Nevertheless, European countries can theoretically conclude contracts with opposition forces. At the same time they can start and supply equipment for the extraction of hydrocarbons. However, no one is investing so far in the opposition. We have no doubt that there will be no such investments in the future.
The leaders of the Syrian political parties - the true face of democracy - gave an appropriate assessment of the decision of European bureaucrats.
They publicly condemned the EU’s decision to allow European countries to import oil and petroleum products stolen by armed extremists from the SAR. SANA.
Comrade Hunain Nemr, Secretary General of the United Communist Party of ATS, expressed himself in the sense that the rulers of Europe, who had gathered to buy oil from the rebels, neglected international law and believed that laws did not exist. Syrian natural resources are the wealth of the people of SAR, and not the politicians of Europe, Comrade Nemr explained to the European pirates.
A member of the Popular Front for Change and Liberation Jamal-ed-din Abdo said that the EU’s decision is a provocative step against the Syrian people, the abduction of its resources by the hands of members of armed groups and the continuation of the colonial policies of European countries. Oil will be bought from a non-Syrian party at low prices or in exchange for weapondesigned to kill the Syrian people.
Syria demanded that the UN Security Council take measures to guarantee a ban on the implementation of the EU decision.
In Moscow, the solution was also met with disapproval. "We proceed from the fact that, until elections are held, there is a legitimate Syrian government, therefore, such unilateral actions, which, in fact, contradict the principles of international law, only bring the situation into a deeper impasse", - quotes "Echo of the Planet" the words of Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov.
A well-known publicist Thierry Maysan the other day explained to the stupid world community the true goals of the West towards Syria. A French publicist in an interview with Iranian television channel Al-Alyam said that tens of thousands of foreign terrorists had infiltrated Syria with one goal - to destroy it in the interests of the West and Zionism, reports SANA.
Comrade Maysan stressed that there are 50 thousands of mercenaries from all countries of the world, including Somalia and Indonesia, in the country. They have special equipment, through which they receive information from NATO through satellites about the locations of the Syrian army.
Western mercenaries, the publicist continues, destroyed everything their hands reached. Motorways, bridges, railways, communication facilities were destroyed.
Meyssan stressed that most of the militants are mercenaries who moved to Syria from abroad in order to destroy it under the pretext of “jihad”. Comrade Maysan condemned France for trying to revive colonial policies. France attacked Libya with the help of NATO, killing more than 160 thousands of Libyans under the pretext of "protecting civilians." Now she is trying to repeat the same scenario in the SAR.
According to Maysan, the goal of Europe is to absorb Syria with its natural resources.
Today, Syrian "oppositionists" claim to control up to 70% of oil fields in the northeast, according to "Vesti" with reference to ITAR-TASS. True, mining there is intermittent. Before the war, Syria produced up to 4 thousands of barrels of oil per day, and now production has declined to less than 2 thousands of barrels.
Rebels set fire to wells in the zone of uncertainty. Undoubtedly, they do it for the good of the Syrian people. It is better to burn, rather than get the "bloody regime."
At the very least, amateur oil trading has already begun.
Ulrike Putz ("Der Spiegel"; Russian source - "Inopressa") said that Syrian rebels sell oil at dumping prices. You can say - by waste.
In the Al-Taur field, not far from Raqqa, the militants of Liwa al-Islam fill every day about 11 Turkish fuel tank trucks. A barrel of crude oil, according to a German journalist, is leaving an average of 13 US dollars.
Militants have learned to turn raw materials into cash, they need to buy weapons, ammunition and food. "Black gold", sometimes extracted by the artisanal method, is sold to consumers in Syria itself and exported to Turkey.
Abu Hamid, the commander of the local unit of Liva al-Islam, says that “the rebels are trying to help with oil sales to people living in areas where there is no longer any power”.
However, neither the National Council nor the Supreme Military Council of Syria has permanent access to the fields. “Instead, various, sometimes opposing, rebel groups proclaim the fields as their property,” the journalist points out.
And what kind of grouping, no need to guess.
As Anna Dymova writes ("ANNA News"), the newspaper Sunday Telegraph published an article in which we are talking about participation in the Al-Qaeda Syrian war. In the province of Rakka, after the seizure of a part of its territory by armed groups, the black flags of Al-Qaida fly over the buildings of state institutions.
British journalists claim that among the spiritual leaders of armed groups are many sheikhs of the extremist Salafi movement. These religious leaders are calling for the restoration of Sharia law and are promoting the introduction of so-called Sharia courts with beatings, cutting off heads, hands and feet, stoning and other delights.
The city of Rakka - the administrative center of the oil province of the same name - is now all hung with Islamic flags. The Europeans who arrived there to gaze at the achievements of advanced Arab democracy saw very little black-green with red stars of the “flags of revolution”. The correspondent of the British newspaper The Daily Telegraph noted that black cloths fly on all lampposts, and absolutely nobody in the city is embarrassed, Viktor Ruchkin points out ("A red star").
Experts, whose opinion leads the TV channel "NTV"It is believed that the withdrawal by the European Union of an embargo on the export of oil from the regions of Syria seized by the militants is nothing more than the financing of the opposition, which consists mostly of al-Qaeda militants.
