it belongs to the international corporation De Beers, founded in the 1888 by Briton Cecil Rhodes, who signed an agreement with Rothschild Bank. "Namdeb" - partner De Beers and the Government of the Republic of Namibia (50: 50). What the Germans refused was somehow got to the British.

The fact that the Europeans didn’t draw, the Chinese take. Alexander Bondarenko ("But") spoke about the African strategy of the dragon.

In China, energy consumption is increasing: since 2001, it grows by about 13% per year. Giant energy demand in China is associated with steel production. China accounts for over a third of global steel production. In 2010, the PRC needed 8,36 million barrels of oil per day. China pushed the US into second place and is the main importer of raw materials on the planet. The PRC imports about a quarter of the world's fossil and fuel. And the most attractive commodity market is Africa. In addition, the African continent in the future - a huge market.

Today, one of the techniques of Chinese market expansion is the use of the thesis of community historical the fate of China and Africa. The emphasis here is on the general former dependence on the Western powers during the period of the colonial past. With such an argument, the PRC seems to show a sense of solidarity with the Africans.

The Western press writes about the PRC's African policy as cynical and immoral, but China, unlike the West, proclaims non-interference in the internal political affairs of African states and in fact follows this principle, says Alexander Bondarenko.

“... He is not interested in the situation with the observance of human rights, freedom of speech, election fraud and corruption in Africa. He does not criticize official regimes with which he maintains diplomatic relations, nor does he link economic and humanitarian cooperation issues with the observance of human rights, which very often is an obstacle to similar ties between Western powers and African countries ... ”


In 2012, the African Union opened a new headquarters in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa. It was built mainly by Chinese specialists, and construction was funded by China. This has become a symbol of the growing influence of the Middle Kingdom on the African continent.

Heavenly Empire pursues intelligent economic policies in relation to its African "colonies". In 2009, the PRC reset the import duty on 95% of goods from the poorest countries of the Black Continent. In exchange, the Chinese get access to the bowels.

Do not think that only savages live in Africa. In the above-mentioned Namibia, in Liberia, Cameroon, and Mozambique, they are expressing their dissatisfaction with the massive deforestation, the wood of which is used to develop the Chinese furniture industry.

In Zambia, workers in Chinese copper mines are rioting. Even in South Africa, a member of the BRICS, Chinese cheap textiles have undermined the position of the local textile industry. However, we add that South Africa is admitted to BRICS at the insistence of China. This can also be called a kind of “exchange.” China gives the characters, and gets a real benefit. Skillful manipulation of consciousness in a postmodern society.

Alexander Bondarenko cites material from the Financial Times, written by the General Manager of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Lamido Sanusi. The author calls on African countries to reconsider the "romantic" attitude towards China.

“China buys raw materials from us and sells goods to us. But this is precisely the essence of colonialism, ”he writes. - The epoch of the Non-Aligned Movement, which united us after the break with the metropolises, is over. China has ceased to be the same developing country - now it is the second economy of the world, capable of the same forms of economic exploitation as the West. His economic policy contributes significantly to the deindustrialization and underdevelopment of the continent. ”

According to the same "Financial Times", from 2000 to 2012. African countries trade with China grew 20 times and reached 200 billion dollars. However, the share of industrial production in the continent's GDP fell from 12,8% to 10,5%.

The author also emphasizes that the PRC is building infrastructure on the continent solely through its own specialists. Sanusi sees a way out in investment in education and in building infrastructure with his own, that is, African forces.

A month ago, the Chinese were pleased with Sudan and South Sudan - those places on the map of Africa, where the expansion of the Celestial Empire is noticeable since the days of the united Sudan. Sudanese oil minister Awwad Ahmed Al-Jaz, in talks with a representative of the China National Petroleum Company, said: “Some time ago, South Sudan resumed oil production at its fields, from where oil would reach the Heglig reservoir ...” Advis.ru writes that “black gold” from South Sudan is expected to reach world markets by the end of May.

Thus, the African continent appears to us as the end point of the raw material expansion of both China and Europe. Ahead - a serious struggle for resources.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
30 comments
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  1. avant-garde
    avant-garde 24 May 2013 06: 56 New
    +6
    All wars were and will be only because of resources.
    1. pensioner
      pensioner 24 May 2013 08: 03 New
      20
      Quote: avant-garde
      All wars were and will be only because of resources.


      So Yes. But stupidity also happens. saakashvili will confirm ...
      1. Skavron
        Skavron 24 May 2013 09: 24 New
        +4
        Quote: retired
        saakashvili will confirm ...

