Superiority in rearmament given strategic nuclear forces (SNF). It is planned to increase the number of carriers of nuclear weapons to 700 units, as permitted by the START-3 Treaty, to improve nuclear warheads and ballistic missile defense systems.
Particular attention is also paid to those areas where there is the greatest lag. These are precision weapons, means of reconnaissance, target designation, navigation, communications, automation of command and control, network-centric warfare, robotization. The task was to create the country's aerospace defense, as well as to modernize the Ground Forces and the Navy.
The task of reliably protecting the SNF from a surprise attack is paramount, since with their destruction Russia cannot avoid catastrophic defeat and loss of state sovereignty. Only SNFs that are safe will provide time to create an innovative economy, as well as complete rearmament of the army.
Armament and tactics of the Armed Forces are primarily determined by the enemy with which you will have to fight. According to a number of specialists, the most likely geopolitical opponent of modern Russia is NATO led by the United States. The latter are interested in the elimination of the Russian strategic nuclear forces, since they are the only ones in the world capable of destroying the United States in the first strike.
There is an opinion that the goals that face the US and Russian armed forces are diametrically opposed. Unlike the United States, we do not have the task of destroying the enemy’s nuclear forces at the first strike. First, Russia has no goal, like the United States, to become a world hegemon to control the Earth’s natural resources. Secondly, such a blow would be tantamount to suicide: we do not have protection against a reciprocal nuclear missile strike, since there is no territorial missile defense. Since the creation of nuclear weapons in the USSR, the USA has been preparing for a first strike with nuclear charges to destroy the SNF.
In 2003, Washington adopted the concept of a fast global strike, which involves a one-shot strike with several thousands of precision-guided munitions against a target country. The task is to destroy strategic facilities: the infrastructure and forces of the SNF, command centers of government and the army, and power plants. The most likely target country is Russia. The Russian strategic nuclear forces are the main obstacle for the United States, which does not allow to subjugate all countries with the help of military force, to take control of the Earth’s natural resources and regulate the population of the Earth in the national interest. The United States is creating a missile defense system, which is one of the elements of defense, not attack. During the first global strike against the Russian strategic nuclear forces, it is likely that some strategic missiles will remain combat-ready, and an American missile defense system will be created to neutralize them.
The only thing that can force Washington to refrain from a surprise attack on the Russian strategic nuclear forces is a guaranteed, unacceptable for the United States nuclear missile attack on national territory. Therefore, at least part of these forces (according to world experience - about 30 percent) must be reliably protected from any means of attack: ballistic and cruise missiles, hypersonic spacecraft with nuclear charges. A guaranteed reciprocal nuclear missile strike virtually eliminates an attack on us by a state with nuclear weapons and posing the main threat.
An attack on Russia can also occur when the war is regional in nature (for example, the conflict with Georgia on the 2008 of the year) and the use of strategic or tactical nuclear weapons is impractical.
If a country is attacking with nuclear weapons, then the war will eventually be fought with all types of available weapons. This type of war requires modern, efficient aircraft capable of waging war with strategic and tactical nuclear as well as non-nuclear weapons.
The US attack on Russia with the use of nuclear weapons in the foreseeable future is very likely, since we do not have reliably protected strategic nuclear forces necessary for a guaranteed retaliatory strike. A nuclear disparity formed as a result of the US withdrawal from the ABM Treaty: US missiles and other strategic facilities are protected, while Russian ones are not. For the first time since the start of the nuclear race, Washington is getting a chance to reliably cover the Russian strategic potential with a missile defense system and an arsenal of high-precision cruise missiles in conjunction with electronic jamming. According to experts, the sudden strike of 50 – 60 with sea-based nuclear cruise missiles could disrupt the counterattack of Russia's strategic forces.
Thus, in most cases, the Achilles' heel of the Russian defense is the lack of reliable protection against attack by at least some of the strategic nuclear forces required for a guaranteed retaliatory strike. The solution to this problem should be the priority number 1 in the plans of re-equipment of the Armed Forces for the coming years. Such a reliably protected “nuclear umbrella” will allow Russia to modernize the economy, taking into account the fifth and sixth technological orders, create armed forces capable of protecting the country from any aggressor, and raise the quality and standard of living of the population.
From East and West
On Earth, after 10 – 15, for years, many natural resources (some metals, water, oil) will become scarce. On the territory of Russia is about one third of the natural resources of the planet, in the struggle for which a world war can begin.
Currently, the western war machine is advancing towards our borders. The armed forces of NATO are significantly superior to the Russian Armed Forces. So, the alliance currently has 11 in Europe tank, 22 armored fighting vehicles (BBMs), 788 combat aircraft, 3621 attack helicopters. Russia accordingly owns 1085 tanks, 3660 BBM, 7690 aircraft and 1542 helicopters. The United States deployed 365 land and sea-based ballistic missiles, as well as strategic bombers with nuclear warheads (excluding British and French missiles), and Russia has 792 nuclear weapons carriers. NATO has more than half of modern military equipment, and we have about ten percent. In the field of control, reconnaissance, navigation, communications, electronic warfare, the alliance is many times superior to Russia.
