Military Review

Serhiy Komkov: The Law on Education will stimulate the growth of corruption

33
Serhiy Komkov: The Law on Education will stimulate the growth of corruptionIn the past six months, the Ministry of Education and Science has paid quite a lot of attention to reforming the Russian education system, both higher and secondary. We are talking about the introduction of monitoring the effectiveness of universities and the adoption by the State Duma of the Law on Education, which will come into force on September 1 of 2013 September. This law does not abolish free education within the framework of new standards. However, the school has the right to take fees for classes above the standards. Both of these innovations have caused general indignation: both in the scientific community and in simple families where there are children. President of the All-Russian Education Foundation, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Academician of MANPO Sergey Komkov told the First Anti-Corruption Media about what is actually happening with the education system, what will this reforming lead to, and also corruption in education.


- Recently, they have increasingly begun to talk about the fact that soon most of the subjects of secondary education in Russia will become paid. What do you think is the probability of this? Is it possible that secondary education will be paid and under what conditions?

- Indeed, in recent times there has been a tendency that all subjects of the developmental plan (ISO, music, plastic, construction, choreography, rhythmic gymnastics, etc.) will be given for an additional fee. This is due to the fact that the developmental activities were included in the category of additional education. Over time, additional hours of a foreign language will be transferred to a paid basis. And then it is possible to transfer to an additional payment for hours of in-depth study of certain items. Mandatory, that is, payable at the expense of the budget, may remain the entire 3-4 of the subject. Everything else will go at the expense of the parents' wallet. Thus, remaining formally free, education will in fact be paid.

Mandatory, that is, payable at the expense of the budget, may remain the entire 3-4 of the subject. Everything else will go at the expense of the parents' wallet. Thus, remaining formally free, education will in fact be paid.


- The monitoring of universities this year showed its inefficiency due to the imperfection of the selected evaluation criteria. However, the Ministry of Education and Science did not stop at this, new criteria were introduced, which in turn also raise many questions. What is waiting for universities in connection with the introduction of annual monitoring?

- The whole trouble is that it is still unclear for what purpose the definition of the so-called "efficiency" of the activities of universities was carried out. It is not clear what the Ministry of Education means by the concept of "efficiency." What kind of "effect" of the activities of the university in question. Experts from the educational community were not involved in the definition of the “effectiveness” criteria. The criteria are purely formal. And this led to a sharp rejection of the “effectiveness” test by the heads of the universities. In fact, it was mainly about the "efficiency" of budget spending. And it was done very illiterate and incompetent. If this kind of “monitoring” will be held annually, it can lead to a sharp surge of discontent with the policies of the Ministry of Education and Science and the Government of Russia. First of all, from the side of students. Since it is very sharply striking the interests of students, it creates a nervous atmosphere and uncertainty about the future.

- As practice shows, with the advent of new rules, there are ways to circumvent these rules. Would not the monitoring of universities lead to the appearance of corruption in this connection?

- Undoubtedly lead. Since some of them will have the opportunity to avoid an unpleasant procedure for a certain bribe, while others will have a very quick and without any problems getting a substantial increase in their official salary.

- How much money will be allocated for monitoring? Is this rational use of budgetary funds?

- I do not know how much real budget funds will go for it. But, since the effectiveness of this kind of “monitoring” is zero at best, and at worst can lead to serious social consequences, these budget expenditures will work not for, but against the system of higher professional education in Russia.

- You have repeatedly spoken out against the USE form as an exam. However, the Unified State Exam is still the main way to test knowledge, despite constant scandals: mass cheating, bogus examiners, pre-published Unified State Exam assignments on the Internet, why won't the Ministry of Education refuse the Unified State Exam? Are measures taken to prevent such incidents and how effective are they?