        ++++ !!!
      2. GSH-18
        GSH-18 24 May 2013 09: 33 New
        +1
        Quote: retired
        So Yes. But stupidity also happens. saakashvili will confirm ...

        This is not stupidity, but an American order!
        1. Scoun
          Scoun 24 May 2013 10: 24 New
          +2
          Quote: GSH-18
          This is not stupidity, but an American order!

          This is an American order, to a foolish Saakashvilli who is foolish and created stupidity bloody stupidity.
          1. Agent.
            Agent. 24 May 2013 12: 05 New
            +3
            Sahaka thought that if Sochi reached it, that half of the rusty tanks would fall apart on the road, he believed in his army according to the NATO model and trained by its instructors. Sahak was simply sure that Russia would not decide, mumble until he had finished everything and put everyone before the fact. That the United States is large and will not allow ... Joyful Europeans will support, and then NATO and everything else. BUT it didn’t work. They forced him)) to the world)) Yes, and the Georgian army did not justify his hopes, to put it mildly, she simply did not fight with the Russians, did not give almost one battle, except for an ambush on a tank column. The Georgian soldiers in the first battles just drapanuli throwing all their weapons. Mishka went to the abank, and ours prepared, and which strategists might have hoped that this nutty baboon would attack because it unties the hands. And unleashed and we did what we wanted))
            1. pensioner
              pensioner 24 May 2013 13: 49 New
              +1
              “Replacing the parade on May 26 with other events is unacceptable, since it is the Armed Forces that are the main indicator of our independence,” the president said in a statement dedicated to the Day of the Georgian Army on April 30.


              The indicator may be the main, but some unreliable ...
        2. Interface
          Interface 24 May 2013 23: 26 New
          0
          It does not matter whose order, it is better that America and Europe sit in Africa, because if the Chinese come, we will not expel them from there.
      3. German
        German 24 May 2013 12: 54 New
        +1
        about Mishiko, I strongly doubt: well, where did you see the fool who (and even publicly) admits that he is d ... k? : laughing
    2. Seraph
      Seraph 24 May 2013 12: 47 New
      +2
      Too categorically. But the USSR for what resources fought in Afghanistan or sent the Soviets to Ethiopia and Vietnam? Why did the Germans slice each other 1/3 in the Thirty Years War? In Hollywood - yes, Martians only need our resources, but humanity still periodically fights over ideas
    3. Don
      Don 24 May 2013 13: 21 New
      +1
      Quote: avant-garde
      All wars were and will be only because of resources.

      I would say not all, but almost all. Yugoslavia was bombed in 1998 not because of resources, and Israel is fighting against Hezbollah and Hamas not because of resources.
      1. Skavron
        Skavron 24 May 2013 13: 51 New
        0
        Don, resources are different.
        1. Don
          Don 24 May 2013 14: 23 New
          0
          Quote: Skavron
          Don, resources are different.

          What other resources do you mean?
    4. MG42
      MG42 24 May 2013 15: 48 New
      +3
      Quote: avant-garde
      All wars were and will be only because of resources.

      A controversial issue, wars can also be fought over territory, religion, just a policy of antagonisms like during the years of the Cold War, capitalism and socialism ... Saakashvili’s stupidity, but it’s overpowered into the territory, and now oil resources can then be ordinary drinking water, fertile land, the world's population is growing and there is already not enough water for everyone, in Africa there is also food too ...
  2. Tatarus
    Tatarus 24 May 2013 07: 30 New
    +4
    There, as in the USSR. Only against the US is China now. War, rebellion. Amerovsky advisers against Chinese advisers. That they would seriously clash there. Would have looked at our bowels less.
    1. Canep
      Canep 24 May 2013 08: 37 New
      +6
      Quote: Tatarus
      There, as in the USSR. Only against the US is China now.

      The three polar worlds (Russia, West and China) have one significant drawback, this is an extremely unstable system. One country will always suspect the other two that they will enter into an alliance against it, and so will all three participants in this confrontation. Russia and China need a comprehensive military alliance that would rule out the possibility of military cooperation between Russia and China with the United States, and it would not be bad to divide the spheres of influence.
      1. pensioner
        pensioner 24 May 2013 08: 43 New
        +2
        Quote: Canep
        The three polar worlds (Russia, West and China) have one significant drawback, this is an extremely unstable system.