Black gold is stored in ditches and is distilled under the open sky, poisoning the air. Part of artisanal oil, diesel and gasoline is sold in the north of Syria, the rest is transported by tank trucks to Turkey. The money raised from the sale, as reported by one of the unnamed Western diplomats, is used by the opposition to "conquer the hearts and minds of the inhabitants of the areas they have seized" (quoted from Interfax).
Joshua Landis, an expert from the University of Oklahoma, says about this:
“Those who hold oil, water and agriculture in their hands are holding Sunni Syria by the throat. Now it does "Dzhebhat en Nusra." Therefore, the conclusion from this insane decision suggests one: Europe will finance Al-Qaida.
Konstantin Volkov ("News") cited some data on opposition oil trading.
The field commanders who control the oil areas in northeastern Syria sell black gold at prices ranging from 13 to 50 dollars per barrel. Trade is small: tankers coming from Turkey are filled by hand, directly with buckets.
A member of the opposition Syrian National Council, Mahmoud al-Hamza, explained that the participants of the armed groups “liberating these areas from the troops of Bashar al-Assad”, the proceeds allow not only for the purchase of weapons, but also food for the local population.
If this is true, then this means a calculated purchase of loyalty.
People in these areas, Hamza said, do not receive wages and pensions. They have to survive by any means. He added:
“... the population and field commanders set up mini-refineries in order to provide themselves with gasoline and fuel oil. The product turns out to be of poor quality, production strongly pollutes the environment, but there are no other ways for the population to survive. The plant costs about $ 230 thousand and is capable of processing up to 200 barrels per day. ”
There is also a cheaper way:
“... Around the tank filled with crude oil, fires are made. The oil, when heated, turns into steam, passing through a long metal pipe, which is cooled to produce condensate. The result is low-quality fuel. "
Help from Wikipedia: In terms of oil reserves in the world, Syria is in the 33-th place (0,34 billion tons, according to Mineral.ru estimates). For comparison: Iran (3-th place after Saudi Arabia and Canada) - 18,95 billion tons; Libya (4-th place) - 15,75 billion tons. (Estimates at the beginning of 2009).
You should also know that there are gas reserves in Syria (45 -th place in the world, 240,7 billion cubic meters; data from the site 2012 Mostinfo.su).
Victor Ruchkin ("A red star") cites the opinion of CIA analysts who believe that Bashar Assad will remain in power in Syria until 2020: in the elections of 2014, he will receive 75% of the vote. Such a conclusion based on information from Syria and the results of sociological polls the CIA made in a special report on the Syrian presidential elections alleged in 2014. According to the US Central Intelligence Agency, the Al-Manar TV channel (Lebanon) points out, "there is no other candidate in the country who could be compared in popularity with Assad."
Americans and the West in general do not want to see Assad in power. Hillary Clinton said this a long time ago, and since she left the post of secretary of state, nothing has changed.
The aspirations of the United States and other Western countries, as well as the Arabian monarchies, notes V. Ruchkin, have, among other things, an oil motivation. Moreover, today experts call oil the real purpose of this war.
“... Some time ago, one of the Lebanese television channels reported that a small Norwegian company, which prior to the start of the unrest conducted geological exploration in Syrian territorial waters, found there several promising areas for drilling; the most important are located on the section from the Lebanese border to the Syrian city of Baniyas. ”
There were suggestions that now the level of production could be raised to 6-7 million barrels per day, or to 300-350 million tons per year. (That is, we add, the new annual production level would be comparable to all the oil reserves previously explored in Syria! Such data, if confirmed, can put Syria in the oil table much higher than 33-th place).
Prior to the unrest in 2011, the country's oil complex could have produced about 380 thousand barrels per day, and 95% of Syrian oil was exported to Europe. The main European investors in the oil sector of Syria were "Total" and "Shell".
As for natural gas, only in January-June 2011, 4,9 billion cubic meters were produced. However, Norwegian experts have suggested that there may be a very large field in the coastal zone, which will allow Syria to export liquefied “blue fuel”. That is, gas in Syria is probably much more than previously thought. And then the war began ...
The oppositionist Mahmoud Hamza mentioned above, by the way, does not at all think that oil production will be a simple and easy task. According to him, “the pipes run along the seashore, where government troops are active. You can try to deploy them in the other direction, for example through Turkey. However, in this case, the Assad government will interfere with the pumping of oil: the line will be under the fire of regular troops. ” Therefore, militants often burn wells in the “zone of uncertainty”.
On the fronts of the war in Syria, the position of the Islamists is far from brilliant, the author of the material notes. Syrian military personnel have gained vast experience in conducting operations against bandit formations. Improved infantry interaction, tank and artillery units.
19 May revealed that government forces took the city of El Quseir, which is considered to be a strategically important rebel stronghold. This was reported "Lenta.ru" with reference to BBC News.
Capturing the city will allow troops to control the coast of Syria. For the opposition, this city was important, because thanks to it the rebels could penetrate into Lebanon.
Agence France-Presse notes that President Bashar Assad sought to seize the city before the start of a conference to resolve the Syrian conflict. It should pass next month.
If Syria overcomes the thieves in a hard war, the West will finally break its teeth on a toughie. We wish Assad and his fighters victory!
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
- especially for topwar.ru