- The Ministry of Education and Science will hold the USE as the sole and main form of the final assessment of students for the secondary school course, so this provision has been included in the new Law “On Education”. The USE was imposed on Russia by American “advisers” with a single goal: to end the fundamental, classical education system, which made it possible to prepare an intellectually developed person. Translation of the final certification to a standardized test basis in the Russian school led to the restructuring of the whole teaching process in the senior (and later it expects lower levels of the educational system) classes. The United States went through this stage from the beginning of the 70's to the end of the 90's. And it ended for them the actual collapse of the entire education system. Now they are trying to make a similar “experiment” with our country. And this may end not only with the collapse of the Russian education system, but also with Russia as a whole.

The USE was imposed on Russia by American “advisers” with a single goal: to end the fundamental, classical education system, which made it possible to prepare an intellectually developed person.


“After the scandals associated with the discovery of plagiarism in dissertations, Dmitry Medvedev ordered the creation of a new Antiplagiat system to test scientific works. How will it differ from the existing one? Does it make sense to create a new one, because it takes a lot of money? Will there be any benefit from it, and why has the existing system of plagiarism verification of scientific papers not been widely used in universities until now?

- No Antiplagiat system will help until the labor relations system changes in Russia. This is especially true of the requirements for representatives of the bureaucratic apparatus. Every official wants to have a degree certificate. This gives him career growth and additional prestige. In addition, it is necessary to radically change the system of assignment of academic degrees. This should not be dealt with by administrative bodies (that is exactly how HAC is in Russia), but independent Scientific Committees having recognition (accreditation) in the relevant scientific associations of Europe.

- Is it possible to defeat corruption in education? How is the fight against bribery and bribery, in addition to the regular checks of the Ministry of Education and Science?

- Never and under no circumstances has corruption been defeated by those who are the main source of this phenomenon. The administrative apparatus itself is a hotbed and conductor of corruption. Therefore, no “check” of the Ministry of Education and Science will ever reveal the facts of corruption. This can be done only with maximum public control and with a clear work of law enforcement agencies. Other options world practice does not know.

Never and under no circumstances has corruption been defeated by those who are the main source of this phenomenon. The administrative apparatus itself is a hotbed and conductor of corruption. Therefore, no “check” of the Ministry of Education and Science will ever reveal the facts of corruption.


- What other problems exist in the Russian education system today?

- At present, problem number 1: the State Duma has adopted a new Law on Education. It is approved by the Federation Council and signed by the President. From 1 September, 2013 of the year comes into force. But how to live according to this law, nobody knows. At best, it will remain impracticable. At worst, its execution will lead to the complete and final collapse of the education system in Russia. Because this Law has absorbed all the major flaws of the current education system. Therefore, the educational community faces a long and hard struggle to return to the best traditions of Russian education.

- What are the main flaws in question? What are the “pitfalls” contained in this Law?

- New Law approved the regulatory per capita principle of financing. This means that the mass closure of small schools, which form the backbone of our education system in the vast territories of Russia, will continue. The law approved the USE as the main form of the final certification of students for the course of secondary school. And this means that the change in the system of teaching in high school will continue, which ultimately will lead to the destruction of the fundamental classical education in the Russian school and transfer the entire system of teaching to applied rails. The Law on Education has absorbed the provisions of the 83 Federal Law, the main purpose of which is to change the status of municipal institutions (autonomous, budgetary, public), which, in turn, will lead to an increase in the level of payment in the education system. In addition, the new Law “On Education” does not give any guarantees to teachers and other teaching staff to preserve and increase the level of wages. And if we talk about the principles of financing the education system of the country as a whole, then the Law does not establish any regulatory boundaries of state spending on this area. Thus, we can conclude that the new Law “On Education” will not reduce, but stimulate further growth of corruption in the education system of our country.
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33 comments
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 20 May 2013 07: 34 New
    +8
    . The USE was imposed on Russia by American “advisers” with one single goal: to end the fundamental, classical education system, which made it possible to prepare an intellectually developed personality.