        Right An analogy from physics: there is no place for the third pole in a permanent magnet ... Yes, in electricity only + and -. God forbid to deal with them ...
    2. Scoun
      Scoun 24 May 2013 10: 34 New
      +1
      Quote: Tatarus
      Only against USA now China

      Just please note that in this confrontation the Chinese are not audible, not visible ..
      Only by voting in the United Nations it is clear that China is not with Europe and the Americans ...
      The movement of bombing of Europeans and Americans around the ball is visible .. and the Chinese .... and the Chinese are quiet glanders?
      1. Tatarus
        Tatarus 24 May 2013 13: 13 New
        +2
        Do it right. "Vaska is listening - yes, eating." Why make noise like gays at the parade, you need to quietly and peacefully grab everything that moves. And never being angry with anyone who is against the snout. Also in peace of mind.
    3. Agent.
      Agent. 24 May 2013 12: 17 New
      +2
      Russia can greatly win on their growing confrontation. They are already fighting for our favor. There is a wise Chinese proverb, something like the one who wins the fight the least. As it happened after the Second World War, when the USSR and Germany fought for the most part, and as a result, the United States impoverished almost all of Europe into NATO under its flag, intervening in the war in the last section.
  3. Romn
    Romn 24 May 2013 07: 43 New
    +2
    Europe and the United States, because of greed and impunity, no longer sees beyond their noses, everyone has huge ambitions and unreasonable ambition, they will soon finally quarrel among themselves, and the positive trends inside the Eurozone once again confirm this, the blanket each drags on himself without thinking about the other. It will be interesting to look at them when they finally realize what they really are. Divide and rule...
  4. pensioner
    pensioner 24 May 2013 08: 02 New
    +2
    Thank God we ourselves have EVERYTHING !. We must cherish this ... Well, scout, scout ... Indeed, we really don’t know what and how much we have!
    1. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 24 May 2013 08: 39 New
      +1
      Quote: retired
      Thank God we ourselves have EVERYTHING !. We must cherish this ... Well, scout, scout ... Indeed, we really don’t know what and how much we have!

      Therefore, Russia and China are very interesting. Now China is polite, and then who knows?
  5. Aeneas
    Aeneas 24 May 2013 08: 27 New
    +2
    Ketayans are still weak in Africa. An indicator of true influence is military bases in the region. China does not have them yet, although they have already begun to send warships to patrol the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. But in the former Russian Central Asia, the Chinese are already introducing contingents of troops to give weight to their political and economic presence (Kyrgyzstan).
    1. Skavron
      Skavron 24 May 2013 09: 25 New
      0
      The Chinese have a quiet glanders ... yes, buying up land to local kings, and their emigrants, and the construction of real estate. They begin to influence even without bases in African regions
      1. Don
        Don 24 May 2013 14: 42 New
        0
        Quote: Skavron
        The Chinese have a quiet glanders ... yes, buying up land to local kings, and their emigrants, and the construction of real estate.

        Also loans.
        Quote: Skavron
        They begin to influence even without bases in African regions

        I agree. It is not necessary to have a base in Angola, for example, to influence them. Politics and economics are sometimes more powerful than weapons.
  6. omsbon
    omsbon 24 May 2013 08: 45 New
    +2
    The clash of interests between China and Europe in Africa is a good thing, even promising, in the sense that there are few commercial interests from our borders, and the role of an arbitrator is free.
  7. King
    King 24 May 2013 08: 45 New
    +2
    The US is harder and harder to fight for world domination. for instead of the USSR alone, they received two rivals from China and a resurgent Russia. The first powerful accompaniment they received was Syria.
  8. Bekzat
    Bekzat 24 May 2013 09: 07 New
    +2
    Greetings to all, Africa for China is like a gourmet cake. Moreover, China wants to get the whole "pie", and not share with anyone. And human resources allow him to do this, in years through 10, probably, they will rebuild all the land themselves, and Chinese experts will squeeze out the rest. There was an article on the internet that the Chinese outplayed the Siemens company in Europe for the construction of the railway, there was not a big scandal there, Siemens turned to the European Union for support, but in my opinion (Siemens) they shut their mouths there.
  9. aszzz888
    aszzz888 24 May 2013 09: 20 New
    0
    that the preservation of thousands of French troops in Mali forever (this was promised by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius) is not intended to achieve the goal of “fighting terror”, but to ensure control over the natural resources of Mali. To prevent the French warriors in Mali from stagnating, the military leadership even developed a rotation plan.