In the east, near our borders is a huge country - China with a population of 1300 million people, which is almost ten times more than in Russia. Over the past 30, Chinese GDP has grown at an annual rate of ten percent. The PRC has taken the second place in the world in terms of the economy, its military industry launches more combat aircraft per year than all NATO countries (including the United States), and more tanks than all the countries in the world combined. The success of the Middle Kingdom in economic development is mainly determined by the use of planned market management methods. But the demographic situation of modern China is complex. According to UN estimates, the stable internal situation of this country is possible with a population of no more than 750 millions. Several hundreds of millions of Chinese have a low standard of living and are looking to work in other countries, including Russia.
Today, China is a natural strategic ally of Russia against the United States, since the latter consider us and the PRC to be their geopolitical rivals, hindering the creation of a unipolar world. American military experts write about this: "The United States will soon be able to destroy the long-range nuclear potentials of Russia and China by first striking cruise missiles with nuclear warheads that are invisible to Russian and Chinese radars."
The analysis of the geopolitical situation confirms the conclusions regarding the need to improve and reliably protect the SNF from a sudden strike by ballistic and cruise missiles, attacks from space, and also regarding the creation of effective aircrafts, including the Ground Forces, without which it is impossible to wage war to defend or seize territory .
Currently, the government allocated 2020 trillions of rubles to re-equip the Armed Forces to 20. According to the former chief of the General Staff Yury Baluevsky, to create full-fledged aircraft by the deadline, it is necessary to spend not 20, but 40 trillions of rubles. According to experts, the HPV-2020 cannot be implemented with funds released by the state within the framework of the established decision-making mechanism. Including due to the accepted practice of choosing between different weapon systems and programs based on an analysis of the ratio of their cost and effectiveness.
Russia has the opportunity to double defense spending. We list some sources of these funds. Only about 40 percent of oil and gas rent falls into the state budget (in Norway - 80). Hundreds of billions of dollars have been accumulated in the Reserve Fund and the National Wealth Fund. Since 1991, over two trillion dollars have been shipped abroad. Corruption takes approximately 300 billion dollars annually from the Russian economy. The shadow part of the economy is about 40 percent. Everyone who works there, and this is 20 million people, do not pay taxes, taxes in Russia are paid only 42 million people. More than half of Russian property is registered offshore, which reduces taxes to the state budget. Russia invests dollars for the export of natural resources at two to three percent in valuable foreign securities, while Russian enterprises and banks abroad receive loans at six to eight percent. As a result of this kind of operations, Russia loses up to 100 billions of dollars annually. Taxes on the rich should be increased from 13 to 45 percent, as do many countries (Germany, China, France).
State budget revenues in 2012 are equal to 400 billions of dollars, and the cost of Russian defense in the same year - 65, USA - over 600, China - about 120, NATO bloc spends 850 billions on defense in the year. The number of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is one million, NATO is about three million, and China is 2,2 million.
The economic potential of our country is incommensurable with the economic potential and defense expenditures of the countries of the NATO bloc, so it is impossible to create equal armed forces. But Russia's security can be ensured if at least part of the SNF is reliably protected from a rapid global strike in order to deliver a guaranteed retaliatory strike against the aggressor. For this, it is necessary to improve the protection of submarines, mines, special vehicles in which nuclear missiles are located, and also to create new ways to protect the strategic nuclear forces.
For example, place mobile nuclear-missile complexes in underground tunnels, as China does, and on railway platforms, as the USSR did. The first step to strengthen the defense of the SNF from a sudden attack of ballistic and cruise missiles is to use the existing and manufactured air defense systems (C-400, C-500, Buk-M2E, Pantsir-S1), and Tor submarines. (Submarines), standing at the piers, with nuclear missiles, underground mines with rockets and areas for patrolling vehicles with Topol and Yars. Submarines with nuclear missiles in the seas and oceans are difficult to detect and destroy. To solve this problem, the United States is intensively developing a system for detecting and destroying submarines; therefore, their patrol zone (in coastal waters) needs reliable protection.
To solve the problem of creating combat-ready armed forces to protect the country from any aggressor, it is necessary to increase the military budget. Obviously, with an increase in defense spending, the state budget must be doubled to no less than double. To do this, first of all, we need to move from the liberal-monetarist system of economic management, which was created in Russia in 90-s with the help of foreign experts to turn the country into a raw materials appendage of the West, to a planned market management system. This will allow to modernize production and create an innovative economy, raise the quality and standard of living of the population and re-equip the Armed Forces qualitatively.