    We’ve listened to these “advisers” and are disentangling now. But why is everything that is not needed in the West (and in Europe) sticks to us like "hello!" What other arguments about the harmfulness of the same exam?
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 20 May 2013 07: 45 New
      15
      Quote: aszzz888
      What other arguments about the harmfulness of the same exam?

      The exam will be canceled when a relative of Putin or himself begins to be treated by doctors generated by the modern education system. Although I may be mistaken, in Germany they can improve their health.
      1. aszzz888
        aszzz888 20 May 2013 10: 46 New
        +1
        And as always, you are right. +
    2. Joker
      Joker 20 May 2013 07: 48 New
      +9
      Well, where is Esaul with laudatory speeches for the great and terrible?
      A new generation of Americans is being raised from children, but without money. There will be stupid and poor. Excuse me, but what about the growth of fertility?
      1. fortunophile
        fortunophile 20 May 2013 09: 56 New
        +7
        History moves in a spiral soon we will have aristocrats (wealthy and therefore smart), exclusively by birth and servants, those who, despite their natural abilities, are doomed to be illiterate, and therefore will not be able to compete in the employment market. There was a good system of public education, then there went paid universities, purchased diplomas, and now they are actively “reforming” the secondary school. Previously, all foreigners were amazed at how much they read in the USSR, remember the subway cars at that time, libraries (I myself was three at school) and benches in parks. Now everyone is playing on cell phones and tablets ...
        We are degrading with the active help of the government. The bureaucrats do not need smart and proactive, they need "" recourse
        1. baltika-18
          baltika-18 20 May 2013 10: 36 New
          +6
          Quote: fortuneophile
          soon we will have aristocrats (rich and therefore smart),

          But it seems to me that they don’t even hide it anymore. If you get money, you will get any education, even if you’re absolutely dumb. There’s no money, you will learn to read and write, and then .....
          The fucking builders of capitalism ....
          1. afire
            afire 20 May 2013 14: 27 New
            +1
            in the end, it all comes down to the fact that we ourselves will be teaching our children, so to speak, open alternative schools in which Soviet education can be taken as a basis. I am going to carefully monitor the next year (1st grade) in which textbooks the child will be taught. I will compare programs with Soviet textbooks. Even I don’t like modern initiatives at all and am going to fight this if it touches me directly.
    3. Joker
      Joker 20 May 2013 15: 20 New
      +5
      Climbed on the Internet in search of clarification on this fact and found what he did. Articles about paid avg. education appears with 2009 and every year everyone predicts it, then in 2010 there will be something in 2011, etc. In fact, Pu said that education would not be paid, but made a reservation that in his presidential term. So it smacks of disinformation this thing, I think that the government will not do this, because the people will send them to hell immediately, plus the right to receive free education is spelled out in the constitution, so that as soon as the constitution changes this, then they will introduce . But still, I think there is no smoke without fire, I think the government is testing the ground, in one or two generations it can easily enter it, as the Pepsi generation will grow up, to which it will be easier for us to fool the head.
    4. starshina78
      starshina78 20 May 2013 20: 45 New
      +1
      And why are we still listening to the Americans, that is, excuse me, not us, but the Government? Do they have what their mind lacks? Education reform is in place - today the media reported a reduction of 20 budget places in universities, paid tuition is tightly integrated in a comprehensive school (I can say this, I have two granddaughters studying, and my wife and I began to plan help for each month in our budget daughter in the amount of 000 for additional training for granddaughters). Unified State Examination - this is generally a shame on our education!
      1. Joker
        Joker 20 May 2013 21: 49 New
        0
        my wife and I began to plan in our budget for each month to help my daughter in the amount of 8000 for additional training granddaughters

        In the sense of? For now, all items are free.
  2. krasin
    krasin 20 May 2013 07: 38 New
    +2
    Mat nezya! But how! When will they finally deal with education. How can they not understand I don’t need grandchildren of iPhones, little pot-bellied consumers. How do I look at my granddaughter, how does she do her homework, what will they know ??
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 20 May 2013 07: 41 New
      +7
      Quote: krasin
      When will they finally figure it out with education.