    This was immediately understandable as soon as the French entered Mali. The main goal - the interests of France - natural resources.
  10. badabing
    badabing 24 May 2013 10: 19 New
    0
    By the way, about diamonds and De Beers, here's an interesting article
    http://forum-msk.org/material/economic/5456372.html
  11. Vrungel78
    Vrungel78 24 May 2013 10: 35 New
    +1
    I would not be happy with the success of China. I agree with the majority: there are devils in a quiet pool. As they say there: "Keep your friend close, and the enemy even closer"?
    1. Zheka Varangian
      Zheka Varangian 24 May 2013 12: 49 New
      0
      Yes ktozh they rejoices that. They are already in Africa and even look at the Arctic, especially since we are also neighbors, while not bad, but we must keep an eye on them!
  12. Strashila
    Strashila 24 May 2013 14: 48 New
    0
    We like to giggle about seemingly gratuitous help to African countries in the Soviet era ... only in the 90s in the early 2000s, Russia forgave more than a billion debts from these countries ... and there is something to take, a strange charity to please the West .
  13. MG42
    MG42 24 May 2013 15: 55 New
    +2
    Recently, a lot has been said about Chinese expansion around the world.

    Most of all this is felt in the expansion of Chinese goods, if earlier I tried to look for an alternative by seeing the <Made in CHINA> inscription, then now it is difficult to find it in some industries, for example, in the comp. completing
  14. cobalt
    cobalt 24 May 2013 16: 42 New
    0
    I read somewhere that the Chinese are actively buying land in African countries, where local legislation allows this to be done. They have already bought several million hectares in Zimbabwe, Zaire and Zambia, and have already transported about 2 Chinese. Local blacks are in shock, they are driven away from their ancestral lands. So the Chinese expansion into Africa has just begun. Well and us in the Far East that the situation is better. The richest Chinese woman has earned her 000 billion greens in the forest, and it’s clear that he is not from Cameroon. And how many “foresters” are there. We will soon have no taiga left, everyone will be taken to China.
  15. uzer 13
    uzer 13 24 May 2013 17: 28 New
    -1
    China's market expansion will continue to grow, as it is the main factor in China's survival in the real world and the preservation of the nation. Therefore, it is foolish to expect wide gestures from the Chinese. Practicality and the absence of any moral obligations have become a byword and are a characteristic national feature modern China. The strategic directions of China's development, not widely publicized, can be very far-reaching. In general, there is much to learn from the eastern neighbor.
  16. capitosha1rang
    capitosha1rang 24 May 2013 17: 35 New
    0
    Who, whom, and at what price buys in today's world is no longer important.
    The Chinese flywheel has gained such speed that it cannot be stopped.
    The task of the politician (the leader of any country) is to get comfortable in the track along which the Chinese steam engine rushes.
    And do not be offended - after the “century of humiliation”, after two opium wars, after what the troops of England and France did (civilization, however) with the palaces and treasuries of an ancient civilization, China, gathered with forces, has every right to speak in bass, upholding, or outlining their interests.
  17. Enot-poloskun
    Enot-poloskun 24 May 2013 20: 43 New
    0
    Interestingly, when the Soviet Union was, the West lost its colonies.

    No USSR - Colony West returns ...
  18. Megatron
    Megatron 24 May 2013 21: 03 New
    0
    And the USSR for what resources fought in Afghanistan

    Afghanistan ranks first in the world in the DISCOVERED reserves of copper, and in the rest, NOT EXPLORED ??
    I know that during the war geological surveys were carried out.

    Well, like Afghanistan they wanted to make another Union Republic. This is not 100%.
    1. Frogfoot 255
      Frogfoot 255 24 May 2013 21: 40 New
      +1
      OURs in Afghanistan were like a deterrent. It is well known that Afghanistan is one of the largest drug suppliers in the world. Why did the Amers in Afghanistan grab their teeth? Yes, because the CIA today is one of the largest drug mafia in the world. And the US government is ready "put" their soldiers in Afghanistan for their own benefit. And not for the sake of saving the world from terrorists. And Africa is even more interesting. There will be such a "batch" ... Amer, British, French and even China ... Today's Syria will seem " sandbox. "But let's hope that the Russians will defeat everyone soldier
  19. regsSSSR
    regsSSSR 24 May 2013 21: 46 New
    0
    and you think about kago this amers shot the film the hobbit so this is just a deeply veiled film about china current there the dragon sits on gold and the chinese on DOLOR laughing Yes, and it’s trying to buy the same country that stamps them with these same dollars laughing Well, for one esche everything reaches out))
  20. OlegYugan
    OlegYugan 27 May 2013 10: 18 New
    0
    I think Russia should help China expand in the African continent. We ourselves cannot master Africa, So let the Chinese comrades take it - why do they need Siberia, it's cold there. laughing