      They already figured out the education! What remains of him is difficult to call education hi
      1. CTEPX
        CTEPX 20 May 2013 09: 22 New
        +4
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        They already figured out the education!

        The new version of the law is much better than the old in terms of protecting Russian statehood. Everything else is adjectives. The specifics are for the ministries. If the governance of the country is not "foreign" - the law is fully functional)). To change the rules for taking exams is a matter of one quarter)).
        To pass absolutely “our” law, you need to change the Constitution)).
        Specific example. According to the old law, it was impossible to establish military-patriotic education in educational institutions. In a new way - light. If the MO is not bored)).
  3. avant-garde
    avant-garde 20 May 2013 07: 42 New
    +6
    In our opinion, even the law on corruption stimulates the growth of corruption!
    1. CTEPX
      CTEPX 20 May 2013 16: 24 New
      +2
      Quote: avant-garde
      In my opinion, even the law on corruption stimulates the growth of corruption

      Cool! I wish the law on education stimulated the growth of education!
  4. Consul-t
    Consul-t 20 May 2013 07: 48 New
    +4
    The West does not need a strong Russia.
    The Anglo-Saxons, hiding under good intentions, quarreled Russia with their neighbors in all ages, fought off wars, pitted.
    It's time to stop believing in everyone and humiliate ourselves before everyone and blame ourselves for everything. You need to think about your country and your people.

    See the results of Eurovision. Everything is clearly shown, who is for whom. And where is anyone more.
    Russia voted for Azerbaijan (gave 12 points). And why? What did the Russians like the performance so much? No, it’s just that Russia has the most massive Azerbaijani diaspora, which voted for its own on behalf of Russia.
    It's simple.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 20 May 2013 08: 43 New
      0
      Quote: Consul-t
      Russia voted for Azerbaijan (gave 12 points). And why? What did the Russians like the performance so much? No, it’s just that Russia has the most massive Azerbaijani diaspora, which voted for its own on behalf of Russia.
      It's simple.



      Good morning to everyone and to you, includinghi Oh, how simple it is laughing However, you made a "brilliant" conclusion, but you won’t get a round of applause, why, but everything is much simpler. So read and analyze again, you’re our analyst.
      For the representative of Azerbaijan at the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 - Farid Mammadov - even the Armenians voted.

      According to Day.Az with reference to ANS PRESS, some of them are not trying to hide it. Here is what user Melina Arzumanyan wrote on her Twitter blog: “May the Armenians forgive me, but I cast my vote for Azerbaijan! Great song! Great singer.”

      After that, Armenian users launched attacks on Melina Arzumanyan. Unable to withstand the "virtual terror", Aruzumanyan was forced to hide her blog.

      According to Day.Az, apparently, this is the very tolerance and tolerance in the Armenian way that our grief neighbors shout at the top of their lungs at every opportunity. But it is easy to silence the citizens of Armenia, that small part of the people remaining in the impoverished country, but it is no longer possible to influence the Armenians who have taken their feet from their homeland. Because, judging by the information in the social networks, Melina Arzumanyan, now lives in Moscow.
      http://news.day.az/politics/403001.html
  5. treskoed
    treskoed 20 May 2013 07: 50 New
    +3
    Indeed, recently there has been a tendency that all subjects of the developing plan (fine arts, music, plastic, construction, choreography, rhythmic gymnastics, etc.) will be given for an additional fee

    And what will the country's population turn into? It’s even scary to think!
  6. fenix57
    20 May 2013 08: 29 New
    +4
    The exam should not be a choice of answers from several options compiled by a group of people with a narrow and subjective opinion. But if this is so, then it is very beneficial for someone. angry
  7. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 20 May 2013 08: 36 New
    +7
    Again, Putin did not know what he was signing. Or signed blindfolded? Then who tied them to him?
    1. vot-te-raz
      vot-te-raz 20 May 2013 10: 44 New
      +4
      Putin is not to blame. Yesaul with 3 volts will confirm))))). Such a scheme will be drawn that if it weren’t for Putin there wouldn’t be any free items. Like it’s a barter with ami, they will tell us the village of Putinka in Latvia, we will reform them to introduce (so lightly) LGBT people to us, they will give them the police, we will give them the WTO. In general, Putin is holding a circular defense, doing everything he can.
  8. vlbelugin
    vlbelugin 20 May 2013 09: 42 New
    +3
    Tired. How not to accept the law. He is not only for the good, but as a rule to the detriment. "Turned on" the brain, trying to remember a law that would be useful to us, people, not officials and bandits.
    Paradox. I can’t remember.
  9. taseka
    taseka 20 May 2013 10: 33 New
    +2
    "Everything else will go at the expense of the parents' wallet. Thus, remaining formally free, education in fact will be paid." - Here so quietly and imperceptibly the power of the soul "sick" for the people!
  10. Dimy4
    Dimy4 20 May 2013 11: 06 New
    +3
    With such innovations, you can only prepare the ground for a new nobility (or whatever you like). Since only those parents who have a high income level can pay for "extra" items. Thus, most applicants are eliminated immediately to continue their education in higher and secondary educational institutions.
  11. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 20 May 2013 11: 14 New
    +4
    Quote: Dimy4
    With such innovations, you can only prepare the ground for a new nobility (or whatever you like). Since only those parents who have a high income level can pay for "extra" items. Thus, most applicants are eliminated immediately to continue their education in higher and secondary educational institutions.

    Well, in my opinion, our forgive me for the obscene expression "elite" has long dreamed of the status of an aristocracy in the sea of ​​black cattle, gentlemen and their excellencies are very dissatisfied when they interfere with this road. You see, they want to be at the balls and crunch the French bun.
  12. My address
    My address 20 May 2013 11: 43 New
    +2
    And nothing to say. Only bad expressions. I was lucky to study with Soviet teachers and Soviet superiors. Of course, there were stupidities then, but now it's just wrecking!
    Reasoning on ministerial and deputy ministers and deputies, and not only, it is necessary to logging. The formal reason is that they do not produce wealth. And according to the results of their work there is a place there.
  13. fenix57
    20 May 2013 11: 46 New
    +2
    Quote: taseka
    So silently and imperceptibly, the power of the soul "cheers" for the people!

    If only this "illness" did not drag on, it was time for the "crisis" to come!"The administrative apparatus itself is a hotbed and conductor of corruption ..."-here and the "root" of evil.
    It's time to keep special forces and men with a degree in the state! and here they are, AGENTS OF INFLUENCE ... THE MOST SCARY AND UNPAIRED ...
  14. fenix57
    20 May 2013 12: 00 New
    +1
    Quote: Standard Oil
    the "elite" has long dreamed about the status of the aristocracy in the sea of ​​black cattle, gentlemen and their excellencies are very unhappy when this way goes

    I agree, only "their excellences" in quotation marks, like the "elite" uy ...
    in the context of "aristocracy".
    Now, it seems to me, only the ELITE of the Sun is perceived:
  15. Grigorich 1962
    Grigorich 1962 20 May 2013 12: 02 New
    +3
    Hello colleagues!
    In Russia, there are always extremes ..... The USE is another kratsnost ..... that's just we will not immediately feel its harm. Although there are already echoes. I have two children, schoolchildren, and I care about what and how they are taught. Of course, a lot depends on the teacher ...... but if this teacher is an education of the 90s then he will teach according to EGE. I’ve already caught such a chip in children .... if they don’t know the answer, then they simply poke the answer .... suddenly it’s right and it becomes the norm .. I think that the country in our country is a big mother of regions, troubled ... different cultures, faiths and ways of life. And it’s impossible for everyone to be united ... The USE has been bringing more and more scandals for several years in a row. Education as a basis should be free. Anyway, I think that the Soviet system of education was the best in the world ..... it should be slightly adjusted taking into account the influence of time and it should be returned.
  16. smershspy
    smershspy 20 May 2013 16: 10 New
    +5
    Lord! I want to note that because of all the exam, tests, exams, people have forgotten how to think, there is a zombie of people. Students do not know how to associate a few words because of tests .... Previously, exams showed how a person can think, learn his opinion, erudition, etc. Now! There are no words! All sorts of scandals because of the exam! More and more people who are truly smart cannot go to college because money is everything! It’s a pity that politicians do what the moneybags in England did - whoever has money learns and who doesn’t have “clean the dishes” .... many of those who “clean the dishes” can easily and successfully study at a university and not one! It is necessary to consider the procedure of entrance exams more broadly, not to reduce it to primitivism! I have the honor!
  17. Black
    Black 20 May 2013 16: 56 New
    +5
    My wife works at school. He teaches mathematics, computer science. Forced to compel to know the problems of the school "from the inside" (the teacher, she does not change the profession at home no ).
    1. Examination - trouble if the teacher is an unwise person imprisoned under the exam. But if he is a stupid person, then the form of the exam does not change anything. The exam is the opportunity to enter any university from the "depths" and a powerful means of combating corruption in the entrance commissions (they took it in 70, 80, and 90, but it started to happen in early 2000 !!!! - not a word pen to describe)
    2. The so-called "optimization" (reduction-union) - inevitability with demo.yame.
    OS status and level of payment - what kind of connection the interviewee sees is not clear.
    But I must tell the truth - over the past 5-7 years, the school has become technically, technologically 3 orders of magnitude higher than even the Soviet one.
    3. Z.p. The educator has never been as tall as now.
    4. Higher education (namely, the commercialization of universities) is a shame. and the destruction of higher education itself.
  18. Blackgrifon
    Blackgrifon 20 May 2013 21: 16 New
    0
    "The administrative apparatus itself is a hotbed and conductor of corruption"
    Another delirium of a madman - according to statistics, the main percentage of corruption (not in monetary but in quantitative terms) falls directly to the lowest level. Have you ever thanked teachers at school? What about the doctors?
  19. Gardamir
    Gardamir 20 May 2013 21: 34 New
    0
    And I do not want to comment. Everything is sold and bought. This is how the generation of the future is seen, some illiterate, because there was no money, others paid off and also know nothing.
  20. bilgesez
    bilgesez 20 May 2013 21: 56 New
    0
    Give the Russian Revolution.
  21. poquello
    poquello 20 May 2013 22: 42 New
    +3
    This is not the law "On Education" - this is a crime against children, for the first time in 20 years, a desire arose to go somewhere.
    "However, for classes beyond those prescribed in the standards, the school has the right to charge."
    The school is now engaged in legalized bribery, famously vparivaya its intrusive service. Here are the graduates of the fourth-graders, parties, birthdays, excursions, sections, buying the 15th printer for the class - prepare the money of dad, mom.
  22. shurup
    shurup 20 May 2013 22: 47 New
    0
    I’m even ready to pay for additional classes on NVP at school. However, I myself can prepare a child, but the initial military team!
  23. Metlik
    Metlik 20 May 2013 23: 12 New
    +2
    Smart people do not need power. Clever people will not need such power.
    And our teachers are the most outstanding. I read about Zankov - the children became child prodigies in his class. Experience came from abroad to adopt.
  24. Wasterhen
    Wasterhen 14 June 2015 16: 33 New
    0
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    I’m also looking for additional income, so that I can earn on bonuses at FixDream.ru and get additional money somewhere else.
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  25. Mapkolk
    Mapkolk 5 September 2015 06: 26 New
    0
    Everyone who needs extra income from 1500-2000 rubles per day.
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